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U.S. Merchant Marine
Awards of the Silver Star

for 
Conspicuous Gallantry
in Action During

WORLD WAR II

The United States Merchant Marine comprise the civilian merchant ships that are used to transport both imports and exports during peace time. During times of war, dating back to the American Revolution, Merchant Marines serve as an auxiliary to the United States Navy to transport both troops and supplies to the military, usually by convoy and often under combat conditions. During WWII the Merchant Marines sailed and took orders from U.S. Naval officers. Though considered "civilian volunteers", some Merchant Mariners were uniformed, and many were trained in combat defense of their ships.

While statistics vary on Merchant Marine casualties during World War II, the number ranges from more than 5,500 to nearly 10,000, the highest casualty rate by percentage of all the military services. The Merchant Marines are authorized their own distinctive Distinguished Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, and Mariner's Medal, but are also eligible for award of the Bronze Star, Purple Heart and Prisoner of War Medal, under the same conditions as other branches of service.

Just prior to the beginning of World War II (October 9, 1939), Navy Reserve Officer Lieutenant Commander Joseph A. Gainard was awarded the Navy Cross for his actions as commander of the S.S. City of Flint when his vessel was boarded by German sailors at sea. During World War II John A. Mattson, Master of the S.S. Coast Farmer was awarded the Army's Distinguished Service Medal for his daring voyage to re-supply Army forces on Bataan. Merchant Mariners were also awarded the Navy Marine Corps Medal in World War II, as well as various campaign ribbons.

One member of the U.S. Merchant Marines was awarded the Silver Star by the U.S. Navy.

 


HAUFFMAN, PERCY H.
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Percy H. Hauffman, Master, U.S. Merchant Marines, for extraordinary heroism and outstanding devotion to duty in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the S.S. HILLARY A. HERBERT during the landings of Allied Forces at Anzio, Italy, on 22 January 1943. Master Hauffman showed extraordinary ability and courageous action under fire in landing the S.S. HILLARY A. HERBERT at the beachhead and discharging her cargo of ammunition, gasoline and other vital supplies during a terrific aerial and shore bombardment.

For more information on the U.S. Merchant Marines, visit: American Merchant Marine at War

 

 

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Home Page

Hall Of Heroes

MOH Community 

NEWS

Kidz Page

FEATURE STORIES
  Profiles In Courage | Wings of ValorThe Brotherhood of Soldiers At War | Go For Broke
 Pearl Harbor  | A Splendid Little War | Shinmiyangyo-Korea 1871 | Quick Links to MOH Stories

RECIPIENT WEB SITES
Barney Barnum  |  Jack Lucas  |  Mitch Paige  |  Wesley Fox  |  Sammy Davis
Roger Donlon
Peter Lemon  |  Drew Dix  |  Mike Novosel

Medal Of Honor Calendar  |  Books By MOH RecipientsSteve Ryan MOH Posters

What Does 
A Hero Look Like?

Click on Superman To Find out


FOOTNOTES
In
HISTORY

NEW
Looking for a Hero or trying to verify awards? We have posted the names of more than 120,000 recipients of the highest awards in a BRAND NEW FREE SECTION
DECORATIONS 1862 - Present
.

Military Medals & Awards 

Information and Images of ALL Military Medals
The Purple Heart 
How to Request Records/Medals Earned
  How to Obtain Military Records of a Family Member 

Honor Roll of America's Military Heroes


Brevet Medal


DSC 


Navy Cross 


Air Force Cross 

Distinguished Service Medals

Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force - Coast Guard - Merchant Marine



Silver Star

U.S. History and Information
The History Room | U.S. Flag HistoryHistory of the Flag |
How to Display the Flag
| The National Anthem | The Pledge of Allegiance The American Creed | The Seal of our Nation | Our National Symbol
Arthur MacArthur's Flag | William Carney's Flag | FDR's Flag of Liberation]

FLAG DAY           STATE FLAGS
American Presidents
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God & Country
ROOM

MY HERO Web Page Creator 
(Create a Tribute to the Hero in Your Own Life)

SEARCH
bn_search.jpg (3967 bytes)
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OR
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***
Electronic Post Cards
Talking Points 

Remembering 911
The Binch
Citizens Speak Out

BEYOND THE MEDAL

This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public!


 

HomeOfHeroes.com now has more than 25,000 pages of US History for you to view.