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John McCloy

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U.S. Navy
Medal Of Honor, China Relief (Boxer Rebellion)

Second Award, Mexico (Vera Cruz)

 Photo Courtesy of HomeOfHeroes.com

 

 

 

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Early at the turn of the century a rebel force in China that called itself the Society of "Righteous and Harmonious Fists", subsequently called the "Boxers", initiated a rebellion in China that threatened the legations of several nations in Peking and Tientsen. Two detachments of Navy Bluejackets and Marines from the U.S.S. Oregon and U.S.S. Newark were dispatched as guards for the American Legations. On June 13 an estimated 50,000 Boxers began a two-month siege on Peking during which seven men received Medals of Honor for repulsing an attack by 300 militants with a bayonet charge. On June 20 the American guard fought a full-day battle against hidden snipers, and on June 21 turned fought a heated battle against a Chinese cavalry charge. On June 22 the Bluejackets and Marines fought their way through the wall of an enemy fort. Coxswain John McCloy was one of twenty members of this American Legation Guard (of 59 total awards during the Boxer Rebellion) to be awarded the Medal of Honor for meritorious conduct in the presence of the enemy during all four of these engagements.

By the time of the Vera Cruz, Mexico, action of 1914, John McCloy had risen to the rating of Chief Boatswain's Mate. In that action he earned a second Medal of Honor for his heroism in action. He retired from the Navy as a Lieutenant Commander.

Photos Courtesy of Thomas C. Goff   Nephew of John McCloy
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