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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

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P

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

PADBERG, JOHN WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John William Padberg, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action On 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*PADDOCK, MERLIN N.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Merlin N. Paddock, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane and Air Group Commander, embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PAGE, JOHN DONALD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Donald Page, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PAGE, JOHN EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Edward Page, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against the enemy during World War II. (No further information is available on this recipient or this award at the present time.)
Born: May 26, 1905 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Jacksonville, Florida

PAGEL, JOSEPH LLOYD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Lloyd Pagel, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. PORTLAND (CA-33), in action against the enemy during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. During the hazardous night action Seaman Second Class Pagel remained at his station as the control circuit telephone operator in the Starboard five inch director. Even though seriously wounded by a shell fragment which passed through both legs, he refrained from mentioning his injuries until a lull in the action permitted his relief. Pagel had continued the transmission of control orders and reports in a distinct and calm manner thereby making possible continuous control of his battery which was engaged in illuminating the enemy with star shells. His courageous conduct in remaining at his station despite his weakened condition, and with complete disregard for his own safety, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: June 12, 1922 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

PALAND, RICHARD WARREN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Warren Paland, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PALERMO, CARLO J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carlo J. Palermo, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VT-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PALMER, FITZHUGH LEE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fitzhugh Lee Palmer, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Tactical Leader of Escort Fighting Squadron TWENTY-SIX (VF-26), attached to the U.S.S. SANGAMON (ACV-26), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco, November 8 - 11, 1942. Pressing home audacious low-altitude attacks in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Palmer, on the morning of 8 November led his squadron in daring raids against enemy anti-aircraft installations and hostile aircraft both on the ground and in the air and, by his courage and skill, personally sent one bomber down in flames. Later, while attacking hostile ground forces, his plane was hit and severely damaged by enemy fire, but, despite the consequent operational difficulties, he persevered in maintaining control of the aircraft until a safe landing had been made on board his carrier. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 18, 1913 at Redwood, North Carolina
Home Town: Emporia, Virginia

PALMER, GEORGE G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George G. Palmer, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. COLE (DD-155), while leading the first wave of assault boats against enemy forces during the occupation of the harbor of Safi, French Morocco, 8 November 1942. In a remarkable demonstration of seamanship and resourcefulness, Lieutenant Commander Palmer navigated the Cole by a difficult and hazardous approach through unknown waters into the crowded harbor where she landed all troops alongside a dock. This exceptional feat was accomplished in almost total darkness while the ship was under the crossfire of three enemy coast defense batteries and several machine guns mounted on the harbor jetties, without loss of embarked personnel or material damage. Lieutenant Commander Palmer's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: January 25, 1908 at Cartersville, South Carolina
Home Town: Charleston, South Carolina

*PANCAKE, LEE SYLVESTER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lee Sylvester Pancake, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineering Officer of Destroyer Squadron TWO, during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: April 24, 1907 at Kramer, North Carolina
Home Town: Cumberland, Maryland

PANTHER, RICHARD D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard D. Panther, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED EIGHT (VPB-108), in action against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island on 9 May 1945. Flying through extremely hazardous weather to participate in a strike against this enemy stronghold, Lieutenant, Junior Grade Panther braved intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from enemy gun emplacements and rifle fire which riddled his plane to press home his attack at a minimum altitude. Gallantly fighting his plane, he assisted in the destruction of two grounded enemy planes, strafed and bombed enemy installations with highly damaging results and inflicted severe casualties on hostile troops. His skilled airmanship, indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*PAQUET, FREEMAN, JR. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Freeman Paquet, Jr. (2071961), Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving on board the U.S.S. HARDER (SS-257), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 March 1944 to 20 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific Area. On 1 April 1944, during that war patrol, Gunner's Mate First Class Paquet served as a member of a volunteer rescue team dispatched from the HARDER to an enemy held island to rescue a naval aviator whose plane had been shot down. Although fully aware that unforeseen circumstance might result in the forced abandonment of the entire party, Gunner's Mate First Class Paquet courageously fought his way through the breakers and a coral reef despite dangerous hostile sniper fire and locating the exhausted aviator, succeeded in bringing him back to Harder. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 10, 1919 at Milford, Connecticut
Home Town: Milford, Connecticut

PARHAM, WILLIAM B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William B. Parham, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GABILAN (SS-252), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 20 March 1945 to 28 May 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Java Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Parham brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PARISH, HERMAN OLLIFF
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herman Olliff Parish, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commander of a Destroyer Squadron commander in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*PARISH, WARREN GRIFFITH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Warren Griffith Parish, Lieutenant (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as a Medical Officer at the Division Hospital, THIRD Marine Division, at Guam in the Marianas Islands, during an attack by Japanese forces on 26 July 1944. Lieutenant Parish calmly and deliberately carried on a series of surgical operations on wounded patients. With the hospital subjected to a fierce and organized attack by rifles, machine guns and mortars, and with the bullets and fragments continually penetrating his station, he completed his vital task. When his patients had been evacuated, Lieutenant Parish left his post to render further service to combat casualties. He was mortally wounded while proceeding in front of our lines to assist another wounded man. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Parish saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)
Born: November 1, 1907 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Cleveland Heights, Ohio

PARKER, ALTON ENOCH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alton Enoch Parker, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MANNERT L. ABELE (DD-733), on 2 April 1945, while deployed off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

PARKER, EDWARD NELSON
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Nelson Parker, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PAROTT (DD-218, and for extreme courage and complete disregard for his own personal safety in the face of heavy opposition during the Battle of Makassar Strait, on the night of 23 - 24 January 1942, in delivering a successful attack upon enemy Japanese forces off Balikpapan, Borneo, Netherlands East Indies. Lieutenant Commander Parker directed his destroyer through a large concentration of enemy craft and succeeded by his skillful maneuvering in inflicting heavy damage on the enemy. This action and the high morale of his command reflect most favorably on Lieutenant Commander Parker's ability a leader and officer, and are in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 7, 1904 at Avalon, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PARKER, EDWARD NELSON
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Edward Nelson Parker, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division FIFTY, in action against enemy Japanese naval forces at Badoeng Straits off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. Lieutenant Commander Parker exercised capable leadership and skill with the result that several hits were scored on the opposing forces. Following his attack he withdrew his forces from grave danger without serious damage, a credit to his excellent judgment and fine seamanship. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: July 7, 1904 at Avalon, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PARKER, EDWARD NELSON
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Edward Nelson Parker, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division FIFTEEN (DesDiv 15), aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. Cushing (DD-376), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. The force to which he was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force. Commander Parker's daring and determination contributed materially to the victory which prevented the enemy from accomplishing his purposes. Lieutenant Commander Parker's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: July 7, 1904 at Avalon, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PARKER, EDWIN B., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin B. Parker, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIVE (VT-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Parker's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 19, 1911 at San Jose, California
Home Town: Oakland, California

*PARKER, ROBERT BROWNWELL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Brownwell Parker, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Parker and the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 25, 1921 at Dallas, Texas
Home Town: Troup, Texas

*PARKER, THADDEUS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thaddeus Parker, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Company Corpsman with the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during an engagement with enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 - 14 September 1942. When his company was almost completely surrounded by the Japanese and under attack from all directions, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Parker, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, constantly exposed himself to enemy fire to care for and evacuate the wounded. As a result of his dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Parker undoubtedly saved the lives of many of the injured who otherwise might have perished. His courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: November 13, 1923 at Cross City, Florida
Home Town: Cross City, Florida

PARKER, WAYNE ALBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wayne Albert Parker, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineering Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. Ringgold (DD-500), during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. When an enemy shell penetrated the after engine room below the waterline of his ship, Lieutenant Parker plugged the underwater hole with his body, preventing flooding until emergency repairs could be made. Then with total disregard for personal safety he cleared the room of all personnel and disposed of the live shell by carrying it topside and disposing of it overboard. The conduct of Lieutenant Parker throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 9, 1908 at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Home Town: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

PARKER, WILLIAM H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William H. Parker, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PARKER, WILLIAM WHITEFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Whiteford Parker, Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. ARIZONA (BB-39), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Despite orders from his gun captain to take cover, Seaman First Class Parker remained at his station on antiaircraft gun No. 1 with two other members of his gun crew until he was blown overboard by an explosion. The conduct of Seaman First Class Parker throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 2, 1916 at Bannethburn, Georgia
Home Town: Picayune, Mississippi

PARKS, LEWIS SMITH
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis Smith Parks, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POMPANO (SS-181), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 18 December 1941 to 31 January 1942, in enemy controlled waters near Wake Island. During this aggressive war patrol, Lieutenant Commander Parks sighted a 17,000-ton enemy ship and was maneuvering into position to fire his torpedoes when his submarine was discovered by Japanese planes and surface craft. Bombs and depth charges were dropped immediately, but Lieutenant Commander Parks maneuvered his submarine into position for the attack, opened fire with torpedoes, sank his quarry. Despite the severe enemy bombing and depth charge attacks that partially disabled his submarine, he coolly directed his ship in a subsequent escape without injury to personnel or further injury to his ship. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Parks brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Born: April 13, 1902 at Bayport, L.I., New York
Home Town: Wilmington, Delaware
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PARKS, LEWIS SMITH
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Lewis Smith Parks, Captain, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POMPANO (SS-181), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 20 April 1942 to 18 June 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. During an aggressive and successful patrol in enemy Japanese controlled waters, Captain Parks pressed home every favorable attack opportunity with courageous skill and efficiency, successfully destroying a total of 16,485 tons of Japanese shipping despite vigorous anti-submarine measures on the part of the enemy. Through his experience and sound judgment Captain Parks brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 13, 1902 at Bayport, L.I., New York
Home Town: Wilmington, Delaware
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PARKS, LEWIS SMITH
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Lewis Smith Parks, Captain, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Submarine Coordinated Attack Group Number NINE, on board the U.S.S. PARCHE (SS-384), during the FIRST and SECOND War Patrols of that vessel during the period 13 April 1944 to 1 August 1944, during operations against Japanese shipping off the Luzon Straits and in the South China Sea. During these attacks seven enemy ships and two armed patrol craft totaling 57,000 tons were sunk and five additional enemy ships totaling 33,930 tons were damaged in the face of severe enemy countermeasures. Through his experience and sound judgment Captain Parks brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 13, 1902 at Bayport, L.I., New York
Home Town: Wilmington, Delaware
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*PARMELEE, ERWIN CLARK (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Erwin Clark Parmelee, Chief Carpenter's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), in action after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. The success of Chief Carpenter's Mate Parmelee's efforts to perfect the damage control organization of his ship was illustrated when his ship remained afloat and accomplished the feat of reaching port after extensive damage had been wrought by an explosion caused by a torpedo hit which detonated the forward magazines and gasoline tank. The conduct of Chief Carpenter's Mate Parmelee throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: October 14, 1900 at Haddam, Connecticut
Home Town: Haddam, Connecticut

PARMLEY, NORMAN B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman B. Parmley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron EIGHTY (VC-80), embarked from the U.S.S. MANILA BAY (CVE-61), and deployed over Samar on 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 20, 1919 at Murphysboro, Illinois
Home Town: Murphysboro, Illinois

PARRISH, WARREN COLEMAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Warren Coleman Parrish, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Parrish participated in a bombing attack on the Japanese battleship MUSASHI. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Parrish's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 27, 1921 at Greenville, North Carolina
Home Town: Greenville, North Carolina

PARROTT, JOHN OLIVER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Oliver Parrott, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as First Lieutenant on board the Destroyer U.S.S. CORRY (DD-463), near St. Vaast off the Coast of France, after that vessel struck a mine on 6 June 1944. After word had been given to abandon ship, and while the ship was sinking under the gunfire of shore batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Parrott went down into the forward fireroom of the ship to rescue a Watertender Third Class trapped under the grating of the upper level, who was swimming in fuel oil and water. Although the atmosphere of the fireroom was filled with live steam, at extreme risk to his own life, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Parrott went under the grating and pulled the enlisted man to safety. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Parrott throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 332 (November 1944)
Born: May 4, 1915 at Birmingham, Alabama
Home Town: Pasadena, Texas

PARSONS, CHARLES
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Parsons, Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession in action against an enemy of the United States. On or about 13 October 1944, Commander Parsons proceeded to Leyte, Philippine Islands, and effected a landing in enemy-controlled territory. At night, alone and unassisted in total disregard of his own safety, he made his way through the enemy lines and successfully established contact with friendly guerrilla troops ashore. He then provided for the successful transmittal to the Fleet of accurate information concerning enemy defenses, disposition and strength which was of great value to the Fleet in furtherance of landing operations. He further provided for the withdrawal to safety of friendly civil population without unduly alerting the enemy, thereby saving many friendly lives and much property. In the execution of these missions, for which he had volunteered, he repeatedly and in total disregard for his own safety, knowing exposed himself to the risk of death or capture at the hands of the enemy. The high courage exhibited by him and the brilliant and successful execution of his missions were a source of inspiration to all hands and of very material aid in the successful execution of the mission of the Central Philippine Attack Force. His conduct on this occasion was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
CMDR, 7th Flt File P15 (F-6) Serial 00248 (17 January 1945)
Born: April 22, 1902 at Shelbyville, Tennessee
Home Town: Shelby, Tennessee
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII)

PARSONS, CHARLES
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Charles Parsons, Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Southwest Pacific Area, in 1943 and 1944. Exhibiting high courage in the performance of his dangerous missions, in connection with the supplying of guerrilla forces in the Philippine Islands, Commander Parsons contributed materially to the successful execution of vital operations against the enemy. His inspiring leadership and gallant devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 22, 1902 at Shelbyville, Tennessee
Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII)

PASKOSKI, JOSEPH JOHN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph John Paskoski, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant Paskoski's valiant leadership, inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 22, 1919 at Millville, New Jersey
Home Town: Millville, New Jersey

PATRICK, GOLDSBROUGH SERPELL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Goldsbrough Serpell Patrick, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PRESTON (DD-379), in action against the enemy from 24 March 1944 through 22 June 1944, off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

PATTERSON, WILLIAM WEBB
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Webb Patterson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINE (VT-9), attached to the U.S.S. SHAMROCK BAY (CVE-84), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet off Kyushu, Japan, 7 April 1945. Flying by instruments through a heavy overcast in a daring attack against a hostile light cruiser and screening destroyer, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Patterson broke through the clouds and pressed home his attack to point-blank range in the face of intense antiaircraft fire to score a direct hit and contribute materially to the sinking of the cruiser a minute later. Subjected to intense antiaircraft fire from the cruiser and destroyer during his retirement from the strike, he brought his plane and crew through unscathed. By his superior airmanship and gallant fighting spirit, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Patterson upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: at Suffolk, Virginia
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

PATTIE, DONALD ARCHIE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Archie Pattie, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-THREE (VT-23), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*PATTISON, WILLIAM JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Joseph Pattison, Signalman Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. EBERLE (DD-430), in action against the enemy in the Atlantic Ocean, on 10 March 1943. When a hostile blockade runner was intercepted and attacked, Signalman Third Class Pattison, as a member of a boarding party attempting to salvage the vessel, was the second man to reach her deck. Despite grave danger from threatening flames and the powerful explosions of demolition charges, he courageously assisted in conducting a determined effort to execute salvage operations, and by his skillful use of semaphore flags kept his own ship accurately informed of the situation, remaining at his post until the runner began to sink. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: January 15, 1921 at Long Island, New York
Home Town: Marion, Indiana

PAUK, JOHN F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John F. Pauk, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 5 June 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Pauk undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PAXTON, NORMAN L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman L. Paxton, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY-5 Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron THIRTY-FOUR (VPB-34), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the South Molucca Sea on the night of 31 July 1944. Lieutenant Paxton skillfully located a large enemy freighter-transport, protected by two escorts, at anchor in a small harbor, and attacked in bright moonlight although he knew the enemy force had been alerted and was in an advantageous tactical position to defend itself. Gliding to a low altitude in the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire which severely damaged his aircraft, he scored two direct hits and two near misses on the merchant vessel, resulting in its destruction, and then safely brought his plane back to base despite its damaged condition. His actions on this occasion displayed outstanding courage and aggressiveness, professional ability, and a determination to bring destruction to the enemy in utter disregard of his own personal safety, in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 6, 1917 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

PAYNE, OWEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Owen Payne, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PAYNE, RICHARD B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard B. Payne, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-EIGHT (VT-88), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 18 July 1945, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PAYNTER, WILLIAM KUEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Kuen Paynter, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat THREE HUNDRED SIXTY-TWO (PT-362), which was engaged with another in a patrol of enemy-held waters in the Southwest Pacific Area, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Paynter closed the beach to make a firing run on an enemy vessel. The other ship suffered a disabling hit which left her lying dead in the water directly in front of enemy batteries. Without hesitation, and with complete disregard for his own life, he took his vessel between the active shore batteries and his sister ship, and made runs on the batteries in an effort to silence the guns and enable the crippled vessel to effect repairs. When requested to come alongside and take them in tow, he smartly brought his ship around and made preparations for towing. At this moment the Commanding Officer of his sister ship requested that personnel be evacuated from his vessel and gave the command to abandon ship. He successfully evacuated all but one man of the entire crew, many of whom were wounded. The intensity and accuracy of enemy fire throughout the entire action was such that several men on board his own ship were also wounded. His courage, cool judgment, and decisive action enabled an otherwise helpless crew to be saved. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Paynter were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 12, 1916 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Cochranville, Pennsylvania

PECK, GEORGE WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George William Peck, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Peck's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 28, 1922 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Fresno, California

*PEIFFER, CARL DAVID (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl David Peiffer (0-100074), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Peiffer, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: September 18, 1915 at Wilmington, North Carolina
Home Town: Wilmington, North Carolina

PENDLETON, WALTON BARCLAY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walton Barclay Pendleton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. ENGLAND (DE-635), while carrying out an anti-submarine patrol in the Bismarck Archipelago area from 18 to 31 May 1944. During this brief period, Lieutenant Commander Pendleton's ship contacted, tracked down and probably destroyed five Japanese submarines and was largely responsible for the probable sinking of a sixth. His outstanding seamanship and skillful direction of the attacks carried out by his vessel contributed materially to the great damage inflicted on the enemy forces. His courage, forceful leadership and aggressive fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 24, 1897 at Globe, Arizona
Home Town: Berkeley, California

PENLAND, JOE ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joe Robert Penland, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Lieutenant Penland, with bold determination and courageous zeal, participated in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 21, 1911 at Concord, North Carolina
Home Town: Kings Mountain, North Carolina

PENNOYER, PAUL GEDDES, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Geddes Pennoyer, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane of Air Group TWENTY-EIGHT (AG-28), embarked from the U.S.S. MONTEREY (CVL-26), in action on 20 June 1944, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Pennoyer contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 11, 1920 at New York, New York
Home Town: Long Island, New York

PERKINS, CHARLES E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles E. Perkins, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Wing FOUR in action on 4 June 1942, in the Aleutian Islands, Territory of Alaska. During operations against an enemy Japanese fleet south of Umnak island, in an isolated flight and without the assistance of fighter support, Lieutenant Commander Perkins succeeded in gaining contact with a powerful force of enemy Japanese carriers, cruisers, and destroyers. Boldly maintaining this contact while subjected to enemy antiaircraft fire, he transmitted vital information and signaled directions to guide our striking forces to the enemy. Subsequently, he repeatedly engaged in bombing enemy concentrations in Kiska Harbor against intense and accurate antiaircraft fire. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: April 28, 1909 at Robersonville, North Carolina
Home Town: Wendell, North Carolina

PERRY, FRANK CHASE
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Chase Perry, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant Commander Perry contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 24, 1917 at Syracuse, New York
Home Town: Lincolnville Beach, Maine
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PERRY, FRANK CHASE
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Frank Chase Perry, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19), embarked from the LEXINGTON (CV-16), and deployed over Manila Bay. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 24, 1917 at Syracuse, New York
Home Town: Lincolnville Beach, Maine
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PERRY, LUCAS JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lucas John Perry, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the U.S.S. BRANT (ARS-32), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River, Gunner's Mate Second Class Perry and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, just as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Gunner's Mate Second Class Perry and the other members of his party, in spite of enormous breakers which battered their boat and washed one of the machine guns overboard, finally brought her back to safety. His throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 25, 1913 at Mauvoo, Alabama
Home Town: Jamaica, Long Island, New York

PERRY, WILLIAM W., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William W. Perry, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Kokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PETERS, JAMES MCCLELLAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James McClellan Peters, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane and Commander of Air Group ONE (AG-1), in action on 19 June 1944, while deployed over the Marianas Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 30, 1910 at White Castle, Louisiana
Home Town: Alexandria, Louisiana

PETERSEN, JOHN DONALD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Donald Petersen, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 18, 1920 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Spokane, Washington

PETERSEN, WALLIS FREDERICK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wallis Frederick Petersen, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MUSTIN (DD-413), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: October 4, 1901 at Council Bluffs, Iowa
Home Town: Council Bluffs, Iowa

*PETERSON, DALE W. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dale W. Peterson (0-085948), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF3), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy forces in the Pacific War Area when his ship was attacked by eighteen Japanese bombing planes on 20 February 1942. In the face of heavy antiaircraft fire, Ensign Peterson intercepted a formation of nine enemy aircraft and succeeded in shooting down one twin-engine bomber and aided in shooting down another. Ensign Peterson's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: November 18, 1919 at St. Joseph, Missouri
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri

PETERSON, EARL DONALD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Earl Donald Peterson, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Escort Carrier U.S.S. SANTEE (CVE-29), in action against the enemy on 25 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: April 3, 1921 at Austin, Minnesota
Home Town: Austin, Minnesota

PETERSON, GEORGE EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Edward Peterson, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in action as Commander of a Coordinated Attack Group of Submarines operating in enemy waters of the China Sea during the period 29 March to 23 May 1944. Much of the credit for the submarines' aggressiveness and successful attacks, in spite of severe enemy counter-measures, was largely due to Captain Peterson's efficient administration and inspiring leadership in coordinating these submarines into an efficient attack force. His conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Born: April 2, 1902 at Worcester, Massachusetts
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

PETERSON, HERBERT AUGUSTUS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert Augustus Peterson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer, Naval Combat Demolition Group 125.2.3 during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Lieutenant Commander Peterson, commanding a detachment of naval demolition men, landed with the first wave at Utah Beach, and cleared lanes through the enemy barriers so that succeeding waves could gain the beach. Lieutenant Commander Peterson's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 7, 1900 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: New York, New York

*PETERSON, JOHN D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John D. Peterson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against the enemy on 4 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Peterson's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PETERSON, RICHARD WARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Ward Peterson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SUNFISH (SS-281), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 28 July 1943 to 25 September 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Engaged in an aggressive, successful patrol against Japanese shipping in the Pacific War Area, Lieutenant Commander Peterson pressed home a series of attacks which resulted in sinking or damaging an important amount of hostile shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Peterson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 332 (November 1944)
Born: December 19, 1908 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota

PETERSON, ROBERT JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert James Peterson, Radioman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service and devotion to duty when, promptly at the onset of the first attack by Japanese planes on the Naval Air Station, Kaneohe Bay, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941, Radioman Second Class Peterson secured and manned a machine gun mounted on an instruction stand in a completely exposed section of an airplane parking ramp under heavy enemy machinegun strafing fire. He continued to return the enemy fire with telling effect during three enemy strafing and bomb-attacks, with complete disregard for his own safety. Immediately following one attack he entered a group of blazing planes in which ammunition and gasoline exploded violently. Without assistance he extinguished a serious fire in one plane, saving it from destruction. His extraordinary heroism and conduct in this action are considered to be in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Born: August 12, 1917 at Delta, Colorado
Home Town: Trinidad, Colorado

PETERSON, WILLIAM EDGAR, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Edgar Peterson, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer In Charge of a United States Navy LST during operations in the Southwest Pacific in 1943. Lieutenant Peterson opened up a barrage of accurate antiaircraft fire when Japanese dive bombers attacked at 500 feet, and sent two planes crashing in flames. When a direct bomb hit started fires in ammunition and gasoline compartments and wounded many members of the crew, he calmly organized fire and rescue parties. His presence of mind and devotion to duty undoubtedly saved his ship and the lives of many members of his crew. Lieutenant Peterson's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: May 10, 1907 at Nyack, New York
Home Town: Burlington, Vermont

PETRITZ, GEORGE K.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George K. Petritz, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving at Fisheries TWO in the Philippine Islands, from 7 December 1941 to 28 April 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 20, 1917 at Ottawa, Illinois
Home Town: Ottawa, Illinois

PETTENGILL, RALPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Pettengill, Watertender First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. FARENHOLT (DD-491), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Watertender First Class Pettengill courageously secured the Number One boiler when the main steam line was damaged causing the fireroom to fill with superheated steam, and continued to fire boiler Number Two, until it too was put out of commission. He remained below until he could no longer see the water glass, then secured the second boiler, stopped the auxiliaries, filled both boilers with water and successfully directed the escape of his fireroom personnel without injury to a single man, before leaving the flooded compartment. The conduct of Watertender First Class Pettengill throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: January 22, 1911 at Everett, Massachusetts
Home Town: New York, New York

*PETTIT, ROBERT LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Lee Pettit (3108990), Radioman First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as First Radioman of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VP-101), Patrol Wing TEN (PatWing-10), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces located near Jolo, in the Philippine Islands, on the morning of 27 December 1941. When his PBY-4 Catalina was attacked during an assault on enemy shipping, and despite the fact that his aircraft was flooded with aviation gasoline from perforated tanks which then caught fire, Radioman Pettit remained at his post until he was mortally wounded. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: November 17, 1906 at Claire, Michigan
Home Town: Clare, Michigan

PFLUM, RAYMOND J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond J. Pflum, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane and Commanding Officer of Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-ONE (VPB-121), in action against enemy Japanese forces off the coast of Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 3 August 1945. When a downed American P-51 Pilot was found floating in the water near the enemy-occupied island of Sagami Nada, Lieutenant Commander Pflum, in company with another Patrol Plane of his squadron, engaged enemy aircraft that attempted to intercept a U.S. submarine attempting to recover the downed pilot. In this engagement Lieutenant Commander Pflum and his crew shot down one of the enemy fighters, sank a Japanese cargo vessel, and continued on station and in aerial combat for forty minutes until the pilot was successfully recovered. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*PHILIP, GEORGE, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Philip, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. TWIGGS (DD-591), in action against the enemy from 25 March 1945 to 16 June 1945, off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: April 14, 1912 at Fort Pierre, South Dakota
Home Town: Rapid City, South Dakota

PHILLIPS, CHARLES EMERY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Emery Phillips, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Phillips' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 10, 1923 at Fort Worth, Texas
Home Town: Fort Worth, Texas

PHILLIPS, GEORGE LINCOLN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Lincoln Phillips, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Minesweeper U.S.S. SENTINEL (AM-113), in action against enemy forces during the assault on the Island of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Although his ship was severely damaged by one hostile dive-bombing strike, Lieutenant Commander Phillips gallantly and aggressively directed the performance of the vessel throughout four ensuing raids, driving off two attacks and scoring hits on two of the enemy bombers before being forced to abandon ship. By his expert seamanship and brilliant initiative he was largely responsible for the success of subsequent difficult rescue activities, carrying out these hazardous operations with a minimum loss of life. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Phillips throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: November 18, 1903 at Holyoke, Massachusetts
Home Town: South Londonderry, Vermont

*PHILLIPS, JOHN LLOYD, JR. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Lloyd Phillips, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), and deployed over Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces on 26 November 1943. When warnings were received of the approach of a large force of Japanese torpedo bombers, Lieutenant Commander Phillips volunteered to join fighter section of aircraft from his carrier, the first time such a mission had been attempted at night, in order to intercept the attackers. He rendered valiant service in breaking up that phase of the attack and succeeded in shooting down two enemy planes and dispersing the remainder. His fighting spirit in the face of great peril was largely responsible for saving the carrier task group from serious damage. Lieutenant Commander O'Hare's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 330 (September 1944)
Born: March 23, 1910 at Blacksburg, Virginia
Home Town: Linden, Virginia

PHILLIPS, JOHN S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John S. Phillips, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Fleet Oiler U.S.S. NEOSHO (AO-23), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. At the time of the attack the U.S.S. NEOSHO was moored alongside the gasoline dock, Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor, and had just completed discharging gasoline at that station. When fire was opened on enemy planes, Commander Phillips realized the serious fire hazard of remaining alongside the dock as well as being in a position that prevented a battleship from getting underway, got underway immediately. Mooring lines were cut, and without the assistance of tugs, Commander Phillips accomplished the extremely difficult task of getting the ship underway from this particular berth in a most efficient manner, the difficulty being greatly increased by a battleship having capsized in the harbor. The conduct of Commander Phillips throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 28, 1895 at Alexandria, Virginia
Home Town: Oradell, New Jersey

PHILLIPS, RICHARD HELDSDEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Heldsden Phillips, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron ONE HUNDRED EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Phillips' high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 30, 1906 at Pittsfield, Massachusetts
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia

*PHILPOTT, GORDON C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Gordon C. Philpott, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Second Battalion, Ninth Marines, THIRD Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guam in the Marianas Islands, on 25 July 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Philpott undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: October 10, 1922 at Roanoke, Alabama
Home Town: Roanoke, Alabama

PIERCE, GEORGE ELLIS
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Ellis Pierce, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TUNNY (SS-282), on the NINTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 28 May 1945 to 6 July 1945, in enemy controlled waters in the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Pierce brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PIERCE, GEORGE ELLIS
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to George Ellis Pierce, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TUNNY (SS-282), on a War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters in the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Pierce brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*PIERCE, JOHN R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John R. Pierce, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ARGONAUT (SS-166), on 10 January 1943, during the THIRD War Patrol of that vessel. Upon sighting a hostile convoy escorted by destroyers and aircraft, Lieutenant Commander Pierce, while maneuvering his ship to a favorable striking position, discovered that the ARGONAUT her self had been detected and had fallen prey to vigorous antisubmarine measures on the part of the enemy. Fighting desperately to extricate his ship and her crew from a critical encounter, he pressed home an aggressive counter attack on the surface, severely damaging a Japanese destroyer before his own vessel, her guns still blazing defiantly, eventually went down under a deadly concentration of enemy fire. His courageous leadership and unyielding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 3, 1906 at Canal Zone, Panama
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland

PILCHNER, WARREN FITCH, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Warren Fitch Pilchner, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Pilchner contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 7, 1917 at Douglas, Arizona
Home Town: San Angelo, Texas

*PILEWSKI, GEORGE S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George S. Pilewski, Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. SAVANNAH (CL-42), while that vessel was stationed in the Gulf of Salerno supporting our landings during the amphibious invasion of Italy on 11 September 1943. When the detonation of an enemy bomb inflicted heavy casualties, set off numerous fires and filled the turrets with dense smoke and toxic gases, Hospital Apprentice First Class Pilewski unhesitatingly risked his life to enter one of the turrets and, unmindful of the imminent danger of magazine explosions, coolly evacuated personnel who had been overcome, continuing his unselfish service until he himself was overcome while administering artificial respiration to one of the men he had rescued. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Hospital Apprentice First Class Pilewski undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 324 (March 1944)
Born: February 22, 1922 at Dickson City, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Dickson, Pennsylvania

PINCKNEY, WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Pinckney, Ship's Cook Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. When a heavy bomb exploded near him while on duty in the ammunition handling room, Ship's Cook Third Class Pinckney was knocked unconscious and four of his five companions were killed. Regaining consciousness, he groped his way through burning wreckage to a hangar hatch, but as he was about to escape he found a shipmate struggling to get through. Unmindful of his own wounds or the smoke or fumes, Ship's Cook Third Class Pinckney lifted the man through before he himself battled his way out of the compartment. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: April 27, 1915 at Beaufort, South Carolina
Home Town: Beaufort, South Carolina

PINNEY, GEORGE R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George R. Pinney, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PITTMAN, WILLIAM ROBINSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Robinson Pittman, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Pittman, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 17, 1917 at Pensacola, Florida
Home Town: Tampa, Florida

PITTS, RAY MAURER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ray Maurer Pitts, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. DOUGLAS H. FOX (DD-779), in action against the enemy from 5 through 28 May 1945, off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

PLANT, RAY U., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ray U. Plant, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PLATT, CALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Calvin Platt, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Platt participated in a bombing attack on the Japanese Battleship Yamato. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Platt's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Home Town: Summerfield, Florida

PLOSS, RICHARD S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard S. Ploss, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINE (VB-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the Japanese on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Ploss' outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

POEPPER, JAMES R. A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James R. A. Poepper, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

POHTILLA, WILLIAM CARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Carl Pohtilla, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber and Section Leader in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned an aircraft carrier as a target, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Pohtilla defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Pohtilla and the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 17, 1918 at Houghton, Michigan
Home Town: Hibbing, Minnesota

POITRAS, EDWIN WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin William Poitras, Specialist First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as a Member of the Office of Strategic Services, in operations against the armed enemy, in enemy occupied territory on the continent of Europe, from 2 May to 23 September 1944. During this period, Specialist First Class Poitras, after having been dropped from an airplane, acting as wireless operator and assistant to a British Army officer, was responsible for the transmission of numerous operational messages to England and receipt of operational orders from England. Throughout the period of this assignment, Poitras assisted his chief in the organization of resistance forces and in their training for sabotage and guerilla warfare activities. In numerous encounters with both the Gestapo and Germany army units, he acquitted himself with distinction. On one occasion, in the vicinity of Nods, when his group was attacked by a greatly superior force, Poitras remained behind to cover the retreat of his comrades, permitting them to withdraw with small losses. As these duties were performed in civilian clothes, Specialist First Class Poitras was, at all times, subject to execution as a spy in the event of his capture. The actions of Specialist First Class Poitras throughout this dangerous mission were an inspiration to his comrades and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 4, 1922 at Lowell, Massachusetts
Home Town: Lowell, Massachusetts

POLK, LUCILLE O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lucille O. Polk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a Navy Combat Pilot deployed over Mili Aerodrome in the Marshall Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 18, 1912 at Kirbyville, Texas
Home Town: Beaumont, Texas

*POLK, MARLEY OLLEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Marley Ollen Polk, Machinist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. JOHNSTON (DD-557), in action against the enemy when his ship was attacked at sea in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. While his ship was being hit by terrific salvos from enemy gun batteries, Machinist Polk courageously volunteered to go below and close the overboard discharge valve from the main condenser in an effort to check the flooding of that compartment. Swimming through dangerous, debris-laden waters, he reached the valve and was in the act of closing it when additional hits in the engine room caused his death. Machinist Polk's initiative, resolute determination and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: July 23, 1919 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Fairfax, Vermont

POOL, CHESTER J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Chester J. Pool, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*POOLE, MINOR BUTLER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Minor Butler Poole, Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BOISE (CL-47), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: February 2, 1920 at Brandon, Mississippi
Home Town: Clinton, Mississippi

*PORRAS, CHARLES VICTOR, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Victor Porras, Jr., Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman to an Assault Platoon of Company L, Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu in the Palau Islands, on 22 September 1944. When one Marine was killed and two others were seriously wounded during an attempt to evacuate casualties in a reconnaissance patrol, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Porras unhesitatingly proceeded far in front of his own lines to aid his helpless comrades. Courageously advancing alone under a withering barrage from Japanese machine guns, he succeeded in treating and carrying back, unaided, four of the wounded men before he himself was fatally struck down by a burst of enemy fire. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Porras undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: February 8, 1924 at El Paso, Texas
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

PORTER, GEORGE E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George E. Porter, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLUEFISH (SS-222), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period October 1943 to December 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. During this patrol Commander Porter aggressively attacked and destroyed a convoy of six ships, including two large tankers, one large transport, two freighters and an unidentified ship. On a previous war patrol he sank and damaged thousands of tons of enemy shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Porter brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: June 9, 1909 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Oakmont, Pennsylvania

PORTER, WILLIAM WHITAKER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Whitaker Porter, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*PORTZ, WARNER P.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Warner P. Portz, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving as a Prisoner of War of the Japanese, while confined aboard the Prisoner of War ship ORYOKU MARU, from 13 through 15 December 1944. Commander Portz' conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

POST, WILLIAM S., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William S. Post, Jr., Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUDGEON (SS-211), during operations in the Java Sea on the SEVENTH and EIGHT war patrols of that vessel, during the period 13 March through 6 April 1943. Commander Post displayed brilliant tactical judgment in maneuvering his ship into the most aggressive striking position, thereby destroying four enemy ships and damaging others. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Post brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: August 6, 1908 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Palo Alto, California
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

POST, WILLIAM S., JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William S. Post, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUDGEON (SS-211), on the EIGHT War Patrol of that submarine during the period 15 April 1943 to 15 May 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Post brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 6, 1908 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Palo Alto, California
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

POST, WILLIAM S., JR.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to William S. Post, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SPOT (SS-413), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 4 December 1944 to 30 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Post brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 6, 1908 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Palo Alto, California
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

POTTER, ALBERT MARSHALL, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Marshall Potter, Jr., Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Company Corpsman with the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during an engagement with enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 - 14 September 1942. When his company was almost completely surrounded by the Japanese and under attack from all directions, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Potter, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, constantly exposed himself to enemy fire to care for and evacuate the wounded. As a result of his dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Potter undoubtedly saved the lives of many of the injured who otherwise might have perished. His courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943) & 318 (September 1943)
Born: May 27, 1921 at Providence, Rhode Island
Home Town: Springfield, Massachusetts

POTTER, CHARLES S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles S. Potter, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while coordinating beach activities under intense enemy shellfire during the assault on Normandy on the Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Lieutenant Potter, wounded by enemy shellfire, refused to be hospitalized and when all personnel had been ordered to take cover, he fearlessly exposed himself in order to direct incoming assault waves to successful landings. The conduct of Lieutenant Potter throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: February 29, 1912 at New York, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

POULSON, OSCAR, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Oscar Poulson, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-NINE (VT-49), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*POUND, HAROLD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold C. Pound, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PILLSBURY (DD-227), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces at Badoeng Straits off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. During a night engagement in the Strait of Lombok, with his ship illuminated by an overwhelming force of enemy destroyers and cruisers, Lieutenant Commander Pound skillfully maneuvered his ship to counter the enemy's cross-fire with the most effective use of his own batteries. His daring and courageous tactics in moving to the assistance of an accompanying vessel were instrumental in saving that ship and contributed materially to the serious damage on the enemy by our forces. By his expert seamanship and loyal devotion to duty he was able to retire without damage or loss to his ship or her personnel. Lieutenant Commander Pound's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: December 20, 1903 at Hutchinson, Kansas
Home Town: Alhambra, California

POWELL, WARD F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ward F. Powell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Section Leader of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese naval and air forces near the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Although he was faced with strong fighter opposition and withering antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Powell led his flight in an attack against the enemy which resulted in two direct bomb hits on a Japanese heavy cruiser. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: February 26, 1913 at Bay Village, Ohio
Home Town: Bay Village, Ohio

*POWELL, WILLIAM THOMAS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Thomas Powell, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Gunner aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: October 3, 1918 at Cincinnati, Ohio
Home Town: Cincinnati, Ohio

POWERS, BERNARD J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard J. Powers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED THIRTY-EIGHT (LCI(G)-438), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Powers' exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: St. Peter, Minnesota

POWERS, HARRY ADAMS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Adams Powers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron THIRTY-SEVEN (VC-37), embarked from the U.S.S. SANGAMON (CVE-26), in operations against superior enemy surface units threatening our forces in near Samar in the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. His outstanding conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 8, 1916 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Melrose, Massachusetts

*POWERS, OSWALD A. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Oswald A. Powers (0-098791), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Ensign Powers, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: November 25, 1915 at Marine City, Michigan
Home Town: Northville, Michigan

PRAHAR, TEMPLE F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Temple F. Prahar, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane, in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PRATER, LEONARD ROLLA
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard Rolla Prater, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant Prater contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 11, 1917 at Avon, Colorado
Home Town: San Antonio, Texas

PRATER, LUTHER DELANO, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Luther Delano Prater, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Prater's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 9, 1921 at Floyd County, Kentucky
Home Town: Alger, Ohio

PRATT, RICHARD R.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard R. Pratt, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HUDSON (DD-475), during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, from April 1 to 5 May 1945. With the Hudson operating as fighter director ship on radar picket station, Commander Pratt fought his ship with outstanding skill and courage during a prolonged period of time while subjected to numerous day and night aerial attacks. On one occasion, when seventeen suicide planes attacked his vessel, he heroically directed his men in repelling the onslaught, thereby averting damage to the vessel and maintaining the HUDSON in operation at a most critical time. By his aggressive leadership, perseverance and devotion to duty, he contributed materially to the safety of our forces ashore, and his gallant conduct throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PRATT, RICHARD R.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Richard R. Pratt, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HUDSON (DD-475) during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa Gunto on 4 May 1945. When a nearby friendly escort aircraft carrier was set afire by a Japanese suicide plane, causing numerous explosions, intense heat and suffocating smoke, Commander Pratt placed his destroyer alongside the maneuvering and blazing vessel. Despite fires aboard his own ship when a jettisoned plane ignited among the depth charges, he continued to assist the flaming carrier and contributed materially to the extinguishing of the flames and to saving the stricken ship. By his leadership, courage and devotion to duty, Commander Pratt upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PRATT, THEODORE C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Theodore C. Pratt, Lieutenant Commander (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Medical Officer to U.S. Marines, in action from 7 August 1942 to 24 September 1942, at Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Pratt saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 1, 1899 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts

PRENDERGAST, GEORGE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Prendergast, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Ensign Prendergast succeeded in scoring one of eight direct hits upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of CHITOSE class. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Ensign Prendergast contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)

*PRESLEY, SAM DAVIS (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Sam Davis Presley, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. As his ship came under sustained enemy air attack, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class Presley voluntarily abandoned the shelter of his normal battle station. Climbing into a plane parked on the flight deck, he manned the flexible guns in the rear cockpit and commenced an effective fire against the attacking aircraft until, as the battle continued, a bomb explosion blew the plane overboard. The conduct of Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class Presley throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: December 17, 1918 at Carthage, Mississippi
Home Town: Carthage, Mississippi

PRESSLER, LOUIS PHILIP
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis Philip Pressler, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane and Commanding Officer of Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWO (VPB-102), in action against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island on 9 May 1945. Flying through extremely hazardous weather to participate in a strike against this enemy stronghold, Lieutenant Commander Pressler succeeded in destroying three enemy planes that were preparing for takeoff, and then damaged the enemy air strip with a string of accurately-placed bombs along the length of the runway. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PRESTON, BENJAMIN GIFFORD
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Benjamin Gifford Preston, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIVE (VT-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Preston's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 16, 1913 at Timnath, Colorado
Home Town: Fort Collins, Colorado
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PRESTON, BENJAMIN GIFFORD
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Benjamin Gifford Preston, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant Preston, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 16, 1913 at Timnath, Colorado
Home Town: Fort Collins, Colorado
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

PRESTON, BENJAMIN GIFFORD
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Benjamin Gifford Preston, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 26 October 1944. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 16, 1913 at Timnath, Colorado
Home Town: Fort Collins, Colorado
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*PREWITT, VANCE CARLYLE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Vance Carlyle Prewitt, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against enemy Japanese forces during 1941 and 1942, at Olongapo in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: July 23, 1907 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Walla Walla, Washington

PRICE, JOHN DALE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Dale Price, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commander of Air Wing ONE (AW-1), in action against the enemy from April through July 1945, while deployed at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 29, 1897 at Greenville, South Carolina
Home Town: Little Rock, Arkansas

PRICKETT, SAMUEL LEE, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel Lee Prickett, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 13, 1915 at Powderly, Alabama
Home Town: Bessemer, Alabama

PUCCI, RALPH FRANCIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Francis Pucci, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

PUCKETT, DAVID OLIVER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Oliver Puckett, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Composite Squadron NINE (VC-9), embarked from the U.S.S. BOGUE (CVE-9), in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic Ocean on 4 October 1943. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Puckett was flying to the support of another plane which had surprised, attacked, and was maintaining contact on a group of enemy submarines. Immediately on reaching the concentration of U-boats, he followed closely on the attack of a companion fighter by strafing the largest, most heavily armed submarine of the group. Opening fire at a range of fifteen hundred feet, in spite of the heavy barrage put up by his target, the crossfire from other U-boats, and damage incurred to his plane by several shrapnel bits, he persisted in his attack until he had materially reduced the volume of fire from his target. An attack on a second submarine was pressed home with equal determination, effectively silencing its anti-aircraft battery and enabling a bomber to attack unopposed. A total of three more attacks were made on the remaining submarines, one in the face of equally heavy anti-aircraft fire which had characterized the first attack, the remaining two unopposed. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: May 5, 1920 at Tupelo, Mississippi
Home Town: Tupelo, Mississippi

PYNE, GEORGE C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George C. Pyne, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron SIX (VF-6), in action on 24 July 1944, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

Q

*QUICK, SIDNEY WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Sidney William Quick, Aviation Pilot First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIVE (VT-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Aviation Pilot First Class Quick's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 16, 1915 at Rhineland, Missouri
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

QUIGLEY, ANTHONY J.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Anthony J. Quigley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Ensign Quigley pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 29, 1915 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

QUIGLEY, ANTHONY J.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Anthony J. Quigley, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 29, 1915 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

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