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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

 C 

 D 

E - F

G - H 

I - J

K - L

 M 

N - O

P - Q

 R 

 S 

T - U

V - Z

M

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

MacCRACKEN, WILLIAM B., II
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William B. MacCracken, II, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Senior Medical Officer of the landing forces of the SECOND Marine Raider Battalion, against Japanese-held Makin Island, on 17 and 18 August 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, MacCracken personally carried many of the wounded to positions of greater safety, thereby enabling himself to administer early and effective aid, following the first enemy air attack. When his boat overturned, endangering the life of a seriously wounded enlisted man during the first attempt at evacuation, he risked his own life by holding the helpless man's head above the water and swimming ashore with him. After returning to his ship, Lieutenant MacCracken performed six major operations under most difficult circumstances and, as a result of his skillful and tireless efforts, he succeeded in bringing all of his cases back to base in excellent condition. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant MacCracken saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: September 2, 1907 at Mount Vernon, New York
Home Town: Berkeley, California

MacDONALD, DONALD JOHN
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald John MacDonald, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. O'BANNON (DD-450), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 4, 5 and 6 July 1943. When a cruiser of his task force was torpedoed during an effective bombardment of enemy positions off Kula Gulf, Lieutenant Commander MacDonald skillfully maneuvered the O'BANNON close to the sinking vessel in order to screen another destroyer assisting in the hazardous rescue operations. Through his superior tactical knowledge and daring initiative, he enabled this destroyer to carry out her mission undamaged, although his own ship was being subjected to intense fire from enemy coastal batteries and the entire rescue detachment bombed by hostile aircraft. Twenty-four hours later, the same task group participated in a fierce engagement with a numerically superior Japanese naval force and succeeded in sinking or severely damaging all of the hostile vessels. The brilliant leadership displayed by Lieutenant Commander MacDonald and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the success of our forces in these vital campaigns and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943) & 332 (November 1944)
Born: July 25, 1908 at DuBois, Pennsylvania
Home Town: New York, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MacDONALD, DONALD JOHN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Donald John MacDonald, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. O'BANNON (DD-450), during operations in the Solomon Islands Area on the night of 17 - 18 August 1943. When an enemy Japanese force of four destroyers and a large number of landing barges endeavored under cover of night to reinforce the enemy garrisons in the Vella Lavella-Kolombangara Area, Commander MacDonald, with exceptional tactical skill under relentless gun and torpedo fire, led the O'BANNON in a brilliant interception of the hostile vessels. He fought his ship gallantly and contributed to the destruction of two destroyers, severe damage to a third and the annihilation of a number of landing barges. Having routed the enemy, he brought his vessel through this vital engagement unscathed. The superb leadership and unflinching courage displayed by Commander MacDonald and the loyal devotion to duty of his crew reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 331 (October 1944)
Born: July 25, 1908 at DuBois, Pennsylvania
Home Town: New York, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MacGREGOR, EDGAR JOHN, III
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edgar John MacGregor, III, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SHAD (SS-235), during a war patrol of that submarine in enemy waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander MacGregor brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 28, 1906 at Sheepshead Bay, New York
Home Town: Coronado, California

MacINNES, DONALD ELVER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Elver MacInnes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*MACK, HAROLD JOHN (MIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold John Mack, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. VINCENNES (CA-44), in action against enemy Japanese forces after that vessel was attacked by enemy aircraft off Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands, on 9 August 1942. Gunner's Mate Second Class Mack was incapacitated by severe wounds in both legs. In spite of his injuries he continued to fulfill his duties as gun captain until ordered to abandon ship. After the loss of the ship, he was reported missing in action. The conduct of Gunner's Mate Second Class Mack throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: December 29, 1917 at LeMars, Iowa
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

MACKENZIE, BURT CAMERON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Burt Cameron MacKenzie, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CVL-10), while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, MacKenzie contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 27, 1921 at Greensboro, North Carolina
Home Town: Greensboro, North Carolina

MACKENZIE, COLIN J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Colin J. MacKenzie, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. WILSON (DD-408), in action against the enemy on 23 December 1944, at Leyte in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

*MACKENZIE, GEORGE KENNETH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Kenneth MacKenzie, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TRITON (SS-201), during the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters during February 1943. With daring and skillful seamanship, Lieutenant Commander MacKenzie maneuvered his ship into effective striking position and attacked an enemy convoy, sinking several ships of the convoy and damaging others. Lieutenant Commander MacKenzie's inspiring leadership and the excellent performance of duty of his command were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 30, 1910 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

MACKIN, DEAN L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dean L. Mackin, Signalman's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. FLETCHER (DD- 445), in action against the enemy on 14 February 1945, in the Southwest Pacific. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MACLEAN, WILLIAM PLANNETTE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Plannette MacLean, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 29 June 1944, while deployed against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, MacLean's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: March 1, 1920 at Topeka, Kansas
Home Town: Belcamp, Maryland

MACMILLAN, DUNCAN C.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Duncan C. MacMillan, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity in action in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. THRESHER (SS-200), on the ELEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 December 1943 through 18 February 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander MacMillan brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 30, 1905 at Berkeley, California
Home Town: Berkeley, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MACMILLAN, DUNCAN C.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Duncan C. MacMillan, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. THRESHER (SS-200), on the THIRTEENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 14 June 1944 to 27 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Strait, in the Philippine Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander MacMillan brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 30, 1905 at Berkeley, California
Home Town: Berkeley, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MACOMBER, BRAINARD TUCKER
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Brainard Tucker Macomber, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against Japanese forces on 7 and 8 May 1942, during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Macomber's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 23, 1916 at Providence, Rhode Island
Home Town: Marblehead, Massachusetts
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MACOMBER, BRAINARD TUCKER
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Brainard Tucker Macomber, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Macomber were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 23, 1916 at Providence, Rhode Island
Home Town: Marblehead, Massachusetts
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*MAGUIRE, WILLIAM CHARLES, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Charles Maguire, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTY (VT-50), embarked from the U.S.S. COWPENS (CVL-25), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MAHER, ARTHUR L. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur L. Maher, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession on Board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. HOUSTON (CA-30), in action against the enemy on 4 February 1942, the Flores Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MAHER, JAMES EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Edward Maher, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. SAN JUAN (CL-54), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. While his Task Force was being subjected to intense and sustained air attack, Captain Maher valiantly fought his ship, maintaining her assigned station and enabling her to provide effective protection for an aircraft carrier. Captain Maher's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: October 27, 1892 at Cortland, New York
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

MAHER, JOSEPH BENEDICT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Benedict Maher, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division NINETY-TWO (DesDiv 92), in action against the enemy from 11 May 1945 through 21 June 1945, off Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MAHONEY, ROBERT THOMAS
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Thomas Mahoney, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mahoney contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 12, 1919 at Theresa, Wisconsin
Home Town: Berkeley, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAHONEY, ROBERT THOMAS
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Thomas Mahoney, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ONE (VT-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against enemy Japanese forces over Kure, Japan on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 12, 1919 at Theresa, Wisconsin
Home Town: Berkeley, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAICHACK, JOHN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Maichack, Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy on 24 July 1944, at Tinian in the Northern Marianas Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: February 8, 1916 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Plainville, Connecticut

*MAIER, WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Maier, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ELEVEN (VT-11), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 19, 1920 at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Richmond, California

MALANAPHY, MICHAEL JOSEPH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Michael Joseph Malanaphy, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Fire Support Flotilla Commander, in action against the enemy from 16 through 19 February 1945, off Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MALONEY, JOHN THOMAS
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Thomas Maloney, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 10, 1920 at McMinnville, Oregon
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MALONEY, JOHN THOMAS
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John Thomas Maloney, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), on 28 July 1945, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 10, 1920 at McMinnville, Oregon
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*MALOY, THOMAS JOEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas Joel Maloy, Chief Watertender, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. ATLANTA (CL-51), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. After a torpedo had struck the vessel and his station in No. 1 fireroom was flooding rapidly, Chief Watertender Maloy promptly ordered his crew to abandon the area while he remained behind until compelled to relinquish all hope for further use of the fireroom. Subsequently, obtaining an oxygen breathing apparatus, he proceeded to investigate conditions in the forward engine room and was killed while performing this task. The conduct of Chief Watertender Maloy throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: September 26, 1906 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Milwaukie, Oregon

MALTBY, ARTHUR L., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur L. Maltby, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber and Flight Leader in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), attached to the U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA (CV-38), in action against enemy Japanese forces at the Yokosuka Naval Base on 18 July 1945. Carrying out a determined attack on the enemy battleship, Nagato, Lieutenant Commander Maltby led his flight through intense ship and shore antiaircraft fire from the point of commencing the final approach until well after pulling out and, dropping his bomb directly on the aiming point, contributed materially to the infliction of damage on the hostile warship. Although his plane was severely damaged by enemy fire during the attack, he brought it safe back to base. Lieutenant Commander Maltby's gallant leadership and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MALTBY, ARTHUR L., JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Arthur L. Maltby, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber and Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VB-85), attached to the U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA (CV-38), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Executing a skillful approach to his target, Lieutenant Commander Maltby dived through intense antiaircraft fire from ship and shore batteries to score a direct hit on the enemy battleship HARUNA, thereby contributing materially to the beaching of this vessel shortly thereafter. His outstanding airmanship, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAMONAS, CHRISTOPHER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Christopher Mamonas, Lieutenant, Junior Grade (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as a Medical Officer on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), after that vessel was severely damaged during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November 1942. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mamonas saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 4, 1914 at Haverhill, Massachusetts
Home Town: Pittsfield, Massachusetts

MANNING, JOSEPH IGNATIUS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Ignatius Manning, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HOBSON (DD-464), in action against the enemy on 16 April 1945, off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MARCH, JAMES DONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Donald March, Aviation Chief Ordnanceman's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. While the HORNET was under aerial attack, Aviation Chief Ordnanceman's Mate March voluntarily entered a blazing compartment to secure an unexploded 500-pound bomb, and then remained to assist in extinguishing the flames that raged in the vicinity of the dormant explosive. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: December 2, 1916 at Panama City, Florida
Home Town: Alexandria, Louisiana

MARCY, LINCOLN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lincoln Marcy, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. RONQUIL (SS-369), on 17 November 1944 during the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine. When the ship blew two holes in its pressure hull, Lieutenant Commander Marcy led a repair crew that fixed the damage so the ship could dive again. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Marcy brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 29, 1916 at Worcester, Massachusetts
Home Town: Shrewsbury, Massachusetts

MARKHAM, JERRY NEAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jerry Neal Markham, Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Member of Naval Combat Demolition Unit, during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. When the Officer in Charge of his unit was killed on landing, Chief Machinist's Mate Markham assumed command of the remainder of his unit and blew a partial gap in the enemy beach obstacles. After leading injured members of his crew to safety, he assisted other units in demolitions, succeeded in saving three men buried as a result of a cave-in caused by a shell explosion, and for forty-eight hours directed his men in the clearance of beach obstacles with commandeered equipment after explosives for that purpose had been expended. His display of courage and devotion to duty on this occasion reflects the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 4, 1918 at Mobile, Alabama
Home Town: Jacksonville, Florida

MARKS, HOWARD P.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard P. Marks, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 24, 1921 at New York, New York
Home Town: Providence, Rhode Island

MARQUEZ, ELGUTERIO JOE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elguterio Joe Marquez, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as Corpsman with an Assault Company attached to the Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 13 October 1944. Although severely wounded in both legs during an action in which his company was subjected to intense hostile fire, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Marquez courageously dragged himself over extremely rough and difficult terrain to aid seven of his wounded comrades, and, although unable to walk, treated each of the casualties in turn, remaining with them and refusing treatment for himself until they were evacuated. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Marquez undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: February 21, 1925 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*MARQUIS, JOSEPH T. O.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph T. O. Marquis, Chief Aviation Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Second Pilot of a Ready Duty Patrol Plane, Fleet Air Detachment, San Diego, California, 10 January 1942. Chief Machinist Mate Marquis and his Patrol Plane Commander, Ensign Joseph A. Ekar, A-V(N), USNR, successfully rescued at sea Captain Graham E. Benson, USMC, and Corporal C. S. Pierson, USMC, who, after a forced landing of their plane were adrift at sea in a small aviation emergency rubber boat. When the rescue boat which went to their aid was disabled, he assisted Ensign Ekar in skillfully and courageously landing his plane in very unfavorable seas, and in taking off parallel to the swells without injury to any personnel of the plane.
Born: August 17, 1902 at Whitfield, New Hampshire
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

MARSH, WILBUR LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur Lee Marsh, Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Company Corpsman with the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during an engagement with enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 - 14 September 1942. When his company was almost completely surrounded by the Japanese and under attack from all directions, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Marsh, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, constantly exposed himself to enemy fire to care for and evacuate the wounded. As a result of his dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Marsh undoubtedly saved the lives of many of the injured who otherwise might have perished. His courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943) & 317 (August 1943)
Born: January 12, 1920 at Alliance, Ohio
Home Town: Plainsville, Ohio

MARSHALL, ELLIOTT EUGENE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elliott Eugene Marshall, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CUTTLEFISH (SS-171), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 July 1942 to 20 September 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Solomon Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Marshall brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 19, 1908 at Portland, Maine
Home Town: Portland, Maine

MARTIN, ALBERT E., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert E. Martin, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action on 11 November 1943, while deployed over Rabaul. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MARTIN, JOHN CRAYSDALE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Craysdale Martin, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HAMMERHEAD (SS-364), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 September 1944 to 2 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Martin brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 28, 1910 at Wichita, Kansas
Home Town: Brooklyn, Iowa

MARTIN, LEO
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leo Martin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MARTINEK, PETER PAUL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Peter Paul Martinek, Turret Captain First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. Promptly upon the destruction of his station by a bomb explosion, Martinek, already sprinkled with powder, entered the wrecked and burning quarters for Chief Petty Officers, and despite complete darkness and smoke, removed exposed powder in the path of the fire, disposing of it over the side. Furthermore, he displayed initiative and skill in the fighting of fires and rescuing of the wounded. These qualities together with an utter disregard for his own personal safety contributed greatly to the saving of the ship for further war service and the saving of many lives. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 29, 1910 at Youngstown, Ohio
Home Town: Los Angeles, California

*MARTORANO, JOHN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Martorano, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with Company H, Third Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 22 February 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Martorano undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: April 25, 1917 at Hartford, Connecticut
Home Town: Arcadia, California

*MARTS, ALVIN LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alvin Lee Marts, Fireman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), in action after the torpedoing of his ship in enemy-controlled waters during the Battle of Tassafaronga on the night of 30 November 1942. Fireman Second Class Marts assisted others in carrying an injured medical officer to the amidships dressing station, although he himself had been severely wounded by a tremendous explosion. When he reached the dressing station he collapsed from utter exhaustion and loss of blood and died shortly afterward. The conduct of Fireman Second Class Marts throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: August 4, 1923 at Wilsonville, Nebraska
Home Town: Delta, Colorado

MASON, CHARLES PERRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Perry Mason, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Throughout the battle, while the HORNET was being subjected to violent attacks by overwhelming numbers of Japanese fighters, dive and torpedo bombers, Rear Admiral Mason directed the fighting of his ship with cool and aggressive determination. The air forces under his command succeeded in severely damaging and possibly sinking a large number of enemy warships, including an aircraft carrier, three heavy cruisers, and one light cruiser. In addition to this damage to enemy surface vessels, a total of 70 Japanese planes was destroyed, the guns of the HORNET accounting for 26 of them. Rear Admiral Mason's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: January 12, 1891 at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida

MASON, EDRIC ROBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edric Robert Mason, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VT-21), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 5, 1920 at Newark, New Jersey
Home Town: Maplewood, New Jersey

MASON, JOHN LOWERY
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Lowery Mason, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-FIVE (VC-75), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), and deployed over the East China Sea on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 10, 1924 at Leigh, Nebraska
Home Town: Mount Rainier, Maryland

MASONER, WILLIAM JOHN, JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William John Masoner, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 24 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Masoner's valiant leadership, inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 5, 1917 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Riverside, Illinois
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MASONER, WILLIAM JOHN, JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William John Masoner, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Masoner's valiant leadership, inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 5, 1917 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Riverside, Illinois
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*MASSEY, LANCE EDWARD (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Lance Edward Massey (0-063292), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Lieutenant Massey led his squadron in a Torpedo Plane assault against Japanese naval units, in the face of intense antiaircraft fire and overwhelming fighter opposition. He pressed home his attack to a point where it became relatively certain that in order to fulfill his mission he would probably sacrifice his life. Undeterred by the grave possibilities of such a hazardous offensive, he carried on, with extreme disregard for his own personal safety, until his squadron scored direct hits on two enemy aircraft carriers. His self sacrificing gallantry and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: September 20, 1909 at Syracuse, New York
Home Town: Descano, California

MATHIAS, LEONARD PAUL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard Paul Mathias, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant Mathias contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 18, 1916 at Mathias, West Virginia
Home Town: Peoria, Illinois

MATHIS, LLOYD THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lloyd Thomas Mathis, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Company Corpsman with the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during an engagement with enemy Japanese forces on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 - 14 September 1942. When his company was almost completely surrounded by the Japanese and under attack from all directions, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Mathis, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, constantly exposed himself to enemy fire to care for and evacuate the wounded. As a result of his dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Mathis undoubtedly saved the lives of many of the injured who otherwise might have perished. His courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: October 25, 1919 at Cherokee County, South Carolina
Home Town: Spartanburg, South Carolina

MATTHEWS, FREDERICK S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick S. Matthews, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Matthews participated in a bombing attack on the Japanese battleship MUSASHI. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Matthews' outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MATTIS, JOHNNIE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Johnnie E. Mattis, Aviation Chief Radioman, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and strong fighter opposition, Aviation Chief Radioman Mattis pressed home an attack against an enemy aircraft carrier to within the dangerously short range of a few hundred yards of the target. He was able to score a hit on the enemy ship by utter disregard for his own safety and determination in carrying out his mission. Contributing to the destruction of the enemy carrier and to the success of our forces in the Coral Sea Battle, he conducted himself on this occasion in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: October 4, 1913 at Corsica, South Dakota
Home Town: Ute, Iowa

MATTOX, REDFIELD HIGH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Redfield High Mattox, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action on 17 February 1945, while deployed over Tokyo, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 5, 1919 at Franklin County, Virginia
Home Town: Durham, North Carolina

MATTSON, EDWARD DURAN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Duran Mattson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against the enemy from 3 to 5 May 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 9, 1917 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: Deerwood, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MATTSON, EDWARD DURAN
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Edward Duran Mattson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mattson were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 9, 1917 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: Deerwood, Minnesota
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAUL, ELMER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elmer Maul, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against Japanese forces on 7 and 8 May 1942, during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. Ensign Maul's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 7, 1915 at Greeley, Colorado
Home Town: Eaton, Colorado

MAURER, JOHN H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John H. Maurer, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ATULE (SS-403), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 October 1944 to 11 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Luzon Strait of the Philippine Islands. With cool aggressiveness, sound judgment and skill, Commander Maurer launched well-planned attacks which resulted in sinking enemy ships totaling over 25, 000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Maurer brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 28, 1912 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

*MAXFIELD, RUSSELL ANSON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Russell Anson Maxfield, Hospital Apprentice Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu in the Palau Islands, from 15 to 17 September 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Maxfield undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: April 12, 1926 at Helena, Montana
Home Town: Great Falls, Montana

*MAXSON, WILLIS EDWARD, III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Willis Edward Maxson, III, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Junior Officer of the Watch onboard the U.S.S. SKATE (SS-305), during an attack by a U.S. warship on an enemy base at Wake Island on 7 October 1943 Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Maxson defied extreme danger to remain steadfastly at his post while his ship effected the hazardous rescue of two naval aviators shot down within 5000 yards of the Japanese base. While searching for a third, the vessel was attacked by a Japanese dive-bomber, and was forced to dive to escape. During this action, while braving concentrated fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Maxson received a mortal wound. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 327 (June 1944)
Born: March 18, 1920 at Wichita Falls, Texas
Home Town: Austin, Texas

MAY, ORVILLE W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orville W. May, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, May pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MAY, ROBERT
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert May, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MAYER, NICHOLAS JOHN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nicholas John Mayer, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MAYHEW, BOYD N.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Boyd N. Mayhew, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-ONE (VF-41), attached to the U.S.S. RANGER (CV-4), during the occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. Attacked by sixteen hostile fighters while raiding the Gazes airdrome, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mayhew and his flight of eighteen planes shot nine of the interceptors out of the sky and destroyed fourteen aircraft on the ground. In addition to subsequent strafing raids which silenced enemy shore batteries near Port Lyautey and El Hank, he fought his way through a bursting hail of anti-aircraft fire to bombard two surface submarines and a light cruiser off Casablanca.
Born: April 30, 1916 at Bristol, Ohio
Home Town: Mantua, Ohio

MAYOCK, FRANK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Mayock, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron ONE (VT-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against the enemy fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Courageous in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire and strong fighter opposition, Lieutenant Mayock participated in a successful close range torpedo attack which resulted in two torpedo hits on an enemy carrier. After releasing his torpedo, he gallantry fought off several attacking enemy fighters, and skillfully navigated his aircraft to his Task Group after nightfall. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant Mayock contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 17, 1919 at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

MAZZA, HAROLD R.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold R. Mazza, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Ensign Mazza pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 15, 1912 at Pepaluma, California
Home Town: Pepaluma, California
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAZZA, HAROLD R.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Harold R. Mazza, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces on 8 May 1942, in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and concerted enemy fighter opposition, Ensign Mazza closed to within a few hundred yards of the target to execute a fearless and determined attack. Scoring a hit on an enemy aircraft carrier, he thereby contributed to the severe damage and probable destruction of the vessel and aided materially in the success of the operation. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: November 15, 1912 at Pepaluma, California
Home Town: Pepaluma, California
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAZZA, HAROLD R.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Harold R. Mazza, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 15, 1912 at Pepaluma, California
Home Town: Pepaluma, California
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MAZZA, HAROLD R.
(Fourth Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Third Gold Star in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Navy Cross to Harold R. Mazza, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 28 July 1945, while embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), and deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 15, 1912 at Pepaluma, California
Home Town: Pepaluma, California
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*McANN, DONALD ROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Roy McAnn, Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Member of a Photographic Detail on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against Japanese forces off Santa Cruz Islands, 26 October 1942. During the fierce air battle, Gunner's Mate First Class McAnn took valuable photographs from an exposed position on the forward port .50 caliber gun mount. In addition, he rendered vital assistance to the gun crew and displayed outstanding courage without regard for his own safety. While relieving one of the gunners, he was struck by an exploding bomb fragment and fatally wounded. The conduct of Gunner's Mate First Class McAnn throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: June 23, 1911 at Rochester, New York
Home Town: Rochester, New York

McBRIDE, WILLIAM EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Edward McBride, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant McBride's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 22, 1923 at Gulf, Texas
Home Town: Boling, Texas

McCAIN, JOHN SIDNEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Sidney McCain, Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Group 38.1, after the torpedoing of the U.S.S. CANBERRA and U.S.S. HOUSTON by Japanese aerial forces, ninety miles off the Island of Formosa, during the period 13 to 15 October 1944. Vice Admiral McCain interposed his task group to cover the withdrawal of the U.S.S. CANBERRA and U.S.S. HOUSTON and by his skillful and courageous handling of his forces broke up repeated heavy enemy air attacks. His actions contributed in great measure to the ultimate successful salvaging of the two damaged cruisers. Vice Admiral McCain's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 347 (January 1945)
Born: January 17, 1911 at Council Bluffs, Iowa
Home Town: Coronado, California

McCALLEY, ROYCE A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Royce A. McCalley, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McCAMPBELL, DAVID S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David S. McCampbell, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Commanding Officer of Air Group FIFTEEN (AG-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), and as Target Coordinator for the combined aircraft of three Task Groups, in operations against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Luzon, Philippine Islands, during the battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Commander McCampbell's coolness, quick thinking, superior judgment and outstanding leadership resulted in the sinking of one medium aircraft carrier, one light cruiser, two destroyers, the heavily damaging of one large aircraft carrier, one small aircraft carrier, two destroyers and the damaging of one battleship. By his outstanding performance not only was the maximum damage inflicted on the enemy but our own losses were kept at a minimum. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: January 16, 1910 at Bessemer, Alabama
Home Town: West Palm Beach, Florida
Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), Navy Cross (WWII)

McCARTHY, JOHN REGINALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Reginald McCarthy, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign McCarthy, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 1, 1918 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota

McCAULEY, JAMES W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James W. McCauley, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 6, 1912 at Fairbanks, Alaska
Home Town: Fairbanks, Alaska

McCLINTOCK, DAVID H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David H. McClintock, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. DARTER (SS-227), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 1 September 1944 to 24 October 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Celebes Sea and South China Sea. Commander McClintock led his ship in a series of daring attacks against enemy units of considerable size. Despite the efforts of alerted escorts and the hazards of dangerous waters, he succeeded in severely damaging enemy ships. In his last effort, he sank a large enemy ship with direct hits. His operations were all conducted in close proximity to strong Japanese forces. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander McClintock brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: February 26, 1912 at Benton Harbor, Michigan
Home Town: Marquette, Michigan

McCLUSKY, CLARENCE WADE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clarence Wade McClusky, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane and Air Group Commander of Air Group SIX (AG-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the Battle of Midway on 6 June 1942. On receipt of a report of an enemy Japanese invasion fleet in the area, Lieutenant Commander McClusky led his squadron of planes in a dogged and thorough search, continued until the objective was located, and attacked with boldness and determination four enemy carriers in complete disregard of heavy antiaircraft fire and strong fighter opposition. Such severe damage was inflicted on the flight decks of the Japanese carriers that they were effectively putout of action. Lieutenant Commander McClusky's courage and inspiring leadership in the face of great danger and very large opposition were in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: June 1, 1902 at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Buffalo, New York

McCOMBS, CHARLES EDWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Edward McCombs, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. MONSSEN (DD-436), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: February 17, 1909 at Martins Ferry, Ohio
Home Town: Martins Ferry, Ohio

McCORMACK, VINCENT F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vincent F. McCormack, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action from 5 to 8 May 1942, during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 2, 1916 at New York, New York
Home Town: Teaneck, New Jersey

McCRACKEN, ALAN REED
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alan Reed McCracken, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the River Gunboat U.S.S. MINDANAO (PR-8), in action against the enemy from 7 December 1941 through 28 April 1942, in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 14, 1898 at Paxton, Illinois
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

McCRACKEN, FLOYD ELMER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Floyd Elmer McCracken, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in action on 24 May 1944, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McCREA, VICTOR B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Victor B. McCrea, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HOE (SS-258), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 26 January 1944 to 5 March 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. During this aggressive patrol against enemy shipping between Mindanao and Halmahera, Commander McCrea made repeated night surface attacks against two escorted enemy convoys and succeeded in sinking a large loaded tanker and three freighters and in damaging a larger tanker. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander McCrea brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: July 10, 1908 at Williams County, Ohio
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

McCRORY, WOODROW W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Woodrow W. McCrory, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PARCHE (SS-384), on War Patrols of that submarine during 1944 and 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander McCrory brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McCUDDIN, LEO BOB
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leo Bob McCuddin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. Lieutenant Rossi's inspiring courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty in the face of hazardous flying conditions reflected great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 2, 1917 at Sioux City, Iowa
Home Town: Flagstaff, Arizona

McCUE, HARTSEL FILLER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hartsel Filler McCue, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 7, 1922 at Keyser, West Virginia
Home Town: Keyser, West Virginia

McCULLEY, HALE T.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hale T. McCulley, Chief Shipfitter, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. Following a bomb explosion, Chief Shipfitter McCulley led a party throughout the forward section evacuating flooding magazines. He proceeded to the sick bay area, where he brought all fires under control. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: September 26, 1906 at Riverview, Nebraska
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri

McCURDY, JACK C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack C. McCurdy, Lieutenant (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Battalion Surgeon with the SIXTH Marine Division, on Guam in the Marianas Islands, on 21 July 1944. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant McCurdy saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 21, 1913 at Marshall, Texas
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana

McCUSKEY, ELBERT SCOTT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elbert Scott McCuskey, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against the Japanese on 4 and 8 May 1942. On 4 May, in company with three other fighter planes forming the escort group for our own Torpedo Planes in an attack on Tulagi Harbor, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McCuskey made a strafing attack on an enemy gunboat and destroyer, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and caused serious damage to both enemy vessels. On 8 May, as member of the fighter escort group protecting our own Torpedo Planes making an attack on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea, he engaged enemy planes attempting to intercept our attack group and thus assisted materially in the success of our attack which resulted in sinking or severe damaging of the enemy carrier. On his return to our own force he encountered and destroyed an enemy Torpedo Plane. Throughout these engagements Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McCuskey showed courage and aggressiveness without regard for personal safety. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 8, 1915 at Little Rock, Arkansas
Home Town: Stuttgart, Arkansas
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McCUSKEY, ELBERT SCOTT
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Elbert Scott McCuskey, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McCuskey were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 8, 1915 at Little Rock, Arkansas
Home Town: Stuttgart, Arkansas
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McCUTCHEON, DONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald McCutcheon, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McCutcheon succeeded in scoring a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of CHITOSE class, causing certain damage to that enemy vessel. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McCutcheon contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: December 27, 1920 at Elizabeth, New Jersey
Home Town: Elizabeth, New Jersey

McDANIEL, CHARLES O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles O. McDaniel, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as a Combat Photo Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 13 and 15 May 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McDANIEL, GEORGE T., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George T. McDaniel, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. SMITH (DD-378), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. When a flaming Japanese plane crashed on the forecastle of his ship, its torpedo exploding, Lieutenant McDaniel gallantly led a fire party to the scene, and despite fierce aerial attacks, finally succeeded in extinguishing it, thereby enabling his ship to maintain her position in a carrier's screen. The conduct of Lieutenant McDaniel throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: May 21, 1916 at Lynchburg, Virginia
Home Town: Lynchburg, Virginia

McDANIEL, HECTOR SINGLETON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hector Singleton McDaniel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Co- Pilot of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VPB-101), in action against enemy Japanese during an armed reconnaissance mission over Puerto Princessa and the surrounding areas in the Philippine Islands on 19 October 1944. Boldly sweeping over a concentrated area in a series of devastating runs, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McDaniel contributed materially to the sinking of two cargo vessels and the destruction of ten hostile planes on an enemy airstrip despite a deadly barrage of antiaircraft fire. Then, in a second attack, he aided in the destruction of three seaplanes and the damaging of three others before his own plane sustained severe damage which made necessary a dangerous crash landing at sea. With his pilot and three crewmen seriously injured in the landing, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McDaniel rescued them from the water and got them ashore, after which he was largely instrumental in obtaining aid from the Philippine Guerillas, thereby assisting in saving the lives of his six comrades. His airmanship, exceptional courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McDONALD, FRANK RONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Ronald McDonald, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Ensign McDonald dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Ensign McDonald's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: May 9, 1918 at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Bothell, Washington

McDONALD, JASPER NEWTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jasper Newton McDonald, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BENNETT (DD-473), in action against the enemy from 1 through 7 April 1945, off the coast of Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

McDONALD, JOHN SUMNER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Sumner McDonald, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McDonald contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 20, 1921 at Linneus, Missouri
Home Town: Centralia, Missouri

McDONALD, PHILIP T.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Philip T. McDonald, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on against the enemy, while deployed over Honshu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McDOWELL, HENRY MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Martin McDowell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McDowell's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 18, 1915 at Salina, Kansas
Home Town: Seattle, Washington

McDOWELL, WILFRED O.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilfred O. McDowell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VF-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McELROY, RHODAM Y., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rhodam Y. McElroy, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and as Tactical Leader in Escort Scouting Squadron TWENTY-SIX (VS-26), embarked from the U.S.S. Sangamon (ACV-26), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. While leading his squadron on a mission to locate camouflaged enemy tanks, Lieutenant McElroy, on the afternoon of 10 November, deliberately subjected his plane to withering anti-aircraft fire by flying at low altitude in order to ascertain the exact location of the tanks. Although his plane was hit many times, he courageously and resolutely persevered in his task, making repeated attacks which resulted in a complete rout of enemy tank forces. On two other occasions, Lieutenant McElroy led his squadron in perfectly timed and well executed attacks against hostile gun positions and an enemy airdrome. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)
Born: August 13, 1914 at Lebanon, Kentucky
Home Town: Lebanon, Kentucky

McELWEE, ROBERT E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert E. McElwee, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron SIX (VFB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McFARLAND, ALAN ROBERTS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alan Roberts McFarland, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BACHE (DD-470), during operations against enemy Japanese forces off Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain, from 1 April to 2 June 1945. Coolly vigilant as he patrolled the hazardous waters of his assigned picket station, Commander McFarland boldly met the savage challenge of Japanese kamikaze planes, hurling the full force of his gun-batteries at the aggressors and fighting off repeated attacks with unfaltering skill and accuracy to effect the destruction of seven hostile aircraft by his ship's gunfire and two additional planes by Combat Air Patrol under his direction. Rendering valiant support during 15 days of intensive combat action, he unhesitatingly proceeded to the assistance of other vessels in his group as they sustained serious damage under the enemy's fanatic suicide dives, providing prompt fire-fighting and medical aid to the damaged craft and assisting in the rescue of numerous survivors despite the constant threat of renewed aerial attack. A forceful leader, Commander McFarland, by his superb ship-handling, consistently sound judgment and unrelenting aggressiveness in the face of tremendous opposition, contributed essentially to the safety of all our forces in the Okinawa Area, and his conduct throughout sustained and enhanced the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McFEATERS, CHARLIE PAUL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charlie Paul McFeaters, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Transport Ship U.S.S. McCAWLEY (AP-10), a transport vessel carrying troops and supplies to Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 7 through 9 August, 1942. Captain McFeaters took his ship into Guadalcanal on three occasions with reinforcements and supplies for the forces ashore, despite heavy aerial bombing, repeated torpedo attacks and bombardments from Japanese shore batteries, and landed his cargo safely. He then brought his ship safely back to port unscathed. Captain McFeaters' inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: September 6, 1891 at Scottdale, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Greensburg, Pennsylvania

McGANN, PATRICK HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Patrick Henry McGann, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774), during an attack on that vessel by more than one hundred enemy Japanese planes off Okinawa, the morning of 11 May 1945. Skillfully directing his men in the fight against waves of hostile suicide and dive- bombing planes attacking his ship from all directions, Lieutenant McGann sent up barrages of antiaircraft fire and, by his courage and determination in maintaining effective gunfire throughout the prolonged engagement, shot down at least nineteen Japanese planes before the ship was finally crashed by a bomb and three Kamikazes. Lieutenant McGann's leadership and professional skill in the face of overwhelming opposition reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.

McGARVEY, JAMES F., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James F. McGarvey, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*McGAUGHEY, HAROLD M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold M. McGaughey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Executive Officer and Pilot of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SEVENTEEN (VPB-117), in action on 29 January 1945. During a reconnaissance patrol between Leyte and Okinawa, Lieutenant Commander and his crew conducted a successful raid along the coast of the Japanese mainland, sinking five merchant ships and damaging five others. He then proceeded inland to strafe and destroy numerous shore installations and supply dumps in the face of intense antiaircraft fire. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McGEE, JAMES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James McGee, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McGee contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 7, 1920 at Plainfield, New Jersey
Home Town: Plainfield, New Jersey

*McGINTY, FRANKLIN ALEXANDER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Franklin Alexander McGinty, Soundman Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the River Gunboat U.S.S. PLYMOUTH (PG-57), during and after the sinking of that vessel through enemy action near Cape Henry, along the United States' Atlantic coast, on 5 August 1943. When an enemy torpedo crashed into the Plymouth amidships, causing devastating fires and extensive damage, Soundman Third Class McGinty unhesitatingly risked his life in behalf of his endangered shipmates. In a courageous attempt to rescue a man known to be trapped in the ship's flaming armory, he entered the compartment and was himself trapped, thereby losing his life. The conduct of Soundman Third Class McGinty throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 324 (March 1944)
Born: November 22, 1911 at Atlanta, Georgia
Home Town: Calhoun, Georgia

McGOVERN, GEORGE E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George E. McGovern, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McGOWAN, EDWARD C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward C. McGowan, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McGRAW, JOSEPH D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph D. McGraw, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron TEN (VC-10), embarked from the U.S.S. GAMBIER BAY (CVE-73), in action on 24 October 1944, while deployed over Samar during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 17, 1923 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Dewitt, New York

McGREGOR, DONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald McGregor, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GAR (SS-206), during the FIRST War Patrol of that vessel in enemy controlled waters during the period 2 February 1942 to 28 March 1942. Despite strong enemy countermeasures and unfavorable sea conditions, Lieutenant Commander McGregor took advantage of every opportunity to strike the enemy and in a series of skillfully conducted attacks succeeded in sinking 10,500 tons of enemy Japanese shipping without casualty to personnel of his own command. Lieutenant Commander McGregor's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: October 26, 1903 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

McGREGOR, LOUIS D., JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis D. McGregor, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. REDFISH (SS-395), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 July 1944 to 20 October 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander McGregor brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 28, 1907 at Warrenton, Georgia
Home Town: Warrenton, Georgia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McGREGOR, LOUIS D., JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Louis D. McGregor, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. REDFISH (SS-395), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 25 October 1944 to 2 January 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander McGregor brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 28, 1907 at Warrenton, Georgia
Home Town: Warrenton, Georgia
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McHENRY, ROBERT EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Edward McHenry, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. In the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant McHenry pressed home his torpedo attack, scoring a hit which seriously damaged an enemy battleship. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: June 27, 1916 at Tomahawk, Wisconsin
Home Town: Evanston, Illinois

McILHENNY, HARRY H.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry H. McIlhenny, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. REID (DD-369), in action against the enemy at Nazan Bay. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: August 18, 1904 at Leechville, North Carolina
Home Town: Washington, North Carolina

McINERNEY, FRANCIS XAVIER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Xavier McInerney, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron TWENTY-ONE, as part of a task force during landing operations on 5 - 6 July 1943, in the Solomon Islands. Captain McInerney, in the face of intense hostile gun and torpedo fire, led his group through restricted, submarine-infested waters to effectively bombard enemy shore batteries. The following day, the same task force participated in an engagement with an enemy force and sank or damaged all hostile craft. When a cruiser of his own group was sunk, he returned with two destroyers and directed the rescue of 700 survivors, finally abandoning these activities to attack and sink two other enemy vessels and badly damage a third. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: March 28, 1899 at Cheyenne, Wyoming
Home Town: Cheyenne, Wyoming

McINNIS, ALEX N., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alex N. McInnis, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane Airplane in Patrol Squadron FIFTY-TWO (VP-52), in action against the enemy from 25 November 1943 to 23 December 1943, while deployed over the Bismarck Islands. During this period Lieutenant McInnis led his PBY Catalina on night missions against enemy combatants and convoys in the Bismarck Archipelago during extremely adverse and hazardous weather conditions. He successfully carried out a low-altitude attack on a large merchant vessel during which, despite heavy antiaircraft fire, he was able to drop his thousand-pound bomb on the merchant ship, leaving it in flames and still burning three hours after the attack. Lieutenant McInnis' outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 4, 1916 at Meridian, Mississippi
Home Town: Gainesville, Florida

McINTOSH, GEORGE R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George R. McIntosh, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McKEE, AUGUSTUS BERNARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Augustus Bernard McKee, Jr., Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman and member of a Naval Beach Party Medical Team landing with the assault forces at the beaches of Normandy, on the Coast of France, on 6 June 1944. Hospital Apprentice First Class McKee, cut off from the remainder of his unit and working under intense enemy fire with utter disregard for his own safety, attended the wounded with such skill and devotion to duty as unquestionably to have resulted in the saving of many lives. His own landing craft having been sunk at sea, he had lost all of his medical supplies before reaching the beach. Working with such meager supplies as he was able to salvage from the dead and wounded, and all the while working under intense machine gun and sniper fire, Hospital Apprentice First Class McKee attended the wounded and comforted the dying with utter disregard for his own safety until help reached him several hours later. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Hospital Apprentice First Class McKee undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 21, 1920 at Princeton, New Jersey
Home Town: Jersey City, New Jersey

McKEE, JOHN T.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John T. McKee, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McKENNA, FRANCIS JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Joseph McKenna, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. ST. LO (CVE-63), during operations against major elements of the Japanese Fleet near Samar Island in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. With a superb display of seamanship, Captain McKenna maneuvered his ship to avoid crippling blows from the constant gunfire of a rapidly advancing enemy, superior in numbers, armor, firepower and speed. Having survived this crucial ordeal, his ship shortly afterwards was hit and destroyed by the determined attack of an enemy airplane. Captain McKenna was the last man to leave his doomed ship, and his extraordinary courage and magnificent fighting spirit will live forever in the minds of the officers and men who served with him that day. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: March 19, 1898 at Leicester, Massachusetts
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia

McKINNEY, EUGENE B.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene B. McKinney, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SALMON (SS-182), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 November 1941 to 13 February 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Philippine Islands. On 22 December, while on the surface in the Lingayen Gulf, the SALMON encountered two Japanese destroyers and pressed home an attack which seemed to bewilder the reluctant enemy. She succeeded in damaging both targets by delivering a "down the throat" spread of torpedoes which caught them as they veered course in opposite directions. She then was able to avoid further contact by ducking into a rain squall. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander McKinney brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 31, 1903 at Eugene, Oregon
Home Town: Eugene, Oregon
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McKINNEY, EUGENE B.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Eugene B. McKinney, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SALMON (SS-182), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 3 May 1942 to 24 June 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander McKinney brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 31, 1903 at Eugene, Oregon
Home Town: Eugene, Oregon
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McKINNEY, EUGENE B.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Eugene B. McKinney, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SKATE (SS-305), on 6 to 12 October 1943, during the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander McKinney brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 31, 1903 at Eugene, Oregon
Home Town: Eugene, Oregon
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

McKINNEY, WILLIAM RUSSELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Russell McKinney, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. When the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar, Lieutenant Commander McKinney reorganized gun crews and rapidly replaced a number of batteries which drove off at least one close and dangerous attacking plane. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander McKinney throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Home Town: San Francisco, California

McKINNY, JOHN BLACKHALL
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Blackhall McKinny, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Ensign McKinny's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 8, 1922 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Garden City, Long Island, New York

McLARNEY, EDWARD P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward P. McLarney, Lieutenant Commander (MC), U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Medical Officer and Battalion Surgeon of the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, during a night action with enemy Japanese forces on 13 - 14 September 1942. Coolly disregarding fire from front and flank, and assisted by a greatly reduced number of Hospital Corpsmen, Lieutenant Commander McLarney rendered aid to approximately 200 casualties, working from midnight until morning under continual fire. When his aid station became untenable because of enemy attacks, he directed its transfer to the rear. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander McLarney saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943) & 317 (August 1943)
Born: June 10, 1909 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Cross City, Florida

McLAWHORN, EVEREN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Everen C. McLawhorn, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Gunner of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VP-101), Patrol Wing TEN (PatWing-10), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces located near Jolo, in the Philippine Islands, on the morning of 27 December 1941. During an air attack on enemy ships when Anti-Aircraft Fire broke up the formation of PBY-4 Catalinas and killed two waist gunners, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class McLawhorn manned both waist guns alternately, refusing to leave his post despite being wounded seven times. When enemy incendiaries ignited a number of ammunition cases in the plane and machine gun bullets in the cases began to explode, despite the pain of his wounds, Aviation Machinist Mate First Class McLawhorn calmly jettisoned the exploding cases, risking his life in doing so. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: April 10, 1921 at Lenoir County, North Carolina
Home Town: New Bern, North Carolina

McLEAN, EPHRAIM RANKIN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ephraim Rankin McLean, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CHEVALIER (DD-451), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 4 and 5 July 1943. Commander McLean placed his ship alongside a vessel which had been torpedoed, and directed hazardous rescue operations. Although his ship was subjected to intense fire from coastal batteries, he continued his rescue efforts until 75% of the personnel had been saved. Commander McLean's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: October 2, 1903 at Carrollton, Mississippi
Home Town: Cleveland, Mississippi

McMACKIN, ROLAND N.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roland N. McMackin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIXTEEN (VF-16), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Honshu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McMAHON, BERNARD F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard F. McMahon, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. DRUM (SS-228), during the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 24 March 1943 to 13 May 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Lieutenant Commander McMahon daringly maneuvered his submarine into position and sank a large amount of enemy shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment he brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: August 13, 1907 at Elizabeth, New Jersey
Home Town: New London, Connecticut

McMANES, KENMORE MATHEW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenmore Mathew McManes, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron TWENTY-FOUR, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Engaging a powerful detachment of the Japanese Fleet, consisting of battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Captain McManes conducted his attack into close quarters with the enemy and launched damaging blows. During withdrawal, he directed gunfire against the upper works of the enemy, silenced their secondary batteries, and brought his attack group out of the action unharmed. He completed his full share in the annihilation of the enemy that decisively stopped their interference with the occupation of this area. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Captain McManes' high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)
Born: May 22, 1900 at Galion, Ohio
Home Town: Marion, Ohio

McMILLAN, DONALD WALLACE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Wallace McMillan, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant McMillan contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 19, 1920 at Wamego, Kansas
Home Town: Wamego, Kansas

McMILLIAN, IRA ELLIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ira Ellis McMillian, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. NEWCOMB (DD-586), in action against the enemy on 6 April 1945, while deployed off the coast of Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

McMORRIS, CHARLES H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles H. McMorris, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. While his ship was in the van of battle during the entire action, Captain McMorris fought his ship valiantly, maneuvering with the expertness of an able seaman and striking at the enemy with determined and effective gun fire despite the difficulties of night combat. As captain of the Flagship, he rendered valuable service to the Task Force Commander and contributed materially to the success of our forces. Captain McMorris' inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: August 31, 1890 at Wetumpka, Alabama
Home Town: Wetumpka, Alabama

McMULLEN, BARTON E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Barton E. McMullen, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-NINE (VT-29), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

McMURTRY, PAUL JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul James McMurtry, Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Realizing that main turrets of his ship would not be firing, Boatswain's Mate First Class McMurtry left his battle station and under heavy enemy strafing, bombing and torpedo attacks, formed relief gun crews to replace many casualties on antiaircraft batteries. The conduct of Boatswain's Mate First Class McMurtry throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 24, 1919 at Waco, Texas
Home Town: Long Beach, California

McPHERSON, IRVING HERBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Irving Herbert McPherson, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign McPherson pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 15, 1914 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Glen Ellyn, Illinois

*McPHIE, DONALD ALMA (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Alma McPhie, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McPhie pressed home a determined dive bombing attack on a hostile aircraft carrier. With his plane badly damaged by a burst of hostile fire in the execution of his dive, he continued his same daring tactics and, accurately releasing his bomb load at perilously low altitude, scored a direct hit on the enemy aircraft carrier which contributed to her sinking. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, McPhie contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: February 17, 1922 at Hiawatha, Utah
Home Town: Provo, Utah

McRAE, HARRY R., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry R. McRae, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MEAD, HARRY R.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry R. Mead, Radioman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Radioman Second Class Mead voluntarily remained in the Utility Wing Base Radio Station, Naval Air Station, Pearl Harbor, and performed the duties necessary in connection with carrying out radio operations during an air attack, all other personnel of that radio station being required to take shelter in the Operations Building of the Naval Air Station. Furthermore, later in the day he volunteered and went as radioman in a plane on a search mission. The conduct of Radioman Second Class Mead throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 29, 1921 at Bucyrus, Ohio
Home Town: Newport, Rhode Island

*MEARS, HOWARD F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Howard F. Mears, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Bomber Airplane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SIX (VPB-106), in action on 1 June 1945, over Singapore. On that date Lieutenant Commander Mears was leading a two-plane section to obtain vitally important reconnaissance photos of the shipping in Singapore Harbor. Engaged by enemy fighters over the harbor, Lieutenant Commander Mears and his crew were shot down. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MEEKER, JACK
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Meeker, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Meeker's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 1, 1915 at Guthrie, Oklahoma
Home Town: Edmond, Oklahoma

MEHARG, JOHN R.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John R. Meharg, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in on 15 June 1944, while deployed over Bonin Island. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 8, 1919 at Troy, New York
Home Town: Troy, New York

MELHORN, CHARLES MASON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Mason Melhorn, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Air Group FIFTY (AG-50), embarked from the U.S.S. COWPENS (CVL-25), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MELLON, GLENN EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Glenn Edward Mellon, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mellon pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, making a direct hit on a Japanese aircraft carrier, materially contributing to its sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mellon contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: June 10, 1922 at El Dorado, Kansas
Home Town: Wichita, Kansas

MELVIN, DONALD JOSEPH
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Joseph Melvin, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron Torpedo Squadron FIFTY-ONE (VT-51), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant Commander Melvin's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: December 10, 1911 at East Orange, New Jersey
Home Town: Los Angeles, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MELVIN, DONALD JOSEPH
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Donald Joseph Melvin, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron FIFTY-ONE (VT-51), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands Area during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. A daring and skilled airman and aggressive in combat, Lieutenant Commander Melvin boldly led his squadron in two vigorous torpedo attacks, braving intense and accurate antiaircraft fire, to strike a the enemy and score several damaging hits against major Japanese ships. His forceful leadership, personal courage and gallant devotion to the completion of each hazardous mission were essential factors in the success achieved by his squadron. Lieutenant Commander Melvin's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: December 10, 1911 at East Orange, New Jersey
Home Town: Los Angeles, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MERRILL, AARON STANTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Aaron Stanton Merrill, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Force THIRTY-NINE (TF-39), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. Employing daring tactics with gunfire and torpedoes, Rear Admiral Merrill disposed his ships with such skill that the ensuing battle resulted in the destruction of five hostile warships, including one cruiser and four destroyers. During the retirement from this action, his forces repulsed an air attack by 67 Japanese planes, shooting down 17 of them. Rear Admiral Merrill's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 327 (June 1944)
Born: March 26, 1890 at Natchez, Mississippi
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

MERRILL, MILFORD AUSTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Milford Austin Merrill, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Ensign Merrill took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 16, 1920 at Billings, Montana
Home Town: Long Beach, California

MERRILL, SIDNEY D. B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Sidney D. B. Merrill, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HALSEY POWELL (DD-686), in action against the enemy on 20 and 21 March 1945, while deployed off the coast of Japan. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 22, 1914 at Providence, Rhode Island
Home Town: Edgewood, Rhode Island

MERRITT, JAMES FRANKLIN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Franklin Merritt, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron THIRTY-THREE (VP-33), in action on 26 September 1944, while deployed over Mindanao in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant Merritt led his Catalina in an attack against two enemy transports and their five armed escorts. The attack was conducted off the southwest coast of Mindanao, Philippines, in hazardous night conditions of bright moonlight and heavy concentrations of antiaircraft fire from the armed escort ships. During his mast head bombing attack his bombs failed to release. He returned, despite the heavy AA fire, and made a successful attack resulting in probable damage to one large transport and the destruction of the other transport. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 4, 1914 at Shreveport, Louisiana
Home Town: Alexandria, Louisiana

*MESSER, JOHN A., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John A. Messer, Jr., Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with a Marine Artillery Battalion of the Tenth Marines, SECOND Marine Division during action against enemy forces at Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 7 July 1944. When hostile forces overran the artillery battalion and inflicted heavy casualties, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Messer unhesitatingly volunteered to penetrate the Japanese lines to bring out the wounded. Although three of his four men were wounded as he led them across an open field under intense sniper and mortar fire, he courageously continued moving forward and evacuated eight men. Subsequently, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, he made two more trips into this hazardous area, recovering numerous other casualties, but was mortally wounded by enemy sniper fire before completing his third mission. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Messer undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: September 14, 1922 at Petcher, Oklahoma
Home Town: Petcher, Oklahoma

MESSMER, WILLIAM LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Leroy Messmer, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Minesweeper Group of thirteen vessels in action against enemy forces off Porto Empedocle, Sicily, 9 - 10 July 1943. Assigned the extremely hazardous mission of clearing a channel through an active hostile minefield, Commander Messmer directed the operations of his command with expert tactical ability and brilliant initiative, aggressively returning the continuous fire of enemy shore batteries without retarding the progress of his forces. When another ship of the formation was mined, he skillfully supervised difficult rescue activities and the subsequent towing of the severely damaged vessel into port. By his superior technical knowledge he was largely responsible for successfully opening an unloading harbor vital to the support of our assault troops. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: March 4, 1903 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

MESTER, CECIL RALPH
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cecil Ralph Mester, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), attached to the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces west of the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Mester contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 20, 1919 at Springfield, Illinois
Home Town: Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MESTER, CECIL RALPH
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Cecil Ralph Mester, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 20, 1919 at Springfield, Illinois
Home Town: Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MESTER, CHARLES H., JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles H. Mester, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in Air Group NINETY-FOUR (AG-94), in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Yokosuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MESTER, CHARLES H., JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Charles H. Mester, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Air Group NINETY-FOUR (AG-94), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

METCALF, RALPH MARION
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Marion Metcalf, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POGY (SS-266), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 5 February 1944 to 8 March 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Metcalf brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 22, 1913 at Greenfield, Illinois
Home Town: Carrelton, Illinois
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

METCALF, RALPH MARION
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Ralph Marion Metcalf, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POGY (SS-266), on the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 7 April 1944 to 20 May 1944, in enemy controlled waters off the coast of Japan. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Metcalf brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 22, 1913 at Greenfield, Illinois
Home Town: Carrelton, Illinois
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

METSKER, GERALD JARED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gerald Jared Metsker, Coxswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. PORTLAND (CA-33), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. When an enemy torpedo struck and started the slow flooding of his battle station, Coxswain Metsker promptly took measures to prevent further explosions and the spread of anticipated flooding to adjacent spaces. When ordered from his post, Coxswain Metsker skillfully assisted in the task of damage control, descending into the pit of the exposed area in order to cover a light which might have betrayed the position of the damaged ship to the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: February 7, 1921 at Wapato, Washington
Home Town: Vancouver, Washington

METTS, ROBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Metts, Electrician's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Messenger at the Forward Distribution Room aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action following the attack on that carrier during the Battle of the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. Remaining at his post after an explosion had either killed or wounded nearly all of the men on his station, Electrician's Mate Second Class Metts donned a gas mask and attempted to report the casualties to the bridge by phone. With total disregard for personal safety, he continued his efforts to establish communication until he collapsed at his post and was subsequently rescued in a state of unconsciousness. His extreme courage and persistent devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest tradition of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (Oct 1942)
Born: June 24, 1919 at Willacoochee, Georgia
Home Town: Willacoochee, Georgia

METZGER, GEORGE E.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George E. Metzger, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the FIFTH Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guam in the Marianas Islands, on 21 July 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Metzger undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

METZGER, GEORGE E.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to George E. Metzger, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Marines, in action against enemy Japanese forces. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Metzger undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MICHAEL, STANLEY JOHN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley John Michael, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action against the enemy from 24 to 26 October 1944, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 30, 1897 at Cincinnati, Ohio
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MICHAEL, STANLEY JOHN
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Stanley John Michael, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action against the enemy on 25 November 1944, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 30, 1897 at Cincinnati, Ohio
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MICHAEL, VERNON LARSEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vernon Larsen Michael, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron SIX (VS-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Participating in a devastating assault against a Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Michael, with fortitude and resolute devotion to duty, pressed home his attacks in the face of a formidable barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition. His gallant perseverance and utter disregard for his own personal safety were important contributing factors to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 20, 1917 at Davenport, Iowa
Home Town: Davenport, Iowa

MICHAELIS, FREDERICK HAYES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Hayes Michaelis, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWELVE (VF-12), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 17 April 1945, while deployed over Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MICHEL, EDWARD A., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward A. Michel, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. RICH (DE-695), during rescue operations near the Saint-Marcouf Islands in the Atlantic on 8 June 1944. Lieutenant Commander Michel, when directed to assist the U.S.S. GLENN on which was known to have struck an enemy mine, proceeded in his vessel with utmost dispatch with disregard of danger from enemy gunfire and possible mines, and stood by close aboard the stricken ship to render assistance. While attempting to assist that ship his own vessel struck and was destroyed by the explosion of two enemy mines. Lieutenant Commander Michel, despite severe injuries, including a broken leg, steadfastly refused to leave his ship and directed and assisted in the removal of all possible survivors until his ship sank beneath him. By his action and example, all able-bodied survivors on board were inspired to remain with the ship and assist in the rescue of the greatest possible number of men. Lieutenant Commander Michel's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 11, 1912 at Meadville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Jamestown, New York

*MICKA, EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Micka, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), attached to the U.S.S. RANGER (CV-4), during the occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. Leading a section of four planes in vigorous raids against hostile airdromes at Rabat-Sale and Port Lyautey, Lieutenant Micka, grimly pressing home his attacks in the face of relentless fire, contributed materially to the destruction of seventeen enemy planes on the ground and the silencing of three machine gun emplacements. Later, he participated in a series of hazardous, low-altitude strafing runs on the airdrome at Mediouna, persistently striking at his target through bursting shells of anti-aircraft fire until, on his fifth run, he was finally shot down. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Micka's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: October 10, 1915 at Cayuga, North Dakota
Home Town: Great Neck, New York

*MIDDLETON, JOHN, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Middleton, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Middleton contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILDAHN, ELWOOD C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elwood C. Mildahn, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWO (VPB-102), in action against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island on 9 May 1945. Flying through extremely hazardous weather to participate in a strike against this enemy stronghold, Lieutenant Mildahn braved intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from enemy gun emplacements and rifle fire to press home his attack and successfully strike his target, resulting in large fires. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILES, BILL A.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bill A. Miles, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MILES, BILL A.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Bill A. Miles, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*MILES, ROBERT BRUCE (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Bruce Miles (03683364), Aviation Pilot First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Aviation Pilot First Class Miles resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: August 20, 1912 at Silver Bow, Montana
Home Town: Silver Bow, Montana

*MILLER, CLAIR LEMAINE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Clair Lemaine Miller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Air Officer on board Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), while deployed over Formosa. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILLER, CLARK WILLIAM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clark William Miller, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-FIVE (VC-75), embarked from the U.S.S. OMMANEY BAY (CVE-79), Bay, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle off Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 15, 1919 at Lebanon, Indiana
Home Town: Lebanon, Indiana

MILLER, DORIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Doris Miller, Mess Attendant First Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. WEST VIRGINIA (BB-48), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. While at the side of his Captain on the bridge of the battleship U.S.S. WEST VIRGINIA, Mess Attendant First Class Doris Miller, despite enemy strafing and bombing and in the face of a serious fire, assisted in moving his Captain, who had been mortally wounded, to a place of greater safety, and later manned and operated a machine gun directed at enemy Japanese attacking aircraft until ordered to leave the bridge. The conduct of Mess Attendant First Class Miller throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 12, 1919 at Waco, Texas
Home Town: Waco, Texas

MILLER, EDWIN S.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edwin S. Miller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. LOWERY (DD-770), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa from April 30 to 22 June 1945. Maintaining his crew at a high level of morale and combat efficiency despite the constant strain of impending and actual hostile air attack during this period, Commander Miller ably directed the gunfire of his ship during numerous attacks by low-flying enemy suicide planes and succeeded in destroying four hostile planes and in assisting in the destruction of five others, sustaining only minor damage and casualties to his ship and crew. During a particularly heavy attack on 28 May he observed that a friendly vessel had been struck and severely damaged by two enemy aircraft and, displaying exceptional seamanship and initiative, coordinated and supervised the rescue of several survivors of the stricken ship. By his aggressive performance of duty, he assisted the Combat Air Patrol controlled by his vessel in destroying over thirty Japanese planes and contributed materially to the successful completion of the hazardous Okinawa operation. Commander Miller's excellent leadership and gallant fighting spirit upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILLER, GEORGE HAROLD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Harold Miller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. HOUSTON (CA-30), in operations against the enemy off Formosa when the HOUSTON fought off enemy aircraft torpedo attacks on the nights of 12, 13 and 14 October 1944, shooting down seven enemy aircraft, and on the 14th when a torpedo hit which resulted in the flooding of both engine rooms, both fire rooms, and several other compartments. As the ship's damage control officer he made several hazardous inspections of damaged compartments on the lower decks, at a time when the ship was without light and power, listed 16 degrees, rolling the main deck under, and in a condition which indicated it would not remain afloat. In the face of these grave possibilities he quickly and successfully instituted measures to retain what stability and buoyancy were left. When, on 16 October, with the ship in tow, another aerial torpedo attack was received, another enemy aircraft destroyed, and another torpedo hit sustained, he quickly and courageously led the damage control parties in the localizing of the additional damage and the fighting of a dangerous gasoline fire, succeeding at length in both. His complete knowledge of his duties, his courage, his strong leadership and tireless efforts were primary factors in keeping the ship afloat and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 30, 1911 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Hammond, Indiana

*MILLER, GILBERT ELLIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Gilbert Ellis Miller, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving on the Crew of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-FOUR (VPB-124), deployed over Korea from 20 June 1945 to 15 July 1945. Lieutenant Miller's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILLER, HARRY FANKER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Fanker Miller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. JENKINS (DD-447), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 5 and 6 July 1943. Commanding his warship during landing operations on New Georgia island and participating in an engagement with numerically superior hostile naval forces, Commander Miller directed accurate gun and torpedo fire which destroyed or severely damaged a large hostile vessel. Commander Miller's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: January 5, 1903 at Swissvale, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Swissvale, Pennsylvania

MILLER, HUGH BARR, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hugh Barr Miller, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. STRONG (DD-467), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Kula Gulf on 4 - 5 July 1943. Thrown into the water following the sinking of his vessel, Lieutenant Miller extricated two comrades who were entangled in a line on the ship's side and held them above water until he could place them in a net. He took charge of a group of survivors who finally reached a small island. Unwilling to allow his weakened condition to retard their progress, he ordered them ahead and remained behind to wage a lone battle against enemy units. Menaced constantly by hostile scouting companies, he maintained himself for 39 days until rescued by a friendly airplane. The conduct of Lieutenant Miller throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 323 (February 1944)
Born: January 19, 1910 at Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Home Town: Gainesville, Florida

MILLER, JAMES B.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James B. Miller, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting-Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VFB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure Harbor, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILLER, JIM DICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jim Dick Miller, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. ARIZONA (BB-39), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Upon Turret III of the U.S.S. ARIZONA becoming untenable due to gas from a bomb hit on the quarterdeck penetrating several decks and starting a fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Miller ordered his turret crew out to fight fires. Almost immediately, a tremendous explosion forward made the ship appear to rise out of the water, shudder and settle rapidly down by the bow. The whole forward part of the ship was enveloped in flames spreading rapidly; wounded and burned men poured onto the quarterdeck. Despite these conditions plus severe enemy bombing and strafing, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Miller assisted in directing firefighting to check them while wounded and burned could be taken from the ship. He supervised their rescue in such an amazingly clam, cool manner and with such excellent judgment, it inspired everyone who saw him and undoubtedly resulted in saving many lives. After the abandon ship order he remained on the quarterdeck assisting in directing abandon ship and rescue of personnel, until satisfied that all personnel who could be, had been saved, after which he left his ship with the last boatload. Furthermore, after leaving his ship, on his own initiative he engineered a motor launch that proceeded to the quays and picked up personnel seeking protection from the severe fires, and rescued many men from the water. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Miller throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 2, 1917 at Van Buren, Arkansas
Home Town: Borger, Texas

MILLER, JOHNNIE GAMBLE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Johnnie Gamble Miller, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THIRTY (VF-30), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action on 6 April 1945, while deployed over Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILLER, JUSTIN ALBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Justin Albert Miller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VPB-101), in action against enemy Japanese during an armed reconnaissance mission over Puerto Princessa and the surrounding areas in the Philippine Islands on 19 October 1944. Commander Miller initiated a series of devastating runs in daring defiance of the deadly antiaircraft fire. He executed repeated fierce attacks at perilously low level which caused the sinking of two cargo vessels with a third probably sunk, the destruction of 10 hostile planes on an enemy airstrip, and the damaging of 15 others. He subsequently attacked and destroyed three Japanese seaplanes and probably wrecked three others before sustaining severe damage to his plane which forced him to effect a dangerous crash landing at sea. Commander Miller's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

MILLER, KENNETH ROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Roy Miller, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Section Leader in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Leading his section in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant Miller scored a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier which contributed to its sinking. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant Miller contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: May 25, 1920 at Hutchinson, Kansas
Home Town: Hutchinson, Kansas

MILLER, NORMAN MICKEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman Mickey Miller, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PB4Y Patrol Plane Commanding Officer of Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED NINE (VPB-109), in action on 16 May 1944, at Truk Lagoon. During a long-range reconnaissance flight to Truk, Commander Miller spotted a 5,000-ton freighter anchored in the lagoon. He made a beam attack, releasing three bombs at masthead height, heavily damaging the vessel. He then spotted a 10,000-ton ship that immediately exploded after his bomb run, destroying a large portion of the vessel. He then proceeded on to Puluwat, arriving over the Japanese airfield at minimum altitude, surprised and strafed a formation of 30 enemy soldiers. In this attack he destroyed one truck, an aircraft revetment and dropped two bombs on a radio station. In his last bomb run on the radio station the Liberator was hit four times by AA fire, one exploding directly above the cockpit, wounding both Commander Miller and his second pilot. Despite his wounds and damage to the aircraft, Commander Miller flew the Liberator 800 miles back to base for a safe landing. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 1, 1908 at Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Home Town: Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), 6@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, 6@ Air Medals, Purple Heart

MILLER, VICTOR LAVERNE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Victor LaVerne Miller (290504), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Participating in a vigorous strike against a large enemy task force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Miller boldly fought his plane through intense and continuous hostile antiaircraft fire and aerial opposition and skillfully maneuvered his craft to score a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier, contributing materially to its sinking. By his brilliant airmanship, daring initiative and gallant fighting spirit, maintained against tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Miller was instrumental in the infliction of overwhelming damage upon the Japanese Fleet during this historic battle. His outstanding courage and inspiring leadership reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 24, 1919 at Ness County, Kansas
Home Town: Oak Park, Illinois
Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Air Medals

MILLER, WILLIAM MORTON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Morton Miller, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SIXTEEN (VPB-116), in action on 12 October 1944, at Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands. Lieutenant Miller and his crew, in company with another aircraft flown by Lieutenant William B. Oliver, searched the waters off Iwo Jima for survivors of a squadron plane believed lost in that area. When enemy fighters rose to intercept the pair they continued their sweep and withdrew in company together. In the ensuing air-to-air combat the two bombers downed six of the eight attacking fighters. Lieutenant Miller's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 19, 1917 at Cape Girardeau, Missouri
Home Town: Cape Girardeau, Missouri

MILLICAN, WILLIAM J.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William J. Millican, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. THRESHER (SS-200), on the FOURTH, FIFTH, and SIXTH War Patrols of that submarine during the period 26 June 1942 to 10 January 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Millican brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 24, 1904 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Valley Stream, Long Island, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MILLICAN, WILLIAM J.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William J. Millican, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. THRESHER (SS-200), during operations in the Sunda Strait in the SIXTH War Patrol of that vessel during the period 5 January to 10 March 1943. As commanding officer of a submarine in dangerous enemy waters, Lieutenant Commander Millican took advantage of every opportunity to strike at the enemy and sank an important amount of Japanese shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment he brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: April 24, 1904 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Valley Stream, Long Island, New York
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MILLIS, CARL JUNIOR
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carl Junior Millis, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILLS, LANSON DAVIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lanson Davis Mills, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Cape Gloucester in the Bismarck Archipelago, during the period 26 December 1943 to 3 January 1944. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Mills unhesitatingly exposed himself to intense enemy rifle and machine-gun fire in order to render fist aid to those in his and adjacent units. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Mills undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 18, 1907 at Ignacio, Colorado
Home Town: Monterey Park, California

MILLS, RICHARD HAROLD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Harold Mills, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant Mills succeeded in scoring a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of ZUIKAKU class, contributing to its rapid sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant Mills contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MILNER, ROBERT M.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert M. Milner, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in action on 3 October 1942, while deployed over Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 7, 1911 at Annapolis, Maryland
Home Town: Coronado, California

MINARIK, HERRY J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herry J. Minarik, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MINI, JAMES HAILE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Haile Mini, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Commander Mini led his squadron in a bombing attack on the Japanese battleship Nagato. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. Commander Mini's intrepid leadership, outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 6, 1913 at Manila, Philippine Islands
Home Town: Vallejo, California

MINI, ROBERT L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Mini, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MITCHEL, ORMSBY M., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ormsby M. Mitchel, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the River Gunboat U.S.S. PLYMOUTH (PG-57), during and after the sinking of that vessel through enemy action near Cape Henry, along the United States' Atlantic coast, on 5 August 1943. Lieutenant Mitchel was on the bridge at the time of the submarine attack. He had just completed evaluation of sound contact as a possible submarine, had given the "stations" order, had increased speed to 13 knots, and had started turning the ship on the attack course when a torpedo, unseen by the lookouts, crashed into the port side, amidships, and exploded. Flames immediately broke out from the engine room level to the bridge, trapping and killing many in the forward part of the ship. Lieutenant Mitchel, thrown violently against a bulkhead by the explosion sustained serious injuries including dislocation of the left knee. Nevertheless, he remained at his post during the three remaining minutes before the ship sank. When driven from the bridge by the enveloping flames, Lieutenant Mitchel was forced to jump from the bridge to the well-deck because ladders had been carried away by the initial explosion. In spite of this painful leap Lieutenant Mitchel insisted on being supported so that he could continue to give orders for abandoning ship. Several life rafts were cut away, all depth charges were set on "safe," and numerous officers and men who had been on the upper decks went over the side. Lieutenant Mitchel remained aboard his ship until it sank. He went down with his ship; then was able to reach the surface. When a raft was brought alongside Lieutenant Mitchel in the water, he pointed to other men in greater need of assistance, and refused to be taken aboard the raft until those about him had been rescued. Once aboard USCGC Calypso, Lieutenant Mitchel immediately insisted that he be supported on deck until he was assured that all rescue operations were completed or nearing completion. Subsequently he was treated for multiple burns on both hands, extending over his forearm, first and second degree burns of the face, the right leg and foot, the left leg and ankle. The conduct of Lieutenant Mitchel throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: September 13, 1897 at Montclair, New Jersey
Home Town: Stamford, Connecticut

*MITCHELL, GEORGE R. (POW)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George R. Mitchell (0-097750), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Minesweeper U.S.S. PIGEON (AM-47), in action against the enemy from 7 December 1941 to 7 January 1942, in the Philippine Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: August 23, 1915 at Booneville, Mississippi
Home Town: Booneville, Mississippi

*MITCHELL, HENRY E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Henry E. Mitchell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked of the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 21 March 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 18, 1921 at Chattanooga, Tennessee
Home Town: Birmingham, Alabama

MITCHELL, SHELBY WILSON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Shelby Wilson Mitchell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MITCHELL, WILLIAM FRENCH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William French Mitchell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Submarine Chaser U.S.S. SC-676 during the amphibious invasion of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Despite terrific enemy crossfire, Lieutenant Mitchell skillfully maneuvered his ship to a point within five hundred yards of the hostile shore line in order to conduct various assault waves to their designated beaches and, by effective gunfire, provided excellent support throughout the landing operations. Lieutenant Mitchell's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: April 30, 1918 at Melrose, Massachusetts
Home Town: Melrose, Massachusetts

MITSCHER, MARC ANDREW
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Marc Andrew Mitscher, Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Force THIRTY-EIGHT (TF-38), in the planning and execution of a series of successful operations against major task forces of the Japanese fleet in the Sulu Sea during the period 22 through 30 October 1944. Vice Admiral Mitscher's coolness and decision while in command of his task force, under the difficult and uncertain conditions of combat, were outstanding. At all times Vice Admiral Mitscher displayed an inspiring ability to appreciate and seize opportunities to inflict damage upon enemy combatant forces. Vice Admiral Mitscher's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Born: January 26, 1887 at Hillsboro, Wisconsin
Home Town: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Awards: Navy Cross (NC-Flights), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MITSCHER, MARC ANDREW
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Marc Andrew Mitscher, Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force FIFTY-EIGHT, during operations in the Pacific War Zone from 27 January 1945 to 27 May 1945. Vice Admiral Mitscher led his task force in a series of relentless attacks against the enemy in support of our amphibious operations at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Four times he led his force deep into enemy waters close to the shores of Japan. Twice he struck airfields and installations in the Tokyo area; twice he struck airfields in the Kyushu area, on one occasion also heavily attacking enemy combatant vessels in the Inland Sea. On another occasion when an enemy task force consisting of the battleship Yamato, a light cruiser and nine destroyers sortied from the Inland Sea and threatened our forces, he immediately turned north to intercept the enemy, and on 7 April, in a brilliant attack with carrier aircraft southwest of Kyushu, sank the Yamato, the light cruiser and four destroyers. When not engaged in these attacks in the vicinity of the Japanese homeland, his force operated continuously in direct support of our forces at amphibious objectives. Throughout a long and exhausting campaign, under almost daily attack by enemy aircraft, he maintained an indomitable spirit of the offensive, never missing an opportunity to meet with his entire available combat strength any threat to our amphibious operations. Forces under his command inflicted great damage on the enemy and maintained control of the sea and air from the Marianas to the shores of Japan. His heroic personal example was an inspiration to the officers and men of his command and combined with his skillful and aggressive leadership assured the success of the operations.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: January 26, 1887 at Hillsboro, Wisconsin
Home Town: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Awards: Navy Cross (NC-Flights), 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MOAN, FLOYD E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Floyd E. Moan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Moan's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: April 7, 1915 at Toledo, Ohio
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio

MOEHRING, BRUCE HUNTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bruce Hunter Moehring, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Ensign Moehring pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MOLLARD, NORMAN WESLEY, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman Wesley Mollard, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-FIVE (VF-45), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), in action on 16 April 1945, while deployed over Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 3, 1923 at Palestine, Texas
Home Town: Dobbin, Texas

*MOLLENHAUER, ARTHUR PAUL (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Arthur Paul Mollenhauer, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTEEN (VF-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during a raid by carrier-based planes on northern Formosa on 12 October 1944. Ensign Mollenhauer flew his fighter-bomber through intensive antiaircraft fire to carry out an effective bombing attack on a large and important enemy aircraft hangar. During this attack, he boldly engaged a superior force of Japanese airplanes and, despite the great odds against him, shot down five enemy craft. He not only contributed to the complete rout of the enemy formation, but, in two instances, saved the lives of his teammates. Ensign Mollenhauer's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)
Born: August 7, 1924 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Redwood City, California

MOMSEN, CHARLES B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles B. Momsen, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as Commander of a Coordinated Attack Group of Submarines operating in the enemy Japanese-controlled waters of the East China Sea from February 1943 through June 1944. A master of submarine warfare, Captain Momsen evolved a doctrine of attack whereby submarines could be organized into an attack group capable of operating deep in enemy-controlled waters while maintaining full striking power. The submarines under his command sank five Japanese ships totaling over 38,000 tons and damaged eight ships totaling 63,000 tons. Much of the credit for the submarines' aggressiveness and successful attacks, in spite of severe enemy counter-measures, was largely due to his efficient administration and inspiring leadership in coordinating these submarines into an efficient attack force. Commander Momsen's conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Born: June 21, 1896 at Flushing, Long Island, New York
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

Monaghan, JAMES F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James F. Monaghan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MONCY, PETER M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Peter M. Moncy, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Fleet Oiler U.S.S. LARAMIE (AO-16), in handling his ship and crew when that vessel was attacked and damaged on 28 August 1942 during operations in the Atlantic Ocean. Commander Moncy ordered all hands to battle stations the instant he observed the attack was imminent, thereby preventing numerous casualties. He also maneuvered clear of the formation, at the same time capably directing damage control organization in correcting list and trim. By his thoroughness of preparation, skill and leadership, he was able to abandon the area of the attack and bring his ship safely into port. Commander Moncy's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: June 2, 1898 at Brockton, Massachusetts
Home Town: Brockton, Massachusetts

MONTGOMERY, ALFRED E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alfred E. Montgomery, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Tactical Command of a U.S. Navy Carrier Task Group, in action against enemy Japanese forces near Saipan on 21 February 1944. Rear Admiral Montgomery maneuvered his group in an excellent manner when attacked by enemy torpedo and bombing planes. Eight Japanese planes were destroyed at night by screen ships' gunfire and nine more were destroyed by ship's gunfire and combat air patrol the following morning. In the face of these determined attached Rear Admiral Montgomery launched aircraft from his carriers and they delivered repeated attacks on shipping, aircraft and shore installations on and in the vicinity of Saipan. This action and retirement were completed without damage to the ships of his task group. Rear Admiral Montgomery's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 331 (October 1944)
Born: June 12, 1891 at Omaha, Nebraska
Home Town: Piedmont, California

MONTGOMERY, MARK VALENTINE, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Mark Valentine Montgomery, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane, in action on 3 May 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MOORE, AUGUSTUS L., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Augustus L. Moore, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MOORE, BEN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ben Moore, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron EIGHT (VS-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 6 June 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety and in the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Moore participated in determined and effective bombing and strafing attacks on fleeing enemy Japanese forces, obtaining a successful hit on one of the enemy ships. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: December 28, 1909 at Sherman, Texas
Home Town: Sherman, Texas

*MOORE, EDWARD CHARLES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Charles Moore (39211336), Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as Gunner on board Infantry Landing Craft U.S.S. LCI(L), ONE (LCI(L)-1), while participating in the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Although the ship broached under pounding by the heavy surf while effecting an extremely hazardous landing on Caffi Beach, Gunner's Mate Third Class Moore operated his gun with such skill and accuracy despite perilous exposure to a deadly rainstorm of bullets that he succeeded in silencing at least one and possibly two enemy machine-gun nests. Firing tenaciously in the hostile positions until his ammunition was exhausted, he contributed immeasurably to the safe disembarkation of troops from his and other beached landing craft. Gunner's Mate Third Class Moore's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 328 (July 1944)
Born: December 7, 1920 at Spokane, Washington
Home Town: Spokane, Washington

*MOORE, FRED KENNETH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Fred Kenneth Moore, Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. ARIZONA (BB-39), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Despite orders from his gun captain to take cover, Seaman First Class Fred Kenneth Moore remained at his undermanned station with two other members of his antiaircraft gun crew under heavy enemy strafing. He assisted in keeping the gun in operation until he was killed at his station by an explosion. The conduct of Seaman First Class Moore throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: December 11, 1921 at Campbell, Texas
Home Town: Greenville, Texas

*MOORE, JOHN A.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John A. Moore, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAYBACK (SS-208), on the EGHTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 26 September 1943 to 10 November 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. During this aggressive patrol, Commander Moore made five separate well- planned and brilliantly executed torpedo attacks on escorted enemy ships which resulted in the sinking of an auxiliary cruiser and two freighters. Through his experience and sound judgment he brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 329 (August 1944)
Born: January 12, 1910 at Brownwood, Texas
Home Town: Memphis, Tennessee
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*MOORE, JOHN A.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John A. Moore, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAYBACK (SS-208), on the NINTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 2 December 1943 to 2 January 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. On the night of 18 - 19 December 1943, Commander Moore contacted a heavily escorted convoy of Japanese freighters. Maneuvering on the surface, he fired into the convoy, sinking one freighter, damaging two others and sinking a gunboat. On the same patrol he contacted another escorted convoy at night and sank three enemy freighters. He followed up with another attack and sank a converted minelayer, then destroyed an armed trawler while departing from the area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Moore brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 330 (September 1944)
Born: January 12, 1910 at Brownwood, Texas
Home Town: Memphis, Tennessee
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

*MOORE, JOHN A. (MIA)
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John A. Moore, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAYBACK (SS-208), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 26 January 1944 to 26 February 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. While conducting the patrol of his ship in Japanese-infested waters, Commander Moore skillfully penetrated strong escort screens to deliver smashing torpedo attacks against hostile shipping. By his daring, aggressive tactics he succeeded in sinking and damaging an important amount of hostile tonnage. The conduct of Commander Moore throughout this patrol reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Born: January 12, 1910 at Brownwood, Texas
Home Town: Memphis, Tennessee
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart

MOORE, JOHN RAYMOND
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Raymond Moore, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-44 (SS-155), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 12 May 1942 to 10 August 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the Solomon Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Moore brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 11, 1905 at Bradford, Tennessee
Home Town: Sharon, Tennessee

MOORE, KENNETH EMERSON
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Emerson Moore, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*MOORE, RAYMOND AUSTIN (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond Austin Moore (0-078636), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Lieutenant Moore resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: April 27, 1913 at Weldon, North Carolina
Home Town: Weldon, North Carolina

MOORE, RAYMOND ELMO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Elmo Moore, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant Moore defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Moore and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: November 3, 1918 at Atlanta, Georgia
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia

MOORE, ROBERT D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert D. Moore, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*MOORE, ULVERT MATTHEW (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ulvert Matthew Moore (0-098642), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Moore resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attack against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: August 26, 1917 at Williamson, West Virginia
Home Town: Bluefield, West Virginia

MOORE, WILLIAM LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Lee Moore, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Moore succeeded in scoring one of eight direct hits upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of CHITOSE class, in a strike so effectively disposed that the resulting successive hits upon this ship caused it's almost immediate sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Moore contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MOOSBRUGGER, FREDERICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Moosbrugger, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division TWELVE (DesDiv 12), during a surface engagement with enemy Japanese forces at Vella Gulf, Solomon Islands, on the night of 6 - 7 August 1943. Conducting a perfectly coordinated attack on Japanese forces, Commander Moosbrugger skillfully disposed the units of his destroyer division for maximum fire power and efficiency, which resulted in the annihilation of the entire hostile force of one cruiser and three destroyers. He brought his ships through the engagement without loss or damage. Commander Moosbrugger's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 9, 1900 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Jenkintown, Pennsylvania

MOOTY, ALFRED FRAISER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alfred Fraiser Mooty, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Mooty contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 13, 1917 at Columbia, Alabama
Home Town: Columbus, Ohio

MORAN, EDWARD J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward J. Moran, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BOISE (CL-47), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Steadily maintaining his position in the battle line, Captain Moran kept up a constant and effective fire against the enemy and due to his expert maneuvering, two enemy torpedoes missed their target by a narrow margin. Later when forced to haul out of line after being badly hit and ablaze from enemy fire, the BOISE's after turrets continued firing throughout withdrawal from the battle. Captain Moran's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: August 15, 1893 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: San Francisco, California

MORAN, MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Martin Moran, Metalsmith First class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. When the steering engine room was wrecked, Metalsmith First Class Moran, despite being surrounded by electrical fires, worked to free the jammed rudder and to lock it amidships.
Born: June 30, 1916 at New Rochelle, New York
Home Town: Manchester, New Hampshire

MOREHOUSE, ALBERT KELLOGG
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Kellogg Morehouse, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. NATOMA BAY (CVE-62), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: April 29, 1900 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Coronado, California

MORGAN, CORWIN FRANKLIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Corwin Franklin Morgan, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Campaign on 24 August 1942. In company with another plane, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Morgan, defying terrific fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries and Japanese Zeros, launched a vigorous and determined attack which scored a direct hit on an enemy cruiser. By his relentless fighting spirit and aggressive courage he contributed materially to the defeat of a Japanese task force. His persistent devotion to duty, maintained at great risk in the face of grave peril, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 30, 1917 at Richmond, Missouri
Home Town: Gainesville, Florida

MORGAN, LINDSEY E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lindsey E. Morgan, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Maintenance Officer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), which was striking the Japanese home islands in the vicinity of Kobe, Japan, on 19 March 1945. On that date the FRANKLIN was struck by enemy bombs which caused tremendous fires and explosions among a large number of fully armed and fueled planes both on the flight deck and in the hangar. The conduct of Lieutenant Morgan throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MORGAN, ROBERT JAMES
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert James Morgan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces on 7 and 8 May 1942, in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. With accurate understanding of his objective and bold perseverance in attaining it, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Morgan destroyed one Japanese fighter plane and courageously attacked several others. His high devotion to duty in the performance of a dangerous and difficult task contributed measurably to the defense of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: June 27, 1913 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Fresno, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MORGAN, ROBERT JAMES
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert James Morgan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 27, 1913 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Fresno, California
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

*MORRILL, JOHN H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John H. Morrill, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Minesweeper U.S.S. QUAIL (AM-15), in combat against enemy Japanese forces during the bombardment of Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands, on 10 December 1941. Despite the fires and frequent explosion of air flasks and war heads, Lieutenant Commander Morrill while in command of a small auxiliary craft, displayed extraordinary courage and determination in proceeding into the danger zone and towing disabled surface craft alongside docks to a safe zone. This prompt and daring action undoubtedly saved the crews from serious danger and saved the vessels aided for further war service. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Morrill throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: January 7, 1903 at Miller, South Dakota
Home Town: Waverly, Virginia

MORRIS, DONALD WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald William Morris, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Boldly flying through intense antiaircraft fire to press home a low-level attack against a Battleship Task Force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Morris succeeded in scoring a direct hit on a hostile vessel and, although his plane was damaged by enemy fire, made a safe return to base. By his outstanding airmanship, courage and devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Morris contributed to the infliction of costly damage upon the enemy and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Home Town: Hoquaim, Washington

MORRIS, GEORGE KENNETH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Kenneth Morris, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Patrol Plane Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane of Patrol Squadron NINETY-TWO (VP-92), during an attack against an enemy submarine off the West Coast of Africa on 6 July 1943. Sighting a surfaced hostile submarine fifteen miles ahead of a convoy while flying protective cover, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Morris promptly maneuvered to favorable attack position and, diving to perilously low altitude in bold defiance of the enemy's withering antiaircraft fire, relentlessly pressed home an effective bombing and strafing attack. With his craft seriously damaged by the fierce barrage and all but one of his crew wounded, he steadfastly remained in the area and, although suffering intense pain from his own wounds, protected the convoy from further attack until relief arrived more than two hours later, then skillfully flew his crippled plane back to base. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Morris' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: September 8, 1918 at Buffalo, New York
Home Town: Buffalo, New York

MORRIS, ROBERT A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert A. Morris, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Landing Craft Flotilla which spearheaded the assault on the beaches of Normandy, France on 6 June 1944. Lieutenant Morris fearlessly led his wave into the beach under intense fire from enemy guns of all calibers through un-cleared obstacles. Although the craft in which he was stationed was hit repeatedly by 88-mm. shells and machine-gun fire and several of the personnel on board were killed, he pressed his attack relentlessly. The conduct of Lieutenant Morris throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 333 (December 1944)
Born: October 11, 1918 at Muncie, Indiana
Home Town: Farmland, Indiana

*MORTON, DUDLEY WALKER (MIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Dudley Walker Morton (0-063274), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. WAHOO (SS-238), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 16 January 1943 to 7 February 1943, in enemy controlled waters of Pacific War Area during action against enemy Japanese forces which resulted in the sinking of 31,890 tons of enemy shipping. Ingeniously devising an improvised chart of a little known hostile territory, Lieutenant Commander Morton, displaying fearless initiative, utilized the chart as his guide and entered hazardous waters where he attacked and sank an enemy destroyer. Later, he engaged an unescorted Japanese convoy in a fourteen-hour running battle and, tirelessly pursuing his objective in the face of heavy gunfire, successfully accomplished the destruction of four important vessels. His inspiring leadership, keen judgment, and daring aggressiveness were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
PacFlt-Bd Awds, Serial 32 (June 21, 1943)
Born: July 17, 1907 at Owensburg, Kentucky
Home Town: Tuckahoe, New York
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Purple Heart

*MORTON, DUDLEY WALKER (MIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Dudley Walker Morton (0-063274), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. WAHOO (SS-238), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 February 1943 to 6 April 1943, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the East China Sea. During vital operations in an extremely hazardous area, Commander Morton directed the effective torpedo and gunfire of his ship with outstanding professional skill and excellent judgment accounting for eight enemy vessels, a trawler and two sampans, a total of 36,693 tons, as well as damaging a 5,973-ton freighter. The brilliant leadership and valiant devotion to duty displayed by Commander Morton throughout the entire period of action reflect great credit upon his command and the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac, Serial 0938 (April 22, 1943)
Born: July 17, 1907 at Owensburg, Kentucky
Home Town: Tuckahoe, New York
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Purple Heart

*MORTON, DUDLEY WALKER (MIA)
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dudley Walker Morton (0-063274), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. WAHOO (SS-238), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 25 April 1943 to 21 May 1943, during action against enemy Japanese forces in the hostile waters of the Sea of Japan. With outstanding skill and courage, Commander Morton delivered aggressive torpedo attacks against hostile vessels and succeeded in damaging or sinking a large amount of enemy shipping. His daring leadership and indomitable fighting spirit and the gallant devotion to duty of his command were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
CinC Pac Serial 01623 (July 11, 1943)
Born: July 17, 1907 at Owensburg, Kentucky
Home Town: Tuckahoe, New York
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Purple Heart

*MORTON, DUDLEY WALKER (MIA)
(Fourth Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Third Gold Star in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Dudley Walker Morton (0-063274), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. WAHOO (SS-238), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 September 1943 to 11 October 1943, in action against enemy vessels in the Sea of Japan. With the utmost skill and daring, Commander Morton conducted three highly successful war patrols in Japanese-controlled waters, inflicting heavy losses on enemy shipping, and, courageously entering dangerous, confined and shallow waters on a subsequent vital mission, accomplished the complete destruction of at least one important hostile ship. Commander Morton's brilliant tactical ability and inspiring leadership throughout these extremely hazardous operations reflect great credit upon himself, his command and the Unites States Naval Service.
SubBdAwds, Serial 0085 (December 2, 1943)
Born: July 17, 1907 at Owensburg, Kentucky
Home Town: Tuckahoe, New York
Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), Purple Heart

MORTON, ROBERT C.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert C. Morton, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BACHE (DD-470), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Morton's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 17, 1912 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Arlington, Massachusetts

MORTON, WILLIAM BENJAMIN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Benjamin Morton, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VC-81), embarked from the U.S.S. NATOMA BAY (CVE-62), while engaging a strong enemy Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Samar Island off the east coast of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 3, 1916 at Charleston, West Virginia
Home Town: Charleston, West Virginia

MOSELEY, STANLEY PAGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley Page Moseley, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POLLACK (SS-180), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 13 December 1941 to 21 January 1942, off the coast of Kyushu in Japanese home waters. Despite intensive enemy air and surface anti-submarine patrols, Lieutenant Commander Moseley successfully made six attacks on enemy ships, sinking three of them totally 16,000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Moseley brought his ship safely back to port without damage to the submarine or to the personnel of his command. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Born: June 28, 1903 at Mexia, Texas
Home Town: Mexia, Texas

MOYERS, HENRY HORACE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Horace Moyers, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in action as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Ensign Moyers contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 24, 1918 at Scott County, Missouri
Home Town: Lilbourn, Missouri

*MUELLER, CARL D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl D. Mueller, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Second Battalion, Twenty-Ninth Marines, SIXTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 15 May 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Mueller undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

*MUIR, KENNETH H. (MIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kenneth H. Muir, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of the United States Navy Armed Guard on board the S.S. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, destroyed in the Caribbean Sea by enemy torpedoes on 6 November 1942. In the glow of salt water flares that lighted up the stern of the sinking ship, Ensign Muir, disregarding his own severe injuries and great suffering, ordered the three men near him to leap clear of the ship and then rushed back to help more of his men to escape. He was still urging his gunners over the side when the ship went down. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: July 25, 1916 at New York, New York
Home Town: Pelham, New York

*MULDROW, JOHN ELLISON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Ellison Muldrow, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED EIGHT (VPB-108), in action against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island on 9 May 1945. Flying through extremely hazardous weather to participate in a strike against this enemy stronghold, Lieutenant Hartvig braved intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from enemy gun emplacements and rifle fire which riddled his plane to press home his attack at a minimum altitude. Gallantly fighting his plane, he assisted in the destruction of two grounded enemy planes, strafed and bombed enemy installations with highly damaging results and inflicted severe casualties on hostile troops. His skilled airmanship, indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

MULLANEY, BARON J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Baron J. Mullaney, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HUGH W. HADLEY (DD-774), in action against the enemy on 11 May 1945, while deployed off Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MULLEN, ROBERT LEWIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Lewis Mullen, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VT-94), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on 24 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MULLER, JULIAN P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Julian P. Muller, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Turret Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. SAVANNAH (CL-42), while that vessel was stationed in the Gulf of Salerno supporting our landings during the amphibious invasion of Italy on 11 September 1943. When his vessel received a direct hit from an enemy aerial bomb which pierced the top of a turret, exploded deep within the ship and filled the forward turrets with smoke and toxic gases, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Muller coolly and courageously directed the abandoning of the area. Discovering that two of his crew were not accounted for, he re-entered the turret and, despite the extreme danger, searched until he found the missing men. After getting them to safety, he went into an adjacent turret which was badly damaged and skillfully assisted in the rescue of personnel trapped inside. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Muller throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Home Town: New York, New York

MULLINNIX, ALLEN PRATHER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Allen Prather Mullinnix, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. PENSACOLA (CA-24), in action against the enemy on 17 February 1945, off Iwo Jima in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

MULVIHILL, FRANCIS GERALD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Gerald Mulvihill, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron ONE (VB-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action on 24 July 1944, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MUMMA, MORTON C., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Morton C. Mumma, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SAILFISH (SS-192), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters of off Luzon, Philippine Islands. On the night of 13 December 1941, the ship made contact with a convoy escorted by three Japanese destroyers. Lieutenant Commander Mumma boldly maneuvered his submarine into striking position despite enemy depth charge counter measures and directed operations and fire to score a torpedo hit on an enemy destroyer. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Mumma brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 322 (January 1944) & 329 (August 1944)
Born: August 24, 1904 at Manila, Philippine Islands
Home Town: Berryville, Virginia

*MUNNS, IVAN L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Ivan L. Munns, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Second Battalion, Twenty-Sixth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, on 2 March 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Munns undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

MUNSON, HENRY GLASS
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Glass Munson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CREVALLE (SS-291), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 October 1943 to 7 December 1943, in enemy controlled waters off the coast of Manila, in the Philippine Islands. Commander Munson took advantage of every favorable attack opportunity and, fighting his ship with determined aggressiveness, succeeded in sinking or damaging an important amount of vital hostile shipping. Displaying skillful evasive tactics in the face of vigorous enemy countermeasures, he handled his vessel with outstanding proficiency and brilliant seamanship, bringing the CREVALLE through each fierce engagement without damage. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Munson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 31, 1909 at Manila, Philippine Islands
Home Town: Waukegan, Illinois
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MUNSON, HENRY GLASS
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Henry Glass Munson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CREVALLE (SS-291), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 30 December 1943 to 20 February 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea. Vigilantly searching the seas for Japanese shipping, Commander Munson pursued one hostile ship for fifteen hours and, driven off four times by enemy escorts, relentlessly returned to press home his attack, climaxing this prolonged chase and engagement by sending the enemy to the bottom. With only two worthwhile contacts picked up by the CREVALLE, he requested and received a five-day extension of the regular patrol period, setting out with renewed vigor to intercept Japanese surface units. Tracking one escorted convoy of nine ships covered by hostile aircraft from mid-morning until dark, he directed the gallant submarine in a bold night surface attack and succeeded in scoring torpedo hits upon six enemy vessels, escaping damage to his own ship despite wild Japanese gunfire and intense depth-charge barrages. Under his brilliant leadership, the CREVALLE completed a daring patrol in the face of terrific opposition, sinking three freighters, one armed patrol tug and a sailing craft, and damaging four other hostile ships. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Munson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 31, 1909 at Manila, Philippine Islands
Home Town: Waukegan, Illinois
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MUNSON, HENRY GLASS
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Henry Glass Munson, Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. RASHER (SS-269), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 22 June 1944 to 3 September 1944, and as Commander of the Coordinated Attack Group of two submarines during that period, on patrol in the South China Sea west of Luzon. Skillfully maneuvering his ship to penetrate strong enemy escort screens maintained around enemy shipping, Commander Munson launched bold, aggressive attacks in the face of heavy and persistent countermeasures, to score twenty-one hits out of twenty-four torpedoes fired, sinking five enemy ships totaling 22,000 tons. Planning and efficiently handling his own ship and another as a group, he enabled the other boat to sink two 10,000-ton enemy tankers and a large freighter of 19,500 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Munson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 31, 1909 at Manila, Philippine Islands
Home Town: Waukegan, Illinois
Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MUNSON, MELVIN J.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Melvin J. Munson, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MURPHY, CHARLTON LEWIS, JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charlton Lewis Murphy, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. STURGEON (SS-187), on the NINTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 13 December 1943 to 5 February 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Murphy brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 5, 1908 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Bywood, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MURPHY, CHARLTON LEWIS, JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Charlton Lewis Murphy, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for gallantry and intrepidity and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. STURGEON (SS-187), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 April 1944 to 28 May 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Murphy brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 5, 1908 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Bywood, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MURPHY, HENRY F.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry F. Murphy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against the enemy on 15 August 1944, in Southern France. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: March 26, 1895 at Greenfield, Massachusetts
Home Town: Greenfield, Massachusetts

MURPHY, JOSEPH NATHANIEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Nathaniel Murphy, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), during operations against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. After his ship was hit with a bomb from an enemy aircraft and was blazing furiously and rocked by explosions, Commander Murphy gallantly remained aboard for a period of seven hazardous hours. He directed heroic efforts toward saving the PRINCETON, despite the terrific damage, and personally led fire-fighting parties into areas of great danger. The conduct of Commander Murphy throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: June 8, 1905 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

MURPHY, JOSEPH W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph W. Murphy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MURPHY, WILLIAM E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William E. Murphy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over the East China Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MURRAY, GEORGE DOMINIC
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Dominic Murray, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), when, on 1 February 1942, his ship was under heavy bombing attack in enemy waters near the Marshall Islands. The conduct of Captain Murray throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 6, 1898 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Washington, D.C.

MURRAY, THOMAS OLIVER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Oliver Murray, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane and Commanding Officer of Composite Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VC-21), based on the escort carrier, U.S.S. MARCUS ISLAND (CVE-77), in action against the enemy in the Battle of Samar Island, Philippine Islands, on 25 October 1944. In the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Commander Murray drove his attack to a dangerously close range, and with complete disregard for his own safety scored a direct torpedo hit on a heavy cruiser, leaving the ship dead in the water. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: May 4, 1912 at Williamsport, Maryland
Home Town: Williamsport, Maryland

MUSIC, WILLIAM A., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William A. Music, Jr., Electrician's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as member of a demolition party attached to the Fleet Tug U.S.S. CHEROKEE (AT-66), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Assigned the extremely dangerous task of cutting through an enemy obstruction in order that the U.S.S. DALLAS could navigate up the Sebou River in order to land raiders near a strategic airport, Electrician's Mate Third Class Music and his shipmates, on the night of 9 November, proceeded with grim determination toward their objective. Despite the treacherous surf, he and his comrades skillfully and courageously accomplished their hazardous mission of cutting the cables at the mouth of the river, as guns from the French fort opened fire. Countering the enemy's attack until out of range, Electrician's Mate Third Class Music and the other members of his party, in spite of the enormous breakers which battered their boat, brought her back to safety. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 21, 1920 at Pensacola, Florida
Home Town: Pensacola, Florida

MUSICK, KENNETH FLOYD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Floyd Musick, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Commander Musick's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: January 19, 1913 at Kingfisher, Oklahoma
Home Town: Kingfisher, Oklahoma

MUSKIN, LEONARD GORDON
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leonard Gordon Muskin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Muskin participated in a torpedo-bombing attack on a Japanese cruiser. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: July 4, 1920 at Omaha, Nebraska
Home Town: Omaha, Nebraska
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MUSKIN, LEONARD GORDON
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Leonard Gordon Muskin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 4, 1920 at Omaha, Nebraska
Home Town: Omaha, Nebraska
Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)

MYERS, EDWARD CHARLES, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Charles Myers, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, he boldly pressed home his attack. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Myers contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 2, 1921 at Cuba, Missouri
Home Town: Cuba, Missouri

MYERS, KENNETH WATSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Watson Myers, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier-based Bombing Plane, Ensign Myers scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet in the Sulu Sea, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. Ensign Myer's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 4, 1924 at Laketown, Utah
Home Town: Laketown, Utah

MYERS, ROBERT IRA
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Ira Myers, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron NINETY-THREE (VC-93), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), in action on 6 April 1945, while deployed over Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

MYERS, SAMUEL E.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel E. Myers, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

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