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Awards of the Silver Star

for 
Conspicuous Gallantry
in Action
On 
December 7, 1941

 

Army Awards of the Silver Star

Army

Army Air Force

Navy Awards of the Silver Star

Navy

Marines

Citations

 Army Awards

To Members of the U.S. Army

EHRKE, JACK O.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Jack O. Ehrke, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for heroism in action during the attack on Hickam Field by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Sergeant Ehrke, on duty as Supply Sergeant, although severely wounded by flying shrapnel from aerial bombs during the early part of the attack, continued to perform his duty as Supply Sergeant and succeeded in distributing many pieces of necessary paraphernalia, such as steel helmets, rifles, ammunition, etc. After diligently performing his duties in the supply section, he then continued to rescue and evacuate wounded men from the attacked area. Only after his duty had been performed did he report to the hospital for treatment. Sergeant Ehrke displayed a devotion to duty and a spirit of self-sacrifice which was an inspiration to the entire command. The heroism displayed by Sergeant Ehrke on this occasion reflected great credit upon himself and the military service.

KEISNER, DONALD M.
Synopsis:
The Silver Star is presented to Donald M. Keisner, Captain, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action during the Japanese aerial attack on Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941.

KLATZ, LOWELL V.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Lowell V. Klatz, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the Coast Artillery Regiment, during the Japanese aerial attack on Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. While on duty near Wahiawa, Staff Sergeant Klatz distinguished himself with gallantry in action for bringing down a Japanese plane with his automatic rifle. He voluntarily and on his own initiative without regard for his own safety left the shelter of the Command Post in the face of heavy fire from enemy planes. He coolly waited in an exposed position until one of the enemy planes approached within 100 yards and then deliberately aimed automatic rifle fire at one of the two enemy planes. Firing along with Second Lieutenant Stephen G. Saltzman, the combined fire caused the enemy plane to crash resulting in the destruction of the airship and its crew. The cool determination and disregard for his personal safety displayed was an inspiration to the members of his regiment.

MISZCZUK, JOSEPH P.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Joseph P. Miszczuk, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 12th Signal Platoon (AB), during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. With disregard for his personal safety, Private First Class Miszczuk advanced under fire to a position in the parking lot located between Scott Circle and Atterbury Circle, a distance of approximately 50 yards, where two men had stopped, exhausted, while carrying a wounded man to the Station Hospital. Private First Class Miszczuk then helped the exhausted soldiers to cover of foliage where the men were concealed from view of the enemy and then carried the wounded soldier to the hospital, being under steady fire by enemy machine gunners. The bravery, coolness and good judgment displayed by Private First Class Miszczuk on this occasion, reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.

MUCHA, PAUL
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Paul Mucha, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 12th Signal Platoon (AB) during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. With disregard for his personal safety, Private First Class Mucha advanced under fire to a position in the parking lot located between Scott Circle and Atterbury Circle, a distance of approximately 50 yards, where two men had stopped, exhausted, while carrying a wounded man to the Station Hospital. Private First Class Mucha then helped the exhausted soldiers to a cover of foliage where the men were concealed from view of the enemy and then carried the wounded soldier to the hospital, being under steady fire by enemy machine gunners. The bravery, coolness and good judgment displayed by Private First Class Mucha on this occasion reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.

SALTZMAN, STEPHEN G.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Stephen G. Saltzman, Second Lieutenant (Coast Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the Coast Artillery Regiment at Wahiawa, Territory of Hawaii, during the Japanese aerial attack on 7 December 1941, where he brought down a Japanese airplane with his automatic rifle. Along with Staff Sergeant Lowell V. Klatz, Second Lieutenant Saltzman voluntarily and on his own initiative without regard for his own safety, left the shelter of the Command Post in the face of heavy fire from enemy planes. He coolly waited in an exposed position until one of the enemy planes approached within 100 yards, and then delivered armed automatic rifle fire at one of the two enemy planes. His fire, combined with that of Sergeant Klatz, caused the plane to crash, resulting in the destruction of the ship and crew. The cool determination and disregard for his personal safety displayed was an inspiration to members of his regiment.

 

To Members of the U.S. Army Air Force

ALBINO, ANTHONY A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Anthony A. Albino, Warrant Officer, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Squadron, 18th Air Base Group (R), during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Mr. Albino, then a Technical Sergeant, with disregard for his personal safety, volunteered to take the private automobile of an officer and secure additional ammunition for machine guns, which were set up on the rear porches of the Air Base Barracks. Permission to do this was granted and he twice drove to the Ordnance Warehouse at Wheeler Field, each trip requiring approximately one-quarter of an hour, and returned with sufficient boxes of ammunition to enable the machine gunners to continue the operation of their guns and to throw up a heavy curtain of fire. The area through which he drove was under exceptionally heavy fire from enemy planes. The action of Mr. Albino was an exceptionally meritorious one and was far beyond the normal call of duty, and his voluntary performance of this detail, his initiative, presence of mind, and coolness under fire reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.

*AVERY, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Robert L. Avery, Private First Class, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (N), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Private First Class Avery, for conspicuous bravery during the attack, assisted in putting a machine gun in action and later operated one of the guns. In the latter part of the attack, Private First Class Avery was killed.

BISHOP, SAMUEL W.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Samuel W. Bishop, First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 44th Pursuit Squadron, 18th Pursuit Group, at Bellows Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese Forces on Bellows Field and the vicinity, and while under fire, First Lieutenant Bishop attempted to take off to engage the enemy, and in so doing was wounded and his plane so badly damaged that he was forced to make a crash landing in the waters nearby, and though wounded managed to swim ashore. Lieutenant Bishop's initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire against overwhelming odds in his first battle, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden enemy air attack.

BLAKE, GORDON A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Gordon A. Blake, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action at Hickam Field during the Japanese attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Lieutenant Colonel Blake remained in the Field control tower during the worst of the bombardment and calmly directed the safe landing of Flying Fortresses arriving from the Mainland.

*BROWN, HARRY M.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Harry M. Brown, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 47th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Wheeler Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When a surprise attack was launched by a large number of Japanese airplanes on Wheeler Field, Territory of Hawaii, and the vicinity thereto, Second Lieutenant Brown immediately proceeded by automobile to the Haleiwa Landing Field, a distance of approximately ten miles, where the planes of his squadron were located. The trip was made under heavy enemy fire. Upon arrival at Haleiwa Landing Field, he took off with an airplane for the purpose of attacking the enemy forces, without first obtaining information as to the number or type of planes in the attacking forces. He engaged an enemy aircraft and carried on combat until the enemy made his escape in a cloud formation. Shortly after this encounter, he flew over Kaene Point where two of the hostile forces pursued a friendly aircraft in battle. Lieutenant Brown immediately attacked, shooting one of the enemy down and aiding in driving off the other. Lieutenant Brown's expertness in battle during this engagement was instrumental in saving the life of the pilot in the friendly aircraft. Again, after being joined by another of the friendly forces, Lieutenant Brown attacked a hostile aircraft and continued to fire upon it until his ammunition ran out. The enemy aircraft was last seen by him heading out to sea in evident distress. Lieutenant Brown's initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire, expert maneuvering of his plane, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off the sudden and unexpected enemy air attack of 7 December 1941.

BURT, WILLIAM B.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to William B Burt, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 86th Observation Squadron during the Japanese air attack at Bellows Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Sergeant (then Private) Burt, without prior training in the gunner's cockpit of an C-473 type observation airplane, sustained fire being delivered by diving flying enemy aircraft. His position was precarious due to the quality of enemy fire. However, Private Burt remained in his post until the conclusion of the raid.

CARR, REUBEN A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Reuben A. Carr, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 22d Material Squadron, during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. With disregard for his personal safety, Sergeant Carr volunteered to man a machine gun whose crew had been killed. Sergeant Carr then immediately set forth under continued fire to the dismantled gun, putting it in action, and continued to deliver an effective, accurate fire upon the Japanese aircraft throughout the entire raid. The bravery, coolness and good judgment displayed by Sergeant Carr on this occasion, reflects great credit upon himself and the military service.

*CHAPMAN, DONALD V.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Donald V. Chapman, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Chapman, conspicuous for his bravery under fire, assisted in repair of an airplane during the severe attack of bombing and strafing centered on the hangars. Corporal Chapman was killed in this attack.

*DAINS, JOHN L.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to John L. Dains, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 47th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Haleiwa Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. When the American forces on Oahu were surprised by a heavy attack launched by Japanese forces, Lieutenant Dains took off to combat the enemy in a F-40 type airplane without advance information regarding the strength, disposition or type of enemy aircraft. Lieutenant Dains flew three missions on the morning of 7 December 1941, a total of approximately two and one- half hours. The first two missions were flown in a P-40 type airplane, and the third mission in a P-36 type airplane. He was killed in action during the third mission. Lieutenant Dains' undaunted courage and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off the sudden enemy air attack.

DRIER, ELMER L.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Elmer L. Drier, Master Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 23d Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (H), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Master Sergeant Drier, conspicuous for bravery, was present at the hangar throughout the entire raid, assisting in salvaging of airplane parts. Master Sergeant Drier's actins during the attack helped to save large numbers of airplanes from destruction by fire.

FAY, CHARLES A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Charles A. Fay, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 72d Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Wheeler Field, Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese forces on Wheeler Field and vicinity at approximately 8 a.m., Staff Sergeant Fay, with utter disregard for his personal safety proceeded to the hangar line and taxied aircraft out of the burning hangars. He was under constant enemy fire, and though twice hit by machine gun bullets, he continued with his task until completed. His initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden, unexpected enemy air attack. The heroism displayed by Staff Sergeant Fay on this occasion reflects great credit upon himself and the military service.

FINN, EDWARD
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Edward Finn, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 42d Bombardment Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Finn, having no previous instruction in the mechanism of machine guns, secured and mounted a .50 caliber machine gun, and delivered effective fire upon the enemy.

*FOX, JACK W.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Jack W. Fox, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 31st Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Fox, conspicuous for his bravery and coolness, caused the lives of a large group of men to be saved by ordering the men from unprotected areas to the shelter of the barracks, only a few seconds before the area was bombed and strafed by enemy aircraft. During the second attack, Corporal Fox, seeing a machine gun jam, started to the aid of the crew to reduce the jam. At this time a heavy attack of strafing and bombing centered on this area. A fragmentation bomb exploded near Corporal Fox; he was killed instantly.

HAESSLY, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Robert J. Haessly, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 22d Material Squadron during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. With disregard for his personal safety, Sergeant Haessly volunteered to man a .50 caliber machine gun whose crew had been killed and the gun itself damaged. Sergeant Haessly succeeded in putting the gun back in action and continued to operate the gun against enemy aircraft. The bravery, coolness and good judgment displayed by Sergeant Haessly on this occasion reflects great credit upon himself and the military service.

HALLOR, FREDERICK C.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Frederick C. Hallor, Captain (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for heroism in action during the attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Captain Hallor, in addition to being Commanding Officer of the 22d Material Squadron, Air Corps, assumed command of the 23d Material Squadron, Air Corps, in the absence of its Commanding Officer. Captain Hallor displayed marked heroism in coordinating the activities of these two squadrons so that a maximum of fire power was gained, and casualties were held to a minimum. Captain Hallor acted with complete disregard for his own personal safety while under fire throughout the attack. In addition, Captain Hallor gave valuable assistance to an Aviation Cadet who had been wounded in obtaining medical attention. Captain Hallor showed unusual courage and bravery throughout the entire bombardment and proved himself a capable Commander in every respect. The heroism displayed by Captain Hallor on this occasion reflected great credit upon himself and the military service.

HOWE, SIDNEY C.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Sidney C. Howe, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for heroism in action while serving with the 19th Transport Squadron during the attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Technical Sergeant Howe, with utter disregard for his personal safety, in the face of overwhelming enemy aerial machine gunnery and aerial bombardment, returned the enemy fire with heroism until severely wounded by fragments of an exploding bomb, resulting in the loss of his left arm. The heroism displayed by Technical Sergeant Howe reflected great credit upon himself and the military service.

HUNT, WILBUR K.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Wilbur K. Hunt, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for heroism in action while serving with the 22d Material Squadron during the attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Technical Sergeant Hunt performed exceptionally meritorious service and displayed outstanding bravery in assisting the Squadron Commander of the 22d Material Squadron in dispersing the squadron under fire and bombardment to positions of vantage to deliver return fire and to secure adequate cover and safety, thus contributing in reducing the number of battle casualties. The heroism displayed by Technical Sergeant Hunt on this occasion reflected great credit upon himself and the military service.

JESEK, RAYMOND F.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Raymond F. Jesek, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 7th Bomber Command, during the attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Staff Sergeant Jesek, though already wounded, proceeded to drive an ambulance through strafing and bombing, picking up wounded and taking them to the hospital.

LANDON, TRUMAN H.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Truman H. Landon, Major, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action, conspicuous bravery, coolness and expert handling of his airplane while serving with the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Major Landon, Echelon Commander on a flight from Hamilton Field, California, after an all-night flight and with only a small quantity of gasoline remaining which necessitated an early landing, arrived in the vicinity of Hickam Field during the Japanese attack and was subjected to heavy anti-aircraft fire and was attacked by Japanese aircraft. Major Landon's flight was unarmed and unprepared for an attack and rather than risk damaging the aircraft under his control by landing in an inadequate, although protected field, brought about the safe landing of his flight through his skill, coolness and daring under fire.

MCBRIARITY, RAYMOND
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Raymond McBriarity, Private First Class, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 86th Observation Squadron, during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Private First Class McBriarity proceeded under fire to obtain and mount in his assigned airplane a machine gun which he then manned to deliver fire against the enemy. With complete disregard for his personal safety and during overwhelming machine gun fire of the enemy, he remained at his station until the conclusion of the raid.

MCNEILL, HENRY P., JR.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Henry P. McNeill, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 31st Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Sergeant McNeill organized a fire fighting crew during the strafing and succeeded in extinguishing fires on two planes and saving valuable equipment of the third. He then took a tug and towed the two planes to dispersed positions. Again he was subjected to extremely heavy strafing.

*MEAGHER, DONALD C.
Synopsis:
The Silver Star is presented to Donald C. Meagher, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving during the Japanese aerial attack on Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Meagher dispersed one of the attacking Japanese planes with the front guns of a grounded American airplane. He was killed when his plane was struck by an exploding shell.

MEEHAN, JOHN J.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to John J. Meehan, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Staff Sergeant Meehan was wounded during the attack but refused to disclose he was wounded until after he had dispersed the planes, which at the time of the attack were in hangers, subjected to strafing and bombing.

*MERITHEN, WILLIAM W.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to William W. Merithen, Private First Class, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Private First Class Merithen, conspicuous for his bravery, assisted in the repair of airplanes during a severe attack of bombing and strafing centered on the hangars. Private First Class Merithen was killed in this attack.

MIDDAUGH, CHARLES R.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Charles R. Middaugh, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for heroism in action while serving with the 18th Air Base Squadron, during the attack on Hickam Field by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Staff Sergeant Middaugh was a gunner on a .30 caliber machine gun during the second raid on Hickam Field. As a Japanese plane headed straight for his gun position, Staff Sergeant Middaugh took the plane under fire. Staff Sergeant Middaugh knew he was making direct hits through the use of tracer bullets. Smoke trailed from the plane which banked over Pearl Harbor and flew toward Barbers Point, appearing to be out of control. The heroism, devotion to duty and spirit of self-sacrifice displayed by Staff Sergeant Middaugh on this occasion reflected great credit upon himself and the military service.

MOORE, MALCOM A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Malcom A. Moore, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 46th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Wheeler Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese forces on Wheeler Field and vicinity at approximately 8 a.m., First Lieutenant Moore proceeded by automobile, under heavy fire, to the hangar line where he assisted in extinguishing a fire in the hangar, thereby saving aircraft and ammunition. While the aircraft was being loaded with ammunition he was continuously under enemy fire of both cannon and machine guns. As soon as his guns were loaded he immediately took off for the purpose of attacking the invading forces, without first obtaining information as to the number or type of Japanese in the attacking force, and proceeded to a position over Kaena Point where he encountered an enemy aircraft which he immediately attacked and made a number of direct hits. Due to a heavy cloud formation the enemy aircraft managed to make his escape. Unable to locate any other enemy craft he returned to Wheeler Field. First Lieutenant Moore's initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire, expert maneuvering of his plane, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden, unexpected enemy air attack.

NABORS, BONNIE V.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Bonnie V. Nabors, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for heroism in action while serving with the 19th Transport Squadron, during the attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Technical Sergeant Nabors proceeded to Hangar No. 17 where the squadron's planes were parked. The adjacent hangar, No. 15, had already been severely bombed. A plane close by had been hit and was burning rapidly and its proximity to the transport planes greatly endangered them. Noting this danger, Sergeant Nabors assisted the crew of one of the planes in rolling it back from the hangar a short distance. Although under fire by the enemy, Sergeant Nabors climbed into the plane, opened the escape hatch, and from this position assisted the pilot in taxiing the plane through debris and dense smoke to a position of comparative safety. Sergeant Nabors displayed quick thinking, bravery, coolness and a great devotion to duty by his action and was an inspiration to those who observed these acts. The heroism displayed by Technical Sergeant Nabors on this occasion reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.

NEIS, FRANCIS R.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Francis R. Neis, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 31st Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Neis, conspicuous for his bravery, with disregard for his own safety during the strafing by Japanese planes went to the aid of a wounded soldier some distance from the hangar and while returning the wounded man to the hangar was strafed by machine gun fire. Corporal Neis was hurt in the strafing, the wounded man was killed. Corporal Neis returned to the field to aid another wounded man. He was again subjected to strafing but brought this man to safety in the hangar.

PETRAKOS, CHARLES
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Charles Petrakos, Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron (N), 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Sergeant Petrakos was in the plane loading bombs when the attack started. He immediately volunteered his services as gunner and manned one of the guns on the plane and disabled another.

PHILLIPS, CLAUDE B.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Claude B. Phillips, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Technical Sergeant Phillips was helping load bombs in the plane when the bombing and strafing started. He immediately manned one of the machine guns in the plane and returned effective fire on the enemy aircraft. During the second raid, Sergeant Phillips shot down one plane and disabled another.

RASMUSSEN, PHILIP M.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Philip M. Rasmussen, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action as a Pilot of the 46th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Wheeler Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese forces on Wheeler Field and vicinity, Second Lieutenant Rasmussen took off for the purpose of attacking the invading forces, without first obtaining information as to the number or type of Japanese in the attacking force, and proceeded to patrol in the vicinity of Bellows Field, where he encountered six enemy aircraft. Though outnumbered with only three other aircraft in the flight he immediately attacked the enemy formation and shot one down in flames. He returned his plane safely to Wheeler Field although it had been damaged by enemy machine gun and cannon fire during the encounter. Lieutenant Rasmussen's presence of mind, coolness under fire against overwhelming odds in his first battle, expert maneuvering of his plane, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden enemy air attack.

ROGERS, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Robert J. Rogers, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action as a Pilot of the 47th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese forces on Wheeler Field and vicinity at approximately 8 a.m., First Lieutenant Rogers proceeded by automobile to Haleiwa Landing Field, a distance of approximately ten miles, where the planes of his squadron were stationed. As soon as his plane had been serviced he immediately took off for the purpose of attacking the invading forces, without first obtaining information as to the number or type of Japanese in the attacking force, and proceeded to patrol in the vicinity of Haleiwa, where he encountered an enemy aircraft which he immediately attacked, and when last seen by him it was disappearing into a cloud bank streaming black smoke. After this encounter, he and one other pursuit ship attacked two enemy aircraft in the vicinity of Kaena Point. While engaged in this combat his plane was hit by enemy fire. After this encounter he returned to Haleiwa and landed. First Lieutenant Rogers' initiative, presence of mind, and coolness under fire and expert maneuvering of his plane, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden, unexpected enemy air attack.

SANDERS, LEWIS M.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Lewis M. Sanders, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving as a Pilot with the 46th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Wheeler Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. During the surprise attack by Japanese forces on 7 December 1941, First Lieutenant Sanders took off with one flight for the purpose of attacking the invading forces, without first securing information as to the number or type of attacking Japanese aircraft. He proceeded to patrol the vicinity of Bellows Field, where he engaged six enemy planes. Although greatly outnumbered he succeeded in shooting down one enemy aircraft. First Lieutenant Sanders' initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire, and expert maneuvering of his plane, contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden, unexpected enemy air attack.

SHEFFIELD, WILLIAM E.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to William E. Shefield, Master Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 234th Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Master Sergeant Sheffield was conspicuous for his actions in the efforts to save several airplanes from destruction by fire.

*SMITH, HARRY K.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Harry K. Smith, Private, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Private Smith, conspicuous for bravery and courage, assisted in the repair of airplanes during the severe attacks of bombing and strafing centered on the hangers. Private Smith was killed in this attack.

SMITH, ROBERT D.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Robert D. Smith, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 31st Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Smith assisted in extinguishing two planes set afire by strafing and bombing, and saving valuable equipment from the third. After extinguishing the fires, Corporal Smith assisted in towing two airplanes to dispersed positions under extreme heavy strafing and bombing.

STODDARD, LOREN A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Loren A. Stoddard, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for heroism in action during the attack on Hickam Field by Japanese forces (aircraft) on 7 December 1941. Second Lieutenant Stoddard, a Pilot in the 19th Transport Squadron, proceeded to Hanger No. 17, where the squadron's planes were parked. The adjacent hangar, No. 15, had already been severely bombed. A plane close by had been hit and was burning rapidly and its proximity to the transport planes greatly endangered them. Noting this danger Lieutenant Stoddard, on his own initiative and without orders, started the motors of one of the planes after the crew had rolled it back from the hangar a short distance. Although under fire by the enemy, Lieutenant Stoddard, with a crew member observing for him through the escape hatch, taxied the plane through debris and smoke to a relatively safe position on the field away from the hangars. Lieutenant Stoddard displayed fast thinking, bravery, coolness and a great devotion to duty by his action and was an inspiration to all who saw him. The heroism displayed by Lieutenant Stoddard on this occasion reflected great credit upon himself and the military service.

THACKER, JOHN M.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to John M. Thacker, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action as a Pilot of the 46th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese forces on Wheeler Field and vicinity at approximately 8 a.m., Second Lieutenant Thacker proceeded by automobile to the hangar line where he joined a flight of pursuit aircraft which took off from Wheeler Field for the purpose of attacking the invading forces, without first obtaining information as to the number or type of Japanese in the attacking forces. The flight encountered an enemy formation of six aircraft in the vicinity of Bellows Field, and though the enemy force was numerically superior, Lieutenant Thacker and other members of the flight immediately attacked the enemy formation. He remained in the attack until after his guns became jammed. Lieutenant Thacker returned his plane safely to Wheeler Field though it had been hit by cannon fire during the encounter. Lieutenant Thacker's initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire against overwhelming odds in this first battle, expert maneuvering of his plane, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden enemy air attack.

TORTORA, BARNARDINA Q.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Barnardina Q. Tortora, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 23d Bombardment Squadron, 5th Bombardment Group, during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Sergeant Tortora, conspicuous for his bravery, taxied a B-18 across the runway while under heavy enemy bombing and aircraft fire to a safe dispersed position.

*VERNICK, EDWARD F.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Edward F. Vernick, Private First Class, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Private First Class Vernick, conspicuous for his bravery, assisted in repairing an airplane during the severe attack of bombing and strafing of the hangars. Private First Class Vernick was killed in this attack.

WEBSTER, JOHN J.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to John J. Webster, First Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving as a Pilot of the 47th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, at Wheeler Field and over the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, and waters adjacent thereto, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese forces on Wheeler Field and vicinity approximately 8 a.m., First Lieutenant Webster obtained a Garand rifle and ammunition and kept up a continuous fire until all enemy aircraft had disappeared. He then proceeded by automobile to Haleiwa Landing Field, a distance of approximately ten miles, where the planes of his squadron were stationed. He took off for the purpose of attacking the invading forces, without first obtaining information as to the number or type of Japanese in the attacking forces, and proceeded to patrol in the vicinity of Haleiwa, then toward Kaena Point, where he encountered two enemy aircraft. Though outnumbered he immediately attacked the enemy formation and continued to engage them until after his controls were damaged and he had received a leg wound from enemy machine gun fire. He then returned his plane safely to the field. First Lieutenant Webster's initiative, presence of mind, coolness under fire against overwhelming odds in his first battle, expert maneuvering of his plane, and determined action contributed to a large extent toward driving off this sudden, unexpected enemy air attack.

*WHITEMAN, GEORGE A.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to George A. Whiteman, Second Lieutenant (Air Corps), U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving as a Pilot of the 44th Pursuit Squadron, 18th Pursuit Group, at Bellows Field, Island of Oahu, territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. When surprised by a heavy air attack by Japanese Forces on Bellows Field and vicinity and while under fire, Second Lieutenant Whiteman attempted to take off to engage the enemy, and while so doing was shot down in flames by enemy aircraft.

YOUNG, CHARLES H.
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Charles H. Young, Corporal, U.S. Army Air Force, for gallantry in action while serving with the 42d Bombardment Squadron, 18th Pursuit Group, during the Japanese aerial attack on Hickam Field, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Corporal Young was helping load bombs in the plane when the bombing and strafing started. He immediately manned one of the machine guns in the plane and returned effective fire on the enemy aircraft. During the second raid, Corporal Young shot down one plane and disabled another.

 

Navy Awards

To Members of the U.S. Navy

KIEFER, EDWIN H.
Citation:
The Silver Star (Army) is presented to Edwin H. Kiefer, Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry in action during the Japanese aerial attack on Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Lieutenant (j.g.) Kiefer helped maintain by hand, ammunition supply to antiaircraft guns until he was overcome by smoke and fire.
Born: December 13, 1916 at Freeport, Illinois

MARSHALL, THEODORE W.
Citation:
The Silver Star (Army) is presented to Theodore W. Marshall, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry in action while serving with the Patrol Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VP-21), during the Japanese aerial attack on Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Lieutenant Marshall commandeered a truck and ferried personnel to battle stations. Later, he pursued a torpedo bomber and attacked the enemy craft for 150 miles.
Born: October 26, 1917 at Kansas City, Missouri

VAN HOOSIER, JOSEPH J.
Citation:
The Silver Star (Army Award) is presented to Joseph J. Van Hoosier, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for meritorious conduct at the peril of his own life during the attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on 7 December 1941. After having saved his own life by swimming from the capsized U.S.S. UTAH (AG-16) to the shore of Ford Island, Seaman Second Class Van Hoosier heard cries of distress from his shipmates in the water. In spite of enemy strafing and bombing and while in full uniform, he immediately swam back towards the ship and succeeded in rescuing Harold H. Ray, Seaman Second Class, USN, bringing him to the shore. Immediately thereafter he made at least four more trips to the ship's side, assisting a shipmate in distress each time. His initiative, courage, presence of mind and unselfishness were in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.

 

To Members of the U.S. Marine Corps

SHAPLEY, ALAN
Citation:
The Silver Star is presented to Alan Shapley (0-4272), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for gallant and courageous conduct during the attack on the United States Pacific Fleet by enemy Japanese forces in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, while on board the U.S.S. ARIZONA (BB-39), on 7 December 1941. While swimming toward Ford Island after his ship had been bombed and set afire by the enemy, Major Shapley noticed a shipmate in distress in the water and about to go under. With no thought for his own safety, he braved the hazards of continuous enemy strafing and bombing to swim to the assistance of his helpless shipmate and, although exhausted himself, persisted in his efforts until he finally succeeded in bringing him safely ashore. His heroic action, performed at great peril to his own life, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1941)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

 

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What Does 
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FOOTNOTES
In
HISTORY

NEW
Looking for a Hero or trying to verify awards? We have posted the names of more than 120,000 recipients of the highest awards in a BRAND NEW FREE SECTION
DECORATIONS 1862 - Present
.

Military Medals & Awards 

Information and Images of ALL Military Medals
The Purple Heart 
How to Request Records/Medals Earned
  How to Obtain Military Records of a Family Member 

Honor Roll of America's Military Heroes


Brevet Medal


DSC 


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Air Force Cross 

Distinguished Service Medals

Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force - Coast Guard - Merchant Marine



Silver Star

U.S. History and Information
The History Room | U.S. Flag HistoryHistory of the Flag |
How to Display the Flag
| The National Anthem | The Pledge of Allegiance The American Creed | The Seal of our Nation | Our National Symbol
Arthur MacArthur's Flag | William Carney's Flag | FDR's Flag of Liberation]

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SEARCH
bn_search.jpg (3967 bytes)
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***
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This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public!


 

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