[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

.   

patch_442nd.gif (6260 bytes)

crest_100th.jpg (6591 bytes)

 

The Medal Of Honor
moh_army.gif (7254 bytes)

crest_442nd.jpg (5424 bytes)

 

 

From its inception during the Civil War and through the Spanish-American War (1898), the Honor Roll of Medal Of Honor recipients reflected a wide diversity of American soldiers, from low ranking privates to top generals.  Ethnic and cultural diversity was also reflected, the award going to Native Americans, Buffalo Soldiers, Hispanic Americans, Jewish heroes, and foreign immigrants.  Awards of the Medal of Honor during the Korean and Vietnam Wars reflected a similar cross-section of America.  Of the more than 500 Medals of Honor awarded during World War I and II, however, the same could not be said.  Though Hispanic and Native Americans had received the award during the two World Wars, not a single Black American, one Filipino, and only one Japanese-American soldier was awarded the Medal of Honor.

This initially prompted a review of World War I Distinguished Service Cross awards to Black American soldiers. On April 24, 1991 President George Bush presented the Medal of Honor to the sisters of Corporal Freddie Stowers, a young Black soldier killed in action during World War I.   His actions had been deemed of sufficient valor to merit our Nation's highest award.  A similar review of Black American soldiers awarded the DSC in World War II followed and, on January 13, 1997, President Clinton presented Medals of Honor to seven Black heroes of World War II.  Six of the awards were posthumous awards accepted by surviving family members.  Of the seven, only Vernon Baker had survived both the war and the interval of years, to personally receive his Medal.

Unlike America's Black veterans of the two World Wars, the Japanese-Americans could claim one Medal of Honor during the period, the award presented to Sadao Munemori.   (Even Munemori had initially been awarded the DSC, but Utah Senator Albert Thomas had pushed for its upgrade to the Medal of Honor shortly after the end of World War II.)   In view of the impressive record of the Nisei in World War II and particularly the incredible accomplishments of the 100th Infantry Battalion/442d Regimental Combat Team, it was generally believed that there should have been more.

In 1996 Hawaii Senator Daniel Akaka sponsored legislation ordering the re-evaluation of World War II awards to Japanese-Americans, and other Asian/Pacific Islanders who fought in both theaters.  On June 21, 2000 President Clinton awarded 22 Medals of Honor as a result of this action.

Of the 22 awards upgraded, all had received the Distinguished Service Cross except medic James Okubo, who had received the Silver Star (his commanders believed it was the highest award for which he was eligible as a medic.)  Okubo's upgrade was pushed through Congress in separate legislation, and approved in time for his Medal of Honor to be presented with the other 21.

Of the 22 awardees of the Medal of Honor, 10 were killed in action (9 in Europe and 1 in the Pacific).  Of the remaining twelve, only seven had survived the half-century interim to personally receive the Medal of Honor.  The posthumous presentations were made to surviving family members.  One such award was the posthumous presentation to Robert Kuroda.  All four young men in the Kuroda family served in World War II.  Ronald Kuroda accepted the Medal of Honor on behalf of his brother.  Ronald had himself, received the Distinguished Service Cross during World War II. 

The seven who survived to personally accept their Medals Of Honor from President Clinton are:

 

 

z_hayashi.jpg (9584 bytes)
Shizuya Hayashi

z_davila.jpg (10356 bytes)
Rudolph Davila

z_kobishigawa.jpg (11151 bytes)
Yeiki Kobashigawa

z_hajiro.jpg (8526 bytes)
Barney Hajiro

z_sakato.jpg (11081 bytes)
George Sakato

z_okutsu.jpg (11427 bytes)
Yukio Okutsu

z_inouye.jpg (9387 bytes)
Daniel Inouye

US Army Photos courtesy of SSGT David Bata

 

Photos from the Award Presentation
(click on thumbnails for larger image)

 presentation_hajiro.jpg (26457 bytes) presentation_inouye.jpg (18294 bytes) presentation_kobishigawa.jpg (32830 bytes) presentation_okutsu.jpg (31424 bytes)
presentation_davila.jpg (19847 bytes)presentation_davila_sakato.jpg (42312 bytes)presentation_group.jpg (53418 bytes)

Most Photos courtesy of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin

The pages from this web story are NOW AVAILABLE as an attractive, illustrated book from American Legacy Media.

CLICK ON COVER TO ORDER
Includes these pages, MOH Citations, ALL 100/442 DSC Citations & Roster of KIAs

crest_100th.jpg (6591 bytes)


[Introduction] [Purple Heart Battalion]  [Go For Broke]
[Monte Cassino] [Anzio] [Reunion] [The Vosges Mountains]
[The Lost Battalion] [Champagne Campaign]  [Final Victory]
[War in the Pacific] [Retiring The Colors]
[The Medal of Honor]  [Citations]
[Additional Resources & Links] [Guestbook] [Feedback]

pearl_harbor.jpg (8828 bytes)

Click on the button at left to reach our 10-page historical series about the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the 15 men who earned Medals of Honor that day.

 

crest_442nd.jpg (5424 bytes)

 
Copyright 1999-2008 by HomeOfHeroes.com
    
P.O. Box 122 - Pueblo, CO 81005
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Unless otherwise noted, all materials by C. Douglas Sterner
sendpage.gif (3735 bytes) 
Click Here to Mail This page to a friend.
 

SEARCH
bn_search.jpg (3967 bytes)
OUR SITE

Support
 HomeOfHeroes

EDUCATIONAL

GAME ARCADE

OR
Quick Quiz

***
Bulletin Boards
Electronic Post Cards
 Conference Room
Our Guestbook
Talking Points 

Remembering 911
The Binch
Citizens Speak Out

BEYOND THE MEDAL

This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public!


 

FREE AREAS of our Site are Available
Thanks to the Following Official Sponsors who Support Us

US Army dress blue uniforms, US Army class a uniform, US Army uniforms, US Army medals, US Army insignia, ACU uniforms, army badges

 If YOUR company or organization would like to support the work of HomeOfHeroes, 
Email Us
. Only Corporate Sponsorship will keep the remainder of the site FREE.

The Medal of Honor 

 History & Statistics

 Citations 
By WAR

Citations 
By STATE

Recipient Photos

Living
Recipients

Recent Losses  |  MOH Burial Sites By STATE  |  MOH Grave Site PHOTOS  |  Unknown Soldiers
Double MOH Recipients  |  Purge of 1917  |  Marine Corps Brevet Medal
Medal Of Honor Calendar  |  Books By MOH RecipientsSteve Ryan MOH Posters

FEATURE STORIES
  Profiles In Courage | Wings of ValorThe Brotherhood of Soldiers At War | Go For Broke
 Pearl Harbor  | A Splendid Little War | Shinmiyangyo-Korea 1871 | Quick Links to MOH Stories

What Does 
A Hero Look Like?

Click on Superman To Find out


FOOTNOTES
In
HISTORY

RECIPIENT WEB SITES
Barney Barnum  |  Jack Lucas  |  Mitch Paige  |  Wesley Fox  |  Sammy Davis
Roger Donlon
Peter Lemon  |  Drew Dix  |  Mike Novosel

Military Medals & Awards 

Information and Images of ALL Military Medals
The Purple Heart 
How to Request Records/Medals Earned
  How to Obtain Military Records of a Family Member 

Honor Roll of America's Military Heroes


Brevet Medal


DSC 


Navy Cross 


Air Force Cross 

Distinguished Service Medals

Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force - Coast Guard - Merchant Marine



Silver Star

PRINTABLE 
CITATION BOOKS

Medal of Honor Citations

Contact Your

Government Officials

U.S. History and Information
The History Room | U.S. Flag HistoryHistory of the Flag |
How to Display the Flag
| The National Anthem | The Pledge of Allegiance The American Creed | The Seal of our Nation | Our National Symbol
Arthur MacArthur's Flag | William Carney's Flag | FDR's Flag of Liberation]
FLAG DAY           STATE FLAGS
American Presidents
U.S. Presidents | Inaugural Addresses

God & Country
ROOM

MY HERO Web Page Creator 
(Create a Tribute to the Hero in Your Own Life)

Meet the Webmaster  |  SITE MAPGift Shop | Email Us

HomeOfHeroes.com now has more than 25,000 pages of US History for you to view.