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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross

 
To U.S. Marines
World War II

Navy Cross Citations USMC - World War II

A - B

C - D

E - G

H - K

L - M

N - Q

R - S

T - Z

E

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

*EAGLE, WESLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wesley Eagle (560833), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Browning Automatic Rifleman and Fire Group Leader, serving with Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 4 to 10 March 1945. Pinned down with his company by intense Japanese artillery, machine-gun and rifle fire which rendered evacuation of the wounded impossible, Private Eagle boldly ordered his fire group to attack, thus diverting the enemy fire until all casualties had been removed to safety. Severely wounded while advancing, he resolutely refused to be evacuated as he was the only Browning Automatic Rifleman left in his platoon. Wounded a second time while delivering rifle fire against the enemy, he again refused to be withdrawn until his fallen comrades had been evacuated. Consistently aggressive as his unit fought fiercely to break the hostile opposition, he took the initiative when his company was ordered to attack an enemy eight-inch gun supported by a blockhouse and pillboxes on 10 March, boldly leading his fire group in a flanking movement against one of the pillboxes and partially destroying it before he fell fatally wounded. By his dauntless leadership, bold tactics and indomitable fighting spirit, Private Eagle was an inspiration to his fellow Marines and his conduct throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35237 (October 24, 1945)
Home Town: Onamia, Minnesota

EDDY, WILLIAM A., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William A. Eddy, Jr. (0-13908), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company B, First Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands. On 19 February 1945, while leading his company after dark to the high ground on the Division's right flank, Captain Eddy discovered that adjacent units were below and to the rear of his unit. When several small enemy counterattacks threatened his precarious position, he personally rallied his men and, encouraging them to hold their lines, led them on to annihilate many of the Japanese. On 8 March, during a heavy mortar barrage, Captain Eddy directed an attack on an enemy blockhouse and, although wounded in his right arm by a hostile rifle bullet, refused treatment to continue the assault and destroy the objective. Although heavy enemy fire frequently pinned down his company, he repeatedly stood up forward of his men to encourage them and lead them against the objective and, by his courageous efforts, was in a great measure responsible for the neutralization of the area and the annihilation of the Japanese where no advance had been made for seven days. His aggressive leadership, courageous fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43550
Born: at Princeton, New Jersey
Home Town: Hanover, New Jersey

EDGAR, CHARLES R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles R. Edgar (441151), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Acting Platoon Sergeant serving with the Third Battalion, Twenty- Eighth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the action at Iwo Jima, in the Volcano Islands, on 13 March 1945. Leading his platoon against a strong Japanese force occupying the high, commanding ground on the northern tip of the island, Corporal Edgar fearlessly defied the shattering bursts of grenade and automatic weapon fire pouring down on his men to make his tenuous way over the jagged, rocky terrain to a position approximately fifty yards from the heavily fortified enemy bunker delivering the devastating barrage which was holding up the advance of his platoon. Determined to knock out the powerful and stubborn Japanese position but unable to silence it with grenades, he unhesitatingly risked his life to work forward under the rain of fire and, placing a deadly demolition charge directly against the pillbox, succeeded in destroying the strategic installation. Instantly killed by an enemy sniper as he withdrew, Corporal Edgar, by his unfaltering leadership, bold tactics and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds, had enabled his platoon to seize its objective and continue the relentless drive north. His dauntless spirit of self-sacrifice throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 31424 (August 9, 1945)
Born: at Warren, Minnesota
Home Town: Warren, Minnesota

EDSON, MERRITT AUSTIN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Merritt Austin Edson (0-257), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Commanding Officer of the Tulagi Combat Group during the landing assault and seizure of enemy Japanese-held Tulagi Island, British Solomon Islands, 7 to 9 August 1942. In personal command of the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during the initial operation, Colonel Edson advanced the attack of his Battalion and its supporting units with suck skill, courage and aggressiveness that he was an inspiration to the entire Combat Group and was directly responsible for the capture of Tulagi Island. His gallant conduct throughout this hazardous action was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 1113 (February 25, 1944)
Born: April 25, 1897 at Rutland, Vermont
Home Town: Burlington, Vermont
Other Award: Medal of Honor (WWII), Navy Cross (Nicaragua)

*EK, BRUCE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bruce H. Ek (0-7534), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Ek, in the face of withering fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to a perilously low altitude before releasing his bomb. Since he failed to return to his base and is missing in action, there can be no doubt, under conditions attendant to the Battle of Midway, that he gave up his life in the defense of his country. His cool courage and conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at Spokane, Washington
Home Town: Spokane, Washington

ELDRIDGE, WILLIAM WARNER, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Warner Eldridge, Jr. (0-29014), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Pilot of a Fighter Plane in Marine Fighting Squadron FOUR HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMF-441), Marine Air Group THIRTY-ONE (MAG-31), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, on 16 April 1945. While flying as a Member of a twelve-plane combat air patrol, First Lieutenant Eldridge and his patrol answered distress calls and located a flight of approximately twenty-five enemy aircraft attempting to destroy a United States fighter director ship by suicide attacks. Boldly engaging the hostile formation, he pressed home a determined attack to destroy four planes, thereby aiding materially in repulsing the Japanese attack and in saving the ship. His gallant conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific: Serial 1448 (SofN Signed January 15, 1948)
Born: at Hamilton, Ohio
Home Town: Hixson, Tennessee

ELIAS, EMIL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Emil Elias (352209), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of a Marine Assault Unit of Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines (Reinforced), First Provisional Marine Brigade, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Engebi, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, 18 to 20 February 1944. Suffering severe wounds from an enemy hand grenade which exploded in his foxhole, Corporal Elias remained silent in spite of the excruciating pain, realizing that a groan or cry from him might attract others to come to his assistance and endanger their lives. Feigning death throughout the night until his comrades reached him at dawn on the following day, he was approached eleven times by the Japanese and was shot through the chest to insure his death. By his superb heroism, iron self-control and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice, Corporal Elias protected his comrades from possible injury and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11172 (SofN Signed January 30, 1946)
Born: at Struthers, Ohio
Home Town: Struthers, Ohio

ELLIOTT, ELLSBURY B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ellsbury B. Elliott (214295), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as leader of the Second Platoon, Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. Despite continuous harassing by enemy snipers and repeated charges by ground troops, Gunnery Sergeant Elliott, by his extreme personal valor, inspired his platoon to great heights of achievement during the early stages of the fight, not only in holding persistently the left flank of the Battalion position but in advancing further into enemy territory, dislocating their assistance. His skillful leadership and determined aggressiveness were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at Seaford, California
Home Town: Oakland, California

ERICKSON, THEODORE O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore O. Erickson (937639), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of Company A, Eleventh Amphibian Tractor Battalion, Fifth Amphibious Corps, Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on the night of 15 March 1945. While in a defensive position as part of a front line unit, Private First Class Erickson unhesitatingly stepped on an enemy grenade which was thrown into his shell hole, thereby causing the fragments to be deflected from his comrades. By his outstanding courage, Private First Class Erickson undoubtedly saved the lives of the other men in the shell hole, and his gallant action was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 45782 (SofN Signed January 22, 1948)
Born: at Orfordville, Wisconsin
Home Town: Beloit, Wisconsin

ERVIN, ARTHUR B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur B. Ervin (285038), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Twenty- Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the invasion of Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, on 1 February 1944. Advancing with his company around the eastern perimeter of the Island, corporal Ervin skillfully located and led the attack upon each hostile strong point in this zone of action. Although wounded in a single-handed assault upon an enemy heavy machine-gun nest, he returned to initiate a raid into an occupied blockhouse and, after climbing to a dangerously exposed position on its top, immediately poured rifle fire into a near-by Japanese trench fortification and exhorted his comrades to press home their attack. When painfully wounded for the second time, he gallantly refused to let anyone endanger himself by coming forward to help and, after pulling himself to safety and having his wounds dressed, retired only on the orders of his Commanding Officer. His determined fighting spirit and inspiring performance of duty throughout these bitter engagements reflect the highest credit upon Corporal Ervin and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2788
Born: at McCurtain, Oklahoma
Home Town: Detroit, Texas

*EUSEY, CHARLES J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles J. Eusey (0-6935), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 26 February 1945. Notified that the company on his right was suffering severe casualties from deeply entrenched, heavily fortified Japanese positions commanding a vital ridge, Captain Eusey immediately conceived a plan of attack to relieve the situation along the Battalion front. Without waiting for further orders, he promptly notified his platoon leaders that the ridge must be taken and issued the command to advance. Defying the enemy's shattering machine-gun, mortar and artillery fire, Captain Eusey personally led a daring frontal drive up the incline, constantly inspiring his men to heroic effort by his own indomitable fighting spirit and aggressive determination and continued his relentless assaults against each succeeding entrenchment until the ridge had been secured and enemy resistance neutralized. Subsequently succumbing to wounds received during the fierce action, Captain Eusey, by his brilliant and forceful leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and great personal valor in the face of tremendous odds, had contributed to the ultimate success of our forces in capturing this vital hostile stronghold. His unwavering devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 31433 (June 14, 1945)
Born: at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: San Diego, California

*EVANS, CLARENCE LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Clarence Lee Evans (309045), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Eighth Marines (Reinforced), SECOND Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island, on 23 November 1942. Knowing that it was impossible for his comrades to advance as long as two enemy machine guns which were holding a commanding position remained in action, Private First Class Evans with two other Marines volunteered to dislodge these guns. Fighting his way through a hail of enemy bullets up to a position where he could throw hand grenades into the hostile machine-gun nest, he killed three Japanese and assisted in capturing the gun. From this position, he threw more grenades at the second emplacement and silenced that gun. Two days later, while continuing his dauntless fight against the enemy, he was killed by a burst of machine-gun fire. His inspired acts of valor, in the face of almost certain death, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the defense of his country.
Board Serial: 1177 (July 8, 1945)
Born: April 27, 1923 at Saginaw, Missouri
Home Town: Saginaw, Missouri

*EVERTON, LOREN D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Loren D. Everton (0-6381), Major, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWELVE (VMF-212), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat with enemy Japanese forces over Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands during August and October 1942. Throughout that strenuous period when the island airfield was under constant bombardment and our precarious ground positions were menaced by the desperate counter thrusts of a fanatical foe, Captain Everton repeatedly patrolled hostile territory, strafed enemy ships and intercepted persistent bombing flights. With bold determination and courageous disregard of personal safety, he pressed home numerous attacks against heavily escorted waves of invading bombers and, in three vigorous fights against tremendous odds, shot down a total of seven Japanese planes. His superb flying skill and dauntless initiative were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 0750 (SofN Signed December 22, 1948)
Born: at Crofton, Nebraska
Home Town: Crofton, Nebraska

F

*FAGAN, FRANCIS LOUIS
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Louis Fagan (0-8334), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, 28 July 1944. Assuming command of a company which had lost all its officers with the exception of one, Captain Fagan immediately pushed an attack to the top of a ridge and, when a strong enemy counterattack forced his company's right flank to fall back after the lapse of only ten minutes, ran one hundred and fifty yards along the front line through heavy hostile fire to the right flank. Braving intense fire from screaming Japanese troops only fifteen yards away, he rallied his men and halted the withdrawal, thus preventing a break-through and repulsing the counterattack. Although wounded during the action, he continued to command his company. His inspiring leadership, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00420
Born: at Marshall, Wisconsin
Home Town: Columbus, Wisconsin
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*FAGAN, FRANCIS LOUIS
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Francis Louis Fagan (0-8334), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 25 and 26 February 1945. Determined to break the entrenched network of emplacements concealed in the massive rock formations and twisting ridges which constituted the natural ramparts of the enemy's cross-island defenses, Captain Fagan skillfully coordinated and led a combined tank-infantry assault against a salient Japanese strong point on the high ground west of Airfield Number Two. Boldly defying the powerfully organized opposition, he continuously exposed himself to intense machine-gun, antitank, grenade and mortar barrages as he directed the sustained fire of his automatic weapons against heavily fortified pillboxes which he personally located and, driving his tanks relentlessly forward in the face of almost insurmountable obstacles, blasted one death trap after another to make slow but steady progress toward the fanatically defended ridge position. Painfully wounded during the violent exchange of hostilities, he consistently refused evacuation and held his ground indomitably throughout the night, despite the uninterrupted bombardment of exploding mortar shells and slashing machine-gun fire maintained by the enemy. Fiercely resuming his planned close-in tactics the following morning, he led his intrepid men with dauntless courage and iron determination in a hand-to-hand assault of the contested area and succeeded in destroying several hostile fortifications before he fell, mortally wounded while leading a furious charge against a stubbornly resisting pillbox. By his outstanding valor and brilliant combat skill, Captain Fagan had effected the annihilation of approximately one hundred fifty Japanese, the destruction of more than thirty enemy fortifications and the seizure of key positions which materially furthered the operations of his division against this vital outpost of the Japanese Empire. His superb leadership and dynamic aggressiveness throughout the bitter conflict enhanced and sustained the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35335 (September 12, 1945)
Born: at Marshall, Wisconsin
Home Town: Columbus, Wisconsin
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

FAGAN, RICHARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Fagan (0-3894), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 24 February 1945. When his battalion was forced by bitter enemy resistance to halt its advance after driving five hundred yards ahead of units on its right, Major Fagan unhesitatingly left his position of safety to check his lines personally. Exposed to constant enemy fire as he went from one front-line position to another, he made the necessary changes in the disposition of men and small groups to relieve the situation temporarily and then supervised the distribution of reserve units which he had ordered forward to fill the gap on the right flank. Finding his own available units insufficient, Major Fagan requested and obtained a support company from another Battalion and, after supervising the placing of this unit, remained on the front lines to direct the movement of troops until he was certain that the gap was closed and his battalion's position secured. By his courage and skilled leadership in the face of heavy enemy fire, Major Fagan contributed materially to the success of his battalion in maintaining its advance position. His gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44532 (SofN Signed June 19, 1947)
Born: at El Paso, Texas
Home Town: New York, New York

*FAJARDO, THEODORE C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Theodore C. Fajardo (0-41837), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Rifle Platoon Leader of Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 13 May 1945. Assigned the mission of assaulting and seizing high grounds which dominated the entire Regimental zone of action, Second Lieutenant Fajardo led his platoon against a firmly entrenched and desperate enemy and, by skillful deployment of his unit and able leadership, succeeded in mounting the precipitous hill in the face of concentrated fire from the numerically superior hostile force, although most of his men, including himself, were wounded during the assault. Subjected, upon reaching the objective, to repeated counterattacks by the enemy who had been concealed in caves on the reverse slope of the hill, Second Lieutenant Fajardo repelled each attack with heavy casualties to the Japanese, despite the fact that the strength of his platoon was already seriously depleted due to casualties suffered during the assault. After organized resistance in the area had been crushed, he still refused evacuation until the pinnacle was cleared of all hostile snipers and stragglers. By his courage and outstanding leadership under enemy fire, Second Lieutenant Fajardo contributed materially to the success of a difficult mission which resulted in the destruction of five hostile fortifications and the annihilation of fifty Japanese soldiers. His unwavering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496
Born: at Patterson, New Jersey
Home Town: Ridgewood, New Jersey

FALTYN, HUBERT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hubert J. Faltyn (300321), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company D, Second Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 13 to 16 March 1945. When all company officers had been rendered casualties in a drive on formidable and well- concealed enemy positions on 13 March, Sergeant Faltyn unhesitatingly assumed command of the Company. Fearlessly running from platoon to platoon to give orders and encourage his men in the face of intense hostile fire from numerous caves on high ground to the front, he reorganized the company and boldly led it forward to seize the objective. Although wounded in a fierce hand grenade exchange the next day, he directed the building of a road leading to the Japanese positions, organized tanks for support and personally led his men in a long advance against a series of hostile caves and pillboxes. Sustaining wounds a second time on 15 March, he again remained on the field of battle and personally led his company up a rocky hill through deadly rifle and mortar fire. Gaining the objective, he skillfully organized a defensive position and inspired his depleted forces to hold their ground until relieved the following day. His courageous leadership, indomitable fighting spirit and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 44532
Born: at Exeter, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Exeter, Pennsylvania

FARINE, HENRY P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry P. Farine (895024), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 7 May 1945. With an enemy machine gun holding up the advance of his platoon, Private First Class Farine made his way under heavy enemy fire to a friendly tank and directed its fire on the emplacement. When the tank withdrew, he dashed forward in full view of the enemy and, charging the emplacement courageously with rifle fire and grenades, killed the enemy and demolished the gun. His gallant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 61534 (SofN Signed January 22, 1948)
Born: at Irving, Texas
Home Town: Barber, Arkansas

FARRELL, WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Farrell (0-28158), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Section Leader and a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron THREE HUNDRED TWELVE (VMF-312), Marine Air Group THIRTY-THREE (MAG-33), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Ryukyu Islands Area, on 25 May 1945. Participating in a bold attack on a numerically superior force of enemy fighter and bomber aircraft, First Lieutenant Farrell fought his plane gallantly and, pressing home his attacks, shod down four of the hostile planes, probably destroyed a fifth and assisted in the destruction of another in a single engagement. By his superb airmanship and indomitable fighting spirit, he aided materially in preventing the hostile aerial group from inflicting serious damage on friendly shipping installations. His courageous devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Air Forces, Pacific: Serial 2110
Born: at Paterson, New Jersey
Home Town: Gardina, California

*FAULKINGHAM, JAMES ALTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Alton Faulkingham (333113), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Amphibian Tractor Crew Chief serving with the First Amphibian Tractor Battalion, Third Amphibious Corps, Fleet Marine Force, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu Island, Palau Group, from 15 to 17 September 1944. Taken under fire by a superior number of Japanese snipers while engaged in carrying supplies to the front lines through heavily mined terrain, Corporal Faulkingham fought valiantly in the face of tremendous odds. Upon observing the approach of a hostile tank, firing savagely on our infantrymen, he unhesitatingly charged the weapon, disabling it with a fifty caliber machine gun, shooting the turret gunner with a carbine and completing the destruction by hurling a hand grenade directly into the enemy tank. Although injured during this encounter, Corporal Faulkingham continued his mission of moving urgently needed supplies through the mined areas partially controlled by the Japanese until 17 September when he sustained severe wounds during the explosion of his tank by a hostile mine. His daring aggressiveness and cool courage in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 1841 (March 8, 1945)
Born: at Bangor, Maine
Home Town: Bangor, Maine

FAULKNER, JAMES C.O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James C.O. Faulkner (272322), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with Company A, SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, during the Marine Raider Expedition against the Japanese-held island of Makin in the Gilbert Islands on 17 and 18 August 1942. Though painfully wounded, Sergeant Faulkner continued at his post, urging his men to great effort and inspiring them by his fine example of personal valor. Finally, when weak from loss of blood after being seriously wounded in the side and leg, he consented to be evacuated for medical attention. His courageous determination and gallant devotion to duty at great peril to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 21, 1942
Born: at Duncanville, Texas
Home Town: Red Oak, Texas

FEDORAK, MICHAEL P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Michael P. Fedorak (289671), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces near the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 8 October 8 - 9, 1942. When hostile forces attacked the position of his company along the mouth of the Matanikau River, Private First Class Fedorak, with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, manned a light machine gun by himself, reversed the gun's position and engaged the enemy until his weapon jammed. Having halted the first assault and killed approximately fifteen Japanese, he calmly removed the back plate from his gun and withdrew. His gallant devotion to duty contributed materially to our cause and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00192 (SofN Signed April 2, 1943)
Born: at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

FESSLER, ISADORE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Isadore Fessler (327875), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Bazooka Operator in Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on enemy-held Peleliu, Palau Islands, 15 September 1944. When an enemy tank counterattack was launched against his company's lines, Private First Class Fessler valiantly moved out into the open and placed himself in position to fire his rocket launcher at the oncoming tanks. Loading and firing his weapon himself, Private First Class Fessler succeeded in destroying three of the Japanese vehicles and, by his courageous initiative, enabled his company to maintain its defensive lines. His indomitable fighting spirit and outstanding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00597
Born: November 13, 1925 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

FIEGUTH, WALTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Fieguth (335667), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company B, SECOND Tank Battalion, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 21 November 1943. When his platoon of light tanks grounded on a coral reef, Platoon Sergeant Fieguth unhesitatingly waded to within two hundred yards of the shore despite intense, persistent enemy machine-gun fire to locate a shallow water path through which to lead his platoon ashore and, returning to his tank, attempted a landing in water approximately three feet deep. Successfully leading the tank a distance of eight hundred yards across a shell-pocked reef and a mined beach, he then contacted the Battalion Commander and subsequently made his way back to the beach to guide the remainder of the platoon ashore under cover of darkness. Platoon Sergeant Fieguth's splendid initiative, aggressive determination and unselfish devotion to duty in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647
Born: at Newton, Kansas
Home Town: Sacramento, California

FILIP, ROBERT C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert C. Filip (930836), Private, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Rifleman of Company L, Third Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 1 March 1945. During a period when the attack by his company was temporarily held up, Private Filip left a covered position to go to the aid of a wounded man in a nearby shellhole. When an enemy grenade was thrown into the shell hole while he was treating the casualty, he realized that the wounded man could not move and, unhesitatingly picked up the grenade and attempted to throw it away. Although the grenade exploded almost instantly, wounding him seriously and throwing fragments into his face, Private Filip protected the wounded man from further injury by his quick action. His outstanding courage and unselfish devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 51256
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Cicero, Illinois

*FISHER, BYRON EARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Byron Earl Fisher (0-30288), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while attached to Company H, Third Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 13 March 1945. Participating in an attack against hostile forces entrenched in pillboxes, caves and spider traps, First Lieutenant Fisher gallantly led his platoon down a ravine to overrun the enemy position. Despite severe wounds received when the enemy launched a furious counterattack before his position could be consolidated, he promptly and without consideration for his own safety helped put a captured Japanese machine gun into action, thus aiding materially in repelling the enemy. By his dauntless initiative, indomitable fortitude and cool decision in the face of fanatic opposition, First Lieutenant Fisher contributed materially to the success of the operations, and his conduct throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35174 (October 25, 1945)
Born: at Midvale, Ohio
Home Town: New Philadelphia, Ohio

*FLEMING, WILLIAM MCKINLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William McKinley Fleming (0-12303), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader in Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Hill 150 on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, 10 January 1944. Commanding the center platoon and ordered to attack the enemy, First Lieutenant Fleming led his men against blazing machine-gun and mortar fire, unhesitatingly exposing himself to terrific fire as he pointed out targets and continuing to lead his platoon forward until he was killed by the enemy. By his fearless disregard for personal safety, First Lieutenant Fleming inspired his men to such resolute courage that enemy resistance in his sector was materially reduced, thereby contributing to the final success of the operation. His valiant leadership, perfect coolness under fire and uncompromising devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 1291 (SofN Signed September 14, 1944)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*FOLSOM, JOHN G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John G. Folsom (314011), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Member of an Assault Squad, serving with Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, 26 February 1945. Cool and courageous, Corporal Folsom boldly took the initiative when his company was held up on a low ridge by heavy Japanese machine-gun fire emanating from two strategically placed pillboxes and, crawling forward alone in the face of direct fire, destroyed both installations with well-directed blasts from his rocket launcher. Instantly assailed by exploding hand grenades hurled from an enemy-held cave to the rear, he fearlessly defied the fanatically fighting cave garrison to fire his remaining rockets into the mouth of the cave and then advanced and attacked with grenades and carbine fire, devastating the hostile position and routing the defending Japanese into the open. By his daring assault tactics, indomitable determination and complete disregard of all personal danger, Corporal Folsom succeeded in freeing his besieged company from an overwhelming concentration of hostile fire and materially furthered his company's advance against a strongly fortified position. His valiant conduct throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35249 (September 21, 1945)
Born: at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Taylor Falls, Minnesota

FONTANA, PAUL JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul John Fontana (0-5344), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWELVE (VMF-112), Marine Air Group FOURTEEN (MAG-14), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 11 to 14 November 1942. When twenty-two Japanese bombers with an escort of six Zero-type fighters attempted to bomb Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Major Fontana, leading a flight of eight planes, shot down one bomber while intercepting and disorganizing the hostile formation before effective completion of its mission was accomplished. On the following day, he sent down in flames two aircraft while his men destroyed five others of a large formation of enemy bombers about to attack friendly ships off Lunga Point. Later, when a force of our bombers on an important offensive mission was intercepted by twelve fighters, Major Fontana, leading a six-plane flight, courageously engaged the attackers and sent two hostile craft hurtling into the water, thereby contributing to the disruption of the enemy attack. His unconquerable fighting spirit and valiant disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 00596 (SofN Signed October 8, 1943)
Born: at Lucca, Italy
Home Town: Sparks, Nevada

FORBUS, RAYMOND H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond H. Forbus (295132), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Battery A, Third Battalion, Tenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 7 July 1944. During a fierce enemy counterattack, Corporal Forbus observed two wounded Marines lying in an open field which was in danger of being occupied by the Japanese. Unhesitatingly leaving his covered position, he braved intense hostile machine-gun and rifle fire to go to their aid and, although seriously wounded, succeeded in effecting their rescue. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Corporal Forbus and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 9468
Born: at Ozark, Arkansas
Home Town: Hugo, Oklahoma

*FORDYCE, RALPH WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph William Fordyce (270424), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Fighting with skill and determination against three Japanese, Corporal Fordyce overpowered and killed one of them and, seizing the dead enemy's weapon, he shot and mortally wounded the others. Persisting in his daring and relentless tactics, he later charged through the entrance to a hostile dugout, attacked the occupants with a sub-machine gun, including their officer. His gallant fighting spirit and personal valor, maintained despite imminent peril to his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Cadiz, Ohio
Home Town: St. Petersburg, Florida

*FORSYTHE, HAROLD P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold P. Forsythe (540244), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a member of an Artillery Forward Observer Party serving with the Second Battalion, Fourteenth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, 15 June 1944. Fighting boldly and aggressively during a sudden bitter attack by a group of Japanese, Private First Class Forsythe fearlessly assumed an exposed position so that a wounded companion could be evacuated to the rear and, holding his ground with fierce determination, single-handedly repelled the savage assault. Relentlessly waging a lone battle against the hostile assailants, he succeeded in annihilating seventeen of the enemy before he himself was fatally wounded. Private First Class Forsythe's indomitable fighting spirit and great personal valor throughout this desperate action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 11084 (January 1, 1945)
Born: at Neenah, Wisconsin
Home Town: Neenah, Wisconsin

FOURNIER, JOSEPH A.L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph A.L. Fournier (0-13799), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company G, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, operating against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island in the Palau Group, from 15 to 19 September 1944. Boldly countering the attack of a strong hostile force penetrating our lines on 15 September, First Lieutenant Fournier repulsed the enemy and resolutely held his lines intact through the night. On the following morning he took a small patrol forward and, locating an automatic gun battery delivering enfilade fire across a strategic airfield, charged furiously, killing twenty Japanese and knocking out the deeply entrenched fortification which had been holding up the advance of an entire battalion. Determined to annihilate the enemy, he pressed through to the high ground overlooking the airdrome, seizing the position despite heavy resistance and holding it against desperate counterattack. Continuing his relentless drive into the fourth day, he persistently sought out and destroyed obstinate gun emplacements. When his battalion was again pinned down by a merciless barrage on 19 September, he braved the shattering fusillades to work forward with five others and succeeded in neutralizing the hostile firepower for approximately five hours then, reorganizing his seriously depleted force, broke through stubborn enemy defenses on a high ridge with minimum casualties executing a sharp thrust which spearheaded the battalion's advance into a fanatically defended area vital to the success of our forces. Struck down by a burst of machine-gun fire while leading the final assault, First Lieutenant Fournier, by his indomitable leadership, intrepid spirit and sustained aggressiveness through five days and our nights of bitter, unceasing hostilities, contributed essentially to the ultimate conquest of this Japanese base, and his great personal valor upheld the highest traditions of the Unites States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 00132 (February 13, 1945)

*FOX, MYLES CROSBY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Myles Crosby Fox (0-6945), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company E, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the landing assault and seizure of enemy Japanese-held Tulagi Island, British Solomon Islands, on the night of 7 - 8 August 1942. When a hostile counterattack threatened to penetrate the battalion line between E and B Companies, First Lieutenant Fox, although mortally wounded, personally directed the deployment of personnel to cover the gap. As a result of his great personal valor and skillful tactics, the enemy suffered heavy losses and their attack was repulsed. First Lieutenant Fox by his dauntless devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 909 (May 24, 1943)
Born: October 13, 1918 at New York, New York
Home Town: Stamford, Connecticut

FRANK, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Frank (0-9582), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company L, Third Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, First Provisional Marine Brigade, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 to 27 July 1944. With the combat efficiency of his command imperiled by many casualties among the officers and men, Captain Frank Exercised exceptional responsibility on behalf of his troops and repeatedly exposed himself to intense, concentrated rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire to direct the fire and tactical dispositions of his assault platoons. Skillfully and expeditiously setting up a strong defense after reaching the objective just before nightfall following a furious engagement on 25 July, he promptly established contact with another battalion on his right flank. Sustaining two vicious counterattacks during the hours of darkness, he boldly led his men in repelling the fierce onslaughts and annihilating over 200 hostile troops. Continually moving about among his front line troops and personally directing combat operations, he inspired his intrepid command to heroic effort in the execution of each hazardous mission throughout this grueling period until he was struck down by hostile fire during an extremely perilous engagement on 27 July. Later succumbing to his wounds, Captain Frank, by his forceful and determined leadership in the face of grave danger, had contributed immeasurably to the success of our sustained drive toward the recapture of this vital Japanese stronghold, and his selfless devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004197 (January 18, 1945)
Born: at Kingston, California
Home Town: Burbank, California

*FRANKLIN, WILLIAM O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William O. Franklin (0-16839), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Mortar Section Commander attached to Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 7 and 8 June 1945. Directing effective mortar fire from a bullet-swept exposed position to support his company's advance upon the tenaciously held Oruku Peninsula, First Lieutenant Franklin gallantly remained at his hazardous post despite a painful shoulder wound, until ordered to the aid station by his commanding officer. Following emergency treatment, he again returned to the front, carrying four demolition packs desperately needed to destroy strong hostile emplacements retarding the advance of his company and, resuming his perilous observation post, continued to adjust fire for the remainder of the day and night until ordered to the Division Field Hospital by his battalion surgeon. Undeterred by the pain of his wound, and determined to assist his officer-depleted company in the continuance of the attack, he voluntarily left the security of the hospital and made his way five miles back to the scene of action, arriving in time to deliver devastating preparatory fire which was instrumental in the success of the ensuing attack. First Lieutenant Franklin's great personal valor, tenacious perseverance, and indomitable fighting spirit served as an inspiration to his men and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 52032 (January 10, 1946)
Born: at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California

FRANSKO, ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Fransko (804981), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Flame Thrower Operator of Headquarters Company, First Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 27 February 1945. When his company was temporarily held up by intense fire from strongly-entrenched enemy machine guns and mortars, Private First Class Fransko dashed across forty yards of fire-swept terrain to gain access to the emplacement. Using his flame thrower, he enveloped the front entrance to the entrenchment with fire and, after killing the occupants, ran through the smoldering tunnel to come out at another entrance. After the artillery piece had been destroyed with an explosive charge, he again entered the emplacement and fired his flame thrower into various openings within. Shortly thereafter, he manned a rocket launcher and destroyed an enemy tank as it approached our lines from behind the ridge. Although wounded by hostile gunfire during this action, Private First Class Fransko, by his skillful tactics and his courage under fire, contributed materially to the overrunning of the Japanese stronghold. His conduct throughout reflects the highest credit on Private First Class Fransko and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 49793 (October 26, 1948)
Born: at Braddock, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Salem, Massachusetts

FRAZIER, KENNETH D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth D. Frazier (0-9426), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-THREE (VMF-223), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat with enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands from 20 August 1942 to 13 September 1942. Undeterred by overwhelming odds, Second Lieutenant Frazier engaged the enemy in daily combat during this critical period and by his bold and relentless tactics shot down six Japanese bombers and five Zeros, a notable contribution to the success of our forces in this vital area. His fine record of achievement and his gallant fighting spirit characterize him as an outstanding combat pilot of remarkable skill and daring, in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 01056 (SofN Signed December 22, 1943)
Born: at Florence, New Jersey
Home Town: Burlington, New Jersey

FREDERICK, EUGENE J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene J. Frederick, Jr. (805698), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a Rocket Launcher Operator while serving with Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 28 February 1945. Observing three hostile tanks holding up the advance of his company with heavy fire, Private First Class Frederick courageously and voluntarily left his covered position and ran out in the face of heavy enemy fire to within twenty yards of the tanks. From a position fully exposed to hostile fire, he destroyed two of the tanks with accurate fire and, having expended his ammunition, ran to the rear through an area infested with enemy snipers to obtain more. Upon his return, he succeeded in destroying the third Japanese tank and enabled his company to continue its advance. By his resolute courage, initiative and aggressive fighting spirit, Private First Class Frederick upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 46173 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Paterson, New Jersey
Home Town: Paterson, New Jersey

FRENCH, NELSON T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nelson T. French (294607), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company A, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces near the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 8 - 9 October 8 - 9, 1942. When his battalion moved into a defensive position along the Matanikau River, Corporal French and other members of his platoon bore the brunt of the heavy enemy assault against their hastily prepared positions. Approximately 150 Japanese, stealing through the dense jungle growth under cover of smoke, fiercely attacked the small group of Marines with automatic weapons, hand grenades, and bayonets. Fighting desperately in hand-to-hand combat against the overwhelming hostile force, Corporal French refused to be dislodged from his position and, after exacting a tremendous toll of the enemy, heroically died at his post. His indomitable fighting spirit and unyielding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 01177 (July 30, 1943)
Born: at Benton County, Tennessee
Home Town: Camden, Tennessee

FREULER, HERBERT C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert C. Freuler (0-4683), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED ELEVEN (VMF-211), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Wake Island, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the defense of Wake Island on 22 December 1941. When the meager defenses of Wake Island were threatened by two full squadrons of approaching Japanese fighter planes and dive bombers, Captain Freuler took off in company with one other friendly plane and, boldly defying the enemy's vastly superior number and firepower, gave battle with furious aggressiveness. Skillfully maneuvering in and out of the hostile formation and blazing his guns with deadly accuracy, he attacked one plane after another to destroy a total of three. Although twice wounded by Japanese gunfire and his fighter damaged by the exploding wreckage and flames of the third enemy plane as it disintegrated in the air, he persevered in his fierce harassing tactics until the Japanese formation withdrew from the field of combat. Barely able to remain aloft, he handled his shattered aircraft with superb flying skill and succeeded in returning safely to base. Stouthearted and indomitable, Captain Freuler served as a constant inspiration to his comrades and, by his dauntless fighting spirit, practical judgment and valiant determination under increasingly difficult and dangerous conditions, contributed essentially to the heroic defense of this historic Marine base. His gallant conduct in the face of impending disaster reflect the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2840 (March 29, 1946)
Born: at Oakland, California
Home Town: Orinda, California

*FRICKS, HUGH DORIAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hugh Dorian Fricks (0-11196), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Machine Gun Reconnaissance Officer, First Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 22 November 1943. Defying constant danger from enemy machine- gun and mortar fire while advancing with his battalion, First Lieutenant Fricks conducted various reconnaissances, maintained contact between forward rifle elements and went from foxhole to foxhole pointing out targets and directing machine-gun fire. Tirelessly continuing his perilous task until mortally wounded by an enemy grenade later in the action, he served as an inspiring example to his battalion in delivering a devastating blow to Japanese forces in that sector. His great personal valor, heroic self- sacrifice and brilliant leadership in the face of almost certain death reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 917 (March 24, 1944)
Born: at Memphis, Tennessee
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

FRISBIE, JULIAN N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Julian N. Frisbie (0-313), Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Commanding Officer of the Seventh Marines (Reinforced), FIRST Marine Division, serving with the SIXTH United States Army, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, from 26 December 1943 to 16 January 1944. After his regiment had made the initial landing and secured the Division beachhead in the vicinity of Borgen Bay, Colonel Frisbie, maintaining continuous pressure on the enemy, advanced the troops of his command steadily until the assigned sector was entirely secured. Although his Command Post was constantly harassed by Japanese small-arms fire, Colonel Frisbie daily traversed the front lines within the dense and treacherous jungle and, by his brilliant fearless leadership, inspired his command to such valiant effort that virtual annihilation of the 141st Japanese Regiment (Reinforced), was accomplished. Colonel Frisbie's gallant devotion to duty throughout this period was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0693 (SofN Sighted September 30, 1944)
Born: at Virdin, Illinois
Home Town: Springfield, Illinois

*FRYBARGER, RAYMOND, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond Frybarger, Jr. (284069), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. Fearlessly exposing himself to relentless enemy fire during a hostile attack on an airport, Private First Class Frybarger skillfully assisted in driving back the enemy, maintaining his effective rifle fire until he was killed in action. His valiant fighting spirit and unyielding devotion to duty were instrumental in preventing a flank movement by the enemy and contributed to the staunch defense of an important position. He gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country.
Board Serial: 750 (May 3, 1943)
Born: at Toledo, Ohio
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio

*FUFIDIO, WALTER J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Walter J. Fufidio (806012), Assistant Cook, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as a volunteer replacement from an artillery battalion serving with the Second Battalion, Thirteenth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 23 March 1945. With the entire assault company pinned down by shattering hostile shellfire emanating from a heavily fortified pillbox commanding the line of advance, Assistant Cook Fufidio fearlessly exposed himself to the enemy's withering barrage to gain an advantageous position for delivering his effective fire against the emplacement. In the absence of appropriate cover, he valiantly stood erect and, despite a severe wound received during the fierce action, manned his rifle with deadly accuracy, pouring a steady stream of neutralizing shellfire against the position which enabled infantrymen to charge and wipe out the resistance. By his daring initiative, valiant fighting spirit and dauntless perseverance maintained in the face of tremendous odds, Assistant Cook Fufidio contributed materially to the success of our forces in capturing this vital hostile stronghold and his valiant devotion to duty throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 32355 (July 12, 1945)
Born: at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

FULLER, ROBERT GREEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Green Fuller (279327), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. When the progress of his unit was retarded by heavy opposition, Private First Class Fuller, with a comrade, displayed courageous disregard for his imminent danger by attacking a heavily fortified gun emplacement from which the deadly fire was emanating. Charging forward against the withering blasts of hostile weapons, he unhesitatingly engaged the enemy in perilous hand-to-hand combat and, with the other Marine, killed all eight of the Japanese, thereby annihilating a strong and hazardous obstacle. His daring aggressiveness and valiant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Newburyport, Massachusetts
Home Town: Newburyport, Massachusetts

G

 
GABALDON, GUY L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Guy L. Gabaldon (517054), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Headquarters and Service Company, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan and Tinian, Marianas Islands, South Pacific Area, from 15 June to 1 August 1944. Acting as a Japanese Interpreter for the Second Marines, Private First Class Gabaldon displayed extreme courage and initiative in single-handedly capturing enemy civilian and military personnel during the Saipan and Tinian operations. Working alone in front of the lines, he daringly entered enemy caves, pillboxes, buildings, and jungle brush, frequently in the face of hostile fire, and succeeded in not only obtaining vital military information, but in capturing well over one thousand enemy civilians and troops. Through his valiant and distinguished exploits, Private First Class Gabaldon made an important contribution to the successful prosecution of the campaign and, through his efforts, a definite humane treatment of civilian prisoners was assured. His courageous and inspiring devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 23, 1960
Born: March 22, 1926 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*GABRIEL, WILLIARD F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Williard F. Gabriel (273256), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Member of an Advance Patrol serving with the Third Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 7 March 1945. Painfully wounded by a sudden burst of hostile shellfire emanating from a well-concealed Japanese emplacement while reconnoitering an enemy infested area several hundred yards to the front of our lines, Private First Class Gabriel voluntarily risked his life in a valiant effort to wipe out the resistance. Realizing that he alone knew the location of the strong point, he dauntlessly crawled forward and, upon raising his head to reconnoiter again, was struck a second time by the enemy. Determined to complete his perilous mission despite his waning strength, he steadfastly maintained his position, relentlessly firing his remaining rounds of ammunition and indicating the location of the emplacement before he succumbed to his wounds. By his daring initiative, unwavering perseverance and valiant fighting spirit maintained in the face of tremendous odds, Private First Class Gabriel enabled his comrades to advance and wipe out the resistance and contributed materially to the success of our sustained drive against this vital hostile stronghold. His great personal valor and self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 32445 (March 12, 1945)
Born: at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

*GAGNON, LEO M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leo M. Gagnon (281567), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Courageously disregarding the extreme personal danger involved, Private Gagnon unhesitatingly engaged three of the enemy in perilous hand-to-hand combat and fought with such tenacious determination that, although outnumbered, he was able to kill one of them. When one of the remaining two, who had taken to flight, threw a grenade at him, Private Gagnon alertly seized the bomb, tossed it back and immediately killed the Japanese, while he himself was shot and mortally wounded by the remaining enemy. Private Gagnon's valiant fighting spirit and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Miami, Florida

*GAMBINO, FRANK JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frank Joseph Gambino (860868), Assistant Cook, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader in a platoon of Company L, Third Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 3 March 1945. voluntarily undertaking the rescue of six wounded men of his platoon who lay exposed to devastating enemy fire, Assistant Cook Gambino courageously pressed forward of the front lines through cross-fire from two heavy machine guns and, laboriously crawling and dragging each wounded man back to the protection of rocks, succeeded in rescuing five of the casualties. Despite a serious leg wound received on the fifth trip, he continued his heroic efforts until he lost his life in an attempt to rescue the sixth man. By his persevering spirit, tireless effort and extreme bravery in the face of grave danger, he saved the lives of five of his fellow Marines and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34691 (January 10, 1946)
Born: at Madison, Wisconsin
Home Town: Madison, Wisconsin

GARRETSON, FRANK E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank E. Garretson (0-7639), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the attack on Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, on 1 and 2 February 1944. Although twice wounded when his company sustained heavy casualties as a result of a blockhouse explosion, Captain Garretson refused evacuation and valiantly led the remained of his forces to the Battalion objective where, in the face of heavy enemy machine-gun and rifle fire, he directed scattered elements of the landing team in the reorganization and consolidation of the position. Later, after a coordinated attack by tanks and infantry had been ordered, he intercepted the tank support which had opened fire prematurely before reaching the line of departure and, fearlessly exposing himself to fire from the Japanese and from friendly tanks, succeeded in having the word relayed to cease all tank firing and at the same time gave instructions for the tank deployment during the impending attack. By his superb performance of duty and courageous leadership, Captain Garretson inspired all with whom he served and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 2788 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: February 27, 1918 at Salem, Iowa
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

GARRETT, NOLEN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nolen M. Garrett (334563), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Section Leader in a Machine Gun Platoon of Company D, Second Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 9 March 1945. Although wounded a few moments before, Sergeant Garrett voluntarily advanced ahead of the lines in the face of heavy enemy fire to guide supporting tanks in locating furiously resisting and well-concealed Japanese emplacements. Unable to make his signals understood, he further exposed himself to hostile fire by climbing on the front of the tank and entering it through the escape hatch. Skillfully directing the tank and the two others accompanying it, he contributed materially to the success of the mission, refusing evacuation until the hostile strong point had been softened for further attacks. His courage and zealous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Garrett and the United States Naval Service.
Board Serial: 45501
Born: at Shidler, Oklahoma
Home Town: Hobbs, New Mexico

GAY, ROY M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy M. Gay (261502), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as while serving with Company D, FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. While the defensive positions were under heavy attack by strong forces of the enemy, Sergeant Gay, assisted by one other, installed the vital telephone line from the command post to the forward observation post of the Battalion Commander. Although completely exposed to heavy enemy mortar, machine gun and rifle fire, he finished the line and closed the gap in communications, enabling the Battalion Commander to maintain contact with the defending forces. His outstanding courage, skill, and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 298 (SofN Signed June 23, 1943)
Born: at Lakeland, Florida
Home Town: Fitzgerald, Georgia

GAYLE, GORDON D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon D. Gayle (0-5920), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau islands, on 15 September 1944. Immediately after repulsing a strong Japanese counterattack, Major Gayle skillfully seized the critical moment to cross the Peleliu airdrome, personally leading his Battalion in the assault over fourteen hundred yards of open ground in the face of intense hostile mortar, artillery and machine-gun fire. Although later wounded, he refused evacuation to continue his duties, thereby contributing materially to the success with which his Battalion seized and held the major portion of the airfield against fanatical enemy resistance and fierce counterattacks. His outstanding courage, devotion to duty and leadership were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00436
Born: September 13, 1917 at Tulsa, Oklahoma
Home Town: Dallas, Texas

GEHRKE, WILBUR J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur J. Gehrke (0-25086), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Machine Gun Platoon of Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 17 May 1945. Reconnoitering for machine-gun positions on the front lines during a coordinated attack on a heavily defended Japanese hill in the Naha-Shuri sector, First Lieutenant Gehrke realized the necessity of securing a vital terrain feature to the front in order for our attack to succeed and, proceeding alone ahead of our own lines in the face of hostile mortar, machine-gun and sniper fire, selected a route of approach to the enemy-held crest. Finding the ranks disorganized from the heavy hostile fire upon his return, he unhesitatingly took charge of several men and, gallantly assaulting the ridge, succeeded in holding this almost untenable position. When his company was ordered to withdraw, he again voluntarily exposed himself in a fire-swept area in order to administer first aid to a severely wounded man, subsequently carrying him to the safety of our lines. His indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 98300
Born: at Crosby, North Dakota
Home Town: Crosby, North Dakota

GEIGER, ROY STANLEY
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Roy Stanley Geiger (0-332), Major General, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commanding Officer, Aviation Units (Guadalcanal), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands from 3 September 1942 to 4 November 1942. Despite almost continuous bombardment by enemy aircraft, hostile naval gunfire and shore-based artillery, the combined total of Army, Navy and Marine Corps units stationed at Guadalcanal under Major General Geiger's efficiently coordinated command, succeeded in shooting down 286 Japanese planes in aerial combat and inflicting damage on a number estimated to be great. Aerial attacks launched under his direction destroyed 23 additional aircraft on the ground or water, sank six enemy vessels including one heavy cruiser and five light cruisers. Directing operations under hazardous conditions frequently imperiling his own life, Major General Geiger, by his tenacious fortitude and unerring devotion to duty, served as an inspiration to all the officers and men under his command.
SPOT AWARD (November 9, 1942)
Born: January 25, 1885 at Middleburg, Florida
Home Town: Green Cove Springs, New York
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI)

*GELSHENEN, MARTIN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Martin L. Gelshenen (0-32882), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Platoon Officer attached to Company F, Second Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese-held Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 3 March 1945. During an assault on a strongly held hostile position, Second Lieutenant Gelshenen led his platoon across an open field under intense Japanese artillery and small-arms fire and, reaching the base of the enemy-held cliff, quickly reorganized his platoon and commenced the ascent of the cliff under heavy enemy opposition. As he led his platoon up through numerous ravines, the Japanese fired an intense barrage of various caliber weapons, inflicting heavy casualties on the platoon. Undeterred by the savage opposition, he reorganized his depleted force for continuing the advance to the summit, and while so doing was severely wounded by shrapnel. Refusing to be evacuated despite serious loss of blood, he led his platoon on through newly chosen approaches, routing the Japanese and advancing to the crest. Mortally wounded by hostile small-arms fire while attempting to establish contact with the units on his flanks, Second Lieutenant Gelshenen, by his indomitable courage in the face of grave danger, had rendered valiant service and his conduct throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 35229 (October 4, 1945)
Born: at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

*GERST, JAMES L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James L. Gerst (304095), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Scout Sergeant in an Artillery Forward Observation Party attached to the Third Battalion, Tenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 27 November 1943. While his company was engaged in close-range, bitter fighting with the enemy, Sergeant Gerst organized a group of men, courageously advanced under a constant hail of intense hostile shellfire and evacuated wounded men to the rear. During the intense fighting, he obtained a rifle, charged forward of the front lines and succeeded in killing Japanese snipers who were inflicting heavy casualties on his forces and obstructing evacuation operations. Fearlessly risking his life in an attempt to rescue four wounded men from a direct line of hostile fire, Sergeant Gerst was mortally wounded. His great personal valor, brilliant leadership and self-sacrificing efforts directly contributed to the saving of many lives and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Board Serial: 917 (March 24, 1944)
Born: at Attalla, Alabama
Home Town: Bessemer, Alabama

GERYCZ, STEVE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Steve Gerycz (353569), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader of Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau islands, from 15 to 18 September 1944. When the advance of his company was halted by fire from a hostile pillbox on the morning of 15 September, Sergeant Gerycz boldly rushed forward and charged the enemy position with grenades and sub-machine gun fire which killed twelve Japanese emplaced in the position. On the following day, when his company's attack was held up, he courageously attacked a strong fortification with grenades and sub-machine gun fire which annihilated twenty-three of the enemy and reduced the hostile emplacement. Although wounded on 18 September, Sergeant Gerycz steadfastly refused to be evacuated and continued to lead his squad until ordered to the rear by his Platoon Leader. His daring initiative, fortitude and aggressive fighting spirit throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00435
Born: at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Dinckney, Michigan

GILBERT, CLIFFORD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifford R. Gilbert (321916), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Front Line Telephone Operator and Runner of Company K, Third Battalion, Twenty-second Marines (Reinforced), Fifth Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Eniwetok Island, Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, on 20 February 1944. During a counterattack when all the men around him were killed or wounded, including his Commanding Officer and Platoon Leader, Private First Class Gilbert continued to operate his power phone, the only means of communication between the front lines and the Company Command Post. Observing other men falling back under the fierceness of the counterattack, he used every means at his command to induce his comrades to hold their positions, the extremity of his efforts being directly responsible for the holding of the front lines and the ultimate annihilation of the enemy. In addition, he located the position of the main Japanese force, relaying this information to the front line units and to the Company Command Post, helped replenish ammunition, treated the wounded and directed the fire of supporting tanks. His gallant fighting spirit, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 02476
Born: at Garden Valley, Texas
Home Town: Dallas, Texas

GILL, RICHARD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard R. Gill (878129), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Fire Team Leader of Company C, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 20 June 1945. Pinned down with his platoon by heavy machine-gun and sniper fire, Private First Class Gill voluntarily took his fire team forward and maneuvered to the rear of the source of the hostile fire. Leaving his team, he advanced alone to the enemy machine-gun position, killed the defending Japanese and destroyed the weapon. When a second machine gun opened fire, he charged the hostile emplacement and succeeded in killing five of the enemy and neutralizing the position, thereby permitting his platoon to complete its advance. His initiative, indomitable fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty reflect the highest credit on Private First Class Gill and the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 79496 (November 30, 1948)
Born: at Greeley, Colorado
Home Town: Manistique, Michigan

GILLILAND, THEODORE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore B. Gilliland (377857), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company B, Fourth Tank Battalion, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Namur, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, 1 February 1944. When a group of the enemy attacked the exposed crew of a disabled tank, Sergeant Gilliland promptly maneuvered to an open position in order to protect the crew and boldly attracted the attention of the Japanese with hand grenades and rifle fire, bravely continuing this hazardous action despite a constant stream of hostile fire until he and another man had killed twenty-eight of the enemy and taken two as prisoners. His aggressive spirit, cool courage and daring tactics reflect the highest credit upon Sergeant Gilliland and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 3025
Born: at Mendon, Ohio
Home Town: Dayton, Ohio

*GIVENS, WARREN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Warren L. Givens (350004), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu and Tanambogo, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. While participating in dangerous landings on islands under hostile control, Private First Class Givens, with courageous disregard for his own safety, relentlessly operated his Lewis machine gun in the face of intense opposition. When the weapon jammed, he seized a rifle and, although weak and suffering from severe wounds, displayed tenacious determination in maintaining continuous fire against the enemy and later succumbed to his fatal injuries. Private First Class Given's valiant fighting spirit and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: at Dallas, Texas
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

GLENN, ROBERT S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert S. Glenn (0-25988), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Naval Gunfire Forward Observer of the Third Joint Assault Signal Company, Headquarters Battalion, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 25 February 1945. When an assault company near his station came under intense hostile fire which killed or wounded all the officers present and disorganized the remainder of the personnel, First Lieutenant Glenn rose to his feet under continuing fire and encouraged the men to remain in position. Then, reorganizing the troops, he personally sited the remaining infantry weapons and assumed command. With the group completely isolated by enemy fire and unable to communicate with higher echelons, First Lieutenant Glenn repeatedly exposed himself to hostile fire to maintain his men as an effective combat unit. At nightfall, by means of his naval gunfire radio, he reestablished communications with the command post and secured assistance and reinforcements. By his courage and personal example, First Lieutenant Glenn saved a difficult situation, prevented the loss of hard-won ground and materially contributed to the success of the day's action. His gallant fighting spirit was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 65644 (SofN Signed January 22, 1948)
Born: at Greensboro, North Carolina
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

GLIDDEN, ELMER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elmer Glidden (0-6383), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Division Commander and a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 and 5 June 1942. When his Squadron Commander was shot down during the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Captain Glidden, in leading his division, dived his own plane to the dangerously low altitude of five hundred feet before releasing his bomb. Directed by his Squadron Commander to assume the lead of six planes on the night of 4 June, he brought them safely back to their base despite extremely hazardous weather conditions and total darkness. The following day, after less than four hours' sleep, he led a section in a dive-bombing assault against a stricken Japanese battleship and, under tremendous fire from anti-aircraft batteries, inflicted serious damage on the vessel. His courageous initiative and conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: December 1, 1915 at Hyde Park, Massachusetts
Home Town: West Roxbury, Massachusetts
Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

GLIDDEN, ELMER
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Elmer Glidden (0-6383), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-ONE (VMSB-231), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Guadalcanal Area of the Solomons Islands from 30 August 1942 to 15 October 1942. In addition to almost daily participation in dangerous scouting and patrolling missions as far as 250 miles from his base at Guadalcanal Island, Captain Glidden, with courageous disregard for his own safety, led numerous flight missions in aggressive attacks on valuable enemy objectives. On two occasions, he led a division of planes in devastating raids on enemy landing boats at Santa Isabel and San Jorge islands, leaving practically all of the thirty-four boats at the former objective useless to the Japanese. In five other flights he struck smashing blows on two cruisers and six destroyers near Guadalcanal, inflicting severe damage on hostile installations at Cape Esperance, and demolished enemy buildings and strafed personnel at Visale Mission. His brilliant leadership, superb flying skill, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 821 (SofN Signed September 28, 1943)
Born: December 1, 1915 at Hyde Park, Massachusetts
Home Town: West Roxbury, Massachusetts
Other Award: Navy Cross (WWII)

GODWIN, EDWARD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward R. Godwin (265510), Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company E, Second Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. When his Platoon leader was seriously wounded after landing inside the boundaries of an enemy strong point which dominated the entire bay area, Sergeant Godwin immediately assumed command and, despite intense, persistent hostile fire and the complete absence of communication with friendly troops, courageously led his men to establish an isolated position in a crater located among Japanese emplacements. By his coolness and sound judgment, he enabled the platoon to repel repeated enemy bayonet attacks from three directions, skillfully administering first aid to the wounded and refusing for two days to withdraw to friendly lines although suffering an injury to his shoulder. Sergeant Godwin's splendid initiative, inspiring leadership and indomitable fighting spirit were vital factors in sustaining the morale of his men and were in keeping with highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647
Born: at Smithdale, Mississippi
Home Town: Vicksburg, Mississippi

*GOFF, HERBERT B., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Herbert B. Goff, Jr. (364627), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Squad Leader serving with Company B, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island, Palau Group, on 15 September 1944. with his platoon pinned down by cross-fire from two machine guns during a particularly hazardous advance through deep jungle terrain, Corporal Goff boldly faced the withering barrage in a determined effort to outflank the Japanese opposing troops and, skillfully disposing his men for maximum effectiveness, fearlessly led them in a determined attack. Aware that the fire of his squad was insufficient to neutralize the heavily fortified emplacement, he pressed forward alone and, armed only with grenades and a submachine gun, succeeded in silencing the hostile weapon and annihilating the crew before he was fatally struck down by enemy fire. By his inspiring leadership, daring initiative and great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, Corporal Goff enabled his platoon to complete and extremely vital mission with a minimum of casualties, and his outstanding devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0032 (January 25, 1945)
Born: at West View, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Attleboro, Massachusetts

*GOFF, WILLIAM A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William A. Goff (465828), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Demolitions Man of Company G, Third Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 19 and 20 February 1945. Separated from his squad upon landing on D-Day and working entirely upon his own initiative, Private First Class Goff destroyed two hostile pillboxes with the limited explosives he carried. Although painfully wounded while destroying the second pillbox, he refused to go to the Battalion Aid Station upon rejoining his squad the following morning and continued with the squad in the assault. When two more enemy pillboxes halted his platoon's advance, he crawled toward them amidst heavy hostile small-arms fire and, after throwing several hand grenades through the fire ports of the first one, placed a demolition charge which completely destroyed the emplacement. Again wounded while repeating the performance on the second pillbox, he remained long enough to place a charge and ignite it, thereby destroying the pillbox and enabling his platoon to advance successfully. His outstanding courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 43822 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: at Adams, Indiana
Home Town: Bellwood, Illinois

GOHEEN, RICHARD R. P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard R. P. Goheen (0-18851), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader of Company E, Second Battalion, Fourth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, from 19 to 21 May 1945. Although wounded in the right side by a mortar fragment during combat with the Japanese on 19 May, First Lieutenant Goheen refused immediate treatment until his platoon had gained a more advantageous position. When finally evacuated to the Battalion Aid Station, he gave invaluable information to the Battalion Commander concerning strongly defended cave emplacements facing his Company. Despite his painful wound, he insisted on returning to his platoon the following day and, while courageously leading his men in a daring assault against a key ridge position on 21 May, was wounded in the face and leg by an enemy hand grenade. Aware of the critical phase of the battle, he again refused to be evacuated and, in the face of intense machine-gun, mortar and grenade fire, continued to lead his platoon in the assault for four hours, thereby making possible the capture of this advantageous terrain. His courage and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 86000 (June 3, 1948)
Born: at Venguria, India
Home Town: Princeton, New Jersey

GOLDMAN, JAMES F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James F. Goldman (335193), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as an Automatic Rifleman of Company I, Third Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert islands, from 20 to 24 November 1943. Fearlessly countering bitter enemy resistance, Private First Class Goldman climbed to the turret of a supporting tank when no other means of controlling the tank's fire were available and directed its guns against strong Japanese installations. Constantly exposed to heavy hostile fire, he continued for a period of almost thirty minutes with this hazardous task until the enemy resistance was reduced. His indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Goldman and the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 01489
Born: at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Slidell, Louisiana

GOSLIN, VICTOR E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Victor E. Goslin (484051), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Squad Leader in a Rifle Platoon of Company C, First Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 10 May 1945. Successfully leading his squad in the assault on a heavily defended hostile position with a minimum of casualties, Corporal Goslin personally accounted for three of the Japanese during the action. When the enemy counterattacked that night, he formed his squad on a higher position in order to defend his assigned area more easily and, in the course of the ensuing battle, annihilated fifteen additional hostile soldiers. Quick to act when an enemy grenade was thrown at his foxhole on one occasion, he courageously deflected the grenade with his hand, undoubtedly saving the lives of his companions. By his gallant fighting spirit, leadership and devotion to duty, he contributed materially to our success in attaining the objective, and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 98300
Born: at Ashland, Maine
Home Town: Ashland, Maine

GOSS, ANGUS R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Angus R. Goss (0-19299), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a detachment of the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi, Solomon Islands, on 10 August 1942. Although severely wounded by the explosion of a grenade thrown by the enemy, gunnery Sergeant Goss, in the face of machine-gun and rifle fire, charged into the cave where a hostile machine gun and snipers were entrenched and, single-handed, destroyed the Japanese with a sub-machine gun. His indomitable fighting spirit and extreme courage undoubtedly saved the lives of other members of his detachment and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on October 8, 1943
Born: January 8, 1910 at Tampa, Florida
Home Town: Tampa, Florida

*GOVEL, ANDREW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Andrew Govel (325129), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, 7 January 1944. Private First Class Govel was among those who pressed forward under shattering enemy fire when the rest of the company was pinned down by enemy machine-gun and sniper fire while making an envelopment of the enemy right flank. Realizing that his squad could neither advance nor withdraw to safety without severe loss, Private First Class Govel unhesitatingly placed himself in an exposed position and fired his Browning Automatic Rifle at the enemy, thereby drawing concentrated enemy fire to himself until he fell, mortally wounded. His cool courage in the face of certain death enabled his squad to withdraw without casualties and gave supreme evidence of his staunch devotion to duty. Private First Class Govel's action was one of extraordinary valor and reflects the highest credit on the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 1291 (SofN Signed September 13, 1944)
Born: at Albany, New York
Home Town: Albany, New York

*GRADY, GEORGE F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George F. Grady (268414), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the FIRST Parachute Battalion, FIRST Marine Division, during the assault on enemy Japanese forces at Gavutu, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Although fully aware that his weapon was not functioning, Private First Class Grady unhesitatingly rushed three of the enemy who were firing on members of his squad and engaged them in perilous hand-to-hand combat. By his tenacious determination and physical endurance, he overpowered and killed two Japanese before he himself was mortally wounded. Private First Class Grady's outstanding courage and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, South Pacific: Serial 1113 (SofN Signed December 4, 1943)
Born: April 28, 1920 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

*GRAHAM, HUGH E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Hugh E. Graham, Jr. (323303), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Fire Team serving with the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 18 September 1944. When his squad leader assumed command of the platoon, Corporal Graham unhesitatingly took charge of the squad and led his men through an intense barrage of hostile rifle, mortar and machine-gun fire in a bitter assault against strongly fortified enemy trenches. Fiercely hurling hand grenades, he succeeded in annihilating a Japanese mortar and its crew, then fearlessly leaped into a trench and engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat, inspiring his men to follow in a vigorous attack against the hostile position. Although mortally wounded during the violent close-in fighting which ensured, Corporal Graham steadfastly continued to direct his unit throughout the assault, insuring the complete destruction of the entire enemy objective before he succumbed to his wounds. His daring initiative and great personal courage in the face of grave peril were an inspiration to all his comrades, and his valiant conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 004438 (January 18, 1945)
Born: at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio

*GRASSI, EVERETT B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Everett B. Grassi (535889), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member of a Machine Gun Squad in a platoon of Company L, Third Battalion, Fourth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 2 April 1945. With his squad leader wounded and his platoon's advance disrupted by intense enemy small-arms fire, Private First Class Grassi unhesitatingly assumed command of the unit and, leading his men forward to an advantageous firing position, delivered extremely accurate streams of machine-gun bullets upon the fanatic Japanese. Quick to act when two of his comrades were seriously wounded, he boldly proceeded to one of the Marines and succeeded in removing him to the comparative safety of a shell hole. Although painfully wounded as he returned to rescue the second man, Private First Class Grassi stubbornly continued to make his way forward until he was again struck by hostile fire and fatally wounded. By his indomitable fighting spirit, daring initiative and gallant concern for the welfare of others, he saved the life of a man who otherwise might have perished, and contributed to the success of his company's offensive. His heroic conduct and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of certain peril were an inspiration to those with home he served and reflect the highest credit upon Private First Class Grassi and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 36922 (November 8, 1945)
Born: at New Rochelle, New York
Home Town: Englewood, New Jersey

*GRATZEK, THOMAS J. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas J. Gratzek (0-7506), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (VMSB-241), Marine Air Group TWENTY-TWO (MAG-22), Naval Air Station, Midway, during operations of the U.S. Naval and Marine Forces against the invading Japanese Fleet during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. During the initial attack upon an enemy aircraft carrier, Second Lieutenant Gratzek, in the face of withering fire from Japanese fighter guns and anti-aircraft batteries, dived his plane to a perilously low altitude before releasing his bomb. Since he failed to return to his base and is missing in action, there can be no doubt, under conditions attendant to the Battle of Midway, that he gave up his life in the defense of his country. His cool courage and conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on November 10, 1942
Born: at St Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota

*GRAVITT, JOHN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John C. Gravitt (0-19349), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while serving as a Platoon Leader attached to Company I, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, 28 September 1944. Skillfully leading his platoon in defense of a sector of the front lines vital to the success of the mission assigned his company, First Lieutenant Gravitt constantly exposed himself to heavy enemy machine-gun and rifle fire in order to direct the fire of his unit against the fortified hostile emplacements. Observing a group of Japanese moving to a new location and aware that their fire from this point would imperil an adjacent unit and render his own position on a barren ridge untenable, he unhesitatingly seized and automatic rifle from one of his men and, courageously making his way forward to an open area, delivered intense, accurate fire on the enemy group until he was mortally wounded. By his inspiring leadership and dauntless fighting spirit in the face of grave danger, First Lieutenant Gravitt enabled his platoon to locate and destroy the Japanese troops, and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0123 (February 1, 1945)
Born: at Prague, Oklahoma
Home Town: Lovelland, Texas

*GRAY, PHILIP R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Philip R. Gray (0-10717), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of a Rifle Platoon, attached to Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 28 February 1945. With the forward assault elements pinned down by shattering hostile mortar, artillery and small-arms fire during a sustained drive to seize heavily fortified Hill 362, Captain Gray voluntarily left his position in the observation post and advanced under the withering barrage to the base platoon. After making a quick reconnaissance of the situation, he rallied his weary, depleted units and, despite a serious shrapnel wound received earlier in the action, decided to lead his men in a final, desperate attempt to seize the strong point. With approaches to the objective closely guarded by a fanatic, determined enemy deeply entrenched in rocky ridges and caves, he pushed his relentless advance up the open, gun-studded slopes, stormed the heights of this vitally strategic hill and succeeded in overrunning the position before nightfall. Again voluntarily exposing himself to the enemy's incessant sniper and mortar fire, he moved forward in an effort to consolidate his company lines for night security and, while carrying out his perilous mission, was fatally struck down by a bursting shell. A brilliant and inspiring leader, Captain Gray, by his tenacious perseverance, outstanding fortitude and undaunted valor maintained in the face of tremendous odds, contributed materially to the success of the Iwo Jima Campaign and his self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 32430 (July 12, 1945)
Born: at Buckingham, Colorado
Home Town: Cottage Grove, Oregon

*GRAY, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert L. Gray (349737), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with a platoon of Company K, Third Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 9 January 1944. With a large number of men in his platoon casualties and the rest pinned down by heavy rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire, during a coordinated attack on a hostile jungle ridge, Private Gray, hearing the order to assault, unhesitatingly charge up the hill, killed at least two of the Japanese and destroyed a machine gun before he himself was mortally wounded by enemy fire. His cool courage, spirit of self-sacrifice and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0940 (SofN Signed October 14, 1946)
Born: at Hutchinson, Kansas
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*GRAY, STEVEN THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Steven Thomas Gray (338060), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a member of a Point Platoon of Company F, Second Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 30 December 1943. In company with another member of a platoon, Private Gray held the most advanced point of his platoon and, by his daring initiative, was largely responsible for repelling two charges by the enemy. Although out of ammunition following the second assault, he boldly rushed forward about fifteen yards to charge a hostile pillbox from which the enemy had been supporting their counterattacks by machine-gun fire and, quickly throwing a hand grenade, destroyed thirteen of the Japanese force. Private Gray's exceptional courage and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 0692 (SofN Signed July 21, 1944)
Born: at Belzoni, Mississippi
Home Town: Belzoni, Mississippi

*GRAZER, GEORGE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George H. Grazier (368895), Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty as a Platoon Runner with the First Platoon of Company A, First Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 19 August 1942. Participating in a patrol near the village of Papangu, Private Grazer, when a hostile automatic weapon pinned two squads of Marines to the ground, boldly ran out on an exposed beach in order to bring his own fire to bear on the enemy and was killed in the attempt. His courageous initiative and complete disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 19 (SofN Approved April 6, 1943)
Born: at State College, Pennsylvania
Home Town: State College, Pennsylvania

GREEN, CHARLES EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Edward Green (263258), Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company M, Third Battalion, Twenty-second Marines (Reinforced), Fifth Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Marshall Islands, on 20 February 1944. When a counterattack by a strong force of the Japanese threatened the complete annihilation of the personnel of his Battalion Command Post, Platoon Sergeant Green quickly placed heavy fire from a Browning automatic rifle on the enemy and succeeded in halting the attack long enough to permit the hasty organization of a small force of Command Post personnel to strike the Japanese from the flank. Although wounded in this action, he continued to hold his post and delivered fire until the enemy was completely annihilated. By his forceful initiative and courage, he upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 02476
Born: at Green, South Carolina
Home Town: Carlsbad, California

*GREEN, DANIEL M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Daniel M. Green (547167), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with Company F, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Islands, 4 May 1945. Joining in an attack against a strongly-held enemy position, Private First Class Green fearlessly advanced upon two pillboxes, blasting and destroying both emplacements and fourteen of the enemy therein. Then, relentlessly continuing the attack with his company, he entered a hostile village and killed ten more Japanese, thereby aiding materially in the seizure of his company's objective. Cool and courageous, he constantly exposed himself to the deadly fusillades as he maintained a stead y stream of accurate fire upon the Japanese, persevering in his determined efforts until he fell, mortally wounded by a vicious burst from hostile guns. An indomitable fighter, Private First Class Green, by his dauntless initiative and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds, had rendered valiant service and his conduct throughout he bitter conflict was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 032472 (November 15, 1945)
Born: at Houston, Texas
Home Town: Houston, Texas

*GREEN, JAMES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James H. Green (0-32885), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as a Platoon Leader attached to Company G, Third Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 16 April 1945. When the assault elements of his company were halted and communications disrupted by the pounding barrages from a 4.7 naval gun emplaced four hundred yards to the front and extremely heavy flanking machine-gun and mortar fire, with resultant severe casualties to our attacking forces, Second Lieutenant Green gallantly placed himself at the head of his reserve platoon in a desperate attempt to destroy the sources of the smashing gunfire and, braving the fierce concentrations directed at him, knocked out three Japanese machine guns with accurately hurled grenades, thereby enabling his men to advance upon the entrenched enemy. Inspired by his heroic actions, his troops unhesitatingly followed their dauntless leader in the fierce assault that followed to demolish ten hostile machine-gun positions, destroy the 4.7 naval gun and kill and estimated fifty Japanese soldiers. Although mortally wounded during the final stages of the furious onslaught, Second Lieutenant Green, by his exemplary courage, aggressive leadership and unflagging devotion to duty, contributed materially to the successful seizure of this final organized enemy position on Motobu Peninsula, and his conduct throughout reflects great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 52321 (January 17, 1946)
Born: at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Riverside, Illinois

GREENE, EDGAR C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edgar C. Greene (0-25592), First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of a Rifle Platoon, attached to Company E, Second Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain, 17 May 1945. Assigned the mission of enveloping and assaulting from the rear the bitterly contested Sugar Loaf Hill position which constituted the left-flank anchor-point of the enemy's strong Naha-Shuri defense line, First Lieutenant Greene determined to advance his platoon through a railway cut. Quickly outlining the boldly conceived plan to his men, he fearlessly took the lead in this daring maneuver and moved into the cut where his platoon was suddenly assailed by a tremendous concentration of deadly mortar, machine-gun and small-arms fire pouring down from three sides. Trapped in this position with two of his squads and separated from friendly lines, he staunchly disregarded painful wounds sustained in the savage onslaught and further exposed himself to the blasting fury of sustained enemy gunfire to reorganize his squads and, skillfully directing the defense of his extremely vulnerable position, fiercely repelled all attempts of the Japanese to close in. ordered to withdraw under cover of darkness, he held indomitably until nightfall when he rallied his weary fighters and supervised their orderly withdrawal until he himself was forced to fall out as a result of his weakened condition. Deeply concerned for the welfare of his men, he ordered them to continue without him and remained alone in the exposed area throughout the night until evacuated by a friendly tank the following morning. By his dauntless leadership, sustained valor and self-sacrificing devotion to duty under critical combat conditions, First Lieutenant Greene upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 98300 (SofN Signed May 15, 1946)
Born: at Beaumont, Texas
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

GRIBBIN, THOMAS A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas A. Gribbin (0-32741), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Pilot in Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWENTY-FOUR (VMF-224), Marine Air Group THIRTY-ONE (MAG-31), FOURTH Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima, on 4 May 1945. Fearlessly diving through an intense anti-aircraft barrage to attack an enemy plane attempting a suicide run on a friendly destroyer, Second Lieutenant Gribbin pressed home a vigorous attack on the hostile plane and, by his superb airmanship, destroyed it fifty feet from the ship and thereby saved the destroyer from probable destruction. His initiative, intrepid spirit and courageous devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, Amphibious Forces: Serial 00693 (SofN Signed January 26, 1948)
Born: January 26, 1924 at Glen Cove, New York
Home Town: Glen Cove, New York

*GRIFFIN, WILLIAM A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William A. Griffin (473702), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Twenty-Third Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 15 June 1944. With his squad pinned down by shattering automatic and small-arms fire emanating from a strongly held hostile position immediately after landing on the beach on D-Day, Private First Class Griffin voluntarily risked his life in a valiant attempt to wipe out the entrenchment. Seizing his automatic rifle, he boldly pressed forward through the withering barrage, delivering a steady stream of bullets into the Japanese emplacement as he advanced across the open, fire-swept terrain then, fearlessly leaping into the trench, fought a furious single-handed battle with fifteen Japanese soldiers, killing every man in the immediate vicinity and enabling his unit to continue the assault. Mortally wounded during the bitter engagement, Private First Class Griffin, by his daring initiative, great personal valor and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of almost certain death, had contributed materially to the saving of many lives and to the success of our operations against this heavily fortified hostile stronghold. His self-sacrificing devotion to duty throughout reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 13017 (May 10, 1945)
Born: at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

GRIFFITH, SAMUEL B., II
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel B. Griffith, II (0-4436), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while leading the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Matanikau, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 27 September 1942. With the only other field officer of the battalion killed that morning, and with his men greatly outnumbered and almost completely surrounded by the enemy, Lieutenant Colonel Griffith moved forward to a position where he could reconnoiter the ground in front of him, in order to effectively employ the troops and weapons under his command. While on this mission, he was painfully wounded by an enemy sniper bullet. Refusing to relinquish command of his troops or leave them without a field officer to control the situation, he returned to his post and personally directed the movements of the battalion throughout the remainder of the afternoon. Later, when relieved by a superior officer, he was finally evacuated to a hospital. By his outstanding leadership, great personal courage, and utter disregard for his own safety in a desperate situation, he maintained the confidence of his subordinate officers and the morale of his troops who fought valorously throughout the remainder of the day. By his dauntless leadership, sustained valor and self-sacrificing devotion to duty under critical combat conditions, Lieutenant Colonel Griffith upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Serial 298 (SofN Signed June 23, 1943)
Born: at Lewistown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Frankfort, Kentucky
Other Award: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII)

GRISSIM, WILLIAM H., III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William H. Grissim, III (0-22077), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as an Artillery Forward Observer, while attached to the Second Battalion, Twelfth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, Third Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Asan-Adelup Beachhead, Guam, Marianas islands, on the night of 21 - 22 July 1944. Advancing to a location atop a small hill, Second Lieutenant Grissim directed our artillery fire in the face of intense opposition from enemy rifles, mortars, machine guns and grenades. Despite two wounds sustained in this action, he stood his ground and, calling fire down upon himself on more than one occasion in order to direct our fire against the hostile troops in his immediate vicinity, assisted the infantry in maintaining their position and in repelling four counterattacks. His professional skill, courage and devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 00437 (SofN Signed July 9, 1947)
Born: at Lebanon, Tennessee
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee

GROSS, JOHN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John M. Gross (356609), Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Radio Operator for the Assault Regimental Commander of the Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 and 21 November 1943. When a scant foothold had been gained on the beach and the Regimental Command Post temporarily established under the Betio Pier in the face of heavy, persistent enemy fire, Private First Class Gross skillfully installed and operated his vital radio equipment as the only means of communication available to the Landing Force Commander and, courageously refusing to take cover from the intense Japanese machine-gun and sniper fire which hit all around him and destroyed one radio antennae, steadfastly remained at his post throughout the critical stages of the Tarawa Operation. Private First Class Gross's expert technical ability, great personal valor and tenacious devotion to duty under extremely perilous conditions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 0647 (SofN Approved January 26, 1948)
Born: at Algoma, Wisconsin
Home Town: Racine, Wisconsin

*GROSSI, DOMINICK J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dominick J. Grossi (0-36882), Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Leader of an Assault Platoon attached to Company K, Third Battalion, Twenty-First Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the seizure of Iwo Jima, in the Volcano Islands, on 24 February 1945. Penetrating one of the most heavily fortified Japanese positions on Iwo Jima in an attempt to cut across Motoyama Airfield Number Two and capture the commanding ridge, Second Lieutenant Grossi and his men maneuvered the approach to the airstrip with adroit tactical skill and, disregarding the pounding barrage of mortars and field pieces, the merciless cross-fire of machine guns and rifles and the shattering concussions of grenades hurtling through the air and exploding close by, surged across the heavily mined sands dotted with buried pillboxes. Determined to gain his objective and refusing to yield to the overwhelming volume of hostile fire, Second Lieutenant Grossi led his unit against the Japanese with dauntless courage, slashing right and left with his bayonet, thrusting grenades into massive emplacements sunk in the sands, dropping them behind rocks, sweeping aside the enemy, holding desperately and fighting furiously in hand-to-hand engagements as he smashed through a sector swarming with Japanese to gain the fifty foot ridge on the opposite side of the airstrip after approximately ninety minutes of savage conflict. When a strong enemy counterattack forced him to yield the newly-won position, he promptly and effectively reorganized the twelve men remaining in his unit, led the stouthearted group in a fierce bayonet and grenade charge and reoccupied the vital hill. By his aggressive initiative, bold tactics and indomitable spirit during a critical phase of the assault, Second Lieutenant Grossi aided materially in the subsequent capture of the entire airfield and contributed essentially to the success of his Company's operations against this fanatically defended outpost of the Japanese Empire. His inspiring leadership and great personal valor in the face of tremendous opposition reflect the highest credit upon himself and upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 34403 (August 23, 1945)
Born: at Lockport, New York
Home Town: Lockport, New York

GROVE, ROBERT WOODROW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Woodrow Grove (306455), Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gunner in Company I, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 27 December 1943. When a numerically superior enemy force attacked the positions of his company and succeeded in penetrating the lines, Corporal Grove courageously led a squad of men to the point of the break-through and, armed with his own sub-machine gun and that of one of his casualties, fearlessly charged a light and heavy Japanese machine gun, destroying or wounding the crews of both and capturing the valuable weapons. Corporal Grove's valiant conduct and inspiring leadership contributed materially to the success of our forces in repulsing the hostile attack and re-establishing the lines and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0689 (SofN Signed September 30, 1944)
Born: at Spencer, Tennessee
Home Town: Pikeville, Tennessee

GUILANO, GUISEPPE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Guiseppe Guilano, Jr. (258163), Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as Gunnery Sergeant of a Machine-Gun Platoon in Company H, Second Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces near the village of Sumeru on the Japanese-held island of new Britain, on 30 December 1943. Determined and aggressive in meeting repeated hostile attacks on our defensive lines in the vicinity of Sumeru Village, gunnery Sergeant Guilano unhesitatingly charged a gun position captured by the enemy and, firing steadily from a machine gun carried in his arms as he advanced, forced the Japanese from their seized emplacement and resolutely manned the recaptured automatic weapon until relieved by another gunner. Later, when his platoon leader was killed by hostile fire, he immediately assumed command and reorganized the unit, skillfully directing its fire and aiding materially in the repulse and annihilation of the enemy assault force. Although suffering from multiple wounds inflicted by Japanese hand grenades during the action, Gunnery Sergeant Guilano remained steadfast at his post throughout the fierce engagement and, by his daring initiative and unwavering devotion to duty, inspired not only his own platoon but infantry troops in the vicinity to heroic efforts which resulted in the destruction of over one hundred and twenty Japanese. His exceptional gallantry in action was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
SPOT AWARD, Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 02082 (SofN Signed November 29, 1944)
Born: at Mansfield, Massachusetts
Home Town: Mansfield, Massachusetts

 

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