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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross

 
 To U.S. Marine Corps Personnel
Korean War 1950-1953
(224 Awards)

A-D    E-L   M-R   S-Z

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

ABELL, WELTON R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Welton R. Abell (0-43826), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company F, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea from 6 to 8 December 1950. Charged with the responsibility of integrating survivors from a five-day battle and special services personnel unfamiliar with infantry tactics into a coordinated combat group to act as part of the advance guard Battalion for the Division's move from Hagaru-ri to Koto-ri, First Lieutenant Abell placed himself at the head of his troops and boldly led them forward against a vastly outnumbering, deeply entrenched enemy along the line of march. Spearheading the assault throughout twenty-two hours of furious action in sub-zero weather, he continuously exposed himself to blistering automatic weapons, grenade, rifle and mortar fire to re-deploy his troops as casualties occurred and direct their effective fire in overcoming successive strong hostile positions which blocked the road. With all but two of his officers either killed or wounded and his ranks depleted by casualties early in the action, he dispatched runners to notify his platoons of an attempted enemy envelopment of the right flank area and, when both were struck down before completing the mission, moved to the area alone under the intense barrage and calmly disposed his men to shift their fire and block the threat to his lines. Assigned the mission of seizing a commanding ridgeline occupied by overwhelming forces in strong defensive positions the early morning of 8 December, First Lieutenant Abell skillfully maneuvered his depleted company up the steep, frozen hillside in a blinding snowstorm and, by late afternoon had succeeded in gaining a defensive position. Painfully wounded in the shoulder when the enemy launched a vicious counterattack shortly after dark, he steadfastly refused medical attention and continued to remain with his troops, offering words of encouragement and inspiring them to hold fast until the assault was repulsed. His brilliant leadership, fortitude and valiant devotion to duty against tremendous odds reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Abell and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1011 (September 29, 1951)
Born: at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri

ADAMS, JON D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jon D. Adams (1221228), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations as a Machine Gunner of Weapons Company, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 4 - 5 September 1952. With his squad receiving the brunt of a devastating enemy artillery and mortar bombardment while occupying a vitally important sector of an outpost hill position, Private First Class Adams voluntarily moved forward through the murderous barrage and set up his machine gun on the forward slope of the hill in a daring attempt to repulse the inevitable hostile assault. Resolutely maintaining his position until three waves of the enemy were within accurate range of his gun, he opened fire and, delivering a deadly volley upon the onrushing troops, succeeded in repelling the main assault. Although seriously wounded while moving his weapon to a more advantageous position, he continued to bring accurate and effective fire upon the enemy, repulsing a second onslaught. While preparing to move to a third position, and having no tripod at this time, he threw a belt of ammunition over his shoulder, picked up the hot gun in his bare hands and, ignoring the painful burns he was sustaining, fired the weapon from his hip until momentarily blinded by a concussion grenade. Regaining partial sight, he gallantly continued to deliver a hail of effective fire until critically wounded by enemy shrapnel, refusing to be evacuated until all other friendly casualties had received medical treatment. By his exceptional valor, marked fortitude and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of overwhelming odds, Private First Class Adams single-handedly accounted for fifty-eight enemy casualties. His heroic actions sustain and enhance the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 976 (November 17, 1953)
Born: at Fort Worth, Texas
Home Town: Zapata, Texas

ADAMS, RICHARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard J. Adams (1191607), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman of Company G, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 19 - 20 March 1953. Although painfully wounded when the outpost occupied by his squad far forward of the main line of resistance was attacked by an enemy company following a preparatory mortar barrage, Private First Class Adams remained at his post and, delivering a devastating hail of accurate small-arms fire, inflicted heavy casualties upon the onrushing enemy. Observing an enemy grenade land in the trench line near two of his comrades, he unhesitatingly rushed to the scene and placed his helmet over the deadly missile the instant it exploded, thereby saving his fellow Marines from possible serious wounds. Despite additional wounds to himself sustained during this heroic act, he immediately returned to his fighting position and, encountering several of the enemy moving into the trench, single-handedly engaged them in hand-to-hand combat, forcing them from the trench. Nearing a point of complete exhaustion, he still refused medical aid until all other casualties had been treated, and walked unaided a distance of approximately three hundred yards to the main line of resistance. By his intrepid fighting spirit, exceptional fortitude and gallant initiative, Private First Class Adams served to inspire all who observed him and contributed in large measure to the success of his unit in repelling the attackers. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 978 (January 9, 1953)
Born: at Des Moines, Iowa
Home Town: Clear Lake, Iowa

ALEXANDER, GEORGE W., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George W. Alexander, Jr. (0-52680), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Intelligence Officer of the Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 8 - 9 April 1952. Learning that a returning combat patrol had suffered heavy casualties and had been forced to break contact with the enemy before recovering the body of the platoon leader, Second Lieutenant Alexander unhesitatingly volunteered to lead a party into hostile territory in a daring attempt to recover the deceased officer. Organizing a seven-man patrol, he bravely led his unit in fighting off repeated attacks by numerically superior hostile forces en route to the objective, personally killed three of the enemy, and pushed on toward his destination in the face of intense enemy mortar, small-arms and grenade fire. When a member of his unit was wounded, Second Lieutenant Alexander promptly killed one of the enemy who was attempting to capture the stricken man and, while skillfully directing the fire of his automatic riflemen, laid down effective fire with his own weapon until the success of the mission was assured. Throughout a period of three hours, he gallantly maneuvered his patrol across flooded rice paddies in the daylight under persistent enemy small-arms and mortar fire and successfully led his unit into friendly lines with the body of the missing platoon leader. By his outstanding courage, superb leadership and unswerving devotion to the fulfillment of his mission at the risk of his life, Second Lieutenant Alexander served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 152 (March 10, 1953)
Born: at Brookville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Clarion, Pennsylvania

ALLEY, DAVID W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David W. Alley (11052554), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman in Company G, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces on a hill overlooking Yudam-ni, Korea, on 30 November 1950. When the enemy launched an attack while his company was moving into new positions and platoon and squad officers and leaders were either killed or wounded, Private First Class Alley unhesitatingly assumed command of his squad and, skillfully reorganizing his group, conducted the effective defense of his sector with the result that the hostile troops were repulsed. Repeatedly braving intense enemy fire, he positioned and repositioned his men for efficient defense and supplied them with ammunition and grenades, successfully repelling continued hostile attacks throughout the night. Indefatigable in his efforts, he exposed himself to small-arms, automatic weapons and grenade fire again on the next morning to observe and adjust mortar fire for his company. When his company was ordered to break contact with the enemy located fifty yards to the front, he skillfully withdrew his squad without a single casualty. His cool and skilled leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of aggressive enemy action reflect the highest credit on Private First Alley and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 688 (July 11, 1951)
Born: at Sioux Falls, South Dakota
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota

*BANCROFT, ARTHUR RICHARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Arthur Richard Bancroft (0-35520), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Pilot of a Helicopter in Marine Observation Squadron SIX (VMO-6) during operations against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 29 September 1950. Receiving information that a friendly observation plane was overdue from its mission and presumed downed behind enemy lines, First Lieutenant Bancroft voluntarily took his unarmed helicopter over enemy-infested territory to search for the missing aircraft. In the face of intense hostile small- arms and anti-aircraft fire, he deliberately flew at a low searching altitude and apparently sighted the downed plane just before hostile fire found its target and sent his helicopter crashing to the ground. By his daring initiative, outstanding courage and selfless devotion to duty, First Lieutenant Bancroft upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 31 (January 24, 1952
Born: April 18, 1920 at Des Moines, Iowa
Home Town: Hillsboro, Iowa

BANKS, CHARLES L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles L. Banks (0-5313), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of the First Service Battalion, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea from 29 November to 6 December 1950. On the morning of 29 November when a numerically superior hostile regiment launched a combined grenade, small-arms, machine-gun and mortar attack against his supply dump area, Lieutenant Colonel Banks quickly deployed his non-tactical personnel into a well-formed defensive perimeter and, assisted by a friendly artillery battery and several tanks, succeeded in repelling the assault and in inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. Aggressively defending his sector against a second determined hostile attack during which heavy and accurate mortar fire ignited several oil dumps and a small enemy force broke through his lines, he immediately shifted his defensive positions, engaged and repulsed the hostile troops and put them to rout, again inflicting heavy casualties. As Sector Commander of approximately one-half of the defense area, Lieutenant Colonel Banks skillfully coordinated the component elements of his command into an efficient fighting team which succeeded in repelling an enemy regiment and in wounding at least fifty per cent of the hostile forces during close fighting which lasted from 1 to 6 December. His tactical ability, organizational skill and inspiring leadership reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Banks and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 662 (July 14, 1951)
Born: at West Milford, New Jersey
Home Town: Newark, New Jersey

BANNING, VIRGIL W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Virgil W. Banning (0-6740), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 23 April 1951. When a determined night assault by a large hostile force of regimental strength deeply penetrated a friendly unit and threatened the west flank of the Marine Division, Lieutenant Colonel Banning led his battalion in a forced march across six kilometers of extremely rugged mountainous terrain to reach a vitally strategic position on top of a 900-meter ridge and halt the enemy attack. Although engaged in fierce fighting almost immediately upon reaching the objective, he boldly exposed himself to intense hostile small-arms and mortar fire to skillfully organize a defensive position, direct his battalion in beating off repeated assaults by the enemy and move among the men with words of encouragement. Receiving orders on the following morning to disengage and take up further blocking positions, he removed all casualties with the battalion while successfully breaking contact with the enemy, evacuating 93 dead and wounded by litter from the fire-swept ridge line. By his brilliant leadership, Lieutenant Colonel Banning served to inspire all who observed him and contributed materially to the success of his division in averting the threat of encirclement by the enemy. His outstanding courage, professional skill and valiant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 10 (January 12, 1952)
Born: at Mott, North Dakota
Home Town: Liepzig, North Dakota

BARBOSA, ARTHUR G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur G. Barbosa (660069), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine-Gun Squad Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 15 April 1952. When his platoon's outpost was subjected to a night attack by a numerically superior enemy force employing a heavy barrage of artillery fire, Sergeant Barbosa skillfully maneuvered his squad under heavy machine-gun and rifle fire to more favorable positions and effectively directed his men in pinning down hostile gun positions, permitting the remainder of his platoon to reorganize and form a tighter perimeter. As the enemy attack gained momentum, inflicting casualties upon all of his men except one, he quickly manned his machine gun and placed it at a vantage point to cover both sides of the opposition's route of attack. Braving withering hostile fire, he expertly deployed his weapon and vigorously engaged the enemy at extremely close range, personally repelling three assaults on his sector, killing an estimated twelve of the enemy and wounding numerous others. Unyielding in the face of heavy odds, he constantly shouted words of encouragement to his fellow Marines and directed the evacuation of his wounded comrades. Painfully wounded during the fierce battle, Sergeant Barbosa, by his aggressive fighting spirit, exceptional courage and marked fortitude, served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 320 (April 29, 1953)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

BARLOW, QUINTON T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Quinton T. Barlow (376508), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), during action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 16 April 1952. When a reinforced platoon outpost was subjected to a night attack by a numerically superior enemy force employing a barrage of mortar and artillery fire, Technical Sergeant Barlow immediately assumed command and, reorganizing his platoon into a tighter defensive perimeter, assisted his unit in maintaining control of the outpost. Directing the displacement of two light machine guns when the enemy penetrated into the position, he again organized a defensive perimeter and, despite intense hostile mortar and small- arms fire, moved from position to position, shouting words of encouragement and aiding the wounded. With the hostile forces formed for the final assault, he led the fight to repel the attackers, succeeding in dispersing the enemy within five yards of the defensive ridge. By his daring initiative, inspiring leadership and outstanding courage, Technical Sergeant Barlow served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 123 (March 5, 1953)
Born: at Trade, Tennessee
Home Town: Lancaster, Pennsylvania

BARRETT, JOHN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John M. Barrett (323621), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Leader of a Rifle Squad in Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 10 June 1951. Painfully wounded by hostile grenade fire while leading his men in an attack against a strong enemy hill position, Corporal Barrett courageously refused medical attention and, pressing forward through the intense hostile fire, resolutely continued the attack. Although wounded a second time, he paused only long enough to receive first aid and again charged forward across the fire-swept ground, inspiring his men to follow him in the final assault of the position. While engaged in overrunning the emplacement and routing the entrenched enemy, he was struck by hostile small-arms fire and fell, mortally wounded. By his valiant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds, Corporal Barrett aided immeasurably in the successful seizure of this strategic terrain and thereby upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 154 (March 22, 1952)
Born: at Newport, Rhode Island
Home Town: South Amboy, New Jersey

*BARRETT, ORA EARL, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ora Earl Barrett, Jr. (1139818), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman in Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 10 June 1951. When his unit, hampered by heavy fog and approaching darkness, had withdrawn from a hill to reorganize and resume their attack on the following day, Private first Class Barrett quickly realized that several wounded men still lay in positions swept by intense hostile fire and, courageously moving forward up the slope, placed himself between the casualties and the enemy in order to lay down a base of fire behind which the wounded could be evacuated. Delivering heavy and accurate fire on the hostile positions, he succeeded in distracting the enemy and permitting the casualties to reach safety before he himself fell, mortally wounded. By his daring initiative, valiant fighting spirit and selfless devotion to duty in the face of insurmountable odds, Private First Class Barrett was responsible in a great measure for saving many of his comrades and thereby upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 174 (March 27, 1952)
Home Town: Bellevue, Idaho

BARROW, ROBERT H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert H. Barrow (0-23471), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Koto-ri, Korea, on 9 and 10 December 1950. Ordered to seize and occupy the high ground on Hill 1081 dominating the pass below and held by a heavily-fortified, deeply-entrenched enemy of approximately battalion strength controlling all approaches to his company's objective, Captain Barrow boldly led his company up the ice covered, windswept, razor backed ridge in a blinding snowstorm and, employing artillery, mortars and close air support, launched a well-coordinated attack. With his forward assault platoon suddenly brought under withering automatic weapons, small-arms and mortar fire from commanding ground as they moved along the narrow snow-covered ridge toward a bare mountain top studded with hostile bunkers and foxholes, he fearlessly advanced to the front under blistering shellfire, directing and deploying his men and shouting words of encouragement as they followed him to close with the enemy in furious hand-to-hand combat. Reorganizing his depleted units following the bitter conflict, he spearheaded a daring and skillful enveloping maneuver, striking the enemy by surprise on the right flank and destroying many emplacements as he continued the final drive up the steep slope in the face of heavy automatic weapons and grenade fire to secure the objective with a total loss to the enemy of more than 300 dead and wounded. By his gallant and forceful leadership, great personal valor and fortitude maintained in the face of overwhelming odds, Captain Barrow aided immeasurably in insuring the safe passage of the FIRST Marine Division through this hazardous pass, and his inspiring devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 30 (January 24, 1952)
Born: February 5, 1922 at Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Home Town: St. Francisville, Louisiana
Other Award: Distinguished Service Cross (Vietnam)

BATES, WILLIAM H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William H. Bates (0-57633), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company H, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 24 - 25 July 1953. With the outpost commander severely wounded when the position, located well in advance of the main line of resistance, was subjected to constant assault by a numerically superior enemy force supported by intense mortar and artillery barrages, Second Lieutenant Bates carried the wounded officer to a defiladed position to prepare him for evacuation, and immediately assumed command of the outpost. Due to heavy casualties and the overwhelming odds, he ordered the remaining men to withdraw to the reverse slope of the outpost where he reorganized the unit and prepared to counterattack. Leading the movement to clear the enemy from the trenches, he succeeded in regaining complete control of the vital combat outpost after several hours of bitter hand-to-hand fighting. Throughout the engagement he inspired his men to heroic efforts by his personal valor, frequently moving from man to man to lend words of encouragement and to direct the evacuation of casualties. By his courageous leadership and intrepid fighting spirit in the face of heavy enemy fire, Second Lieutenant Bates upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 408 (June 17, 1954)
Born: at Sulpher, Oklahoma
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

BEARD, JAMES T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James T. Beard (666308), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman in Company B, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Hagaru-ri, Korea, on 3 December 1950. When his platoon closed in fierce hand-to- hand combat with a numerically superior and bitterly resisting enemy force, Private Beard courageously exposed himself to intense hostile fire and, moving from position to position through deep snow drifts, successfully employed hand grenades and rifle fire against the well-entrenched enemy. After killing seven hostile soldiers in his initial attack, he single-handedly assaulted and seized an enemy machine gun, turned its fire against the hostile troops and personally accounted for ten more of their number. By his daring initiative, aggressive determination and unflagging devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds, Private Beard served to inspire all who observed him and contributed materially to the success of his platoon's attack, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 235 (April 3, 1952)
Born: at Dawson Springs, Kentucky
Home Town: Wheatridge, Colorado

BEATTY, ROBERT E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert E. Beatty (1155115), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a member of Company I, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 8 and 9 April 1952. Despite a painful wound sustained while leading an assault against a heavily defended enemy position during a combat patrol, Private First Class Beatty fearlessly exposed himself to hostile mortar, small-arms and grenade fire in a gallant effort to recover the body of his platoon leader who had been fatally wounded in the attack. Carrying the deceased officer through the enemy fire to the foot of a near-by hill, he concealed the body in a thicket and, although exhausted, made his way back to friendly lines to seek help. Bravely concealing his wounds, he immediately volunteered to guide a recovery party through an intense hostile barrage to the position where he had hidden the body of his platoon leader and, although wounded three times by enemy fire during the intensive action and weakened by loss of blood, delivered effective covering fire for his comrades until the mission had been successfully accomplished. Upon returning to friendly lines, he refused to accept medical aid until the other wounded men had received attention, and walked to a forward aid station some three thousand yards distant before submitting to evacuation. By his outstanding courage, exceptional fortitude and valiant fighting spirit, Private First Class Beatty served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 238 (April 1, 1953)
Born: at Ross Township, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Avalon, Pennsylvania

BELL, VAN D., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Van D. Bell, Jr. (0-44563), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Executive Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Hwach'on, Korea, on 29 May 1951. Accompanying the reserve platoon during the initial phase of his company's assault against a series of strongly defended hostile positions on a steep, rocky ridgeline, First Lieutenant Bell was quick to act when the leading elements suddenly came under devastating automatic weapons and small-arms fire and the platoon leader and several men became casualties. Moving quickly forward through the intense barrage, he assumed command of the disorganized platoon and, effecting a prompt and skillful reorganization, spearheaded an attack to neutralize three enemy bunkers in succession. Blown from his feet and painfully wounded by a bursting grenade upon reaching the fourth, heavily fortified emplacement, he succeeded in regaining his feet and, although partially blinded from facial wounds, led a final charge to capture the hill. Refusing medical attention, he continued at the head of his platoon to another ridge in pursuit of the fleeing enemy and, although wounded in the leg during the advance, personally directed machine-gun fire on the remaining hostile positions to the front, staunchly refusing assistance until the position had been consolidated. By his valiant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and tenacious perseverance in the face of tremendous odds, First Lieutenant Bell served as an inspiration to all who observed him, and his selfless devotion to duty throughout the bitter action was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 234 (April 3, 1952)
Born: at Atlanta, Georgia
Home Town: Portsmouth, Rhode Island
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (Vietnam)

BENAVIDES, ADOLFO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Adolfo Benavides (1264474), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman of Company D, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 6 October 1952. Although seriously wounded when his unit was subjected to intense hostile mortar and artillery fire while moving to a defensive position forward of the main line of resistance, Private First Class Benavides gallantly refused to be evacuated and bravely proceeded to his assigned position at the outpost. When a fanatical enemy attack by overwhelming forces was launched against the post immediately after the unit's arrival wounding and disabling the other Marines in a bunker occupied by Private First Class Benavides, he courageously recovered hostile hand grenades as they were thrown into the shelter and quickly hurled them back at the enemy. Severely wounded a second time when one of the grenades detonated in his hand, he was largely instrumental in saving the lives of his helpless comrades and in repulsing the enemy's attempts to occupy a vital position. His resolute fighting spirit and great personal valor in the face of heavy odds reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Benavides and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 475 (June 11, 1953)
Born: at Valley Thello, Texas
Home Town: Ault, Colorado

BETTS, ELMER R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elmer R. Betts (1206938), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving with Headquarters Company, First Tank Battalion, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 3 February 1953. While turning his flame-throwing tank around in preparation for a withdrawal after completing his mission of burning enemy trenches forward of the main line of resistance, corporal Betts noticed two wounded Marines in the ravine to the rear and immediately reversed the motion of the vehicle to get closer to the casualties. When his tank was stopped and held fast by an erosion ditch, he dismounted in the midst of heavy enemy small-arms and mortar fire and ground-guided his tank out of the ditch and into the ravine where he assisted the wounded Marines to climb aboard. Informed by the casualties that their tank had been penetrated twice by antitank projectiles which had probably killed the platoon leader and the loader, he immediately enlisted the aid of a fellow tank commander and, running through intense hostile fire to the disabled tank, which was located within twenty yards of well-entrenched enemy forces, succeeded in driving it back to the nearest first aid station. By his exceptional valor, daring initiative and unyielding devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds, Corporal Betts served to inspire all who observed him and was instrumental in saving the lives of the tank crew, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 937 (October 23, 1953)
Born: at Pontiac, Michigan
Home Town: Pontiac, Michigan

BETTS, HARRISON F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harrison F. Betts (0-45714), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine Gun Platoon Commander in Company H, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces at Hagaru-ri, Korea, on 28 and 29 November, 1950. With the company command post suffering heavy casualties following attack and penetration by an enemy force of estimated regiment strength, First Lieutenant Betts daringly exposed himself to the intense fire to lead a hastily organized platoon of reinforcements through darkness and snow in an attempt to seal a gap in the line. Undaunted when white phosphorous bomb explosions exposed his unit to fierce and concentrated enemy fire, resulting in severe casualties among his men, he gallantly pushed forward with but eight surviving Marines, seven of whom were wounded, and reached an abandoned house. Completely ignoring his own safety, First Lieutenant Betts dragged the men into the building, administered first aid, and immediately took measures to protect them by moving about outside the house and killing any of the enemy who attempted to enter. Single-handedly, he kept vigil for over three hours and personally accounted for eleven enemy dead, including a machine-gunner and his assistant who were attempting to set up their gun and fire on his position. By his fortitude and superb tactical ability, he was directly responsible for saving the lives of the wounded men and denying the position to the enemy, thereby contributing materially to the ultimate success of his company. His valiant fighting spirit, inspiring leadership and selfless devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Betts and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 641 (July 20, 1951)
Born: at Santa Monica, California
Home Town: Culver City, California

BLASONGAME, RICHARD N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard N. Blasongame (1138772), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving with Weapons Company, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Hwang-gi area, East-Central Korea, on the night of 15 - 16 September 1951. Acting as platoon sergeant of the heavy machine-gun platoon, Private First Class Blasongame was put in direct command of the first section of heavy machine guns which were emplaced along a ridgeline on the point of the battalion perimeter, exposed to attack from three sides, and in close proximity to fortified enemy positions. With his gun section bearing the brunt of a series of determined attacks carried out by the enemy during the night, Private First Class Blasongame exhibited unusual courage, leadership, and initiative. Despite the fierceness and intensity of the enemy attacks, he maintained perfect fire control, manned a gun when one of the gunners was wounded, hurled grenades, rendered first aid, supervised the evacuation of the wounded, and rallied his men to repulse each ensuing attack. When ammunition and grenades became critically short, he left his foxhole and exposed himself to a hail of hostile fire to notify the company commander of the situation and to supervise re-supply. On one occasion, upon discovering that the supporting troops on his flank positions had been either killed or wounded, he refused to withdraw his section and continued to hold the position, later going to adjacent positions, bringing up reinforcements, and placing them in positions on his flanks. When a grenade exploded under his last remaining gun, inflicting wounds on his face and hands, and jamming the traversing mechanism, Private First Class Blasongame continued to fire by moving the tripod from side to side. By the next morning, four survivors remained out of his original sixteen-man section, with three of the casualties having been killed. Two hundred and eighty-seven enemy dead were counted in front of the point position, representing only a small portion of the total casualties inflicted during the night. Through his valiant and inspiring actions in holding his position in the face of an apparently hopeless situation, Private First Class Blasongame upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 178 (July 27, 1960)
Born: July 11, 1929 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Boulder, Colorado

BLICK, JOSEPH A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph A. Blick (1049634), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman in Company G, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 7 and 8 December 1950. Voluntarily assuming command of his platoon during a fierce fire fight when the lead and all non-commissioned officers had become casualties, Private First Class Blick quickly reorganized the depleted and battered unit and led it through a blinding snowstorm and a vicious hail of enemy fire in an effective attack on well-entrenched hostile positions. Continuing to direct the assault after the primary objective had been secured, he spearheaded a successful attack against several hostile automatic weapons emplacements, coolly remaining exposed to intense fire during the entire maneuver. Although he sustain two leg wounds in the attack, he was personally responsible for killing fourteen and capturing four of the enemy, and served to inspire the men under his direction to heroic efforts in the accomplishment of their mission. His daring initiative, selfless determination and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of heavy odds reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Blick and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 958 (October 8, 1951)
Born: June 15, 1930 at Paducah, Kentucky
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri

BOLT, JOHN F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John F. Bolt (0-13522), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while attached to the First Marine Aircraft Wing and serving as Pilot of a Plane in the THIRTY-NINTH Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Fifth Air Force, in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 11 July 1953. Sighting four hostile jet interceptors immediately after the second section of his four-plane flight was forced to retire from the area because of a low fuel supply during a reconnaissance mission deep in enemy territory, Major Bolt quickly maneuvered his aircraft and that of his wingman into attack position and deliberately engaged the numerically superior enemy in a head-on firing run, destroying one of the hostile planes with his initial burst of fire. Although his fuel supply was dangerously low, he initiated repeated attacks on the remaining enemy aircraft and severely damaging the engine section of the lead interceptor, resolutely pressed his attack against the crippled plane until the enemy pilot was forced to bail out. By his exceptional courage and superb airmanship in destroying the two aircraft, Major Bolt raised his total of enemy jet planes destroyed during the Korean conflict to six, thereby becoming the first jet ace in the history of Marine Corps aviation. His inspiring leadership and great personal valor reflect the highest credit upon himself and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1138 (January 6, 1954)
Born: at Laurens, South Carolina
Home Town: Sanford, Florida

*BOOKER, DORSIE HENRY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dorsie Henry Booker, Jr. (0-47794), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commander of a Provisional Rifle Platoon, attached to Company I, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Yudam-ni, Korea, during the early morning of 2 December 1950. Rushing to the scene of the heaviest fighting during a fierce hostile counterattack on his positions, First Lieutenant Booker efficiently reorganized his platoon to repulse the assault and, when the numerically superior enemy overran his platoon, he, although an artillery officer, skillfully directed and led successful counterattacks to regain the commanding ground vital to the security of the Battalion's left flank. Repeatedly exposing himself to hostile small-arms, mortar and grenade fire throughout the ensuing five-hour battle, he moved boldly among his group, encouraging the men and directing the evacuation of the many wounded. With no replacements to maintain the weakened perimeter defense, he utilized additional weapons and ammunition from the wounded and deceased, personally manned the most hazardous positions, effectively directed his own fire and that of his platoon to cover the evacuation of the wounded and sustained the defense of his sector until mortally wounded by enemy fire. His cool leadership, tactical ability and indomitable fighting spirit reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Booker and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 642 (July 14, 1951)
Born: January 18, 1924 at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: San Diego, California

*BORAWSKI, WALTER CARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Walter Carl Borawski (464301), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company G, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the early morning of 13 January 1953. Participating in a platoon-sized raid on a strongly-defended enemy hill position far forward of the main line of resistance, Technical Sergeant Borawski skillfully maneuvered the assault element under cover of darkness through intense enemy small-arms and grenade fire to the objective. When his platoon commander was wounded by enemy fire, he immediately assumed command and proceeded to direct the annihilation of the enemy and the destruction of the hostile positions. Although critically wounded by an enemy grenade and suffering intense pain, he gallantly continued to direct the men of the assaulting squads and to shout words of encouragement to them. Upon successful completion of the mission, he steadfastly refused evacuation or medical treatment until assured that all casualties, which numbered over half of the assaulting force, were removed from the devastated area. Succumbing to his wounds while being evacuated to the main line of resistance, Technical Sergeant Borawski, by his indomitable fighting spirit, exceptional fortitude and inspiring efforts in behalf of his comrades, contributed in large measure to the success of his platoon in accomplishing its mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and sustains and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1104 (December 18, 1953)
Born: September 16, 1923 at Utica, New York
Home Town: Utica, New York

BOWERMAN, BILLIE J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Billie J. Bowerman (1191073), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman of Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 10 May 1952. As a member of a raiding party which suffered many casualties when taken under intense mortar and automatic weapons fire during an assault on enemy forces occupying well-entrenched positions on commanding ground, Private First Class Bowerman, aware that the wounded were exposed to hostile machine-gun fire, unhesitatingly charged the enemy gun position in an attempt to protect the wounded Marines. Although painfully wounded, and deprived of the use of his rifle, which was blown from his hands during the bombardment, he bravely continued his attack and succeeded in neutralizing the gun position and killing three of the enemy with grenades. Wounded a second time and blown from his feet from the concussion of bursting grenades and mortar shells, he steadfastly refused medical aid and joined his comrades in routing the remainder of the hostile forces. By his inspiring initiative and valiant fighting spirit in the face of heavy odds, Private First Class Bowerman contributed materially to the success of the raid and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 236 (April 1, 1953)
Born: at Cordell, Oklahoma
Home Town: Stockton, California

*BRAATEN, PALMER SYLVESTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Palmer Sylvester Braaten (402988), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader in a Machine Gun Platoon of Company I, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces southeast of Yudam-ni, Korea, the early morning of 2 December 1950. With his company under vicious attack by a fanatical hostile force of Battalion strength during the hours of darkness, Private First Class Braaten fearlessly exposed himself to devastating hostile mortar, grenade, rifle and small-arms fire to direct the accurate and effective fire of his squad against the savage attackers. Moving from position to position throughout the furious battle, he skillfully repaired stoppages on the guns and calmly evacuated the wounded to the company command post as casualties occurred, at the same time encouraging his men and inspiring them to heroic efforts throughout more than two hours of bitter fighting in sub-zero temperatures. When the violent onslaught forced a withdrawal to a new position, he voluntarily manned a machine gun to cover the movement of his company and the evacuation of wounded from forward positions, remaining alone in his exposed position and continuing his fire until his ammunition was expended. Mortally wounded by a volley of hostile grenades as the last man left the area, Private First Class Braaten, by his fortitude, daring initiative and great personal valor maintained against tremendous odds, was responsible for the saving of many lives, and his gallant fighting spirit throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1126 (November 5, 1951)
Born: June 6, 1922 at Everett, Washington
Home Town: Everett, Washington

BRADLEY, BOBBIE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bobbie B. Bradley (0-11660), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander in Company A, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 8 December 1950. Reorganizing his depleted units following a furious assault against a vastly outnumbering hostile force deeply entrenched on commanding ground, Second Lieutenant Bradley fearlessly exposed himself to heavy and intense enemy machine-gun, mortar and grenade fire from three directions to lead his platoon through a blinding snowstorm in a fierce frontal attack, over-running and destroying the enemy. With his ten remaining men nearing exhaustion and critically short of ammunition, he regrouped and set up a hasty defense in his new position, inspiring them to heroic efforts in repulsing a vigorous counterattack by strong hostile forces. By his superb leadership and aggressive tactics, he was directly instrumental in the successful seizure and defense of his platoon's objective. His gallant devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Bradley and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 839 (August 6, 1951)
Born: at Lincoln, Nebraska
Home Town: Lincoln, Nebraska

*BRADSHAW, CHARLES WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles William Bradshaw (1163385), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Fire Team Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 25 - 26 April 1953. Participating with a ten-man patrol in defense of an important hill position far forward of the main line of resistance, Private First Class Bradshaw detected an enemy force of approximately platoon size approaching within a few yards of the friendly outpost and immediately opened fire, killing the leading element of the hostile patrol and holding off the attackers until accurate fire could be brought to bear upon them by his comrades. Although severely wounded when a heavy barrage of enemy hand grenades landed upon his position, he steadfastly refused to be evacuated and, when it became apparent that the outpost would be overrun by the enemy, again refused evacuation, continuing to deliver effective fire upon the attackers until completely incapacitated by his wounds. Handing his weapon to another member of the patrol, he voluntarily remained in position and sacrificed his own safety in order to allow his comrades to effect a quick withdrawal. By his indomitable fighting spirit, marked fortitude and self-sacrificing efforts, Private First Class Bradshaw was instrumental in saving the lives of the other members of the patrol. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 366 (June 5, 1954)
Born: September 17, 1932 at Rossville, Georgia
Home Town: Kensington, Georgia

*BRATBACK, EARL BENNETT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Earl Bennett Bratback (1059314), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Leader of a Rifle Squad in Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 25 April 1951. Although the point unit was subjected to fierce hostile automatic-weapons, hand-grenade and small-arms fire from a large bunker directly to the front, and pinned down by flanking fire from high ground during the platoon attack against a strongly defended enemy ridge line, Corporal Bratback bravely refused to seek cover and, realizing that the elimination of the bunker was imperative before the men could move in any direction, carried out a daring assault on the hostile strongpoint. Despite intense enemy fire, he boldly ran across the open ground to within a few feet of his objective and, skillfully throwing a hand grenade into the aperture of the bunker, completely neutralized the position before he was struck by a burst of hostile fire and mortally wounded. By his aggressive fighting spirit and initiative, he served to inspire all who observed him and contributed directly to the security of his platoon. His outstanding courage, resolute leadership and unswerving devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Corporal Bratback and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 230 (April 3, 1952)
Born: February 12, 1928 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington

BREEN, RICHARD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard R. Breen (0-16325), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company D, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 26 and 27 September 1950. Although painfully wounded in the arm during the first enemy onslaught, Captain Breen skillfully organized and led his men in a fierce counterattack through a deadly hail of intense hostile fire against a well-entrenched and numerically superior enemy force occupying strong defensive positions overlooking the road to Seoul. Operating with ammunition obtained from an air drop when the enemy cut off his supply line, he continued to press the attack until defensible terrain was secured and the enemy-blocked road opened. Seriously wounded a second time during the night, he steadfastly refused evacuation, continuing to issue orders, encourage his troops, consolidate his position and supervise the care of the wounded until assured that his mission had been accomplished and his company had been relieved from the line. His valiant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and selfless devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming odds reflect the highest credit upon Captain Breen and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 642 (August 6, 1951)
Born: at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

BRITT, WILLIAM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William C. Britt (0-54285), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korean on 19 March 1953. Participating in a raid against a heavily fortified enemy position forward of the main line of resistance, First Lieutenant Britt skillfully maneuvered his men from the line of departure in the face of heavy enemy mortar fire to seize the objective. Although painfully wounded when the position was subjected to intense hostile mortar fire which severed his platoon from the second assault wave and the main lines, he courageously directed and assisted in the evacuation of all wounded from his casualty-ridden platoon and, providing a stirring example of leadership and coolness under fire, inspired the few remaining Marines to carry out an orderly withdrawal. With his unit again subjected to heavy enemy mortar fire during the withdrawal which resulted in additional casualties, he refused medical treatment despite the intense pain of his wounds and continued to direct the removal of casualties to the main line, declining evacuation until assured that all of his men had been accounted for and had been given medical aid. By his exceptional fortitude, valiant leadership and resolute determination, First Lieutenant Britt served to inspire all who observed him and was directly responsible for the saving of many lives. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1068 (December 18, 1953
Born: at Fairmont, North Carolina
Home Town: Fairmont, North Carolina

*BROWN, WILLIAM PERRY, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Perry Brown, Jr. (0-32240), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Pilot of a Plane temporarily attached to Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-323), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 24 February 1952. Volunteering to participate in an eight-plane strike against heavily defended rail and bridge installations along a main enemy supply route at Sariwon, Captain Brown fearlessly pressed home his attack in the face of an intense barrage of hostile antiaircraft fire and scored a direct hit on a rail line with a 1000-pound bomb. Spotting a convoy of enemy trucks entering a well-fortified supply center while he was recovering from his initial dive, he immediately launched a low-level strafing run on the objective despite damage to his plane from continuous hostile ground fire. Although his aircraft burst into flames, Captain Brown bravely continued to dive on the vehicles with his guns blazing until his plane crashed and exploded amid the convoy. His outstanding courage, superb airmanship and valiant devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming odds reflect the highest credit upon Captain Brown and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 940 (November 26, 1952)
Born: December 23, 1918 at Lovelady, Texas
Home Town: Kilgore, Texas
Other Award: Navy Cross (World War II)

*BRYANT, ROLLINS MASON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Rollins Mason Bryant (561257), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant in Company A, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 28 May 1952. During a company attack against a heavily defended enemy strong point located on a hill in the vicinity of Tumae-ri, Staff Sergeant Bryant fearlessly led one of his squads through a succession of hostile trenches and bunkers in the face of a hail of bullets and grenades, fought his way to the objective and deployed his men and machine guns in defensive positions despite the constant barrage of enemy mortar and artillery fire. When the platoon leader became a casualty, Staff Sergeant Bryant unhesitatingly assumed command and, although painfully wounded a short time later by hostile mortar fragments, repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to supervise the reorganization of the unit. Throughout several hours of intensive action, he continually moved from one position to another, establishing communications, redistributing ammunition, shouting words of encouragement to his men and assisting his comrades. Despite severe pain and loss of blood, he bravely refused to be evacuated and continued to direct the fire of his squads until he was mortally wounded by hostile mortar fragments. By his outstanding courage, inspiring leadership and valiant devotion to duty, Staff Sergeant Bryant was greatly instrumental in the success of the company's mission and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 896 (November 12, 1952)
Born: August 18, 1926 at Lancaster, Kentucky
Home Town: Paint Lick, Kentucky

BURR, PHILLIP J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Phillip J. Burr (0-54302), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 6 October 1952. When the enemy launched a devastating artillery and mortar barrage followed by an infantry assault while his platoon was defending an outpost forward of the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Burr bravely made his way through the trenches in the face of withering hostile fire, encouraging his men, carrying ammunition, organizing the defense and supervising the evacuation of the wounded Marines. Although painfully wounded, he steadfastly refused to accept medical attention and continued to direct his men in the defense of the position. Hurled to the ground and wounded a second time by the explosion of an enemy shell while engaged in carrying ammunition until he was again seriously wounded. Immobilized by his many wounds and evacuated to the medical aid bunker, he skillfully controlled the defense while receiving treatment from a corpsman and maintained complete charge of his unit until relieved by another officer. By his indomitable courage, superb leadership and valiant fighting spirit, Second Lieutenant Burr served to inspire his men to heroic endeavor in their successful defense of the outpost. His outstanding bravery, exceptional fortitude and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of great odds reflect the highest credit upon himself and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 592 (July 17, 1953)
Born: at Norwood, Massachusetts
Home Town: Medfield, Massachusetts

BUTLER, GEORGE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George H. Butler (240671), Master Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as First Sergeant of Company D, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Hongch-on, Korea, on 11 March 1951. Observing that the leading assault platoon was pinned down by intense mortar and automatic-weapons fire during a frontal attack against deeply entrenched and heavily fortified hostile bunker positions commanding all approaches, Master Sergeant Butler voluntarily left his relatively safe position and charged forward up the narrow ridge line, rallying the platoon and encouraging the men to follow him through the hail of enemy fire. Spearheading a fierce assault on t he hostile position, he courageously advanced in the face of devastating fire although suffering from painful facial wounds and blinded in one eye after an enemy grenade exploded a few feet from his head. When his own rifle was shot from his hands, he immediately seized another and moved steadily forward, killing ten of the enemy defending the emplacement and inspiring his own men to follow and take the objective. His gallant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds reflect the highest credit upon Master Sergeant Butler and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 232 (March 5, 1952)

*BUTLER, WALLACE S., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wallace S. Butler, Jr. (0-56596), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 8 April 1953. Shortly after midnight, Second Lieutenant Butler led a small rescue force through devastating enemy fire and extreme darkness to an area where a friendly patrol had become separated and had sustained numerous casualties in a raid against an enemy hill position. After discovering that two wounded Marines were still in the objective area, he gallantly advanced up the hill and returned with both men. Observing that enemy patrols were maneuvering in the immediate vicinity in search of prisoners, Second Lieutenant Butler left his only weapon with the defenseless men and dauntlessly raced approximately three hundred yards to a friendly outpost and, securing the aid of stretcher bearers, returned to direct the evacuation of the casualties. Throughout the remaining hours of darkness, he diligently searched the entire area to locate small groups of the more seriously wounded. By his exceptional courage, leadership and outstanding loyalty to his comrades in the face of heavy odds, Second Lieutenant Butler was largely responsible for the successful evacuation of casualties and served to inspire all who observed him, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 102 ((December 2, 1953)
Born: October 10, 1930 at Grand Forks, North Dakota
Home Town: Grand Forks, North Dakota

*CALDWELL, CRAYTON LOWELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Crayton Lowell Caldwell (1196254), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while attached to Battery D, Second Battalion, Eleventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), and serving as a wireman on an artillery observation team of a Marine Rifle Company in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 6 October 1952. Volunteering to serve as a relief on an outpost, Corporal Caldwell immediately assumed the duties of the forward observer, who had become a casualty, and exposed himself to intense enemy sniper and mortar fire to adjust artillery fire on the enemy. When enemy forces launched a furious attack on the outpost, he called friendly artillery fire upon his own position which the enemy had overrun, steadfastly remaining exposed to hostile fire until he was mortally wounded by an enemy mortar shell. By his exceptional courage, daring initiative and unyielding devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds, Corporal Caldwell served to inspire all who observed him and was instrumental in accounting for many enemy dead. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 934 (October 23, 1953)
Born: January 17, 1933 at Wadley, Alabama
Home Town: Wadley, Alabama

*CANNEY, JOHN JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Joseph Canney (0-6094), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Executive Officer of the Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 28 November 1950. When a strong enemy force overran local outposts and threatened the Battalion command Post, Major Canney immediately organized headquarters personnel and established defensive positions. As the enemy troops moved to within twenty yards of certain command post installations, he, without regard for his own personal safety, courageously moved among the defense positions and directed the fire of his men, lending words of encouragement and redeploying the troops as necessary to meet the pressing penetration until he was mortally wounded. By his outstanding leadership, daring initiative and aggressive fighting spirit, Major Canney aided materially in containing the enemy attack and in gaining the necessary time in which to launch a coordinated, successful counterattack, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 632 (July 5, 1951)
Born: January 13, 1916 at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Cambridge, Massachusetts

*CARDILLO, MARIO JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Mario Joseph Cardillo (1214718), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Mortar Ammunition Carrier in Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 9 May 1952. Quick to answer a call for volunteers to go to the aid of a rifle platoon which was subjected to a heavy barrage of enemy artillery, mortar and small-arms fire from a numerically superior hostile force located in nearby, well-entrenched positions, Private First Class Cardillo, although suffering from painful wounds incurred the same day, unhesitatingly assumed a position on an exposed flank out of immediate contact with the platoon. Despite fierce enemy fire, he staunchly maintained his position and engaged the overwhelming force at close range, thereby preventing an encirclement of the platoon and enabling the unit to evacuate the wounded and to withdraw its forward elements. Struck by hostile fire and mortally wounded when the enemy overran his sector, Private First Class Cardillo had served to inspire all who observed him. His great personal valor, exceptional initiative and selfless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 854 (October 20, 1952)
Born: August 4, 1933 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

*CHADWICK, FRED DAVID
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Fred David Chadwick (1005865), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company D, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 31 January 1953. While assisting in the control of the base of fire during a raid against a heavily fortified enemy hill position forward of the main line of resistance, Sergeant Chadwick voluntarily advanced with a rescue party to aid a seriously wounded Marine. When the group was pinned down by a devastating barrage of enemy fire from two machine-gun emplacements, he fearlessly charged forward to deliver effective fire on the hostile positions and succeeded in diverting the enemy's fire from the evacuation unit. Although painfully wounded, he continued to advance and, firing his weapon with deadly accuracy, inflicted numerous casualties upon the enemy, silencing one of the machine guns and enabling his comrades to evacuate the casualty to a defiladed position. Mortally wounded during this heroic action, Sergeant Chadwick, by his indomitable fighting spirit, exceptional courage and resolute determination in the face of heavy odds, was directly responsible for the success of the mission and for saving the lives of his comrades. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and sustains and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1105 (December 18, 1953)
Born: August 5, 1928 at Louellen, Kentucky
Home Town: Columbus, Ohio

CHAIN, WILLIAM B., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William B. Chain, Jr. (1092552), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 13 August 1952. Although painfully wounded and blinded by an exploding hostile grenade after he personally accounted for six enemy dead when his squad's forward outpost was attacked and surrounded by an overwhelming enemy force employing intense mortar, artillery and small-arms fire, Staff Sergeant Chain courageously refused evacuation and quickly reorganized his squad, skillfully directing its fire and calling in supporting arms fire. With the outpost subjected to savage attacks of artillery and mortar barrages followed by wave after wave of assaulting infantrymen, he staunchly refused medical aid and gallantly continued to direct the defense of his position for over a three-hour period, shouting words of encouragement to his men and inspiring them to hold the outpost until reinforcements arrived to relieve his beleaguered squad. By his indomitable fighting spirit, resolute fortitude and great personal valor in the face of heavy odds, Staff Sergeant Chain served to inspire all who observed him and his unfaltering devotion to duty reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 711 (August 17, 1953)
Born: at Camden, New Jersey
Home Town: Camden, New Jersey

CHENOWETH, THEODORE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore H. Chenoweth (0-55758), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company F, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 28 March 1953. Assigned the extremely difficult and hazardous mission of counter-attacking an entrenched enemy force on a vital outpost located far forward of the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Chenoweth skillfully led his platoon through unfamiliar terrain and along mine-infested routes under cover of darkness with a minimum of casualties. Although seriously wounded during an intense barrage of enemy mortar and artillery fire, he refused medical treatment and effectively directed the aid and evacuation of his stricken comrades. After assuming control of an adjacent platoon when its leader was critically wounded at a time when both platoons were pinned down by devastating hostile fire, he resumed his place at the head of the assaulting force and single-handedly charged the enemy position. Inspired by his remarkable display of courage, the men of his unit followed him and engaged the enemy in bitter hand-to-hand fighting in the trenches, succeeding in routing the hostile force. Quickly establishing a hasty defense, he skillfully consolidated the newly-won area and, despite his weakened condition, continued to direct the vital operations from a prone position, assuring himself that all other wounded were cared for before submitting to medical treatment for his own wounds. By his indomitable fighting spirit, marked fortitude and inspiring leadership, Second Lieutenant Chenoweth contributed in large measure to the accomplishment of his platoon's mission. His personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 456 (August 3, 1954)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Hobart, Indiana

CHINNER, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Chinner (567093), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as leader of a Machine Gun Section attached to Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 9 March 1951. With his platoon assigned the mission of seizing a strategic hill position, together with the extremely precipitous ridges leading to it, Sergeant Chinner voluntarily advanced some fifty yards ahead of the lead elements to scout the hazardous terrain and, although exceptionally heavy hostile machine-gun, rifle, grenade and mortar fire forces the unit to move in single file, bravely exposed himself to the enemy while skillfully employing hand signals to direct the leading squad over the best route of approach. When hostile automatic-weapons and grenade fire from two well-concealed bunkers pinned down the platoon and its leading squad, he boldly climbed a sheer twenty-foot rock embankment directly below the enemy positions and, employing only a pistol and hand grenades, killed four of the enemy, thereby permitting his platoon to advance. Armed only with his pistol and captured grenades, Sergeant Chinner continued his lone assault in front of the platoon and, braving heavy hostile rifle and machine-gun fire from a ridge seventy-five yards to his right, brilliantly outflanked three enemy bunkers which were impeding the advance and killed five of the occupants, causing the hostile troops to abandon their positions. Operating ahead of the platoon throughout the entire action, he was the first man to reach the op of the company objective and, by his gallant fighting spirit and daring initiative, contributed directly to the success of his unit. His outstanding courage and steadfast devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Chinner and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 152 (March 3, 1922)
Born: at San Antonio, Texas
Home Town: El Paso, Texas

CHRISTOFFERSON, BERNARD W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard W. Christofferson (0-43051), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Rifle Platoon Commander in Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces at Yudam-ni, Korea, during a pre-dawn attack on 28 November 1950. With his platoon under attack by an overwhelming hostile force and unable to dig in on the frozen, mountainous ridgeline, First Lieutenant Christofferson promptly organized a squad of his men when the fanatical enemy overran the heavy and light machine-gun positions and, before the weapons could be place din action against the remainder of his platoon, personally led a brilliantly executed attack in the face of intense grenade, mortar, automatic rifle and machine-gun fire to recapture the weapons and close the gap in the line. During the furious action, fought in sub-zero temperatures, he alone felled more than 20 of the approximately 250 enemy killed and wounded and, by his courageous leadership and superb tactics, inspired his men to continue the assault to retake and hold the objective, thereby making tenable the Battalion's right flank and establishing a successful defense. Throughout repeated attempts by the enemy to break through, First Lieutenant Christofferson moved from man to man under blistering shellfire, encouraging and redeploying the remaining members of his platoon as casualties occurred and directing their valiant efforts in crushing the attackers in each encounter and in preventing further infiltration. His indomitable fighting spirit, fortitude and unrelenting devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Christofferson and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 789 (August 2, 1951)
Born: at Mora, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota

*COLLINS, ALBERT HARVEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Albert Harvey Collins (1046188), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Assistant Machine Gunner in a Machine-Gun Squad of Company B, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 21 September 1950. Despite a mortal chest wound suffered while he was advancing with his company in a concerted attack against strong enemy gun positions, Private First Class Collins courageously continued to craw forward in the face of intense hostile small-arms and machine-gun fire to the area designated for him by his section leader. After reaching his assigned position, he manned his machine gun alone and delivered accurate and devastating fire on the enemy until a corpsman was able to reach him and administer medical aid. By his unflinching courage, outstanding initiative and selfless devotion to duty, Private First Class Collins upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 342 (April 5, 1951)
Born: May 21, 1930 at Tulsa, Oklahoma
Home Town: Tulsa, Oklahoma

CONAWAY, LYLE F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lyle F. Conaway (606744), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman of Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 15 - 16 September 1951. When his unit was suddenly subjected to a fierce assault launched by a numerically superior hostile force from commanding ground under cover of darkness, Private First Class Conaway, along with another Marine, quickly volunteered to move forward to defend a heavy machine gun located on the extreme point of the northern flank. Courageously remaining in this exposed position in the face of the intense enemy barrage, he succeeded in delivering accurate and effective fire upon the attackers and, when the machine gun was rendered inoperative during the battle, raced from one fighting position to another, firing his weapon rapidly to simulate greater strength in the line until the machine gun was ready again for action. Although sustaining serious wounds, Private First Class Conaway steadfastly refused to be evacuated and continued his valiant stand against the enemy until he was too weak to fight any longer. By his indomitable spirit and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds, he contributed immeasurably to the repulse of the hostile force. His inspiring actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 21 (January 17, 1955)
Born: at Virginia, Minnesota
Home Town: Virginia, Minnesota

COUNSELMAN, JOHN D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John D. Counselman (0-49744), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commander of a Rifle Platoon in Company G, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 17 and 26 September 1950. Receiving a head wound immediately upon contact with an undetermined number of the enemy defending a well entrenched and skillfully camouflaged machine-gun position near Seoul, Second Lieutenant Counselman refused to be evacuated and unhesitatingly led his combat patrol in destroying nineteen and wounding three of the hostile troops. Frequently exposing himself to automatic weapons, rifle and grenade fire, he skillfully directed the fight, personally killing several of the enemy, and attended to his own painful wound only after the hostile emplacement had been neutralized. Wounded again on 26 September by hostile fire from a road block which obstructed the advance of his platoon in Seoul, he strategically deployed his men and spotted effective fire which demolished the enemy and the block. His able and cool leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and gallant devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Counselman and the United States Naval Services.
Authority: Board Serial 661 (July 14, 1951)
Born: at Campbell, Alabama
Home Town: Mobile, Alabama

CROSS, FRANK S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank S. Cross (1190407), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman of Company G, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 19 - 20 March 1953. Participating in the defense of a vital outpost during an attack by an estimated enemy company, Private First Class Cross remained in his sector of the trench line, which covered the main avenue of approach into the position, and delivered effective fire upon the onrushing enemy despite intense hostile small-arms, mortar and grenade fire. When his supply of ammunition was exhausted, the hostile troops forced their way into the trench line through his position. Although suffering from concussion, he fearlessly continued to engage the enemy in bitter hand-to-hand combat, delivering blows with the butt of his rifle until he was able to move to the side of a stricken Marine and secure a loaded weapon. Returning to his position, he killed several of the enemy and forced the remainder to withdraw as he pursued them with accurate small-arms fire. Ignoring his injury, he remained at his post until relieved the following night. By his indomitable fighting spirit, courageous initiative and personal valor, Private First Class Cross served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 497 (August 3, 1954)
Born: at Ilhavo, Portugal
Home Town: Turlock, California

DAIGNEAULT, DONALD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald A. Daigneault (1177703), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman in Company D, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 12 September 1951. When his squad, assigned the mission of covering the company's attack on an enemy-held hill, encountered an intricate net of anti-personnel mines and booby traps which inflicted seven casualties, Private First Class Daigneault immediately observed that the enemy were preparing to press their advantage by moving down the ridge to attack the helpless squad and, although suffering from multiple shrapnel wounds sustained in the minefield, advanced with his automatic rifle to meet the oncoming hostile troops. Crawling forward to an exposed position to draw the enemy's fire away from the other wounded, he put his gun into action and, with deadly accuracy, killed four of the attackers, wounded three more and forced the others to withdraw. Steadfastly refusing evacuation until the enemy had been effectively repulsed, he was responsible for saving the lives of his comrades and for the accomplishment of his unit's mission. His heroic initiative, selfless determination and valiant devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Daigneault and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 285 (April 12, 1952)
Born: at Freeport, New York
Home Town: Hempstead, New York

DAILEY, JOSEPH W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph W. Dailey (335540), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 25 February 1953. While participating in a company raid on an enemy outpost, Technical Sergeant Dailey unhesitatingly volunteered to lead a rescue squad in an attempt to recover four Marine casualties who wee discovered lying a few feet from a strongly fortified enemy-held trench. Moving quickly to his objective, he skillfully maneuvered his squad into a position from which he was able to rescue the casualties and, despite an intense hail of enemy machine-gun, grenade and automatic-weapons fire, carried out a further search of the surrounding terrain until he located and recovered two other wounded Marines. As an enemy force advanced toward his position, he skillfully withdrew his men and all the recovered casualties to friendly lines. By his exceptional courage, outstanding leadership and daring initiative in the face of continuous hostile fire, Technical Sergeant Dailey was directly instrumental in saving the lives of six wounded Marines and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1020 (December 1, 1953)
Born: February 17, 1917 at Mason City, Iowa
Home Town: Oakland, California

*DAVIS, JAMES CARROLL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Carroll Davis (276400), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company H, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade (Reinforced), Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, in action against enemy aggressor forces northeast of Chindong-ni, Korea, on 8 August 1950. Engaged in the Chindong-ni Area where Company H had overrun its objective and had hastily deployed for night defense, Staff Sergeant Davis with his platoon assumed a forward position for more effective defense against an enemy force entrenched only 75 yards distant. While repairing a defective hand grenade, he inadvertently dropped it in the midst of his fellow Marines. Without a moment's hesitation, he chose to sacrifice himself rather than endanger his companions and threw himself upon the live grenade, absorbing the full impact of the explosion and thereby saving the lives of at least five men in the immediate vicinity. By his loyalty, fortitude and courageous devotion to duty, Staff Sergeant Davis upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 166 (April 13, 1951)
Born: September 23, 1923 at Jasper County, Georgia
Home Town: Indianapolis, California

DEMAS, JOHN G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John G. Demas (0-45751), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company H, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea from 13 to 15 August 1952. Charged with the mission of defending a vitally important hill position, Captain Demas bravely led his company to the objective area under an intense enemy artillery and mortar barrage and in the face of persistent sniper fire. Although wounded early during the action, he repeatedly exposed himself to withering hostile mortar, small-arms and artillery fire to select the most advantageous defensive positions and continuously moved from one foxhole to another to direct the fire of his men, shouting words of encouragement to them above the din of battle. When the enemy launched a series of vicious assaults against the company under cover of darkness, he constantly assumed positions in the thick of the fighting and, throughout a three-day period of intensive action, inspired his men in repelling the attackers. Blown from his feet while engaged in close combat with hostile troops, and with his clothes torn by shrapnel fragments, he continued to direct and reassure his men when the position was in danger of being overrun by the enemy and, although exposed to intense hostile fire, personally administered aid to the wounded whenever corpsmen were unavailable. By his superb courage, outstanding leadership and valiant fighting spirit in the face of overwhelming odds, Captain Demas upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 348 (May 12, 1953)
Born: at Weirton, West Virginia
Home Town: Weirton, West Virginia

DIRST, LLOYD V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lloyd V. Dirst (0-30117), Chief Warrant Officer, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Officer in Charge of Military Police Company, Headquarters Battalion, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Pusong-ni, Korea, on 29 and 30 November 1950. Traveling with his company in a road convoy from Koto-ri to Hagaru-ri when a numerically superior hostile force attacked with intense automatic-weapons, small-arms and grenade fire, Chief Warrant Officer Dirst quickly and skillfully organized his unit into a cohesive defense and, integrating other friendly elements, deployed the group along the ditch beside the road. Braving heavy and accurate enemy fire from distances as close as ten yards, he boldly observed the movements of the assailants and was responsible for aborting their desperate attempts to close and destroy his line of resistance with hand grenades. Throughout the night, he courageously moved up and down the road to encourage the hastily organized men in gallantly defending their precarious location and in repulsing the repeated enemy attacks. A vigilant and courageous leader, he personally accounted for several enemy casualties and supervised his group in holding off the enemy for approximately 12 hours before he was seriously wounded by hostile shrapnel which prevented him from continuing in combat. His tactical skill, indomitable courage and steadfast devotion to duty served to inspire all who observed him and reflect the highest credit upon Chief Warrant Officer Dirst and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 213 (March 31, 1952)
Born: at Hiawatha, Kansas
Home Town: Sabetha, Kansas

DOEZEMA, RICHARD M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard M. Doezema (0-49805), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Artillery Forward Observer attached to the Eleventh Company, Third Battalion, First Korean Marine Corps Regiment in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the early morning of 24 April 1951. When the adjacent unit was overrun and his position threatened by the rapidly approaching enemy during a violent attack by a numerically superior hostile force, First Lieutenant Doezema fearlessly braved intense enemy fire to assist in assigning friendly troops to strategic positions from which they could effectively resist the violent onslaught. Moving constantly among his troops despite the continued assault, he shouted words of encouragement to his men and, personally taking over abandoned weapons, placed accurate fire on the assailants and called for supporting artillery barrages to drive back the attacking units. A courageous and aggressive leader throughout this fierce action, he succeeded in rallying the confused allied troops to defend the strategic ground for several hours until ordered to withdraw. By his indomitable courage and inspiring devotion to duty, First Lieutenant Doezema upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 170 (March 27, 1952)
Born: at Dunfries, Virginia
Home Town: Grand Rapids, Michigan

DUKES, MATTHEW D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Matthew D. Dukes (1153593), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Fire Team Leader in Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 14 September 1951. Moving forward with the point platoon when an enemy sniper temporarily pinned down advancing elements during an attack against a heavily fortified enemy deeply entrenched on commanding ground, Corporal Dukes boldly charged forward alone in pursuit of the sniper. Sustaining a bullet wound which deprived him of the use of his left eye, he gallantly continued on and, crawling across 40 yards of open fire-swept terrain launched a single-handed attack and destroyed the enemy with small-arms fire. Although bleeding profusely, he refused to seek aid and, remaining in the assault, drove forward with his unit until the objective had been seized and his platoon firmly established in defensive positions. Observing a fellow Marine lying wounded in an open area and under concerted hostile fire as he made his way toward the aid station, Corporal Dukes again exposed himself to the intense barrage in an effort to effect a rescue and, carefully lifting the helpless victim and placing him on his back, carried him to a covered position from which he could be evacuated. His fortitude, dauntless perseverance and great personal valor, maintained in the face of tremendous odds, served as an inspiration to all who observed him and reflect the highest credit upon corporal Dukes and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 546 (June 21, 1952)
Born: at Fort Sill, Oklahoma
Home Town: Marlow, Oklahoma

DUNAY, ANDREW F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Andrew F. Dunay (299872), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Section Leader, attached to the First Platoon, Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Hagaru-ri, Korea, on 6 and 7 December 1950. Immediately following a fierce hostile attack which carried the enemy into the company positions, Sergeant Dunay checked the post of each of his men and, finding one of his rocket launcher operators knocked down by the impact of a grenade, skillfully manned the weapon in order to maintain maximum fire power at this strategic point. Undeterred by the lack of protective emplacements, he plunged forward to a better firing position on higher ground in front of both lines and, standing fully exposed to intense hostile grenade and automatic weapons fire, effectively discharged his launcher at the enemy, killing at least twenty. Although suffering from painful facial burns received from the propellant of his weapon each time he fired in the sub-zero weather, he rushed to the defense of a machine gun which was in danger of being outflanked and overrun by the onrushing enemy and, when his rocket launcher failed to operate, employed rockets as hand grenades, thereby repulsing the aggressive and determined hostile assault. By his daring initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and inspiring devotion to duty during a serious crisis, Sergeant Dunay contributed materially to the defense of one of the main approaches to Hagaru-ri, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 658 (July 14, 1951)
Born: at Holyoke, Massachusetts
Home Town: Russellville, Massachusetts

E - L

*EHRLICH, LELAND ERNEST
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leland Ernest Ehrlich (576704), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while attached to Service Battery, Third Battalion, Eleventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 7 December 1950. Proceeding with the forward platoon of an Infantry Battalion in darkness when a burning building illuminated the area and the enemy suddenly attacked with machine-gun fire from a strong roadblock, pinning down the advance elements and preventing them from delivering effective counterfire, Sergeant Ehrlich, deployed with his squad next to the supporting tank which had stalled on the bridge and was under blistering automatic weapons fire, voluntarily left his position of comparative safety and dashed alone toward the emplacement. Firing his rifle as he ran and drawing the enemy's fire to himself, he charged the machine-gun nest single-handedly, disrupting the attack and enabling his platoon to outflank and destroy the stronghold. Although mortally wounded during the furious action, Sergeant Ehrlich, by his gallant fighting spirit, fortitude and valiant efforts in the face of almost certain death, contributed to the saving of many lives and to the successful advance of his Regiment past this critical point. His inspiring devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1115 (November 5, 1951)
Born: January 24, 1928 at Dousman, Wisconsin
Home Town: Dousman, Wisconsin

*ELLIOTT, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert J. Elliott (591341), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 26 January 1951. Responding to a cry for help from a wounded comrade lying in an exposed position under a vicious hail of enemy fire, Private First Class Elliott courageously rushed across the fire-swept ground and, throwing himself upon the wounded man, used his own body as a shield until the hostile barrage had abated. Realizing the danger of remaining in the open area, he picked up the casualty and proceeded to carry him back to cover, gallantly continuing although enemy fire immediately increased in ferocity. Almost within reach of a protected position, he fell, and although mortally wounded, rolled his helpless companion to a position of defilade from which he was subsequently pulled to safety. By his daring initiative, valiant determination and selfless devotion to duty in the face of insurmountable odds, Private First Class Elliott served as an inspiration to all who observed him and thereby upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial: 175 (March 27, 1952)
Born: January 16, 1929 at Floydada, Texas
Home Town: Plainview, Texas

*ELMORE, GEORGE WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George William Elmore (649315), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman in Company G, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 26 February 1951. Braving intense hostile automatic-weapons and hand grenade fire which wounded several members of his squad while spearheading a platoon combat patrol, Private First Class Elmore moved to a more strategic position from which he delivered accurate rifle fire in order to furnish cover for the evacuation of casualties. Despite the personal risk involved in waging a lone fight from an unprotected location, he succeeded in effectively reducing the hostile fire and continued to engage the enemy until he received serious wounds which subsequently proved fatal. His courageous initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and unselfish devotion to duty were contributing factors in the successful removal of the wounded and in saving the lives of many of his comrades, thereby reflecting the highest credit upon Private First Class Elmore and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 7 (January 12, 1952)
Born: August 7, 1930 at Plasterco, Virginia
Home Town: Plasterco, Virginia

*ELWELL, JOHN ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Robert Elwell (1221994), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 3 February 1953. With his unit subjected to intense enemy small-arms and mortar fire during an assault against a heavily fortified hostile position, Private First Class Elwell fearlessly exposed himself to the devastating barrage to encourage his men and direct their fire. When the unit advanced to within a few yards of the enemy trenches and was pinned down by a hail of small-arms and grenade fire from a nearby bunker, he single-handedly charged the emplacement and, firing his carbine and throwing grenades, completely routed the enemy from the bunker. While leading his fire team into the hostile trenches, he was struck by fragments from an enemy mortar shell and mortally wounded. By his exceptional courage, outstanding leadership and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of great odds, Private First Class Elwell served to inspire all who observed him and enhanced the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 957 (October 30, 1953)
Born: March 17, 1928 at Cunard, West Virginia
Home Town: Fayetteville, West Virginia

ESTEY, RALPH F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph F. Estey (0-34328), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company F, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 27 - 28 March 1953. Assigned the difficult and extremely hazardous mission of counterattacking and reoccupying a vital enemy-held combat outpost far in advance of the main line of resistance, Captain Estey fearlessly led his company over unfamiliar terrain through a murderous barrage of enemy mortar and artillery fire to the line of departure. Although the deadly hail of fire pinned down the unit and continued to sweep the area throughout the assault, he repeatedly exposed himself to the devastating barrage to rally and direct his company, providing a stirring example of leadership and coolness under fire which inspired his men to heroic endeavor in maintaining the tactical integrity of the unit. Despite severe casualties, he gallantly led his men in six determined assaults on the objective in the face of a vastly outnumbering enemy force before securing and consolidating the greater part of the objective. With his gallant garrison of Marines reduced to forty-three men, he ordered preparatory fire on the remaining enemy-held portion of the outpost and made arrangements to advance and gain the entire area. Upon arrival of relief forces, he immediately directed the withdrawal of his casualty-ridden unit and remained to assist the relieving commander and acquaint him with the existing situation before leaving the area. By his aggressive fighting spirit, courageous leadership and resolute determination in the face of overwhelming odds, Captain Estey served to inspire all who observed him and was instrumental in the final and successful accomplishment of the mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 959 (November 6, 1953)
Born: at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Somerville, Massachusetts

FAUSER, DAVID K
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David K Fauser (0-53814), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 3 February 1953. With his unit assigned a supporting and evacuation mission during a raid against two strongly fortified enemy hill positions, First Lieutenant Fauser advanced closely behind the assault unit in the face of intense enemy mortar and small-arms fire and, although severely wounded by shrapnel during the action, refused aid or evacuation and continued in the attack, rallying his men and directing their fire. Observing that the forward elements were pinned down by grazing hostile machine-gun fire from an enemy bunker, he quickly organized and led an enveloping force in a daring maneuver to destroy the emplacement. Skillfully employing grenades, a rocket launcher team and demolitions, he succeeded in neutralizing the bunker, thereby permitting the attacking force to proceed in the assault. Although painfully wounded a second time by enemy fire while directing a flame-thrower team, he again refused medical treatment or evacuation and, continuing in the attack, personally killed three of the enemy with his pistol. When the order to disengage was received, he organized the remaining forces, directed an orderly withdrawal off the hill and, although wounded a third time while supervising the evacuation of casualties under heavy enemy artillery fire, gallantly elected to remain at his position until all his men were accounted for. By his great personal valor, exceptional leadership and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of heavy odds, First Lieutenant Fauser served to inspire all who observed him and enhanced the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 956 (November 6, 1953)
Born: at Rochester, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Ambridge, Pennsylvania

FENWICK, JOHN L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John L. Fenwick, Jr. (1115112), Sergeant [then Corporal], U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a temporary Squad Leader in Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the H'wachon Reservoir Area of Korea during the latter part of April 1951. With his platoon critically short of ammunition while pinned down by a heavy concentration of hostile automatic weapons fire during an assault on an enemy hill position, Sergeant Fenwick twice exposed himself to the intense fire by moving out on the forward slope of the hill and returning with two fallen comrades, one of whom had already succumbed to his wounds. During his second trip to the open area, he hurled hand grenades at an enemy position which had been the point of greatest resistance, and succeeded in knocking it out. He then gathered together the rifles and ammunition of the two victims and returned to his platoon, enabling his unit to gain the advantage in fire power and to ultimately secure the objective. By his indomitable fighting spirit and selfless efforts in behalf of others, Sergeant Fenwick upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1008 (December 1, 1960)
Born: October 20, 1929 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

FISHER, JOSEPH R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph R. Fisher (0-45857), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces at Hagaru-ri, Korea, on 28 - 29 November 1950. With his company position under heavy attack by a numerically superior and fanatical enemy force estimated at more than regimental strength, First Lieutenant Fisher repeatedly exposed himself to a terrific hail of shattering hostile machine-gun, grenade, mortar, artillery and small- arms fire in order to move along the full length of his lines and re-deploy his men. Throughout the fierce eight-hour onslaught carried out at near-zero temperatures by wave upon wave of enemy troops operating under cover of darkness and a heavy snowfall, he continued to direct his troops in repulsing assault after assault, lending them words of encouragement and personally spotting accurate mortar fire upon hostile positions. By his superb leadership and cool courage in the face of overwhelming odds, First Lieutenant Fisher served to inspire his gallant men to heroic efforts in repulsing several vicious onslaughts by a resolute enemy, thus insuring the defense of a large segment of a perimeter vital to the welfare of the entire corps at that time. His valiant fighting spirit and selfless devotion to duty throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 633 (July 24, 1951)
Born: at Allston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Westwood, Massachusetts

*FITZPATRICK, GEORGE FRANCIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Francis Fitzpatrick (1278471), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman of Company D, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 31 January 1953. When the unit was pinned down by withering fire from an enemy machine gun in a well-constructed bunker during a platoon-sized raid on a heavily fortified enemy hill position, Private First Class Fitzpatrick single-handedly moved forward through the murderous fire to silence the enemy weapon. Although severely wounded, he gallantly continued to advance and, firing his rifle with deadly accuracy, succeeded in diverting the enemy fire from his comrades and in enabling a flame thrower to move forward and destroy the bunker. Subsequently succumbing to his wounds, Private First Class Fitzpatrick, by his exceptional fortitude, indomitable fighting spirit and resolute determination in the face of heavy odds, inspired his comrades to sweep on, overrun and secure the objective. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1082 (December 14, 1953)
Born: February 22, 1934 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*FOSTER, CHARLIE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charlie Foster (881584), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant in Company H, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 6 November 1950. Spearheading his platoon's assault against a numerically superior enemy, heavily reinforced with machine guns and occupying well-concealed positions on the crest of a ridge, Sergeant Foster pressed his attack with aggressive determination, inspiring his men to follow and fight their way through a vicious hail of hostile fire until they had reached the ridge-top. Then, reorganizing the unit for a final assault against the fanatical enemy, he took the lead and successfully launched a fierce onslaught, moving confidently through the terrific volume of small-arms, mortar, machine-gun and grenade fire hurled by the desperate hostile force, maneuvering his men over the jagged terrain, and neutralizing the enemy machine guns which had delayed the friendly advance. Finally, with the accomplishment of his objective in view, and an enemy rout virtually assured, Sergeant Foster fell mortally wounded. His superb courage, determined leadership and valiant fighting spirit in the face of overwhelming odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1132 (November 1, 1951)
Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee

*FRISTOCK, EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Fristock (278367), Master Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Gunnery Sergeant of Company D, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Waryong-ni, Korea, on 7 June 1951. When a hail of enemy automatic-weapons fire resulted in the separation of two squads from their platoon during a vigorous company assault against fiercely defended hostile positions, Master Sergeant Fristock efficiently reorganized the two units and boldly led them up the hill while the enemy continued to sweep the area with deadly rifle, machine-gun and grenade fire from well-camouflaged bunkers. Risking the danger from bursting grenades and shellfire, he fearlessly directed a vigorous attack on the hostile emplacements, shouting words of encouragement and pointing out spots of cover to his men. Spearheading the assault as he neared the top of the enemy ridge, he was hit by hostile fire and fell mortally wounded. His intrepidity, courageous leadership and indomitable fighting spirit inspired the remaining men to sweep through the hostile positions and completely rout the enemy, thereby reflecting the highest credit upon Master Sergeant Fristock and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 176 (March 31, 1952)
Born: September 12, 1921 at Oglesby, Illinois
Home Town: Oglesby, Illinois

GALLAGHER, JAMES P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James P. Gallagher (612263), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine Gunner in Company E, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 27 and 28 November 1950. Although painfully wounded during the initial assault when his company was attacked at night by a fanatical and numerically superior hostile force estimated at two battalions and employing mortars, grenades and small arms, Private Gallagher refusing treatment resolutely remained at his gun, firing continually into the face of the enemy and thrusting them back with hand grenades when they threatened to overrun his position. Later in the attack, when his section leader was seriously wounded, he unhesitatingly assumed command, moving from one position to another in the sub-zero weather under vicious hostile fire, reorganizing the men and shouting words of encouragement. Possessing a comprehensive knowledge of machine-gun tactics, he skillfully directed the fire to best advantage and was directly instrumental in repelling the attack and in inflicting approximately one hundred casualties on the enemy. By his superb courage, determined leadership and valiant fighting spirit in the face of overwhelming odds, Private Gallagher served to inspire others to heroic efforts in defense of their positions, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1055 (October 15, 1951)
Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

*GAUL, WILLIAM MARSHALL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Marshall Gaul (612471), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant in Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 13 and 14 September 1951. Leading his platoon in point position during a tortuous drive by his company against a fanatically defended, enemy-held key position on commanding ground, Sergeant Gaul succeeded in gaining the base of the objective hill with his own unit intact after inflicting heavy casualties among the aggressors. Repeatedly exposing himself to intense, coordinated fire from small arms, automatic weapons, mortars and artillery, he spearheaded the assault up approximately 800 yards of steep, jagged terrain, encouraging and directing his men and inspiring them to push on despite the overwhelming odds. With his units pinned down under a stream of fire emanating from a strategically located and seemingly impregnable bunker during a bitter night encounter, Sergeant Gaul personally charged and destroyed the emplacement with hand grenades, killing two of the attackers, incapacitating six more and enabling his men to surge onward. Responding at once when an adjacent platoon was in need of supporting fires, he skillfully maneuvered one of his own light machine guns to a strategic location for delivering devastating fire to secure the position and assure the platoon's advance. Consistently maintaining superb control to assure maximum fire power and, at the same time, provide the best possible cover and concealment for each individual, he pressed on in his unfaltering determination to overrun and destroy the aggressors and, after the objective had been seized, hastily positioned him men in a defensive perimeter and continued to direct their efforts in driving off each succeeding counterattack launched by the enemy. Mortally wounded when he moved from cover to direct his men in repulsing a counterattack and mortar barrage the following night, Sergeant Gaul, by his great personal valor, fortitude and brilliant leadership, had contributed immeasurably to the accomplishment of a vital mission with tremendous losses to the enemy, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 578 (June 26, 1952)
Born: April 18, 1926 at Norristown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Mignon, Pennsylvania

*GEORGE, WALTER WILFRED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Walter Wilfred George (1090672), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman with Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Yudam-ni, Korea, the night of 2 December 1950. With his platoon unable to dig in on the frozen, snow-covered ridge and under vicious attack by a hostile force of battalion strength deeply entrenched on commanding ground, Private First Class George manned his gun with skill and courage in the darkness, delivering accurate and effective fire against the fanatic attackers at close range until his gun was put out of action. Seizing his ammunition, he dashed forward under intense small-arms and automatic weapons fire to deliver it to another automatic rifleman and, remaining exposed, continued reloading magazines with his bare hands in the sub-zero temperatures. Again risking his life when a member of his squad was struck down by enemy fire in front of his position, he proceeded under blistering shellfire to the wounded man's aid and, after evacuating him to a comparatively safe area, returned to the line with more ammunition for the rifleman. Wounded in the chest shortly thereafter, he refused to be evacuated and, although suffering intense pain, remained at his position until he lost consciousness and died. By his bold initiative, great personal valor and gallant fighting spirit, Private First Class George served to inspire others in his company to heroic efforts in holding a vitally strategic objective, and his self-sacrificing conduct throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 966 (October 8, 1951)
Born: September 15, 1931 at Colton, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

GILLIGAN, DONALD W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald W. Gilligan (649483), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Assistant Gunner in a Heavy Machine Gun Squad attached to Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 27 October 1950. When intense hostile small-arms and grenade fire caused the death of his squad leader and wounded three squad members including himself, Private First Class Gilligan voluntarily assumed command and, despite severe pain and loss of blood, efficiently reorganized and redeployed the squad. Placing the machine gun in a more advantageous position, he directed accurate and effective fire and succeeded in repelling the vigorous enemy attack. After obtaining medical treatment for the wounded, he assisted in moving two of the casualties to the rear and, refusing evacuation for himself, returned to his post where he continued to direct and control the fire and movements of his squad throughout the remainder of the night. By his gallant and aggressive leadership throughout this critical period, he contributed materially to the successful repulse of repeated enemy assaults. His courageous initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Gilligan and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 691 (July 11, 1951)
Born: at Dubuque, Iowa
Home Town: Dubuque, Iowa

GIOVANNUCCI, JOSEPH L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph L. Giovannucci (1168343), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Assistant Machine Gunner in Company H, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 11 September 1951. Although painfully wounded in the right hand during a company attack against heavily entrenched and well-concealed hostile positions, Private First Class Giovannucci bravely refused to accept treatment and continued to aid in delivering devastating fire against the enemy in the face of intense hostile mortar, automatic-weapons and small-arms fire. Realizing that every man was vitally needed, he boldly remained in position for over four hours and again refused to leave his post when seriously wounded a second time in both legs and feet by an enemy hand grenade. Despite severe pain and loss of blood, he continued to assist in firing his gun until ordered to be evacuated and, by his aggressive fighting spirit and fortitude, served to inspire all who observed him. His outstanding courage, daring initiative and steadfast devotion to duty were contributing factors in the success of his company and reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Giovannucci and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 283 (April 12, 1952)
Born: at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio

*GIVOT, MARTIN LIONEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Martin Lionel Givot (0-53837), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 26 and 27 October 1952. When the position to the right of his platoon on the main line of resistance was subjected to a vicious assault and overrun by the enemy, Second Lieutenant Givot organized the right flank of his unit and successfully resisted a hostile flanking attack. Receiving word that two wounded Marines were in proximity to the enemy strong point, he personally led a bold attack against the position and, although painfully wounded himself, completed the mission of evacuating the wounded. On the following morning, joining with elements of another company, Second Lieutenant Givot personally led the assault up a hill to counterattack and recapture the enemy-held position. After successfully routing the hostile forces and securing the hill, he immediately reorganized his unit and established a defense. Mortally wounded while fulfilling this vital assignment, Second Lieutenant Givot, by his outstanding valor, superb leadership and self-sacrificing devotion to duty, served to inspire all who observed him, and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 598 (July 17, 1953)
Born: July 8, 1929 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

GREEN, RODNEY J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rodney J. Green (1198315), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine Gun Squad Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 4 - 5 September 1952. When his squad was subjected to an intense hostile mortar and artillery barrage followed by an infantry attack by a numerically superior enemy force while defending a hill sector of the main line of resistance, Private First Class Green, although painfully wounded in the hand, delivered effective counterfire on the attackers with his machine gun. Observing several wounded men in front of his position, he assigned his weapon to the assistant gunner and moved forward through hostile fire to render aid to the wounded. Returning to his position and finding two other machine-gun positions overrun by the enemy, he picked up the light machine gun and fired it with deadly accuracy to retake both positions single-handedly. After reorganizing the remaining men, he held the positions by instructing a rifleman in the firing of one of the machine guns while he manned the other, despite a second wound from a hostile mortar fragment. Wounded for a third time while replenishing the exhausted supply of ammunition, he refused the use of a stretcher, walked to the evacuation point for medical aid and returned to his post on the flank to check his men and positions before allowing himself to be evacuated. By his outstanding courage, indomitable fighting spirit and resolute determination, Private First Class Green served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 682 (August 4, 1953)
Born: at Scanlon, Minnesota
Home Town: Scanlon, Minnesota

*GUILD, JOHN NINIAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Ninian Guild (0-49817), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader in Company C, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces during the assault and capture of Hill 85 near Yongdungp'o, Korea, on 20 September 1950. Leading his platoon in an aggressive attack up a steep slope without cover against well-entrenched enemy positions on high ground, Second Lieutenant Guild coolly directed the deployment of his men and, exposing himself to hostile grenades and machine-gun, rifle and mortar fire, succeeded in personally destroying two of the enemy. Pressing onward at the head of his group in the face of the continued intense hostile barrage, he was fatally wounded but refused medical attention until all his men had been cared for and, despite his own critical condition, continued to direct the attack until he lost consciousness. An officer of outstanding courage and leadership, Second Lieutenant Guild, by his indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 358 (April 9, 1951)
Born: May 19, 1925 at Fort Banks, Mississippi
Home Town: Glenwood Springs, Colorado

*GZIK, RICHARD STANLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard Stanley Gzik (1114026), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman with a Provisional Rifle Platoon of Battery M, Fourth Battalion, Eleventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 2 December 1950. When a hostile attack developed while he held a key defensive position to cover possible avenues of approach with his automatic rifle, Private First Class Gzik took full advantage of his excellent observation and field of fire and delivered accurate and effective fire upon the advancing enemy troops, killing or wounding many of them and completely breaking up the hostile attack. Although the enemy, now aware of his position, concentrated its strength in his direction in an effort to silence his deadly fire and neutralize his position, he courageously remained at his post and delivered a steady and deliberate hail of bullets into enemy positions, destroying a hostile machine gun and its surrounding crew. During this action, he was mortally wounded by hostile hand grenade fragments. By his outstanding fortitude, daring initiative and steadfast devotion to duty, Private First Class Gzik contributed directly to the repulse of an enemy attack, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 637 (July 7, 1951)
Born: September 28, 1931 at Toledo, Ohio
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio

HAMBY, JOHN H. C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John H. C. Hamby (1059901), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader in Company G, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Yudam-ni, Korea, on 27 November 1950. Undeterred by intense hand-grenade, machine-gun and small-arms fire from a numerically superior enemy force estimated at battalion strength, Sergeant Hamby voluntarily left a covered position and proceeded unaccompanied beyond friendly front lines toward an enemy machine gun which had been impeding the progress of his unit. Placing his grenade and rifle fire with deadly accuracy, he advanced alone on the hostile gun emplacement, reached and overran the enemy position, knocked out the machine gun and captured two prisoners in the process. Although painfully wounded in the shoulder, he steadfastly refused to be evacuated and continued the attack while the objective was being secured and reorganization completed, remaining with his unit until intense pain and loss of blood forced his evacuation from the lines. By his superb courage, indomitable fighting spirit and staunch devotion to duty in the face of grave personal risk, Sergeant Hamby contributed materially to the success of the assault, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 969 (September 27, 1951)
Born: at Spokane, Washington
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii

*HARRIS, WELDON DARWOOD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Weldon Darwood Harris (658852), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Fire Team Leader in Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Seoul, Korea, on 23 and 24 September 1950. On 23 September after leading his fire team to the crest of a strongly defended hill, Corporal Harris was painfully wounded by hostile grenade fragments and, refusing to be evacuated, continued to lead the attack against well-defended enemy positions until the ammunition supply was exhausted and he had to withdraw his squad. Remaining overnight with his men, he reorganized his group the next day, and, while leading a bold assault in the face of intense hostile fire, was again wounded. Although suffering from loss of blood and severe pain, he resolutely directed a vigorous attack despite heavy opposition from numerically superior troops. Fatally wounded during this action, Corporal Harris, by his indomitable fighting spirit, courageous leadership and unwavering devotion to duty, contributed to the successful completion of his company's mission, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 355 (April 9, 1951)
Born: January 8, 1931 at Corsicana, Texas
Home Town: Dallas, Texas

*HARRIS, WILLIAM FREDERICK (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Frederick Harris (0-5917), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of the Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea the early morning of 7 December 1950. Directing his Battalion in affording flank protection for the regimental vehicle train and the first echelon of the division trains proceeding from Hagaru-ri to Koto-ri, Lieutenant Colonel Harris, despite numerous casualties suffered in the bitterly fought advance, promptly went into action when a vastly outnumbering, deeply entrenched hostile force suddenly attacked at point-blank range from commanding ground during the hours of darkness. With his column disposed on open, frozen terrain and in danger of being cut off from the convoy as the enemy laid down enfilade fire from a strong roadblock, he organized a group of men and personally led them in a bold attack to neutralize the position with heavy losses to the enemy, thereby enabling the convoy to move through the blockade. Consistently exposing himself to devastating hostile grenade, rifle and automatic weapons fire throughout repeated determined attempts by the enemy to break through, Lieutenant Colonel Harris fought gallantly with his men, offering words of encouragement and directing their heroic efforts in driving off the fanatic attackers. Stout-hearted and indomitable despite tremendous losses in dead and wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Harris, by his inspiring leadership, daring combat tactics and valiant devotion to duty, contributed to the successful accomplishment of a vital mission and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1089 (October 17, 1951)
Born: March 6, 1918 at Lexington, Kentucky
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

*HARRISON, ROY ERNEST
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Roy Ernest Harrison (1074601), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine Gunner in Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Inje, Korea, on 11 June 1951. When a numerically superior enemy force launched a vicious attack against his platoon's strategic position commanding a ford in the Soyang River, Private First Class Harrison courageously remained at his post in the face of intense hostile fire to deliver heavy and accurate machine-gun fire on the attacking enemy and, by his gallant action, successfully broke up the hostile assault. When the hostile troops regrouped and launched a second attack directly at his gun position, he steadfastly continued to fire into their ranks and, although all the other members of his crew became casualties during the assault, aggressively persisted in his efforts to stop the onrushing troops. Even after the attackers reached and passed his position, he swung his gun around a poured damaging fire into their rear elements thereby succeeding a second time in disrupting the assault before he fell, mortally wounded by an enemy hand grenade. By his indomitable fighting spirit, unflagging determination and valiant devotion to duty in the face of insurmountable odds, Private First Class Harrison contributed immeasurably to the success of his platoon in preventing the enemy from gaining command of the important river crossing and thereby upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 171 (March 22, 1952)
Born: February 10, 1931 at Sissonville, West Virginia
Home Town: Sissonville, West Virginia

*HARVEY, AMON FRANK, JR. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Amon Frank Harvey, Jr. (659204), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman in a Provisional Infantry Platoon attached to Company I, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces south of Yudam-ni, Korea, on the night of 2 December 1950. When a numerically superior hostile force suddenly attacked with intense and accurate small-arms and machine-gun fire which inflicted heavy casualties in his platoon, Private First Class Harvey efficiently reorganized the remaining members of his group and skillfully led them in repulsing the enemy assault. Fearlessly manning the foremost position during the ensuing critical fight for commanding ground, he spearheaded two separate attacks which routed infiltrating hostile troops from the platoon positions and, although wounded in the arm, boldly continued to deliver effective fire himself while directing the accurate fire of his men. Undaunted by his inability to move from his exposed location after being severely wounded in both arms and legs during a third assault, he urged his group to carry on the fight, shouting words of encouragement until rendered unconscious by a serious head wound inflicted by hostile small-arms fire. His quick initiative, cool courageous leadership and indomitable devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming enemy opposition reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Harvey and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 626 (July 7, 1951)
Born: April 5, 1931 at Wortham, Texas
Home Town: Farmersville, Louisiana

HENDRICKSON, ROBERT C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert C. Hendrickson (0-41226), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company G, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 12 September 1951. Assigned the mission of attacking and seizing a heavily fortified hill position defended by a determined and well-armed enemy force estimated at battalion strength, Captain Hendrickson, although suffering from serious wounds received during a previous action, gallantly led his troops up the steep slope of the hill mass constituting the key hostile position. Despite an intense barrage of enemy small-arms, mortar and artillery fire, he skillfully maneuvered his platoons, launched a vigorous well-coordinated attack which neutralized successive entrenchments and then led his men in the final assault which secured the objective. His courageous leadership, professional and tactical skill and inspiring devotion to the fulfillment of a vital assignment were contributing factors in the success achieved by his battalion and reflect the highest credit upon Captain Hendrickson and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 286 (April 12, 1952
Born: at Berwyn, Illinois
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

HENSLEY, HOWARD C., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard C. Hensley, Jr. (1175736), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader of Company G, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 13 January 1953. Participating in a platoon-sized raid on a strongly defended enemy hill position far forward of the main line of resistance, Sergeant Hensley fearlessly led his squad under cover of darkness through intense hostile small-arms and grenade fire and, despite the heavy casualties sustained by his unit, effectively employed his weapons to pin down the enemy and allow his men to reach the objective. Subsequently, he quickly positioned his men at vantage points to cut off enemy reinforcements and proceeded to annihilate the entrenched hostile force. Observing that the platoon commander was wounded, he unhesitatingly moved under enemy fire to the side of the stricken officer and called a corpsman forward. Then, when the Platoon Sergeant also became a casualty, he immediately assumed command despite his own painful wounds and directed his men in completing the destruction of the hostile position. After skillfully deploying his depleted platoon to cover the evacuation of casualties, which numbered over half of the assaulting force, he courageously searched the enemy position to insure that all casualties were accounted for and removed to a safe area. Throughout the withdrawal, he maintained direct supervision of the rear guard that that was covering the evacuation and engaged the enemy in sporadic fire fights for approximately three hours until all casualties were evacuated to the main lines. By his indomitable fighting spirit, exceptional fortitude and valiant leadership, Sergeant Hensley served to inspire all who observed him and contributed in large measure to the success of his squad in completing its mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1103 (December 18, 1953)
Born: at Brandinsville, Illinois
Home Town: Macob, Illinois

HERNDON, WILBUR N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur N. Herndon (0-45370), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Executive Officer of Battery H, Third Battalion, Eleventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 7 December 1950. With the Division train halted by a strong road-block and his battery brought under heavy enemy mortar, grenade, automatic weapons and small-arms fire during an early morning attack, First Lieutenant Herndon promptly organized a firing line consisting of truck drivers and other non- artillery personnel along the road and, integrating them with his own battery, set up his guns between the vehicles in convoy while repeatedly exposed to the intense hostile barrage. Calmly moving up and down the line, he expertly supervised truck displacements and the supplying of ammunition for artillery pieces and machine guns; guided moving howitzers into position; pointed out targets of opportunity, often at distances of forty yards, and directed accurate and effective fire against the onrushing attackers. Painfully wounded in the right hand by shrapnel during the action, he staunchly refused medical treatment and continued to move from gun to gun, shouting words of encouragement to his men and inspiring them to heroic efforts in killing approximately five hundred hostile troops during the furious encounter in contrast to three killed and thirty-four wounded among his own units. His superb combat tactics, brilliant leadership and great personal valor in the face of grave peril were essential factors in saving the convoy from almost certain capture, and contributed to the success of the FIRST Marine Division in reaching its objective. His fortitude and courageous devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Herndon and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1188 (November 9, 1951)
Born: at Tennessee Home Town: Appleton, Wisconsin

*HIGHTOWER, ERNEST JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ernest James Hightower (585091), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Fire Team Leader in Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the early morning of 1 June 1951. Quick to act when his platoon was pinned down by blistering fire emanating from a heavy enemy machine gun during an assault against a hostile force of approximately battalion strength disposed in heavily fortified, well- camouflaged positions on a steep ridgeline, Private First Class Hightower voluntarily left his position and crawled directly through the hostile weapon's fire lane, boldly advancing up the incline to within five yards of the bunker. Hurling a fragmentation grenade into the emplacement with deadly accuracy, he killed the gunner and then charged the position and, when the assistant gunner attempted to swing the weapon in his direction, promptly trained his rifle and fired at point-blank range, killing him instantly and seizing his gun. Manning the weapon himself, he turned it around and temporarily pinned down a second hostile light machine gun firing on friendly troops below, continuing his effective fire until a stoppage developed and put the captured gun out of action. Immediately rejoining his unit, he moved further up the ridge in a valiant attempt to wipe out the position and while engaged in a vicious bayonet charge, was fatally wounded by enemy automatic-rife fire. By his daring and forceful leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds, Private First Class Hightower contributed immeasurably to the success of the determined assault, and his stouthearted devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 229 (April 3, 1952)
Born: October 6, 1926 at Plainview, Washington
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

HILLIARD, FREDERICK E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick E. Hilliard (0-56013), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company G, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 16 December 1952. In preparation for a raid against a strongly defended enemy hill position, Second Lieutenant Hilliard fearlessly led two reconnaissance patrols into the hostile area and succeeded in gaining vital information which aided in the successful accomplishment of his mission. During the subsequent assault, he led his platoon under cover of overhead tank and machine-gun fire to a point approximately fifty yards downhill from the enemy trenches. Although painfully wounded when the leading elements were showered by a murderous hail of hand grenades after the friendly supporting fire was lifted, he called in heavy caliber tank fire within yards of his position and, despite intense hostile fire, gallantly spearheaded the assault o the edge of the enemy trenches where he skillfully directed his men in delivering devastating flame-thrower, grenade and small-arms fire. Seriously wounded a second time and unable to walk when struck down by grenade fragments, Second Lieutenant Hilliard steadfastly continued to direct the fire of his unit, accounting for eighteen enemy dead before he ordered his men to break contact. Although suffering intense pain, he supervised the removal of his wounded men and refused evacuation until assured that all casualties were removed to safe positions. By his valiant leadership, exceptional fortitude and courageous initiative, Second Lieutenant Hilliard served to inspire all who observed him and contributed in large measure to the success of the mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 977 (November 9, 1953)
Born: at Englewood, New Jersey
Home Town: Newton, New Jersey

HOLLADAY, MORSE L
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Morse L Holladay (0-9646), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Headquarters Company, First Service Battalion, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Hagaru-ri, Korea, on 29 and 30 November 1950. When a numerically superior enemy force launched a concentrated attack on his sector, Captain Holladay, as second-in-command of the defense perimeter, repeatedly exposed himself to intense hostile fire to direct and encourage his group in maintaining a strong perimeter defense. Immediately assuming charge of a sub-sector when its commander was seriously wounded, he reorganized and redeployed the men and, by skillfully directing their effective fire, succeeded in repelling the hostile attack. Aware that ammunition was being rapidly depleted during attempts to stop repeated enemy assaults, he led a personally organized group of volunteers on several trips through heavy, close-range hostile fire to obtain sufficient ammunition to replenish the critically low supply, thereby contributing materially to the successful repulse of all enemy attacks and to the continued defense of the perimeter. His gallant leadership, tactical ability and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Captain Holladay and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 690 (July 11, 1951)
Born: at Pima, Arizona
Home Town: Tucson, Arizona

HOLMBERG, WILLIAM C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William C. Holmberg (0-51944), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifle Platoon Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 13 June 1952. Assigned the mission of attacking a strong enemy position far forward of the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Holmberg courageously and skillfully led his platoon deep into the heavily defended and well-patrolled hostile territory and, upon making direct contact with enemy troops, engaged them in a fierce hand-to-hand battle while under an intense concentration of hostile mortar, machine-gun and small-arms fire. Although severely wounded during the engagement, he refused to be evacuated and, while receiving first aid, continued to issue orders and to direct the offensive operations of his unit. By his outstanding valor, inspiring leadership and selfless devotion to duty, Second Lieutenant Holmberg was greatly responsible for the success achieved by his platoon in capturing a prisoner of war and annihilating one hundred and two of the enemy, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 237 (April 1, 1953)
Born: at Sumas, Washington
Home Town: Hoquaim, Washington

HOLT, WILLIAM P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William P. Holt (1082807), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine Gunner in an Anti-Tank Company of the First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the town of Sudong-ni, Korea, on the night of 10 December 1950. Observing that the foremost elements of the regimental motor convoy were pinned down by intense hostile fire following a highly organized enemy ambush, Private First Class Holt advanced unaccompanied to the head of the column in the face of hostile small-arms, machine-gun and mortar fire from well-entrenched enemy emplacements. Skillfully manning his light machine gun from an advantageous position, he furnished cover for the deployment of the beleaguered convoy troops and, undeterred by the lack of protection, inflicted severe damage and destruction on the enemy. When heavy supporting weapons delivered a barrage of accurate shellfire on hostile position, he fired adroitly on the enemy, killing several as they fled from their bombarded locations. Courageously remaining at his post throughout the night, he continued to direct effective fire until his machine gun became inoperative, and then, moving forward, fired his carbine into hostile lines and at targets of opportunity until ordered to withdraw. His quick initiative, skilled marksmanship and indomitable fighting spirit reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Holt and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 625 (July 5, 1951)
Born: at Nashville, Tennessee
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

HOPKINS, JOHN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John L. Hopkins (0-7421), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 2 June 1951. Assigned the extremely difficult mission of seizing Hill 611, a heavily fortified and bitterly defended hostile position commanding a vital enemy lateral supply route, Lieutenant Colonel Hopkins skillfully directed and coordinated the attack, fearlessly moving in close proximity to the assaulting elements and, although his forward units were subjected to intense hostile mortar, artillery, automatic-weapons and small-arms fire, courageously advanced to a fire-swept observation post where he remained throughout the day-long engagement. Despite the strength of the enemy's defense which consisted of cleverly placed land mines and mutually supporting log and earth bunkers, he expertly controlled the battalion's action, utilizing supporting arms to maximum advantage, skillfully directing the movements of his assault companies and exercising his vast tactical knowledge in decisions regarding the commitment of his reserves. By his coolness and outstanding professional ability, he was responsible for the success of his battalion in wresting the objective from an enemy force estimated at regimental strength, thereby successfully dominating the enemy's supply route in his zone of action. His exceptional courage, inspiring leadership and valiant devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Colonel Hopkins and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 257 (April 9, 1952)
Born: at Marshfield, Oregon
Home Town: Sacramento, California

*HOUSE, RUSSELL JUNIOR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Russell Junior House (563100), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Gunner in a Marine 70-mm. Recoilless Rifle Platoon of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), at Kimpo Airfield, Korea, on 18 September 1950. When the rest of his platoon was pinned down by intense small-arms fire from concealed hostile positions, Corporal House moved forward alone in the face of intense enemy fire, throwing a hand grenade and single-handedly killing five of the enemy while bringing his gun into position. Repeatedly exposing himself to enemy fire in order to ready the ammunitions for firing, he prepared to engage the hostile troops at point blank range and was sighting in at the target when struck down. As a result of Corporal House's great personal courage, fortitude and fighting spirit, his platoon was inspired to heroic efforts in holding the enemy at bay, and the opposing troops were finally destroyed. His devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming odds reflects the highest credit upon Corporal House and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 318 (March 28, 1951)
Born: March 24, 1926 at Nevada, Iowa
Home Town: Nevada, Iowa

HOWARD, WARREN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Warren C. Howard (662462), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Machine Gunner in Company D, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 7 December 1950. When an overwhelming hostile force, wearing white uniforms and advancing through concealed avenues of approach on a mountainous, snow-covered ridge east of the town, suddenly launched a vicious attack against his company's defensive position on the forward slope of the hill, Private First Class Howard bravely manned his machine gun during the furious action, killing and wounding several of the enemy as they charged within ten feet of his position. With all but one member of his crew a casualty, he voluntarily exposed himself to the blistering shellfire on three occasions to secure hand grenades to hold back the onrushing enemy and, with his position in danger of being overrun, remained steadfast and continued the fight until his fallen comrades could be removed to safety. Struck in the arm and leg by a burst of sub-machine-gun fire while displacing his gun to a better firing position, he refused medical attention and continued to assist in placing the weapon in operation before he would submit to evacuation. By his fortitude, daring initiative and gallant fighting spirit in the face of extreme odds, Private First Class Howard contributed to the saving of many lives and his inspiring devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 790 (August 2, 1951)
Born: at La Grange, Texas
Home Town: Houston, Texas

HULL, MILTON A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Milton A. Hull (0-13075), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company D, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 27 November 1950. Undeterred by the continuous barrage of heavy hostile fire from a fanatical and numerically superior enemy force which attacked and drove his company from defensive positions on the high ground north of Yudam-ni, Captain Hull immediately reorganized his company and personally led his men in a valiant effort to retake the hill. Although seriously wounded during the fierce counterattack which ensued, he refused to be evacuated and continued to lead his company in the assault, moving bout among his men in the face of intense enemy fire and shouting words of encouragement. By his outstanding and heroic leadership, he served to inspire his troops to Herculean efforts in successfully regaining and defending the vital hill position despite heavy casualties which reduced his force to approximately fifteen men. His cool courage, aggressive fighting spirit and unfaltering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Captain Hull and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 791 (August 2, 1951)
Born: at Plant City, Florida
Home Town: Plant City, Florida

*HYDE, DAVID LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David Lee Hyde (0-53273), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company H, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 27 October 1952. When his platoon was assigned a zone of action necessitating a direct frontal assault on three enemy machine-gun positions while the company was engaged in an attempt to seize a vitally important hill mass which had been overrun by hostile forces on the previous night, Second Lieutenant Hyde bravely led his men up the slope through intense enemy small-arms, mortar and artillery fire in a daring effort to neutralize the hostile strong points. With his platoon pinned down by heavy enemy fire near its goal after repeated attempts to reach the objective, he quickly reorganized the unit and gallantly led his men up the hill and into the hostile trenches, throwing grenades and firing his carbine while working his way through the trench lines. Locating an enemy infantryman who was attempting to escape, Second Lieutenant Hyde promptly assisted in subduing the hostile soldier, returned the prisoner to the rear and led his unit in clearing the remainder of the trenches and bunkers, killing the occupants and repeatedly exposing himself to enemy sniper and mortar fire to obtain ammunition for his men. Learning that a member of his platoon had been wounded and inadvertently left behind after the lines had been relieved by another company and his unit had been withdrawn for the purposes of reorganization, he again braved the deadly enemy fire in an effort to seek out the casualty, and was mortally wounded while carrying the stricken man to safety. Second Lieutenant Hyde's exceptional bravery and superb leadership served to inspire his men to heroic endeavor in securing the objective. His indomitable courage, valiant fighting spirit and selfless efforts in behalf of a fellow Marine reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 397 (May 22, 1953)
Born: September 8, 1928 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

INGEMANSSON, NILS V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nils V. Ingemansson (859845), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader of Company I, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 6 and 7 September 1952. When his unit was attacked by numerically superior hostile forces while defending a combat outpost well in advance of the main line of resistance, Sergeant Ingemansson bravely took up a position on top of a bunker in the face of an intense hostile artillery and mortar barrage and delivered devastating fire upon the attackers to prevent the enemy from penetrating his sector of the perimeter, personally killing fifteen of the enemy with rifle fire and dispersing many others with hand grenades. A gallant and inspiring leader, he constantly aided and reassured the wounded during breaks in the fighting, distributed ammunition among his men and, throughout the night, encouraged the Marines in repelling the enemy. By his superb courage, valiant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of great odds, Sergeant Ingemansson was directly instrumental in the successful defense of the entire position and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 276 (April 14, 1953)
Born: at Gothenburg, Sweden
Home Town: Reno, Nevada

*JACKSON, JAMES EDWARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Edward Jackson, Jr. (1137593), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman in Company I, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 17 May 1951. When a numerically superior enemy force effected a penetration of his unit's position during a vicious attack, Private First Class Jackson boldly manned his forward post which became cut off from the remainder of the unit and, courageously braving the fierce hail of hostile automatic-weapons and small-arms fire, steadfastly held his ground, delivering accurate fire into the enemy's ranks. Firing continually, he succeeded in pinning down large numbers of the enemy and effectively denied them the opportunity to exploit the penetration. Although painfully and seriously wounded during the action, he gallantly continued to engage the enemy who virtually surrounded his position until his comrades counterattacked and routed the hostile force. While helping to drive the enemy completely from the position, he was severely wounded a second time, but resolutely chose to remain with his unit until he was ordered to the rear where he subsequently succumbed to his wounds. By his indomitable fighting spirit, valiant determination and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds, Private First Class Jackson contributed materially to the successful securing of the friendly position and thereby upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 172 (March 27, 1952)
Born: February 15, 1932 at Coolidge, Georgia
Home Town: Monticello, Florida

*JACKSON, R. A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to R. A. Jackson (1055580), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Rifleman in Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Yudam-ni, Korea, on the morning of 28 November 1950. Arming himself with several hand grenades to replace his rifle which failed to operate in the sub-zero temperature, Private First Class Jackson unhesitatingly joined his platoon in a daring attack up an exposed, icy, snow-covered slope to remain adjacent high ground that had been seized and occupied by the enemy during the night. When a hostile machine gun located on the flank pinned down his group with heavy fire, he spotted its position and coolly started to work his way toward the site. Moving in the face of continued intense fire, he succeeded in reaching a position within grenade-throwing distance and, standing upright in full view of the enemy, hurled a grenade with deadly accuracy, destroying the hostile weapon and killing or wounding its entire crew. Mortally wounded by a burst of hostile fire during this action, Private First Class Jackson, by his daring initiative, self-sacrificing efforts in behalf of others and steadfast devotion to duty, upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 290 (April 12, 1952)
Born: December 31, 1928 at Durant, Oklahoma
Home Town: Patterson, California

*JENSON, AUSTIN CLIFFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Austin Clifford Jenson (0-49968), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader in Company B, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Yudam-ni, Korea, on 29 November 1950. Following the success of an adjacent platoon in repelling a vicious assault by the enemy, many of whom withdrew in disorder to a heavily fortified key position to the front of friendly lines, Second Lieutenant Jenson promptly assumed the responsibility of attempting to storm and seize the stronghold. Spearheading the attack, he advanced to within forty yards of the area before the enemy pinned down his unit under a blistering automatic weapons and small-arms barrage. Ordering his men to cover him, he crawled forward alone under the intense fire to reconnoiter a tactical route of approach and, after locating a defiladed area to the left flank of his platoon, directed a forward movement, at the same time delivering accurate fire into the pillbox with his carbine. When the enemy again attacked from concealed fox holes at the base of the stronghold, seriously endangering his troops, he boldly stood upright to draw the fire to himself, thus distracting the enemy's attention and, firing upon the hostile force, disorganized them sufficiently to enable his platoon to proceed. Stouthearted and indomitable, Second Lieutenant Jenson accounted for many dead and wounded while firing from his exposed position before he himself was fatally struck down. By his valiant fighting spirit, courageous leadership and concern for others in the face of almost certain death, he inspired his men to heroic efforts in driving off the attackers a short time later, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1058 (October 15, 1951)
Born: October 20, 1924 at Coolidge, Texas
Home Town: Abernathy, Texas

JOHNSON, HORACE L., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Horace L. Johnson, Jr. (0-41906), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Executive Officer of Company H, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 28 and 29 November 1950. When a numerically superior hostile force employing large quantities of mortars and hand grenades penetrated the center of his company's lines, inflicting heavy casualties and cutting off all communications, First Lieutenant Johnson voluntarily left his covered position and proceeded to the platoon position on the right of the penetration to secure first-hand information of the exact situation. Although continually subjected to heavy enemy fire, he reached the right flank position and, after determining the extent of the penetration and the situation of the platoon, immediately moved to the Battalion Command Post and requested reinforcements. Personally leading the additional troops to his company's position, he skillfully placed them in the lines and succeeded in containing the enemy penetration. Despite shock suffered when a hostile rifle bullet struck his helmet and temporarily stunned him, he unhesitatingly continued his efforts to repel the enemy. As the enemy attack increased in intensity and threatened to overrun his positions, he organized a group of Marines and led the men in a successful counterattack, repulsing the enemy and regaining the company's original positions. His outstanding courage, leadership and initiative reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Johnson and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 585 (July 11, 1951)
Born: at Denison, Texas
Home Town: Ashley, Illinois

JOHNSON, WALTER P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter P. Johnson (1195001), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving with Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 5 July 1952. When an enemy hand grenade landed in his bunker while he was participating as a member of a thirty-man unit defending an outpost against a fierce assault by an estimated company of the enemy supported by artillery, mortar and heavy machine-gun fire, Private First Class Johnson unhesitatingly threw himself on the deadly grenade, smothering the blast in order to protect a companion occupying the same bunker. Severely wounded as a result of this heroic and selfless action which left his comrade unscathed, Private First Class Johnson, by his great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 865
Born: at Gastonia, North Carolina
Home Town: Oakton, Virginia

JONES, DONALD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald R. Jones (0-49868), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Leader of a Rifle Platoon, Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Koto-ri Pass, Korea, on 8 December 1950. Although the approaches to the enemy positions were practically inaccessible and exposed to direct hostile small-arms and machine-gun fire, Second Lieutenant Jones bravely led his platoon up the steep snow-covered precipice to attack and seize a mountain peak defended by well-entrenched, numerically superior hostile forces. Moving fearlessly among the squads, he skillfully maneuvered his men into strategic positions from which they could deliver accurate rifle fire and employ hand grenades more effectively. Spearheading his well-planned assault, he directed his group in hand-to-hand fighting which resulted in the destruction of over seventy-five of the enemy and numerous machine-gun bunkers. When the hostile troops launched an aggressive counterattack while he was reorganizing his platoon immediately following the seizure of the objective, he conducted a successful defense of the newly-won positions, thereby contributing materially to the success of the Battalion in securing enemy-held terrain from which to cover the advance of the Division. His tactical ability, indomitable fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty in the face of intense hostile opposition reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Jones and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 765 (July 23, 1951)
Born: at Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Home Town: Maywood, Illinois

JONES, JACK R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack R. Jones (0-18117), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company C, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea, from 27 November to 7 December 1950. Assigned to reinforce friendly troops pinned down on a reverse slope by direct automatic weapons fire when driven from commanding high ground near Yudam-ni by a numerically superior hostile force estimated at two regiment strength, Captain Jones boldly led his company over unfamiliar terrain under cover of darkness and, reaching his objective to find that all other officers in the immediate area were casualties, unhesitatingly assumed over all command to launch an attack, killing approximately 65 of the enemy and driving the remainder from the ridge line. In the early morning of 29 November, he bravely exposed himself to direct enemy small-arms, mortar and machine-gun fire to reconnoiter hostile positions well in front of his own lines and, although painfully wounded in the right leg, continued to observe the opposition and direct his troops in beating off heavy attacks. Throughout the day, he continually moved among his men, supervising and personally assisting in the removal of more than 200 casualties while refusing aid for himself. When a regiment of the enemy employing small-arms, machine-guns, mortars and hand grenades attacked his defensive position in sub-zero weather on the night of 30 November, Captain Jones daringly moved back and forth along his sector in the face of intensive hostile fire, encouraging his men, supervising the evacuation of casualties and directing the defense. By the following morning, the enemy was repelled with losses of approximately 200 killed, with but 16 casualties to our forces. Again attacked by an enemy regiment on the night of 6 December at Hagaru-ri, he continually exposed himself to heavy mortar barrages while maneuvering his men to fill gaps in the defensive perimeter. During the heaviest period of fighting, he gallantly led a tank into position to place effective fire on the enemy and, although again wounded in the right leg by mortar shell fragments, continued to direct his forces throughout the long, bitterly cold night until the opposition retired, leaving 241 of their dead within 200 yards of the company front lines. Later, despite his wounds and frostbite in the hands and feet, he led his company into Majon-Dong, as a well organized and fighting unit. By his outstanding courage, skilled leadership and valiant devotion to duty, Captain Jones served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 270 (January 4, 1952)
Born: at Eureka, Utah
Home Town: Elberta, Utah

KISER, HARROL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harrol Kiser (0-47874), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander in Company B, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 3 December 1950. After leading his men in a fierce attack on hostile positions near Hagaru-ri, which added three more casualties to his already badly depleted platoon, First Lieutenant Kiser boldly engaged his unit, with the rest of the company committed in the action, in a fresh assault to gain higher ground. Skillfully reorganizing his platoon and inspiring them to heroic efforts, he personally headed the remaining eighteen men in an aggressive attack against an estimated sixty of the enemy, armed with automatic weapons and reinforced with heavy machine guns and mortars. Although painfully wounded, he steadfastly remained in an exposed position, directing and encouraging his men until the hostile positions were completely overrun. By his superb leadership, he served to inspire his men to heroic efforts in killing thirty-nine of the enemy and in firmly securing the assigned objective without further loss of life to his platoon. His great personal courage, valiant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Kiser and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1038 (November 1, 1951)
Born: at Eureka, Texas
Home Town: Denver City, Texas

KNOX, EDWIN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin L. Knox (274361), Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company A, First Engineer Battalion, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea from 1 to 3 December 1950. With his platoon employed as an infantry rifle platoon of the Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, during a determined night attack on the defense position in sub-zero weather by a numerically superior enemy force, Technical Sergeant Knox courageously assumed command of the platoon when the leader became a casualty, and braved a devastating barrage of hostile fire to rescue his platoon commander and wounded comrades, at the same time shouting words of encouragement to the other members of the unit, directing their fire and supervising the disengagement with the enemy. Assured that all casualties had been removed to a sheltered area, he assisted in rendering first aid treatment and unhesitatingly removed his outer winter clothing to protect the wounded from the severe cold while awaiting evacuation. Later, with his platoon acting as point of a column proceeding from Yudam-ni to Hagaru-ri, he spotted a large concentration of hostile troops preparing to ambush a Marine rifle company advancing on the right flank of the column. Although his own platoon was pinned down by a withering hail of enemy fire, he calmly held his ground and directed his machine-gun section in delivering accurate fire which almost completely annihilated the enemy force and permitted the Marine company to continue its advance with a minimum of casualties. During this extremely critical period, Technical Sergeant Knox expertly directed the construction of a by-pass near a demolished bridge in the face of harassing fire, ingeniously utilizing steel rails from a near-by railroad track to serve as a foundation. After the structure was completed, he deployed his engineers as a machine-gun section and directed effective fire to protect the convoy from further harassment while crossing the by-pass. By his courageous leadership, exceptional initiative and aggressive fighting spirit, Technical Sergeant Knox was greatly instrumental in the successful passage of all the vehicle trains from the Yudam-ni area, as the by-pass was the only avenue of escape from this sector. His great personal valor in the face of overwhelming odds reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 477 (June 11, 1953)
Born: at Winchester, Tennessee
Home Town: Winchester, Tennessee

KOHLER, ROBERT D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert D. Kohler (1189366), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as an Automatic Rifleman of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 3 March 1953. When his unit was engaged in fierce combat with the enemy during an assault on a strongly fortified hostile position far forward of the main line of resistance, Private First Class Kohler sighted a machine gun that was bringing murderous enfilade fire to bear upon the unit and causing many casualties. Single-handedly charging the enemy emplacement, he moved over an estimated thirty yards of open ground and delivered deadly automatic-rifle and grenade fire to silence the hostile weapon. Rushing to the assistance of the wounded during the initial outbreak of a savage fire fight between friendly forces and deeply entrenched enemy troops, he immediately proceeded to administer first aid and, when an enemy grenade landed in the immediate area, unhesitatingly stepped on the deadly missile, absorbing the full impact of the explosion in order to protect his wounded comrades. Seriously wounded while carrying out this heroic action, Private First Class Kohler, by his indomitable fighting spirit, exceptional initiative and valiant efforts in behalf of others in the face of almost certain death, was directly responsible for saving the lives of the wounded Marines. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1140 (January 5, 1954)
Born: at Brady, Nebraska
Home Town: Klamath Falls, Oregon

KRAMER, VINCENT R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vincent R. Kramer (0-8411), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in action against enemy aggressor forces during operations in Korea. Assigned to highly important and dangerous missions on 30 June and 2 July 1951, Major Kramer, with complete disregard for his own life, proceeded to pre-arranged rendezvous points deep in enemy territory. On 7 July 1951 he personally led 100 specially trained Koreans to points deep behind the enemy lines to carry out a very important and dangerous mission directed against the common enemy. In accomplishing these missions Major Kramer displayed a high degree of leadership, courage and heroism and repeatedly placed his own life in jeopardy at the risk of being taken prisoners. His daring initiative and gallant devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 0001 (January 22, 1952)
Born: at Paterson, New Jersey
Home Town: Paterson, New Jersey

*KURCABA, JOSEPH RICHARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Richard Kurcaba (0-39091), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea, from 21 October to 8 December 1950. With both platoon commanders seriously wounded when his assault platoons were pinned down under intense hostile fire during a fierce attack against a well-entrenched and numerically superior enemy force, First Lieutenant Kurcaba gallantly rushed forward through blinding snow which seriously hampered vision and precluded the use of supporting arms and, although continually drawing heavy hostile small-arms and machine-gun fire to himself, courageously moved from position to position, reorganizing his men and preparing them to continue the assault. After completing the reorganization, he personally led the forward platoon in a renewed attack, constantly encouraging the men and resolutely pressing ahead until he fell, mortally wounded. By his inspiring leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and unwavering devotion in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds, First Lieutenant Kurcaba was responsible for the successful overrunning of the enemy position and thereby upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1133 (November 7, 1951)
Born: March 16, 1917 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

*LAMBERT, DONALD FRANCIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Francis Lambert (0-54701), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Company I, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 8 January 1953. When elements of his platoon were assigned the mission of raiding a heavily fortified and strongly defended enemy-held hill far forward of the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Lambert skillfully directed his men during the initial phase of the assault to gain full advantage of supporting arms and, fearlessly leading his unit through a hail of hostile small-arms and grenade fire, succeeded in reaching enemy trenches near the top of the hill. Realizing the need for a vantage point where he could direct his men in wiping out enemy troops concealed in the trench line, he again exposed himself to intense enemy fire to advance to a position on the crest of the hill and dauntlessly commanded the activities of his men in the enemy trenches. Struck down by a burst of hostile machine-gun fire and unable to rise, he continued to direct and encourage his men, urging them on to the successful completion of their mission. When members of his unit attempted to move him to a sheltered position, he steadfastly refused evacuation or medical assistance until all other wounded had been removed to safety. Succumbing to his wounds while being carried to the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Lambert, by his inspiring leadership, indomitable courage and great personal valor, contributed materially to the success of the mission and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 936 (October 23, 1953)
Born: December 8, 1929 at Oak park, Illinois
Home Town: Summit, Illinois

LARSON, JACK F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack F. Larson (577931), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader of Company D, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces south of Hongch-on, Korea, on 11 March 1951. Observing an excellent avenue of approach leading directly into the forward portion of his position while arranging the defense of newly-won high ground following a bitter fight, Sergeant Larson conducted one fire team to an area covering the lane of access and, while digging in, was forced to withdraw when a hail of hostile automatic-weapons and small-arms fire rendered the site temporarily untenable. Occupying an alternate position until darkness, he returned to complete his defensive preparations despite continued enemy fire. When a large hostile force subsequently launched a vigorous assault, inflicting serious wounds on his comrades and himself, he braved intense enemy fire to remain at his post and, by skillfully manning his weapon, prevented the hostile troops from penetrating the sector and jeopardizing the entire company position. Despite severe pain from his wounds, he single-handedly withstood all enemy assaults for approximately two hours and, after the hostile assailants had been repulsed and his wounded comrades had received aid, consented to submit to treatment for his own wounds. By his inspiring leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and steadfast devotion to duty, Sergeant Larson contributed materially to the security of the company position, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 177 (March 27, 1952)
Born: at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington

LAWRENCE, JAMES F., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James F. Lawrence, Jr. (0-7913), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Operations Officer, and later as Executive Officer, of the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 6 and 7 December 1950. With his battalion designated as the division vanguard during the crucial movement from Hagaru-ri to Koto-ri in the face of surrounding numerically superior enemy forces, Major Lawrence unhesitatingly volunteered to lead a small command group directly behind the forward assault platoon to coordinate the advance of the attacking rifle companies and, despite an almost ceaseless hail of hostile mortar and small-arms fire, constantly maintained his hazardous position to direct the supporting arms. Although seriously shaken by the bursts of enemy shells, he bravely continued to direct the supporting aircraft, tanks and mortars, completely neutralizing three hostile roadblocks during the first four miles of the attack. When the battalion commander and the executive officer became casualties, Major Lawrence promptly assumed command of and skillfully directed the battalion in breaking through the last enemy barriers outside the Koto-ri perimeter during the early morning hours of 7 December. Receiving orders to move back toward Hagaru-ri to assist the division column in its attempt to overcome reestablished hostile roadblocks, he fearlessly led his men in a daring blocking maneuver despite near exhaustion from the bitter cold, enabling the remainder of the division to move into friendly lines without further resistance from the enemy. By his outstanding courage, inspiring leadership and valiant devotion to duty in the face of overwhelming odds, Major Lawrence was directly instrumental in the success achieved by his division and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 830 (October 10, 1952)
Born: at Rutledge, Tennessee
Home Town: Chandler, North Carolina

*LEE, BENJAMIN G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Benjamin G. Lee (0-17461), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as S-3 of the Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 29 March 1953. When disorganized elements of several companies had succeeded in establishing a precarious hold on a portion of the high ground on a bitterly contested outpost position forward of the main line of resistance, Major Lee unhesitatingly volunteered to assume command of the gallant garrison of Marines and to reorganize and defend the newly won position. Courageously moving across an estimated thousand yards of rugged terrain which was swept by deadly enemy mortar and artillery fire, he reached the hard-pressed unit and, moving among the men to encourage them and assure the integrity of the position, succeeded in reorganizing the forces and in launching a series of attacks upon the enemy who were attempting to overrun the position. In an effort to direct accurate friendly artillery and mortar fire upon the enemy and to rally his forces to the attack, he repeatedly exposed himself to murderous automatic-weapons, mortar and artillery fire and expertly directed his men in a successful assault which firmly established the stalwart defenders upon the objective before he was mortally wounded by an enemy mortar shell. By his inspiring leadership, outstanding tactical ability and exceptional courage, Major Lee was directly instrumental in the accomplishment of the vital mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 939 (October 23, 1953)
Born: April 10, 1910 at Kansas City, Missouri
Home Town: Oceanside, California

LEE, KURT CHEW-EEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kurt Chew-Een Lee (0-48880), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of a Machine-Gun Platoon of Company B, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea, on 2 and 3 November 1950. Immediately taking countermeasures when a numerically superior enemy force fiercely attacked his platoon and overran its left flank during the defense of strategic terrain commanding approaches to the main supply route south of Sudong, first Lieutenant Lee boldly exposed himself to intense hostile automatic weapons, grenade and sniper small-arms fire to carry out a personal reconnaissance, well in advance of his own lines, in order to re-deploy the machine-gun posts within the defensive perimeter. Momentarily forced back by extremely heavy opposition, he quickly reorganized his unit and, instructing his men to cover his approach, bravely moved up an enemy held slope in a deliberate attempt to draw fire and thereby disclose hostile troop positions. Despite serious wounds sustained as he pushed forward, First Lieutenant Lee charged directly into the face of the enemy fire and, by his dauntless fighting spirit and resourcefulness, served to inspire other members of his platoon to heroic efforts in pressing a determined counterattack and driving the hostile forces from the sector. His outstanding courage, brilliant leadership and unswerving devotion to duty were contributing factors in the success achieved by his company and reflect the highest credit upon First Lieutenant Lee and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1204 (December 4, 1951)
Born: at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Sacramento, California

*LEEDS, JOSEPH ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Robert Leeds (649831), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Fire Team Leader in Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Koto-ri, Korea, on 8 December 1950. When intense, accurate small-arms, automatic weapons and mortar fire from well-entrenched enemy positions caused many casualties and checked the advance of his platoon up the steep slopes of a mountain which controlled Koto-ri Pass, Corporal Leeds gallantly led his fire team in a bold assault upon the vigorously-defended hostile positions located on commanding ground. Although handicapped by the heavily falling snow and sub-zero temperatures, he located the focal point of the enemy fire and, bravely moving forward, destroyed the machine-gun emplacement and a total of nine enemy soldiers in hand-to-hand combat before he fell mortally wounded. His indomitable fighting spirit and courageous initiative served to inspire his unit in overrunning the hostile positions and seizing its vital objective. By his leadership and inspiring devotion to duty, Corporal Leeds upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 639 (July 14, 1951)
Born: September 4, 1928 at Atlantic City, New Jersey
Home Town: Atlantic City, New Jersey

*LETT, LAWRENCE EVERETTE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lawrence Everette Lett (1106261), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader of Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 27 October 1952. Participating in an attack to recapture a vitally important sector of the main line of resistance which was previously overrun by the enemy, Corporal Lett fearlessly led his squad through intense enemy artillery, mortar and small-arms fire to reach his portion of the objective and single-handedly charged several enemy bunkers, hurling hand grenades and firing his rifle to rout the hostile troops. Although painfully wounded at point-blank range by hostile machine-gun fire from one emplacement, he succeeded in completely destroying the enemy position. When his men became separated from the platoon, he gallantly continued in the attack until the enemy was forced to withdraw and then reorganized his squad to assault a second objective. Throughout this action, he constantly exposed himself to withering hostile fire and, moving into an enemy trench, courageously engaged three enemy soldiers in hand-to-hand combat until he fell, mortally wounded. By his indomitable fighting spirit, valiant leadership and marked fortitude in the face of heavy odds, Corporal Lett served to inspire all who observed him and contributed in large measure to the success of his squad in accomplishing its mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and sustains and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1084 (December 14, 1953)
Born: August 21, 1932 at Fountain City, Tennessee
Home Town: Fountain City, Tennessee

*LEVASSEUR, RONALD NORMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ronald Norman Levasseur (1094587), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Messenger in Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces near Hagaru-ri, Korea, on the night of 28 - 29 November 1950. Immediately following the initial assault on his platoon by a numerically superior enemy force, Private First Class Levasseur fearlessly exposed himself to intense hostile small-arms fire to assist in restoring the wire communications between his platoon and the company command post and, undaunted by the continual enemy small-arms and grenade attacks, repeatedly traversed open terrain to deliver messages in various sections of the platoon area. Courageously refusing to take cover during the interim periods, he maintained a constant watch and, firing from a standing position, killed a total of six of the enemy who were attempting to advance into his sector. Observing an enemy soldier, on one of these occasions, penetrate friendly lines and jump into a foxhole, he tossed a grenade into the hole from a short distance, closed with the hostile invader and killed him with rifle fire. While voluntarily delivering an important message to two company tank commanders later that night, he was mortally wounded by a burst from an enemy weapon as he ran across an unprotected area covered by intense hostile machine-gun fire. His courageous initiative and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of strong enemy opposition reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Levasseur and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 943 (September 14, 1951)
Born: October 7, 1930 at Laconia, New Hampshire
Home Town: Portsmouth, New Hampshire

LITTLE, CHARLES G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles G. Little (0-53704), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Leader of a Rifle Platoon of Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 24 - 25 June 1952. When the enemy attacked in battalion strength while his platoon was defending a combat outpost in advance of the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Little bravely exposed himself to intense hostile artillery, mortar and small-arms fire to call in accurate artillery fire on the attackers, and personally killed all the enemy attempting to infiltrate into a bunker housing his wounded men. Concerned only with the welfare of the casualties and the reorganization of his small force of Marines, he constantly moved from one position to another to encourage the men during a brief lull in the sharp hand-to-hand fighting. Throughout a second assault by the hostile force, he gallantly remained on guard to prevent the attackers from infiltrating into the bunker containing the stricken men, again killed all the enemy attempting to reach and casualties, and called in accurate artillery fire which was greatly instrumental in repelling the assault. Although wounded during the fierce hand-to-hand encounter, he refused to accept medical aid until all the casualties had been treated. By his outstanding courage, superb leadership and selfless efforts in behalf of his wounded men in the face of overwhelming odds, Second Lieutenant Little served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 196 (March 20, 1953)
Born: at Natick, Massachusetts
Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia

LITZENBERG, HOMER LAURENCE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Homer Laurence Litzenberg, Jr. (0-3959), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of the Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 6 and 7 December 1950. Confronted with tremendous difficulties imposed by several days of continuous fighting in subzero temperatures against a numerically superior enemy force which had severely depleted his Regiment, Colonel Litzenberg unhesitatingly proceeded to carry out his orders to attack from Hagaru-ri to Koto-ri and to join other units there. With the only route of attack blocked and strong elements of two hostile Divisions holding positions to his front and flanks, he skillfully directed his assault from a position exposed to vicious enemy artillery, mortar and machine-gun fire. Expertly supervising the care and evacuation of casualties and moving tirelessly among his men to inspire and exhort them to heroic efforts, he finally succeeded in pressing through to his objective with an offensive so devastating that the enemy was unable to recover rapidly enough to deliver concerted attacks against the flanks of the rear guard Regiment which followed his unit. His great personal courage, daring initiative and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of overwhelming odds reflect the highest credit upon Colonel Litzenberg and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1123 (November 5, 1951)
Born: January 8, 1903 at Steelton, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Other Award: Distinguished Service Cross (Korea)

LIVINGSTON, WILLIAM J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William J. Livingston (0-54728), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Commander of Reconnaissance Company, Headquarters Battalion, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 27 February 1953. Encountering a numerically superior enemy force employing automatic weapons and grenades while he was leading his platoon into a blocking position in support of another platoon occupying an ambush position well forward of the main line of resistance, Second Lieutenant Livingston, although wounded during the initial assault, gallantly refused medical assistance and quickly organized and directed his unit in repelling the hostile attack. Sustaining additional wounds when the enemy placed heavy mortar and machine-gun fire upon his platoon as he was supervising the evacuation of wounded Marines, he continued to direct the removal of the stricken men and personally carried several of them under fire to a shelter. Continually operating the radio after his radioman became a casualty, he maintained communications with his company commander throughout the battle and directed accurate artillery and mortar fire upon the enemy. When the enemy launched a final assault on the remainder of his platoon, Second Lieutenant Livingston fearlessly exposed himself to the hail of withering fire to carry out a vigorous defense of the position, moving rapidly about the area to fire his carbine and to hurl grenades at every hostile group he encountered. Again refusing medical care when he was wounded a third time as the enemy withdrew, he expertly guided his unit back to friendly lines and assisted in carrying a stretcher, permitting himself to be evacuated only after he was assured that all of his men were within the main line of resistance. By his indomitable fighting spirit, marked fortitude and courageous leadership, Second Lieutenant Livingston served to inspire all who observed him and was instrumental in the success of his unit in inflicting heavy casualties upon the enemy. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 958 (October 30, 1953)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

LORENCE, HERBERT M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert M. Lorence (0-45576), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding Officer of Company E, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 28 March 1953. When the leading company in the assault to recapture a strategic outpost sustained extremely heavy casualties from enemy small-arms, mortar and artillery fire, and was holding its advanced position with only the company commander and twelve men remaining, Captain Lorence moved his company through the depleted ranks of the leading unit and, despite heavy casualties sustained from the devastating fire, successfully led his men in a gallant charge up the fire-swept slopes to seize the enemy-held objective. Although the position was constantly subjected to a heavy enemy mortar and artillery barrage, he fearlessly exposed himself to the deadly fire to move from one position to another along the trench lines to rally and direct his shattered garrison of Marines and, providing a stirring example of leadership and coolness under fire, inspired his men to heroic endeavor in repulsing repeated and determined counterattacks by a numerically superior enemy until sufficient friendly forces could join his unit to insure retention of the outpost. By his indomitable fighting spirit, courageous leadership and resolute determination in the face of overwhelming odds, Captain Lorence was directly instrumental in the success of the important mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 960 (November 6, 1953
Born: at Seeaucus, New Jersey
Home Town: Queens Village, New York

LOUDER, JOSEPH J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph J. Louder (1093178), Staff Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Sergeant of Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 17 August 1952. When a friendly patrol en route to a forward combat outpost suffered a surprise attack by a well-entrenched and cleverly concealed enemy force, Staff Sergeant Louder skillfully maneuvered a relief unit of ten Marines through intense hostile mortar and artillery fire to the vicinity of the casualties. With his own unit pinned down by a withering hail of small-arms fire, he expertly deployed his men to positions where fire superiority could be established and, in company with one other man, attempted to assault t he hostile position. When his comrade sustained painful wounds and was forced to withdraw, Staff Sergeant Louder continued the assault alone, worked his way up the hill and into the hostile trenches and, firing his weapon with deadly accuracy, succeeded in forcing the enemy back and in silencing all hostile small-arms fire, thereby enabling the remainder of his unit to move forward and successfully evacuate the casualties. By his valiant leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and resolute determination in the face of intense enemy opposition, Staff Sergeant Louder served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 666 (August 4, 1953)
Born: at Altoona, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Altoona, Pennsylvania

*LOURIM, WILLIAM BRIAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Brian Lourim (327074), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Combat Correspondent attached to Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 10 June 1951. volunteering to accompany the point squad of the assault platoon during an attack against a strongly-held enemy hill position north of Yanggu, Sergeant Lourim bravely moved forward in the face of fierce hostile automatic-weapons, small-arms and grenade fire, alternately firing his rifle and taking notes of the action. When a Marine was wounded nearby, he quickly went to the aid of the helpless man despite intense close-range enemy machine-gun fire and, after moving the casualty to a safer place, gallantly shielded him with his own body with his own body until the stretcher bearers arrived. Learning that the assault unit was heavily engaged and subjected to hostile cross-fire, he hurriedly rejoined the attack and assisted in caring for the casualties during the ensuing fire fight. Later, in a daring attempt to aid another stricken Marine, he dashed across an open area swept by frontal and flanking hostile machine-gun fire and, while assisting the casualty, was himself mortally wounded by the enemy. By his outstanding courage, unselfish efforts in behalf of his comrades and unswerving devotion to duty, Sergeant Lourim served to inspire all who observed him and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 156 (March 22, 1952)
Born: April 14, 1919 at Bay County, Michigan
Home Town: Wyandotte, North Dakota

*LOVETT, FRANK EARNEST, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frank Earnest Lovett, Jr. (1139332), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Squad Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on the night of 26 March 1953. Participating in a platoon counterattack against a bitterly contested enemy-held combat outpost far forward of the main line of resistance, Sergeant Lovett gallantly moved his squad and a machine-gun unit up the hill in the face of intense enemy artillery and mortar fire and cleared the trench line of hostile troops as he advanced. Upon reaching a position that was defended by a strong enemy force, he skillfully maneuvered his men to the left of the enemy and, fearlessly leading his squad through murderous hostile fire, closed with the foe and annihilated them with grenades and automatic-weapons fire, thereby enabling the platoon to continue its advance. When a devastating barrage of hostile fire forced the unit to withdraw to a defilade position, he quickly reorganized his squad and, establishing a hasty defense, moved about the area in the face of the heavy fire to direct their evacuation and to assist in administering aid to his wounded comrades. Observing that a wounded Marine was lying near the scene of the original encounter, he unhesitatingly left his position of comparative safety and advance through a hail of withering enemy fire toward his stricken comrade until he was stuck down and mortally wounded by an enemy mortar shell. By his valiant leadership, aggressive fighting spirit and courageous initiative, Sergeant Lovett served to inspire all who observed him and contributed in large measure to the success of his squad's mission. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 1019 (December 1, 1953
Born: at Fort Worth, Texas
Home Town: Fort Worth, Texas

LUTZ, EUGENE L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene L. Lutz (972289), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Leader of a Machine-Gun Section of Company I, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 26 June 1951. Although painfully wounded when the platoon was subjected to a heavy enemy mortar barrage while preparing defensive positions, Sergeant Lutz bravely rushed to the assistance of another casualty lying helpless in an exposed area. Undaunted by the hail of fire from a second hostile mortar attack, he gallantly placed himself across the body of the stricken man and, although sustaining an additional shrapnel wound in the back, boldly maintained his hazardous position to protect the wounded Marine from further injury. When the enemy barrage lifted, he assisted a corpsman in tending the wounded man, refusing treatment for his own wounds until all other casualties had received attention. By his outstanding courage, valiant devotion to duty and selfless efforts in behalf of his comrades, Sergeant Lutz upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 292 (April 12, 1952)
Born: at Maspeth, New York
Home Town: Elmhurst, New York

LUTZ, THEODORE J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore J. Lutz, Jr. (0-56516), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Platoon Leader of Company H, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea on 25 July 1953. Subjected to a devastating hostile mortar and artillery barrage while leading his platoon to the main line of resistance in order to effect the relief of a bitterly contested sector, Second Lieutenant Lutz fearlessly remained in an exposed position and quickly directed his troops into positions of safety. Assured that all of his men were under cover, he gallantly moved forward into the trench line to investigate the situation. Informed that the left flank of his platoon's sector had been overrun by hostile troops, he immediately organized a small detail of Marines to re-establish contact with friendly elements on the flank and proceeded to lead the group towards the enemy. Although seriously wounded by hostile small-arms fire which knocked his helmet and gun to the ground, he directed his men to safe positions and personally engaged the enemy, killing one and wounding several others with hand grenades. Sustaining additional wounds during this action, he refused to be evacuated and reorganized his platoon, leading it in three successive counterattacks in the face of extremely heavy mortar, artillery and small-arms fire to rout the enemy from the trenches. After placing his men in defensive positions in the newly regained area, he remained with his platoon for over forty-eight hours, submitting to medical treatment only after the cease-fire agreement brought the fighting to an end. By his marked fortitude, courageous leadership and indomitable fighting sprit, Second Lieutenant Lutz served to inspire all who observed him. His personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 457 (august 3, 1954)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Quincy, Massachusetts

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