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Charles Brown


U.S. Marine Corps
Medal Of Honor, Korea 1871

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Responding to uprisings in China in 1871 that destroyed the American merchant schooner "General Sherman" and resulted in the murder of its entire crew, six American warships including the USS Benicia were dispatched to Korea in retaliation. After coming under fire, on June 10th a group of 550 sailors and 100 marines were landed to assault the enemy forts. After making camp on the night of the landing, the following morning the Americans assaulted the middle of the five forts and chased the enemy into a high bluff and the last of the fortified positions called the Citadel. In the assault that followed, fierce hand-to-hand combat ensued, with many Americans wounded. As the enemy was forced backwards, Corporal Charles Brown assisted in the capture of the Korean flag in the center of the fort, that was subsequently taken down by fellow Marine Hugh Purvis.

The battle at the Korean Forts in 1871 was the first FOREIGN engagement to Merit Medals of Honor. 15 Medals of Honor - 9 Navy and 6 Marines, were awarded over the 3-day period of this action.

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Photo Courtesy of Thomas Duvernay  Click on Mr. Duvernay's name to access his excellent site on the Korean Campaign of 1871.

 

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