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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

 C 

 D 

E - F

G - H 

I - J

K - L

 M 

N - O

P - Q

 R 

 S 

T - U

V - Z

N

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

*NASH, DAVID (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David Nash, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the River Gunboat U.S.S. MINDANAO (PR-8), in the Philippine Islands, during the period 22 to 31 December 1941. While exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by enemy Japanese forces, Lieutenant Nash participated in operations of strategic importance involving hazardous missions. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: October 12, 1914 at Haddon Heights, New Jersey
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana

NASH, WILLARD V.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Willard V. Nash, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commander of seven LCI(G)s, in action against the enemy on 17 February 1945, at Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

NATHAN, CLAUDE CLARENCE, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Claude Clarence Nathan, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron TWENTY-SEVEN (VC-27), embarked from the U.S.S. SAVO ISLAND (CVE-78), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Leyte, Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 3, 1918 at Paris, Texas
Home Town: Paris, Texas

NATION, MILTON A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Milton A. Nation, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Flight Leader in Escort Scouting Squadron TWENTY-SEVEN (VS-7), embarked from the U.S.S. SUWANEE (CVE-27), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. On 8 November undaunted by withering anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Commander Nation, leading a seven-plane group, courageously attacked and successfully bombed three submarines and a battleship and, later the same day, in a four-plane raid, scored direct hits on a cruiser and a destroyer. Steadfast and untiring in his performance of duty, he again, on 10 November led four planes in shattering attacks on enemy coastal defense anti-aircraft installations and, on the morning of 11 November launched a forceful depth charge attack on a hostile submarine, probably sinking that vessel. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 1, 1904 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: McLeansboro, Illinois

NAUL, JESSE W., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse W. Naul, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Division Leader in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VT-82), attached to the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against an enemy Japanese Task Force off Kyushu, Japan, 7 April 1945. Joining his wingman in a coordinated two- plane attack, Lieutenant Naul braved an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire and succeeded in scoring a torpedo hit on a hostile cruiser, thereby contributing materially to its subsequent sinking. His skill, courage and devotion to the fulfillment of a hazardous mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NAUMAN, HARLEY K.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harley K. Nauman, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SALMON (SS-182), on the ELEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during September and October 1944, in Japanese home waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Nauman brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 6, 1910 at Frankfort, Kansas
Home Town: Frankfort, Kansas

NEARMAN, LEONARD M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard M. Nearman, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NEELY, RICHARD F.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard F. Neely, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Ensign Haynes pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 17, 1915 at Greensboro, Alabama
Home Town: Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NEELY, RICHARD F.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Richard F. Neely, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron TWO (VS-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 17, 1915 at Greensboro, Alabama
Home Town: Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NEFF, ZEIGEL WINSTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Zeigel Winston Neff, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in action on 19 June 1944, while deployed over the Marianas Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 16, 1916 at Salisbary, Missouri
Home Town: Callao, Missouri

*NELSON, CHARLES WOODWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Woodward Nelson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron ONE (VT-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the enemy fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Leading a division of carrier-based torpedo bombers against the Japanese fleet, Lieutenant Nelson braved terrific opposition to launch an attack on an enemy aircraft carrier. He led his planes down through the clouds at high speed, holding his course through the intense fire of the carrier, a battleship and a screen of several cruisers and destroyers, and dropped his torpedo on a course straight and true to his target. Hit by antiaircraft fire, his plane went into a steep bank, burst into flames and crashed into the sea. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant Nelson contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 335 (February 1945)
Born: December 28, 1918 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: Tallahassee, Florida

NELSON, LOREN ELWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Loren Elwin Nelson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Nelson participated in a bombing attack on the Japanese battleship Nagato. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Nelson's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: November 29, 1919 at Tacoma Park, Maryland
Home Town: Tacoma Park, Maryland

NELSON, LUCAS JASPER
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lucas Jasper Nelson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CVL-10), while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Nelson contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 13, 1917 at Lamero, Kentucky
Home Town: Lamero, Kentucky
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NELSON, LUCAS JASPER
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Lucas Jasper Nelson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 13, 1917 at Lamero, Kentucky
Home Town: Lamero, Kentucky
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*NELSON, ROBERT KOLDEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Kolden Nelson, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 4, 1923 at Everett, Washington
Home Town: Bellingham, Washington

NESBITT, ROBERT SALISBURY
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Salisbury Nesbitt, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NESBITT, ROBERT SALISBURY
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Salisbury Nesbitt, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*NEWELL, FRED RISING, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Fred Rising Newell, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the U.S.S. MARYANNE, in action against the enemy from 7 December 1941 to 28 April 1942, in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: March 28, 1915 at Brattleboro, Vermont
Home Town: Brattleboro, Vermont

NEWELL, JAMES HAROLD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Harold Newell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant Newell dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Newell's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: June 16, 1911 at Camp Hill, Alabama
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia

NEWHAFER, RICHARD L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard L. Newhafer, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 25 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NEWTON, ROY ARTHUR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy Arthur Newton, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. STACK (DD-406), during a surface engagement with enemy Japanese forces at Vella Gulf, Solomon Islands, on the night of 6 - 7 August 1943. Lieutenant Commander Newton maneuvered his ship and struck boldly with well-timed and perfectly coordinated torpedo attacks, which resulted in the sinking of one Japanese cruiser and three destroyers. He brought his ship through the engagement without loss or damage. Lieutenant Commander Newton's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 326 (May 1944)
Born: July 25, 1907 at Gainsville, Texas
Home Town: Gainesville, Texas

NICHOLS, JAMES B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James B. Nichols, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VFB-85), embarked from the U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA (CV-38), on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NICHOLSON, HUGH W.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hugh W. Nicholson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Nicholson pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, making a direct hit on one of them. By his superb airmanship and outstanding courage he contributed to the destruction of the three enemy ships and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 28, 1912 at Campbellsburg, Indiana
Home Town: Campbellsburg, Indiana
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NICHOLSON, HUGH W.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Hugh W. Nicholson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Nicholson's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 28, 1912 at Campbellsburg, Indiana
Home Town: Campbellsburg, Indiana
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NICHOLSON, WILLIAM E., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Nicholson, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NICKEL, WALTER F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter F. Nickel, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVENTEEN (VT-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NICKERSON, HENRY JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry John Nickerson, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHT (VB-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 6 June 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety and in the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Ensign Nickerson participated in determined and effective bombing and strafing attacks on fleeing enemy Japanese forces, obtaining a successful hit on one of the enemy ships. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: March 27, 1918 at Wheeling, West Virginia
Home Town: Lima, Ohio

NIELSEN, JOHN LUDVIG
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Ludvig Nielsen, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Nielsen's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 7, 1913 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NIELSEN, JOHN LUDVIG
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John Ludvig Nielsen, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant Nielsen, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 7, 1913 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NIELSON, ALFRED
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alfred Nielson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NIEMANN, WILLIAM E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Niemann, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 12, 1921 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

NIEMEYER, ROBERT DEAN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Dean Niemeyer, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Niemeyer and the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 3, 1919 at Quincy, Illinois
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri

NIEMIEC, WALTER J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter J. Niemiec, Motor Machinist First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. ASTORIA (CA-34), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island on 9 August 1942. Motor Machinist First Class Niemiec rescued fellow shipmates who were trapped in the engine room compartment by wreckage, fire and dense smoke. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 3, 1917 at Dunkink, New York
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

NIMITZ, CHESTER W., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Chester W. Nimitz, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HADDO (SS-255), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 August 1944 to 3 October 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Lieutenant Commander Nimitz skillfully directed his vessel in a series of successful torpedo attacks and a gun attack on Japanese men-of-war and escorted merchant shipping. With outstanding aggressiveness and determination to inflict the maximum damage on enemy forces, he engaged and sank several enemy warships. In further attacks on heavily escorted convoys, he accounted for a total of 17,100 tons of shipping sunk and 1,300 tons damaged. Throughout this daring and dangerous patrol he displayed sound tactical judgment in his decisions on all attacks and maneuvered his ship expertly. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Nimitz brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: February 17, 1915 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Vallejo, California
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII)

NISEWANER, TERRELL ANDREW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Terrell Andrew Nisewaner, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. ALBERT W. GRANT (DD-649), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Commander Nisewaner directed his ship against prolonged and heavy enemy gunfire to a position where he launched an accurate attack on the enemy. He directed repair and damage-control operations in a cool, efficient manner, and by example inspired his men to such an extent that leaks were brought under control, enabling the ship to proceed under its own power. He personally entered the flooded, oil-soaked, burning engine room to rescue several of his own men trapped below and too badly hurt to help themselves. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Nisewaner's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: April 29, 1910 at Claremore, Oklahoma
Home Town: Coronado, California

NOBLE, ALBERT G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert G. Noble, Commodore, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as an Attack Group Commander, in action against the enemy on 18 May 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: December 14, 1895 at Preston, Texas
Home Town: Ardmore, Oklahoma

NOOY, CORNELIUS NICHOLAS
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cornelius Nicholas Nooy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VF-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 4 July 1944, while deployed over the Bonin Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Nooy's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 15, 1921 at Smithtown, New York
Home Town: St. James, Long Island, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NOOY, CORNELIUS NICHOLAS
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Cornelius Nicholas Nooy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VF-31), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 21 September 1944, while deployed over the Philippines. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 15, 1921 at Smithtown, New York
Home Town: St. James, Long Island, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NOOY, CORNELIUS NICHOLAS
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Cornelius Nicholas Nooy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 15, 1921 at Smithtown, New York
Home Town: St. James, Long Island, New York
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

NORDGREN, LEE R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lee R. Nordgren, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 25 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NORGAARD, ROLLO NIEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rollo Niel Norgaard, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HYMAN (DD-734), in action against enemy Japanese forces off Okinawa, 6 April 1945. Undaunted by the terrific onslaught when seven Japanese suicide planes viciously attacked his ship as she proceeded toward an enemy submarine base to take anti-small boat patrol station, Captain Norgaard aggressively met the attack of the first four planes plunging in rapid succession, shooting down two before another crashed the superstructure deck between the bridge and torpedo mount Number One. Two minutes after the plane hit, one of the warheads on mount Number One detonated, causing a heavy fire inflicting numerous casualties in the immediate vicinity. Stoutly determined to save the ship from spreading flames, Captain Norgaard personally directed the remaining rescue party in extinguishing the fire, repairing part of the damage and restoring the Hyman to maximum combat efficiency within ten minutes. Handicapped by extensive damage to his vessel when fiercely attacked by three more suicide planes during the return trip, he fiercely countered each attack, shooting down all three as they came within range. A daring and forceful lead despite overwhelming opposition, Captain Norgaard, by his expert seamanship and professional skill, heroically brought the Hyman to port under her own power. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: at South Dakota

NORTON, KENNETH SIDNEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Sidney Norton, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Naval Gunfire Liaison Officer to the SECOND Ranger Battalion, during the assault on Normandy, France, on 6 and 7 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Norton landed with the first wave of Rangers at the base of Ponte Du Hoe. He was one of the first up the cliff. When the Second Ranger Battalion was surrounded by enemy troops in superior numbers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Norton called for and adjusted fire in great volume and with marked accuracy and effect throughout the day. Without this accurate fire it is probable that the Rangers could not have survived. On the evening of D-Day, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Norton's forward observer was killed and Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Norton was wounded. He nevertheless continued his efforts, organized an emergency shore fire control net and successfully directed several additional fire-support missions. After being evacuated and treated on the U.S.S. Texas he returned to the battlefield to take up his regular duties. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Norton throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: August 10, 1917 at Oberlin, Kansas
Home Town: Colby, Kansas

NORTON, STANLEY COOK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley Cook Norton, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division FIFTY-FOUR, when the flagship of his division, the Destroyer U.S.S. ROPER (DD-147), made a successful attack upon the German submarine U-85 off the coast of Virginia on the night of 13 - 14 April 1942, causing complete destruction of that enemy vessel without injury to his flagship or its personnel. Commander Norton's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of this successful mission and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: November 19, 1894 at Falmouth, Maine
Home Town: Portland, Maine

*NOYES, ROGER F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Roger F. Noyes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant Noyes succeeded in scoring a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of Chitose class, causing certain damage to that enemy vessel. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant Noyes contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NUFER, EDWARD J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward J. Nufer, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NUNN, IRA H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ira H. Nunn, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Group 77.4, in action against the enemy from 18 to 29 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 16, 1901 at Camden, Arkansas
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

NUTT, WILLIAM R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William R. Nutt, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

NUTTER, WILLIAM BOB
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Bob Nutter, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier-based Bombing Plane, Ensign Nutter scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet in the Sulu Sea, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. Ensign Nutter's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: July 18, 1921 at Delano, California
Home Town: Bakersfield, California

O

*OAKLEY, THOMAS B., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas B. Oakley, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GROWLER (SS-215), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 11 August 1944 to 26 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Oakley brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 27, 1912 at Staten Island, New York
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

OAKMAN, GEORGE P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George P. Oakman, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home a determined attack in the face of extremely intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Ensign Oakman succeeded in scoring a direct hit upon a Japanese battleship of the ISE class. By his superb airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Ensign Oakman contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: May 30, 1922 at Leland, Mississippi
Home Town: Leland, Mississippi

*O'BEIRNE, EMMET
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Emmet O'Beirne, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Staff Officer with Section 1, Task Force TARE, during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Lieutenant Commander O'Beirne was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander O'Beirne contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: March 21, 1908 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: Martins Ferry, Ohio

ODENBRETT, HARVEY GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harvey George Odenbrett, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron SIX (VFB-6), attached to the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against Truk on 16 February 1944. Flying wingman in a two-plane fighter section, Lieutenant Odenbrett and his section leader initiated a strafing attack against a Japanese cruiser outside the reef and, when his companion was shot down during the action, circled the downed pilot and dropped him a life raft. As the hostile cruiser turned toward the pilot in the water, he made five strafing runs on the ship to divert its fire toward himself and, although wounded time and again, succeeded in destroying a seaplane on the fantail and enabled his section leader to reach the safety of the reef. His gallant fighting spirit, dauntless airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

O'DOWD, JEROME J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jerome J. O'Dowd, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED FIFTY-SEVEN (LCI(G)-457), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, O'Dowd's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Fort Wayne, Indiana

*OEHLERT, HERSCHEL ALLEN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Herschel Allen Oehlert, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Co-Pilot of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane of Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWO (VB-102), operating against the enemy on Japanese-held Greenwich Islands during the Battle of the Solomon Islands, on 6 July 1943. Fully aware of the limited chance of surviving an urgent mission, voluntarily undertaken to prevent a surprise Japanese attack against our forces, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Oehlert took off in total darkness on a perilous 700-mile flight without escort or support. Successful in reaching his objective despite treacherous and varying winds, low visibility and difficult terrain, he fought a lone but relentless battle under fierce antiaircraft fire and overwhelming aerial opposition. Forced lower and lower by pursuing planes, he coolly persisted in his mission of destruction. Abandoning all chance of a safe return he executed six bold ground-level attacks to demolish the enemy's vital radio station, installations, antiaircraft guns and crews with bombs and machinegun fire, and to destroy one fighter plane in the air and three on the water. Caught in his own bomb blast, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Oehlert crashed into the lagoon off the beach, sacrificing himself in a single-handed fight against almost insuperable odds, to make a distinctive contribution to our continued offensive in driving the Japanese from the Solomons. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Oehlert throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

*O'FLAHERTY, FRANK WOODROW (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frank Woodrow O'Flaherty (0-098693), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign O'Flaherty, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: February 26, 1918 at Tonopah, Nevada
Home Town: McGill, Nevada

OFSTIE, RALPH ANDREW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Andrew Ofstie, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Carrier Division Commander, Task Unit 77.4.32, in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet off Samar Island in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In an engagement unique in naval history, Rear Admiral Ofstie's small task unit of escort carriers and screening ships, of which, as an Escort Carrier Division Commander, he was second in command, turned back a vastly superior enemy force sorely crippled by our guns, torpedoes and aircraft. His sound judgment and timely advice were of inestimable value. By his superb courage and unfailing determination against terrific odds, he was an inspiration to the officers and men of his unit. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: November 16, 1897 at Eau Claire, Wisconsin
Home Town: Everett, Washington

*OGDEN, WILLIAM STEPHEN (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Stephen Ogden (04057582), Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942. During a hostile air attack when an enemy bomb hit the section near the forward elevator pump room where he and two others were on duty, Machinist's Mate Second Class Ogden unselfishly permitted his shipmates to precede him in escaping topside through the smoke and flame-filled compartments. Courageously remaining behind, he closed each hatch after his exit to preserve watertight integrity and to prevent the flames from spreading. Reaching the dark, smoke and flame-filled area where the bomb had struck and exploded, he bravely groped his way to the exit and, while securing the last hatch, was overcome by the intense heat and smoke. Falling on top of the hatchway, he was later found still clutching the clamps in his hands. His courageous initiative, self-sacrificing efforts in behalf of his shipmates and loyal devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Newport News, Virginia

*O'HARE, EDWARD HENRY "BUTCH" (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Henry "Butch" O'Hare (0-078672), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), and deployed over Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces on 26 November 1943. When warnings were received of the approach of a large force of Japanese torpedo bombers, Lieutenant Commander O'Hare volunteered to lead a fighter section of aircraft from his carrier, the first time such a mission had been attempted at night, in order to intercept the attackers. He fearlessly led his three-plane group into combat against a large formation of hostile aircraft and assisted in shooting down two Japanese airplanes and dispersed the remainder. Lieutenant Commander O'Hare's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: March 13, 1914 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), Navy Cross (WWII), Purple Heart

O'HEARN, MATHEW CHARLES, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Mathew Charles O'Hearn, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. EVANS (DD-552), in action against the enemy on 11 May 1945, off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. Lieutenant O'Hearn's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

O'KANE, RICHARD HETHERINGTON
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Hetherington O'Kane, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TANG (SS-306), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 22 January 1944 to February 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander O'Kane brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 2, 1911 at Dover, New Hampshire
Home Town: Durham, New Hampshire
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

O'KANE, RICHARD HETHERINGTON
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Richard Hetherington O'Kane, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TANG (SS-306), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 June 1944 to 14 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander O'Kane brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 2, 1911 at Dover, New Hampshire
Home Town: Durham, New Hampshire
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

O'KANE, RICHARD HETHERINGTON
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Richard Hetherington O'Kane, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TANG (SS-306), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 31 July 1944 to 3 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander O'Kane brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 2, 1911 at Dover, New Hampshire
Home Town: Durham, New Hampshire
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

OLDENDORF, JESSE BARETT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse Barett Oldendorf, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Allied Support Force Commander, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Rear Admiral Oldendorf engaged a powerful detachment of the Japanese Fleet, consisting of battleships, cruisers and destroyers, and in a short but decisive action practically annihilated the enemy force. Fleeing remnants were closely pursued by units of his command which, with the aid of cooperating aircraft, completed their destruction. His personal courage, determination and perseverance were reflected in the outstanding performance of the force under his command, which resulted in a brilliant naval victory and incalculable damage to the enemy. Rear Admiral Oldendorf's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)
Born: February 16, 1887 at Riverside, California
Home Town: Coronado, California

*OLESON, HAROLD R. A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold R. A. Oleson, Chief Turret Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BIRMINGHAM (CL-62), while participating in the salvage and rescue operations of the U.S.S. PRINCETON in the face of enemy attack during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 30, 1914 at Kansas City, Missouri
Home Town: Arkansas City, Kansas

OLIVER, WILLIAM B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William B. Oliver, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SIXTEEN (VPB-116), in action on 12 October 1944, at Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands. Lieutenant Oliver and his crew, in company with another aircraft flown by Lieutenant William M. Miller, searched the waters off Iwo Jima for survivors of a squadron plane believed lost in that area. When enemy fighters rose to intercept the pair they continued their sweep and withdrew in company together. In the ensuing air-to-air combat the two bombers downed six of the eight attacking fighters. Lieutenant Miller's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 27, 1915 at Heights, West Virginia
Home Town: Fostoria, Ohio

OLNEY, SHELDON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Sheldon Olney, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*OLSEN, EARL K.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Earl K. Olsen, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineering Officer aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. Pensacola (CA-24), after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. Lieutenant Commander Olsen coolly and efficiently directed the evacuation of the surviving personnel and attempted to carry the body of another officer to a place of safety, after enemy torpedo fire had flooded the engine room where Lieutenant Commander Olsen was stationed. As a result of his gallant spirit of self- sacrifice on behalf of the men on watch with him, he succumbed to smoke and toxic gasses. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Olsen throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: July 2, 1903 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii

OLSEN, EUGENE ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Robert Olsen, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Corpsman attached to the Second Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, during operations against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Island, on 3 March 1945. Cool and courageous, Olson voluntarily left a protected position to assist an adjoining company which was experiencing heavy casualties. Completing his work, he returned to his company and, a few minutes later, advanced beyond his own front lines to attend a wounded man lying in a fire lane. Although bullets pierced his first aid pouch and canteen, he brought the wounded man to the rear of the lines and administered first aid. Again on 5 March he walked into a known fire lane and, braving grenades thrown from a cliff, removed and treated a wounded Marine. When enemy machine-gun fire pinned down his whole platoon shortly thereafter, he moved out ahead of the front lines and treated another wounded Marine. By his repeated acts of courage throughout the entire operation, he served as an inspiration to his company. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Olsen undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

OLSON, RICHARD J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard J. Olson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*OLSON, ROBERT DALE (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Dale Olson (0-299403), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Ensign Olson defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Olson and the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 8, 1921 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

OLSON, ROBERT EVANS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Evans Olson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

OMARK, WARREN RODERICK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Warren Roderick Omark, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-FOUR (VT-24), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Omark's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: October 31, 1919 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Cedarhurst, Long Island, New York

O'NEIL, GUY EDWARD, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Guy Edward O'Neil, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GUNNELL (SS-253), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 21 October 1944 to 28 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander O'Neil brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 8, 1914 at Round-up, Montana
Home Town: Long Beach, California

ONORATO, JORDAN PAUL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jordan Paul Onorato, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

O'REGAN, WILLIAM V.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William V. O'Regan, Captain, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity in action as Commander, Submarine Squadron FOUR, aboard the U.S.S. THRESHER (SS- 200), on the THIRTEENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 14 June 1944 to 1 August 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Captain O'Regan's capable performance of duty during this patrol resulted in severe damage to the enemy. His efforts during this period contributed materially to the successful prosecution of the war against the Japanese. Through his experience and sound judgment he brought his ships safely back to port. Captain O'Regan's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 335 (February 1945)
Born: April 25, 1900 at New York, New York
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

*ORLECK, JOSEPH (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Orleck, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Fleet Tug U.S.S. NAUSET (AT-89), during the amphibious invasion of Italy on 9 September 1943. During the approach to the assault area in the Gulf of Salerno, the convoy in which the U.S.S. NUSET was proceeding was attacked by enemy aircraft and this ship struck by several aerial bombs which caused extensive damage, numerous casualties, and ignited fires which completely enveloped the boat deck. Lieutenant Orleck coolly and courageously directed the fire-fighting activities, the control of flooding to correct a dangerous list which immediately developed and the transfer of all survivors to the rescue ships. With complete disregard for his own safety, he remained on board the stricken ship to attempt beaching and prevent total loss, but, while engaged in this operation, he lost his life as the ship struck an enemy mine and sank. His persistent and gallant efforts to save his ship were an inspiring example to all and contributed materially to minimizing the loss of life incurred by the initial attack. The conduct of Lieutenant Orleck throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 327 (June 1944)
Born: June 22, 1906 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Winston-Salem, North Carolina

O'ROURKE, VINCENT PATRICK
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vincent Patrick O'Rourke, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Honshu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

O'ROURKE, VINCENT PATRICK
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Vincent Patrick O'Rourke, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

ORTH, JOHN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Orth, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane in action on 4 May 1945, while deployed over Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. Ensign Orth's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*OSBERG, CARL AUGUST (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl August Osberg (0-099914), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Ensign Osberg, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: April 13, 1920 at Dunbarton, New Hampshire
Home Town: Manchester, New Hampshire

*OSMUS, WESLEY FRANK (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wesley Frank Osmus (0-085937), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, Ensign Osmus, in the face of tremendous anti-aircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition, pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that, in order to accomplish his mission, he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: September 2, 1918 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

OSTER, JAMES CHARLES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Charles Oster, Chief Boatswain, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious conduct and efficiency in time of stress while serving as Commander, Cavite Navy Yard, during the bombardment of that station in the Philippine Islands by Japanese air forces beginning 10 December 1941, and during subsequent occupation by the Japanese of Manila Bay Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Born: March 26, 1907 at Utica, New York
Home Town: Utica, New York

*O'TOOLE, JOHN A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John A. O'Toole, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Boat Wave from the Transport Ship U.S.S. JOSEPH HEWES (AP-50), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. During intense naval and shore bombardment, Ensign O'Toole skillfully organized and led his boat wave toward the beach in the face of devastating and concentrated artillery fire of hostile forces which threatened annihilation of troops before they could debark. With no thought of his own danger, he then stood at the wheel of his boat calmly directing the unloading of both personnel and equipment and the saving of as many of the Navy craft as possible. After directing a squad of machine gunners to safety through the barrage, Ensign O'Toole attempted to withdraw from the beach but was killed by enemy fire. The conduct of Ensign O'Toole throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: May 16, 1916 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Dorchester, Massachusetts

*OTTER, BETHEL V.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bethel V. Otter, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against enemy Japanese forces on 5 and 6 May 1942, at Corregidor Island in Manila Bay, Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Otter's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*OTTINGER, GEORGE MALONE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Malone Ottinger, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane in Combat Air Group EIGHTY-FOUR (CAG-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

OUTERBRIDGE, WILLIAM W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William W. Outerbridge, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. WARD (DD-139), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Lieutenant Outerbridge conducted operations on patrol off the Pearl Harbor entrance which resulted in destruction of a Japanese submarine at 6:40 a.m., 7 December 1941, more than an hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Outerbridge throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 14, 1906 at Victoria, Hong Kong, China
Home Town: Tifton, Georgia

OUTLAW, EDWARD COB
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Cob Outlaw, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron THIRTY-TWO (VF-32), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action on 29 April 1944, while deployed over Truk in the Caroline Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 29, 1914 at Greenville, North Carolina
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida

OVERALL, SIDNEY R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Sidney R. Overall, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TEN (VT-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

OVERTON, EDWARD WHITE, JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward White Overton, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands on 19 June 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: May 24, 1920 at New York, New York
Home Town: Manhassett, Long Island, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

OVERTON, EDWARD WHITE, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Edward White Overton, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Overton participated in a vigorous and determined attack on enemy ships, pressing home his attack to low altitude and making a direct hit on a Japanese battleship, contributing to the sinking of that enemy warship. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant Overton contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: May 24, 1920 at New York, New York
Home Town: Manhassett, Long Island, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*OWEN, THOMAS MARVIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas Marvin Owen, Watertender First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. BUTLER (DD-636), in action against the enemy on 25 May 1945, off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

OWENS, GORDON N.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon N. Owens, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron SEVENTEEN (VT-17), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action on 16 and 17 February 1944, while deployed over Truk. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*OWENS, JAMES CHARLES, JR. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Charles Owens, Jr. (0-075974), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Executive Officer of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Lieutenant Owens resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: December 5, 1910 at Batavia, New York
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*OWENS, SEYMOUR DUNLOP
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Seymour Dunlop Owens, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. NORMAN SCOTT (DD-690), during operations at Tinian in the Northern Marianas Islands on 24 July 1944. Detailed to cover the left flank of a feint landing south of Tinian town to draw enemy fire away from the actual landings to the north, Commander Owens maneuvered his ship perilously close inshore in the face of heavy fire from Japanese costal defense guns and skillfully directed effective fire support for the boat waves until he was killed at his post. The conduct of Commander Owens throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: February 21, 1910 at Pekin, China
Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts

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