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Citations For
U.S. Army 
Awards of the Silver Star

for 
Conspicuous Gallantry
in Action During

WORLD WAR II

Posted April 2008 - Next Scheduled Update: September 2008

World War II ARMY Silver Star Citations

A-F  G-L  M-R  S-Z

 

M

MACIEWICZ, ANTHONY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Anthony Maciewicz (0-887413), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with the 9th Infantry Division, on 22 December 1944, during operations in Germany. First Lieutenant Maciewicz' actions reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: North Carolina


MACLACHLAN, IAN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Ian M. MacLachlan (0-1010232), Major (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany from 27 March 1945 to 14 April 1945. Major MacLachlan, Battalion Operations Officer, was habitually with the advance elements of the task force, coordinating the movement of the combined arms. He personally directed troops in the occupation of important Nazi party headquarters. On two occasions he personally directed available troops in successful defeat of counterattacks. Throughout the operation he displayed outstanding personal courage and leadership. Without regard for his own safety, he constantly exposed himself to enemy fire and his actions were an inspiration to all. His actions reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 24 (May 3, 1945)
Home Town: Michigan


MAEDA, TAKEMATSU JOE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Takematsu Joe Maeda (30104524), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 17 July 1944, in the vicinity of Luciana, Italy. Private First Class Maeda crept forward 90 yards through a barrage of mortar, artillery and sniper fire with a rocket grenade launcher to fire one round at a tank that was holding up his company's advance in the northern section of the town. Although he failed to disable the tank, he caused it to withdraw, opening a hole in the enemy defense. Earlier, in the same attack, he and two of his comrades knocked out two machine gun nests, killing four German soldiers with hand grenades and rifles despite continuous harassing sniper fire. The courage and aggressiveness displayed by Private First Class Maeda was of inestimable value in the company's successful attack.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 123 (November 4, 1944)
Home Town: Waipahu, Oahu, Hawaii
Personal Awards: Silver Star w/OLC (WWII)


MAFFEI, SAMUEL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Samuel J. Maffei (31077739), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 33d Armored Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 18 April 1945, in Germany. Technician Fifth Grade Maffei's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Massachusetts


MAHONEY, WILLIAM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William C. Mahoney (0-23486), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 49th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade, on 6 June 1944, in France. Lieutenant Colonel Mahoney landed on D-Day and crossed the beach with complete disregard for his personal safety to supervise the disposition of the units of the Brigade in their secondary role. He directed fire on ground installations in support of assault infantry of the 16th and 18th Combat Teams of the 1st Division which culminated in the successful clearance of the heights commanding the beach. Observing that six half tracks had been abandoned on an LST and were under heavy enemy fire, Lieutenant Colonel Mahoney recruited six men to clear the half tracks from the LST. In the process, Lieutenant Colonel Mahoney was seriously wounded, but exemplifying coolness and aggressiveness, continued to fulfill his mission until evacuated to the United Kingdom later in the day.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 45 (August 9, 1944)
Home Town: Georgia


*MAIDMENT, ANTHONY H. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Anthony H. Maidment (0-1010740), Captain (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 18th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 25 January 1945. During the attack on a very strongly-held enemy position in Berg, Germany, the Company Commander and the first platoon leader were wounded. Captain Maidment, the battalion S-3, on his own initiative took command of Company D and directed it into position so that the attack was continued. Later the same day the second platoon leader's tank became seriously damaged. In order that a planned assault by the platoon with combined infantry might be made against the strongly-held position, Captain Maidment mounted the second tank and led the assault. When within 100 yards of the enemy position his tank was hit by an enemy anti-tank rocket and Captain Maidment was killed. Captain Maidment's initiative, courageous leadership and heroic devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 1 (February 8, 1945)
Home Town: Illinois


MAIER, NORBUT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Norbut J. Maier (35871183), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division near Palo, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 20 October 1944. The company of which Private Maier is a member was pinned down by enemy machine gun and sniper fire from a well-fortified pillbox. Two men were wounded and were exposed to enemy fire. They called for an aid man, but none were available. Private Maier, at the risk of his own life, crawled approximately 15 yards in the face of enemy sniper fire to assist the wounded men to safety and to administer first aid. Private Maier's outstanding courage displayed in saving the lives of his comrades, reflects highest credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Cincinnati, Ohio


MAJORS, JAMES P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James P. Majors (0-351046), Captain (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 39th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On the night of 12 - 13 August 1943, in the vicinity of Randazzo, Sicily, when Captain Majors learned that four of his men had been killed and eight others wounded while establishing and maintaining an advance command post and communications switch, he personally went forward under heavy enemy shellfire and directed and assisted in the evacuation of the casualties. This act was accomplished under extremely harassing enemy artillery and machine gun fire over terrain that was filled with anti-personnel mines. With utter disregard for his personal safety and with full knowledge of these conditions, Captain Majors proceeded into this area and evacuated his dead and wounded and in doing so was himself, wounded by an enemy mine. Despite this injury, he made two trips under shellfire to complete his mission and returned a third time to bring rations to the remaining members of the advance command post detail. This exceptionally brave act and the repeated trips forward to care and provide for the soldiers of his command mark Captain Majors as an officer whose leadership, bravery and devotion to duty are in keeping with the finest traditions of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (September 27, 1943)
Home Town: Laurens, South Carolina


*MAKISHI, MATSUTADA (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Matsutada Makishi (30100465), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company F, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on ** November 1943, in Italy. Sergeant Makishi was ordered to take his squad across the **** River and to establish an outpost line there. Upon reaching the opposite bank, several of his men stepped on anti-personnel mines, and it was discovered that the entire area was heavily mined and booby-trapped. In the darkness, his squad dispersed and became disorganized. Sergeant Makishi, realizing the importance of his mission and with full knowledge of attendant dangers, combed the area, personally located each member, and reorganized his squad. Then, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, he took the lead and led his squad single-file through the minefield, located the outpost line and posted his men. Sergeant Makishi's devotion to duty and leadership in the face of grave danger was an inspiration to his comrades and a credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 6 (January 25, 1944)
Born: September 4, 1916 at Makaweli, Kauai, Hawaii
Home Town: Makaweli, Kauai, Hawaii


MAKSYMOWICZ, CHESTER J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Chester J. Maksymowicz (6973904), First Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company G, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Troina, Sicily, on 3 August 1943. First Sergeant Maksymowicz, disregarding heavy enemy fire, skillfully and fearlessly led his company across an uncharted enemy minefield protecting enemy emplacements. His dauntless courage, heroic daring, and aggressive leadership enabled his unit to launch a successful attack.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York


MALONE, ROBERT A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert A. Malone (34570343), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 3 April 1945. Sergeant Malone, Assistant Squad Leader of a machine gun squad, was placing a security outpost. When the squad was fired upon Sergeant Malone quickly reorganized his men and returned fire, driving the enemy back. When the squad was ordered to a cellar for protection from an expected artillery barrage he remained on guard outside. While thus occupied Sergeant Malone was wounded. Ignoring his wound, he organized his men for a defense and remained on guard throughout the night. His courage and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 76 (July 27, 1945)
Home Town: Georgia


MALPASS, PAUL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Paul J. Malpass (39327377), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 741st Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 14 April 1945. Speeding across some 1500 yards of open ground completely exposed to withering enemy artillery and small arms fire, Corporal Malpass went to the rescue of three seriously wounded soldiers despite the fact that four other jeeps had been knocked out and their occupants captured in previous attempts to get through with ammunition. Unaided, he placed the wounded in his jeep and again made the perilous trip to return them to safety and vital medical attention. Corporal Malpass' courage and complete disregard for his own personal safety reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 95 (September 7, 1945)
Home Town: Oregon


MANCUSO, ANDREW J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Andrew J. Mancuso (32193682), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 8 March 1945. While his mortar platoon was supporting an infantry company, Sergeant Mancuso reconnoitered a route over which he could move ammunition to the mortar position. While crossing open terrain, the supply patrol was subjected to intense mortar and machine gun fire. As they were nearing a completion of their mission, Sergeant Mancuso saw that a nearby rifleman was wounded. He left the only available cover and went to the aid of the wounded infantryman. Under a hail of enemy fire he dressed the man's wounds, then carried him to a sheltered position, remaining with him until this position drew fire. He then carried the wounded rifleman across 150 yards of open terrain to a small woods where he was delivered to medical aid men. Sergeant Mancuso's actions reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 76 (July 27, 1945)
Home Town: New York


MANN, EARL H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Earl H. Mann (39721747), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 22d Tank Battalion, 11th Armored Division, on 19 April 1945, near Grafenwohr, Germany. While serving as a member of the reconnaissance platoon, Private Mann, disregarding his own personal safety, dashed fifty yards across an open square to a building from which sniper fire was being received and, after a fire fight, killed the enemy sniper. Upon leaving the building Private Mann spotted four enemy soldiers proceeding through a corridor and opened fire on them, wounding one and capturing the other three. The actions of Private Mann made it possible for the advancing elements to proceed on their mission. His gallant courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Army.
Headquarters, 11th Armored Division, General Orders No. 91 (1945)
Home Town: California


MANTELOSKY, CHESTER C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Chester C. Mantolesky (ER31455679), Master Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in Bastogne, Belgium on 26 December 1944 while assigned to Headquarters Company, 318th Infantry Regiment, 80th Infantry Division. As lead scout of the Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon, Master Sergeant (the Private) Mantolesky bravely rose to his feet and boldly exposed himself to enemy fire to achieve the only possible flanking movement when the advance of the Company was halted by intense small arms and mortar fire in its efforts to open a supply route to Bastogne. Undaunted by sniper fire, Master Sergeant Mantolesky advanced in short rushes, located and killed two enemy snipers, and enabled the Company to advance and accomplish its important mission. Sergeant Mantolesky's outstanding courage, exemplary conduct in the face of enemy danger, and disregard for his own life and personal safety are in the best traditions of the United States Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.
Department of the Army, General Orders No. 12 (March 15, 1962)


MARASCO, NICHOLAS L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Nicholas L. Marasco (32135528), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division near Palo, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 30 October 1944. A company of infantry was attacked by a numerically superior enemy force inflicting many casualties. Sergeant Marasco, squad leader, exposed himself to the intense hostile fire to place his men in positions from which they could cover the evacuation of the wounded. When this was accomplished, he personally evacuated wounded men under enemy fire. After all the casualties had been safely evacuated, Sergeant Marasco moved to an exposed position from which he could effectively cover the withdrawal of his men, leaving only when the last of his men had reached safety. Sergeant Marasco's able leadership and fearless courage is worthy of the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Honeoye, New York


*MARCH, EDWIN F. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Edwin F. March (36721995), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 March 1945. While serving with a task force, Private March observed an accompanying tank hit by enemy artillery. He dashed across open ground under a heavy artillery barrage and aided in removing the wounded tank commander to safety. He then returned to the stricken vehicle and helped another wounded crew member to safety after which he returned to his squad to continue with its operation. During a subsequent enemy barrage, and while serving as security, Private March was fatally wounded. His courage and devotion beyond the call of duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 86 (August 10, 1945)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


MAREK, DELFIN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Delfin E. Marek (0-1062691), First Lieutenant (Infantry), [then Second Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company C, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 20 April 1945, at about 0530 hours, in Nurnburg, Germany, when his platoon was fired on at a range of fifty yards by an enemy machine gun and fifteen supporting riflemen armed with Panzerfaust, First Lieutenant Marek dashed toward the enemy. Although stunned by the explosion of a Panzerfaust that burst within ten feet of him, and barely missed by enemy bullets, he continued to within twenty yards of the enemy and killed two and wounded several of their number with his carbine in a swift exchange. Then, signaling his men to follow, he led them in a swift, vicious charge killing three, wounding four, and forcing the remaining enemy to flee.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Campo, Texas


MARIANI, ENRIQUE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Enrique Mariani (32193241), Sergeant [then Corporal], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with an Armored unit in France on 27 July 1944. As his tank reached its objective, Sergeant Mariani observed the tank to his rear hit and burst in to flames. Without regard for his own safety, he dashed across an open field under heavy small arms and artillery fire to the burning vehicle. There, despite exploding ammunition, he succeeded in removing two seriously wounded men and moving them to safety. His courage and devotion to duty without regard for his own safety reflects great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 78 (July 31, 1945)
Home Town: New York


MARINUCCI, ALBERT A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Albert A. Marinucci (35534692), Technician Fourth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 230th Field Artillery Battalion, 30th Infantry Division, on 27 February 1945, in Germany. During an attack, the infantry force with which Technician Marinucci's forward observation party was serving was pinned down by fire from two enemy tanks. Despite this severe fire, Technician Marinucci and his comrades crawled to a ditch and began directing artillery fire on them. Although the tanks moved toward their position, he and his comrades continued directing fire. When the tanks withdrew, the infantry immediately secured their objective. Then later, when eight enemy tanks massed for a counter-attack, Technician Marinucci and his comrades remained in a hazardous position and directed artillery fire on the tanks, forcing them to withdraw.
Headquarters, 30th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 131 (1945)
Home Town: Ohio


MARMON, EDWIN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edwin A. Marmon (0-524139), Second Lieutenant (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division, 1800 yards northeast of Limon, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 11 - 12 November 1944. Lieutenant Marmon demonstrated the highest traits desired in an officer, by moving beyond the infantry front line, under fire, and directing artillery successfully against the enemy. He was wounded, but remained at his post for approximately 17 hours and continued to adjust the greatly needed artillery fire, and left his post only after having been ordered to return to the rear for medical attention. Lieutenant Marmon's utter disregard for his personal safety and high devotion to duty, reflect the greatest credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Springfield, New Jersey


MARN, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward J. Marn, Second Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company D, 386th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. Near Franzenbad, Germany, on 26 April 1945, Lieutenant Marn. an 81-mm. mortar section leader supporting a rifle company in attack laid 400 yards of wire in the face of intense small arms and artillery fire to a forward observation post which he established and maintained. His gallant conduct on this occasion materially aided the advance of his company and reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 37 (June 10, 1945)
Home Town: Montana


MARR, LESTER V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Lester V. Marr (36427001), First Sergeant [then Staff Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company A, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 11 April 1945. First Sergeant Marr and his squad were pinned down by machine gun and heavy artillery fire. Seeing one of his men wounded, he ran across an open field and succeeded in evacuating the man to safety. When his platoon leader was killed he assumed full command of the platoon and held off strong counterattacks. The order came for the platoon to be withdrawn and Sergeant Marr accomplished this without the loss of a man, many of whom were already wounded. His devotion to duty and bravery under fire were inspiring and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 30 (May 9, 1945)
Home Town: Chandlerville, Illinois


MARTENS, WALTER A. J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Walter A. J. Martens (0-1016501), First Lieutenant (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop C, 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 30 March 1945. Lieutenant Martens personally led his reconnaissance platoon at the head of a task force. When his armored car, in the lead position, came under fire, he manned a machine gun and wiped out two enemy positions. Continuing the advance, his force came under artillery and mortar fire. He located two enemy anti-tank weapons, directed his fire on them, and notified following tanks of their position. His harassing fire forced the anti-tank gun crews into the open where they were destroyed by the tank which came up to aid the reconnaissance platoon. Although wounded himself, Lieutenant Martens refused medical aid until his task force was ordered to hold its position later in the day. His courage and devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 79 (August 2, 1945)
Home Town: Sheldon, Iowa


MARTIN, ELDON E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Eldon E. Martin (35613871), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 119th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, on 25 March 1945, in Germany. When enemy fire struck Private Martin's mortar squad's vehicle it began burning and the crew abandoned it. Realizing it was imperative that the mortar and ammunition be saved, Private Martin immediately began to extinguish the flames. The enemy directed intense fire at him but he courageously persevered until the blaze was extinguished. He then drove to his assigned position and the squad was soon adjusting fire on the enemy positions. Private Martin's heroic actions reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 30th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 137 (June 1, 1945)
Home Town: Ohio


*MARTIN, FERDINAND M. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Ferdinand M. Martin (32056923), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Medical Aidman in the 39th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On 11 August 1943, in the vicinity of *****, Sicily, with complete disregard for personal safety, Staff Sergeant Martin passed through what he knew to be a heavily mined area to render first aid to men who had been injured by anti-personnel mine explosions. While he was bringing aid and relief to the injured men, another enemy mine exploded and Staff Sergeant Martin was killed. His personal courage and bravery have been an inspiration to all who witnessed his actions and his devotion to duty upholds the highest traditions of the Army of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (September 27, 1943)
Home Town: Terrace Union, New Jersey


*MARTIN, JOSEPH THOMAS (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Joseph Thomas Martin (37703556), First Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving with Company A, 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion, 1st Airborne Task Force, in action against the enemy near Fort La Force and Fort Mille Fourches, France, on 1 November 1944. Private Martin was with a twelve man patrol on a mission to determine the strength and disposition of enemy positions. While the patrol was en route it was suddenly fired upon by enemy machine guns and rifles, and was unable to advance or withdraw in the face of the intense fire. The members of the patrol jumped from the road and proceeded down a steep, snow-covered slope toward another road two hundred and fifty yards below. Upon reaching this road the patrol leader discovered that several men were wounded and one man was missing. The missing soldier was seen lying in the snow about two hundred yards up the hill. The patrol leader called for two volunteers to return for the wounded man. Private Martin and another soldier, well knowing the dangers involved, promptly volunteered, immediately left their place of comparative safety, and began the slow torturous climb back up the steep, snow-covered slope. On their way up the hill they were again fired upon, and as they crawled to within a few yards of the wounded man, they saw him get hit by a burst of machine gun fire. Still determined, the two men crawled on, reached the soldier and dragged him down the slope, where, a few minutes later, he died from the many wounds he had received. Private Martin's gallant actions in attempting the save the life of a wounded comrade are in keeping with the traditions of the military service. Entered the military service from Trinidad, Colorado.
Home Town: Trinidad, Colorado


MASAOKA, AKIRA I.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Akira I. Masaoka (39162289), Technician Fourth Grade, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 26 June 1944 and 11 July 1944, in the vicinity of Suvereto and Castellina, Italy. When four men of a company mortar squad were severely wounded by a direct hit, Technician Fourth Class Masaoka left his position of cover, crawled forty yards through intense 88-mm. and small arms fire over exposed ground and rendered first aid. Aided by men who were inspired by his exemplary actions, Technician Fourth Grade Masaoka improvised litters and evacuated the wounded through the continuous barrage. On another occasion, Technician Fourth Grade was himself seriously wounded by 24 pieces of 88-mm. shell fragments when he went to the aid of a mortally wounded comrade. The courage and devotion to duty of Technician Fourth Grade Masaoka gained for him the respect and admiration of all the men in his organization.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 123 (November 4, 1944)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


MASARIK, EMIL W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Emil W. Masarik (35921680), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. Forced to withdraw, Private Masarik carried to safety a severely wounded officer. This he accomplished despite heavy enemy fire. Throughout the night he administered first aid to the wounded. Private Masarik's courage and devotion beyond the call of duty reflect great credit on himself and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 20 (April 22, 1945)
Home Town: Maple Heights, Ohio


MASTERS, JOHN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John A. Masters (37093265), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with Battery B, 83d Armored Field Artillery Battalion, in action against the enemy on 16 January 1945, in Belgium. Corporal Masters' outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army.
Headquarters, VII Corps, General Orders No. 8 (March 8, 1945)
Home Town: Minnesota


*MASUOKA, PETER S. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Peter S. Masuoka (37344728), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 3 November 1944, in the vicinity of Biffontaine, France. When his company was subjected to an intense artillery barrage, Sergeant Masuoka volunteered to lead a squad of litter bearers in the evacuation of several casualties. Exposing himself to terrific artillery fire, he skillfully administered first aid and evacuated the wounded. While working on a wounded comrade, Sergeant Masuoka was killed by enemy shellfire. Inspired by his courageous action, which was performed at the sacrifice of his life, his litter bearers continued administering first aid to the remaining casualties, successfully treating them and evacuating all the wounded men of the company. His actions, without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 7th Army, General Orders No. 17 (January 24, 1945)
Born: January 7, 1921 at Sonoma, California
Home Town: Sebastopol, California


MATAYOSHI, SHINYEI
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Shinyei Matayoshi (30103657), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company G, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, in action against enemy forces on 14 July 1944, in the vicinity of Pieve di S. Luce, Italy. During an attack by his company, the leading elements wee pinned down by machine gun fire and rifle fire, whereupon Sergeant Matayoshi voluntarily crawled forward over open ground exposed to enemy fire to a point within 15 yards of the machine gun emplacement. Although the enemy continued firing the machine gun and throwing grenades at him, Sergeant Matayoshi calmly trained his Thompson sub-machine gun on the enemy in the machine gun pit, pinning them down temporarily. He then threw one hand grenade which fell short, then another which scored a direct hit, killing one and mortally wounding another. Immediately the wounded enemy surrendered followed by three other riflemen who were supporting the machine gun emplacement. The outstanding courage displayed by Sergeant Matayoshi is a distinct credit to himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 92 (September 3, 1944)

MATAYOSHI, SHINYEI
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star Medal to Shinyei Matayoshi (30103657), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company G, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 7 November 1944, in the vicinity of La Roussiere, France. Sergeant Matayoshi exposed himself to hostile observation in order to clear a path through a minefield which was impeding his company's advance. As he proceeded to work in the mined area, an enemy machine gun suddenly opened up at him and the man immediately behind him. Determined to silence the enemy machine gun so that friendly troops could advance, Sergeant Matayoshi, whose weapon had jammed, crawled toward the machine gun, taking advantage of what cover and concealment he could find. When he was within throwing distance of the enemy emplacement he threw his grenades, and with the aid of his bazooka team which fired bazookas at the proximity of the grenade explosions, forced the two-man machine gun crew to surrender.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 10, (February 22, 1945)
Home Town: Makaweli, Kauai, Hawaii
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII)


*MATSUMURA, RENKICHI (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Renkichi Matsumura (30105547), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company E, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, on 29 October 1944 near Halley, France. When his company encountered intense enemy fire while attacking a strongly defended hill, Private Matsumura crawled under concentrated hostile fire to a point within thirty yards of an automatic weapon dugout. Firing his bazooka, he destroyed the emplacement. Pressing onward, he continued to fire his bazooka at enemy positions until his ammunition was exhausted. Hurling two hand grenades, he neutralized another enemy gun position. He then picked up a discarded rifle and pursued the enemy until the hill was completely occupied by his company. The courageous actions of Private Matsumura were an inspiration to all and exemplify the finest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 5th Army, General Orders No. 89 (July 17, 1945)
Born: February 22, 1922 at Hilo, Hawaii
Home Town: Hilo, Hawaii


*MATTFELDT, JOHN P. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to John P. Mattfeldt (0-25949), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company M, 387th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On an assault on the city of Egar, Czechoslovakia on 25 April 1945, Lieutenant Mattfeldt, commanding a platoon of machine guns attached to the leading elements of the assault forces, came under heavy enemy fire from two nearby strong points. Putting his gun into operation, Lieutenant Mattfeldt forced the withdrawal of the enemy troops and continued the advance across a ravine in the face of enemy machine gun fire for a distance of 75 yards. He entered the city with the first troops and encountered heavy fire which halted the advance. Fearlessly moving ahead of the riflemen, Lieutenant Mattfeldt placed heavy fire on the enemy while moving down a fire swept street. Deploying his guns at an important intersection Lieutenant Mattfeldt was killed by a sudden burst of fire from concealed enemy positions. His gallantry in this action for which he made the supreme sacrifice reflected great credit upon himself and the armed forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 39 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Bexar County, Texas
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII)


MATTHEWS, JAMES L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James L. Matthews (35205633), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company G, 274th Infantry Regiment, 70th Infantry Division, on 3 March 1945, in Stiring Wendel, France. The advance of Private First Class Mathews' platoon was held up by machine gun fire. Observing the location of the enemy, he crawled to within a few yards of the emplacement and fired a rifle grenade directly into the position, killing or wounding its occupants. Private First Class Matthews' courageous action eliminated the enemy gun position and enabled his platoon to advance to its objective.
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (May 14, 1945)
Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia


MATTHEWS, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert J. Matthews, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company L, 413th Infantry Regiment, 104th Infantry Division, in Germany on 24 February 1945. When his platoon was pinned down in the open by enemy machine guns with superior fire power, Private First Class Matthews immediately put his light machine gun into action. At one point he voluntarily rushed twenty yards into the face of the enemy to gain a better position in order to cover the withdrawal of his comrades while the enemy concentrated to knock him out. His gallant action exemplifies the finest traditions of the American combat soldier.
Headquarters, 104th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 171 (1945)


MAXWELL, ROBERT DALE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert Dale Maxwell (37330616), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 31 January 1944, at about 0330 hours, the Battalion OP was heavily shelled by artillery, and fragments were cutting all wire communications. Private First Class Maxwell and several wiremen immediately began repairing the lines. As the concentration became even more intense, it forced the wiremen to take cover. Although shells landed within 20 yards of him, wounding two men seriously and himself receiving a fragment wound in the leg, Private First Class Maxwell alone, and with utter disregard for his personal safety or serious injury, remained on the line maintaining communication by repairing wire lines to the Battalion OP and forward elements. For over three hours he remained under this intense enemy fire. Later he was ordered to the Battalion Aid Station and was immediately evacuated to a hospital. His gallant conduct and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 41 (March 23, 1944)

MAXWELL, ROBERT DALE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star Medal to Robert Dale Maxwell (37330616), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 7 September 1944, at 0100 hours, near Besancon, France, Technician Fifth Grade Maxwell voluntarily climbed the roof of a house, under heavy fire from hostile 20-mm. cannon and three machine guns, to lay an overhead wire crossing and thereby provide communications for his Battalion CP. Although still lame from an unhealed leg wound sustained in a previous campaign, Technician Fifth Grade Maxwell climbed to the ridgepole while machine gun bullets cut the roofing at his feet, and looped his wire over a radio antenna. Returning to the ground he volunteered to complete the overhead crossing by climbing a second house top. He proceeded on hands and knees toward the ridgepole, while shells crumbled the roofing a few yards from his foot. By completing his mission, he provided the Battalion Commander with instantaneous communications essential to the direction of the assault companies in the attack.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 40 (February 9, 1945)
Born: October 26, 1920 at Boise, Idaho
Home Town: Larimer County, Colorado
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 2@ Silver Stars (WWII)


MAYNARD, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Charles E. Maynard (35077013), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company I, 275th Infantry Regiment, 70th Infantry Division, on 19 February 1945, at Spicheren, France. During a fierce counterattack by three enemy companies, his platoon leader wounded, Staff Sergeant Maynard held the unit firmly in position. Upon the final withdrawal of the hostile forces, he, and a comrade, broke forth from the defensive position and charged after the enemy with submachine-guns firing, killing eight. Staff Sergeant Maynard's vigorous prosecution of the successful operation was further evident in the 28 enemy dead which littered the platoon area.
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 22 (March 23, 1945)
Home Town: Catlettsburg, Kentucky


MAYO, HERSHEL V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Hershel V. Mayo (35774560), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company B, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. When enemy troops approached his company's position on a hill top overlooking St. Die, France, on the afternoon of 28 October 1944, Private First Class Mayo, 60-mm. mortar gunner, ran 200 yards forward to intercept them and killed one and wounded one with sub-machine gun fire. He then opened fire on another enemy group 30 yards distant, killing three and wounding two more enemy. After alerting the company, Private First Class Mayo further disorganized the enemy with mortar fire enabling the company to drive the enemy attack off with heavy casualties.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Kenova, West Virginia


MAZO, JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John Mazo (16064627), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 3 April 1945. Sergeant Mazo and his squad had taken shelter in a cellar from an expected artillery barrage. When the enemy attacked, he organized his men to defend their position and personally guarded the door, preventing the enemy from making a successful charge. He then crawled up on two enemy machine gun positions, wiping out enemy troops manning the guns, and recovering the guns. After Sergeant Mazo had directed a successful defense of the position for six hours the enemy withdrew. His courage and devotion to duty without regard for his own safety reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 86 (August 10, 1945)
Home Town: New York

Mc

McARTHUR, STUART C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Stuart C. McArthur (0-1115465), First Lieutenant (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with Company C, 238th Engineer Combat Battalion, in action against the enemy on 9 October 1944, in Germany. First Lieutenant McArthur's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army.
Headquarters, VII Corps, General Orders No. 8 (March 8, 1945)
Home Town: Michigan


McCALL, HOBBY H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Hobby H. McCall (0-422737), Captain (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters, 2d Battalion, 359th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division, on 26 July 1944, near *****, France. On that date, a company in Captain McCall's battalion suffered exceptionally heavy casualties when crossing the ****** River. All of the officers of the company with the exception of a second lieutenant became casualties. Captain McCall, S-3 of the battalion, was sent forward to assume command of the company, reorganize it and continue the attack. Without regard for his own safety and while still under heavy enemy artillery, mortar fire and fire from tanks, he joined the company and went about, personally exposing himself to fire, regrouping the men and encouraging them in the attack. After reorganizing the unit he placed himself at the head of the company and led it in an assault which finally gained the objective although nearly 50% of the effective strength of the company had become casualties in the effort. Captain McCall was wounded in the action and later evacuated but not until the company had reached its objective. This gallant action was a fine example of outstanding courage and devotion to duty and was a fine example of the best traditions of the military spirit.
Headquarters, 90th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 42 (August 20, 1944)
Born: May 16, 1919 at Dallas, Texas
Home Town: Dallas, Texas


McCARTHY, PAUL N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Paul N. McCarthy (0-1044892), Captain, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 467th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion (SP), on 6 June 1944, in France. On D-Day, Captain McCarthy's battery was subjected to concentrated 88-mm. and mortar fire. Many vehicles carrying vital supplies of ammunition received direct hits. The resulting fires and explosions threatened the lives of his men and necessitated the constant shifting of the vehicles. At great personal risk, Captain McCarthy, braving the heavy enemy fire, personally directed the unloading of ammunition and the evacuation of the vehicles. By his heroic actions and courageous leadership, Captain McCarthy reflected great credit on himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 10 (January 17, 1945)
Home Town: Massachusetts


McCLAIN, GEORGE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George J. McClain (31232462), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company D, 119th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, on 29 July 1944, in France. Sergeant McClain was directing the fire of his section when he saw one of his men wounded as he crossed open ground. He immediately went to his comrade's aid and, despite the hail of enemy fire directed at him, dragged the wounded man to safety. Sergeant McClain then returned through the fire to aid another wounded man. Although he was wounded in four places himself, he ignored the pain and helped carry the man for one mile to an aid station.
Headquarters, 30th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 137 (June 1, 1945)
Home Town: Massachusetts
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


McCLAIN, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William H. McClain (33668208), Technical Sergeant [then Staff Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 58th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Holland and Germany on 26 February 1945 and 28 March 1945. When the radio operator was fatally wounded, Technical Sergeant McClain voluntarily returned more than four hundred yards under intense fire to secure the radio equipment and maintain communications with the main force. Later he returned over the same route to secure food for his platoon. On another occasion Sergeant McClain voluntarily went alone, under cover of darkness, into territory from which his platoon had been forced to withdraw because of superior forces. He reconnoitered a bridge across a canal and gained necessary information which enabled another company to successfully cross. He then led a patrol into enemy territory. Without regard for his own safety he advanced to give aid to a wounded member of the patrol. His courage and devotion to duty were an inspiration to all and reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 79 (August 2, 1945)
Home Town: Pennsylvania


*McCLURE, HOMER (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Homer McClure (34140031), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division at Mainit River, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 28 October 1944. On this day the enemy was strongly entrenched on the northwest bank of Mainit River, holding the bridge on Highway No. 2 and covering the road with intense automatic fire. A company of infantry made an envelopment of the enemy's left flank and overcame all opposition until an enemy machine gun at the northwest end of the bridge halted the advance with deadly accurate fire. Private McClure, seeing the enemy machine gun had pinned down a portion of his platoon and had caused some casualties, worked his way forward to a position from which he could observe the enemy emplacement. He raised himself to a kneeling position and fired his rifle at a range of 30 yards into the machine gun position. After exhausting one clip of ammunition he fell to the ground mortally wounded. His heroic attempt to destroy the one remaining position holding up the company's advance made possible a flanking maneuver by several other men which destroyed the position. Private McClure's bravery and disregard for his personal survival are worthy of the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee


McCRACKEN, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William H. McCracken (32847001), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 299th Engineer Combat Battalion on 21 December 1944, in Belgium. Under cover of darkness the enemy emplaced two machine guns at the rear of Sergeant McCracken's platoon, blocking the only avenue of escape. At great risk, he crawled alone toward the Germans. After ascertaining the location of the guns which were firing upon him, he placed effective rifle fire upon the emplacement, killing both members of one gun crew and forcing the second crew to withdraw.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 29 (February 17, 1945)
Home Town: New York


*McCREADY, KENNETH C. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Kenneth C. McCready (39207037), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company E, 276th Infantry Regiment, 70th Infantry Division, on 12 and 22 February 1945. When his attacking company encountered fortified enemy defensive positions on 12 February near Gaubiving, France, Staff Sergeant McCready twice volunteered to two night reconnaissance patrols. In each instance he courageously crawled forward under intense enemy fire and with hand grenades, destroyed enemy strong points, thereby enabling the patrols to complete the missions. On 22 February near Forbach, France, when two platoons became separated, Staff Sergeant McCready volunteered to re-establish contact between the platoons despite the known danger of enemy snipers. Shortly after proceeding on this mission he was instantly killed by enemy sniper fire. His gallant actions exemplify the highest standards of courage in the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 93 (August 11, 1945)
Home Town: Snohomish, Washington


*McDANIEL, CLYDE (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Clyde McDaniel (34966174), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 422d Infantry Regiment, 106th Infantry Division, on 16 to 21 December 1944, in Belgium. Corporal Doerr was a member of a volunteer patrol whose mission was to contact and lead to safety members of his regiment who became cut off and surrounded near Schenberg, Belgium. For five days he served with this patrol in a courageous manner. Operating under enemy observation and constant fire, this patrol was successful in reaching and guiding to safety some fifty American soldiers. During this period much vital enemy information was obtained, an enemy propaganda machine destroyed and numerous prisoners captured. The heroic action of Corporal McDaniel reflects credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 38 (May 22, 1946)
Home Town: South Carolina


McDOWELL, MARION G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Marion G. McDowell (36049932), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company L, 275th Infantry Regiment, 70th Infantry Division, on 22 February 1945, in the Pfaffen Wald Forest, France. After he had courageously moved his bazooka team into position to attack approaching enemy tanks, a direct hit from an enemy tank instantly killed the two bazooka men and shattered Sergeant McDowell's left arm. He had withdrawn to cover and was working his way to the rear when he observed a wounded comrade who lay still exposed to the murderous tank fire. Hampered by his wounds, which had rendered his left arm completely useless, he braved direct fire from the tanks to move to the wounded man and drag him to safety. Later, his shattered arm still unattended, he assisted a group of walking wounded to the aid station.
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 18 (March 16, 1945)
Home Town: Barnhill, Illinois


McFADYEN, WILLIAM A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William A. McFadyen (35403503), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. Sergeant McFadyen was Platoon Sergeant of a platoon ordered to seize houses of an enemy-held town. During the advance under heavy enemy fire, Sergeant McFadyen stood on the hood of a half-track and fed ammunition into a machine gun. Later in the action when members of his platoon were cut off, they barricaded themselves in a building. Twice during the night Sergeant McFadyen left the building, exposing himself to enemy sniper and machine gun fire, to personally assure the safety of his companions. Sergeant McFadyen constantly acted without consideration for his own safety. He displayed gallantry that was an inspiration to his men and reflected credit on the Military Service of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 12 (March 22, 1945)
Home Town: St. Clairsville, Ohio


McFARLAND, JAMES H., JR. (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James H. McFarland, Jr. (0-1314521), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry inn action while serving with the 318th Infantry Regiment, 80th Infantry Division, in Luxembourg, on 20 January 1945, in connection with military operations against an enemy of the United States. Near Burden, Luxembourg, Lieutenant McFarland, while on reconnaissance patrol, dispersed his men and entered town alone. After returning to the battalion command post and submitting vital information, he led the entire battalion in a successful attack on the town. Lieutenant McFarland's gallantry and outstanding leadership reflect great credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 80th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 254 (October 15, 1945)
Home Town: Michigan


McFARREN, LELAND C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Leland C. McFarren (35599932), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action on 25 February 1945, while serving with the 736th Tank Battalion in Germany. When his tank was set on fire by enemy artillery, Sergeant McFarren although seriously wounded in both legs succeeded in removing one of the injured members of the crew despite the fact that the tank's ammunition was exploding, and the area was under heavy artillery, mortar and small arms fire. Sergeant McFarren's outstanding and heroic courage and disregard for personal safety reflect the highest credit on himself and the finest traditions of the armed forces of the United States.
Home Town: Ohio


McGOWAN, JOHN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John R. McGowan (32590640), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with an Armored unit in Germany on 14 September 1944. When two tanks were knocked out by enemy fire, three wounded men were left lying in full view of the enemy, unable to move to safety. Corporal McGowan, without regard for his own safety, left the protection of his tank. He moved across the open field, under intense small arms and artillery fire, and moved the wounded to the rear of his tank and out of danger. By this action he saved the lives of his comrades. His devotion to duty and disregard for personal safety reflect great credit on himself and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 78 (July 31, 1945)
Home Town: New Jersey


McILYAR, ROBERT M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert M. McIlyar (35241509), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy on 17 April 1945 in the vicinity of Barenrode, Germany. Advancing against strongly fortified enemy positions, the attacking platoon supported by tanks, was met by withering enemy small arms, mortar, and rocket fire, both frontal and flanking. So intense was the fire that the Infantry was forced to draw back to reorganize the attack. Private McIlyar, crewman on one of the supporting tanks, saw that several wounded Infantrymen were about to be stranded without aid. With utter disregard for personal safety, Private McIlyar left his tank and ran forward in the face of the hail of fire to assist in carrying the wounded back to his tank, on which they could be evacuated. While single-handedly loading them onto the tank, Private McIlyar was himself wounded. Nevertheless, he pulled himself onto the tank and directed that it should back out to a position of comparative safety. Due to his courageous actions, several lives were saved. Private McIlyar's aggressiveness and courage under fire were, at all times, a credit to himself and to the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 90 (1945)
Home Town: Ohio


McLEAN, PARRISH M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Parrish M. McLean (44025044), Private First Class [then Private], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company F, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 6 April 1945, Private First Class McLean, a BAR gunner, set out to destroy a squad of Germans supported by a machine gun, whose fire had halted the advance of his Company towards Gemunden, Germany. Without orders and while others remained in cover, he climbed over a dyke and ran about 40 yards to a railroad embankment under enemy fire that barely missed him. Taking up a position that exposed the upper half of his body to the enemy, now about 30 yards away, he emptied a magazine and killed the hostile machine gunner. Although enemy fire ripped his pack, he shot another magazine, forcing five Germans to surrender to him.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Clio, South Carolina


*McLINDEN, CHARLES J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Charles J. McLinden (33593317), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop C, 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 March 1945. Corporal McLinden volunteered to go for medical aid although the town he was required to enter was being subjected to heavy enemy artillery fire. On returning with medical aid an enemy shell hit the quarter-ton truck in which he was traveling, instantly killing Corporal McLinden. He acted without regard for his own personal safety and his actions reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 20 (April 22, 1945)


*McMILLAN, JOHN D. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to John D. McMillan (34897559), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with the 9th Infantry Division on 12 December 1944, during the operations in Germany. Private McMillan's actions reflect highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: Scotland County, North Carolina


McPETERS, THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Thomas McPeters (3783804), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division at Leyte, Philippine Islands, during the period 26 October 1944 to 5 November 1944. Sergeant McPeters, mine platoon squad leader, was a member of a regiment that advanced some thirty miles from the vicinity of Palo to Pinamopoan. The enemy, fighting a bitter retrograde action, heavily mined the route of advance. Sergeant McPeters, accompanied by his platoon leader, disarmed over two hundred anti-tank and anti-personnel mines during this advance. This was accomplished in most instances under the automatic and small arms fire of the enemy. On 27 October 1944, he assisted in removing a demolition arrangement located under an ammunition dump. This charge was activated by an intricate system of pull wires and pressure release firing devices, calling for extraordinary coolness and a thorough knowledge of enemy equipment. Enemy machine gun fire further complicated this dangerous assignment. That same day, he again assisted his platoon leader in the removal of demolition charges under the Mainit River Bridge. This bridge was subjected to intense hostile automatic fire at the time, and it therefore required the highest courage on the part of Sergeant McPeters to complete this task. During the entire regimental advance, he repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire while carrying out his duties. The high degree of courage and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant McPeters, reflects the highest credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Bragg City, Missouri


*McSTAY, RICHARD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Richard McStay (32867974), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 80th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 30 March 1945. Corporal McStay's tank was leading an attempted break-through, through enemy lines. When the vehicle was struck and immobilized he remained at his gun to continue fire against the enemy. While thus engaged, Corporal McStay was killed. His actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 24 (May 3, 1945)
Home Town: New York, New York


McVEAN, HOWARD M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Howard M. McVean (38096661), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 24th Infantry Division near Palo, Leyte, Philippine Islands on 20 October 1944. While advancing on two well fortified pillboxes four members of the platoon to which Technician McVean was attached were wounded and lay directly in the enemy fire lane. With complete disregard for his own safety, and of his own volition, Technician McVean advanced in the face of heavy enemy fire to administer first aid to the wounded men and to evacuate them to safety. Technician McVean's outstanding display of courage at the risk of his life reflects great credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Britton, Texas


MEE, ARTHUR E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Arthur E. Mee (36785989), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 6 March 1945, in Germany. Private First Class Mee's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Illinois


MEEKS, CARL A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Carl A. Meeks, Sergeant [then Private First Class], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company I, 387th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 14 April 1945, near Schildgen, Germany, when a rifle company's advance was halted by intense enemy fire, Sergeant Meeks boldly moved forward under heavy fire to a position from which, firing rifle grenades, he silenced three enemy machine guns and a 20-mm. gun and forced their withdrawal of numerous enemy riflemen. His daring and gallantry on this occasion permitted his company to advance and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Oregon


*MEKATA, THOMAS TSUTOMU (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Thomas Tsutomu Mekata (30102090), Corporal, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, on 20 - 21 August 1944, near Riglione di Pisa, Italy. When an enemy patrol approached his machine gun position, Corporal Mekata after instructing his assistant to man the weapon, left his place of safety at the machine gun emplacement and crawled toward the enemy patrol in order to determine its exact location and direct effective fire against it. While returning to his gun position he was seriously wounded by a rifle grenade fired by a member of the enemy patrol. Despite his wound, and at the risk of drawing additional enemy fire, Corporal Mekata called out the position of the enemy patrol to his assistant gunner. By this means, his assistant was able to effectively direct fire against the enemy patrol, causing it to withdraw. His undaunted determination and utter disregard for personal safety reflect credit upon the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 7th Army, General orders No. 121 (December 6, 1944)
Born: February 2, 1917 at Waipahu, Oahu, Hawaii
Home Town: La Crosse, Wisconsin


*MENZEL, GILBERT O. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Gilbert O. Menzel (38111660), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 39th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On 11 August 1943, in the vicinity of *****, Sicily, following the explosion of a number of anti-personnel mines which killed one officer and several enlisted men, Private First Class Menzel, with complete disregard for his personal safety, made his way through tall grass which was heavily mined to command the situation and administer first aid to the injured. While treating the casualties another anti-personnel mine was set off and Private First Class Menzel was killed. His personal bravery and coolness under fire were an inspiration to all who witnessed his actions and aided in saving the lives of several of his comrades before his life was taken.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (September 27, 1943)
Home Town: Rockdale, Texas


METCALFE, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John W. Metcalfe (0-1290976), Captain (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action from 5 to 11 January 1945, in Belgium. Captain Metcalfe's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Illinois


MEYER, RAYFIELD M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Rayfield M. Meyer (37664953), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 15 April 1945, in Germany. Staff Sergeant Meyer's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Iowa


MICHALOWSKI, STANLEY J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Stanley J. Michalowski (12066424), Corporal, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving with the 83d Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 3d Armored Division, in action against the enemy in Germany on 17 October 1944. Corporal Michalowski's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 82 (October 27, 1944)
Home Town: New York
Personal Awards: SS (WWII)


MILGRAM, JOSEPH B., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Joseph B. Milgram, Jr. (0-1115035), First Lieutenant (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 51st Engineer Combat Battalion, in Belgium. First Lieutenant Milgram led a crew of five men across a bridge covered by intense enemy fire and directed the installation of demolition charges beneath the span. After the charges had been placed, he ordered his men to return to their unit while he remained behind to personally prepare the fuse. Upon completion of his hazardous mission, he waded the river and rejoined his group. When enemy forces threatened to seize the bridge a short while later, First Lieutenant Milgram, while subjected to heavy machine gun and small arms fire, crawled to the bridge, detonated the charge and destroyed the structure.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 29 (February 17, 1945)
Home Town: New York


MILLER, JOHN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John M. Miller (12058808), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with a Field Artillery Battalion of the 24th Infantry Division, near Limon, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 17 November 1944. Private Miller was in the vicinity of a man who had been wounded in action against enemy aggressor forces in Korea on and was calling for help. The wounded man was down on his hands and knees, being unable to crawl to a fox hole, thereby offering an easy target for enemy machine gun and rifle fire, which was in progress. Private Miller left his place of safety, ran twenty yards in the face of heavy enemy fire, and dragged his wounded comrade to a place of safety. His quick thinking and initiative saved the life of this man. Private Miller's fearless action, without regard for his own life or safety, reflects great credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Bronx, New York


MILLER, VIRGIL RASMUSS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Virgil Rasmuss Miller (0-15487), Colonel (Infantry), [then Lieutenant Colonel], U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while Commanding the 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, on 29 October and 7 November, 1944, in France, and on 10 April 1945, in Italy. When his troops were halted by a large enemy force defending well dug in positions on a strategic hill in the combat team's four-day battle to rescue the "Lost Battalion," Colonel Miller exposed himself to the hazards of intense artillery, mortar, and small arms fire to personally direct the assault of his companies. On 7 November 1944 in the vicinity of La Croisette, France, when the enemy infiltrated in strength and threatened the entire flank of a battalion, he proceeded to one of the company areas and directed a skillful maneuver which prevented the encirclement of a friendly battalion, Again on 10 April 1945 in the vicinity of Massa, Italy, Colonel Miller proceeded to a company operating on the rearward slope of Cle Tecchione, under concentrated shelling from hostile coastal guns and mortars. Disdaining sporadic shellfire, he inspected the condition of the company, encouraged the troops, and gave the company commander specific instructions on the plan of attack. Colonel Miller's complete disregard for personal safety in repeatedly exposing himself to the hazards of hostile fire in his desire to obtain maximum coordination between the different elements of his command was a constant source of inspiration to the officers and men of his organization and reflects high credit on the traditions of the United States Army.
Headquarters, 92d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 94 (October 4, 1945)
Home Town: Winneconne, Wisconsin


MILLER, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William H. Miller (12009826), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company F, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Troina, Sicily, on 3 August 1943. During a fierce engagement with the enemy, Corporal Miller fearlessly crossed terrain swept by hostile machine-gun, mortar, and small-arms fire and delivered an urgent message. Despite numerous hazards, he pressed forward and accomplished his mission, thereby enabling his company to continue its attack.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania


MILOR, JAMES P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James P. Milor (0-1017057), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 36th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 7 March 1945. Throughout the entire battle Lieutenant Milor's outstanding leadership and heroic devotion to duty was an inspiration to all. When two of his tanks were knocked out by mines and a number of infantrymen injured by the explosions, he went in search of aid. He gave the medical personnel covering fire. He personally aided in the evacuation of the wounded. His actions are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 24 (May 3, 1945)
Home Town: Midland, Texas


MILVERSTED, RAY A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Ray A. Milversted (20715544), Master Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action on 12 February 1944, while serving with Headquarters Battery, 194th Field Artillery Group, in the vicinity of Raviscanina, Italy. When enemy shellfire caused one quarter-ton radio car to burst into flames near other radios, vehicles, rocket ammunition, and personnel, Sergeant Ray Milversted and Sergeant Alouis Nearing left a ditch about two hundred yards away and brought the blaze under control. Technician Fifth Grade Frederick Basile ran to a radio weapons carrier parked on the other side of the rockets and drove it away. During this time shells continued to burst, some falling within 10 yards. At great personal risk, the three non-commissioned officers saved valuable government property from possible injury and protected other nearby radio operating personnel. Their actions were beyond the call of duty and are in the best traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, II Corps, General Orders No. 16 (February 23, 1944)
Home Town: Dubuque, Iowa


MILWARD, JOHN N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John N. Milward (35767420), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the Raider Platoon, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 16 March 1945, at 1400 hours, Private First Class Milward and an officer dashed 50 yards to capture an enemy machine gun. Private First Class Milward then captured five enemy in a trench near the gun position and then joined the officer. The two men detected two enemy SP guns 400 yards away, and jointly directed tank fire that knocked out the guns and greatly aided the regiment's advance through the Siegfried Line.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Portsmouth, Ohio


MIRSKY, MARTIN M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Martin M. Mirsky (0-1543902), First Lieutenant (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Medical Officer with the Medical Detachment, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in Germany on 20 November 1944. First Lieutenant Mirsky's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 1st Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 42 (February 17, 1945)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


MISZCZUK, JOSEPH P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Joseph P. Miszczuk, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 12th Signal Platoon (AB), during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. With disregard for his personal safety, Private First Class Miszczuk advanced under fire to a position in the parking lot located between Scott Circle and Atterbury Circle, a distance of approximately 50 yards, where two men had stopped, exhausted, while carrying a wounded man to the Station Hospital. Private First Class Miszczuk then helped the exhausted soldiers to cover of foliage where the men were concealed from view of the enemy and then carried the wounded soldier to the hospital, being under steady fire by enemy machine gunners. The bravery, coolness and good judgment displayed by Private First Class Miszczuk on this occasion, reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.
Authority: "Heroes of Pearl Harbor", Donald K. & Helen L. Ross


*MITCHELL, LAUREL C. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Laurel C. Mitchell (6154124), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against an armed enemy while serving with Company C, 254th Infantry Regiment, 63d Infantry Division, in action against the enemy on 3 March 1945, at Hartungshof, Germany. On that date, Private First Class Mitchell rushed through intense enemy machine pistol and machine gun fire to evacuate wounded men from a building. His great courage in moving from a place of comparative safety to an area of extreme danger to perform this mission is in accord with the finest traditions of the military service, and reflects great credit upon himself, the 63d Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 63d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 90 (April 11, 1945)
Home Town: Cincinnati, Ohio
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


MITSUI, MITSUTO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Mitsuto Mitsui (30103685), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 7 July 1944, in the vicinity of Molino A. Ventoabbto, Italy. When Private Mitsui learned that two of his comrades were seriously wounded, he immediately left his position of cover, crawled over open terrain for a distance of fifteen yards and rendered them first aid. He then evacuated the wounded men by crawling through constant grenade and small arms fire, dragging the men one at a time, to a position of comparative safety, thirty yards below. The courageous devotion to duty displayed by Private Mitsui was exemplary and an inspiration to all who observed him.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 123 (November 4, 1944)
Home Town: Kilauea, Kauai, Hawaii


MIYAGAWA, TAKESHI JOHNNY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Takeshi Johnny Miyagawa (30101292), Staff Sergeant [then Sergeant], U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 24 January 1944, in the vicinity of Cassino, Italy. Staff Sergeant Miyagawa, under intense enemy machine gun fire, cleared and marked a path through a minefield for a distance of 50 yards, allowing his company to pass through. He then crawled forward under enemy observation and fire, scaled a nine-foot stonewall, cleared his way through a sixteen-strand barbed wire fence which was also mined, and reconnoitered for the best route across the Rapido River. Staff Sergeant Miyagawa's courageous action contributed greatly to the success of the battalion and reflects credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 31 (April 29, 1944)
Home Town: Spreckelsville, Maui, Hawaii


MIYAKE, HOWARD Y.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Howard Y. Miyake (0-2055907), Second Lieutenant [then Staff Sergeant], U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 5 December 1943, in the vicinity of Cerasuolo, Italy. Although two patrols had previously been repulsed by observed enemy mortar and machine gun fire, Lieutenant Miyake courageously volunteered to lead a two-man patrol to reconnoiter enemy positions on Hill 900. Cleverly utilizing the sparse concealment and terrain afforded, and neutralizing enemy anti-personnel mines barring his path, Lieutenant Miyake succeeded in reaching the enemy lines near the top of the hill and obtained the desired information. When the enemy, becoming aware of his presence, opened fire on him, Lieutenant Miyake ordered his men to withdraw and covering the withdrawal himself managed to bring the patrol back safely with the vital information. Lieutenant Miyake's courage and leadership in the face of grave danger was exemplary and a credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 28 (April 29, 1944)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


MIYAMOTO, HAJIME
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Hajime Miyamoto (30106254), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 20 October 1944, in the vicinity of Bruyeres, France. Observing two of his comrades severely wounded and exposed to enemy fire, Private First Class Miyamoto, on his own initiative, left his covered position and dashed through a hail of enemy fire to the aid of these men. Under fire, he calmly administered first aid. When intense enemy fire was directed against his position, Private First Class Miyamoto, with complete disregard for his own safety, threw himself over one of the wounded men, shielding him with his own body. Realizing that the wounded man was in need of immediate blood transfusion, Private First Class Miyamoto, displaying outstanding bravery, carried him through intense crossfire to the aid station.
Headquarters, 7th Army, General Orders No. 17 (January 24, 1945)
Home Town: Kawainui, Papeakeo, Hawaii


MIYAMOTO, KAORU R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Kaoru R. Miyamoto (30105444), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, from 27 October to 6 November 1944, in the vicinity of Biffontaine, France. During this period Private Miyamoto went out to repair damaged wire communication on fourteen different occasions, in the face of heavy enemy artillery, mortar, and small arms fire. Most of these trips were undertaken voluntarily and when the hazards of enemy shelling kept the number of other volunteers to a minimum. His utter disregard for personal safety in the face of continued enemy fire was instrumental in keeping contact between the mortars and the Observation Point, and in rendering support to the battalion when thrusts at the enemy were launched.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 10, (February 22, 1945)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


MIYAMOTO, TADAO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Tadao Miyamoto (30105344), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 442d Regimental Combat Team near La Houssiere, France, on 1 November 1944. Technician Fifth Grade Miyamoto, though wounded by enemy fire himself, continued to make his way forward to aid four of his comrades. Ignoring advice from the injured men to return to the aid station, he remained with them and administered first aid. Soon after he had finished rendering aid to his comrades he crawled an additional 40 yards to the aid of a wounded enemy officer, treated his wounds and pulled him to friendly territory. The enemy officer, grateful for the prompt medical attention, released valuable information in regard to the hostile positions.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)
Home Town: Lanai City, Lanai, Hawaii


MIYAOKA, GEORGE SUETOMO (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George Suetomo Miyaoka (39081264), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company L, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 18 July 1944, in the vicinity of Colle Salvetti, Italy. When his company was halted by two machine guns less than one hundred yards away, Private First Class Miyaoka voluntarily advanced to destroy one of the guns. Under continual fire from a machine gun, a machine pistol and supporting sniper fire, he crept and crawled, utilizing the scant cover afforded by the rolling ground, to within 20 yards of the gun. As the enemy squad started to withdraw after Private First Class Miyaoka neutralized the machine gun nest with a fragmentation grenade, he shot and killed three of the enemy, wounded one and captured one. After sending the prisoner to the rear, he personally bandaged the wounded enemy. The voluntary and courageous actions of Private First Class Miyaoka cleared the way for the advance of the entire company.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 92 (September 3, 1944)
Home Town: Sacramento, California


MOBLEY, DAN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Dan A. Mobley (0-12894?9), Captain, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 76th Infantry Division. On 8 February 1945, near *******, Luxembourg, at 0900 Hours, Captain Mobley accompanied the Commanding General through heavy shell fire to the assault elements of the Division in order to press the crossing of the Sauer River and effect a penetration of the Seigfried Line. Exposing himself to direct enemy observation and heavy small-arms fire, Captain Mobley assisted in the re-organization of the smoke generator crews and soon had the crossing site screened. Through Captain Mobley's efforts, enemy observation of the crossing site was destroyed, enabling the troops to proceed with lighter casualties than anticipated. His actions, without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 394 (December 15, 1945)
Home Town: Mississippi


MOLLER, CARL R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Carl R. Moller (39463574), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company H, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 6 April 1945, although instructed to remain within the tank where he was relatively safe, Private First Class Moller, a mortar radio operator, set up his SCR 300 outside on the deck for better reception, and relayed messages coordinating the fire of armor with an infantry attack on Gemunden, Germany. While enemy machine gunners and riflemen, firing at 100 yards range from across the Main River, missed him by inches, and hostile artillery shells burst within 25 yards of him, he remained in his exposed position for nearly an hour. As a result of his courageous efforts, his Battalion received substantial assistance from the armor in seizing the important objective.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Spokane, Washington


*MOMANY, DONALD O. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Donald O. Momany (36422341), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 741st Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in support of the 1st Infantry Division in France on 6 June 1944. When radio communications were destroyed by enemy action during an extremely difficult beach landing, Corporal Momany courageously maintained liaison by personally carrying messages to company commanders. He made innumerable trips along the entire length of the fire-swept beach, exposed to heavy, sustained small arms, but continued with his missions until evacuated to a hospital ship. His courage and complete devotion to duty, without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 78 (July 31, 1945)
Home Town: Covert, Michigan


MONDAY, WILLIE F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Willie F. Monday (0-1183931), First Lieutenant (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division between Palo and Pinamopoan, Leyte, Philippine Islands, from 24 October 1944 to 10 November 1944. During this period Lieutenant Monday voluntarily flew as liaison pilot over enemy territory in spite of awareness that liaison aircraft are slow, extremely vulnerable, and not ordinarily intended for such flights, and that enemy planes and antiaircraft fire were active in the area. Flying from short, hazardous fields, he was not able to take an observer with him but was nevertheless able to make accurate and skilled adjustments of artillery fire and make valuable reconnaissance reports. By his outstanding courage and willingness to meet military necessities beyond the call of his normal duties, Lieutenant Monday conducted himself in a manner worthy of the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Angler, North Carolina


MOORE, HASKELL C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Haskell C. Moore (35653774), Sergeant [then Technician Fourth Grade], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 18th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 11 April 1945. When his tank was hit by enemy fire and was burning, Sergeant Moore drove it to a covered position. He mounted to the turret under constant sniper fire to administer first aid to wounded members of the crew. His actions, carried out without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 32 (May 11, 1945)
Home Town: South Charleston, West Virginia


*MORCH, MICHAEL (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Michael Morch (33400047), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as Armorer with Company B, 54th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Kaiserlautern, Germany, on 20 March 1945. Braving intense hostile fire, Technician Fifth Grace Morch rushed into enemy held territory to successfully rescue an injured pilot from his blazing airplane. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


MORINAKA, ITSUO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Itsuo Morinaka (30101378), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the with Medical Detachment, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 25 and 26 January 1944, in the vicinity of Cassino, Italy. During an attack across the Rapido River, Technician Fifth Grade Morinaka, under heavy concentrations of enemy artillery, mortar and machine gun fire and in an enemy minefield, administered first-aid to all the wounded. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, he treated and evacuated every casualty before seeking cover for himself. On the following night Technician Fifth Grade Morinaka again entered the enemy minefield to go to the aid of four wounded men, and although he himself was wounded by an explosion of an anti-personnel mine and enemy machine gun bullets perforated his clothing, he administered first-aid to these men and directed their evacuation. Technician Fifth Grade Morinaka's courage and coolness under fire undoubtedly saved the lives of many of his comrades and is a distinct credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 31 (April 29, 1944)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


MORITA, DAVID K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to David K. Morita (30106170), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company M, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 4 November 1944, in France. Private Morita, with utter disregard for personal safety, dashed through intense small arms and mortar fire to the aid of a severely wounded comrade. Noticing that the wounded man was fully exposed to the deadly hail of enemy fire, he immediately pulled him to an abandoned two-man slit trench where first aid was given. Then he again exposed himself to the enemy fire and carried his patient to the litter bearers who were just returning from the aid station. There the patient was immediately transferred to the litter and safely evacuated to the medical aid station. Private Morita's resourcefulness, courage and devotion to his fellow soldiers were exemplary and a credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 10, (February 22, 1945)
Home Town: Hanapepe, Kauai, Hawaii


MORRIS, KENNETH MALCOLM (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Kenneth Malcolm Morris, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving with Company G, 141st Infantry Regiment, 36th Infantry division, in action against the enemy on 15 December 1943 in the vicinity of *****, Italy. As squad leader of an assault platoon of Company G, Sergeant Morris led his squad forward during the attack against ***** under heavy enemy artillery, mortar, machine gun and rifle fire until his squad had attained its first object. He then volunteered to remain in a position which was constantly being subjected to severe concentrations of enemy mortar and artillery fire in order to provide covering fire for the forward movement of two assault platoons. During this movement, he again volunteered to move a distance of one hundred yards into an open and exposed position which was directly under enemy observation so he could fire his automatic rifle on an enemy machine gun blocking the path of advance. With utter disregard for his personal safety, Sergeant Morris successfully neutralized the enemy machine gun until the assault platoons had reached their new positions. His gallant action reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 36th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 65 (1944)
Home Town: Ingleside, Texas


MORRISON, WILLIAM J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William J. Morrison, Jr. (0-1016142), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 8th Armored Division in Germany on 9 April 1945. While his platoon was pinned down by intense mortar and artillery counter-battery fire, Lieutenant Morrison went to the aid of a severely wounded man. After administering first aid, he evacuated him in a half-track vehicle. He was forced to cross open terrain in full view of the enemy and under direct fire, to reach the nearest aid station. His courage and devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 32 (May 11, 1945)
Home Town: New Jersey


MORROW, JOHN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John L. Morrow (33598352), Corporal [then Private First Class], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 18 March 1945, when hostile soldiers approached his company's position in the Siegfried Line, near Zweibrucken, Germany, Corporal Morrow moved toward them, despite the fire of four machine guns. After crawling 70 yards down a connecting trench, as bullets barely missed him, he heard enemy voices. Cautiously rounding a corner, he surprised the Germans, killing two of them with one burst from his "Tommy gun." As he attempted to return to his comrades, machine gun fire wounded him in the head, necessitating his immediate evacuation.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Conshohocken, Pennsylvania


MOSBACHER, STEPHEN H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Stephen H. Mosbacher (35554027), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Combat Command "B", 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 2 April 1945. Sergeant Mosbacher advanced to within ten yards of enemy infantry elements to effect the rescue of a comrade, pinned down by enemy fire. The rescue was accomplished in the face of direct fire from artillery, mortars and small arms. Sergeant Mosbacher was fatally wounded a few minutes later while attempting the rescue of a wounded soldier, directly in the path of an enemy tank. His gallantry beyond the call of duty reflects great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 97 (September 10, 1945)
Home Town: Lucas County, Ohio


MOTOYAMA, JIMMIE K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Jimmie K. Motoyama (38076158), Technician Fourth Grade, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company L, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 27 October 1944, in France. When his platoon was pinned down and cut off from the remainder of the company by the fire of a superior enemy force, Technician Fourth Grade Motoyama voluntarily took command. Placing another man in charge of the platoon, he crept, crawled and ran from tree to tree for a distance of 500 yards to contact the remainder of the company for aid. With men from the weapons and 1st platoons he returned to his unit to give covering fire which would enable the platoon to withdraw to safer positions. Disregarding his personal safety he made his way from foxhole to foxhole to instruct each of the men in the plan of withdrawal, and with excellent covering fire from the reinforcements the platoon and the wounded were able to reach safety.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 10, (February 22, 1945)
Home Town: Arvada, Nevada


MOTT, CHARLES R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Charles R. Mott (37247606), Technician Fourth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division at Palo, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 25 October 1944. Technician Mott, with the aid of another soldier, voluntarily exposed himself to the danger of exploding small arms ammunition and artillery shells in a burning ammunition dump 50 yards from his position, to carry a wounded man to the aid station. He was fully aware of the danger from the exploding ammunition and of the fact that the fire illuminated him as a target to enemy snipers active in the area. His quick thinking, initiative, and courage made possible the saving of this man's life. Technician Mott's display of heroism reflects great credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Wichita, Kansas


MUCHA, PAUL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Paul Mucha, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 12th Signal Platoon (AB) during the Japanese air attack on the Island of Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. With disregard for his personal safety, Private First Class Mucha advanced under fire to a position in the parking lot located between Scott Circle and Atterbury Circle, a distance of approximately 50 yards, where two men had stopped, exhausted, while carrying a wounded man to the Station Hospital. Private First Class Mucha then helped the exhausted soldiers to a cover of foliage where the men were concealed from view of the enemy and then carried the wounded soldier to the hospital, being under steady fire by enemy machine gunners. The bravery, coolness and good judgment displayed by Private First Class Mucha on this occasion reflect great credit upon himself and the military service.
Authority: "Heroes of Pearl Harbor", Donald K. & Helen L. Ross


MUELLER, EUGENE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Eugene H. Mueller (36482619), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company H, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Near Holtzwihr, France, on 27 January 1945, during an early morning attack in which enemy counter-offensive action forced a limited withdrawal, Private First Class Mueller and another soldier elected to remain in position. Continuing their fire with devastating effect while enemy infantry approached to within 200 yards and hostile tank and artillery shells exploded within 10 yards of them, these two 81-mm. mortarmen held off the counterattack for one half hour. In the pause which they won, rifle platoons reorganized, renewed the attack and regained the offensive.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Trenton, Illinois


MUNGLE, JUVIN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Juvin J. Mungle (38400414), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Medical Aidman with Company G, 361st Infantry Regiment, 91st Infantry Division, on 18 September 1944, near Nicchi, Italy. When his company was subjected to heavy enemy artillery and mortar fir e causing a large number of casualties within a few minutes, Technician Fifth Grade Mungle, the only aid man available at the moment, left his covered position to administer aid to his comrades. Although shells were bursting on all sides of him, he gave expert attention to each of the wounded and supervised the construction of litters for the evacuation of the wounded. Technician Fifth Grade Mungle never once stopped his work until each of the injured men had been treated. Later that same day, the company again came under intense enemy artillery fire which caused ,more casualties and set fire to an ammunition dump containing a large supply of small arms ammunition, mortar shells and grenades. Seeing a man unable to move because of wounds, lying within a few feet of the burning ammunition, Technician Fifth Grade Mungle again exposed himself to the heavy enemy fire and smothered the flames. Then Technician Fifth Grade Mungle proceeded to go from man to man, administering aid and seeing to the evacuation of each. Finally, because of exhaustion and shock, it became necessary to order him, much against his will, to go to the rear for medical attention. Technician Fifth Grade Mungle's exceptional devotion to duty, medical skill and great courage exemplify the highest traditions of the Medical Department of the United States Army.
Headquarters, 91st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 49 (November 26, 1944)
Home Town: Atoka, Oklahoma


MUNRO, GEORGE A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George A. Munro (36871187), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division near Palo, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 30 October 1944. During an engagement with the enemy, Private Munro, assisted by a fellow soldier, located an enemy 40-mm. gun crew whose fire was preventing the withdrawal of our forces. They moved to an exposed position from which they were able to place covering fire upon the enemy emplacement, thus permitting their comrades to withdraw. Throughout this action they were under the aimed fire of the enemy. When this was accomplished they proceeded under hostile fire to the aid of a seriously wounded soldier and evacuated him. Private Munro exhibited the highest courage in this engagement and his heroism reflects the highest credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: St. Clair, Michigan


MUNSON, HAROLD W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Harold W. Munson (36753082), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized), on 16 December 1944, in Belgium. Private Munson voluntarily accompanied a medical aid man in order to cover him as he advanced toward a wounded forward observer. At great personal risk, he crossed three hundred yards of fire-swept terrain and protected the aid man as he administered medical treatment to the wounded soldier. Private Munson displayed courage and valor on two other occasions by advancing through devastating artillery and small arms fire to protect an aid man who crossed dangerously near enemy positions to reach wounded soldiers.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 26 (1945)
Home Town: Illinois


MURPHY, AUDIE LEON
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Audie Leon Murphy (0-1692509), First Lieutenant (Infantry), [then Staff Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company B, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On the morning of 2 October 1944, near Cleurie Quarry, France, First Lieutenant Murphy inched his way over rugged, uneven terrain, toward an enemy machine gun which had surprised a group of officers on reconnaissance. Getting to within fifteen yards of the German gun, First Lieutenant Murphy stood up and, disregarding a burst of enemy fire delivered at such close range and which miraculously missed him, flung two hand grenades into the machine gun position, killing four Germans, wounding three more and destroying the position.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 66 (February 25, 1945)

MURPHY, AUDIE LEON
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star Medal to Audie Leon Murphy (0-1692509), First Lieutenant (Infantry), [then Staff Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company B, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On the afternoon of 5 October 1944 near Le Tholy, France, First Lieutenant Murphy, carrying an SCR 536 radio, crawled fifty yards under severe enemy machine gun and rifle fire, to a point 200 yards from strongly entrenched enemy who had prevented further advance. Despite machine gun and rifle bullets that hit as close as a foot to him, First Lieutenant Murphy directed artillery fire upon enemy positions for an hour, killing fifteen Germans and inflicting approximately thirty-five additional casualties. His courage, audacity and accuracy enabled his company to advance and attain its objective.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (March 3, 1945)
Born: June 20, 1924 at Kingston, Texas
Home Town: Dallas, Texas
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), DSC (WWII), 2 Silver Stars (WWII)


MURPHY, GLENN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Glenn W. Murphy (34113903), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with Battery B, 83d Armored Field Artillery Battalion, in action against the enemy on 16 January 1945, at Belgium. Corporal Murphy's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Army.
Headquarters, VII Corps, General Orders No. 8 (March 8, 1945)
Home Town: North Carolina


MURRAY, WILFRED L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Wilfred L. Murray, Jr. (36736132), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 25 January 1945. Private Murray was a member of a bazooka team. The team encountered an enemy pillbox which was retarding the advance of their unit. Private Murray, on his own initiative, moved behind the enemy lines to a better position and knocked out the pillbox. Fifteen prisoners were captured in the operation. The knocking out of the pillbox permitted the unit to continue its advance. Private Murray's initiative, aggressiveness and bold courage reflect credit upon himself and the Army of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 1 (February 8, 1945)
Home Town: Loves Park, Illinois

N

NADZAM, JOHN B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John B. Nadzam (0-383829), First Lieutenant (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 8th Armored Division in Germany on 6 April 1945. While flying a Field Artillery liaison plane on a mission, Lieutenant Nadzam encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire. Using evasive tactics, Lieutenant Nadzam continued his mission. Fired on again, he started registering fire on the enemy gun positions. As the first volley of fire for effect was reported, his plane was hit and forced to land. His example of courage and devotion to duty reflects credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 27 (May 6, 1945)
Home Town: Pennsylvania


NAGANUMA, KENNETH
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Kenneth Naganuma (30105918), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 4 and 5 November 1944, in France. Sergeant Naganuma moved forward under superior enemy fire to cover the evacuation of two tankmen wounded during an attack upon an enemy strongpoint. Later, when his company's advance was impeded by machine gun fire, he crawled to within 40 yards from one of the emplacements, opened fire and killed the gunner and his assistant. The fire which he attracted from a second emplacement left his unit free to move forward from its pinned down position to give him support. Though he was wounded during this action by an enemy sniper, Sergeant Naganuma refused to leave his under strength unit, and after leading his platoon in another attack on the following day, was forced by the seriousness of his injury to retire.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)

NAGANUMA, KENNETH
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star Medal to Kenneth Naganuma (30105918), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, near Tendola, Italy, on 22 April 1945. Staff Sergeant Naganuma displayed aggressive leadership, courage, and determination as he led his comrades in the attack on a strategic hill. With utter disregard for safety, he silenced two machine pistols and rescued a wounded comrade under a screen of fire. He aided in capturing 2 machine pistols, 3 machine guns, killing four of the enemy and capturing nine. His heroic action is in keeping with the finest traditions of the services and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 15 (January 16, 1946)
Home Town: Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII) (Possibly a 3d Silver Star)


NAGATA, RIHACHI ROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Rihachi Roy Nagata (30103443), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company F, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, near Mount Cerrata, Italy, on 6 April 1945. During an attack against heavily defended enemy positions in the vicinity of Mount Cerrata, Italy, when his platoon's advance was held up, Private First Class Nagata crawled under intense hostile fire to within fifty yards of the enemy position and fired rifle grenades neutralizing the position, enabling the platoon to resume its advance. Later on 20 April 1945, near the town of Tendola, Italy, while giving flank protection to his withdrawing platoon, he exposed himself to mortar and small arms fire to go to the aid of a wounded companion. Private First Class Nagata's intelligent sense of combat and his gallant devotion to a helpless companion under fire are in keeping with the finest traditions of the Army of the United States and are deserving of recognition.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 7 (January 11, 1946)
Home Town: Hilo, Hawaii


NAIMO, JOSEPH A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Joseph A. Naimo (32319871), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with an Armored Battalion of the 1st Infantry Division. When enemy fire disabled his tank and severely wounded his platoon leader, Corporal Naimo, despite his own painful wound, remained with the injured man under intense artillery fire until evacuation was possible. His fearless and unselfish action typifies the highest traditions of the Armored Forces.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 64 (November 23, 1943)
Home Town: New Brighton, Staten Island, New York
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


NAKAGAWA, AKIRA
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Akira Nakagawa (30101215), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 22 October 1944, near Biffontaine, France. While at his machine gun post, Private First Class Nakagawa observed an enemy officer running for cover some distance away. Although fully aware that he was under the observation of several hostile riflemen a short distance away, he jumped out of his machine gun dugout and pursued the officer. Hurdling a barbed wire fence, he continued his pursuit of the officer, who was now desperately dashing toward an enemy-held concrete wall, and, with a flying tackle, subdued him. Covering his captive with his pistol, he brought him back to friendly lines in full view of the enemy. By Private First Class Nakagawa's daring and aggressive actions, his unit was able to obtain vital information from the enemy officer regarding enemy dispositions.
Headquarters, 7th Army, General Orders No. 17 (January 24, 1945)
Home Town: Honokas, Hawaii


NAKAHARA, MITSUGI
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Mitsugi Nakahara (30103923), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with the 442d Anti- Tank Company, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, near Baraquements, France, on 30 August 1944. Private Nakahara was driving a vehicle occupied by four other soldiers, whose mission was to patrol a forward area. While proceeding on the mission, their vehicle was suddenly ambushed by the enemy. The intense fire from enemy machine guns and twenty millimeter guns wounded all occupants of the vehicle. During the action, one of the wounded soldiers succeeded in escaping and crawled to the rear, where he reported the ambush to the occupants of another vehicle. For a moment the enemy ceased firing, and Private Nakahara, who had received a leg wound, got back in the vehicle and turned it around to attempt to evacuate his wounded comrades. Seeing this, the enemy again opened fire, wounding Private Nakahara for the second time, and puncturing the tires of the vehicle. The fire continued for about ten minutes and again ceased. Private Nakahara assisted by another soldier, loaded the wounded and again tried to drive the vehicle to a point of safety. Again the enemy opened fire, hitting Private Nakahara in the back, causing the third wound. During the action the wounded managed to find cover, and when all firing ceased, two soldiers from the rear vehicle crawled forward to aid the wounded. The rescuers reached Private Nakahara, who refused aid and insisted that the other wounded soldiers be cared for first. Realizing the seriousness of Private Nakahara's wounds, the rescue party, despite his protests, succeeded in sliding him on a blanket and removing him to the rear. Private Nakahara's courage under enemy fire, and his consideration for the welfare of his wounded comrades, reflect great credit upon him as a soldier.
Headquarters, First Airborne Task Force, General Orders No. 42 (November 21,1944)
Home Town: Hilo, Hawaii


NAKAHARA, SUSUMU
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Susumu Nakahara (30104094), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company F, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 20 October 1944, in the vicinity of Bruyeres, France. Observing an attempt by the enemy to set up a machine gun 35 yards from his company's right flank, Private Nakahara left his position and threw two hand grenades at the enemy. He then returned to his original position, and by opening fire with his BAR forced the enemy to withdraw. When a second attempt was made to set up a gun position 50 yards away, he disregarded small arms fire and the danger of being cut off from the company and determinedly remained in his forward position inflicting casualties among the enemy until the company deployed to completely rout his positions.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 11, (February 23, 1945)
Home Town: Hilo, Hawaii


*NAKASHIMA, RAITO R. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Raito R. Nakashima (39936423), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company B, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, in the vicinity of Castelpoggio, Italy, on 14 April 1945. While fighting off counterattacks by superior enemy forces, Private Nakashima saw four enemy troops attempting to infiltrate into his company's position through a draw. Exposing himself, he threw a hand grenade at them, killing two and wounding one. Attempting to throw a second grenade, he was wounded twice. In spite of the intense pain, he continued firing at the enemy until he collapsed. His intrepid deed exemplifies the finest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 15 (January 16, 1946)
Born: May 16, 1925 at Shelley, Idaho
Home Town: Pocatello, Idaho


NALITZ, EDWARD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward R. Nalitz (13060998), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with the 9th Infantry Division, on 11 December 1944, during operations in Germany. Sergeant Nalitz' actions reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: Pennsylvania


NEAL, ZENUS E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Zenus E. Neal (6295152), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with a Field Artillery Battalion on 21 November 1943 in the vicinity of Mount Rotunda, Italy, and on 9 December 1943 in the vicinity of Mount Maggiore, Italy. On these dates Sergeant Neal was a member of forward observation parties and on both occasions all troops in the area were pinned down by enemy fire. On 21 November Sergeant Neal laid wire across several hundred yards of open terrain to establish communications with the result that fire was adjusted on the enemy observer directing the shelling and our infantry was materially aided in its advance. On 9 December he again exposed himself voluntarily to lay wire to an observation post so that fire could be adjusted on the enemy who had our infantry pinned down by artillery fire. The courage, initiative and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Neal in the performance of these deeds are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, II Corps, General Orders No. 36 (June 9, 1944)
Home Town: Hope, Arkansas


NEARING, ALOUIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Alouis Nearing (36104814), First Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action on 12 February 1944, while serving with Headquarters Battery, 194th Field Artillery Group, in the vicinity of Raviscanina, Italy. When enemy shellfire caused one quarter-ton radio car to burst into flames near other radios, vehicles, rocket ammunition, and personnel, Sergeant Ray Milversted and Sergeant Alouis Nearing left a ditch about two hundred yards away and brought the blaze under control. Technician Fifth Grade Frederick Basile ran to a radio weapons carrier parked on the other side of the rockets and drove it away. During this time shells continued to burst, some falling within 10 yards. At great personal risk, the three non-commissioned officers saved valuable government property from possible injury and protected other nearby radio operating personnel. Their actions were beyond the call of duty and are in the best traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, II Corps, General Orders No. 16 (February 23, 1944)
Home Town: Flint, Michigan


NELSON, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William H. Nelson (33898764), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 9th Infantry Division, on 22 December 1944, during operations in Germany. Private First Class Nelson's actions reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: Maryland


NETHIG, VICTOR A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Victor A. Nethig (36237005), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company G, 361st Infantry Regiment, 91st Infantry Division, on 16 September 1944, near Nicchi, Italy. Following a successful attack on enemy hill positions, Private First Class Nethig's Company was deployed in defensive positions. Suddenly a machine gun located to the left rear of the company commenced firing on a friendly unit advancing on the left flank. Private First Class Nethig and five men were sent out to locate the gun and destroy it. The patrol located the gun, crawled around to the rear and captured the gun crew of five. It was learned from one of the prisoners that a strong enemy force was on the company's left flank. To meet this threat, Private First Class Nethig's platoon was ordered to take new positions on ground commanding that flank. As the men moved to these positions, they were subjected to heavy enemy machine gun fire. Without thought for his personal safety, Private First Class Nethig crawled through this intense fire until he reached a position on the right flank from which he could bring effective fire to bear on the enemy gun. Firing into the enemy position, he wounded two of the enemy, and caused to more to withdraw. His bold and aggressive action made it possible for his company to resume its advance and take its objective. Private First Class Nethig's decisive action under fire, his determination in the face of the enemy and his indomitable courage bespeak the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 91st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 49 (November 26, 1944)
Home Town: Barron, Wisconsin


NISHI, MASAKAZU
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Masakazu Nishi (39098471), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 19 and 28 October 1944, near Bruyeres and Biffontaine, France. Discovering two enemy troops on an observation tower armed with automatic weapons, Sergeant Nishi halted his advancing platoon and proceeded alone. By cleverly maneuvering around the position he surprised an enemy officer and sergeant and after taking them prisoner, obtained valuable information regarding the enemy's disposition. On another occasion, when the enemy launched a counterattack, supported by a tank, Sergeant Nishi placed his bazooka man at a vantage point while he moved to another point 25 yards away. Calmly exposing himself he fired at the oncoming tank with his sub-machine gun until the bazooka man was able to put it out of action and force the enemy to withdraw.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)
Home Town: Hanford, California


*NISHI, TAKANORI A. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Takanori A. Nishi (39915180), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 12 July 1944, in the vicinity of Pastina, Italy. As a member of a reconnaissance patrol, Private First Class Nishi advanced to within ten feet of the enemy's outposts in order to gain information. Disregarding the platoon leader's orders to withdraw when almost surrounded by the enemy, Private First Class Nishi continued observing the enemy movements. Finally in withdrawing, he was forced to fight his way back against a numerically superior force and was killed in the attempt. His comrade, however, returned safely and gave valuable information to the rest of the patrol which proved instrumental in the Battalion's successful attack on the town of Pastina. The courage and devotion to duty displayed by Private First Class Nishi gained for him the respect and admiration of his entire organization.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 123 (November 4, 1944)
Born: September 25, 1920 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California


*NISHIKAWA, AKIO (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Akio Nishikawa (30104867), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 442d Infantry Regiment, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 11 July 1944 in the vicinity of Pgio Casale, Italy. When one of his comrades was wounded on the forward slope of a bald hill, Private Nishikawa ran for a distance of a hundred yards through concentrated 88-mm. artillery and mortar shellings to render first aid. Although advised by others in the platoon to wait until the enemy ceased shelling, he paid no heed to their warnings and proceeded to rescue the man with the words "Gotta go!" Finally reaching the wounded man, he proceeded to administer first-aid. It was while so engaged that he was mortally wounded by a shell fragment from an 88-mm. shell. The outstanding devotion to his comrades and his gallantry in the face of enemy fire has won for him the profound admiration and respect of the men of his company.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 92 (September 3, 1944)
Born: October 15, 1922 at Paia, Maui, Hawaii
Home Town: Paia, Maui, Hawaii


NISHIMURA, GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George Nishimura (39929205), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company L, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, near Fece Il Ceccu, Italy, on 19 April 1945. When his platoon was pinned down by machine gun fire, Private Nishimura, on his own initiative, stood up with his automatic rifle and neutralized one machine gun by killing its crew, capturing three others and causing the rest to withdraw. Later, when it became necessary for the platoon to withdraw in the face of superior enemy force, he sued upon the enemy again and covered his platoon's withdrawal. Private Nishimura's continuous desire to safe-guard his comrades, and his gallantry, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Army of the United States.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 14 (January 16, 1946)
Home Town: Hunt, Idaho


NIX, NORMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Norman Nix (34539302), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with the 9th Infantry Division, on 11 December 1944, during operations in Germany. Staff Sergeant Nix's actions reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: Florida


NOUCHI, WATARU
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Wataru Nouchi (30101327), Corporal, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 29 November 1943, in the vicinity of Colli, Italy. Having been given the mission of destroying an enemy machine gun nest on Hill 920, Corporal Nouchi, Assistant Squad Leader, with utter disregard for his own personal safety and under heavy enemy fire, crawled up to within ten yards of the enemy nest before opening fire. His fire killed three of the enemy crew, and when the two remaining Germans returned his fire, Corporal Nouchi threw grenades at them, forcing them to flee. His actions enabled his squad to occupy key positions on the hill and contributed materially to the success of the operation. Corporal Nouchi's courage and coolness under fire was exemplary and a credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 28 (April 29, 1944)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


NOVAK, STEPHEN A. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Stephen A. Novak (33031346), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with an Armored Battalion of the 1st Infantry Division. When two members of his platoon were seriously wounded during an attack upon the enemy, Sergeant Novak proceeded in his tank to these men despite heavy artillery and anti-tank fire and evacuated them to the rear. He then returned to a forward area and vigorously re-entered the battle. As a result of his courage, Sergeant Novak has been reported as Missing in Action.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 64 (November 23, 1943)
Home Town: Austin, Texas


NOWAK, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward J. Nowak (36541786), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Section Sergeant with Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Noville, Belgium, on 20 December 1944. Sergeant Nowak courageously advanced through intense enemy fire to evacuate a wounded comrade. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

O

O'BRIEN, MALCOLM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Malcolm C. O'Brien (35271825), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with an Armored Unit in France on 6 June 1944. When his battalion commander's radio was destroyed during landing operations on the French coast, Sergeant O'Brien maintained liaison by personally carrying message to company commanders. He made innumerable trips along the entire length of the fire-swept beach. Although wounded by enemy rifle fire, he insisted on continuing with his mission, being evacuated only on direct order from his superior officer. The leadership and devotion to duty demonstrated by Sergeant O'Brien aided in establishment of American forces upon the beach. His personal bravery and outstanding courage reflect great credit on himself and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 78 (July 31, 1945)
Home Town: Ohio


*O'BRIEN, TERENCE M. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Terence M. O'Brien (0-1016163), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 3 March 1945. Lieutenant O'Brien, assigned as a Company Commander, led his company in street fighting in an enemy-held town. Without regard for his own safety he constantly exposed himself to enemy fire as he led his unit. While thus leading the action he was wounded by machine gun fire, but refused to be removed to a place of safety and continued to direct and encourage his men. A short time later the machine gun again opened fire, instantly killing Lieutenant O'Brien. His gallantry in the face of enemy fire and his leadership were an inspiration to members of his company and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 12 (March 22, 1945)
Home Town: Iowa


OCHITANI, BUNJERIE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Bunjerie B. Ochitani (39916573), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 17 July 1944, in the vicinity of Luciana, Italy. When an enemy machine gun emplaced in a house was holding up the company's advance, Private First Class Ochitani voluntarily advanced with two comrades through continuous sniper, mortar and artillery fire and destroyed the gun. Another machine gun position was discovered nearby, and without hesitation, Private First Class Ochitani and his comrades advanced and killed the two Germans manning the gun by the use of their hand grenades and rifles. The courage and determination displayed by Private First Class Ochitani was a key factor in the Battalion's successful attack.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 123 (November 4, 1944)
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah


OELKE, HAROLD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Harold R. Oelke (16121016), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop C, 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 30 March 1945. When a friendly tank was set fire by a direct hit Private Oelke went to the aid of the crew. Despite exploding ammunition on the burning tank and continuing enemy fire, he succeeded in evacuating the wounded to safety. Private Oelke acted without regard for his own safety, and his courage and devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 76 (July 27, 1945)
Home Town: Wheaton, Illinois


*OGAWA, EDWARD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Edward Ogawa (39913809), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 18 October 1944, in the vicinity of Bruyeres, France. The platoon of which Private First Class Ogawa was a member was assigned the task of occupying an isolated farm house in order to secure the battalion's right flank while it advanced against an enemy-held hill. This farmhouse was situated on open flat terrain covered by enemy fire. As his platoon dashed across the open field to the farm house, a hundred yards away, Private First Class Ogawa ran along the right flank of the group and screened their movement by firing his BAR at four enemy-held machine gun positions which he had previously spotted. By thus pinning down the enemy machine gunners, he enabled his platoon to reach their objective with only one casualty. After reaching the farm house he placed himself at a strategic but exposed position and returned fire on the enemy positions. It was while he was so engaged that he was mortally wounded by a sniper. By his heroic conduct Private First Class Ogawa contributed materially to the success of his battalion's mission.
Headquarters, 7th Army, General Orders No. 117 (November 30, 1944)
Home Town: Ashton, Idaho


*OGOMORI, YOSHIO (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Yoshio Ogomori (30101718), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters Company, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 26 June 1944, in the vicinity of Belvedere, Italy. When Private First Class Ogomori's squad was pinned down by rifle and machine pistol fire from a building occupied by the enemy, Private First Class Ogomori on his own initiative crawled forward through the enemy fire, worked his way up to the building, and from a vantage point fired several rifle grenades into the enemy stronghold. His effective fire caused the enemy to center their attention on him and allowed the rest of the squad to advance on the building. While reloading his rifle, Private First Class Ogomori was fatally wounded by an enemy sniper. The courageous action of Private First Class Ogomori in the face of the enemy enabled his comrades to blast their way into the building and forced the defenders to flee, and his fearlessness under fire was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 76 (1944)
Born: February 9, 1923 at Kekaha, Kauai, Hawaii
Home Town: Oahu, Hawaii


*OHAMA, ABRAHAM G. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Abraham G. Ohama (39227865), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company F, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 20 October 1944, in the vicinity of Bruyeres, France. While making a forward reconnaissance to determine the enemy's disposition, Sergeant Ohama and his men encountered machine gun fire in the vicinity of emplacements occupied by one of the forward companies. Placing his men under cover he crawled to within 20 yards from the enemy and threw two hand grenades which neutralized the machine gun nest. When another machine gun opened fire upon him, he momentarily silenced it with his sub-machine gun and then completely put it out of action with hand grenades. Subsequently, when a comrade was wounded and left exposed to further injury, he disregarded enemy sniper fire to go to his aid, and as he reached the fallen man's side was mortally wounded. His actions, without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 10, (February 22, 1945)
Born: June 1, 1916 at Guadalupe, California
Home Town: Sanger, California


*OKAMOTO, DONALD MITSUMI (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Donald Mitsumi Okamoto (30105239), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company B, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, near Seravezza, Italy, on 21 April 1945. As gunner of a light machine gun squad which was accompanying an assault platoon from the 442d Regimental Combat Team during an attack on a heavily defended enemy position, Private First Class Okamoto gave his life in order to successfully protect his comrades and complete the mission which they had undertaken. When an attacking squad of his platoon was endangered by intense and accurate enemy fire, he leaped out of his comparatively well protected position and with utter disregard for his own safety, dragged his machine gun into the open where he could manipulate the weapon with complete freedom and maximum effectiveness. Opening up with a long burst, he thoroughly raked a German held house and the nearby ground with his fire. Surprised by the vehement and devastating force of his fire, the enemy drew back under cover. Temporarily free of the danger from the building, the attackers rushed to more adequate cover and leveling fire on the enemy, prevented him from regaining his advantage. Because Private First Class Okamoto was the greatest single threat to their defense, and because he presented such a vulnerable target, the enemy troops soon concentrated their fire on him. However, disregarding the bullets that whined close by or threw up spurts of dirt as they hit the ground around him, he remained out in the open and laid steady fire on the building. Largely due to his activity the enemy was unable to keep the assaulting squad in check as it advanced closer and closer to the structure, forcing the enemy snipers around the building to take refuge in the house. But, exposed as Private First Class Okamoto was to the enemy fire, it was almost impossible for him to escape injury, and the inevitable bullet coming from an enemy machine gun fatally wounded him. His outstanding courage and self-sacrificing heroism was an inspiring example to all who saw him and exemplified the highest traditions of the Army of the United States and the American Infantryman.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 259 (October 5, 1945)
Born: August 27, 1921 at Honolulu, Hawaii
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


*OKAMOTO, JAMES TAKASHI (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to James Takashi Okamoto (30104825), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, near Biffontaine, France, on 29 October 1944. When his company was pinned down by an enemy machine gun which was supported by rifle grenade, bazooka, and sniper fire, Private Okamoto crawled forward alone to locate the gun position. Realizing that he would not be able to outflank the emplacement because of the supporting fire, he advanced directly on the position, firing at it and forcing the enemy gunners to return fire and reveal their position. This action resulted in a concentration of fire upon Private Okamoto and enabled his platoon to encircle the position and destroy it. While engaged in a subsequent fire fight with the enemy he was mortally wounded by a sniper. His actions, without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)
Born: March 26 1923 at Wainaku, Hawaii
Home Town: Wainaku, Hawaii


OKAZAKI, EDWARD Y.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward Y. Okazaki (30105012), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters Company, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 19 October 1944, in Bruyeres, France. When Sergeant Okazaki and four other men were wounded by shrapnel during an artillery barrage, he dragged his companions to the safety of a building in the midst of the barrage and, despite his wounds, proceeded to render them first aid. When the aid men arrived and, discovering his bleeding arm, attempted to administer first aid to him, he refused medical attention, insisting that he was not seriously wounded. It was not until the four other men had been treated that he consented to receive treatment himself. It was then discovered that he had received three wounds--one in his arm and two in his left leg. Sergeant Okazaki's conspicuous courage, utter disregard for personal safety and determination were an inspiration to the men of his company.
Headquarters, 7th Army, General Orders No. 107 (November 11, 1944)
Home Town: Paia, Maui, Hawaii


OKINAKA, RICHARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Richard Okinaka (30104648), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 29 October 1944, in France. While preparing for a flanking movement upon an enemy position which had stopped his company's advance, Sergeant Okinaka, not wishing to expose his entire platoon to enemy fire, crawled up the enemy-occupied hill alone to reconnoiter the area. While making his reconnaissance he attracted the attention of numerous enemy snipers, but with deadly accurate fire from his sub- machine gun killed or wounded four of their number. Shortly after this action, Sergeant Okinaka, though wounded in the ankle by a grenade fragment, crawled back to his platoon and led his men in a flanking movement which led to the capture of the hill.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


OLSON, HARVEY SIGURD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Harvey Sigurd Olson (37023123), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop A, 4th Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized), on 6 June 1944, in France. On that date Sergeant Olson with one companion, displaying the highest courage in the face of unknown dangers, became one of the first American Soldiers of the ground forces to land on French soil. He volunteered for the mission of the landing on D-DAY on the Iles De St Marcouf, a strategically placed island commanding the beach where assault was to be made. Sergeant Olson and his companion paddled through heavy surf and mined waters in a small two-man rubber boat to within 100 yards of the island. Sergeant Olson then destroyed his craft by slashing it open, and swam the remaining distance armed only with a knife. Once on the island, which was heavily covered with anti-tank and anti- personnel mines, Sergeant Olson and his companion signaled the assault forces and marked the beach with lights.
Headquarters, VII Corps, General Orders No. 43 (1944)
Born: December 12, 1920 at Bronson, Minnesota
Home Town: Bronson, Minnesota


*ONAGA, TAKEYASU THOMAS (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Takeyasu Thomas Onaga (30105347), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company I, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 29 October 1944, near Epinal, France. While searching for a vantage point from which to fire his bazooka, an enemy shell burst in his vicinity, toppling a tree upon his comrade and fracturing his arm. Private Onaga stood up in the face of the enemy fire, lifted the tree and enabled the injured man to crawl free. Moving forward he sighted an enemy machine gun 10 to 15 yards from him, and after crawling to a flank position threw a hand grenade which killed the gunner. As he prepared to throw another grenade he was wounded in the neck by a sniper. Instead of calling for help he ran for a distance of 50 yards to a medical aid man and while receiving treatment died of his wound. His actions, without regard for his own safety, reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)
Born: March 11, 1921 at Spreckelsville, Maui, Hawaii
Home Town: Spreckelsville, Maui, Hawaii


O'NEILL, JOSEPH F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Joseph F. O'Neill (33594143), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 53d Armored Engineer Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 February 1945. Although infantry forces were pinned down by a heavy concentration of enemy fire, Sergeant O'Neill moved forward to clear a heavily mined road block that was holding up a task force. Without consideration for personal safety, he continued his work of removing mines and setting demolition charges. The clearing of the road block and removal of the mines enabled tanks to advance and take their objectives. Sergeant O'Neill's actions were highly courageous and reflect great credit upon himself and the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 12 (March 22, 1945)
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


O'NEILL, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert J. O'Neill (12189137), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company C, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 1 April 1945, near Rothenbach, Germany, at about 1700 hours, Sergeant Reynolds and another soldier crawled 100 yards under enemy machine gun, small arms, SP and Panzerfaust fire to silence a machine gun 150 yards away. Within fifty yards of the gun they stood and advanced, barely escaping death, the other soldier firing the gun, and Private First Class O'Neill feeding the ammunition into the light machine gun. When within twenty-five yards of the enemy position they had killed the gun crew of two, wounded one and forced the remaining four enemy around the gun to surrender.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York


ONO, TADASO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Tadaso Ono (30104319), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, on 23 April 1945, in Italy. The leading elements of a platoon were pinned down by hostile small arms fire coming from a house 75 yards to its front. Staff Sergeant Ono and a comrade were in the lead. Working as a team, the two managed, under each other's covering fire to work their way to within 25 yards of the enemy position. Staff Sergeant Ono and his comrade opened up with heavy and rapid fire on the house, simulating a large group of attackers. The ruse worked as the enemy in the house surrendered. He and his comrade took 16 Fascist soldiers prisoner and five others who were found wounded within the house. Later, he was reconnoitering the area in front of his squad's defensive position when he observed a building hidden in a grove of trees. As he approached the building, the enemy opened fire. He hit the dirt and began firing on the building. By his well-aimed fire, 13 hostile troops were forced to surrender. His courageous actions reflects great credit on the military service.
Headquarters, 92d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 97 (October 9, 1945)
Home Town: Schofield Barracks, Hawaii


ORAVEC, AMBROSE I.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Ambrose I. Oravec (33950436), Sergeant [then Private], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Rifleman with Company A, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Quint, Germany, on 4 March 1945. Sergeant Oravec advanced through intense enemy fire to render first aid to a wounded soldiers and, although the enemy was rapidly closing in, he courageously carried the wounded man 700 yards to a place of safety. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Jessup, Pennsylvania


*ORR, JAMES E. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to James E. Orr (35630831), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 25 January 1945. While serving as company aid man Private Orr received an injury which resulted in traumatic amputation of his left leg. Despite the intense pain of his injury and with utter disregard for his own safety he continued to render first aid to the wounded until he himself collapsed. Private Orr died as a result of his wound. His display of courage and supreme devotion to duty served as an inspiration to the other men and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 3 (February 15, 1945)
Home Town: Greenfield, Ohio


ORR, WILLIAM R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William R. Orr (0-305299), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as Executive Officer in Company B, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. When enemy 88's north of Zweibrucken, Germany, prevented the company advance the morning of 21 March 1945, First Lieutenant Orr ignored intense fire to run 300 yards and direct such effective 60-mm. mortar fire that the enemy fled their gun positions. Later he directed Tank Destroyer fire on three enemy manning an observation post, killing two and wounding the third. The company was then able to continue its advance.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Sebastopol, California


*OSBORNE, JAMES J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to James J. Osborne (35619027), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 8th Armored Division in Germany from 29 March 1945 to 31 March 1945. When a tank destroyer was hit by enemy fire, Sergeant Osborne left the safety of his own position, and with a one-quarter ton truck, evacuated the wounded crew. He administered first aid until relieved by medical aid men. On the following day he was at an observation post when it was destroyed by a direct hit. Sergeant Osborne was the only one who escaped injury. Alone, he evacuated the commanding officer and all enlisted men. He then took command of the platoon, reorganized it, and secured a new observation post. His courage and devotion to duty were an inspiration to all and reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 30 (May 9, 1945)
Home Town: Greene County, Ohio


O'SHAUGHNESSY, JAMES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James E. O'Shaughnessy (37601313), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 95th Infantry Division, on 4 March 1945, in the vicinity of Uerdingen, Germany. Advancing through a Uerdingen street with his radio strapped on his back, Sergeant O'Shaughnessy, Company B Communications Sergeant, was fired on by a twelve-man hostile squad. Fearlessly returning the enemy's fire, Sergeant O'Shaughnessy's first volley wounded the lead man of the squad. The remaining eleven Germans, intimidated by Sergeant O'Shaughnessy's forthright, courageous action, surrendered without resistance and led him to their one hundred and five millimeter gun position, on which Sergeant O'Shaughnessy immediately placed a guard to prevent its recapture. His bold, alert actions on this occasion reflect great credit on Sergeant O'Shaughnessy and exemplify the high traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 95th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 82 (1945)


OSHIKATA, GORDON I.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Gordon I. Oshikata (30105776), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, on 1 and 4 November 1944, in France. Private Oshikata crawled forward for a distance of 40 yards under enemy fire to locate a machine gun position which had stopped his company's advance. He then signaled his men to come forward and led them in a frontal assault which put the emplacement out of action and routed the supporting snipers. On 4 November, when two tankmen were seriously wounded during an attack on an enemy strong point he crawled 30 yards to a point behind a tree stump, and with protective fire from his BAR permitted the wounded men to be evacuated to the rear.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 13, (March 3, 1945)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


OVERBY, PAUL IVAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Paul Ivan Overby (38609120), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company B, 58th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in action in Germany on 30 March 1945. Private Overby's platoon was held up by enemy riflemen who, from their entrenched position, controlled a large area. Upon receiving an order to dispose of this enemy, Private Overby exposed himself and opened fire with his automatic rifle. Although wounded in the arm and suffering intense pain from an activated smoke grenade attached to his person, he continued to fire until the enemy had been wiped out. Private Overby's courage and extreme devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 27 (May 6, 1945)
Home Town: Haskell, Texas

P

PAAR, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward J. Paar (32870258), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop A, 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 1 March 1945. When two members of his platoon were pinned down by enemy fire near a road block, Private Paar volunteered to advance in a one-quarter ton vehicle to rescue his comrades. He advanced under intense fire and accomplished evacuation of the two men. His courage and devotion beyond the call of duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 61 (July 4, 1945)
Home Town: Flushing, New York


*PACE, HERMAN W. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Herman W. Pace (33628725), Sergeant [then Corporal], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 422d Infantry Regiment, 106th Infantry Division, on 16 to 21 December 1944, in Belgium. Sergeant Pace was a member of a volunteer patrol whose mission was to penetrate enemy defenses and lead to safety members of his regiment who became cut off and surrounded near Schenberg, Belgium. For five days Sergeant Pace served with this patrol in a courageous manner. Operating under enemy observation and constant fire, this patrol was successful in guiding to safety some fifty American soldiers. During this period much vital enemy information was obtained, food supplies recaptured and an enemy propaganda machine destroyed. The heroic actions of Sergeant Pace reflect credit upon himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 38 (May 22, 1946)
Home Town: Virginia


*PAGEL, ALVIN W. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Alvin W. Pagel (0-1016871), First Lieutenant (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop A, 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 March 1945. When one of his men was pinned down by small arms fire, Lieutenant Pagel moved his armored car to a point where he could cover the withdrawal of the man. By this action, disregarding his own safety, he placed his vehicle in line of direct fire from small arms and 20-mm. mortars. The enlisted man was able to withdraw to safety but Lieutenant Pagel was hit by rifle fire. He lived long enough to order his men to leave the vehicle and to cover them while they made their way to safety. His outstanding bravery and extreme devotion are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 32 (May 11, 1945)
Home Town: Kings County, New York


PARCEL, LOYD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Loyd J. Parcel (37669177), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 158th Engineer Combat Battalion, on 19 December 1944, in Belgium. Stationed at a major road intersection s a member of a rocket launcher team, Private First Class Parcel observed five German tanks approaching. When his weapon failed to fire, he dispatched his comrade to the rear to obtain reinforcements while he remained along at his post. Enemy infantrymen infiltrated into the area and mounted two machine guns to fire upon an advancing convoy. With great personal courage, Private First Class Parcel threw two hand grenades which destroyed both guns and crews. His gallant actions permitted an assault gun of his road block to open fire, retarded the enemy's advance and prevented the destruction of a friendly convoy. By his fearless courage and bravery, Private First Class Parcel reflected great credit on himself and the military service.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 10 (January 17, 1945)
Home Town: Iowa


PARKINSON, GILBERT N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Gilbert N. Parkinson (0-2055042), First Lieutenant (Signal Corps), [then Second Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 3d Signal Company, 3d Infantry Division. On 18 November 1944 at St. Remy, France, First Lieutenant Parkinson laid his telephone lines in advance of the infantry to the proposed bridge site on the Meurthe River. Knowing the proximity of the enemy, he ordered his wire team to remain with the vehicle while he walked and crawled the last two hundred yards to the River and left the line in readiness for the crossing. The following night he went to the River with the assault troops and pulled the line across the River. Although the line was the center of an impact area, First Lieutenant Parkinson constantly patrolled it despite intense mortar and artillery fire. When the bridge washed out he immediately jumped into the icy waters and remained there for approximately thirty minutes in order to make the necessary repairs on the line.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Nampa, Idaho


PARTLETON, FRANCIS L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Francis L. Partleton (33565283), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 March 1945. Corporal Partleton volunteered to lead a small patrol behind enemy lines with a mission of setting up an observation post. When the patrol was pinned down by artillery fire, he exposed himself fearlessly in order to find a covered route forward. When his platoon was later given the mission of gaining contact with the enemy, Corporal Partleton volunteered to maintain this contact, allowing the remainder of the platoon to withdraw to safety. His courage, initiative and outstanding devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 79 (August 2, 1945)
Home Town: Maryland


*PAZ, HENRY J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Henry J. Paz (31407689), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 11 April 1945. Sergeant Paz's squad was pinned down in an open field. In order that they might withdraw to safety, he remained in the open, drawing fire on himself and at the same time directing his squad to cover. He was among a number of casualties and although his wounds were the most critical, he insisted that the others be evacuated first. The bravery and extreme devotion, without thought of self, displayed by Sergeant Paz are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 36 (May 16, 1945)
Home Town: Hartford, Connecticut


PAZ, JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John Paz (39265255), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company K, 361st Infantry Regiment, 91st Infantry Division, on 17 September 1944, near Montepoli, Italy. When his company was subjected to a heavy enemy attack which caused temporary disorganization and threatened to overrun their positions, Private First Class Paz was one of the first to resist the attack. Standing in his fox hole, ignoring the severe fire from enemy machine guns and machine pistols which struck all about him, he coolly maintained a steady stream of fire on the attackers. Twice enemy grenades exploded nearby, shaking him severely, but Private First Class Paz refused to leave his dangerous position. He kept firing constantly, at the same time shouting encouragement to his comrades, pointing out targets to them and otherwise directing their fire. Private first Class Paz did not stop until he was seriously wounded by an enemy grenade. His great personal courage and fine example were an inspiration to the other men and were largely responsible for successfully meeting and driving back the attackers. Private First Class Paz's coolness under fire, determination in the face of the enemy and inspiring leadership have brought credit upon himself and the Army of the United States.
Headquarters, 91st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 49 (November 26, 1944)
Home Town: Los Angeles, California
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


PEARSON, FLOYD T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Floyd T. Pearson (38151557), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 18th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 February 1945. Sergeant Pearson was commander of a tank which was struck by an enemy bazooka fire. Sergeant Pearson, his gunner and his cannoneer were wounded. Without regard for his own safety and although seriously wounded himself, Sergeant Pearson moved 1500 yards under intense small arms and artillery fire to secure medical aid for his more seriously wounded gunner. He insisted on returning to the tank with the medical aid men, but his injuries were so severe he himself had to be evacuated immediately. His courage and devotion beyond the call of duty reflected great credit on himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 54 (June 25, 1945)
Home Town: Oklahoma


PELTIER, JEAN G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Jean G. Peltier, Captain, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 1st Infantry Division in the vicinity of Marode, Germany, on 30 November 1944. Remaining at an exposed observation post despite intense enemy mortar and artillery bombardment, Captain Peltier, with utter disregard for personal safety, skillfully directed accurate artillery fire on enemy installations and troops. Captain Peltier's gallant actions and outstanding devotion to duty reflect great credit upon the Army of the United States.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 32 (1945)
Home Town: Ohio


PENNE, ANDREW L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Andrew L. Penne (39300928), Technician Fourth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with a Field Artillery element of the 9th Infantry Division, on 12 January 1945, during operations in Germany. Technician Fourth Grade Penne's actions reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: Oregon


PENSA, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert L. Pensa (32651201), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as Acting Section Sergeant in Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Fussen, Germany, on 29 April 1945. Braving fierce enemy fire, Corporal Pensa personally reconnoitered a possible route through hostile territory and then courageously led a task force through dangerous enemy positions to capture two strategically important bridges. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York


*PERRAS, FRANCIS J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Francis J. Perras (0-1301535), Second Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 29 November 1943, in the vicinity of Cerasuola, Italy. When his platoon was stopped by wire entanglements and heavy fire in an attack, Lieutenant Perras, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, crawled forward under heavy enemy machine gun and grenade fire and cut a path through the entanglements. Then throwing hand grenades, he led his platoon forward through the path he had made and engaged the enemy. The platoon, inspired by their leader, quickly took and held the position. Lieutenant Perras' superb leadership and courage under fire was an inspiration to his men and a distinct credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 31 (April 29, 1944)
Home Town: Glenn Falls, New York


PERREAULT, ALBERT V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Albert V. Perreault (31303512), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 10 April 1945. When his company was faced by an enemy counterattack, Private Perrault moved out with his squad leader to contact the enemy. He assisted in killing or wounding twelve enemy soldiers which proved to be the bulk of the attacking force. The counterattack was thus repulsed without loss to our troops. His extreme bravery under fire reflects great credit on himself and the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 25 (May 4, 1945)
Home Town: Massachusetts


PESTANA, HIDENOBU EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Hidenobu Edward Pestana (30105993), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company E, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 92d Infantry Division, on 24 April 1945, in Italy. Sergeant Pestana's company was ordered to seize and occupy the town of San Terenzo. One platoon passed through the town and made an encircling movement to engage the enemy from the rear. During this movement, the platoon was surprised by a well-concealed enemy machine gun and snipers which inflicted heavy casualties and pinned it down. Disregarding personal risk in this desperate situation Sergeant Pestana crawled 50 yards toward the machine gun, purposely exposing himself now and then to divert hostile fire from his comrades. He successfully reached a point within 15 yards of the emplacement, exposed himself in a kneeling position, and fired his M-1, killing the gunner and silencing the weapon. Then, skillfully working his way under fire, he reached a house from which a sniper had killed his platoon leader and wounded many others. Under the covering fire of his comrades, he approached the house and forced the sniper to surrender with his M-1. Sergeant Pestana's high aggressiveness reflects great credit on the traditions of the Armed Forces
Headquarters, 92d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 92 (October 1, 1945)
Home Town: Lahaina, Hawaii


PETER, GEORGE L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George L. Peter (36616689), Technical Sergeant [then Staff Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company C, 361st Infantry Regiment, 91st Infantry Division, on 16 September 1944, near Casal, Italy. A squad led by Technical Sergeant Peter, while advancing over a bare exposed area, was suddenly subjected to intense machine gun, sniper and mortar fire from commanding enemy positions on the hill to their front. Technical Sergeant Peter was wounded by a fragment from a mortar shell and his squad was forced to seek cover. Disregarding his own safety and the intense pain from his wound, he ordered his men to take cover in a small draw to the left while he remained behind to cover the withdrawal. As the men withdrew, Technical Sergeant Peter kept up a continuous fire on the enemy positions causing some to cease fire and diverting their attention sufficiently to allow his men to run for the draw. Four men were wounded while making this withdrawal. Courageously refusing to seek cover, he remained at his exposed position drawing fire on himself until the wounded could be evacuated. When Technical Sergeant Peter was finally able to return to his men, he refused medical aid and remained with his men skillfully directing their fire and helping to repel four counterattacks. His gallant act was responsible for saving many lives and materially aided in the eventual successful attack on key positions. Technical Sergeant Peter's gallantry, coolness under fire and unselfish devotion to duty were an inspiration to his men and exemplify the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 91st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 49 (November 26, 1944)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


PETERS, HERMAN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Herman W. Peters (33925045), Private First Class [then Private], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company K, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Under fire from five hostile machine guns and two 20-mm. flak guns located 300 to 500 yards away, Private First Class Peters crawled 50 yards the morning of 26 March 1945, near Lampertheim, Germany, to aid a wounded rifleman. Grazed twice by bullets which ripped through his jacket and seared his leg, he reached the casualty, carried him 25 yards to safety and applied a tourniquet to a ruptured artery, undoubtedly saving the rifleman's life. Later Private First Class Peters made a second mercy mission, going 40 yards on his stomach to reach another wounded man, whom he assisted to a position of safety.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


PETERS, RICHARD W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Richard W. Peters (33575662), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company A, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany during the period 21 January to 26 January 1945. Sergeant Peters was wounded during the second day of action. Despite his injuries he led his men in the capture of pillboxes west of Berg, Germany. Sustaining further shrapnel injuries to both legs he continued to lead his men in the capture of Berg until he finally collapsed. His leadership, boldness and devotion to duty were largely responsible for the success of the offensive. Such actions reflect credit upon himself and the Army of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 1 (February 8, 1945)
Home Town: Philipsburg, Pennsylvania


PETERSON, RAGNAR H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Ragnar H. Peterson (01310634), First Lieutenant (Infantry), [then Second Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company H, 2d Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 4 July 1944, in the vicinity of Rosignano, Italy. When several men of the advance element in his battalion were pinned down by enemy fire, First Lieutenant Peterson deliberately exposed himself and deceived the enemy into directing their fire elsewhere while the men withdrew to safety. Until he was wounded, First Lieutenant Peterson repeatedly drew hostile fire while directing the destruction of many enemy emplacements that wee impeding his battalion's progress. His heroic action, performed at the risk of personal safety, was an inspiration to the men under his command, and reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, General Orders No. 41 (March 9, 1945)
Home Town: Hartford, Connecticut


PETRANEK, EDWIN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edwin C. Petranek, First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving with the 143d Infantry Regiment, 36th Infantry Division, in action on 10 February 1945, in France. During an attack through a wooded area Lieutenant Petranek left his men in a covered position and moved forward alone to reconnoiter a clearing. Shortly after he left the tree line he was fired on and painfully wounded by an enemy machine gun. As enemy artillery shells began bursting in the area, he valiantly crawled forward and observed a cleverly concealed enemy road block. He returned to his men and directed small arms and tank destroyer fire on the position, eliminating the road block and enabling his men to continue forward. Lieutenant Petranek then gallantly remained with his company, refusing to be evacuated for medical treatment until he had led his men to their objective, reorganized the and planned its defense.
Headquarters, 36th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 173 (1945)
Born: September 9, 1916 at White River, South Dakota
Home Town: White River, South Dakota


*PHELPS, CHARLES P. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Charles P. Phelps (0-1317666), Second Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company F, 386th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 16 April 1945, Lieutenant Phelps was selected to reconnoiter, seize and hold sites upon the Wupper River, in Germany, across which a battalion attack could be launched. Fighting their way to the river, Lieutenant Phelps and his men seized two unguarded bridges. After deploying his men to cover the bridge, Lieutenant Phelps fearlessly led four men over the bridge to seize high ground on the far side to protect the bridge site. During this advance he was met with heavy enemy fire from concealed positions and killed. Lieutenant Phelps' gallantry on this occasion for which he made the supreme sacrifice reflected high credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Michigan


PHELPS, WOODROW W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Woodrow W. Phelps (44031583), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 8th Armored Division in Germany on 29 March 1945. Private Phelps served as first aid man with an infantry unit. Although wounded, he refused evacuation until he had rendered all possible aid to the wounded tank crews. His devotion to duty reflects great credit on himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 48 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Alabama


PICARD, SHELTON C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Shelton C. Picard (0-1998344), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 33d Armored Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 12 April 1945, in Germany. First Lieutenant Picard's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Mississippi


PICKETT, BERNARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Bernard Pickett (35003257), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 2d Armored Group, 92d Infantry Division, on 12 and 13 October 1944, in Italy. Staff Sergeant Pickett came across a wounded soldier who had lost considerable blood and dug a foxhole which was being constantly swept by enemy fire. The two men remained in this position for the night and at daybreak Staff Sergeant Pickett lifted the wounded comrade out of the hole and carried him to a friendly outpost. His gallant and courageous action, in disregarding all thought of personal safety to remain with and assist a crippled fellow soldier in the face of enemy fire, unquestionably saved his comrade from death or capture and reflects a dauntless spirit of self-sacrifice deserving of the highest admiration and praise.
Headquarters, 92d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 37 (1944)
Home Town: Ohio


PIPER, JAMES G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James G. Piper (0-40248), Captain, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 12th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, near Mortain, France, during the period 8 to 11 August 1944. Captain Piper's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 30th Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
Department of the Army, General Orders No. 26 (June 9, 1949)


*PLACE, LLOYD C., JR. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Lloyd C. Place, Jr. (31386198), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company L, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. In the afternoon of 20 April 1945, in Almoshof, Germany, Private Place ran 100 yards toward an enemy machine gun and sniper position to liquidate the Germans' defense. Under heavy machine gun and sniper fire, he dashed into the house where the enemy was located, and with his Thompson sub-machine gun he killed four of the enemy and wounded one, eliminating the German emplacement, and allowing his company to go on to its objective. Private Place was killed in a subsequent action.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Providence, Rhode Island


PLANAS, ALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Alvin Planas (30105762), Private, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442d Regimental Combat Team, attached to the 36th Infantry Division, near Biffontaine, France, on 29 October 1944. In an attempt to establish contact with an entrapped battalion of the 141st Infantry Regiment, Company A was suddenly pinned down by direct fire from an enemy tank and several of the men seriously wounded. Private Planas, noticing the helpless condition of his wounded comrades, fearlessly left his covered position and rushed to their aid. Though the enemy continued with his deadly tank fire, Private Planas courageously administered first aid to the wounded and, with the help of a fellow soldier carried them to a place of comparative safety. By his courageous action Private Planas was an inspiration to every member of his unit and reflects credit upon himself and the United States Army.
Headquarters, Sixth Army Group, General Orders No. 3, (January 18, 1945)
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


PLONA, EDWARD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward A. Plona (6979521), Technical Sergeant [then Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company F, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Troina, Sicily, on 3 August 1943. When intense fire from an enemy machine-gun impeded his platoon's advance, Technical Sergeant Plona, directing his men to cover his movement, crept forward and silenced the enemy gun with hand grenades; he then fearlessly led a successful assault on enemy positions. Sergeant Plona's initiative enabled his platoon to take its objective.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Pine Island, New York


PLUMMER, JAMES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James H. Plummer (32660050), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 8th Armored Division in Germany on 11 April 1945. Sergeant Plummer was in command of a reconnaissance patrol. Moving forward on foot they were suddenly faced with enemy fire from three sides. Sergeant Plummer called for supporting fire from the vehicular gun but the gunner had already become a casualty. He then forced seven enemy soldiers into a ditch where he and his comrade took cover. He remained under intense fire for two hours before he was able to work his way 200 yards to contact the infantry commander. Sergeant Plummer then directed medical aid to his men and turned over his prisoners. His actions in the face of grave danger reflect credit on himself and the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 28 (May 7, 1945)
Home Town: Altamont, New York


POGENSKY, BERNARD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Bernard A. Pogensky (12160138), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 119th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, on 24 March 1945, in Germany. On that date, intense enemy fire seriously wounded a man as he was advancing in an attack. Noticing the man fully exposed to enemy view, Private Pogensky moved through the extreme fire for one hundred and fifty yards to the casualty and carried him unassisted to a position where he could be evacuated. Private Pogensky's heroism aided in saving the life of his comrade.
Headquarters, 30th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 137 (June 1, 1945)
Home Town: New York


POINIER, ARTHUR D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Arthur D. Poinier (0-21999), Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving as Commanding Officer, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 26 January 1945. Colonel Poinier's battalion, in combat for the first time, was directed to capture the heavily fortified and strongly defended town of Berg. With total disregard for his own safety, Colonel Poinier personally directed the action. His aggressive leadership so inspired his men that Berg was taken ahead of schedule. While preparing for enemy counter-attack Colonel Poinier was seriously wounded. His personal bravery under fire and his inspiring leadership were largely instrumental in accomplishing his mission and reflect greatest credit upon himself and the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 1 (February 8, 1945)
Home Town: Huntington, Indiana


*POMPILIO, GENNARO (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Gennaro Pompilio (42127948), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company I, 386th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 10 April 1945, near Hulsheid, Germany, Private Pompilio unhesitatingly volunteered to cover the withdrawal of men of his company who were evacuating a seriously wounded man. In the face of heavy enemy fire at a range of 300 yards, Private Pompilio effectively placed fire upon the enemy position until the wounded man was removed to a place of safety. While fighting his way back to his platoon, Private Pompilio was killed. His gallantry on this occasion for which he made the supreme sacrifice reflected high credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Richmond County, New York


POOLAW, PASCAL CLEATUS (KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Pascal Cleatus Poolaw (18131087), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company M, 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, near Recogne, Belgium, on 8 September 1944. While attacking in support of a rifle company, Sergeant Poolaw displaced his machine gun squad forward across an open field under heavy mortar and small arms fire in such a manner as to effect a minimum number of casualties among his squad. After reaching his new position, Sergeant Poolaw saw the enemy advance in a strong counterattack. Standing unflinchingly in the face of withering machine gun fire for five minutes, he hurled hand grenades until the enemy force sustained numerous casualties and was dispersed. Due to Sergeant Poolaw's actions, many of his comrades' lives were saved and the company was able to continue the attack and capture strongly defended enemy positions. Sergeant Poolaw's display of courage, aggressive spirit and complete disregard for personal safety are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 4th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 6 (1946)
Born: January 29, 1922 at Apache, Oklahoma
Home Town: Apache, Oklahoma
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), 2@ Silver Stars (Korea), Silver Star (Vietnam)


POPP, ALFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Alford Popp, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company K, 387th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 25 April 1945, during an attack on the city of Eger, Czechoslovakia, Private Popp volunteered, with another soldier, to contact friendly troops within the city with whom his platoon was out of communication. Boldly dashing across 800 yards of open terrain under heavy enemy fire of all types, he contacted the friendly troops and returned to his platoon with enemy small arms fire falling all about him. He then led elements of his platoon into the city over dangerously exposed ground. Private Popp's daring and gallantry on this occasion reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Kentucky


*POTTICARY, GEORGE W. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to George W. Potticary (17080531), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 7th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 22 January 1945. Sergeant Potticary led his squad in the capture of a strong point. During the advance his squad was under constant fire from mortar, artillery and automatic weapons. Obtaining his objective, he organized it against a counterattack and continued to the aid of a platoon which had been trapped for two days. During this action Sergeant Potticary was killed. The action undertaken by Sergeant Potticary was above and beyond the call of duty. He displayed heroism and intrepid leadership which exemplifies the highest traditions of the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 3 (February 15, 1945)
Home Town: Watertown, South Dakota


POWERS, WILLIAM L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William L. Powers, Jr. (15300213), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action on 9 November 1942. Private First Class Powers volunteered as a driver in a convoy of seven trucks for a trip of twenty miles in the vicinity of ***** Algeria, departing at 0200 hours on 9 November 1942. The convoy was halted twice by enemy artillery and rifle fire. Two of the trucks were struck and had to be abandoned. Allied patrols advised turning back, but the convoy continued. About five miles east of *****, the trucks were stopped again, bitter fighting was still going on in the town, making passage by the main road impossible. The trip was continued by a circuitous route of back roads and mud trails. In the town of *****, snipers were again present, but the trucks pushed through, reaching their destination at about 0800 hours, 9 November 1942. Three round trips were made under similar conditions by the same crew, without sleep for thirty-six hours. By this act of gallantry, Private First Class Powers helped keep a salient Air Base supplied with the necessary materials thereby keeping our Aircraft in the air. The courage displayed by Private First Class Powers reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Home Town: London, Ohio


PRESTON, JOHN N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John N. Preston (38081426), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in the vicinity of El Guettar, Tunisia on 29 March 1943, while a member of Company H, 47th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. During an artillery, mortar, and machine gun concentration of such intensity as to pin down three companies, Private Preston courageously faced this heavy enemy fire to deliver a message to the platoon leaders of Company H. The delivered message, which ordered the men to remain in the ditch and counteracted a previous order to withdraw, prevented a great increase in casualties. Private Preston's outstanding courage, exemplary conduct in the face of enemy danger, and disregard for his own life and personal safety are in the highest traditions of the United States Army and reflect great credit on himself and the military services.
Department of the Army, General Orders No. 16 (April 10, 1968)


PRICE, ORSELL C., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Orsell C. Price, Jr. (0-1010627), First Lieutenant (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 1st Infantry Division. When he and a small group of men were fired upon from two enemy machine gun nests, Lieutenant Price fearlessly led his men in a frontal attack on one of the guns, captured it, and took several prisoners. Lieutenant Price's courage, devotion to duty, and dauntless action under exceptionally heavy enemy machine gun fire inspired the men under his command.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 64 (November 23, 1943)
Home Town: Mt. Clemens, Michigan


PRISTAS, ANDREW E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Andrew E. Pristas (13022578), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division near Pinamopoani, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 5 and 6 November 1944. On 5 November 1944, Sergeant Pristas was commanding a platoon of heavy .30 caliber machine guns, when two companies of the battalion were cut off by the enemy. In the face of enemy fire and with complete disregard for his own personal safety, Sergeant Pristas went from machine gun to machine gun of his platoon, checking on ammunition and targets, steadying, and instilling confidence in his men. When withdrawal was ordered after three enemy attacks on the night of 5 - 6 November 1944, he remained behind with one section of his machine guns to cover the withdrawal of his company, firing upon the advancing enemy for fully one-half hour and successfully carrying out his mission. His outstanding courage and devotion to duty in the face of enemy fire is worthy of the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Conneautville, Pennsylvania


*PROKOP, NICHOLAS J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Nicholas J. Prokop (33594448), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy in Germany on 5 March 1945. Sergeant Prokop, a squad leader, was assigned the mission of seizing enemy-occupied houses. He led his men through intense enemy fire to the point of action. It was necessary for Sergeant Prokop to return and reorganize those who had been cut off by machine gun fire. Exposing himself to accomplish this, he was wounded by small arms fire. Disregarding his wound and refusing aid, he continued. While leading his squad in the ensuing action, Sergeant Prokop was mortally wounded. His extreme devotion to duty, without thought of self, is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 20 (April 22, 1945)
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


PRUITT, BILLY H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Billy H. Pruitt, Private First Class [then Private], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving as a Medical Aidman with the Medical Detachment, 303d Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 30 April 1945, Near Barnau, Germany, Private Pruitt unhesitatingly went to the side of a wounded officer in the face of heavy enemy fire and administered aid. He then crawled to the side of another wounded man and administered aid until the casualty he was attending was again hit by enemy fire and died. Only when it was determined that further aid was useless dir Private Pruitt withdraw to a place of safety. His disregard for his own safety and his gallantry on this occasion reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Indiana


PUDUA, RAYMUNDO T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Raymundo T. Pudua (10800709), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the Medical Department, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 12th Medical Battalion (Philippine Scouts), in action on 26 April 1942 at Corregidor, Philippine Islands. During heavy artillery fire, Private Pudua courageously administered first aid to wounded soldiers at Middle Side Barracks and evacuated them under shell fire without regard for his personal safety.
Department of the Army, General Orders No. 65 (September 2, 1948)

Q

QUAYLE, THOMAS B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Thomas B. Quayle (0-1297250), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 1 April 1945, in Germany. First Lieutenant Quayle's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Connecticut


QUINN, MARTIN E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Martin E. Quinn (0-1012619), First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company C, 245th Tank Battalion, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy at Normandy, France, on 9 June 1944. First Lieutenant Quinn's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 1st Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 42 (February 17, 1945)
Home Town: East Chicago, Indiana

R

RABE, WILLIAM M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William M. Rabe (36661292), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. At 2130 hours, 24 December 1944, near Sigelsheim, France, when powerful enemy artillery and mortar concentrations severed wire communications between the rifle companies of the 2d Battalion and the Battalion Command Post, Technician Fifth Grade Rabe and another soldier inched their way over 600 yards of shell-battered terrain and repaired those lines. Despite artillery and mortar shells that burst within thirty yards of these men, they indomitably edged their way forward and mended innumerable other breaks. While returning to the Battalion Command Post, these soldiers were painfully wounded by shell fragments, but continued to crawl and drag themselves, checking the lines. Three hundred yards from the Command Post these two men serviced still another break, thus providing continued and uninterrupted wire communication in the 2d Battalion.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Jasper, Indiana


RAMEE, ERIC P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Eric P. Ramee (0-19961), Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 24th Infantry Division near Pinamopoan,, Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 5 and 6 November 1944. On the afternoon of 5 November 1944 Colonel Ramee had gone on reconnaissance preparatory to the committing of his battalion into combat. At this time a nearby artillery forward observer party was assaulted by Japanese infantry. Colonel Ramee immediately ordered a rifle platoon to the rescue. When the enemy assault proved to be an attack in force, he committed another reinforced rifle company and took personal command of the forces involved. As the attack progressed, the enemy employed machine guns, mortars, and field artillery with telling effect. However, Colonel Ramee, with great skill and cool-headed bravery, conducted the defense in such a manner as to inflict the maximum casualties on the enemy while suffering minimum losses to his own forces. Due almost entirely to his efforts, the enemy attack was repulsed and when it became necessary to withdraw on the morning of 6 November 1944, Colonel Ramee although practically cut off, and harassed by pursuing enemy, executed a masterful withdrawal by a circuitous route, thereby succeeding in evacuating all wounded men without sustaining further losses. Colonel Ramee's exemplary conduct throughout this entire engagement was an inspiration to his fellow officers and men, and is in accord with the highest traditions of the military service.
Headquarters, 24th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (December 5, 1944)
Home Town: Northampton, Massachusetts


RAMUNDO, LOUIS J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Louis J. Ramundo (33146389), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company E, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Gela, Sicily, on 13 July 1943. When besieging enemy forces threatened his company's position, Private First Class Ramundo, despite intense mortar and small-arms fire, courageously remained at his forward command post and utilized his weapon to deliver most effective fire on the advancing enemy. His initiative and coolness were instrumental in breaking a powerful enemy thrust.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


RANDLEMAN, MAX
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Max Randleman, Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company E, 303d Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 2 May 1945, Sergeant Randleman was advancing with his company in an assault on Hermansreuth, Germany, when it came under withering enemy fire. With utter disregard of his own safety, Sergeant Randleman advanced alone over 100 yards of open terrain to a position from which he placed such effective machine gun fire upon the enemy positions that his company's advance could continue. His courageousness and gallantry on this occasion reflect high credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Arkansas


RANKIN, JAMES C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James C. Rankin (0-392340), Captain (Infantry), [then First Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Holland on 25 February 1945. While leading his men in the battle for Voorsel, Holland, Captain Rankin suffered a serious leg injury from a "schu-mine". He refused treatment until the town had been taken and defenses set up. His bravery and determination were an inspiration to the men of his command. Captain Rankin's actions are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 20 (April 22, 1945)
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


RAY, GILBERT E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Gilbert E. Ray (35079974), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Rifleman with Company B, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Ehrang, Germany, on 5 March 1945. When four assault boats were sunk by enemy mortar fire, Private First Class Ray, braving intense hostile fire, waded into the river to rescue two wounded soldiers from almost certain drowning, and then carried the wounded men over 500 yards of exposed terrain to safety. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Pestonburg, Kentucky


*RAY, NEILL M. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Neill M. Ray (0-1289802), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), attached to the 34th Infantry Division, on 8 November 1943, in the vicinity of Pozzilli, Italy. Lieutenant Ray, Forward Observer for an 81-mm. mortar platoon, was in position at an Observation Post located on the crest of a hill, forward of the advance infantry elements. The Observation Post was almost untenable because of intense and continuous enemy artillery fire. During the course of the morning the enemy launched two counterattacks, preceded by a heavy artillery barrage. Lieutenant Ray, however, remained in his position and coolly adjusted the fire of the mortars, although his position was being constantly shelled. Both time the enemy, estimated at two companies, were repulsed by mortar fire directed from his Observation Post. Ach time he observed the enemy forming for a counterattack, Lieutenant Ray directed as many as forty mortar shells on them, breaking up their columns. He maintained this position all morning, directing effective fire until his and his assistants were killed by a tree burst from an enemy shell. His coolness under fire and his courage and bravery in the face of almost certain death were an inspiration to his men and a credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 6 (January 25, 1944)
Home Town: Jasper, Tennessee


READ, EARL W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Earl W. Read (39342215), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. Private Read, though pinned down by small arms and automatic weapons fire, continued to operate his radio, enabling his company commander to control his company. It was necessary for him to expose himself frequently to enemy fire, which he did without regard for his own safety. On another occasion he left cover of a building under heavy enemy fire to obtain better reception and maintain communications with a task force. Later he left a covered position and completely exposed to sniper fire, transmitted instructions to supporting tanks. His courage and devotion beyond the call of duty resulted in his platoon's success with minimum casualties. His actions reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 50 (June 21, 1945)
Home Town: Medford, Oregon


REARDON, BERNARD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Bernard A. Reardon (0-1319249), Captain (Infantry), [then First Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company D, 276th Infantry Regiment, 70th Infantry Division, on 18 February 1945. During the attack upon a strongly defended enemy position on a hill near Oetingen, France, when his company was temporarily halted by hostile automatic weapons fire and booby-trapped barbed wire, Captain Reardon, armed only with hand grenades and a Thompson submachine gun, moved to the fore of his company and, disregarding the heavy enemy fire, led an assault upon his objective. Despite being wounded in the leg, Captain Reardon pressed the attack with such vigor and aggressiveness, throwing hand grenades and firing his submachine gun, that his troops, inspired by his example of courage and audacity, swept over and demolished a seemingly impregnable enemy position.
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 93 (August 11, 1945)
Home Town: Missoula, Montana


REEDY, GEORGE W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George W. Reedy (13023740), Staff Sergeant [then Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company E, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in the vicinity of Niscomi, Sicily, on 29 July 1943. When hostile forces impeded his company's advance, Staff Sergeant Reedy fearlessly proceeded across fire-swept terrain and utilized hand grenades to destroy enemy machine-gun emplacements located in rocky cliffs. His indomitable courage and aggressiveness enabled his unit to accomplish its mission with minimum losses.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Falls Hill, Virginia


REID, DONALD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Donald J. Reid (33055041), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Platoon Sergeant with Company B, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Launstrof, France, on 22 November 1944. When his platoon was pinned down by hostile fire, Technical Sergeant Reid braved fierce enemy fire to direct an orderly withdrawal of his forces. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Morris Run, Pennsylvania


REIMER, CHARLES M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Charles M. Reimer (0-555990), First Lieutenant (Field Artillery), [then Second Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy in Germany on 29 March, 1 April and 4 April 1945. First Lieutenant Reimer exhibited outstanding qualities of leadership and skill in employing his platoon. He volunteered to go on a reconnaissance mission in an enemy-held town under friendly artillery and air bombardment. During this mission he captured a prisoner who divulged valuable information. When all tanks of his platoon had been knocked out, he maneuvered to the rear and flank of the enemy and knocked out two Mark IV tanks, destroying another vehicle and scoring hits on a Tiger Tank, forcing it to withdraw. His leadership and devotion to duty without consideration for his own safety was an inspiration to all and reflects great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 20 (April 22, 1945)
Home Town: Illinois


RESOR, STANLEY R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Stanley R. Resor (0-374499), Major (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as Executive Officer of the 420th Field Artillery Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Neustadt, Germany, on 20 March 1945. When the task force commander and several officers became casualties, Major Resor, braving intense hostile fire, assumed command and reorganized his men to successfully overcome furious enemy resistance. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Greenwich, Connecticut


REYNOLDS, JOHN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to John E. Reynolds (36905802), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company C, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 1 April 1945, near Rothenbach, Germany, at about 1700 hours, Sergeant Reynolds and another soldier crawled 100 yards under enemy machine gun, small arms, SP and Panzerfaust fire to silence a machine gun 150 yards away. Within fifty yards of the gun they stood and advanced, barely escaping death, Sergeant Reynolds firing a light machine gun from the hip and the other soldier feeding the ammunition into the gun. When within twenty-five yards of the enemy position they had killed the gun crew of two, wounded one and forced the remaining four enemy around the gun to surrender.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Wood River, Illinois


RICCIO, EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Eugene Riccio (32913649), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 18th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized), on 16 December 1944, in Belgium. Upon learning that a soldier was painfully wounded, Private First Class Riccio voluntarily drove his vehicle through intense enemy fire and reached the helpless man. Encountering small arms fire of hostile riflemen on his return trip, Private First Class Riccio broke through the encircling enemy and safely evacuated his wounded passenger to an aid station.
Headquarters, 1st Army, General Orders No. 26 (February 14, 1945)
Home Town: New Jersey


*RICH, FRANK (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Frank Rich (0-1017026), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 36th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. Lieutenant Rich displayed outstanding leadership during an assault on a heavily fortified enemy position. When his company commander was wounded, he gathered together the remnants of his company and carried the attack forward. He led his men on the ground and from his tank, exposing himself to enemy fire. Without consideration for his own safety, he went to the aid of the wounded. His quick reorganization of the company under fire and his skill and aggressive leadership are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 15 (March 27, 1945)
Home Town: Hennepin County, Minnesota


RICHARDSON, HOWARD L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Howard L. Richardson (34078505), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with an Armored Battalion of the 1st Infantry Division. When enemy fire disabled his tank and severely wounded his platoon leader, Corporal Richardson, despite his own painful wound, remained with the injured man under intense artillery fire until evacuation was possible. His fearless and unselfish action typifies the highest traditions of the Armored Forces.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 64 (November 23, 1943)
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


RICHTER, ARTHUR F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Arthur F. Richter (0-2055237), First Lieutenant (Infantry), [then Second Lieutenant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company A, 756th Tank Battalion, 3d Infantry Division. On the afternoon of 16 March 1945, First Lieutenant Richter, in command of a platoon of five tanks in support of an infantry battalion, attacked the town of Utweiler, Germany, which was strongly held by German Infantry, 9 armored self-propelled guns, a 77-mm. anti-tank gun, and 3 flak wagons. Preceding the infantry by about 150 yards, his tank led the attack all the way and knocked out 4 self-propelled guns. During half the action, his turret was jammed, forcing him to aim his 76-mm. gun by turning his tank, thereby being further exposed. Throughout the action he exposed his head and shoulders outside the turret to enemy artillery, machine gun, and small arms fire. He was so close to the enemy that he personally killed a German with his pistol from the turret. He cleared machine guns and riflemen from the buildings to allow the infantry to advance. By his courage and exceptional skill, First Lieutenant Richter made it possible for the town to be taken and to break the main German defense before the Siegfried Line.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Seattle, Washington


RIDER, LESTER P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Lester P. Rider (36983223), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 21 April 1945, in Germany. Private First Class Rider's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Illinois


*RIGHINI, CHARLES J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Charles J. Righini (34821198), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company B, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 3 March and 7 March 1945. Private Righini was Scout for a rifle squad. On 3 March 1945 he aided the first platoon leader and two other men in the capture of 35 prisoners who had been manning anti-tank guns. To accomplish this mission they entered an enemy strong point, under heavy fire from other positions. On 7 March 1945 he scouted the platoon's objective. After this position was taken he voluntarily went beyond the platoon's zone of action to wipe out snipers in nearby buildings. He captured one prisoner and returned with valuable information on location and strength of enemy positions. His courage and devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 86 (August 10, 1945)
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia


RISSMILLER, EARL B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Earl B. Rissmiller (0-1016880), First Lieutenant (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Troop C, 88th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 March 1945. Lieutenant Rissmiller's platoon was given the mission of contacting the enemy for a task force. When he encountered fire from an occupied town, he sent back word to the main force, then continued on into town. He had succeeded in clearing nearly half the town before tanks and infantry arrived. As heavy artillery and anti-tank fire started coming in on their position, Lieutenant Rissmiller went out into the clearing, reorganized the group, and withdrew them to cover. His quick action and clear, decisive thinking greatly reduced casualties and reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 48 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Shillington, Pennsylvania


RISTAINO, PATRICK M.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Patrick M. Ristaino (11111492), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Squad Leader with Company C, 61st Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Offenbach, Germany, on 22 March 1945. Technical Sergeant Ristaino, braving fierce enemy fire, assumed command of and personally led an infantry platoon in a successful attack upon hostile positions, and although painfully wounded, refused evacuation until he had directed the evacuation of 18 wounded comrades. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: Franklin, Massachusetts


RIVARD, MAURICE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Maurice J. Rivard (11063919), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 27 February 1945, in Germany. Private First Class Rivard's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Rhode Island


RIVERS, HENRY H., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Henry H. Rivers, Jr. (31469811), Private, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in the vicinity of *****, Germany, on 30 March 1945. As a crew member of a tank dozer which was stranded, Private Rivers drove to the rear top seek help. Upon entering a wooded area, they met two other vehicles and were fired upon, the Captain-in-charge being killed. Private Rivers displayed outstanding gallantry, leadership and coolness in covering the withdrawal of the remainder f the men to safety. His actions exemplify the highest traditions of the Corps of Engineers.
Headquarters, 6th Armored Division, General Orders No. 167 (June 5, 1945)
Home Town: Massachusetts


ROARK, GEORGE J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George J. Roark, Jr. (0-367204), Captain (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Battery, 5th Field Artillery Battalion, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Gela, Sicily, on 10 July 1943. During landing operations, Captain Roark skillfully established and maintained communications with supporting warships despite determined enemy resistance. His accurate adjustment of naval gunfire materially aided our forces in repelling an enemy counterattack.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida


*ROBEL, VINCENT D. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Vincent D. Robel (19112135), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company F, 274th Infantry Regiment, 70th Infantry Division, on 25 February 1945. When his company withdrew under pressure of a strong night counterattack on Spicheren Heights, France, Sergeant Robel, with his first gunner, remained with his light machinegun to cover the withdrawal. Although he was killed during the action, Sergeant Robel's effective handling of the gun was the deciding factor in repelling the enemy attack and enabling his company to regain its position. He gallant sacrifice exemplifies the highest standards of courage in the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 29 (April 16, 1945)
Home Town: Snoqualmie, Washington


ROBERTS, DONALD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Donald C. Roberts, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company K, 386th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 7 April 1945, near Hanschied, Germany, while attacking with his platoon, Private Roberts boldly advanced upon an enemy pillbox in the face of heavy automatic weapons fire and, firing his automatic rifle through the embrasure of the pillbox, killed five of the enemy, captured three and reduced the position. His gallantry on this occasion permitted the rapid accomplishment of his platoon's mission and reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 37 (June 10, 1945)
Home Town: California


ROBERTS, JAMES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to James H. Roberts (0-1291700), First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Service Company, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, in action against the enemy in the vicinity of Gela, Sicily, on 10 July 1943. Despite constant enemy bombing and strafing during landing operations, First Lieutenant Roberts fearlessly exposed himself aboard his ship and skillfully directed the unloading of vehicles and supplies. His courageous leadership and initiative under fire set an example to his men and contributed materially to the success of the operation.
Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division, General Orders No. 23 (May 27, 1944)
Home Town: Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan


ROBERTSON, GEORGE M., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George M. Robertson, Jr. (0-1176782), Second Lieutenant (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy in the vicinity of ****, Germany on 5 April 1945. Serving as a forward observer between the outpost and the main body, Second Lieutenant Robertson observed four self-propelled guns and approximately one hundred fifty enemy infantrymen making an attack on his position. From his vantage point in the second story of a building, he killed the commander of the leading self-propelled gun, with his pistol, causing the gun to fall back. He then returned to his radio, under heavy enemy fire, and successfully directed artillery fire, causing the enemy to retreat. Later, Second Lieutenant Robertson killed and wounded several enemy soldiers, in mopping up the town. His gallantry and disregard for personal safety is in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Army.
Headquarters, 6th Armored Division, General Orders No. 79 (May 3, 1945)
Home Town: Minnesota


*ROBERTSON, JAMES R. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to James R. Robertson (34088597), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Company C, ** Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division, on ** May 1943, in Tunisia, North Africa. When enemy machine gun fire pinned down his patrol, Sergeant Robertson and another soldier volunteered for a combat patrol to destroy the enemy gun. The patrol accomplished their mission but during the action another enemy machine gun fired on them killing Sergeant Robertson instantly. The bravery, initiative and devotion to duty of Sergeant Robertson was an inspiration to his men and is a credit to the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 34th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 17 (May 28, 1943)
Home Town: Gainesville, Georgia
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


ROBINSON, DAVID N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to David N. Robinson, Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Company I, 386th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 10 April 1945, near Hulscheid, Germany, when his company's advance was halted by intense artillery and small arms fire, Technical Sergeant Robinson, and another soldier, fearlessly moved forward to within 20 yards of an enemy 88-mm. gun position, killed one of the enemy and captured three. Upon returning the prisoners to his unit, Technical Sergeant Robinson learned that his comrade had been seriously wounded in the action. Unhesitatingly and without utter regard of his own safety, Technical Sergeant Robinson moved forward under heavy small arms fire and removed the wounded man to a place of safety. His gallantry on this occasion reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: Pennsylvania


*ROBINSON, KENNETH R. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Kenneth R. Robinson (0-1017113), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 36th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. Lieutenant Robinson displayed outstanding leadership during an assault on a heavily fortified enemy position. He quickly reorganized the company when his company commander was wounded. Without consideration for his own safety, he led his men until their mission was accomplished. His aggressive leadership and courage were an inspiration to all and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 15 (March 27, 1945)
Home Town: Girard, Pennsylvania


ROCHHOLZ, HAROLD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Harold J. Rochholz (37040183), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company A, 18th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 28 March 1945. During an attack on a heavily fortified enemy town, Corporal Rochholz's tank was struck by artillery fire, killing two crew members and wounding the tank commander. Corporal Rochholz removed the wounded officer while under heavy artillery and machine gun fire, Without regard for his own safety, he went for medical aid and assisted in the evacuation of the wounded. He was constantly under machine gun, sniper and artillery fire. His actions reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the united States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 24 (May 3, 1945)
Home Town: Iowa


RODERIQUES, WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William Roderiques (11045826), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Squad Leader with Company A, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division, at Irsch, Germany, on 25 February 1945. When a tank column was halted by hostile bazooka fire, Staff Sergeant Roderiques, although wounded, organized a patrol and bravely led his men in destroying enemy positions. His gallant achievement reflects great credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 10th Armored Division, General Orders No. 158 (July 11, 1945)
Home Town: New Bedford, Massachusetts


ROGERS, WILLIAM J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to William J. Rogers (11083935), Staff Sergeant [then Sergeant], U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 10 March 1945. Staff Sergeant Rogers left a protected position to rescue members of a tank crew. The tank had been knocked out by enemy fire and immediately burst into flames. Sergeant Rogers, without consideration for his own safety, exposed himself to the enemy fire to effect the rescue. His deed was further complicated by the exploding, stowed ammunition. His courage and heroism were beyond the call of duty and reflect credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 15 (March 27, 1945)
Home Town: New Hampshire


ROGGENBURG, JOSEPH F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Joseph F. Roggenburg, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action in connection with a military operation against an armed enemy while serving with Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 387th Infantry Regiment, 97th Infantry Division. On 24 April 1945 near Huntsbach, Germany, Staff Sergeant Roggenburg was a member of a road reconnaissance patrol which came upon an enemy machine gun position. After returning and reporting the position of the gun Staff Sergeant Roggenburg volunteered to guide a patrol to attack the position. Approaching the enemy gun, he challenged it and was met with heavy fire which wounded one man of the patrol. In the face of enemy fire, Staff Sergeant Roggenburg helped to remove the casualty to a ditch and move to the rear for assistance. After calling for fire upon the position, Staff Sergeant Roggenburg guided an aid man to his fallen comrade. His gallantry on this occasion reflects high credit upon himself and the Armed Forces.
Headquarters, 97th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 38 (June 11, 1945)
Home Town: New York


ROHAN, WILLIAM G.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in Lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star Medal to William G. Rohan (32112900), Corporal, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Medical Aidman with the 39th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On ** August 1943, in the vicinity of *******, Sicily, with utter disregard for his personal safety and under intense machine gun, mortar and artillery fire, Corporal Rohan administered first aid to the wounded men of his battalion. Tirelessly he worked to bring aid and relief to his wounded comrades and assisted in the evacuation of the wounded from the battle area. His outstanding devotion to duty and his personal bravery under enemy fire were of great inspiration to all who witnessed his actions and resulted in saving many lives.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (September 27, 1943)
Home Town: Rockland, New York


ROLEN, CRAIG A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Craig A. Rolen (36775897), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving as a Rifleman with Company I, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Under fire from enemy machine guns 300 yards away, Private First Class Rolen went to the aid of a wounded comrade during fighting near Lampertheim, Germany, on the morning of 26 March 1945. Firing his rifle as he crawled he fought his way 75 yards to the casualty after wounding an enemy sniper en route. Then, while assisting the casualty to cover, he stood erect to duel with a second enemy rifleman 300 yards away and wounded or killed him.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: East St. Louis, Illinois


*ROMBERG, FREDERICK ALBERT (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Frederick Albert Romberg (36823878), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 85th Infantry Regiment, 10th Infantry Division, on 14 April 1945, near Castel d'Aiano, Italy. When well-emplaced snipers held up the advance of an assault company and deadly mortar and artillery fire swept the immobilized men, Private First Class Romberg acted as the first scout for a platoon sent around the flank to wipe out the hostile snipers. Advancing ahead of his comrades, he crept to within a short distance of a building which housed three snipers, who had been particularly effective in their fire. With no more cover available, he then rose to his feet and charged the emplacement. All hostile fire was directed at him, but he continued throwing grenades, killing all of the three snipers and enabling his company to advance. Inspired by his gallant deed, his comrades overran all enemy resistance and quickly secured their first objective. Private First Class Romberg, by his extreme heroism in the face of great danger to expedite the assault, has earned the undying memory of all who witnessed his splendid action, and perpetual commemoration in the finest traditions of the united states army.
Headquarters, 10th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 92 (1945)
Born: November 14, 1924 at Larium, Michigan
Home Town: Larium, Michigan


ROSE, GEORGE BYRON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George Byron Rose (34259053), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 39th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. On 12 August 1943, in the vicinity of Randazzo, Sicily, moving forward with a party to establish an advance communications switch, the vehicle in which Private Rose was riding was halted well to the rear in the convoy. Voluntarily and with complete disregard for personal safety, Private First Class Rose, while under enemy observation, left his vehicle and crawled down the side of the road for a distance of approximately 500 yards to where members of this party had been killed and injured by enemy artillery fire and mines. He worked continuously for seven hours, pulling the wounded into positions of comparative safety and removing the dead from enemy shellfire. During this period, although under constant enemy artillery, mortar and intermittent machine gun fire, and in constant danger from anti-personnel mines, Private First Class Rose doggedly refused to leave his wounded comrades and continued to render first aid until medical attention was available. The gallantry exhibited by Private First Class Rose in voluntarily leaving a position of security to bring relief to wounded comrades, was of profound inspiration to those who witnessed the action and will be long remembered by his comrades. This outstanding personal courage, bravery and devotion to duty was in accordance with the highest ideals of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 83 (September 27, 1943)
Born: December 15, 1914 at Sampson, North Carolina
Home Town: Fayetteville, North Carolina


ROSE, HERBERT, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Herbert Rose, Jr. (0-1301543), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion, in action against the enemy on 23 December 1944, near *****, Belgium. On that date, at 1600, Company C completed its mission of securing a road junction, in the face of enemy opposition. While consolidating the position for defense, heavy artillery, mortar, and tank fire was placed upon the area by the enemy. At the same time a strong counterattack of about battalion strength, supported by five Tiger Tanks, was launched. During the initial phase of this enemy counterattack, Lieutenant Rose left the house in which he had established his Command Post, and proceeded, in full view of the enemy, along the entire front, to encourage and advise his men. The counterattack was stopped and tied down. Shortly after returning to his Command Post, the enemy tanks went into action, destroying four friendly tanks which had been supporting Company C. One of the enemy tanks, after the breakthrough, proceeded to within a short distance of the Company Command Post and fired nine rounds into the house. Lieutenant Rose was severely wounded, as were several other members of the Command Post personnel. Despite the seriousness of his wounds, Lieutenant Rose refused to be evacuated for medical attention until after he had personally conducted the relieving officer on a tour of the company positions and outlined the situation to him. Lieutenant Rose's courageous action reflects much credit on himself and his unit.
Headquarters, XVIII Corps (Airborne), G. O. No. 10 (January 22, 1945)
Home Town: New Jersey


ROSEBOROUGH, MORGAN G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Morgan G. Roseborough (0-22681), Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. During the attack on an enemy-held city, Colonel Roseborough, commander of a task force, continually exposed himself to small arms, machine gun and 88-mm. fire in order to maintain communications with his subordinate commanders. When his tank failed, he dismounted and personally assisted in getting it started. He completed the action by directing a platoon in its attack on its final objective. Later he took command of a company and during its attack he continually exposed himself to artillery and small arms fire in order to maintain communications. His actions were inspirational to all members of his command and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 12 (March 22, 1945)
Home Town: Mississippi


ROSEBURY, RICHARD W., JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star Medal to Richard W. Rosebury, Jr. (0-1307753), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the Raider Platoon, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. On 16 March 1945, at 1400 hours, First Lieutenant Rosebury and one of his men dashed 50 yards to capture an enemy machine gun and its crew of three. First Lieutenant Rosebury and his man then observed two enemy SP guns 400 yards away and directed tank fire that knocked out the guns and greatly aided the regiment's advance through the Seigfried Line.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Pleasantville, New York


ROSEN, GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to George Rosen (32014166), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action and disregard for personal safety while serving with the 9th Infantry Division, on 27 December 1944, during operations in Belgium. Sergeant Rosen's actions reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 9th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 19 (January 31, 1945)
Home Town: New York


*ROSENBERRY, KENNETH R. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Kenneth R. Rosenberry (13000769), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action at Fort Mills, Corregidor, Philippine Islands, on 6 May 1942. When the rest of Battery F, 60th Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft) Regiment, moved into beach defense reserve, Private Rosenberry remained at the battery position to help man antiaircraft machine guns. Although without previous machine gun experience and constantly subjected to heavy enemy artillery bombardment and furious strafing and bombing attacks, he delivered accurate machine gun fire on all enemy targets which came within range. Subsequently, when ordered to destroy the battery's equipment preparatory to surrender, he not only aided in the destruction of much material but also in firing two twelve-inch guns at an enemy area in such a way that these powerful weapons were rendered useless by their own discharge. By his gallant devotion to duty at the risk of his life, Private Rosenberry made a conspicuous contribution to the heroic defense of Corregidor. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 223 (October 4, 1945)
Home Town: Dallastown, Pennsylvania


ROSENBLUTH, DAVID CHARLES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to David Charles Rosenbluth (32828105), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving while serving with Company A, 141st Infantry Regiment, 36th Infantry Division, in action against the enemy on 17 March 1945 in France. As a rifle platoon was dismounting from a truck, an enemy self-propelled gun opened fire. One shell landed in the midst of the group, killing several men and wounding a number of others. Private First Class Rosenbluth quickly rallied the remaining men and led them to a covered location. Then while shells continued to burst in the area, he returned to the casualties, applied expert first aid to the most seriously wounded and, with the help of others, carried them to a place of safety. By his gallant act, with utter disregard for his own life, Private First Class Rosenbluth assisted in saving the lives of many of his comrades.
Headquarters, 36th Infantry Division, General Orders No. 172 (1945)
Born: June 18, 1921 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Bronze Star, Purple Heart


*ROSSLAND, ARTHUR B. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to Arthur B. Rossland (37169946), Sergeant, U.S. Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against an armed enemy while serving with Company A, ** Tank Destroyer Battalion, 63d Infantry Division, in action against the enemy on 19 March 1945, at Ensheim, Germany. Sergeant Rossland directed the fire and deployment of his tank destroyer in close support of infantry elements in the attack on enemy positions within the Siegfried Line. Despite the continuous barrage of hostile artillery, mortar and small arms fire, Sergeant Rossland, from his exposed position in the destroyer's turret, determinedly directed his destroyer forward to engage repeatedly the enemy in point-blank combat. During this action, he was struck by enemy artillery fire which mortally wounded him. The inspiring leadership and devotion to duty displayed by Sergeant Rossland are deserving of the highest praise and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service, reflecting great credit upon himself, the 63d Infantry Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 63d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 90 (April 11, 1945)
Home Town: Marmon, North Dakota
Personal Awards: Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


ROTH, ROBERT M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Robert M. Roth, Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy at Luzon, Philippine Islands on 12 May 1945. Private Roth, moving with a patrol to a forward position through a dry streambed bordered by thick brush encountered fire from an enemy ambush. The patrol dispersed quickly and in scrambling over the stream bank toward a knoll, a machine gun was dropped. Without regard for his own life, Private Roth ran back, picked up the gun and set it up on the forward slope of the knoll firing at the enemy until the rest of the group were able to get through to the other side of the hill. Only when all were safely out, and the enemy fire had diminished due to his steady and effective fire, did Private Roth cease firing and rejoin his group with the gun. Private Roth's outstanding courage, expert manipulation of fire and fidelity undoubtedly was responsible for the safety and escape of many of his comrades.
Headquarters, 43d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 392 (1945)


RUFFNER, BENJAMIN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Benjamin J. Ruffner (17056996), Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, 3d Armored Division, in action on 18 April 1945, in Germany. Technician Fifth Grade Ruffner's outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 3d Armored Division, and the United States Army.
Headquarters, 3d Armored Division, General Orders No. 63 (May 17, 1945)
Home Town: Kansas


RUSSELL, JAY N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Jay N. Russell (36703546), Private First Class, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. At 2130 hours, 24 December 1944, near Sigelsheim, France, when powerful enemy artillery and mortar concentrations severed wire communications between the rifle companies of the 2d Battalion and the Battalion Command Post, Private First Class Russell and another soldier inched their way over 600 yards of shell-battered terrain and repaired those lines. Despite artillery and mortar shells that burst within thirty yards of these men, they indomitably edged their way forward and mended innumerable other breaks. While returning to the Battalion Command Post, these soldiers were painfully wounded by shell fragments, but continued to crawl and drag themselves, checking the lines. Three hundred yards from the Command Post these two men serviced still another break, thus providing continued and uninterrupted wire communication in the 2d Battalion.
Headquarters, 3d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 223 (June 23, 1945)
Home Town: Newman, Illinois


RUTKOWSKI, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Edward J. Rutkowski (0-2010955), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company C, 49th Armored Infantry Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945 and 9 April 1945. When his platoon leader was killed during an advance, Lieutenant Rutkowski quickly reorganized the platoon. He moved the mortar and machine gun squads into position under intense enemy fire. Then taking five men he proceeded by a covered route into the enemy lines. He forced the surrender of over thirty enemy. Continuing with the same men he took forty prisoners at a nearby enemy strongpoint. Later he led his platoon, dismounted, into an enemy town, gaining a foothold that enabled the balance of the force to occupy it. His coolness, leadership and courage were an inspiration to all and reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 50 (June 21, 1945)
Home Town: Lockport, Illinois


*RYAN, JOHN F. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Silver Star Medal (Posthumously) to John F. Ryan (0-1016853), First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 80th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 30 March 1945. Lieutenant Ryan's platoon was spearheading the attack of a combat team of the 8th Armored Division. The second tank of the platoon was hit and burst into flame. Lieutenant Ryan directed his platoon into position. He then noticed members of the crew were trapped in their burning tank. Without consideration for his own safety, he dismounted. Under a hail of small arms fire, he went to their aid. While engaged in rescuing the men from the tank he was killed by small arms fire. His courage and heroism were beyond the call of duty, and reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 20 (April 22, 1945)
Home Town: Onondaga County, New York


RYAN, THOMAS H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star Medal to Thomas H. Ryan (0-555661), Second Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Company D, 36th Tank Battalion, 8th Armored Division, in Germany on 5 March 1945. Lieutenant Ryan, while leading his company in action against the enemy, was severely wounded. Refusing evacuation or any aid, he continued the assault. Despite pain and loss of blood, he personally led his organization until his tank was disabled and set on fire. Only after covering the escape of his crew did he abandon the flaming vehicle and permit himself to be evacuated. His gallantry under fire and devotion to duty reflect great credit on himself and the Armed Forces of the United States and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Military Service.
Headquarters, 8th Armored Division, General Orders No. 18 (April 2, 1945)
Home Town: Trenton, South Carolina

 

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