The President of the United States
in the name of The Congress
takes pleasure in presenting the
Medal of Honor
*ROEDER, ROBERT E.
Rank and Organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company
G, 350th Infantry, 88th Infantry Division. Place and Date Mt. Battaglia, Italy,
27-28 September 1944. Entered Service at: Summit Station, Pa. Birth: Summit
Station, Pa. G.O. No.: 31, 17 April 1945.
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of
duty. Capt. Roeder commanded his company in defense of the strategic Mount Battaglia.
Shortly after the company had occupied the hill, the Germans launched the first of a
series of determined counterattacks to regain this dominating height. Completely exposed
to ceaseless enemy artillery and small-arms fire, Capt. Roeder constantly circulated among
his men, encouraging them and directing their defense against the persistent enemy. During
the sixth counterattack, the enemy, by using flamethrowers and taking advantage of the
fog, succeeded in overrunning the position Capt. Roeder led his men in a fierce battle at
close quarters, to repulse the attack with heavy losses to the Germans. The following
morning, while the company was engaged in repulsing an enemy counterattack in force, Capt.
Roeder was seriously wounded and rendered unconscious by shell fragments. He was carried
to the company command post, where he regained consciousness. Refusing medical treatment,
he insisted on rejoining his men although in a weakened condition, Capt. Roeder dragged
himself to the door of the command post and, picking up a rifle, braced himself in a
sitting position. He began firing his weapon, shouted words of encouragement, and issued
orders to his men. He personally killed 2 Germans before he himself was killed instantly
by an exploding shell. Through Capt. Roeder's able and intrepid leadership his men held
Mount Battaglia against the aggressive and fanatical enemy attempts to retake this
important and strategic height. His valorous performance is exemplary of the fighting
spirit of the U.S. Army.