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World War I ACES
Of the U.S. Air Service

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A total of 118 Americans became Aces (5 or more victories) during World War I.  Seventy-one of these American Aces achieved their victories as part of the U.S. Air Service, or as a combination of service with one of the allied nations (England, France, Italy) and the U.S. Air Service AFTER the US Air Service began operation in January 1918.  These men are listed below, alphabetized in order of their number of victories.  Victories indicated in red parenthesis (#) denote additional victories earned prior to January 1918 while in service to an allied air service.

  Name Rank Victories Unit:
1 Rickenbacker, Eddie Captain

26

94th Pursuit Squadron
2 Luke, Frank, Jr. 2nd Lieutenant 18 27th Pursuit Squadron
3 Vaughn, George A. 1st Lieutenant 13 17th Pursuit Squadron
4 Kindley, Field E. 1st Lieutenant 12 148th Pursuit Squadron
5 Springs, Elliott W. 1st Lieutenant (4)  12 148th Pursuit Squadron
6 Landis, Reed G. 1st Lieutenant (2)  10 British R.A.F.
7 Swaab, Jacques M. 1st Lieutenant 10 22nd Pursuit Squadron
8 Baer, Paul P. 1st Lieutenant 9 103rd Pursuit Squadron
9 Cassady, Thomas G. 1st Lieutenant 9 28th Pursuit Squadron
10 Hamilton, Lloyd A. 1st Lieutenant (1)  9 17th Pursuit Squadron
11 Wright, Chester E. 1st Lieutenant 9 93rd Pursuit Squadron
  .      
12 Clay, Henry R., Jr. 1st Lieutenant 8 148th Pursuit Squadron
13 Coolidge, Hamilton Captain 8 94th Pursuit Squadron
14 Donaldson, John O. 2nd Lieutenant 8 British R.A.F.
15 Erwin, William P. 1st Lieutenant 8 1st Observation Squadron
16 Hunter, Frank O.D. 1st Lieutenant 8 103rd Pursuit Squadron
17 Jones, Clinton 2nd Lieutenant 8 22nd Pursuit Squadron
18 Meissner, James A. Captain 8 147th Pursuit Squadron
19 Stenseth, Martinus 1st Lieutenant 8 28th Pursuit Squadron
20 White, Wilbert W. 2nd Lieutenant 8 147th Pursuit Squadron
  .      
21 Burdick, Howard 2nd Lieutenant (1)  7 17th Pursuit Squadron
22 Chambers, Reed M. 1st Lieutenant 7 94th Pursuit Squadron
23 Cook, Harvey W. 1st Lieutenant 7 94th Pursuit Squadron
24 Creech, Jesse O. 1st Lieutenant 7 148th Pursuit Squadron
25 Holden, Lansing, C. 1st Lieutenant 7 95th Pursuit Squadron
26 Robertson, Wendel A. 1st Lieutenant 7 139th Pursuit Squadron
27 Rummell, Leslie J. 1st Lieutenant 7 93rd Pursuit Squadron
28 Schoen, Karl J. 1st Lieutenant 7 139th Pursuit Squadron
29 Sewall, Sumner 1st Lieutenant 7 95th Pursuit Squadron
  .      
30 Beane, James D. 1st Lieutenant 6 22nd Pursuit Squadron
31 Biddle, Charles J. Captain (1)  6 103rd Pursuit Squadron
32 Campbell, Douglas 1st Lieutenant 6 94th Pursuit Squadron
33 Curtis, Edward P. 1st Lieutenant 6 95th Pursuit Squadron
34 Guthrie, Murray K. 1st Lieutenant 6 13th Pursuit Squadron
35 Hammond, Leonard C. 1st Lieutenant 6 91st Observation Squadron
36 Hays, Frank K. 2nd Lieutenant 6 13th Pursuit Squadron
37 Hudson, Donald 1st Lieutenant 6 27th Pursuit Squadron
38 Knotts, Howard C. 2nd Lieutenant 6 17th Pursuit Squadron
39 Lindsay, Robert O. 1st Lieutenant 6 139th Pursuit Squadron
40 MacArthur, John K. 2nd Lieutenant 6 27th Pursuit Squadron
41 Ponder, William T. 2nd Lieutenant 6 103rd Pursuit Squadron
42 Putnam, David E. 1st Lieutenant (7)  6 139th Pursuit Squadron
43 Stovall, William H. 1st Lieutenant 6 13th Pursuit Squadron
44 Tobin, Edgar G. 1st Lieutenant 6 103rd Pursuit Squadron
45 Vasconcells, Jerry C. 1st Lieutenant 6 27th Pursuit Squadron
46 Wehner, Joseph F. 1st Lieutenant 6 27th Pursuit Squadron
  .      
47 Badham, William T. 2nd Lieutenant 5 91st Observation Squadron
48 Bair, Hilbert L. 1st Lieutenant (1)  5 British R.A.F.
49 Bissell, Clayton L. 1st Lieutenant   5 148th Pursuit Squadron
50 Brooks, Arthur R. 2nd Lieutenant 5 22nd Pursuit Squadron
51 Buckley, Harold R. 1st Lieutenant 5 95th Pursuit Squadron
52 Cook, Everett R. 1st Lieutenant 5 91st Observation Squadron
53 D'Olive, Charles R. 1st Lieutenant 5 93rd Pursuit Squadron
54 Easterbrook, Arthur L. 1st Lieutenant 5 1st Observation Squadron
55 Furlow, George W. 1st Lieutenant 5 103rd Pursuit Squadron
56 George, Harold H. 1st Lieutenant 5 139th Pursuit Squadron
57 Grey, Charles G. 1st Lieutenant 5 213th Pursuit Squadron
58 Haight, Edward M. 1st Lieutenant 5 139th Pursuit Squadron
59 Healy, James A. 1st Lieutenant 5 147th Pursuit Squadron
60 Keating, James A. 1st Lieutenant 5 British R.A.F.
61 Knowles, James, Jr. 1st Lieutenant 5 95th Pursuit Squadron
62 Larner, G. DeFreest 1st Lieutenant (2)  5 103rd Pursuit Squadron
63 Luff, Frederick E. 1st Lieutenant 5 British R.A.F.
64 O'Neill, Ralph A. 2nd Lieutenant 5 147th Pursuit Squadron
65 Owens, John S. 2nd Lieutenant 5 139th Pursuit Squadron
66 Porter, Kenneth L. 2nd Lieutenant 5 147th Pursuit Squadron
67 Ralston, Orville A. 1st Lieutenant 5 148th Pursuit Squadron
68 Seerley, John J. 1st Lieutenant 5 13th Pursuit Squadron
69 Strahm, Victor H. Captain 5 91st Observation Squadron
70 Todd, Robert M. 2nd Lieutenant 5 17th Pursuit Squadron
71 Vernam, Remington D. 1st Lieutenant 5 22nd Pursuit Squadron

The following Americans became Aces while serving in the Air Service of allied nations, earning their victories before the U.S. Air Service statistics were enumerated:

Name: Air Service: Victories:
Gillet, Frecerick W. Britain 20
Beaver, Wilfred Britain 19
Kullberg, Howard Britain 19
Lambert, William Britain 18
Iaccaci, August T. Britain 17
Iaccaci, Paul T. Britain 17
Coler, Eugene S. Britain 16
Lufbery, G. Raoul France 16
Rose, Oren J. Britain 16
Libby, Frederick C. Britain 14
Unger, Kenneth R. Britain 14
Baylies, Frank L. France 12
Bennett, Louis Britain 12
Lord, Frederic I. Britain 12
Warman, Clive W. Britain 12
Lussier, Emile J. Britain 12
Pearson, James W. Britain 12
Knight, Duerson Britain 10
Le Boutillier, Oliver C. Britain 10
Larsen, Jens F. Britain 9
Callender, Alvin A. Britain 8
Connelly, James A. France 8
Parsons, Edwin C. France 8
Simon, Walter Britain 8
Buchanan, Archibald Britain 7
Dodds, Roy E. Britain 7
Griffith, John S. Britain 7
Hale, Frank L. Britain 7
Hartney, Harold E. Britain 7
White, Harold A. Britain 7
Bissonette, Charles A. Britain 6
Catto, Charles G. Britain 6
Cooper, Norman Britain 6
Ingalls, David S. Britain (US Navy) 6
Pineau, Cleo F. Britain 6
Rogers, Bogart Britain 6
Boysen, Howard K. Britain 5
Brown, Sidney M. Britain 5
Callahan, Lawrence K. Britain 5
Magoun, Francis P. Britain 5
Orr, Osborne J. Britain 5
Peterson, David M. France 5
Shoemaker, Harold G. Britain 5
Taylor, Edgar Britain 5
Thaw, William France 5
Tipton, William D. Britain 5
Tod, Gordon Britain 5

 

 

Sources:

Haulman, Danial (Editor), USAF Wartime Aerial Victory Credits, Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, AL

U.S. Air Service - World War I
Statistics and Lists

Frank Luke Aerial Victories | Eddie Rickenbacker Aerial Victories

American Aces | Air Service Organization | Aerial Victories

Excel Database Listing ALL World War I US Air Service Victories

 


Part I

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Part II
World War Two
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Part III
US Air Force

 

 

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