Military Times NOW hosts the HomeOfHeroes  Awards & Citations Database

 

Stories of American Heroes - Brought to you from the "Home of Heroes" - Pueblo, Colorado

Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

 C 

 D 

E - F

G - H 

I - J

K - L

 M 

N - O

P - Q

 R 

 S 

T - U

V - Z

S

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

*SACHS, BENJAMIN (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Benjamin Sachs, Chief Yeoman, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Escort Carrier U.S.S. LISCOME BAY (CVE-56), in action against the enemy when that vessel was sunk near Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands on 24 November 1943. When the U.S.S. LISCOME BAY was struck by a torpedo, Chief Yeoman Sachs observed an officer lying prone on the deck and partially covered with debris. Disregarding his own safety, he removed the debris, revived his shipmate and led the way through the only possible escape route. Then he fastened a life preserver to the officer's body and assisted him over the side. The conduct of Chief Yeoman Sachs throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: November 10, 1911 at Stawiski, Poland
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

SACKETT, EARL L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Earl L. Sackett, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Submarine Tender U.S.S. CANOPUS (AS-9), in action at Cavite Naval Yard in the Philippine Islands, and subsequently in the defense of Manila Bay, during the period 7 December 1942 through 9 April 1942. Commander Sackett participated in operations of strategic importance involving hazardous missions, while exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by Japanese air forces. Lieutenant Commander Davis' inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: March 29, 1898 at Bancroft, Nebraska
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

SADLER, DANIEL, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel Sadler, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sadler and the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 25, 1921 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

SALLENGER, ASBURY HILLIARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Asbury Hilliard Sallenger, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron ONE (VC-1), embarked from the U.S.S. CARD (CVE-11), during an attack on two enemy submarines near the Flores Islands in the North Atlantic, on 7 August 1943. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sallenger, though unaided by support from other aircraft and while under intense anti-aircraft fire from both surfaced enemy submarines which he had sighted, made an exceptionally accurate depth-bombing attack, leaving one submarine badly damaged and smoking heavily. After making his first attack, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sallenger remained in the vicinity of the submarines to direct relief planes to the scene. As the one undamaged U-boat began to submerge, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sallenger immediately made a second attack which necessitated an approach at reduced speed close aboard to and through the heavy screen of antiaircraft fire put up by the damaged submarine. Despite the difficulty of his approach, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sallenger reached a favorable release point and attacked the now submerged second submarine. On completion of this second attack, with all depth bombs expended, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sallenger remained in close proximity to the damaged submarine until relief planes arrived and completed its destruction. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: August 21, 1917 at Florence, South Carolina
Home Town: Florence, South Carolina

SAMARAS, THOMAS DIMITRI
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Dimitri Samaras, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against Japanese forces on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SAMPSELL, BRUCE EMMETT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bruce Emmett Sampsell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sulu Sea in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: September 27, 1919 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

SANBORN, FRANCIS R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis R. Sanborn, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIVE (VT-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Ensign Sanborn's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: November 10, 1918 at Traverse City, Michigan
Home Town: Traverse City, Michigan

SANDBURG, DONALD L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald L. Sandburg, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 21 February 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Sandburg undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SANDERS, LEWIS BEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis Ben Sanders, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VT-21), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 14, 1917 at Irwin, Nebraska
Home Town: Merriman, Nebraska

SANDERS, WILLIAM HENRY, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Henry Sanders, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. AARON WARD (DD-483), in action against the enemy on 3 May 1945, while deployed off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands on 3 May 1945. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SANDS, EUGENE THOMAS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Thomas Sands, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SAWFISH (SS-276), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 30 June 1943 to 10 August 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Sands brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 22, 1907 at Richmond, Virginia
Home Town: Columbus, Georgia

*SARSFIELD, EUGENE S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Eugene S. Sarsfield, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MADDOX (DD-6232), during the amphibious invasion of Sicily on 10 July 1943. While his ship was effectively supporting the assault at Gela, Lieutenant Commander Sarsfield, in the face of terrific aerial bombardment, maintained alert and accurate direction of gunfire until the Maddox was gravely damaged by one direct hit and two near misses. Grimly standing by to supervise abandonment of the rapidly sinking vessel, he was responsible for saving the lives of nine officers and sixty-five men out of a total of two hundred and eighty-four on board. Lieutenant Commander Sarsfield's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: April 19, 1902 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*SATTERFIELD, KARL B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Karl B. Satterfield, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Section Leader of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese naval and air forces near the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Although he was faced with strong fighter opposition and withering antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Satterfield led his flight in an attack against the enemy which resulted in two direct bomb hits on a Japanese heavy cruiser. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: September 11, 1915 at Highgate, Missouri
Home Town: Highgate, Missouri

SAUER, EDWARD PAUL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Paul Sauer, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Group SIXTEEN (TG-16), during Naval Combat action on 24 August 1942, in the Solomon Islands. Captain Sauer's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 14, 1893 at Council Bluffs, Iowa
Home Town: Council Bluffs, Iowa

SAUM, IRVING RANDOLPH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Irving Randolph Saum, Jr., Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. BORIE (DD-215), in action against the enemy when that vessel attacked and sank an enemy submarine in the waters of the Caribbean Sea on the morning of 1 November 1943. When the forward engine room was severely holed by enemy action, resulting in rapid flooding to the vessel's water line, Machinist's Mate Second Class Saum unhesitatingly volunteered to enter the damaged compartment in order to close the secondary drain suction, enabling all available pumps to be placed on the suction of the after engine room and prevent its flooding. At great risk to his own life, he courageously descended ten feet below the surface of the debris-filled water and, despite heavy rolling of the ship, succeeded in accomplishing the hazardous task. The conduct of Machinist's Mate Second Class Saum throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 331 (October 1944)
Born: July 15, 1918 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

SAUNDERS, RAYMOND O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond O. Saunders, Chief Torpedoman's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy during World War II. (No further information is available on this recipient or this award at the present time.)
Born: August 25, 1916 at Allendorph, Iowa
Home Town: Allendorph, Iowa

SAUNDERS, WILLARD A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Willard A. Saunders, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAYBACK (SS-208), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 15 February 1942 to 10 April 1942, in enemy controlled waters of off the coast of Guam and Saipan. Lieutenant Commander Saunders directed his ship in several successful attacks on armed enemy vessels without damage or injury to material or personnel of his command. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Saunders brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: October 25, 1904 at Escambia, Michigan
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

SAVADKIN, LAWRENCE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Savadkin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving on board the U.S.S. TANG (SS-306), during the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine from 25 September 1944 to 25 October 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. The conduct of Lieutenant Savadkin throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SAVAGE, FRANCIS J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis J. Savage, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Savage pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy battleship to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: January 4, 1918 at Arlington, Massachusetts
Home Town: Birmingham, Michigan

*SAVITZ, CHARLES WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles William Savitz, Aviation Metalsmith Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Escort Carrier U.S.S. LISCOME BAY (CVE-56), in action against the enemy when that vessel was sunk near Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands on 24 November 1943. Severely wounded when the LISCOME BAY was struck by a torpedo, Aviation Metalsmith Second Class Savitz refused medical attention. In the face of continuous ammunition explosions and raging fires, he lay on the hangar deck and assisted in pulling trapped men out of the wardroom through a hole in the deck. The conduct of Chief Aviation Metalsmith Second Class Savitz throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 332 (November 1944)
Born: March 22, 1923 at Tekoa, Washington
Home Town: Tekoa, Washington

SAWYER, EUGENE B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene B. Sawyer, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Ensign Sawyer boldly attacked a large task force of the Japanese Imperial Navy in a strike made without the aid of surface craft and in the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire and with the knowledge that his fuel supply was insufficient to carry him safely back to base. He drove home his attack with such grim determination and utter disregard for his personal safety that it resulted in severe damage upon capital ships of the Japanese Imperial Navy, and materially contributed to the retreat of the enemy fleet. Ensign Sawyer's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: December 30, 1921 at St. Marys, Ohio
Home Town: Columbus, Ohio

SCANLAND, FRANCIS W., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis W. Scanland, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. ASTORIA (CA-34), in action against the enemy from 10 December 1941 through 10 June 1942, in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SCANLAND, WORTH M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Worth M. Scanland, Captain [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HAWKBILL (SS-366), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 15 November 1944 to 5 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters of off the Timor Islands. Pursuing highly aggressive and tenacious tactics, Captain Scanland launched a series of brilliant torpedo attacks against enemy shipping to sink a Japanese destroyer, a high-speed transport, and a sea truck, totaling 2,300 tons. Despite enemy countermeasures Captain Scanland coolly and skillfully directed his ship and brought it safe to port. By his courageous leadership throughout, Captain Scanland served as an inspiration to his officers and men and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SCHAAL, ALBERT AMIEL, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Amiel Schaal, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Schaal contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 1, 1921 at Winnipeg, Canada
Home Town: South Lincoln, Massachusetts

SCHACHT, KENNETH GEORGE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth George Schacht, Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as DCO and First Lieutenant of the U.S.S. PERCH (SS-176), during the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine from 2 February 1942 until the ship had to be scuttled after sustaining damage in an attack by Japanese forces on 2 March 1942, in the waters of the Java Sea. The conduct of Commander Schacht throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SCHADE, ARNOLD FREDERIC
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arnold Frederic Schade, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer and as acting commander of the U.S.S. GROWLER (SS-215), during the FOURTH War Patrol of that vessel in enemy-controlled waters of the Pacific War Area, during the period 27 June 1942 through 17 February 1943. Lieutenant Commander Schade served as Executive Officer of the vessel during her first four war patrols and rendered skillful and able assistance to his captain during months of maneuvering in areas menaced by enemy air and surface craft. On 7 February 1943, after a surface craft engagement which a Japanese gunboat during which the commanding officer of his submarine was killed, Lieutenant Commander Schade assumed command of the damaged ship, directed emergency repairs, and finally brought the vessel and crew safely to port. Lieutenant Commander Schade's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: February 26, 1912 at Stamford, Connecticut
Home Town: San Diego, California

SCHALLER, WILLIAM J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William J. Schaller, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 1, 1918 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Home Town: Milwaukee, Wisconsin

SCHATZ, DELMAR ALFRED
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Delmar Alfred Schatz, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVENTEEN (VT-17), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action on 7 February 1944, while deployed over Truk in the Caroline Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SCHEFF, LESTER DANE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lester Dane Scheff, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Scheff contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 27, 1920 at Proctorville, Ohio
Home Town: Huntington, West Virginia

*SCHEUFELE, CARL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl Scheufele, Chief Cabin Steward, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy on 3 October 1943, in the Southwest Pacific. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 21, 1902 at Medford, Oregon
Home Town: San Diego, California

SCHEURER, RALPH EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Edward Scheurer, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), on 20 June 1944, while deployed over the Philippine Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 30, 1920 at Stockton, California
Home Town: Sausalito, California

SCHINDLER, WALTER GABRIEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Gabriel Schindler, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. In order to advise his seniors more accurately and intelligently, Commander Schindler volunteered as free gunner in an airplane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in three attacks against Japanese forces, at Tulagi on 4 May, although opposed by heavy antiaircraft fire, and in two attacks on 7 and 8 May in the Coral Sea area, in the face of enemy fighters as well. He shot down a Zero type Japanese fighter which attacked the plane in which he was serving as free gunner on 8 May. His conspicuous intrepidity was above and beyond the call of duty on these occasions. Commander Schindler's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: December 10, 1897 at New Glarus, Wisconsin
Home Town: New Glarus, Wisconsin

SCHLEGEL, CHARLES FREDERICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Frederick Schlegel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Schlegel pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy battleship to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 4, 1920 at Minturn, Colorado
Home Town: Minturn, Colorado

SCHLEGEL, PAUL WAHL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Wahl Schlegel, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Ensign Schlegel took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 7, 1909 at Richmond, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Fleetwood, Pennsylvania

SCHLOSSER, RALPH J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph J. Schlosser, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SCHMIDT, JOSEPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Schmidt, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SCHMIDT, MAXIMILIAN GMELISH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Maximilian Gmelish Schmidt (0-071341), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SCORPION (SS-278), in action on or about 9 April 1943 during a War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Northern Pacific. Lieutenant Commander Schmidt's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 20, 1909 at Boonville, Missouri
Home Town: Boonville, Missouri

SCHNABEL, CHARLES WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles William Schnabel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 3, 1921 at Cayahoga Falls, Ohio
Home Town: Cayahoga Falls, Ohio

SCHNEIDER, TONY FREDERIC
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Tony Frederic Schneider, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Lieutenant Schneider, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: November 11, 1917 at Hillsboro, Missouri
Home Town: Hillsboro, Missouri
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SCHNEIDER, TONY FREDERIC
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Tony Frederic Schneider, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 11, 1917 at Hillsboro, Missouri
Home Town: Hillsboro, Missouri
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SCHOCH, EDWIN FORESMAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin Foresman Schoch, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Schoch's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 13, 1916 at Oakmont, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Ebenezer, New York

SCHOENI, WALTER PAUL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Paul Schoeni, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. APOGON (SS-308), in action on 1 February 1944 during the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Marianas. The conduct of Commander Schoeni throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 17, 1908 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

SCHULER, FREDERICK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Schuler, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Ensign Schuler contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 12, 1921 at Athens, Ohio
Home Town: Athens, Ohio

SCHULKE, EDWARD HENRY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Henry Schulke, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Schulke contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 27, 1921 at North Olmstead, Ohio
Home Town: North Olmstead, Ohio

SCHULTHEIS, ANTHONY JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Anthony Joseph Schultheis, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIVE (VT-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Ensign Schultheis' conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 17, 1915 at Little Falls, Minnesota
Home Town: Little Falls, Minnesota

SCHULTZ, ARTHUR JOSEPH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur Joseph Schultz, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. Participating in a dive bombing attack on an enemy aircraft carrier on 7 May, Ensign Schultz contributed materially to the destruction of the vessel by pressing home his attack with skill and determination. On 8 May, as member of the anti-Torpedo Plane patrol, he launched repeated counterattacks against Japanese aircraft in the face of heavy fighter opposition. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (December 1942)
Born: June 20, 1918 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

SCHUMACHER, ROBERT E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert E. Schumacher, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SCHUNCKE, GEORGE WILLIAM (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George William Schuncke, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SIXTY-FIVE (VC-65), embarked from the U.S.S. ST. LO (CVE-63), in action against enemy Japanese forces on Saipan in the Marianas Islands on 2 July 1944. Lieutenant Schuncke valiantly launched an attack against two Japanese armored cars firing on a U.S. Navy seaplane. Despite the terrific and concentrated antiaircraft fire he flew in low to attack, holding persistently to the heavily armored targets until his plane was hit by antiaircraft fire and crashed behind enemy lines. His courageous initiative and determined aggressiveness were directly instrumental in saving the seaplane from probable destruction and reflect the highest credit on himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: April 20, 1919 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland

SCHWARZWALDER, ALAN E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alan E. Schwarzwalder, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 24, 1918 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Columbus, Ohio

SCOTT, FRANK V., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank V. Scott, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SCOTT, JACK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Scott, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Scott's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 24, 1921 at South Santa Anita, California
Home Town: Pasadena, California

SCOTT, JOHN A.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John A. Scott, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TUNNY (SS-282), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 February 1944 to 11 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Scott brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 17, 1906 at Lowell, Michigan
Home Town: Grand Rapids, Michigan
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SCOTT, JOHN A.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John A. Scott, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TUNNY (SS-282), on the FIRST, SECOND, THIRD and FOURTH War Patrols of that submarine during the period 12 January 1943 to 8 September 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Scott brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 17, 1906 at Lowell, Michigan
Home Town: Grand Rapids, Michigan
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*SCOTT, NEAL A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Neal A. Scott, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. SMITH (DD-378), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. Ensign Scott exhorted his gun crews to sustain heavy and accurate fire against the enemy, although his ship had been badly hit and he himself had suffered a mortal wound. His gallant fighting spirit and remarkable courage served as an inspiration to the crew of the ship in helping to render ineffective the enemy attacks. The conduct of Ensign Scott throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: May 21, 1919 at Montgomery, Alabama
Home Town: Rome, Georgia

SEAGRAVES, SIDNEY CLARK, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Sidney Clark Seagraves, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SEAMAN, ALLEN LANG (MIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Allen Lang Seaman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PY-1 Liberator Patrol Plane in Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SIX (VB-106), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal and Munda in the Solomon Islands during the period from 1 November 1943 to 24 March 1944. Lieutenant Seaman flew repeatedly over enemy waters and strongly fortified bases to deliver devastating attacks against Japanese aircraft, ships, barges and land installations, returning safely on each occasion. On 11 November he made a low-altitude bombing and strafing attack on Kepingamarangi Island and destroyed three float-plane fighters and a fuel dump, probably destroyed a fourth plane and damaged a fifth. Lieutenant Seaman's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 333 (December 1944)
Born: December 21, 1916 at New Haven, Connecticut
Home Town: San Francisco, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*SEAMAN, ALLEN LANG (MIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Allen Lang Seaman (0-081741), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PY-1 Liberator Patrol Plane in Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SIX (VB-106), in action against enemy Japanese forces on in the vicinity of New Guinea on 1 May 1944. Lieutenant Seaman made repeated daring strikes against Japanese bases and shipping and destroyed a large transport vessel and 100-foot sampan. Forced into a crash landing, he displayed brilliant airmanship and was able to save the lives of several of his crew. Lieutenant Seaman's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 332 (November 1944)
Born: December 21, 1916 at New Haven, Connecticut
Home Town: San Francisco, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

SEAMAN, DONALD F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald F. Seaman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Intelligence Officer of Motor Torpedo Boat FOUR HUNDRED EIGHTY-NINE (PT-89), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the rescue of a Navy Fighter Pilot shot down in Wasile Bay, Halmahera Island. On the afternoon of 16 September 1944, after attempts at rescue by airplane had been turned back by hostile anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Seaman requested permission to take part in a rescue by surface craft. Although the Torpedo Boats were twice driven back by intense fire from numerous coastal defense guns lining an 11-mile strait at the entrance of the passage, they finally succeeded in reaching the pilot. When it became apparent that the flier was injured too severely to help himself, Lieutenant Seaman quickly dived into the shell-splashed water and assisted him aboard. By his courage, daring and aggressiveness while subjected to fierce concentrations of Japanese fire for two-and-one-half hours during the operation, Lieutenant Seaman was directly instrumental in effecting one of the most perilous rescues in the Southwest Pacific Area. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Seaman were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SEARCY, JOHN M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John M. Searcy, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SEARLE, GEORGE B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George B. Searle, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 24 October 1944. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SEARLES, JOHN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John M. Searles, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat FIFTY-NINE (PT-59), on the night of 9 December 1942. On sighting a Japanese submarine and landing barge off Kamimbo Bay, Guadalcanal, British Solomon Islands, Lieutenant Searles promptly attacked the submarine by firing two torpedoes at 400 yards range; one hit causing a tremendous detonation and a 250-foot column of water; then nothing was left of the submarine except oil which came up profusely for the ensuing one-and-one-half hours. The landing barge was strafed, boarded, and found empty of personnel. By his exemplary leadership and extraordinary heroism, an enemy submarine was destroyed before it could accomplish an important rendezvous with short. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Searles were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 25, 1915 at Englewood, New Jersey
Home Town: Leonia, New Jersey

SEARS, HARRRY E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harrry E. Sears, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Bombing Plane in Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED FOUR (VB-104), in action against the enemy from 26 August 1943 through 4 November 1943, in the Solomon Islands. In addition to leading several squadron attacks, Commander Sears and his crew are credited, during separate actions, with the destruction of one enemy twin-engine bomber, damage to two enemy fighters, sinking one Japanese combination oiler and ammunition ship, damaging another, and damaging one enemy submarine. Commander Sears' outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SEAWARD, EUGENE TREFETHERN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Trefethern Seaward, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. FARENHOLT (DD-491), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Commander Seaward engaged the Japanese until severe damage to his ship forced his retirement. Even though the U.S.S. FARENHOLT was rocked by explosion, her compartments were flooded, and two of her boilers were gone, Seaward brought her safely into port. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 9, 1903 at Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Home Town: Kittery, Maine

SECKEL, ALBERT, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Seckel, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant Seckel's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 19, 1915 at Riverside, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

SECKINGER, NEIL V.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Neil V. Seckinger, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-NINE (VT-49), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SEDELL, THOMAS ROY
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Roy Sedell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), on 20 June 1945, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 4, 1920 at Duluth, Minnesota
Home Town: Denver, Colorado
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SEDELL, THOMAS ROY
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas Roy Sedell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 4, 1920 at Duluth, Minnesota
Home Town: Denver, Colorado
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SEIPEL, BERNARD J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard J. Seipel, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the FIFTH Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan in the Marianas Islands, during the period 15 through 24 June 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Seipel undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 12, 1920 at Palmer, Massachusetts
Home Town: Palmer, Massachusetts

*SEIVWRIGHT, GEORGE, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Seivwright, Jr., Aviation Ordnanceman First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against the enemy on 30 October 1944, in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: July 31, 1922 at Montpelier, Vermont
Home Town: Montpelier, Vermont

SELBY, FRANK GORDON
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Gordon Selby, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PUFFER (SS-268), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 30 April 1944 to 21 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Selby brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 31, 1910 at Austin, Minnesota
Home Town: Clear Lake, Iowa
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SELBY, FRANK GORDON
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Frank Gordon Selby, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PUFFER (SS-268), in action on 5 July 1944, during the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. The conduct of Commander Selby throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 31, 1910 at Austin, Minnesota
Home Town: Clear Lake, Iowa
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SELF, LARRY RUSSEL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Larry Russel Self, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 22, 1918 at Paul's Valley, Oklahoma
Home Town: Paul's Valley, Oklahoma

SELIGMAN, MORTON T.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Morton T. Seligman, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Executive Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action on 7 and 8 May 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. Commander Seligman's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 1, 1895 at Salt Lake City, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah
Awards: Navy Cross (WWI), Navy Cross (WWII)

SELL, ROY C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy C. Sell, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SELLSTROM, EDWARD R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward R. Sellstrom, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF3), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy forces in the Pacific War Area when his ship was attacked by eighteen Japanese bombing planes on 20 February 1942. Ensign Sellstrom intercepted an enemy four-engine bomber, determinedly pursued it through clouds and heavy rain, and assisted in shooting it down despite heavy machine gun and cannon fire. Later that day, he intercepted and shot down another aircraft during an attack directed at his carrier by nine enemy bombers. Ensign Selstrom's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 19, 1916 at Gowrie,, Iowa
Home Town: Rockwell City, Iowa

SEMMES, BENEDICT J., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Benedict J. Semmes, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PICKING (DD-685), in action against the enemy on 18 May 1945, while deployed off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SETTLE, THOMAS G. W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas G. W. Settle, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. PORTLAND (CA-33), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Captain Settle's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 4, 1895 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Newport, Rhode Island

SHANDS, COURTNEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Courtney Shands, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SEVENTY-ONE (VF-71), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-7), in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Leading his fighter squadron in the initial air assault on Japanese positions on the Solomon Islands, Lieutenant Commander Shands' flight destroyed seven enemy fighters and 15 patrol planes. This victory eliminated all local air opposition in the area, thus greatly contributing to the successful occupation of the islands by American ground forces. Lieutenant Commander Shands personally shot down four Japanese fighters and two patrol planes. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: December 1, 1905 at Ferguson, Missouri
Home Town: Kirkwood, Missouri

SHANKLIN, ELLIOTT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elliott W. Shanklin, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. PORTLAND (CA-33), in action against Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 14 - 15 November 1942. Commander Shanklin participated in numerous engagements of his vessel including the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway, and the actions of 24 August 1942 and 26 October 1942. During the night engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on 12 - 13 November, 1942, the ship's fire sank two Japanese destroyers and inflicted extensive damage upon an enemy cruiser and one battleship. Commander Shanklin's faultless control of the ship's batteries which he implemented by the highest state of readiness, attained through intensive training and drilling, contributed materially to the success of our forces in these notable battles. The conduct of Commander Shanklin throughout these actions reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: April 21, 1903 at Lexington, Kentucky
Home Town: Lexington, Kentucky

SHARP, STANLEY JAMES, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley James Sharp, Jr., Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the U.S.S. LCI (L) TWO HUNDRED TWELVE (LCI(L)-212), during an enemy air raid on the harbor of Palermo, Sicily, on 1 August 1943. When hostile bombs closely straddled his ship, setting fire to gasoline stored on the dock to which she was moored, and to ammunition loaded in a nearby merchant vessel, Quartermaster Second Class Sharp was seriously wounded by flying bomb fragments. Although in great pain and bleeding profusely, he manned the helm and engine room telegraphs and courageously remained at his station over an hour without revealing the extent of his injuries until his ship was anchored in a safer berth. The conduct of Quartermaster Sharp throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: December 14, 1922 at Monticello, Illinois
Home Town: Sterling, Illinois

SHARPE, VIRGIL GLENN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Virgil Glenn Sharpe, Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of the Crew of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Formosa, on 21 January 1945. After his ship was struck by a suicide plane during an overwhelming enemy air attack, Gunner's Mate First Class Sharpe assumed charge of a 20-mm. battery and directed his men until the intense strafing and bombing attack culminated in the crash of a second suicide craft on the forward gun director. Although sustaining shrapnel wounds in both legs and in the body from the second crash, he struggled to his feet and, entering the ready service magazine which was endangered by flames, turned on the sprinkler system, and averted a threatened magazine explosion. Then applying a tourniquet to one man whose leg was blown off, he assisted in caring for many other wounded before loss of blood necessitated his removal to sick bay. By his courage, initiative and presence of mind in the face of great danger, Gunner's Mate First Class Sharpe upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Purple Heart

SHATTUCK, CHARLES WILSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Wilson Shattuck, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY (VT-80), attached to the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during operations against Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. On 25 November 1944, Lieutenant Commander Shattuck led his flight of nine planes on a daring strike against an enemy heavy cruiser, skillfully maneuvered his formation for maximum striking power and, despite a constant barrage of shattering antiaircraft fire, succeeded in scoring a direct hit to assist in the sinking of the hostile vessel. By his forceful leadership, skilled combat tactics and zealous devotion to duty throughout this hazardous operation, Admiral Shattuck contributed materially to the success of our forces in this strategic area and upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
Home Town: Manhattan Beach, California

SHAUGHNESSEY, FRANCIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Shaughnessey, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SHAWCROSS, WILLIAM HENLEY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Henley Shawcross, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), and in action on 25 October 1944, while deployed over Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Shawcross' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 11, 1923 at Port Washington, New York
Home Town: Port Washington, New York

*SHEA, JOHN J. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John J. Shea, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. WASP (CV-7), during operations in the Solomon Islands on 15 September 1942. Lieutenant Commander Shea directed the fight against fires on the flight deck of the U.S.S. WASP, after the carrier had been crippled by the Japanese bombing attack which later caused her to sink. Lieutenant Commander Shea disregarded the danger from the fires, flying debris, and exploding ammunition to carry on his fight. When the water pressure failed, he employed chemical fire-fighting equipment in a desperate effort to extinguish a fire in a ready ammunition locker, and was leading out a fire hose to continue his efforts when a terrific explosion occurred. He was not subsequently seen by his shipmates. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Shea throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943) & 325 (April 1944)
Born: January 13, 1898 at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Arlington, Massachusetts

SHEA, MAURICE WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Maurice William Shea, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. RATON (SS-270), on the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 6 October 1944 to 1 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Shea brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 16, 1913 at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio

SHEARON, BRUCE CLEVELAND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bruce Cleveland Shearon, Chief Aviation Pilot, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces on 8 May 1942, in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and concerted enemy fighter opposition, Chief Aviation Pilot Shearon closed to within a few hundred yards of the target to execute a fearless and determined attack. Scoring a hit on an enemy aircraft carrier, he thereby contributed to the severe damage and probable destruction of the vessel and aided materially in the success of the operation. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: March 30, 1912 at Bunn, North Carolina
Home Town: Franklinton, North Carolina

SHEEDY, DANIEL CRYSDALE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel Crysdale Sheedy, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating as one of a six-plane fighter escort for our Torpedo Planes in an attack on three enemy aircraft carriers, Ensign Sheedy, upon reaching his objective, was viciously intercepted by a superior force of Japanese fighters. By courageously maintaining position in formation on his section leader despite tremendous counterfire, he skillfully prevented the enemy planes from pressing home their attacks. Subsequently losing his leader in a cloud, he single-handedly fought off an attack by three Japanese fighters, shot one down and, himself badly wounded, flew his severely damaged plane back to a safe landing aboard one of our carriers. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Ensign Sheedy were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 15, 1916 at Narberth, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Eggertsville, New York

SHELBY, EDWARD E.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward E. Shelby, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SUNFISH (SS-281), on the Seventh War Patrol of that submarine during the period 22 June 1944 to 1 August 1944, in enemy controlled waters near the Kuril Islands of the Northern Pacific. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Shelby brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 1, 1910 at Memphis, Tennessee
Home Town: Groton, Connecticut
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHELBY, EDWARD E.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Edward E. Shelby, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SUNFISH (SS-281), on the EIGHTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 20 August 1944 to 27 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters near the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Shelby brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 1, 1910 at Memphis, Tennessee
Home Town: Groton, Connecticut
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHELBY, EDWARD E.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Edward E. Shelby, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SUNFISH (SS-281), on the NINTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 October 1944 to 19 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Commander Shelby successfully launched well-planned attacks against enemy shipping which resulted in sinking enemy vessels totaling nearly 25,000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Shelby brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: September 1, 1910 at Memphis, Tennessee
Home Town: Groton, Connecticut
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHELLEY, RICHARD GRAHAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Graham Shelley, Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. BRANT (ARS-32), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River, Boatswain's Mate Second Class Shelley and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Boatswain's Mate Second Class Shelley and the other members of his party, in spite of enormous breakers which battered their boat and washed one of the machine guns overboard, finally brought her back to safety. His throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 27, 1919 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington

*SHELTON, DALE E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dale E. Shelton, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SHELTON, JAMES ARNOLD (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Arnold Shelton (0-104073), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Shelton, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: September 20, 1916 at Denton, Montana
Home Town: Denton, Montana

SHEPARD, ANDREW GILBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Andrew Gilbert Shepard, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. CLEVELAND (CL-55), during a 36-hour period from midnight 30 October 1943 to noon 2 November 1943. During this period Task Force 39 of which the U.S.S. Denver was a unit, conducted the first daylight bombardment of the Shortland- Faisi-Ballale Area while subjected to heavy enemy shore battery fire and bombing attacks. The Task Force of which the U.S.S. CLEVELAND was a member, further, decisively defeated in night action, a heavier gunned enemy surface force composed of at least 4 cruisers, of which two were 8-inch cruisers, and 8 destroyers of which at least 1 cruiser and 4 destroyers were sunk and the remainder put to ignominious flight towards their bases with 2 cruisers and 2 destroyers heavily damaged and under hot pursuit by our forces. This defeat prevented the Japanese Task Force from bombarding our beachhead at Empress Augusta Bay, and destroying our transport and mine laying groups and thereby materially contributed to the successful establishment of our land and air forces in the Bougainville Island. The Task Force successfully fought off a heavy air attack by at least 67 Japanese dive and medium bombers with the destruction of at least 17 Japanese planes by the ship's anti-aircraft gunfire. During these actions the U.S.S. CLEVELAND received only negligible damage while inflicting severe damage and casualties to the enemy. By his fearlessness, calmness, and gallant determination on the exposed bridge of his ship Captain Shepard set an example of conduct under stress of battle that was an inspiration. His relentless fighting spirit and devotion to duty, maintained at great risk in the face of grave personal danger was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Born: June 25, 1897 at York, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Rochester, New York

SHEPARD, EVAN TYLER
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Evan Tyler Shepard, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PICUDA (SS-382), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 October 1944 to 2 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Shepard brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 22, 1913 at Fort Edward, New York
Home Town: Fort Edward, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHEPARD, EVAN TYLER
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Evan Tyler Shepard, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PICUDA (SS-382), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 December 1944 to 15 December 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Shepard brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 22, 1913 at Fort Edward, New York
Home Town: Fort Edward, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHEPARD, TAZEWELL T., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Tazewell T. Shepard, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His gallant spirit of self-sacrifice, maintained above and beyond the call of duty, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Services.
Born: January 22, 1921 at Mobile, Alabama
Home Town: Mobile, Alabama

SHERIDAN, EUGENE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Sheridan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 and 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 22, 1921 at Glen Cove, New York
Home Town: Glendale, California

SHERIDAN, JOHN GRACE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Grace Sheridan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sheridan dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sheridan's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: April 13, 1912 at New York, New York
Home Town: Glendale, California

SHERMAN, FORREST PERCIVAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Forrest Percival Sherman, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. WASP (CV-7), and Flag Captain to the Commander of a Task Force during the occupation of Tulagi-Guadalcanal and subsequent operations. In addition to supervising plans for employment of aerial support to cover the initial landing, Captain Sherman, by his proficient skill and astute leadership, contributed to the relentless fighting spirit and aggressive courage which enabled his group to destroy hostile opposition in the air and on the beach. His outstanding performance of duty was a decisive factor in the success of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Service.
Born: October 30, 1896 at Merrimack, New Hampshire
Home Town: Melrose, Massachusetts

SHERMAN, FREDERICK CARL
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Frederick Carl Sherman, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy forces in the Pacific War Area when his ship was attacked by eighteen Japanese bombing planes on 20 February 1942. As a result of the brilliant performance of the fighting squadrons under his command, the outstanding manner in which he coordinated and timed the employment and relief of his combat patrols and his own expert handling of the ship, sixteen enemy bombers were destroyed, without damage to the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2). Captain Sherman's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 305 (August 1942)
Born: May 27, 1888 at Port Huron, Michigan
Home Town: San Diego, California
Awards: Navy Cross (WWI), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHERMAN, FREDERICK CARL
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Frederick Carl Sherman, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against the enemy on 21 February 1944, at Tinian and Guam in the Marianas Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: May 27, 1888 at Port Huron, Michigan
Home Town: San Diego, California
Awards: Navy Cross (WWI), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHERMAN, SAMUEL ROBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel Robert Sherman, Lieutenant Commander (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Flight Surgeon on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. On that date the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Sherman saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.

SHERRILL, HUGH VIRGIL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hugh Virgil Sherrill, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VF-81), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 17 February 1945, while deployed over Tokyo Bay. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 18, 1920 at Long Beach, California
Home Town: Biloxi, Mississippi

SHERWOOD, GORDON ALVIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon Alvin Sherwood, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane and Squadron Flight Officer in action on 24 August 1942, while deployed over the Easter Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 24, 1916 at Levan, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah

*SHERWOOD, JAMES E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James E. Sherwood, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan in the Marianas Islands, during the period 15 June 1944 through 7 July 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Sherwood undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: March 19, 1923 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Bremerton, Washington

*SHIELDS, ARTHUR VIRGIL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Arthur Virgil Shields, Electrician's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving aboard Infantry Landing Craft U.S.S. LCI(L), FOUR HUNDRED FIFTEEN (LCL(L)-415), during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Electrician's Mate First Class Shields unhesitatingly plunged to the aid of two drowning soldiers in water under enemy shellfire on the Omaha Beach Although tired from swimming ashore with grapnel and line to test the depth of the water before disembarking troops, and although he had voluntarily made the trip once through shrapnel-splashed water, Electrician's Mate First Class Shields did not hesitate to jump in once more when he saw the two soldiers in dire need of aid. Through his efforts, the lives of these men were saved and they were carried through the deep water to the shore. Later, he went aboard the U.S.S. LCI(L)-416 disabled on the beach because of mines and shellfire. In helping to carry a wounded member of the crew of that ship along the beach, Electrician's Mate First Class Shields was killed by shrapnel. His exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)
Born: December 4, 1916 at Republic, Washington
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*SHIELDS, ELLIS HARRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ellis Harry Shields, Chief Pharmacist's Mate, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with FORTIETH Naval Construction Battalion (Seabee), attached to a task force during the invasion of the Admiralty Islands on 4 March 1944. Chief Pharmacist's Mate Shields left his foxhole against orders to administer to the wounded and dying. He was killed while returning to his foxhole after giving first aid to the wounded. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Chief Pharmacist's Mate Shields undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 330 (September 1944)
Born: November 28, 1911 at Blue Grass, Iowa
Home Town: Muscatine, Iowa

SHIELS, HUGH A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hugh A. Shiels, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Shiels gallantly pursued and pressed home a daring attack on an enemy ship in the face of an intense and accurate barrage of fire, including projectiles from the main batteries of the enemy vessel. With bold determination and utter disregard for his own safety, he drove home his attack which resulted in serious damage to a major enemy warship. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: October 11, 1919 at Santa Barbara, California
Home Town: Santa Barbara, California

SHIFLEY, RALPH LOUIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Louis Shifley, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane in Air Group EIGHT (AG-8), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action on 20 June 1944, during an attack against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Commander Shifley contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 26, 1910 at Mounds, Illinois
Home Town: Mounds, Illinois

SHIMEK, GEORGE D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George D. Shimek, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SHIRLEY, JAMES ALEXANDER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Alexander Shirley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), during operations against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 20, 1920 at Westminster, South Carolina
Home Town: Seneca, South Carolina

SHOEMAKER, GEORGE C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George C. Shoemaker, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SHORT, WALLACE CLARK, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wallace Clark Short, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Short pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on three Japanese aircraft tenders or transports and obtained a direct hit on one of the enemy vessels. By his superb airmanship and outstanding courage he contributed to the destruction of the three enemy ships and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)
Born: March 26, 1909 at Malone, New York
Home Town: Malone, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHORT, WALLACE CLARK, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Wallace Clark Short, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Short's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 26, 1909 at Malone, New York
Home Town: Malone, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHORT, WALLACE CLARK, JR.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Wallace Clark Short, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Commanding Officer of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant Short, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, led his squadron in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 26, 1909 at Malone, New York
Home Town: Malone, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHRAUGER, WILLIAM HERBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Herbert Shrauger, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SHUMWAY, DEWITT WOOD
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to DeWitt Wood Shumway, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Acting Commander of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Lieutenant Commander Shumway led his squadron in a vigorous dive-bombing assault against Japanese naval units, in the face of concentrated antiaircraft fire and powerful fighter opposition, and pressed home his attack with courageous aggressiveness and utter disregard for his own personal safety. His capable initiative and inspiring leadership contributed to the high state of combat efficiency which enabled his squadron to score at least five direct hits on an enemy aircraft carrier. Lieutenant Commander Shumway's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 31, 1909 at Oneonta, New York
Home Town: Syracuse, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHUMWAY, DEWITT WOOD
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to DeWitt Wood Shumway, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against Japanese forces on 24 August 1942, in the Eastern Solomon Islands. Lieutenant Commander Shumway's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 31, 1909 at Oneonta, New York
Home Town: Syracuse, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SHUMWAY, JAMES MCBRIDE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James McBride Shumway, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 26 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SHUMWAY, JOHN E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John E. Shumway, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SHUPE, WILLARD L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Willard L. Shupe, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with Company I, Third Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan in the Marianas Islands, on 20 June 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Shupe undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: December 13, 1924 at Chilhowie, Virginia
Home Town: Bidwell, Ohio

SIEBER, EDWARD A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward A. Sieber, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Bomber, in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), on 19 Mary 1945, while deployed over Hiroshima Bay, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SIEGLAFF, WILLIAM BERNARD
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Bernard Sieglaff, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TAUTOG (SS-199), on the FIFTH and SIXTH War Patrols of that submarine during the period 15 December 1942 to 19 April 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Sieglaff brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 6, 1908 at Albert Lea, Minnesota
Home Town: Albert Lea, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SIEGLAFF, WILLIAM BERNARD
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William Bernard Sieglaff, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TAUTOG (SS-199), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 5 to 25 March 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Sieglaff brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 6, 1908 at Albert Lea, Minnesota
Home Town: Albert Lea, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SIGMAN, WILLIAM R.H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William R.H. Sigman, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINE (VB-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the Japanese on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. Ensign Sigman's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SIMMONS, ALVA A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alva A. Simmons, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Ensign Simmons dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Ensign Simmons' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942) & 316 (July 1943)
Born: March 15, 1918 at Hedley, Texas
Home Town: Portales, New Mexico

SIMONELLI, ORAZIO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orazio Simonelli, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY-5 Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron THIRTY-FOUR (VP-34), in action against enemy Japanese forces at New Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago on 15 February 1944. Lieutenant Simonelli rescued five airmen who had been forced down by enemy gunfire on during the air attack against Kavieng Harbor, New Ireland. Although his PBY Catalina lost its fighter escort before reaching the downed airmen, Lieutenant Simonelli continued on to his object and the successful rescue, which included several severely injured men. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 31, 1916 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Portland, Oregon

SIMPLER, LEROY COARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to LeRoy Coard Simpler, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron FIVE (VF-5), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands during the period 11 September 1942 through 6 October 1942. Lieutenant Commander Simpler led his fighter squadron against overwhelming formations of enemy Japanese aircraft in the Solomon Islands area, thereby contributing to the destruction of 17 Japanese planes, and personally shooting down one Zero-type fighter. His squadron accounted for a total of 35 enemy planes during service in the area from 11 September to 6 October 1942. Lieutenant Commander Simpler's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: June 19, 1905 at Lewes, Delaware
Home Town: Milton, Delaware

SIMPSON, RODGER WHITTEN
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rodger Whitten Simpson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MAHAN (DD-364), which engaged Japanese naval forces in a daring daylight raid on the enemy patrol line south of the Gilbert Islands on 22 October 1942. Commander Simpson valiantly fought his ship, skillfully maneuvering in order to launch determined and aggressive attacks in which two enemy vessels were sunk. Despite terrific aerial opposition, he brought his ship and crew through the successful engagement without loss or damage. Commander Simpson's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: June 4, 1898 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Vallejo, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SIMPSON, RODGER WHITTEN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Rodger Whitten Simpson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division FIFTEEN (DesDiv 15), during a surface engagement with enemy Japanese forces at Vella Gulf, Solomon Islands, on the night of 6 - 7 August 1943. Conducting a perfectly coordinated attack on Japanese forces, Commander Simpson skillfully disposed the units of his destroyer division for maximum fire power and efficiency, which resulted in the annihilation of the entire hostile force of one cruiser and three destroyers. He brought his ships through the engagement without loss or damage. Commander Simpson's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: June 4, 1898 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Vallejo, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SIMS, GELZER LOYALL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gelzer Loyall Sims, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MAURY (DD-401), during a surface engagement with enemy Japanese forces at Vella Gulf, Solomon Islands, on the night of 6 - 7 August 1943. Commander Sims maneuvered his ship and struck boldly with well-timed and perfectly coordinated torpedo attacks, which resulted in the sinking of one Japanese cruiser and three destroyers. He brought his ship through the engagement without loss or damage. Commander Sims' inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: November 18, 1903 at Orangeburg, South Carolina
Home Town: Orangeburg, South Carolina

SINGLETON, D. ARNOLD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to D. Arnold Singleton, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Fuel Officer of the Naval Air Station, Ford Island, during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Ensign Singleton had just completed fueling the station from U.S.S. NEOSHO which was moored at the gasoline dock, and was taking back suction to clean the lines when the first aerial attack started. Although under fire from the enemy, he continued with his duty, directing the removal of the hoses which enabled the U.S.S. NEOSHO to leave her berth, and personally supervised the opening of the sprinkler valves on the fuel tanks thereby rendering the gasoline supply of the station secure. Upon completion of these duties, despite very severe enemy bombing and strafing of the station, he turned his efforts to assisting in caring for the wounded men that were arriving at the station. The conduct of Ensign Singleton throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 6, 1912 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: West Englewood, New Jersey

SIPPRELL, JAMES ERNEST
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Ernest Sipprell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sipprell contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 27, 1915 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SIPPRELL, JAMES ERNEST
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to James Ernest Sipprell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Sipprell's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 27, 1915 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SISTRUNK, VERMON J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vermon J. Sistrunk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SKINNER, CHARLES ALLEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Allen Skinner, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant Skinner contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 27, 1919 at Augusta, Georgia
Home Town: Memphis, Tennessee

SKINNER, LYLE MAXTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lyle Maxton Skinner, Watertender First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. When the U.S.S. HORNET was being shaken by bursting bombs, Watertender First Class Skinner, although ordered to abandon ship, gallantly entered an oil-filled elevator pit and rescued a trapped shipmate who might have perished. The conduct of Watertender First Class Skinner throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

SKINNER, ROBERT W., III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Skinner, III, Lieutenant Commander (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Medical Officer attached to the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during the attack on Tulagi, Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Although often exposed to enemy fire, Lieutenant Commander Skinner distinguished himself in administering aid to the wounded and in supervising evacuation of casualties. Later, when his battalion was fighting on Lunga Ridge, Guadalcanal, he made at least three trips from the forward of the rear dressing station, a space of several hundred yards of exposed terrain swept frequently by hostile fire. He subsequently accompanied our forces, moving forward with the battalion in the second and third Matanikau River battles, despite a wounded knee. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Skinner saved many lives. His actions throughout the operation were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 322 (January 1944)
Born: February 6, 1911 at Cynwyd, Pennsylvania
Home Town: North Wales, Pennsylvania

SKON, WARREN ANDREW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Warren Andrew Skon, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), and deployed over Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces on 26 November 1943. When warnings were received of the approach of a large force of Japanese torpedo bombers, Ensign Skon volunteered to join a fighter section of aircraft from his carrier, the first time such a mission had been attempted at night, in order to intercept the attackers. He rendered valiant service in breaking up that phase of the attack and succeeded in dispersing the enemy aircraft. His fighting spirit in the face of great peril was largely responsible for saving the carrier task group from serious damage. Ensign Skon's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: October 29, 1919 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota

*SLATER, FRANK OLGA
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frank Olga Slater, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Gunner aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. Courageously refusing to abandon his gun in the face of an onrushing Japanese Torpedo Plane, Seaman Second Class Slater, with cool determination and utter disregard for his own personal safety, kept blazing away until the hostile craft plunged out of the sky in a flaming dive and crashed on his station. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.
Born: December 19, 1920 at Marshall County, Alabama
Home Town: Fyffe, Alabama

SLIGHTON, JOHN DAY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Day Slighton, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron ONE (VT-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the enemy fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Slighton contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 30, 1918 at Anna, Illinois
Home Town: Ozark, Illinois

SLOCUM, HARRY BROWNING
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Browning Slocum, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Captain Slocum's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 18, 1897 at Longmont, Colorado
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*SMALL, ERNEST GREGOR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ernest Gregor Small, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SALT LAKE CITY (CA-25), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Due to his aggressiveness and determined action, and through his skill and devotion to duty, a superior Japanese force heading for Guadalcanal was destroyed or turned back. In one phase of this engagement his excellent seamanship was a deciding factor in protecting the heavily hit U.S.S. BOISE from further damage. The success of this action prevented a planned Japanese attack on our positions at Guadalcanal and prevented the enemy from landing reinforcements on that island. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval service.
Born: November 5, 1888 at Waltham, Massachusetts
Home Town: New Haven, Connecticut

SMESTAD, DELMER L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Delmer L. Smestad, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane, embarked from the HANCOCK CV-19), in action on 28 July 1945, while and deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SMIADAK, EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Smiadak, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIXTEEN (VF-16), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Honshu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SMILEY, VINCENT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vincent Smiley, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VT-94), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SMITH, ALLEN WESLEY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Allen Wesley Smith, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-FIVE (VC-75), embarked from the U.S.S. OMMANEY BAY (CVE-79), Bay, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle off Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 14, 1913 at Atlanta, Georgia
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia

SMITH, CHESTER CARL
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Chester Carl Smith, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SWORDFISH (SS-193 on the FIRST and SECOND War Patrols of that submarine during the period 8 December 1941 to 9 March 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Despite the close watch maintained by enemy air and surface ship patrol, Lieutenant Commander Smith boldly engaged the enemy in a daring attack which resulted in the sinking of the two largest vessels lying at anchor in closed waters. Again after contacting an escorted enemy vessel supply to supply enemy forces, he closed range and promptly attacked the ship which was subsequently found to have been destroyed. Finally, a 3000 ton Japanese tanker was the last of eight enemy vessels to be destroyed by the submarine since the commencement of hostilities. Lieutenant Commander Smith's fine qualities of inspiring leadership and courageous, aggressive spirit of his command in offensive action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 16, 1905 at Bisbee, Arizona
Home Town: Boise, Idaho
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SMITH, CHESTER CARL
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Chester Carl Smith, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SWORDFISH (SS-193), on the FIRST and SECOND War Patrols of that submarine during the period 8 December 1941 to 9 March 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Lieutenant Commander Smith's fine qualities of inspiring leadership and courageous, aggressive spirit of his command in offensive action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 16, 1905 at Bisbee, Arizona
Home Town: Boise, Idaho
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SMITH, DANIEL FLETCHER, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel Fletcher Smith, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippines on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 31, 1910 at Pittsburg, Texas
Home Town: Falfurrias, Texas
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), 3@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, Legion of Merit, Air Medal

SMITH, DEXTER WALDEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dexter Walden Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 17 September 1944, while deployed over the Palau Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 28, 1918 at Charlotte, Michigan
Home Town: Denver, Colorado

*SMITH, DOUGLAS ELWIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Douglas Elwin Smith, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the River Gunboat U.S.S. OAHU (PG-6), in action against the enemy from 7 December 1941 through 2 April 1942, in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: June 12, 1903 at Port Chester, New York
Home Town: Westport, Connecticut

SMITH, EUGENE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Smith, Jr., Steward's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with operations against the enemy while serving as a Petty Officer aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces when his ship was attacked by a Japanese dive bomber from the starboard side of the ship in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 29 October 1944. Trained and assigned to a gun tub on the port side of the INTREPID, Steward's Mate First Class Smith was in position on 29 October 1944, when a Japanese dive bomber attacked the ship from starboard, aiming directly for Steward's Mate First Class Smith's position. Grabbing his 20-mm. anti-aircraft gun and pointing it across the flight deck, he immediately began firing. He remained at his post and continued to shoot until the plane finally crashed, its wings shot off, into the gun tub, severely burning the him, injuring others and killing 10 of his fellow gun crew. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SMITH, FRANCIS K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis K. Smith, Commander (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Senior Medical Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar, Commander Smith established an emergency sick bay and personally treated the wounded, in the face of constant explosions, raging fires and enemy air attacks. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Commander Smith saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota

SMITH, HAROLD FRANCIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold Francis Smith, Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. ARIZONA (BB-39), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. After the U.S.S. ARIZONA had been ordered abandoned, Boatswain's Mate Second Class Smith unhesitatingly made repeated trips in a motor launch between her and an air station landing, carrying wounded, despite heavy bombardment and strafing, and blazing oil on the water, thereby saving many lives that would otherwise have been lost. The conduct of Boatswain's Mate Second Class Smith throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 13, 1917 at Youngstown, Ohio
Home Town: Youngstown, Ohio

SMITH, HAROLD J.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold J. Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SMITH, HAROLD J.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Harold J. Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against Japanese forces on 28 July 1945 while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SMITH, HAROLD PAGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold Page Smith, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. STEWART (DD-224), in action against a greatly superior Japanese Naval force in the Badoeng Strait, off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. Although under heavy fire from the enemy, Lieutenant Commander Smith pressed home the attack which resulted in severe damage to the enemy, while receiving minor damage to his own ship and only one casualty to his personnel. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Smith throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Born: February 17, 1904 at Grand Bay, Alabama
Home Town: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

SMITH, HARRY L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry L. Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commander of an Amphibious Support Vessel, in action against the enemy on 12 April 1945, at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SMITH, HENRY EVANS, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Evans Smith, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14, embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), while participating in an aerial attack against a Japanese task force on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smith's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and disregard of personal safety was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 2, 1909 at Celeste, Texas
Home Town: Charlestown, Massachusetts

*SMITH, JAMES STUART, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Stuart Smith, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Conning Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. ATLANTA (CL-51), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. With cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, Lieutenant Commander Smith remained at his station and directed the course of the ship until he was mortally wounded. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: November 18, 1904 at Laconia, New Hampshire
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

SMITH, JOSEPH G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph G. Smith, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 11, 1916 at Morgan, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah

SMITH, KENNETH WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth William Smith, Radioman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving aboard an Infantry Landing Craft LCI(L), during the initial landing operations against Japanese-occupied Lae, New Guinea, on 4 September 1943. When a direct hit demolished the radio room of the LCI on which he was serving, although severely wounded, Radioman Second Class Smith proceeded to the bridge and replaced the injured helmsman at the wheel. After steering the ship to a beach, he returned to the damaged radio room and labored valiantly to restore equipment to service until he lost consciousness. Radioman Second Class Smith's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Born: February 20, 1919 at Odessa, Washington
Home Town: Spokane, Washington

SMITH, KENT RHYNE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kent Rhyne Smith, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SMITH, LEONARD L. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leonard L. Smith (0-098528), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Ensign Smith, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: April 27, 1917 at Hamilton, Montana
Home Town: Ontario, California

SMITH, NORMAN CLARK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman Clark Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineering Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. DALLAS (DD-199), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 - 11 November 1942. Proceeding under heavy fire of hostile artillery up the shallow Sebou River to the Port Lyautey airfield, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smith successfully kept the engineering plant of the Dallas in full operation while crossing over a treacherous bar through heavy surf and mud for miles up the river. Prior to this action, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smith had brought the engineering plant of the ship to a high degree of readiness and during the engagement at the Port Lyautey airfield, he coolly and efficiently kept the plant operating, regardless of his own personal safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: January 2, 1917 at Hartford, Connecticut
Home Town: Windsor, Connecticut

SMITH, RALPH ARTHUR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Arthur Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against Japanese forces on 28 July 1945 while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SMITH, RICHARD PHILOMEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard Philomen Smith, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Ensign Smith's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 11, 1922 at Palmersville, Tennessee
Home Town: Palmersville, Tennessee

SMITH, ROBERT E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert E. Smith, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action on 8 May 1942, during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 18, 1916 at St. Joseph, Missouri
Home Town: St. Joseph, Missouri

SMITH, ROBERT GILMOUR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Gilmour Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smith's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 3, 1920 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana

SMITH, ROBERT HALL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Hall Smith, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron TWENTY-TWO, during Naval Combat action on 27 and 29 November 1944, in the Camotes Sea. Captain Smith's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SMITH, STEPHEN BURDETTE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stephen Burdette Smith, Chief Machinist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Chief Machinist Smith pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: May 12, 1903 at South Wayne, Wisconsin
Home Town: Mason City, Iowa

SMITH, WALTON WILEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walton Wiley Smith, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in directing sustained attacks against the enemy during the Iwo Jima and Okinawa campaigns despite violent and repeated attacks on his ship by enemy airplanes. On the afternoon of 6 April 1945, his prompt action and expert ship handling unquestionably saved the Cabot from extensive damage by two separate enemy suicide airplanes who dove unsuccessfully on his ship. Throughout a long bitter action fought between 14 March and 8 April 1945, his Task Group was under savage night and day enemy air attacks on 19 of the 26 days. On 7 April 1945, he skillfully and courageously directed an attack on the enemy battleship Yamato and accompanying vessels. As a result of this damage, together with that inflicted by accompanying carriers, the Yamato, the light cruiser Yamagi and several enemy destroyers were sunk. After this action, the Japanese Navy was not again able to put to sea with an effective surface force. His actions contributed materially to the complete defeat of the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: at Commerce, Georgia
Home Town: Athens, Georgia

SMITH, WILLIAM ARNOLD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Arnold Smith, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [the Chief Machinist's Mate], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Campaign on 24 August 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smith volunteered to ascertain and rectify damage caused by enemy fire during action against Japanese forces. He was twice rendered unconscious while making his way through the intense heat and overpowering smoke in compartments below deck. At great risk of life, he persisted in his careful investigation of all machinery and took steps toward its repair. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smith averted a potential disaster and saved many lives. His actions throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: August 8, 1904 at New York, New York
Home Town: Santa Paula, California

SMOOT, ROLAND NESBIT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roland Nesbit Smoot, Commodore, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Attack Section ONE, Destroyer Squadron FIFTY-SIX, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Leading his ships in a daring and successful attack on the enemy battle-line, by his courage, skill in combat, and determination, Commodore Smoot gave encouragement to his force in a manner that caused his action to be very instrumental in the success of this most difficult operations. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commodore Smoot's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 345 (December 1945)
Born: May 7, 1901 at Provo, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SMOOT, ROLAND NESBIT
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Roland Nesbit Smoot, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Destroyer Squadron, in action against the enemy from March to May 1945, in the Pacific War Area. Captain Smoot's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: May 7, 1901 at Provo, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SMYTH, JIMMIE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jimmie Smyth, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smyth participated in a vigorous and determined glide-bombing attack on an enemy battleship, scoring a direct hit which caused certain damage. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Smyth contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: March 1, 1924 at Floydada, Texas
Home Town: Floydada, Texas

SNELL, CLIFTON EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifton Edward Snell, Watertender Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in while serving as a member of the Boiler Crew of No. 1 Fireroom on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. During an intense bombing attack the explosion of an enemy bomb in the uptakes of the forward group of boilers extinguished the fires in all boilers except No 1, and filled all boiler rooms with heavy smoke and gasses. In spite of the heat, stifling fumes and the imminence of explosion, Water Tender Second Class Snell and a comrade, with complete disregard for their own personal safety, assisted in keeping the boiler under steam to keep the ship's auxiliary power in operation. Their capable performance of this task helped to make it possible for the YORKTOWN to attain the speed necessary for launching fighting planes in time to oppose a Japanese aerial torpedo attack. The conduct of Watertender Second Class Snell throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: August 9, 1912 at Williamsburg, Ohio
Home Town: Loveland, Ohio

SNOWDEN, ERNEST M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ernest M. Snowden, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron SEVENTY-TWO (VS-72), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-7), in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 7 and 8 August 1942. Lieutenant Commander Snowden led his scouting squadron in three dive-bombing attacks against hostile position on the Solomon Islands, and silenced the fire of an enemy battery opposing the approach of our landing boats, thereby contributing greatly to the seizure of the islands. Later, while engaged in single combat, he successfully out-maneuvered and shot down a Japanese seaplane fighter. Lieutenant Commander Snowden's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: May 21, 1911 at Wildwood, North Carolina
Home Town: Beaufort, North Carolina

SNYDER, JAMES L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James L. Snyder, Yeoman First Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. As phone-talker on the navigation bridge of the U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), Yeoman First Class Snyder remained on the navigation bridge until forced by fire to leap to safety to the bridge below. Thence he went to an antiaircraft gun ammunition ready box and despite the fact that the heat was exploding other similar boxes, he removed all the ammunition thereby saving lives and assuring continuance of the gun's operation. The conduct of Yeoman First Class Snyder throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 29, 1917 at Rose Hill, Kansas
Home Town: Eldorado, Kansas

SOLI, HARTMAN ALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hartman Alvin Soli, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Division Leader in Fighting Squadron SEVEN (VF-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. Assigned to an escort strike mission against the Japanese fleet in the Philippine Sea area, Lieutenant Soli led his division in a courageous and determined attack, scoring two hits and strafing the decks of an enemy cruiser. His audacious attack, pressed home to low altitude in the face of vicious and heavy antiaircraft fire from numerous other units of the enemy fleet, so diverted fire to himself that the planes following him in the attack were able to complete their mission effectively His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: June 14, 1919 at Mortell, Wisconsin
Home Town: Bay City, Texas

SOMERVILLE, RONALD LEE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ronald Lee Somerville, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SONNENBERG, EUGENE PETER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Peter Sonnenberg, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Ensign Sonnenberg contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 15, 1920 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Princeton, Indiana

SORENSEN, CHARLES HENRY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Henry Sorensen, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 24, 1920 at Hayward, California
Home Town: Hayward, California

SORENSEN, WILLIAM T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William T. Sorensen, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron FORTY-THREE (VP-43), Patrol Wing FOUR in the Aleutian Islands, Territory of Alaska, during the period 10 through 20 June 1942. Ensign Sorenson made daring, repeated dive-bombing and strafing attacks on Japanese ships and four- motored patrol planes in Kiska Harbor despite severe adverse weather conditions and fire from antiaircraft and shore batteries which, on one occasion, left his plane riddled with more than 100 shrapnel holes. Ensign Sorensen's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: July 4, 1920 at Salt Lake City, Utah
Home Town: Bountiful, Utah

*SPALDING, RALPH D., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ralph D. Spalding, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TEN (VPB-110), in action over Europe on 3 September 1944. Lieutenant Spalding volunteered for and completed with excellent results a particularly hazardous mission of vital importance. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 18, 1915 at Portsmouth, Virginia
Home Town: Portsmouth, Virginia

*SPANAGEL, DONALD DILLARD JONES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Dillard Jones Spanagel (0-299449), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Ensign Spanagel defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Spanagel and the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 14, 1922 at Allentown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland

*SPANGENBERG, KENNETH JEROME
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth Jerome Spangenberg, Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Gunner aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. Although mortally wounded by hostile shell fire, Gunner's Mate Third Class Spangenberg, with grim determination in the face of intense pain and waning strength, continued to man his battle station until the engagement ended. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: May 14, 1922 at Allentown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Allentown, Pennsylvania

SPEIDEL, JOHN POOR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Poor Speidel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-NINE (VT-29), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action against the enemy from 29 October 1944 through 4 January 1945, over Luzon in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SPERRY, EDWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin Sperry, Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the Fleet Tug U.S.S. CHEROKEE (AT-66), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River in order to land raiders near a strategic airport, Boatswain's Mate Second Class Sperry and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Boatswain's Mate Second Class Sperry and the other members of his party, in spite of the enormous breakers which battered their boat, brought her back to safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 20, 1913 at New Britain, Connecticut
Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

SPRAGUE, CLIFTON A. F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifton A. F. Sprague, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Unit 77.4.3, in action against the enemy from 18 through 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: January 8, 1896 at Dorchester, Massachusetts
Home Town: Milton, Massachusetts

SPRAGUE, JAMES RENEAU
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Reneau Sprague, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-FIVE (VC-75), embarked from the U.S.S. OMMANEY BAY (CVE-79), Bay, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle off Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 17, 1920 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Birmingham, Michigan

SPRAGUE, THOMAS L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas L. Sprague, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as the Carrier Task Group Commander, in action against the enemy on 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: October 2, 1894 at Lima, Ohio
Home Town: Coronado, California

*SPRINGER, FRANK H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frank H. Springer, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of the U.S.S. TANG (SS-306), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 24 September 1944 to 25 October 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Springer helped to bring his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SPRUANCE, RAYMOND AMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Ames Spruance, Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, FIFTH Fleet, during preparations for and operations in the capture of Iwo Jima and positions in the Ryukyu Islands, including the covering operations by Pacific Fleet Forces in connection thereof from January to May 1945. Carrier Units of Admiral Spruance's force penetrated deep into waters of the enemy homeland and Nansei Shoto, inflicting severe damage upon enemy aircraft, shore installations, and shipping. As the officer in command of the operations for the capture of Iwo Jima and Ryukyu positions, including Okinawa, his forces met and overcame desperate enemy resistance. His outstanding professional ability and sound judgment were extremely valuable factors in the seizing of important military objectives with a minimum loss of lives and materials to our forces. His initiative, leadership and fighting spirit assured the success of our operations and prepared the way for further strikes against the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: July 3, 1886 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana

ST. JOHN, BERNARD JOSEPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard Joseph St. John, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STACY, RAY JOSEPH
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ray Joseph Stacy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Participating in a vigorous strike against major units of the Japanese Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stacy boldly plunged through continuous, intense antiaircraft fire to carry out his attack and, expertly maneuvering to release his torpedo at close range, succeeded in scoring a direct hit on an enemy heavy cruiser. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stacy contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: May 20, 1922 at Hobart, Oklahoma
Home Town: Guthrie, Oklahoma
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STACY, RAY JOSEPH
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Ray Joseph Stacy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stacy's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 20, 1922 at Hobart, Oklahoma
Home Town: Guthrie, Oklahoma
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STAGGS, WILLIAM R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William R. Staggs, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Escort Scouting Squadron TWENTY-NINE (VS-29), embarked from the U.S.S. SANTEE (ACV-9), during the occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. Upon sighting a hostile submarine on the surface, Lieutenant Staggs, in a quick dive to attack, struck the conning tower of the vessel with armor-piercing bullets from his 50-caliber machine guns and set off a depth charge in immediate proximity to its hull. Shortly thereafter, he led a group of seven scout bombers and three fighters in persistent raids against enemy troop convoys and intense aerial bombardment of the airdrome at Marrakech. Although flying through a continuous hail of anti-aircraft fire, this attacking flight, under Lieutenant Staggs' brilliant and inspiring leadership, succeeded in destroying twelve aircraft on the ground, demolishing three hangars, and immobilizing approximately twenty units of motor transports. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 11, 1912 at Valparaiso, Indiana
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

STANDARD, CHARLES EVERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Evert Standard, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 29 June 1944, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 26, 1919 at East St. Louis, Illinois
Home Town: Miami Beach, Florida

STARKES, CARLTON B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carlton B. Starkes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIVE (VF-5), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces while deployed over Guadalcanal and Tulagi, in the Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 27, 1914 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Churubusco, Indiana

STARKWEATHER, MARK W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Mark W. Starkweather, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of a demolition party attached to the Fleet Tug U.S.S. CHEROKEE (AT-66), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River in order to land raiders near a strategic airport, Lieutenant Starkweather and his crew, on the night of 9 November, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his shipmates skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack, Lieutenant Starkweather dauntlessly started back and, in spite of enormous breakers which battered his boat, brought her and her courageous crew back to safety. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: July 30, 1901 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio

STAUBER, VAN GORDON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Van Gordon Stauber, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Flying beyond the normal combat range of his airplane, Ensign Stauber carried out a damaging bombing attack to contribute to the success of his squadron's mission. His expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: January 24, 1923 at Woodward, Oklahoma
Home Town: University Park, Maryland

STEAR, DAVID SMILEY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Smiley Stear, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), on 20 June 1944, while deployed over the Philippine Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 11, 1920 at Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania

*STEARNS, ROBERT LLOYD
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Lloyd Stearns (0-114500), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron NINE (VC-9), embarked from the U.S.S. BOGUE (CVE-9), in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic Ocean on 23 July 1943. Although rain and light mist necessitated frequent instrument flying, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stearns launched an immediate attack when the hostile undersea craft was sighted in the waters below. Skillfully maneuvering his plane for maximum striking power despite intense enemy anti-aircraft fire, he accurately released several depth bombs which exploded at the stern of the submarine, causing fatal detonation aboard the hostile ship. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stearns' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: April 19, 1921 at Twin Falls, Idaho
Home Town: Port Chester, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*STEARNS, ROBERT LLOYD (MIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Lloyd Stearns (0-114500), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron NINE (VC-9), embarked from the U.S.S. BOGUE (CVE-9), in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic Ocean on 4 October 1943. Flying his torpedo bomber on antisubmarine patrol, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stearns sighted a concentration of four surfaced "U" Boats. Flashing word back to his carrier, he immediately closed in on the submarines for a bombing attack. In the face of furious antiaircraft fire from the four submarines, he launched an expert and daring run. Then he courageously remained in hazardous contact with the enemy to direct relief planes to the area. Upon arrival of other carrier planes, he skillfully coordinate their efforts for a concerted attack. In the ensuing well-planned action, he fought his bomber valiantly and scored devastating hits that possibly destroyed one of the submarines. Positive indications of the accuracy of his attack and the probably destruction of the submarine were furnished by the large number of floating objects and the heavy oil slick seen on the surface afterwards. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Stearns' superb airmanship and invincible fighting spirit were an inspiration to his comrades and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944) & 336 March 1945
Born: April 19, 1921 at Twin Falls, Idaho
Home Town: Port Chester, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

STEFFENHAGEN, LAWRENCE F.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence F. Steffenhagen, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and strong fighter opposition, Lieutenant Steffenhagen pressed home an attack against an enemy aircraft carrier to within the dangerously short range of a few hundred yards of the target. He was able to score a hit on the enemy ship by utter disregard for his own safety and determination in carrying out his mission. Contributing to the destruction of the enemy carrier and to the success of our forces in the Coral Sea Battle, he conducted himself on this occasion in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: October 16, 1912 at Frontenac, Minnesota
Home Town: Hastings, Michigan
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STEFFENHAGEN, LAWRENCE F.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Lawrence F. Steffenhagen, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SIX (VT-86), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 16, 1912 at Frontenac, Minnesota
Home Town: Hastings, Michigan
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*STEIGER, EARL HENRY (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Earl Henry Steiger, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Composite Squadron THIRTEEN (VC-13), embarked from the U.S.S. CORE (CVE-13), while protecting a torpedo bomber on antisubmarine patrol in the Atlantic on 13 July 1943. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Earl H. Steiger attacked a German submarine which had been caught on the surface in the face of heavy antiaircraft fire from the submarine, and continued strafing it until ammunition was exhausted. He made two strafing attacks under continuous anti-aircraft fire, clearing the submarine's decks sufficiently to permit a TBF plane to make a depth-charge run which resulted in disabling of the submarine. On the third attack, with ammunition in one gun only, Lieutenant Steiger's plane was seen to fall off the left wing and disappear into the water. Search of area failed to locate body or wreckage of plane. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 323 (February 1944)
Born: January 23, 1919 at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Buffalo, New York

STEINMETZ, EVERETT HARTWELL
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Everett Hartwell Steinmetz, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CREVALLE (SS-291), on the SICTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 28 March 1945 to 3 May 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Steinmetz brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STEINMETZ, EVERETT HARTWELL
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Everett Hartwell Steinmetz, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CREVALLE (SS-291), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 May 1945 to 5 July 1945, in enemy controlled waters in the Sea of Japan. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Steinmetz brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STELLA, EMIL BERNARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Emil Bernard Stella, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant Stella's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 18, 1914 at Hurley, Wisconsin
Home Town: Hurley, Wisconsin

STEPHAN, CHARLES ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Robert Stephan, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. WOODWORTH (DD-460), a United States Destroyer, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine-Formosa Area, on 13 October 1944. While his ship was stationed as picket ship for a Task Group, Commander Stephan gave timely warnings of continuous enemy night air attacks threatening all Task Groups of the Carrier Task Force and, during one night Torpedo Plane attack, initially engaged the enemy, breaking up the attack by shooting down three hostile planes. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 30, 1911 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Richmond Hill, Long Island, New York

STEPHAN, EDWARD O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward O. Commander, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAYBACK (SS-208), during the War Patrols of that submarine in 1942 and 1943. Commander Stephan attacked and damaged a large amount of Japanese shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Stephan brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: June 12, 1907 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Westgate, Maryland

STEPHENS, CHARLES T., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles T. Stephens, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action on 10 March 1942, over enemy-controlled waters near New Guinea. Lieutenant Stephens' outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STERRIE, NORMAN ANDERSON
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman Anderson Sterrie, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Sterrie pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 14, 1917 at St. James, Minnesota
Home Town: St. James, Minnesota
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STERRIE, NORMAN ANDERSON
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Norman Anderson Sterrie, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces on 8 May 1942, in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and concerted enemy fighter opposition, Lieutenant Sterrie closed to within a few hundred yards of the target to execute a fearless and determined attack. Scoring a hit on an enemy aircraft carrier, he thereby contributed to the severe damage and probable destruction of the vessel and aided materially in the success of the operation. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: November 14, 1917 at St. James, Minnesota
Home Town: St. James, Minnesota
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STERRIE, NORMAN ANDERSON
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Norman Anderson Sterrie, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), attached to the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant Sterrie's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: November 14, 1917 at St. James, Minnesota
Home Town: St. James, Minnesota
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STETSON, THOMAS HALLIDAY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Halliday Stetson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STEVENS, CHARLES ZOLLICOFFER, III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Zollicoffer Stevens, III, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned an aircraft carrier as a target, Ensign Stevens defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Stevens and the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 10, 1923 at Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Home Town: Petal, Mississippi

STEVENS, CLYDE BENJAMIN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clyde Benjamin Stevens, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PLAICE (SS-390), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 4 June 1944 to 25 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Stevens brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STEVENS, PAUL F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul F. Stevens, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED FOUR (VPB-104), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Mindoro, Philippine Islands, on the night of 26 December 1944. Sighting a large enemy Task Force which was en route to attack our newly-established base at Mindoro, Lieutenant Stevens accurately reported his contacts and alerted the base, with the result that defensive aircraft were dispatched to the scene and preparations were made to avert the destruction of the garrison and shipping. In addition to warning the base of approaching danger, he courageously pressed home an attack in the face of intense antiaircraft fire from the Naval batteries to score at lease two direct hits on a Yamato type battleship. Lieutenant Stevens' aggressive devotion to duty in detecting the convoy and tracking it for twenty-four hours was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 27, 1921 at Joplin, Missouri
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Silver Stars (WWII)

STEVENS, WESLEY H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wesley H. Stevens, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STEVENSON, HARRY C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry C. Stevenson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ASPRO (SS-309), in action on 15 December 1943, during the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. The conduct of Commander Stevenson throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 23, 1906 at North Baltimore, Ohio
Home Town: East Liverpool, Ohio

STEVENSON, WILLIAM A.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William A. Stevenson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ASPRO (SS-309), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 July 1944 to 18 August 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Stevenson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 8, 1911 at Liepsie, Ohio
Home Town: Eugene, Oregon
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STEVENSON, WILLIAM A.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William A. Stevenson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ASPRO (SS-309), during a War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area in 1944. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Stevenson throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 8, 1911 at Liepsie, Ohio
Home Town: Eugene, Oregon
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STEWARD, JERRY ALEXANDER (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jerry Alexander Steward, Lieutenant (CEC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with the SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite Navy Yard, in combat against enemy Japanese forces during the bombardment and occupation of the Philippine Islands beginning on 10 December 1941. Lieutenant Steward was courageous and untiring under repeated and sustained hostile bombing and strafing attacks. He rendered valiant service during the gallant stand by our forces against a prolonged and determined siege by the Japanese. The conduct of Lieutenant Steward throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: January 27, 1895 at Kirven, Texas
Home Town: Streetman, Texas

STEWART, FRANCIS E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis E. Stewart, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman attached to a Marine rifle company, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 28 May 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Stewart undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STEWART, JAMES SETH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Seth Stewart, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VF-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 13 September 1944, while deployed over the Philippines. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 3, 1918 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Beverley Hills, California

*STICKELL, JOHN HARLAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Harlan Stickell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PB4Y Patrol Plane of Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED EIGHT (VB-108), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Marshall Islands on 12 December 1943. Lieutenant Stickell volunteered to participate in a hazardous two-plane bombing strike against an underground oil storage at Jabor, Jaluit Atoll. Although seriously wounded en route while destroying numerous hostile installation, he continued to his target where he scored a direct hit upon Japanese oil storage before his injuries forced him to relinquish the controls. Knowing of the danger to his plane and crew in attempting to land on the narrow runway at Tarawa, he directed his copilot to proceed to another base several hundred miles away, stoically enduring the intense pain of his wounds which later proved fatal. Lieutenant Stickell's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: July 31, 1914 at Gilson, Illinois
Home Town: Gilson, Illinois

STIESBERG, FREDERICK MAX
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Max Stiesberg, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HILARY P. JONES (DD-427), in action against the enemy on 7 and 8 September 1944, at the Riviera. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: at Fort Smith, Arkansas
Home Town: Fort Smith, Arkansas

STIGLER, STEPHEN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stephen L. Stigler, Lieutenant (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Junior Medical Officer of the landing forces of the SECOND Marine Raider Battalion against Japanese-held Makin Island, on 17 and 18 August 1942. Lieutenant Stigler braved intense enemy fire to evacuate helpless and injured on the front lines, personally carrying many of the wounded to positions of greater safety, thereby enabling himself to administer early and effective aid. During evacuation operations, he swam into the surf and rescued those unable to aid themselves. After returning to his ship, Lieutenant Stigler performed several major operations under most difficult circumstances and, as a result of his skillful and tireless efforts, he succeeded in bringing all of his cases back to base in excellent condition. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Stigler saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: January 13, 1917 at Greenwood, Mississippi
Home Town: Birmingham, Alabama

STIMPSON, CHARLES R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles R. Stimpson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron ELEVEN (VF-11), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 14 October 1944, while deployed over the Solomons. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 24, 1919 at Salt Lake City, Utah
Home Town: Santa Barbara, California

STIMSON, PAUL C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul C. Stimson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEA ROBIN (SS-407), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 24 February 1945 to 29 April 1945, in enemy controlled waters off Singapore. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Stimson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STOKELY, GEORGE DAVID
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George David Stokely, Aviation Radioman First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron EIGHT (VS-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese naval and air forces near the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 3, 1913 at Edwina, Tennessee
Home Town: Knoxville, Tennessee

STOKES, THOMAS M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas M. Stokes, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division TEN (DesDiv 10), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Commander Stokes was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Commander Stokes contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: February 2, 1899 at Fulton, Alabama
Home Town: Meridian, Mississippi

STONE, GEORGE L. P., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George L. P. Stone, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Aviation Ordnance Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar, Lieutenant Commander Stone directed a disposal party which jettisoned a large number of high caliber bombs and rockets, some of which were extricated from amidst the wreckage of burning aircraft and were so heated and damaged it was impossible to defuse them. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Stone throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)

STONE, LOWELL T.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lowell T. Stone, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LAPON (SS-260), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 13 February 1944 to 1 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Stone brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 15, 1906 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: Benson, Minnesota

STONE, REID WENTWORTH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Reid Wentworth Stone, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Stone, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: January 2, 1918 at Aurora, Illinois
Home Town: Oswego, Oregon

STOOPS, THOMAS M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas M. Stoops, Gunner, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Gunner on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar, Gunner Stoops organized firefighting and damage control parties, jettisoning hot ammunition and bombs, some of which were extricated from amidst the wreckage of burning aircraft and were so heated and damaged it was impossible to defuse them. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Stoops throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Home Town: Deshler, Nebraska

*STORMES, MAX CLIFFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Max Clifford Stormes, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PRESTON (DD-379), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 14 - 15 November 1942. Although his ship was repeatedly hit by numerically superior Japanese forces, Commander Stormes and his valiant crew maintained a continual and devastating fire against the enemy vessels, inflicting serious damage. His inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)
Born: July 27, 1903 at Big Flats, New York
Home Town: San Diego, California

*STORMS, EARL LAVON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Earl LaVon Storms, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with a Rifle Company of the FIRST Marine Division during action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester in the Bismarck Archipelago on 14 January 1944. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Storms constantly exposed himself to heavy enemy fire in order to administer first aid to 15 comrades who had been wounded in a fierce encounter in the vicinity of Hill 660. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Storms undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 328 (July 1944)
Born: June 12, 1921 at Preston, Idaho
Home Town: Gardena, California

STOUFFER, GEORGE OSCAR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Oscar Stouffer, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron THIRTY-SEVEN (VC-37), embarked from the U.S.S. SANGAMON (CVE-26), in operations against superior enemy surface units threatening our forces in near Samar in the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. His outstanding conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 26, 1918 at Lanark, Illinois
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*STOUT, CHARLES B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles B. Stout, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Marianas Islands, during the period 15 June 1944 through 31 July 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Stout undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: November 14, 1925 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Petersburg, Florida

STOUT, EARL LINCOLN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Earl Lincoln Stout, Jr., Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as Company Medical Corpsman with the First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against Japanese forces on Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 8 and 9 July 1944. Coming upon an entire machine-gun crew wounded during an enemy counterattack, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Stout, although continuously under enemy fire, promptly treated the casualties, disregarding the personal danger. Then he obtained spare parts for the damaged machine gun and, retracing his perilous way to the position, repaired and manned the gun, thereby filling a vital place in the line. Obtaining information from the wounded as to where his help was most needed because of heavy enemy attacks on the line, he repeatedly braved terrific blasts of Japanese fire to give prompt and efficient aid to all casualties throughout the encounter. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Stout undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 26, 1923 at Long Beach, California
Home Town: Bakersfield, California

STOUT, HEROLD FRANKLIN
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herold Franklin Stout, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CLAXTON (DD-571), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. With his Task Force engaging a Japanese surface force of superior fire power, Lieutenant Commander Stout sought out and engaged six Japanese warships, pressing home vigorous and unrelenting attacks. He hurled the full fighting strength of his ship against the enemy and, by his inspiring leadership and skilled combat tactics, evoked the indomitable fighting spirit which enabled his officers and men to contribute materially to the sinking of four ships and the serious damaging of two others, thereby aiding in the establishment of our beachhead on Bougainville Island. Commander Stout's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 15, 1903 at Dover, Ohio
Home Town: Dover, Ohio
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STOUT, HEROLD FRANKLIN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Herold Franklin Stout, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CLAXTON (DD-571), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. With his Task Force engaging a Japanese surface force of superior fire power, Commander Armstrong daringly sought out and engaged six Japanese warships, pressing home vigorous and unrelenting attacks. Lieutenant Commander Stout fought his ship with resolute courage and daring aggressiveness, frequently risking his own personal safety to press home vigorous, unrelenting attacks upon Japanese surface forces. By his extreme valor and inspiring leadership, he evoked the indomitable fighting spirit which enabled the gallant officers and men under his command to contribute materially to the crushing defeat imposed on the enemy in the sinking of four ships and the serious damaging of two others. An expert seaman and tactician, Captain Stout retired the U.S.S. CLAXTON from the engagement without loss or damage. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 15, 1903 at Dover, Ohio
Home Town: Dover, Ohio
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STOVALL, WILLIAM S., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William S. Stovall, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUDGEON (SS-211), during the FOURTH War Patrol of that vessel. During the period 11 July 1942 until 2 September 1942, Lieutenant Commander Stovall conducted a highly successful and aggressive submarine patrol in enemy controlled waters of the Caroline Islands. After successfully locating enemy forces, Lieutenant Commander Stovall expertly maneuvered his ship into favorable attack position and boldly engaged the enemy with the result that the GUDGEON was enabled to sink four large Japanese vessels, three of which were closely convoyed by enemy destroyers. His outstanding leadership, aggressiveness and gallant devotion to duty reflect great credit upon Lieutenant Commander Stovall, his command and the United States Naval Service.
Pers328-hwb Serian (misc), January 30, 1943
Born: November 17, 1907 at Lucedale, Mississippi
Home Town: Picayune, Mississippi
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STOVALL, WILLIAM S., JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William S. Stovall, Jr., Captain [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUDGEON (SS-221), during the FIFTH War Patrol of that vessel in the Solomon Islands Area from 8 October 1942 to 1 December 1942. Cool and courageous despite the strain of prolonged undersea operations in hazardous enemy waters, Captain Stovall pressed home his attacks in the face of intense hostile countermeasures and, launching repeated torpedo assaults on his targets, sank three escorted enemy auxiliary ships, totaling 21,500 tons, and severely damaged another escorted auxiliary ship of 7,500 tons. By his skillful evasive tactics in preventing damage to the U.S.S. GUDGEON, his daring aggressiveness and his valiant devotion to duty, Captain Stovall upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Pers 328--ajb, Serial 01120 Cmdr 7th Fleet, (May 11, 1944)
Born: November 17, 1907 at Lucedale, Mississippi
Home Town: Picayune, Mississippi
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*STRADLEY, PRICE ROE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Price Roe Stradley (0-085920), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Stradley pressed a dive bombing attack on an enemy aircraft carrier and obtained a direct bomb hit in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous anti-aircraft fire that appreciably contributed to the sinking of same. His inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Com1stCarTaskFor, Serial 0766 (October 3, 1944)
Born: April 11, 1918 at Galena, Maryland
Home Town: Galena, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Air Medal, 2@ Purple Hearts

*STRADLEY, PRICE ROE
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Price Roe Stradley (0-085920), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay on the Island of Luzon, of the Philippine Group. Lieutenant Stradley's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 11, 1918 at Galena, Maryland
Home Town: Galena, Maryland
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Air Medal, 2@ Purple Hearts

STRAND, LOWELL H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lowell H. Strand, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving at Fisheries TWO in the Philippine Islands, from 7 March 1942 to 19 April 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 3, 1918 at Virginia, Minnesota
Home Town: Virginia, Minnesota

STREAN, BERNARD MAX
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard Max Strean, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron ONE (VF-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. While leading his squadron against the Japanese fleet, he scored a direct bomb hit upon an enemy aircraft carrier. His courage, skill and determination in leading and making the first attack under the most hazardous conditions were so inspirational as to be largely instrumental in the success of an extremely difficult operation. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Commander Strean contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 16, 1910 at Big Cabin, Oklahoma
Home Town: Palo Alto, California

STREDNEY, ALBERT DANIEL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Daniel Stredney, Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy on 24 July 1944, at Tinian in the Northern Marianas Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 20, 1921 at Homestead, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Warren, Ohio

STREET, GEORGE LEVICK, III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Levick Street, III, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TIRANTE (SS-420), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 20 May 1945 to 19 July 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. During this hazardous war patrol in enemy waters, Lieutenant Commander Street made skillful and aggressive attacks which resulted in the sinking of three ships and numerous small craft totaling approximately 7,500 tons. In addition, his entry into hazardous waters in which an enemy collier and docking facilities were destroyed was particularly outstanding. He skillfully evaded all enemy countermeasures and through his experience and sound judgment he brought his ship safely back to port. Lieutenant Commander Street's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Born: July 27, 1913 at Richmond, Virginia
Home Town: Richmond, Virginia
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), Navy Cross (WWII)

*STREETER, EUGENE JARVIS, JR. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Eugene Jarvis Streeter, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FOURTEEN (VF-14), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action against enemy Japanese forces off Mindoro, Philippine Islands, during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Streeter suddenly found himself as the only protection for eight torpedo bombers which were making a strike against large units of the Japanese fleet. When three hostile fighters came in from above, he pressed home an accurate, daring attack which destroyed one of the planes and courageously employed evasive maneuvers with the remaining fighters, vainly attempting to lose them. Although his plane was so severely damaged that he was forced to effect a water landing, he succeeded in diverting the enemy aircraft from the torpedo bombers until assistance arrived, thereby enabling our planes to carry out their highly important mission. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Streeter throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: December 14, 1922 at Fresno, California
Home Town: Fresno, California

*STRICKLAND, YOUNG EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Young Edward Strickland, Chief Watertender, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), in action against the enemy on 24 October 1944, at Luzon during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: February 28, 1921 at Smithfield, North Carolina
Home Town: Smithfield, North Carolina

STRONG, STOCKTON BIRNEY
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stockton Birney Strong, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Commander Strong's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 19, 1916 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STRONG, STOCKTON BIRNEY
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Stockton Birney Strong, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Section Leader in Scouting Squadron TEN (VS-10), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the engagement with enemy Japanese naval and air forces near the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Intercepting a radio report which gave the location of enemy carriers in a sector widely separated from his own, Lieutenant Commander Strong, instead of returning to his carrier as the normal call of duty required, continued toward the enemy ships, knowing full well that he would meet with overwhelming numbers of Japanese fighters and that he might run out of fuel. In attaining position he eluded the enemy fighters and dived toward a large Japanese carrier of the SHOKAKU class, scoring a direct hit on the flight deck. During their retirement, while Lieutenant Commander Strong and his comrades fought off repeated attacks by enemy aircraft, sending one down in flames, he transmitted a complete radio report of his action and then led his men safely back to their carrier. Lieutenant Commander Strong's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 316 (July 1943)
Born: August 19, 1916 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STRONG, STOCKTON BIRNEY
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Stockton Birney Strong, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane in Air Group EIGHTY-FIVE, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 19, 1916 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STUART, ALGIE M., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Algie M. Stuart, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STULDCE, EDMUND J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edmund J. Stuldce, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

STUMP, FELIX BUDWELL
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Felix Budwell Stump, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Unit 77.4.2, in action against the enemy from 18 through 29 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 15, 1894 at Parkersburg, West Virginia
Home Town: Parkersburg, West Virginia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STUMP, FELIX BUDWELL
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Felix Budwell Stump, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Unit 77.12.7, in action against the enemy from 12 to 17 December 1944, at Mindoro in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 15, 1894 at Parkersburg, West Virginia
Home Town: Parkersburg, West Virginia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STYLES, RALPH E.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph E. Styles, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEA DEVIL (SS-400), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 19 November 1944 to 11 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Styles brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 27, 1910 at Asheville, North Carolina
Home Town: Asheville, North Carolina
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

STYLES, RALPH E.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Ralph E. Styles, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEA DEVIL (SS-400), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 7 February 1945 to 20 April 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Yellow Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Styles brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 27, 1910 at Asheville, North Carolina
Home Town: Asheville, North Carolina
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*SUESENS, RICHARD WAYNE (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard Wayne Suesens (0-081622), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Suesens, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: April 30, 1915 at Burlington, Iowa
Home Town: Waterloo, Iowa

SULLIVAN, DENNIS JOSEPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dennis Joseph Sullivan, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. WHITE PLAINS (CVE-66), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 26, 1903 at Butte, Montana
Home Town: Stevensville, Montana

SULLIVAN, STEVEN G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Steven G. Sullivan, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVENTEEN (VT-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SUMMERS, PAUL E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul E. Summers, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PAMPANITO (SS-383), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 17 August 1944 to 28 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Straits in the Philippine Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Summers brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 4, 1913 at Lexington, Tennessee
Home Town: Lexington, Tennessee

SUMPTER, WILLIAM BENJAMIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Benjamin Sumpter, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Catalina Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron THIRTY-THREE (VPB-33), in action on 26 September 1944, while deployed over the North Celebes. While patrolling the Toli Toli Bay, Northern Celebes, on a Black Cat mission the night of 3 October, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, William B. Sumpter led his PBY Catalina in an attack against a 6,000-ton Katori-class light cruiser. His attack was made during the hazardous conditions of bright moonlight and against constant and intense antiaircraft fire from the cruiser. He scored eight bomb hits resulting in explosions and the burning of the cruiser and its sinking. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 13, 1915 at Sasakwa, Oklahoma
Home Town: National City, Oklahoma

SVANDA, VICTOR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Victor Svanda, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SEVENTEEN (VB-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 10, 1920 at Saline County, Nebraska
Home Town: Campbell Hill, Illinois

SWANN, ALONZO A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alonzo A. Swann, Steward's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with operations against the enemy while serving as a Petty Officer aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces when his ship was attacked by a Japanese dive bomber from the starboard side of the ship in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 29 October 1944. Undaunted by the extremely heavy volume of enemy fire which caused extensive damage to the ship, Petty Officer Swann remained in a dangerously exposed position and inadvertently continued to operate his portside gun in its fire over the flight deck. Although it became apparent that the enemy plane was headed directly for his gun tub and despite the imminent danger, he steadfastly continued to deliver effective gun fire upon the enemy until the Japanese plane crashed into the tub and exploded, causing him to be severely burned. Through his daring and resolute determination, Petty Officer Swann was instrumental in thwarting the enemy attack. By his personal valor, significant contribution, and unwavering devotion to duty, Petty Officer Swan reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SWANSON, CHANDLER WATERMAN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Chandler Waterman Swanson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against Japanese forces on 7 and 8 May 1942, during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Swanson's' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 28, 1915 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Upper Montclair, New Jersey
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SWANSON, CHANDLER WATERMAN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Chandler Waterman Swanson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Lieutenant Commander Swanson pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 28, 1915 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Upper Montclair, New Jersey
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SWANSON, CLINTON V.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clinton V. Swanson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Swanson contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 4, 1919 at Minneapolis, Minnesota
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota

SWANSON, LEONARD R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard R. Swanson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 13, 1918 at Houston, Texas
Home Town: Houston, Texas

SWARTHOUT, NEIL F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Neil F. Swarthout, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against Japanese forces on 28 July 1945 while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SWEENEY, JAMES W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James W. Sweeney, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*SWENNING, GUST JUNIOR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Gust Junior Swenning, Shipfitter Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), in action after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. When his ship was struck by a torpedo during action against Japanese forces, Shipfitter Second Class Swenning unhesitatingly dove through the oil and water in a flooded compartment to close a watertight door. The conduct of Shipfitter Second Class Swenning throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: August 2, 1917 at Manor, Texas
Home Town: Malvin, Texas

SWENSON, LYMAN K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lyman K. Swenson, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. JUNEAU (CL-52), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Captain Swenson was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Captain Swenson contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: October 23, 1892 at Pleasant Grove, Utah
Home Town: New York, New York

SWENTZEL, LIVINGSTON, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Livingston Swentzel, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against the enemy on 21 August 1945, during a junk action at Hainan, China. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SWINBURNE, EDWIN R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin R. Swinburne, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Submarine Group Commander, in action from 4 August to 3 October 1944, in the Luzon Straits and the South China Sea. Much of the credit for the submarines' aggressiveness and successful attacks, in spite of severe enemy counter-measures, was largely due to Captain Swinburne's efficient administration and inspiring leadership in coordinating these submarines into an efficient attack force. His conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Born: May 19, 1904 at Newport, Rhode Island
Home Town: Newport, Rhode Island

SWINT, GEORGE, III
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Swint, III, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 9, 1923 at Nashville, Tennessee
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee

SWITZER, GEORGE D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George D. Switzer, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against Japanese forces on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

SYKES, JAMES B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James B. Sykes, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against the enemy from 10 February 1945 through 19 May 1945, at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

SYMMES, JOHN C. C.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John C. C. Symmes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces while assigned to a fighter sweep mission against enemy aircraft in the vicinity of Formosa on 12 October 1944.
Born: August 19, 1917 at Berlin, Germany
Home Town: Lake Wales, Florida
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

SYMMES, JOHN C. C.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John C. C. Symmes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 19, 1917 at Berlin, Germany
Home Town: Lake Wales, Florida
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

 C 

 D 

E - F

G - H 

I - J

K - L

 M 

N - O

P - Q

 R 

 S 

T - U

V - Z

Please Contact Us if you have further information on any of these awards.

.

Copyright 1999-2014 by HomeOfHeroes.com
     2115 West 13th Street - Pueblo, CO 81003

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Unless otherwise noted, all materials by C. Douglas Sterner

Home Page

Hall Of Heroes

MOH Community 

NEWS

Kidz Page

FEATURE STORIES
  Profiles In Courage | Wings of ValorThe Brotherhood of Soldiers At War | Go For Broke
 Pearl Harbor  | A Splendid Little War | Shinmiyangyo-Korea 1871 | Quick Links to MOH Stories

RECIPIENT WEB SITES
Barney Barnum  |  Jack Lucas  |  Mitch Paige  |  Wesley Fox  |  Sammy Davis
Roger Donlon
Peter Lemon  |  Drew Dix  |  Mike Novosel

Medal Of Honor Calendar  |  Books By MOH RecipientsSteve Ryan MOH Posters

What Does 
A Hero Look Like?

Click on Superman To Find out


FOOTNOTES
In
HISTORY

NEW
Looking for a Hero or trying to verify awards? We have posted the names of more than 120,000 recipients of the highest awards in a BRAND NEW FREE SECTION
DECORATIONS 1862 - Present
.

Military Medals & Awards 

Information and Images of ALL Military Medals
The Purple Heart 
How to Request Records/Medals Earned
  How to Obtain Military Records of a Family Member 

Honor Roll of America's Military Heroes


Brevet Medal


DSC 


Navy Cross 


Air Force Cross 

Distinguished Service Medals

Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force - Coast Guard - Merchant Marine



Silver Star

U.S. History and Information
The History Room | U.S. Flag HistoryHistory of the Flag |
How to Display the Flag
| The National Anthem | The Pledge of Allegiance The American Creed | The Seal of our Nation | Our National Symbol
Arthur MacArthur's Flag | William Carney's Flag | FDR's Flag of Liberation]

FLAG DAY           STATE FLAGS
American Presidents
U.S. Presidents | Inaugural Addresses

God & Country
ROOM

MY HERO Web Page Creator 
(Create a Tribute to the Hero in Your Own Life)

SEARCH
bn_search.jpg (3967 bytes)
OUR SITE

EDUCATIONAL

GAME ARCADE

OR
Quick Quiz

***
Electronic Post Cards
Talking Points 

Remembering 911
The Binch
Citizens Speak Out

BEYOND THE MEDAL

This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public!


 

HomeOfHeroes.com now has more than 25,000 pages of US History for you to view.