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Full Text Citations For Award of

The Army Distinguished Service Medal
 U.S. Army - World War I

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To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pride in Presenting


THE 
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL
to

 

RAFFERTY, WILLIAM A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William A. Rafferty, Major (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While in charge of the Supply Branch, 4th (Supply) Section, General Staff, Army, American Expeditionary Forces, Major Rafferty displayed great initiative, zeal, and devotion to duty, and by his excellent judgment, forethought, and cooperation materially assisted in the solution of many difficult problems concerning the supply of troops during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives, thereby contributing in a marked degree to the successful accomplishment of the supply of the troops engaged in those operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Fort Wingate, New Mexico
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


RALSTON, FRANCIS W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Francis W. Ralston, Colonel (Coast Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Ralston's marked military attainments rendered his services most valuable while serving as Adjutant of the 42d Division. As Commandant of General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, he performed exacting duties with distinction. By his unflagging energy, zeal, and sound judgment he solved difficult problems of administration, achieving most satisfactory results.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


RAND, WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William Rand, Colonel (Judge Advocate General), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Principal Assistant in the Office of the Acting Judge Advocate General for the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe and as a member of the Board of Review to which was referred records of trial by courts-martial in the American army operating on foreign soil, Colonel Rand performed duties of an important and far-reaching character and grave responsibility. His broad learning, his comprehensive grasp of the problems with which he had to deal, coupled with untiring industry and energy contributed markedly to the accomplishments of the office of the Judge Advocate General and of the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 15 (1923)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: New York, New York


READ, ALVAN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Alvan C. Read, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Inspector General for the armies during their operations in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives, by his keen observations of the conduct of units and leadership displayed by commanders, Colonel Read was able at all times to give valuable information as to the morale and efficiency of troops and their commanders. By the able handling of his important duties, prompt and adequate means were always provided for improving conditions as to these important factors in the conduct of operations. Later, as Chief Inspector of the Army of the Occupation, he continued to render the same superior quality of service which marked that given by him prior to the armistice.
War Department, General Orders No. 108 (1919)
Born: at Lewisburg, Tennessee
Home Town: Baton Rouge, Louisiana


READ, GEORGE W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George W. Read, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. General Read Commanded with distinction the 30th Division, and organized and Commanded the 2d Army Corps in its operations with the British forces in France. He displayed qualities of leadership and professional attainments of a high order, and to his efforts are largely due the brilliant success achieved.
War Department, General Orders No. 12 (1919)
Born: at Indianola, Iowa
Home Town: Des Moines, Iowa


RECKORD, MILTON A.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Milton A. Reckord, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Reckord served with distinction as Commanding Officer of the 115th Infantry, 29th Division, at all times showing qualities of high military leadership and great tactical ability. Inspiring his men by his aggressive spirit and fervent devotion to his task, he led them with noted success through three weeks of constant action against the enemy during the operations north of Verdun.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Harford County, Maryland
Home Town: Bel Air, Maryland


REECE, B. CARROLL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to B. Carroll Reece, First Lieutenant (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. First Lieutenant Reece showed energy, initiative, and military ability of a high order while serving in the 102d Infantry, 26th Division, in command of a company and later a battalion. He led his company brilliantly in the attack upon the St. Mihiel salient and during the operations of the 26th Division north of Verdun. Confronted later by a task of great difficulty when placed in command of a battalion, which suffered heavy casualties and became badly disorganized, he displayed marked ability and determination in reorganizing his command and molding it into a good fighting unit, able under his leadership to achieve valuable results.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Butler, Tennessee
Home Town: Butler, Tennessee


REED, DAVID A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to David A. Reed, Major (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Battalion Commander, 311th Field Artillery, 79th Division, Major Reed displayed exceptional ability as an organizer, instructor, and leader. By his professional attainments and tireless energy he was instrumental in bringing his command to a high state of efficiency. Later, as the Field Artillery member of the United States Section of the Inter-Allied Armistice Commission at Spa and as Acting Chief of Staff thereof, by his exceptional ability and insight into affairs requiring delicate and diplomatic treatment, he rendered conspicuous service to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


REED, WALTER L.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Walter L. Reed, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in the organization and administration of the Inspector General's Department at Camp Pontanezen, Brest, France, thereby enabling that department to meet the excessive demands made upon it during the return of the American Expeditionary Forces through the Port of Brest.
War Department, General Orders No. 10 (1922)
Born: at Fort Apache, Arizona
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


REES, ROBERT I.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Robert I. Rees, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in services with the committee charged with education and special training in the Army. To General Rees' initiative and breadth of vision are largely due the successful measures for training of enlisted men for special services and the establishment of the Student Army Training Camp.
War Department, General Orders No. 25 (1919)
Born: at Houghton, Michigan
Home Town: Houghton, Michigan


REEVES, IRA L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Ira L. Reeves, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As President of the American Expeditionary Forces University in France, Colonel Reeves' fine ability as an organizer made possible the expeditious establishment of this institution, and to his initiative, energy, rare tact, and good judgment is due, in a large measure, the successful operation of the university.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1921)
Born: at Jefferson City, Missouri
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


REEVES, JAMES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to James H. Reeves, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Reeves organized the 353d Infantry, 89th Division, and commanded it with distinction during all but one month of its active service. The high qualities of leadership and unfailing devotion to duty displayed by him were responsible for the marked espirit and morale of his command. To his marked tactical ability and energy are largely due the brilliant successes achieved by his regiment during its operations against the enemy.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Center, Alabama
Home Town: Center, Alabama
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal


REILLY, HENRY J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry J. Reilly, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In Command of the 149th Field Artillery, 42d Division, Colonel Reilly participated with credit in the operations of the 42d Division. Through his tireless energy and technical skill as an artillerist, his regiment gave most effective assistance to the Infantry which it supported.
War Department, General Orders No. 108 (1919)
Born: at Fort Barrancas, Florida
Home Town: Winnetka, Illinois


REINHART, STANLEY E.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Stanley E. Reinhart, Major (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In Command of a battery and subsequently a battalion of the 17th Field Artillery, 2d Division, Major Reinhart gave proof of high qualities of leadership and military attainments, notably during t he operations near Soissons in July 1918, when he skillfully maneuvered his battalion in front of the infantry under machine-gun fire from the enemy with but few casualties to his command. Later he rendered valuable and loyal service as Chief of Staff of Artillery, 6th Army Corps.
War Department, General Orders No. 70 (1919)
Born: at Polk, Ohio
Home Town: Polk, Ohio


REPP, WILLIAM F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William F. Repp, Lieutenant Colonel (Signal Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. With Lieutenant Colonel Repp's valuable assistance the Signal Corps was enabled originally to plan for the immense network of the United States telegraph and telephone lines now existing in France. To his is attributable the exceptionally high standard of efficiency attained by the Telephone and Telegraph Service; As Chief Signal Officer, Advance Section, Services of Supply, his services have been marked by a character of exceptional excellence.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


RETHERS, HARRY F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Harry F. Rethers, Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Rethers distinguished himself by his extraordinary ability and exceptional skill in organizing the work of the Quartermaster Corps at Base Section No. 3. His good judgment, combined with tact, knowledge of methods, and high professional attainments, resulted in a superior standard of efficiency, reflecting the greatest credit upon himself and enabling him to render most valuable services to the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California


REYBOLD, EUGENE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Eugene Reybold, Colonel (Coast Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Director of the Department of Enlisted Specialists, Coast Artillery School, where, by his excellent judgment, energy, and foresight, he enabled that department to meet the demands made upon it in an effective manner.
War Department, General Orders No. 3 (1921)
Born: at Delaware City, Delaware
Home Town: Delaware City, Delaware


REYNOLDS, CHARLES R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles R. Reynolds, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Division Surgeon of the 77th Division, as Chief Surgeon, 6th Army Corps, and later as Chief Surgeon, 2d Army, Colonel Reynolds displayed qualities of leadership, high professional attainments, and rare judgment in energetically directing the work of the sanitary units under his control. By his foresight in providing front-line hospitalization and evacuation facilities for the sick and wounded in the field, he rendered services of signal merit to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Elmira, New York
Home Town: Elmira, New York


REYNOLDS, FREDERICK P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Frederick P. Reynolds, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Surgeon of the Advance Section, Services of Supply, American Expeditionary Forces, Colonel Reynolds displayed rare judgment, unusual executive ability, and high professional attainments in the institution of sanitary measures and in providing and supervising hospitalization and evacuation facilities for the sick and wounded flowing into the advanced areas from the principal centers of combat activity.
War Department, General Orders No. 30 (1921)
Born: at Elmira, New York
Home Town: Elmira, New York


REYNOLDS, STEPHEN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Stephen C. Reynolds, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, of the 5th Division, by his keen application to his task Lieutenant Colonel Reynolds overcame almost insurmountable difficulties in maintaining communications and securing supplies for his Division during the 27 days when it was advancing against the enemy north of Verdun. In the performance of his many duties he displayed indefatigable zeal and showed exceptional administrative ability, rendering valuable services to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at Louisiana, Missouri
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri


RHEA, JAMES C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to James C. Rhea, Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In charge of the Operations Section, and later as Chief of Staff and Brigade Commander of the 2d Division, Colonel Rhea played a conspicuous part in the successful engagements at the St. Mihiel salient, Blanc Mont Ridge, and in the Meuse-Argonne, revealing traits of military knowledge and attainments of a high order.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Hamburg, Iowa
Home Town: Strawn, Texas
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal


RHOADS, THOMAS L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Thomas L. Rhoads, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Division Surgeon of the 80th Division, Colonel Rhoads had charge of the Medical Department's work of that unit throughout its combat activities. Due to his skillful administration, it functioned smoothly and with precision at all times, caring properly for a large number of the sick and wounded. As Chief Surgeon of the 1st Army Corps and later of the 1st Army, he displayed executive ability of high order, being constant and zealous in devotion to his arduous tasks.
War Department, General Orders No. 62 (1919)
Born: at Boyertown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Fort Worth, Texas


RHODES (CASH), MARIE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Marie B. Rhodes (Cash), Nurse, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Nurses' Equipment Bureau of the military department, American Red Cross, in Paris France, Nurse Rhoades (now Mrs. Clarence Cash) rendered invaluable service to the Army. She organized and developed a department which was able not only to supply and replace nurses' equipment but to transport the material all over France, even to rapidly moving units and teams at he front. By her remarkable business acumen and integrity, unusual resourcefulness, and initiative, she made a contribution to the welfare, efficiency, and conduct of the American Expeditionary Forces nursing forces which can not be measured. In addition to her most arduous duties during the day she frequently spent part of the nights during the emergency giving her services as an anesthetist in the Army hospitals in Paris.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


RHODES, CHARLES DUDLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles Dudley Rhodes, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the Artillery Brigade in support of the 82d Division, during the offensive operations of the St. Mihiel salient and again in Command of an Artillery Brigade during the Meuse- Argonne offensive, by his marked ability shown in the conduct of his units General Rhodes contributed in a noted degree to the successes attained. Later he served with distinction as a member of the Inter-Allied Commission at Spa, rendering conspicuous services to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Delaware, Ohio
Home Town: Delaware, Ohio
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (Philippine Insurrection), Army Distinguished Service Medal


RICE, JOHN H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John H. Rice, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Engineering Division of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, General Rice performed with peculiar ability his arduous duties in connection with the design and development of all articles of ordnance supplied to the United States Army. Later, as Chief Ordnance Officer, American Expeditionary Forces, he was charged with the procurement and supply of all ordnance to our forces in France, which duties he performed with exceptional success, displaying untiring energy and zeal. He handled perplexing problems of supply with sound judgment, achieving most valuable results.
War Department, General Orders No. 62 (1919)
Born: at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Webster Groves, Missouri


RICE, MERVYN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Mervyn A. Rice, Lieutenant Colonel (Ordnance Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Corps Ordnance Officer of the 2d Army Corps from February to October 1918, Lieutenant Colonel Rice displayed exceptional ability in the organization and administration of the system used in equipping with ordnance the American troops serving on the British front. Later, his great tact and business ability assisted to a marked degree in the satisfactory settlement of important claims arising out of this service.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Rockland, Missouri
Home Town: Montclair, New Jersey


RICHARDSON, LORRAIN T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Lorrain T. Richardson, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the 322d Infantry, 81st Division, during its organization, training, and in all its combat operations Colonel Richardson displayed marked efficiency, tireless energy, and military attainments of the highest order. By his sound judgment and skillful and energetic leadership he contributed materially to the successes achieved by the regiment against the enemy.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Janesville, Wisconsin
Home Town: Janesville, Wisconsin


RICHARDSON, ROBERT C., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Robert C. Richardson, Jr., Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Richardson organized and conducted with great efficiency the important strategical and tactical liaison service of the 2d Section, General Staff, General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces. During the Meuse-Argonne operations he gave proof of notable military attainments and untiring devotion to duty by the efficient manner in which he organized and administered the advanced General Headquarters, rendering services of distinction to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at Charleston, South Carolina
Home Town: Charleston, South Carolina


RICKARDS, GEORGE C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George C. Rickards, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commanding Officer of the 112th Infantry, 28th Division, Colonel Rickards proved himself a forceful and capable military leader. Maintaining at all times a high degree of efficiency in his regiment through his personal magnetism, heroism, zeal and energy, he contributed materially to the successes achieved by the 28th Division in its operations against the enemy, rendering services of distinction to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 38 (1922)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Oil City, Pennsylvania


RIGGS, KERR T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Kerr T. Riggs, Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As G-2, 2d Army Corps, Colonel Riggs displayed exceptional ability in the organization and administration of that division of the Corps Staff. He also showed great ability and rare tact in his relations with the Intelligence Branch of the Staffs of the British organizations with which the 2d Army Corps served. By his tireless energy and unceasing devotion to exacting duties, he contributed to a marked degree to the successes achieved by his organization.
War Department, General Orders No. 19 (1922)
Born: at Harrison County, Kentucky
Home Town: Cynthiana, Kentucky


RIVERS, WILLIAM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William C. Rivers, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the 76th Field Artillery, 3d Division, Colonel Rivers was a material factor in stemming the tide of the enemy's advance during the second Battle of the Marne. Subsequently, upon being promoted to the grade of Brigadier General, he displayed marked leadership and high military attainments in command of the 5th Field Artillery Brigade, 5th Division, in the Meuse-Argonne offensive.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Pulaski, Tennessee
Home Town: Pulaski, Tennessee


ROBERTS, CHARLES DUVAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles Duval Roberts, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Roberts displayed unusual ability as Chief of Staff of the 81st Division in its organization, and in the conduct of its operations in the St. Die Sector, on 9, 10, and 11 November 1918, near Verdun, where the Division was enabled to advance some five-and-one-half kilometers over marshy ground under heavy fire.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Cheyenne Agency, South Dakota
Home Town: Fort D.A. Russell, Wyoming
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (Spanish-American War), Army Distinguished Service Medal


ROBERTS, OSCAR E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Oscar E. Roberts, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Colonel Commanding the 144th Infantry, 36th Division, Colonel Roberts displayed untiring energy, initiative, and resourcefulness both during the period of organization and training and during the combat operations of his regiment in France. His leadership, sound judgment, and devotion to duty were material factors in the successes of his regiment, brigade, and division in action against the enemy.
War Department, General Orders No. 15 (1923)
Born: at Milan County, Texas
Home Town: Taylor, Texas


ROBERTS, THOMAS A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Thomas A. Roberts, Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of an American Regiment on duty with the French Army, although confronted with many difficult situations, Colonel Roberts handled all questions with marked success. His tasks were performed with ability, in a manner that reflected the greatest credit upon himself; his preparations were careful, his leadership skillful. The excellent results achieved by his regiment are in a measure attributable to his sound judgment and military knowledge.
War Department, General Orders No. 50 (1919)
Born: at Springfield, Illinois
Home Town: Springfield, Illinois


ROBERTSON, SAMUEL ARTHUR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Samuel Arthur Robertson, Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As General Superintendent of Construction of the Light Railways, Lieutenant Colonel Robertson managed all the intricate details of complex organization and classification of tasks with a master hand. With untrained personnel he established a record for speed in track laying of the 60-centimeter lines, exciting the admiration of our allies. During the advance of the 1st Army, by his ceaseless activity, tireless energy, and great knowledge he performed his duty with marked credit to the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Fort Benton, Montana
Home Town: San Benito, Texas


ROBINS, THOMAS MATTHEW
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Thomas Matthew Robins, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, while in charge of the Engineer Depot established in connection with the Port of New York, and subsequently included in the Port of Embarkation at Hoboken, New Jersey.
War Department, General Orders No. 77 (1919)
Born: at Snow Hill, Maryland
Home Town: Snow Hill, Maryland


ROBINSON, DONALD A.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Donald A. Robinson, Lieutenant Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Executive Division, Fourth Section, Headquarters, Services of Supply, American Expeditionary Forces, from 25 April 1918 to 19 February 1919, Lieutenant Colonel Robinson was charged with the immediate coordination of major supply activities, including the difficult and gravely responsible task of adjusting priority of shipments and determining the order in which all movements of supplies from the base ports of the American Expeditionary Forces should proceed. In a position of great responsibility in which large powers were delegated to him, he displayed to an unusual degree rare tact, excellent judgment, and the faculty of firm and prompt decision. By his successful handling of difficult supply situations of the most critical character directly affecting important operations in the field, he rendered services of the highest value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin
Home Town: Seattle, Washington


ROCKENBACH, SAMUEL D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Samuel D. Rockenbach, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Quartermaster of Base Section No. 1, St. Nazaire, from June to December 1917, General Rockenbach rendered especially valuable services. Confronted with a problem of great magnitude, befraught with serious difficulties, he went about his task with keen determination, and by his energy and great zeal organized and efficiently operated the first American base in France. Later, as Chief of the Tank Corps, by his tireless energy and keen determination he established schools of training for tank personnel and laid the foundation for the organization of the tank units. He ably directed the operations of the tanks with the First Army and contributed in a measure to the success attained.
War Department, General Orders No. 78 (1919)
Born: at Lynchburg, Virginia
Home Town: Boonville, Missouri


ROGERS, HARRY L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Harry L. Rogers, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. General Rogers has organized, perfected, and administered with great efficiency the Quartermaster Department in France. He was able to meet each emergency in times fraught with untold difficulties, and by his energy and untiring zeal he has insured to our troops a prompt and constant supply of quartermaster stores, without which the ultimate success of our Army could not have been obtained.
War Department, General Orders No. 12 (1919)
Born: at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Orchard Lake, Michigan


ROGERS, HENRY H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry H. Rogers, Lieutenant Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While Commanding the 2d Corps Artillery Park which operated with the 5th Army Corps, in spite of great difficulties, Lieutenant Colonel Rogers delivered large quantities of ammunition to the troops, and by his resourcefulness, courage and leadership he maintained his command in a high state of efficiency and morale, thereby contributing to the success of the operations of the corps.
War Department, General Orders No. 47 (1921)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Tuxedo, New York


ROGERS, JOSEPH A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Joseph A. Rogers, Lieutenant Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Lieutenant Colonel Rogers Commanded the 1st Battalion, 18th Field Artillery, 3d Division, from 1 July to 3 October 1918, and the 124th Field Artillery, 33d Division, from 4 October until 17 November 1918, at all times proving himself to be an officer of exceptional ability. By his sound tactical judgment, loyal devotion to duty, and great skill he supported the Infantry, to which attached, so effectively that he aided materially in the successful operations of several divisions in many important engagements.
War Department, General Orders No. 4 (1923)
Born: at Cameron, Texas
Home Town: Mullin, Texas


RONAYNE, JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to James Ronayne, Colonel, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Ronayne served as Assistant Commandant of the Army schools for eight months. By his energy, perseverance, and good judgment, in all matters connected with the Army schools, he exhibited high professional attainments and military qualities of a superior order.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Ireland Home Town: New York, New York


ROOP, JAMES CLAWSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to James Clawson Roop, Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Lieutenant Colonel Roop served as Assistant to the General Purchasing Agent, American Expeditionary Forces. His marked ability and tact were important factors in numerous negotiations with the allied armies and governments, involving critical matters of supply to our Army. In the organization of the work of the General Purchasing Board and General Purchasing Agent, Colonel Roop throughout its existence was an indispensable factor in a position of great responsibility. He rendered most distinguished service in connection with important supplies of all kinds for the Army as well as in the organization of the general system of coordination between the supply services of the American Expeditionary Forces and the allied armies.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Upland, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Upland, Pennsylvania


ROOSEVELT, THEODORE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Battalion and Regimental Commander, 20th Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt displayed consistent gallantry, conspicuous energy, and marked efficiency in the operations around Cantigny, Soissons, and during the Meuse-Argonne offensive. By his devotion to duty, pronounced tactical ability, and brilliant qualities of leadership he contributed materially to the success of his regiment and of the 1st Division. He rendered services of signal worth to the Government in a position of great responsibility at a time of gravest importance.
War Department, General Orders No. 2 (1927)
Born: at Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York
Home Town: New York, New York
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal, Purple Heart


ROSE, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William H. Rose, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While in charge of the Engineer Depot, General Rose was charged with the system of purchase of supplies. His exceptional ability, judgment, and resourcefulness are apparent in the efficient solution of the many difficult problems involved and in the success attained in supplying the vast quantities of engineering supplies to the Army overseas.
War Department, General Orders No. 25 (1919)
Born: at Sfe Harbor, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Refton, Pennsylvania


RUCKER, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William H. Rucker, Lieutenant Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the 107th Field Artillery, 28th Division, and of a French artillery regiment during the operations of the 32d Division on the Vesle River, Lieutenant Colonel Rucker displayed consummate skill as an artillerist and showed notable qualities of leadership. Subsequently he commanded the 16th Field Artillery, 4th Division, and acted as Group Commander of French and American artillery units, where he furnished effective support to the Infantry, during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 95 (1919)
Born: at Fort Riley, Kansas
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


*RUCKMAN, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal (Posthumously) to John W. Ruckman, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Department Commander, Southern Department, between 30 August 1917 and 4 May 1918, and Department Commander, Northeastern Department, between 23 May 1918 and 20 July 1920, General Ruckman handled many difficult problems arising in these departments with rare judgment, tact, and great skill.
War Department, General Orders No. 1 (1926)
Born: at Sidney, Illinois
Home Town: Sidney, Illinois


RUFFNER, ERNEST L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Ernest L. Ruffner, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Ruffner served as Surgeon of the Intermediate Section, Services of Supply, having under his supervision 39 base hospital units. He performed his strenuous and exacting duties in an unusually efficient manner, displaying rare judgment and professional attainments of the first order.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Home Town: Buffalo, New York


RUGGLES, COLDEN L'H
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Colden L'H Ruggles, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. The conception and construction of the Aberdeen Proving Ground and its operation during the early and most difficult period of its history are a monument to General Ruggles' sagacity and unremitting labor.
War Department, General Orders No. 73 (1919)
Born: at Omaha, Nebraska
Home Town: Poughkeepsie, New York


RUGGLES, FRANCIS A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Francis A. Ruggles, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as a Battalion Commander during the Aisne-Marne offensive, 18 - 25 July 1918, and as a Regimental Commander during the St. Mihiel offensive, 13 - 19 September 1918, and the Meuse- Argonne offensive, 30 September 1918 to 8 November 1918. In all of these offensives Colonel Ruggles displayed conspicuous efficiency, marked aggressiveness, and unusual leadership. By his exceptional technical and executive ability he solved with sound judgment many perplexing problems, and although much handicapped by severe losses in men, materiel, and animals he at all times so commanded his regiment as to render invaluable support to the attacking Infantry, thus materially adding to the success of the operations of the 1st Division.
War Department, General Orders No. 49 (1922)
Born: at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


RULON, BLANCHE S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Blanche S. Rulon, Captain, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Nurse of Base Hospital No. 27, at Angers, France, during the World War, and later as Assistant to the Director of the Nursing Services, American Expeditionary Forces, at Tours, France, Captain Rulon displayed qualities of leadership and organizing ability of the highest order. Through her skillful management and untiring energy she developed the nursing force at Base Hospital No. 27 to a high degree of proficiency and was of material assistance in establishing and maintaining a reputation for unusual efficiency for that hospital, which had the unique distinction of caring for the largest number of patients of any single hospital at any one time in the American Expeditionary Forces. Upon her return to the United States she had charge of the Claim Department of the Army Nurse Corps in the office of the Surgeon General, and the efficiency, sound judgment, and knowledge of the principles involved displayed by her in that capacity made a signal contribution to the demobilization work of the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Waretown, New Jersey
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


RUMBOLD, FRANK M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Frank M. Rumbold, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Assistant to the Chief, Militia Bureau, during the inception of the World War, in which office of great responsibility his genius and ability were applied to the organizing, training, and expansion of the National Guard, the success of which was due, in a large measure, to his zeal, devotion to duty, and unquestionable competency. Also for his marked ability in the organizing, training, and disciplining of the 128th Field Artillery Regiment, 35th Division, the successful functioning of which unit during the war may be attributed in large part to Colonel Rumbold's indefatigable efforts; and for his untiring and successful efforts throughout his entire service to secure close cooperation between the National Guard and the Regular Army in order that these two elements for the national defense might function successfully as the Army of the United States.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Meeker Grove, Wisconsin
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri


RUSSELL, EDGAR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Edgar Russell, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Signal Officer, American Expeditionary Forces, General Russell has shown great ability in the organization and administration of his department and the results attained are largely due to his zeal and energy. The Signal Corps in France stands out as one of the masterful accomplishments of the American Expeditionary Forces, and to General Russell is due the credit for its foundations and organization.
War Department, General Orders No. 12 (1919)
Born: at Pleasant Hill, Missouri
Home Town: Kingston, Missouri


RUSSELL, FREDERICK F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Frederick F. Russell, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Russell organized and directed the Division of Laboratories and Infectious Diseases of the Surgeon General's Office during the present war, and thereby contributed in great measure to the efficiency of the military forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 69 (1919)
Born: at Auburn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York


RUSSELL, GEORGE M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George M. Russell, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, of the 5th Army Corps, Colonel Russell directed the activities of the Intelligence Section with marked skill and untiring energy. By effecting the collection and dissemination of timely and accurate information, he was an important factor in the successes achieved by his corps.
War Department, General Orders No. 108 (1919)
Born: at Plymouth, New Hampshire
Home Town: Plymouth, New Hampshire


RYAN, LILLIAN J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Lillian J. Ryan, First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Nurse of the Base Hospital at Camp Merritt, New Jersey, during the World War, First Lieutenant Ryan rendered signal service. By the display of excellent judgment, energy, and example under unusual difficulties she so directed her staff as to enable it to meet in an efficient manner all the demands made upon it, thus making a large contribution to the saving of lives. By her great organizational ability and untiring efforts she played an important part in the successful aftercare of thousands of tuberculosis soldiers during the demobilization period.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Ireland Home Town: Denver, Colorado


RYAN, WILLIAM B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William B. Ryan, Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In charge of the tonnage section of G-1, General Headquarters, Lieutenant Colonel Ryan performed services of great value to the American Expeditionary Forces. Later, as Supervisor of Cargo and Supplies at the Port of Marseilles, by his zeal and energy he overcame all obstacles and successfully accomplished his important task.
War Department, General Orders No. 103 (1919)
Born: at Fairfield, Vermont
Home Town: Greensburg, Pennsylvania


SAFFARRANS, GEORGE C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George C. Saffarrans, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Provost Marshal of the District of Paris from 3 January 1918 to 3 May 1918, and subsequently in command of this important district during a period of gravest import and charged with most important duties, Colonel Saffarrans labored unceasingly and succeeded in attaining excellent results. Aided by his superior tact and keen perception, he performed his difficult duties with sound judgment and handled numerous diplomatic affairs with great satisfaction, thereby rendering important service to the American Expeditionary Forces in a position of great responsibility.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Memphis, Tennessee
Home Town: Paducah, Kentucky


SALMON, THOMAS W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Thomas W. Salmon, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Salmon has, by his constant, tireless, and conscientious work, as well as by his unusual judgment, done much to conserve man power for active front-line work. Of special value was his demonstration that war neurosis could be treated in advanced sanitary units with greater success than in base hospitals.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at Lansingburg, New York
Home Town: West New Brighton, New York


SAMPLE, WILLIAM R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William R. Sample, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In Command of the Advance Section, Services of Supply, throughout the campaigns in France in 1918, by his skillful management of the supply of the Army, involving many emergency orders to be promptly met, General Sample showed himself to be, under those difficult conditions, an officer of great ability and resource.
War Department, General Orders No. 39 (1920)
Born: at Memphis, Tennessee
Home Town: Fort Smith, Arkansas


SANBORN, JOSEPH B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Joseph B. Sanborn, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Sanborn Commanded the 131st Infantry, 33d Division, during all its campaigns against the enemy, displaying military leadership of a high order. His unremitting zeal and tactical skill were largely responsible for the success of his regiment in combat.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Manchester, New Hampshire
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal


SANDS, ALFRED L. P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Alfred L. P. Sands, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Serving in turn as Battalion and Regimental Commander, Colonel Sands rendered exceptionally efficient services, and at all times was conspicuous for his courage, leadership, and high military attainments. As Commanding Officer of the 7th Field Artillery, 1st Division, and a group of attached French Artillery at Cantigny, in May 1918, and later at Soissons in July 1918, he displayed unusual ability, and by his high professional attainments and great tactical skill supported the Infantry, to which he was attached, so effectively that he aided materially in the successful operations of that brigade in those important engagements. Later, by his tireless energy, great resourcefulness and efficiency, he organized and trained, in a highly satisfactory manner, the 67th Field Artillery.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania


SAUNDERS, EDWIN O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Edwin O. Saunders, Lieutenant Colonel (Judge Advocate General's Department), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Criminal Investigation Division of the Provost Marshal General's Department, American Expeditionary Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Saunders had charge of and was responsible for the investigation of crime and bringing to trial of criminals. His remarkable skill as an organizer, his untiring efforts, and his sound judgment were mainly responsible for the reduction and prevention of crime in the American Expeditionary Forces, and the recovery of thousands of dollars of Government and private property. His services were of very great value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 49 (1922)
Born: at Sharpsburg, Kentucky
Home Town: Sharpsburg, Kentucky


SCHELLING, ERNEST H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Ernest H. Schelling, Major (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While serving as Assistant Military Attaché at the American Legation in Switzerland from September 1917 to October 1919, Major Schelling's great tact, initiative, resourcefulness, sound judgment and unremitting devotion to duty contributed markedly to the successful operations of the American and Allied forces during the World War.
War Department, General Orders No. 14 (1923)
Born: at Belvidere, New Jersey
Home Town: Bar Harbor, Maine


SCHKIDENHELM, FREDERICK W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Frederick W. Schkidenhelm, Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. On being ordered to France, Colonel Schkidenhelm was assigned to the staff of the Chief Engineer, American Expeditionary Forces, and for several months he was engaged in water supply studies connected with proposed operations of the American Army. On 21 September 1918, he was assigned to the 26th Engineers, which he Commanded until assigned to the 1st Army during the Meuse-Argonne operations, where he was made Water Supply Officer for that Army and was charged with the complete responsibility for Army water supply and for all reconnaissances, design, construction, and supply, in addition to commanding all troops assigned thereto. He displayed a keen insight into the complexities of the problems presented, a marked willingness to assume responsibility, and force of character in securing results, rendering valuable services to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 17 (1928)
Born: at Mendota, Illinois
Home Town: Hollis, New York


SCHLEY, JULIAN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Julian L. Schley, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commanding Officer of the 307th engineers and Division Engineer Officer, 82d Division, and later as Corps Engineer, 5th Army Corps, during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives, Colonel Schley displayed excellent qualities of leadership and command while serving with his regiment in the battle line, as well as superior technical attainments as an engineer, together with great zeal and devotion to duty. By the high degree of efficiency with which he performed his manifold duties, he contributed materially to the success of the operations in the commands with which he served. Later, as Director of Purchase, in the Purchase, Storage, and Traffic Division of the General Staff, and as a member of the War Department Claims Board, by his good judgment and keen foresight in undertaking of great difficulty and magnitude he rendered conspicuous service.
War Department, General Orders No. 4 (1923)
Born: at Savannah, Georgia
Home Town: Savannah, Georgia


SCHMITT, WILLIAM J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William J. Schmitt, Second Lieutenant (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While serving in the Regulating Stations at Creil, Noisy-le-Sec, St. Dizier, and Metz, France, Second Lieutenant Schmitt showed untiring application in his devotion to duty. He remained continually on duty during nightly bombardments at Creil, performing ably the important tasks assigned to him. During the battle of Chateau-Thierry and during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives by his energetic action he aided materially in the maintenance of a steady flow of supplies to the troops at the front, at all times showing marked ability and initiative when faced with difficult problems of transportation arising from the evacuation of the wounded. He rendered valuable service to the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 19 (1921)
Born: at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota


SCHOEFFEL, FRANCIS H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Francis H. Schoeffel, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Inspector General, Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, from 1 August 1917 to 1 April 1919. Lieutenant Colonel Schoeffel was charged with inspection of troops, troop transports and trains, money accounts of disbursing officers, and duties of a similar nature, all of which her performed in a highly efficient and successful manner. With untiring energy, sound judgment, and unusual professional skill and with unremitting attention and devotion to duty he rendered extremely valuable services to the Government in a position of great responsibility.
War Department, General Orders No. 14 (1923)
Born: at Rochester, New York
Home Town: Rochester, New York


SCHULL, HERMAN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Herman W. Schull, Colonel (Ordnance Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Assistant Chief and Acting Chief of the Inspection Division, Ordnance Department. Colonel Schull's broad-minded policy, zeal, and technical ability contributed in a conspicuous way to the success of the Ordnance Department in the procurement of munitions in the United States and Canada during the World War.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at England Home Town: Watertown, South Carolina


SCHULZ, JOHN W. N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John W. N. Schulz, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Representative of the Chemical Warfare Service at General Headquarters, Colonel Schulz rendered valuable services in the solution of many important problems relating to the offensive use of gas and also in planning more effective methods for the issue of equipment and for training in gas warfare. Later, as Chief Gas Officer of the 1st Army, he was charged with the entire responsibility of the gas warfare in that Army during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. By great ability and untiring energy, his efforts resulted in the prevention of large numbers of casualties and fatalities from enemy gasses as well as increasing the use of gas against the enemy, thereby contributing to the success of the American arms.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Wheeling, West Virginia
Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia


SCOTT, ERNEST D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Ernest D. Scott, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Scott Commanded the American and allied light artillery in the Toul sector prior to and after its occupation by the 1st Division, and was largely responsible for the instruction and training of the 66th Field Artillery Brigade and of brigades of Coast Artillery in their training areas. As Heavy Artillery Commander, 1st Army Corps, in the Champagne-Marne and the Aisne-Marne operations, and as Brigade and Grouping Commander of the 66th Field Artillery Brigade and numerous French units in the operations of the 5th Army Corps in the St. Mihiel offensive, and in the operations of the Army artillery in the Meuse-Argonne offensive, he performed his duties with great efficiency and distinction.
War Department, General Orders No. 15 (1923)
Born: at Canada Home Town: De Witt, Nebraska


SCOTT, HUGH L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Hugh L. Scott, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Chief of Staff in advocating and persistently urging the adoption of the Selective Service Law and as Commanding General, Camp Dix, New Jersey, in organizing and training the divisions and miscellaneous troops committed to his care during the war.
War Department, General Orders No. 47 (1919)
Born: at Danville, Kentucky
Home Town: Princeton, New Jersey


SCOTT, WALTER DILL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Walter Dill Scott, Colonel, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in originating, organizing, and putting into operation the system of classification of enlisted personnel now used in the United States Army.
War Department, General Orders No. 69 (1919)
Born: at Cookesville, Illinois
Home Town: Evanston, Illinois


SCOTT, WALTER J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Walter J. Scott, Lieutenant Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, 89th Division, due to his unusual foresight, indefatigable efforts, and great executive ability, Lieutenant Colonel Scott was able to keep a constant flow of supplies and ammunition for the troops under extremely difficult combat conditions, thereby contributing materially to the success of the division and the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Brownsville, Tennessee
Home Town: Mount Morris, Illinois


SCOWDEN, FRANK F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Frank F. Scowden, Lieutenant Colonel (Motor Transport Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Executive Officer in the Office of the Director, Motor Transport Corps, American Expeditionary Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Scowden discharged with rare distinction duties of grave responsibility. His sound judgment, tact, administrative and technical ability contributed in a marked degree to the successful functioning of the Motor Transport Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 14 (1923)
Born: at Meadville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Albany, New York


SCREWS, WILLIAM P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William P. Screws, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Screws Commanded with courage, resourcefulness, and great skill the 167th Infantry, 42d Division, from the time of its organization and early training throughout the successive phases of sector warfare, offensive combat in the battles of the Champagne and Ourcq, and in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. By his high military attainments, sound judgment, and devotion to duty he has contributed, in no small degree, to the successes achieved by the 42d Division.
War Department, General Orders No. 19 (1920)
Born: at Montgomery, Alabama
Home Town: Montgomery, Alabama


SEAMAN, A. OWEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to A. Owen Seaman, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in the very efficient operation of the Motor Transport Corps, War Department, General Staff, and in accomplishing the standardization of motor vehicles in the Army.
War Department, General Orders No. 77 (1919)
Born: at Greenville, Illinois
Home Town: Greenville, Illinois


SEAMAN, GILBERT E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Gilbert E. Seaman, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. After serving with conspicuous success as Division Surgeon of the 32d Division, Colonel Seaman became Chief Surgeon, 6th Army Corps, and in this capacity was an important factor in the establishment of effective measures for treating numerous sick and wounded. Fitted for his exacting duties by wide experience and unusual ability, he rendered services of great value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 116 (1919)
Born: at Alpena, Michigan
Home Town: Milwaukee, Wisconsin


SEWELL, JOHN S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John S. Sewell, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In Command of a Regiment of Engineers, and later as Commander of the Base Port at St. Nazaire, Colonel Sewell displayed high engineering skill and long practical experience in the management of men. His genius together with his great energy and devotion to duty, contributed largely to the successful development and efficient operation of that base.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Butlers Landing, Tennessee
Home Town: Gantts Quarry, Alabama


SHALLENBERGER, MARTIN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Martin C. Shallenberger, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, of the 3d Army Corps, during the Meuse-Argonne offensive, by his tireless efforts, marked organizing ability, and keen application to his numerous duties, Lieutenant Colonel Shallenberger contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his corps, rendering valuable services to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Osceola, Nebraska
Home Town: Alma, Nebraska


SHANKS, DAVID C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to David C. Shanks, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, for services in the administration of the Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, in connection with the shipment of troops overseas.
War Department, General Orders No. 18 (1919)
Born: at Salem, Virginia
Home Town: Salem, Virginia


SHANNON, EDWARD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Edward C. Shannon, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commanding Officer of the 111th Infantry, 28th Division, Colonel Shannon proved himself a forceful and capable military leader. Maintaining at all times a high degree of efficiency in his regiment, he contributed materially to the success achieved by the 28th Division in its operations against the enemy, rendering services of distinction to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 10 (1920)
Born: at Phoenixville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Columbia, Pennsylvania


SHAUGHNESSY, EDWARD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Edward H. Shaughnessy, Lieutenant Colonel (Transportation corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Serving successively as General Superintendent, General Manager, and Acting Deputy Director General of Transportation, by his energy, zeal, and able management Lieutenant Colonel Shaughnessy rendered services of the highest type to the Transportation Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces. In the performance of his manifold duties he constantly displayed marked enthusiasm, originality, and sound judgment.
War Department, General Orders No. 95 (1919)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


SHAW, HENRY A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry A. Shaw, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Surgeon of Base Section No. 2, Services of Supply, a position of great responsibility. Due to his ability and energy, Colonel Shaw brought the medical service of the Port of Bordeaux and the hospitalization of the same to a high degree of efficiency. He has rendered services of much value.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1921)
Born: at Salem, Massachusetts
Home Town: Worcester, Massachusetts


SHEDD, WILLIAM E., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William E. Shedd, Jr. (0-2217), Colonel (Coast Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Shedd served with marked efficiency as Instructor and then as Director of the Heavy Artillery School in France. As Assistant in the Office of the Chief of Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces, and later Chief of the Heavy Artillery Section in that office, he rendered services of inestimable value in connection with the organization, equipment, and training of the Heavy Artillery troops in France.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Danville, Illinois
Home Town: Danville, Illinois
Personal Awards: 4@ Army Distinguished Service Medals


SHEEHAN, MARY E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Mary E. Sheehan, First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Nurse of the Vichy Hospital Center, France, during the World War, First Lieutenant Sheehan organized the nursing service of that center, and by her tact, good judgment, energy, and personal devotion to duty contributed largely to the successful care and well-being of 11,000 sick and wounded.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Cortland County, New York
Home Town: Syracuse, New York


SHEEN, HENRY HOLDEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry Holden Sheen, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Quartermaster, 39th Division, from September 1917 until October 1918, and Acting Chief of Staff, same division, from October until December 1918, Colonel Sheet rendered highly meritorious services. As Chief Quartermaster, Intermediate Section, Services of Supply, he displayed sound judgment in the disposal of property valued at many millions of dollars. Later, as Chief Quartermaster and Acting Chief of Staff, G-4, American Forces in Germany, he displayed marked ability and initiative in many large undertakings and perplexing problems confronting him, resulting in immense savings to the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Quincy, Massachusetts
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (Philippine Insurrection), Army Distinguished Service Medal


SHELBY, EVAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Evan Shelby, Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Contracts Branch of the Chief of Construction Division, in following up contracts, aiding in their interpretation, adjusting differences between the contractors and the Government, and advising on matters of procedure and the rights of the parties involved, Colonel Shelby has displayed sound judgment, marked professional attainments, and extraordinary capacity for sustained and unremitting labor.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Fayette County, Kentucky
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


*SHELTON, GEORGE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal (Posthumously) to George H. Shelton, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, while Commanding the 51st Infantry Brigade, 26th Division, during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives.
War Department, General Orders No. 53 (1921)
Born: at Seymour, Connecticut
Home Town: Seymour, Connecticut


SHELTON, NENA
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Nena Shelton, First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant to the Director of Nursing Service, American Expeditionary Forces, in Paris France, during the World War, First Lieutenant Shelton contributed largely to the success of that force of over 10,000 nurses. Her zeal, good judgment, and energy added greatly to the efficiency with which the sick and wounded of the American Expeditionary Forces were cared for. Her faithfulness to detail and unfailing devotion to duty greatly facilitated the work of the Medical Department.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Lexington, Kentucky
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri


SHEPARD, JOHN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John L. Shepard, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In 1918, as Surgeon of Camp Funston, Kansas, and of the 89th Division, Colonel Shepard displayed high administrative, technical, and constructive ability in preventive measures adopted against epidemics and in the conservation of physical defects by their segregation and development. Later he performed conspicuous services in connection with hospital demobilization in France and the return to the United States of the sick and wounded.
War Department, General Orders No. 15 (1921)
Born: at Sheboygan, Wisconsin
Home Town: Galesburg, Illinois


SHEPHERD, WILLIAM E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William E. Shepherd, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, 3d Section, of the 5th Army Corps, and as Chief of Staff of Artillery of that Corps, by his marked military attainments and devotion to his exacting duties, Lieutenant Colonel Shepherd ably planned the employment of the Corps of Artillery in its operations against the enemy, rendering services of great worth to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


SHERMAN, WILLIAM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William C. Sherman, Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, 1st Division and 3d Army Corps, from February 1918 until October 1918, Lieutenant Colonel Sherman skillfully organized and directed the service of information of the enemy which guided in the preparation of the orders under which his division and corps achieved their many victories. Later, as Chief of Staff, Air Service, 1st Army, from 1 November to 11 November, he displayed great ability and by his rare tactical conceptions rendered exceptionally meritorious service enabling the Air Service to function in a highly efficient manner at all times.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Augusta, Georgia
Home Town: Augusta, Georgia


SHERRILL, CLARENCE O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Clarence O. Sherrill, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Sherrill organized the 302d Engineers and conducted their operations with the 77th Division until he became the Division Chief of Staff. To his initiative, energy, and good judgment is due much of the success of the staff functioning in the division in its operations in the Argonne. He has rendered services of marked worth.
War Department, General Orders No. 53 (1921)
Born: at Newton, North Carolina
Home Town: Raleigh, North Carolina


SHINKLE, EDWARD M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Edward M. Shinkle, Colonel (Ordnance Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In charge of the Ammunition Section of the Gun Division, Ordnance Department, Colonel Shinkle was responsible for the design, development, and placing of orders and contracts for all ammunition and projectiles supplied to the American Army. Later, in charge of Ammunition Section, Engineering Division, in the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, his technical skill, executive ability, and sound judgment were highly important factors in the successful operations of the Ordnance Department during the World War.
War Department, General Orders No. 16 (1923)
Born: at Higginsport, Ohio
Home Town: Higginsport, Ohio


SHIPLEY, WALTER V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Walter V. Shipley, Lieutenant Colonel (Ordnance Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Quartermaster and Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, 29th Division, from July 1917 until June 1919, by his untiring zeal, great energy, tact, and sound judgment Lieutenant Colonel Shipley was able to overcome many difficult problems of supply and assist to a marked degree in the operations of his division, thereby rendering services of great value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Cockeysville, Maryland
Home Town: Arlington, Maryland


SHOCKLEY, M. A. W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to M. A. W. Shockley, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As a member of the 5th Section, General Staff, Colonel Shockley displayed sound judgment and administrative ability in organizing, supervising, and inspecting the various sanitary schools and in conducting the sanitary training of troops. He also initiated and planned the preliminary organization of schools for instruction in civil educational subjects, established after the cessation of hostilities, rendering invaluable services to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at Fort Scott, Kansas
Home Town: Fort Scott, Kansas


SHORT, WALTER CAMPBELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Walter Campbell Short, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Attached to the Fifth Section, General Staff, General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, Colonel Short rendered conspicuous service in inspecting and reporting upon front-line conditions pertaining to the work of his section. During the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne operations of the 1st Army Corps, he efficiently directed the instruction and training of machine-gun units at every available opportunity during rest periods. Later, as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-5, 3d Army, he manifested the same assiduous devotion to duty in organizing schools, conducting necessary inspections, and carrying out the intensive training process.
War Department, General Orders No. 70 (1919)
Born: at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Columbus, Ohio


SHREEVE, HERBERT E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Herbert E. Shreeve, Lieutenant Colonel (Signal Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Officer in Charge of the Division of Research and Inspection of the Signal Corps, in Paris, Lieutenant Colonel Shreeve rendered exceptionally valuable service, resulting in marked improvement in the efficiency of Signal Corps equipment. By his exact scientific knowledge and inventive genius he assisted in solving problems arising both at t he front and in the Services of Supply.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at England Home Town: Wyoming, New Jersey


SHUMAN, JOHN B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John B. Shuman, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In the Adjutant General's Department during the war and the demobilization period, Colonel Shuman's unusual initiative and splendid judgment contributed in a large measure to the successful handling of the commissioned personnel of the Army. He rendered services of great worth.
War Department, General Orders No. 3 (1922)
Born: at Espey, Pennsylvania
Home Town: La Crosse, Wisconsin


SIBERT, WILLIAM L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William L. Sibert, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in the organization and administration of the Chemical Warfare Service, contributory to the successful prosecution of the war.
War Department, General Orders No. 18 (1919)
Born: at Gadsden, Alabama
Home Town: Gadsden, Alabama


*SIGERFOOS, EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal (Posthumously) to Edward Sigerfoos, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. General Sigerfoos organized the Army School of the Line at Langres, and as its Commandant, displayed unceasing energy and marked military and executive ability in directing its activities. Through the thorough instruction furnished by this school, he contributed materially to the combat efficiency of the line troops, thereby rendering services of inestimable value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 103 (1919)
Born: at Potsdam, Ohio
Home Town: Arcanum, Ohio


SILER, JOSEPH F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Joseph F. Siler, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Siler has been in charge of the Laboratory Service of the American Expeditionary Forces. Due to his untiring zeal and high professional attainments, he has been able to render invaluable service in the prevention of the spread of infectious disease among our troops. Under his able instructions, medical officers were sent out equipped to handle the new medical and surgical problems of war in a manner not believed possible before the present war.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1922)
Born: at Orion, Alabama
Home Town: Opelika, Alabama


SIMMONS, GEORGE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George H. Simmons, Major (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, while serving with the Medical Section, Officer's Reserve Corps. By his thorough knowledge of the medical profession and by his great esteem therein, together with his whole-hearted devotion to his task, Major Simmons rendered services of a signal worth in the procurement of physicians and surgeons for the Medical Corps of the Army and in his able advising of the War Department upon the qualifications of that great body of the medical profession who entered the Army.
War Department, General Orders No. 3 (1922)
Born: at England Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


SIMONDS, GEORGE S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George S. Simonds, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. General Simonds served with marked distinction as Chief of Staff of the 2d Army Corps during the important operations along the Hindenburg line in the region of the Sambre Canal. His great administrative ability was shown in the excellent manner in which he handled a large force of American soldiers serving with the British.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Cresco, Iowa
Home Town: Cresco, Iowa


SIMPSON, JOHN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John R. Simpson, Colonel (Ordnance Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While on duty in the Office of the Chief Ordnance Officer, American Expeditionary Forces, in connection with the requirements and procurement of ordnance supplies, by his accurate forecasting and energetic following up of deliveries, Colonel Simpson secured an adequate and uninterrupted flow of ordnance material for the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1921)
Born: at Richmond, Indiana
Home Town: Newton, Massachusetts


SIMPSON, WILLIAM H.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William H. Simpson, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Assistant Chief of Staff, 33d Division, during the Meuse-Argonne offensive and later as Chief of Staff of this division.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1921)
Born: at Weatherford, Texas
Home Town: Aledo, Texas


SINGLETON, ASA L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Asa L. Singleton, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of Staff of Base Section No. 5, Colonel Singleton displayed exceptional administrative ability. The excellent results obtained in evacuating over 700,000 men through the Port of Brest are due in no small measure to the efficient organization created by him. He has rendered services of signal worth to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 126 (1919)
Born: at Taylor County, Georgia
Home Town: Fort Valley, Georgia


SINNOTT, CATHERINE G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Catherine G. Sinnott, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Nurse of Camp Hospital No. 28, France, during the World War, Second Lieutenant Sinnott exhibited marked efficiency and administrative ability. Later, as Chief Nurse at the Nurses' Concentration Camp at Savenay, France, she managed the affairs of nearly a thousand nurses with exceptional tact, industry, and good judgment. She performed the unusual duties assigned to her in a way not only to facilitate greatly the embarkation of nurses, but to maintain a high state of morale and efficient organization among them. She rendered a conspicuously worthy service to the American Expeditionary Forces. Her splendid leadership, tireless energy, and unselfish devotion to duty were an inspiration to all who came in contact with her.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Middletown, Connecticut
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee


SKINNER, GEORGE A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George A. Skinner, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Skinner organized and commanded a hospital center of 20,000 beds at Mars, France. Due to his great force and ability, a hospital group was prepared for the care of the sick and wounded during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives, when the need of hospital beds was critical. This adequate and efficient hospitalization contributed materially to the conservation of man power and to the subsequent success of our force.
War Department, General Orders No. 38 (1922)
Born: at Osage, Iowa
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota


SLADE, GEORGE T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George T. Slade, Colonel (Transportation Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Slade served with marked distinction as Deputy Director General of Transportation, first with the French ministry and later with the Railroad Department in the zone of the Services of Supply. Due to his tactful negotiations and zealous efforts, the Transportation Department secured efficient cooperation with the French railroads and was enabled to meet the tremendous demands imposed upon it by the rapid advance of our armies during the Meuse-Argonne battles.
War Department, General Orders No. 50 (1919)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota


SLADEN, FRED W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Fred W. Sladen, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While Commanding the 5th Infantry Brigade, 3d Division, in the Battle of the Marne in July and in the Argonne operations in France, in October 1918, General Sladen demonstrated conspicuous qualities of ability and leadership. The successes that attended the operations of his brigade were influenced greatly by his energy, skill, and courage as a commander.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Lowell, Massachusetts
Home Town: Omaha, Nebraska
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal


SLAUGHTER, NUGENT H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Nugent H. Slaughter, Lieutenant Colonel (Signal Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in the very successful development of the radio equipment of the United States Army.
War Department, General Orders No. 69 (1919)
Born: at Danville, Virginia
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


SLAVENS, THOMAS H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Thomas H. Slavens, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the New York Depot from July 1917 to march 1918, in which Colonel Slavens demonstrated superb energy and marked executive ability in a position of great responsibility. Later, as Commanding Officer of the 51st Infantry, 6th Division, from October 1918, he showed marked ability in the training of the regiment and during its operations in the Meuse-Argonne.
War Department, General Orders No. 53 (1921)
Born: at Portland Mills, Indiana
Home Town: Urbana, Missouri


*SLIFER, HIRAM J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal (Posthumously) to Hiram J. Slifer, Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Lieutenant Colonel Slifer was charged with active field operations and the construction and operation of the light railways of the 1st Army during the St. Mihiel and Argonne-Meuse offensives. His efforts were unceasing, and, due to his resourcefulness and exceptional executive ability, he was an important factor in the successful operations of the light railway, assuring for the troops of the 1st Army a steady flow of munitions and supplies.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Montgomery County, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


SLOCUM, STEPHEN L'H
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Stephen L'H Slocum, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, while serving as Military Attaché at London, England.
War Department, General Orders No. 124 (1919)
Born: at Cincinnati, Ohio
Home Town: New York, New York


SMALLEY, HENRY R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry R. Smalley, Major (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Adjutant and Operations Officer of the 5th Infantry Brigade of the 3d Division during its occupation of the Chateau-Thierry defensive sector, and during the Champagne-Marne defensive, the Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne offensives, by his military knowledge, devotion to duty, excellent judgment, and unhesitating assumption of responsibility, Major Smalley rendered invaluable services and materially assisted in the success attained by the brigade in its operation.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


SMITH, EMERY T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Emery T. Smith, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the group of Artillery supporting the 33d Division in the attack on t he east bank of the Meuse River, 8 - 13 October 1918, Colonel Smith demonstrated professional attainments and ability of a high order. Later, as a Regimental Commander, by his sound judgment and special knowledge of Artillery, he most successfully directed his units in the support of the attacking Infantry of the 79th Division in the operations north of Verdun from 4 - 11 November 1918. By keeping his elements close to the attacking Infantry he contributed in no small measure to the success of these operations. He rendered services of conspicuous merit and signal worth to the American Expeditionary Forces in a position of great responsibility.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Virginia City, Nevada
Home Town: San Francisco, California


SMITH, ERNEST G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Ernest G. Smith, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Casualty Section, Central Records Office, Lieutenant Colonel Smith performed with marked efficiency duties of a most exacting character. With untiring efforts, sound analytical ability, and masterful attention to detail he handled questions pertaining to casualties in the American Expeditionary Forces with noteworthy success.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Martins Ferry, Ohio
Home Town: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania


SMITH, HARRY A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Harry A. Smith, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. General Smith rendered most conspicuous service as Commandant of the Army schools at Langres, France, the success of which was, in a large measure, due to his vision, zeal and administrative ability. He later showed marked executive ability as Officer in Charge of the administration of civil affairs in German territory occupied by the American Army.
War Department, General Orders No. 12 (1919)
Born: at Atchison, Kansas
Home Town: Atchison, Kansas


SMITH, PERRIN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Perrin L. Smith, Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. To Colonel Smith's great administrative ability, initiative, and tireless energy is due in great measure the very successful practical application of the regulations governing the payment of allotments made by officers and enlisted men, the handling of the various Liberty Bond issues subscribed for through the Army allotment system, and other important financial matters connected with the Army during the emergency.
War Department, General Orders No. 105 (1919)
Born: at Henry, Illinois
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota


SMITH, WILLIAM R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William R. Smith, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commanding General, 36th Division, by his thorough and ceaseless efforts, coupled with a keen insight into the principles of military training, General Smith brought his division to such a high standard of discipline and proficiency as to achieve conspicuous results in a major operation without previous service under fire. The excellent conduct of his division subsequent to the signing of the armistice reflects great credit on him. His services have been of great value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 2 (1920)
Born: at Nashville, Tennessee
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee


SMITH, WINFORD HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Winford Henry Smith, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. as a specialist in hospital management and construction.
War Department, General Orders No. 3 (1922)
Born: at Scarboro, Maine
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland


SMITH, WRIGHT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Wright Smith, Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the 13th Field Artillery, 4th Division, Colonel Smith proved himself an artillerist of extraordinary skill and ability. Due to his energy and determination, he overcame seemingly insurmountable obstacles, keeping his regiment at all times on the alert in order to take its positions promptly, and rendered most effective support to the advancing Infantry units.
War Department, General Orders No. 95 (1919)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Holly Oak, Delaware


SMITHER, HENRY C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry C. Smither, Colonel (Signal Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff in charge of the Supply Section, of the General Staff of the Services of Supply, Colonel Smither demonstrated by his energy, zeal, and masterful efforts a high order of efficiency and ability. He organized the Supply Section and handled without friction the questions of priority and troops orders during the period of the arrival of American troops in France. With a rare gift of tact and address, he discharged most successfully his many important duties.
War Department, General Orders No. 50 (1919)
Born: at Indian Territory Home Town: Denver, Colorado


SNOW, WILLIAM J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William J. Snow, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in planning and executing those measures responsible for the efficiency of the Field Artillery during the war.
War Department, General Orders No. 18 (1919)
Born: at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Rivervale, New Jersey


SNYDER, FREDERIC A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Frederic A. Snyder, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Division Engineer Officer of the 28th Division during its participation in the Aisne-Marne and the Meuse-Argonne offensives, Colonel Snyder solved numerous and difficult problems with marked ability. By his tireless energy in the construction and maintenance of transportation routes and defensive positions he contributed in no small degree to the successes of the combat troops.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at Williamsport, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Williamsport, Pennsylvania


SOLBERT, OSCAR N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Oscar N. Solbert, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, while serving as Military Attaché at Copenhagen, Denmark.
War Department, General Orders No. 124 (1919)
Born: at Sweden Home Town: Worcester, Massachusetts


SOMERVELL, BREHON B.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Brehon B. Somervell (0-3665), Lieutenant Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Adjutant, 15th Engineers, during the period of organization and training, in charge of construction of the Mehun Ammunition Depot, in charge of the construction at Is-sur-Tille Depot, including the Gas Depot at Poinson and the Etain Engine Terminal; Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, and Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, 89th Division from October 1918 until the division returned to the United States, when he was assigned as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4, 3d Army. In all these positions Lieutenant Colonel Somervell displayed unusual vision, initiative, sound judgment, and high professional skill, contributing in a conspicuous way to the successful operation of the American forces in France.
War Department, General Orders No. 14 (1923)
Born: at Little Rock, Arkansas
Home Town: Little Rock, Arkansas
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), 3@ Army Distinguished Service Medals


SOUTHWICK, MARIANO B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Mariano B. Southwick, Major (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commanding Officer, 122d Machine-Gun Battalion, 33d Division, American Expeditionary Forces, from 26 September to 20 October 1918, Major Southwick rendered meritorious services of a high order. By his great efficiency, energy, ability, and resourcefulness, often under heavy enemy shell and machine-gun fire, he rendered valuable services to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 12 (1929)
Born: at Springfield, Illinois
Home Town: Springfield, Illinois


SPALDING, GEORGE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George B. Spalding, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Spalding served with marked distinction as Commanding Officer of the 305th Engineers, 80th Division, as Division Engineer of the 80th Division, as Chief Engineer of the 5th Army Corps, and as Chief Engineer of the 1st and 3d Armies. At all times he exhibited professional attainments of the highest order in handling the difficult problems with which he was confronted.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Monroe, Michigan
Home Town: Monroe, Michigan


SPAULDING, OLIVER L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Oliver L. Spaulding, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Assistant Commandant, School of Fire for Field Artillery, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, from December 1917 to May 1918. Lieutenant Colonel Spaulding's constructive and administrative ability was of great value in the remarkable and successful expansion of that school to meet the war requirements of the Field Artillery. In especial, his work in connection with the coordination and development of the course of instruction contributed materially to the excellence of the Field Artillery education received by thousands of officers.
War Department, General Orders No. 19 (1920)
Born: at St. Johns, Michigan
Home Town: St. Johns, Michigan


SPEAKS, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles E. Speaks, Lieutenant Colonel (Transportation Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Lieutenant Colonel Speaks organized and operated with marked success the Division for the Procurement of Motor Transport Supplies in the office of the Director, Motor Transport Corps, American Expeditionary Forces, and by his intelligent application, wide experience, sound judgment, and devotion to duty successfully surmounted great difficulties in providing adequate motor transportation for the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 16 (1923)
Born: at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Akron, Ohio


SPENCE, CARY F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Cary F. Spence, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Spence Commanded with marked distinction the 117th Infantry, 30th Division, from the time of its organization and early training period to the completion of the active combat operations in the Ypres-Lys and Somme offensives. He especially distinguished himself while in command of his regiment on 8 - 9 October 1918, when he advanced his line two-and-one-half miles, capturing several towns, numerous cannon, and many prisoners.
War Department, General Orders No. 19 (1920)
Born: at Knoxville, Tennessee
Home Town: Knoxville, Tennessee


SPENCER, EUGENE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Eugene J. Spencer, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Colonel, 32d Engineers, Colonel Spencer constructed, in large part, the storage camp at St.. Sulpice, Bordeaux, the receiving barracks of Genicourt, the new port at Talmont, the munitions depot at St. Loubes, France. As Chief Engineer of Base Section No. 2, Bordeaux, France, his duties included the construction and maintenance of roads and buildings, supervision of forests and posts. His high professional skill, unremitting energy, and devotion to duty contributed markedly to the success of the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 13 (1923)
Born: at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Webster Groves, Missouri


SPINKS, MARCELLUS G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Marcellus G. Spinks, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. By his untiring efforts, zeal, and marked military efficiency in the performance of duties of responsibility as Senior Assistant of the Inspector General's Department in France, General Spinks has rendered services of exceptional value to the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Meridian, Mississippi
Home Town: Meridian, Mississippi


SPRUANCE, WILLIAM C., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William C. Spruance, Jr., Colonel (Ordnance Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, as Chief of the Powder Section, Production Division, of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance. Later as Special Assistant to the Chief of Ordnance in charge of chemicals, propellants, and explosives, and Chief of the Explosives, Chemicals, and Loading Division, Office of the Chief of Ordnance, in which capacities he successfully organized the industry of the country so as to yield at all times an ample supply of powder, not only for the needs of the U.S. Army, but to some extent for the needs of the cobelligerents against Germany.
War Department, General Orders No. 77 (1919)
Born: at Wilmington, Delaware
Home Town: Wilmington, Delaware


SQUIRES, GEORGE O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George O. Squires, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Signal Officer General Squires has demonstrated scientific attainments of the highest order. His researches and contributions to the scientific equipment of the Signal Corps are noteworthy. The Signal Corps under him has been an extremely progressive and efficient organization.
War Department, General Orders No. 103 (1919)
Born: at Dryden, Michigan
Home Town: Dryden, Michigan


ST. JOHN, FORDYCE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Fordyce B. St. John, Major (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commanding Officer of Mobile Hospital No. 2 at Coincy, France, from June to August 1918, Major St. John commanded his hospital under most difficult and trying conditions with inadequate equipment and personnel. Later he served continuously at the front, taking a most active part in the Medical Service of our military efforts. Due to his unusual organizing ability and his indomitable will, his unit was always close to the firing line.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1921)
Born: at Hackensack, New Jersey
Home Town: Hackensack, New Jersey


STACKPOLE, PIERPONT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Pierpont L. Stackpole, Lieutenant Colonel (Field Artillery), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Aide-de-Camp to Lieutenant General Hunter Liggett, U.S. Army, Lieutenant Colonel Stackpole rendered exceptional services during the entire time that the latter Commanded the 1st Army Corps, the 1st Army, and the 3d Army. By his military attainments and pronounced ability he proved to be a most important factor in the successes of the corps and also of the armies.
War Department, General Orders No. 126 (1919)
Born: at Brookline, Massachusetts
Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts


STANBERY, SANFORD B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Sanford B. Stanbery, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Having taken Command of the 155th Infantry Brigade, 78th Division, prior to the attack of 1 November 1918, General Stanbery proved himself a forceful and capable military leader. With the tactical situation thoroughly in hand, by his zeal and good judgment he contributed to the brilliant results attained during the severe fighting in the advance toward Sedan in the final phase of the Meuse-Argonne offensive.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Millersburg, Ohio
Home Town: California, Ohio


STANLEY, DAVID S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to David S. Stanley, Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Quartermaster and Chief of Staff, Base Section No. 5, at Brest, France, by his great administrative ability, exceptional foresight, and tireless energy, Colonel Stanley handled numerous difficult problems of supply and transportation with unusual efficiency and success. In the performance of his great task he rendered services of conspicuous worth to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 15 (1923)
Born: at Dakota Territory Home Town: Washington, D.C.


STANSFIELD, JAMES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to James H. Stansfield, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, serving with the 132d Infantry, 33d Division. In the Bois-de-Chaume during 9 - 11 October 1918, when due to his rare presence of mind and courage, Lieutenant Colonel Stansfield prevented the disorganization of units of regiments that had suffered heavy casualties. He personally reorganized scattered groups and caused them to hold a line which appeared untenable. He has rendered services of great value.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1921)
Born: at Bridgeport, Illinois
Home Town: Oak Park, Illinois


STANTON, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles E. Stanton, Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Disbursing Officer in the Office of the Finance Division, Quartermaster Corps, at Paris, Colonel Stanton performed his duties with unremitting zeal, displayed marked administrative ability and accurate judgment in solving problems of extraordinary difficulty, rendering services of marked worth.
War Department, General Orders No. 70 (1919)
Born: at Monticello, Illinois
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah


STARBIRD, ALFRED A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Alfred A. Starbird, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in connection with the planning, organization, and administration of the post and subposts of Brest, Base Section No. 5, thereby contributing in a very great measure to the successful operation of this base during the return of the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 19 (1922)
Born: at South Paris, Maine
Home Town: South Paris, Maine


STARK, ALEXANDER N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Alexander N. Stark, Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Stark served as Chief Surgeon of the 1st Army during all its offensives, charged with the organization and direction of the Medical Service, involving the treatment and evacuation of many thousands of sick and wounded under most adverse conditions. In this important capacity he performed his duties with marked ability. With good judgment, furthered by high professional attainments and tireless energy, he solved the difficult problems which arose, prevented much suffering, and saved the lives of many among the American and French wounded soldiers.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia


STARR, WILLIAM T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William T. Starr, Lieutenant Colonel (Military Police Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I, in the organization of the Provost Marshal General's Department, American Expeditionary Forces, from 19 November 1918 to 1 February 1919, in which capacity he displayed marked qualities of zeal and efficiency that were of great benefit to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1921)
Born: at Indianapolis, Indiana
Home Town: New York, New York


STAYTON, WILLIAM H., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to William H. Stayton, Jr., Major (Adjutant General's Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. With rare vision, sound judgment, and signal ability, Major Stayton organized and operated the office charged with the responsibility for the circulation of officers, soldiers, and civilians of the American Expeditionary Forces in France, and of the officers of the allied forces in the zones occupied by the American armies, maintaining active contact with British and French authorities and with the American military police throughout France with reference to such circulation. By his tact and initiative, without American precedent, he handled these activities with the utmost efficiency. Later, in charge of the Appointment and Promotion Section of the Adjutant General's Office, American Expeditionary Forces, he displayed unusual executive and administrative ability. His services were of immeasurable value to the Government.
War Department, General Orders No. 14 (1923)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


STEBBINS, HORACE C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Horace C. Stebbins, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, 2d Army Corps, Lieutenant Colonel Stebbins performed his important duties with merited ability and zeal. Through his efficient administration of the section, complete and timely intelligence of the enemy was promptly disseminated through the combatant troops, which aided materially in the successes of his corps.
War Department, General Orders No. 87 (1919)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: New York, New York


STEESE, JAMES G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to James G. Steese, Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant to the Chief of Engineers and in charge of the Personnel, Equipment, Construction, and Maps Division of the Office of the Chief of Engineers, Colonel Steese displayed exceptional ability in handling commissioned personnel matters and developed special apparatus and methods for the production of aerial navigation maps. Since September 1918, the solution of many difficult problems in the organization and operation of the Personnel Branch, General Staff, has been due largely to his special knowledge of personnel matters, his untiring zeal, good judgment, and exceptional administrative ability.
War Department, General Orders No. 47 (1919)
Born: at Mount Holly Springs, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania


STEPHENS, JOHN E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to John E. Stephens, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the War Plans Branch of the War Plans Division of the General Staff from 4 October 1917 to 13 June 1918, General Stephens was directly responsible for the preparation of plans for the organization of units of the Army and all special branches thereof. In this capacity he rendered most conspicuous services in a brilliant manner. By his keen foresight, great breadth of vision, and tireless energy he carried to successful completion the various plans and problems which confronted him. Later, as Commander of the 61st Field Artillery Brigade, 36th Division, he again demonstrated these high professional attainments and splendid leadership, which at all times characterized his service.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Brentwood, Tennessee
Home Town: Brentwood, Tennessee


STERNBERGER, HENRY S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Henry S. Sternberger, Lieutenant Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While serving as Quartermaster of his Division throughout the entire period of its operations in Belgium and France, by his untiring zeal, great energy, tact, and sound judgment, Lieutenant Colonel Sternberger was able to overcome many difficult problems of supply, thereby rendering services of great value to the American Expeditionary Forces.
War Department, General Orders No. 38 (1922)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


STEWART, MERCH B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Merch B. Stewart, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Senior Instructor at the Plattsburg Training Camp from May until August 1917, General Stewart displayed organizing and training ability and talents of the highest order, in successfully directing the training and selection of 6,000 officer candidates, thereby rendering services of inestimable value to our newly-formed forces. As Chief of Staff, 76th Division, from August 1917 until June 1918, he again showed tireless energy, practical resourcefulness, and military attainments of the highest order. Later, as Commander of the 175th Infantry Brigade, 88th Division, he performed his duties with marked ability and excellent judgment.
War Department, General Orders No. 49 (1922)
Born: at Mitchell Station, Virginia
Home Town: Glenn Falls, New York


STEWART, REDMOND C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Redmond C. Stewart, Major (Judge Advocate General), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Major Stewart served with the 1st Division as Division Judge Advocate throughout the entire hostilities. At all times, by his high-minded sense of duty, his personal example of energy, loyalty, and courage, he was a powerful and consistent influence for promoting the morale, harmony, spirit, and the high standard of the 1st Division. His superior professional attainments and his loyal devotion to duty contributed materially to the success of his division and made him a conspicuous figure in a position of great responsibility.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Baltimore County, Maryland
Home Town: Eccleston, Maryland


STILLWELL, JOSEPH W.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Joseph W. Stillwell (0-1912), Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, 4th Army Corps, during the St. Mihiel offensive, and later during the operations in the Woevre, Lieutenant Colonel Stillwell displayed military attainments of a high order. With great energy and zeal he pursued the developments of the enemy activities on the corps front, securing invaluable information which assisted in a marked degree to the planning of the operations. He contributed by the excellent performance of his task to the success of the operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 78 (1919)
Born: at Palatka, Florida
Home Town: Yonkers, New York
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), 2@ Army Distinguished Service Medals


STIMSON, JULIA C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Julia C. Stimson, Chief Nurse, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Nurse of Base Hospital No. 21, Chief Nurse Stimson displayed marked organizing and administering ability while that unit was on active service with the British forces. Her devotion to duty was exceptional while she was Chief Nurse of the American Red Cross in France. Upon her appointment as Director of Nursing Service of the American Expeditionary Forces, she performed exacting duties with conspicuous energy and achieved brilliant results. Thousands of sick and wounded were cared for properly throughout the efficient services she provided.
War Department, General Orders No. 70 (1919)
Born: at Worcester, Massachusetts
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri


STIVERS, DANIEL G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Daniel G. Stivers, Lieutenant Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Quartermaster of the 3d Division during the Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne offensives, in maintaining an excellent system of quartermaster supplies and utilities under the greatest difficulties of active service, Lieutenant Colonel Stivers' superb efforts contributed in a marked degree to the success of this division throughout its operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1921)
Born: at Fort Davis, Texas
Home Town: Butte, Montana


STOKES, MARCUS B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Marcus B. Stokes, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commander of the 311th Infantry, 78th Division, during its organization, training, and in all of its operations, Colonel Stokes handled all of his tasks with marked efficiency and in a manner that reflected great credit upon himself. By his most careful and thorough preparations, sound judgment, skillful and energetic leadership, he contributed in a large measure to the successes achieved by his regiment against the enemy.
War Department, General Orders No. 49 (1922)
Born: at Colleton, South Carolina
Home Town: Early Branch, South Carolina


STONE, DAVID L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to David L. Stone, Colonel (Quartermaster Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, 3d Division, as G-1 of that organization, and later as G-1, 2d Army, Colonel Stone performed with distinction his important duties. In the action from 5 July to 2 August 1918, near Chateau Thierry, and in the advance to the Ourcq River, he displayed tireless energy and ability of an unusually high order in supplying troops under the most difficult conditions. Aggressive and resourceful, he proved equal to every emergency.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Greenville, Mississippi
Home Town: Greenville, Mississippi


STONE, EDWARD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Edward R. Stone, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Second in Command of the 9th Infantry, 2d Division, Colonel Stone participated with credit in the Aisne defensive, the operations in the Chateau-Thierry sector, and in the Aisne-Marne offensive. Subsequently, upon being placed in Command of the 23d Infantry, 2d Division, he led it with marked ability in the St. Mihiel offensive, and by his skillful leadership was largely responsible for the successes gained by this regiment in the Battle of Blanc Mont Ridge and the Meuse-Argonne offensive.
War Department, General Orders No. 89 (1919)
Born: at Spencer, Massachusetts
Home Town: Spencer, Massachusetts
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal


*STRAIGHT, WILLARD D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal (Posthumously) to Willard D. Straight, Major (Adjutant General's Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In the service of the organization, development, and administration of the War Risk Bureau, Major Straight's efforts resulted in marked efficiency in the handling of the large volume of insurance, as well as the numerous applications for allotments and allowances which covered almost the entire personnel of the American Expeditionary Forces. As an Assistant in the First Section of the General Staff of the 1st Army, he rendered particularly valuable services to the Government by his great energy and high ability.
War Department, General Orders No. 50 (1919)
Born: at Oswego, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


STRONG, GEORGE V.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to George V. Strong, Lieutenant Colonel (Judge Advocate General's Department), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While on staff duty with Headquarters, 4th Army Corps and Headquarters, 2d Army, American Expeditionary Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Strong was in charge of all troop movements preparatory to the St. Mihiel attack and immediately following this attack, and was also in charge of all troop movements from the 4th Army Corps in the Toul sector to the Argonne front. By his tireless energy, keen foresight, and sound judgment he perfected the multifarious duties whereby all of these movements were carried to successful completion. During this period his services were conspicuously efficient and contributed materially to the success of these operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 38 (1922)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Helena, Montana


STRONG, RICHARD P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Richard P. Strong, Lieutenant Colonel (Medical Corps), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Possessed of the highest professional qualifications and actuated by zealous devotion to duty, Lieutenant Colonel Strong has rendered services of inestimable value to the American Expeditionary Forces, notably as President of a Board appointed to investigate the cause of trench fever, a disease which had caused serious losses to the effectiveness of the allied armies. The scientific research of this Board under his skillful direction led to the discovery of the means by which trench fever is transmitted and in the establishment of effective measures for its prevention.
War Department, General Orders No. 70 (1919)
Born: at Fortress Monroe, Virginia
Home Town: Cambridge, Massachusetts


SULTAN, DANIEL I.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Daniel I. Sultan (0-2212), Colonel (Corps of Engineers), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Personnel Section in the Office of the Executive Assistant to the Chief of Staff of the Army during the war and the demobilization, Colonel Sultan formulated policies covering commissioned personnel and handled with marked ability many complex questions of grave importance to the War Department and to the entire Army. His work was characterized by conspicuous breadth of vision and keen foresight. His splendid judgment and the sound policies initiated by him contributed in a large measure to the successful handling of the commissioned personnel of the Army. He rendered service of signal worth to the Government in a position of great responsibility.
War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)
Born: at Oxford, Mississippi
Home Town: Oxford, Mississippi
Personal Awards: 4@ Army Distinguished Service Medals


SUMMERALL, CHARLES P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles P. Summerall, Major General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. General Summerall Commanded in turn a Brigade of the 1st Division in the operations near Montdidier, the 1st Division during the Soissons and St. Mihiel offensives and in the early battles of the Meuse-Argonne advance, and the 5th Army Corps in the latter battles of this advance. In all of these important duties his calm courage, his clear judgment, and his soldierly character had a marked influence in the attainment of the successes of his commands.
War Department, General Orders No. 12 (1919)
Born: at Lake City, Florida
Home Town: Astatula, Florida
Personal Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (WWI), Army Distinguished Service Medal


SUNDERLAND, ARCHIBALD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Archibald H. Sunderland, Brigadier General, U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Commandant of the Coast Artillery School and in the reorganization and administration of that institution, General Sunderland thereby enabled it to meet effectively the demands made upon it for training candidates for commissions in the Coast Artillery Corps.
War Department, General Orders No. 47 (1919)
Born: at Delavan, Illinois
Home Town: Delavan, Illinois


SWAIM, DAVID R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to David R. Swaim, Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. While serving as Division Machine-Gun Officer, 33d Division, Lieutenant colonel Swaim displayed remarkable ability in the supervision, disposition, and general control of the machine- gun units of the division. By his high professional attainments and indefatigable zeal he brought the division machine-gun units to an unusual state of efficiency, thus contributing greatly to the successes achieved by the division.
War Department, General Orders No. 8 (1924)
Born: at Fairmount, Illinois
Home Town: Danville, Illinois


SWEENEY, WALTER C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Walter C. Sweeney, Colonel (Infantry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of Staff of the 28th Division, Colonel Sweeney rendered conspicuously valuable services in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. In the capture of the strong enemy positions at le Chene Tondu, Apremont, Chatel-Chehery, and Hill No. 244, by his marked ability and tactical knowledge he proved a material factor in the successes achieved during these important operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Wheeling, West Virginia
Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia


SWEET (FALCONER), ETHEL E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Ethel E. Sweet (Falconer), Chief Nurse, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief Nurse of the Nurses' Mobilization Stations in New York City, Chief Nurse Sweet (now Mrs. Theodore Falconer) contributed largely to the rapid and successful embarkation of over 10,000 nurses for overseas duty during the World War. She displayed exceptional zeal, foresight, and good judgment in organizing the separate staffs of this large group of nurses, and by her efficiency, industry, and tact made possible the transfer to Europe of this large contingent of women, an unusual and difficult feat performed under the most trying and perplexing conditions.
War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)
Born: at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: , Canada


SYMMONDS, CHARLES J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Charles J. Symmonds, Colonel (Cavalry), U.S. Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. Colonel Symmonds Commanded for many months the important Intermediate Storage Depot at Gievres. He successfully administered a large personnel and supervised the growth of Gievres as a storage depot. He organized the system of supply from that station so efficiently that there were not shortages, either for food or material, at the regulating stations dependent upon Gievres for supply during all the active operations.
War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)
Born: at Holland, Michigan
Home Town: Kenosha, Wisconsin

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The above links provide the citations for all Army DSMs as reported in Decorations United States Army 1862 - 1926 and the five supplements, representing all awards from inception through the beginning of World War II. We continue to work on the citations for World War II to present and will be adding to these pages as we obtain additional information.

 

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