18  LOUISIANA

April 30, 1812

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"Pelican State"

 

The State flag of Louisiana was adopted on the centennial of its statehood in 1912.  It features a pelican tearing at its breast to feed its young, symbolic of self-sacrifice.  Though the flag became official in 1912, this symbol was used to represent the Territory of Louisiana long before it entered the Union.  The State motto is printed in a scroll at the bottom and reads:

UNION, JUSTICE & CONFIDENCE

 

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19  INDIANA

December 11, 1816

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"Hoosier State"

 

The arrangement of the 19 stars in Indiana's STATE FLAG symbolizes more than just that state's admission as the 19th state.  There are 13 stars in the outer circle for the first 13 states, 5 stars in the lower half of the inner circle for the 5 states admitted after the Constitution, and the 19th star for Indiana above the torch.  The torch itself and extending rays represent the spread of enlightenment and liberty throughout our Nation.

 

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20  MISSISSIPPI

December 10, 1817

flag_st_ms.gif (4099 bytes)

"Magnolia State"

 

In 1894 Mississippi adopted their state flag, based upon TWO flags flown by the Confederacy during the Civil War.  The 3 broad blue, white, and red stripes was known as the "STARS and BARS".  In adopting a state flag to represent the state's proud Southern heritage, the BATTLE FLAG" of the Confederacy containing 11 stars, was added to the upper left corner of the Stars and Bars flag.

 

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21  ILLINOIS

December 3, 1818

flag_st_il.gif (5529 bytes)

"Prairie State"

 

Illinois adopted their official STATE FLAG in 1915 and modified it to look like the flag above in 1970.  The seal of the State of Illinois is centered on a white flag and depicts the sun rising behind an American Eagle perched on a rock and holding the shield of the United States in its claws.  Two dates are reflected on the flag:  1818 - the date Illinois became our 211st state, and 1868 - the date Illinois adopted the seal itself.   The words of the banner held in the eagle's mouth reflect the motto of Illinois:

"STATE SOVEREIGNTY,

NATIONAL UNION"

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22  ALABAMA

December 14, 1819

flag_st_al.gif (2537 bytes)

"Heart of Dixie"

The Confederate States of America was born in Montgomery, Alabama in February, 1861.  The official State Flag of the "Heart of Dixie" was adopted in 1891 and was designed to recall the heritage of the square BATTLE FLAG of the Confederacy.

 

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23  MAINE

March 15, 1820

flag_st_me.gif (4978 bytes)

"Pine Tree State"

 

Until the "Missouri Compromise" of 1820, Maine had been part of Massachusetts.  In 1820 it separated from Massachusetts and became a separate state, allowing the admission of Missouri the following year.  The coat of arms on the Maine STATE FLAG, adopted in 1909, reflects the importance of agriculture, shipping and forestry.  Above the coat of arms is the NORTH STAR, signifying the state's role at the time (1909) as the northernmost state geographically.  The state motto beneath the North Star means:

"I    DIRECT"

 

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24 MISSOURI

August 10, 1821

flag_st_mo.gif (5101 bytes)

"Show Me State"

 

 

 

 

In the center of a flag with one red, white and blue stripe is the seal of the State of Missouri.   The Flag was adopted in 1913.   Encircling the State Seal are 24 stars, indicating Missouri's entrance to the Union as the 24th state.  The seal itself also contains 24 stars at the top and Roman Numerals numbering 1820, the date of the Missouri Compromise.  Inside the smaller inner circle are the words:  "UNITED WE STAND, DIVIDED WE FALL", beneath which are the Latin words for the state motto:

"LET THE WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE

BE THE SUPREME LAW"

 

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25  ARKANSAS

June 15, 1836

flag_st_ar.gif (4768 bytes)

"Land of Opportunity"

 

When the people of Arkansas adopted their STATE FLAG in 1913 (it was modified in 1923 and again in 1924), they included a diamond to remind others that their's was the only State of active mining of mineral deposits.  They placed 25 stars inside the border of the diamond to represent the States admission as our 25th State.  The four stars in the center represent aspects of Arkansas history.  The state motto is not printed on the flag but is worthy of note:

"THE PEOPLE RULE"

 

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26  MICHIGAN

January 26, 1837

flag_st_mi.gif (6986 bytes)

"Wolverine State"

 

 

If you look closely at the two antlered animals on either side of the Michigan STATE FLAG you will notice that they are not identical...one is an elk and the other is a moose.  Above the crest is an American Eagle with the motto of our country, "E Pluribus Unum".  Adopted in 1911, the crest in the middle of the flag  reflects the scenic nature of the State along with the words "I SHALL DEFEND".  The state motto printed on the flag below the scenic representation of the state says:

  "IF YOU SEEK A PLEASANT PENINSULA,

LOOK AROUND YOU"

 

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27 FLORIDA

March 3, 1845

flag_st_fl.gif (4951 bytes)

"Sunshine State"

 

The State of Florida adopted their STATE FLAG in 1900 and made some revisions in 1985.  Set in the backdrop of the red cross of the Confederate Battle Flag is the State Seal depicting a native Seminole woman, a steam boat, everglades, and the state's tree--the sabel palm.   The State motto is printed at the base of the seal:

"IN GOD WE TRUST"

 

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28  TEXAS

December 29, 1845

flag_st_tx.gif (2183 bytes)

"Lone Star State"

The official flag of Texas was adopted in 1839, six years before it became a State.  Only the flag of Hawaii is older as an official state flag, and many Texans would be quick to point out that Hawaii's official flag was modified in 1845 so the banner that represents TEXAS is the OLDEST ORIGINAL official STATE FLAG

 

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29  IOWA

December 28, 1846

flag_st_ia.gif (5210 bytes)

"Hawkeye State"

 

The red and white vertical stripes in the flag adopted by the State of Iowa in 1921 are reminiscent of the French Tricolor, and serve as a reminder that Iowa was acquired from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.  The American Eagle with its blue ribbon are a part of the State Seal, and bear the motto:

"OUR LIBERTIES WE PRIZE AND

OUR RIGHTS WE WILL MAINTAIN

 

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30  WISCONSIN

May 29, 1848

flag_st_wi.gif (7002 bytes)

"Badger State"

As you would expect, the "Badger State" has a picture of a badger on its STATE FLAG,   just below the name of the 30th state and a scroll with the words "FORWARD" on it.  The crest  reflects shipping (anchor), mining(pick), farming (plow) and industry (arm and hammer).  At the bottom of the flag adopted as the official STATE FLAG of Wisconsin adopted in 1913 (and modified in 1981) is the year the state entered the Union.

 

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31  CALIFORNIA

September 9, 1850

flag_st_ca.gif (4194 bytes)

"Golden State"

One June 14, 1846, four years before California became our 31st state, a group of Americans united under the banner of "The Bear Flag Republic" to declare independence from Mexico.  The California state flag was adopted in 1911 and revised in 1953.  A single star represents the statehood of the "Golden State" and the image of a BEAR with the words "California REPUBLIC" are presented in the flag to honor that heritage.

 

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32  MINNESOTA

May 11, 1858

flag_st_mn.gif (5805 bytes)

"North Star State"

The STATE FLAG of Minnesota was not adopted until 1957, almost 100 years after it became our 32nd State.   The flag displays the State Seal depicting pioneer life, under a banner with the State's motto "North Star State".  There are 19 stars on the Minnesota, one for each state AFTER the Original Thirteen...Minnesota being the 32nd.

 

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33  OREGON

February 14, 1859

flag_st_or.gif (2033 bytes)

"Beaver State"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1925 the State of Oregon adopted the official STATE FLAGE, part of which is seen here.  More about THAT in a moment.

The flag is navy blue with gold letters and symbols, the colors of the "Beaver State".   Beneath the legend is a shield which is part of the State Seal.  Surrounding the shield are 33 stars to note Oregon's admission to the Union, and below the shield is the date of admission....1859.

The reason that you only see PART of the Oregon State Flag here is because it is the ONLY STATE to have a different design on the reverse side of the flag.  And what would you expect the "BEAVER STATE" to put on the back of its flag?

 

flag_st_orb.gif (2033 bytes)

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