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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

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C

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

CABELL, JOHN BRECKENRIDGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Breckenridge Cabell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VT-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese Fleet units at the Kure Naval Base, Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Participating in an attack on major ships of the enemy Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cabell pressed home his attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire to score a direct hit on an enemy warship. His skill, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0807 (July 6, 1943)


CADY, JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Cady, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VC-81), embarked from the U.S.S. NATOMA BAY (CVE-62), while engaging a strong enemy Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Samar Island off the east coast of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. When our carrier forces were under attack by major units of the Japanese Navy, Lieutenant Cady carried out an unsupported torpedo attack against a group of enemy heavy cruisers in company with two other planes. Despite a withering barrage of anti-aircraft fire from the hostile warships, he contributed to the infliction of damage on the leading cruiser at a time when the enemy ships were shelling our escort carriers. His gallant fighting spirit and intrepid actions upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 29, 1920 at Barron County, Wisconsin
Home Town: South Gate, California


CAFFEY, JOHN FRANKLIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Franklin Caffey, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Participating in a long- range attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Caffey skillfully maneuvered his plane to evade determined fighter opposition and intense enemy anti-aircraft fire in the ensuing action and assisted essentially in the sinking of a large enemy aircraft carrier, and the probable sinking of another large carrier and in shooting down two enemy fighter planes. Upon fulfillment of the critical mission, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Caffey succeeded in completing the long return flight to base and in effecting a safe night landing aboard the LEXINGTON. His cool courage, skilled airmanship and devotion to duty throughout this decisive action reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Caffey and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Born: August 2, 1923 at Salt lake City, Utah
Home Town: Salt Lake City, Utah


CAGLE, MALCOLM W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Malcolm W. Cagle, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-EIGHT (VF-88), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action on 24 July 1945, in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


CAHILL, ROBERT BUEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Buel Cahill, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against a major force of the enemy Japanese Fleet in the East China Sea near Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Participating in the initial strike, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cahill braved adverse weather and intense anti-aircraft fire to press home a determined attack and, scoring a direct hit, contributed to the damaging and probable sinking of an enemy cruiser. His outstanding airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0592 (July 4, 1945)


CALDWELL, DAVID CLARK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Clark Caldwell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber and Flight Leader in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. While serving as leader of a flight of carrier-based bombing planes, Lieutenant Caldwell spotted an enemy heavy cruiser on the Sulu Sea, directed an attack and scored direct hits against the enemy surface vessel. In spite of intense antiaircraft fire, he attacked with such coolness, daring and judgment that not only he, but the majority of his flight hit the enemy cruiser and left it sinking and burning. Lieutenant Caldwell's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: December 9, 1916 at Annapolis, Maryland
Home Town: Kailua, Hawaii


CALDWELL, HENRY HOWARD
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Howard Caldwell, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action during November 1943, in the Solomon Islands. Commander Caldwell's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: October 3, 1905 at Rocklin, California
Home Town: Roseville, California


CALDWELL, RICHARD WAYLAND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Wayland Caldwell, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Infantry Landing Craft U.S.S. LCI(L), FIVE (LCI(L) #5), in action against enemy forces during the assault on Sicily on 10 July 1943. Although his ship was beached and broached during an intense and close hostile attack and was riddled by hundreds of shells and machine-gun bullets, Lieutenant Commander Caldwell skillfully fought his vessel throughout a one-hour period and succeeded in maintaining the fire from the guns on board until the ammunition supply was exhausted and in carrying out the landing of army troops on the enemy beach. By his superb professional skill, daring leadership and devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Caldwell contributed to the success of the engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


CALDWELL, ROBERT HUGH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Hugh Caldwell, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PETO (SS-265), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 September 1944 to 6 December 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the East China Sea. A skilled and aggressive leader, Commander Caldwell penetrated strong enemy escort screens to launch repeated strikes against enemy shipping, and by his expert ship handling, contributed materially to the success of the U.S.S. PETE in sinking more than 28,000 tons of enemy shipping and in evading several hostile countermeasures. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Caldwell brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01654 (February 25, 1945)
Born: August 16, 1913 at Atlanta, Georgia
Home Town: Noank, Connecticut


CALDWELL, TURNER F., JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Turner F. Caldwell, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Caldwell pressed home, in the face of heavy anti- aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking one of them.

CALDWELL, TURNER F., JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Turner F. Caldwell, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Caldwell's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)

CALDWELL, TURNER F., JR.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Turner F. Caldwell, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Commanding Officer of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands during the period 24 August 1942 through 23 September 1942. During this period the squadron under Lieutenant Caldwell's command made daily scouting flights without the loss of a single officer or man while flying from the partially completed Guadalcanal airfield, frequently under extremely adverse weather conditions. These flights contributed to the repulse of Japanese assaults by making successful raids upon enemy shipping and troop concentrations. A large transport was sunk by their bombs, and they participated in attacks which sunk three destroyers and demolished a large concentration of landing barges loaded with enemy troops attempting to reach Guadalcanal. Lieutenant Caldwell's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: November 17, 1913 at Narberth, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Vero Beach, Florida
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CALLAHAN, JOSEPH WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph William Callahan, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. RALPH TALBOT (DD-390), during action against enemy Japanese forces on Rendova Island and during subsequent operations incident to the occupation of the New Georgia Islands from June 30 to 13 July 1943. During the assault on Rendova, Commander Callahan directed his ship in providing cover for transports engaged in landing troops despite attacks by enemy torpedo and dive bombers and the threat of enemy submarines and fire from shore batteries. In the restricted waters of the area, he engaged in hazardous operations involving the landing of reinforcements and participated in two effective bombardments of Munda Point. In the second battle of Kula Gulf, he fought his ship aggressively, contributing materially to the destruction of four and probably six Japanese vessels. When one of our ships was severely damaged by an enemy torpedo during this engagement, he pulled alongside the stricken vessel, took her in tow and removed personnel. His expert ship handling, courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Commander Callahan and the United States Naval Service.


CAMERON, CURTIS LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Curtis Leroy Cameron, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VB-87), attached to the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kure, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Braving intense enemy anti-aircraft fire from the ship and from shore batteries before, during and after the attack, Lieutenant Cameron skillfully pressed home his bombing run against the enemy cruiser TONE, scoring a direct hit with a 1000-pound bomb and contributing materially to the beaching of the hostile vessel. Lieutenant Cameron's airmanship and courageous devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01812 (September 15, 1945)


*CAMPBELL, CLARENCE GEORGE, JR. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Clarence George Campbell, Jr. (0-115038), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands on 4 August 1944. Lieutenant Campbell pressed home a determined attack on a large enemy destroyer. When his torpedo failed to release he made a second daring run, accurately scoring a direct hit amidships and leaving the hostile vessel in a sinking condition. Forced to land on the water as a result of the severe damage inflicted on his aircraft, he skillfully set his plane down on heavy seas without injury to his crewmen, before he himself succumbed. Lieutenant Campbell's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 335 (February 1945)
Born: February 2, 1915 at South Orange, New Jersey
Home Town: Pelham Manor, New York
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


CAMPBELL, CLIFFORD MORGAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifford Morgan Campbell, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane and as Aviation Squadron Commander in Patrol Bombing Squadron ELEVEN (VPB-11), in action against enemy forces from 13 October 1943 to 22 November 1943, in the Southwest Pacific. Lieutenant Commander Campbell distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in hazardous missions and in duties of great responsibility during this period. Lieutenant Commander Campbell, a capable leader by example and guidance obtained for his squadron an outstanding record and personally rendered services of great benefit to the war effort. His conduct and leadership in pioneering a dangerous form of night attack were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 21, 1909 at Danville, Washington
Home Town: Spokane, Washington


CAMPBELL, COLIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Colin Campbell, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. ST. LOUIS (CL-49), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 5 and 6 July 1943. Commanding his warship during landing operations on New Georgia Island, Captain Campbell maneuvered his ship through restricted waters, effectively bombing shore batteries. The following day, while leading a formation, his ship engaged in action with superior numbers of an enemy force and, through his brilliant direction of accurate gunfire, succeeded materially in destroying or severely damaging all hostile vessels. Captain Campbell's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: November 23, 1895 at Pittsburg, Kansas
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia


CAMPBELL, FRANK MCHUGH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank McHugh Campbell, Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Saipan in the Marianas Islands, on 2 July 1944. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Campbell undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 16, 1917 at Long Beach, New York
Home Town: Keeseville, New York


*CAMPBELL, GEORGE MARVIN (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Marvin Campbell (0-136949), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Campbell, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: January 7, 1907 at Madras, Oregon
Home Town: San Diego, California


CAMPBELL, GRAFTON BLAIR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Grafton Blair Campbell, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and as Commanding Officer of Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), during action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Flying at extreme range of his plane and fully aware that continued operations might necessitate a night water landing, Commander Campbell carried out an attack and, despite intense anti-aircraft fire and strong fighter opposition, scored a direct hit to leave a large hostile aircraft carrier burning and sinking, thereby contributing to the success of the mission. By his skill as an airman and devotion to duty, Commander Campbell upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0438 (August 20, 1944)
Born: March 8, 1912 at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington


*CAMPBELL, KENDALL C. (KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kendall C. Campbell (0-099660), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on 10 March 1942. Ensign Campbell pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, making a direct hit on one hostile vessel. By his superb airmanship and outstanding courage he contributed to the destruction of the three enemy ships and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)

*CAMPBELL, KENDALL C. (KIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Kendall C. Campbell (0-099660), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Ensign Campbell's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 25, 1917 at Garden City, Kansas
Home Town: Lamar, Colorado
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart


CAMPBELL, LUCIUS D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lucius D. Campbell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron FORTY-TWO (VP-42), Patrol Wing FOUR, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Aleutian Islands, Territory of Alaska, on 3 June 1942. Boldly facing the hazards of flying in a snowstorm, Lieutenant Campbell made contact with a heavy enemy concentration south of Umnak Island. Then, with his plane severely damaged by bullets and fire inflicted by opposing enemy aircraft, he persisted doggedly in his attempts to develop the contact until forced down into the open sea because of fuel exhaustion. Further, he courageously engaged in all-night aerial patrols and bombing attacks on enemy Japanese ships in Kiska Harbor against powerful fighter and anti-aircraft opposition. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: September 10, 1908 at Hibbing, Minnesota
Home Town: Seattle, Washington


CAMPBELL, ROBERT KEITH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Keith Campbell, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Campbell took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 18, 1917 at Mildred, Kansas
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri


CAMPBELL, TRUMAN FREDERICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Truman Frederick Campbell (0-124060), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Kure Area of the Inland Sea of Japan, on 28 July 1945. Braving intense anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and shore batteries, Lieutenant Campbell executed a skillful glide-bombing attack against the Japanese cruiser TONE to score a direct hit on the enemy vessel and contribute materially to the success of his squadron in beaching it. His expert airmanship, aggressive actions and devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Campbell and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)


*CAPANO, PATSY (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Patsy Capano (0-115004), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron THREE (VC-3), embarked from the U.S.S. KALININ BAY (CVE-68), and deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea 25 October 1944. With his task forces under attack and in imminent danger of being destroyed by heavy enemy gunfire from an overwhelming force of hostile warships, Lieutenant Capano, piloting one of the first planes launched, immediately maneuvered to attack the leading heavy cruiser and, in bold defiance of the enemy's devastating anti-aircraft fire, scored three direct hits. Promptly joining a group of fighting planes when his bomb load was expended, Lieutenant Capano fought gallantly in the face of terrific opposition, making four determined staffing runs which resulted in considerable damage to the cruiser and effectively diverted the hostile fire from our attacking bombers and Torpedo Planes. By his superb airmanship, unrelenting aggressiveness and indomitable fighting spirit despite tremendous odds, Lieutenant Capano contributed immeasurable to the extensive damage inflicted on the Japanese Fleet and to the success of our task group in forcing the enemy to break off the engagement with minimum loss to our units. His great personal valor and tenacious devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: October 28, 1920 at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Fall River, Massachusetts


CAPPS, ARLIE GEORGE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arlie George Capps, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Executive Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. NEWCOMB (DD-586), in action against enemy Japanese suicide planes which attacked his vessel in the vicinity of Okinawa, on 6 April 1945. Although buried by the wreckage of a crashed enemy suicide plane while making his way to the forward batteries after all equipment in the combat information center had failed, Lieutenant Commander Capps unhesitatingly continued forward when freed from the debris and directed the fire of the forward guns. Then, organizing fire-fighting parties, he led them into the raging flames amidships and succeeded in bringing the fire under control. By his inspiring leadership, outstanding courage and perseverance in the face of extreme hazards, Lieutenant Commander Capps contributed materially to the saving of his ship and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Destroyers, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04106 (November 18, 1945)


CARBERRY, WILLIAM JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William James Carberry (0-403621), Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Bombing Fighting Squadron SIX (VBF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), during a strike against enemy Japanese Fleet units at Kure harbor, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Displaying outstanding courage and skill, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carberry made a bombing run on an enemy battleship despite intense and extremely accurate anti-aircraft fire from enemy ship and shore batteries, and scored a direct hit with a 1000-pound bomb, thereby contributing materially to sinking the vessel. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carberry's airmanship and devotion to duty reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01895


CARLISI, SALVATORE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Salvatore Carlisi, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Bombing Fighting Squadron TEN (VBF-10), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the East China Sea on 7 April 1945. Participating in an attack against major units of an enemy Task Force during hazardous weather conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade Carlisi braved intense anti-aircraft fire to score a direct damaging bomb hit on an OYODO-class cruiser, thereby contributing materially to her sinking. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carlisi and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01000 (July 6, 1945)


CARLON, KENNETH EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Eugene Carlon, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Participating in a vigorous strike against a large enemy task force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carlon boldly fought his plane through intense and continuous hostile anti-aircraft fire and aerial opposition and skillfully maneuvered his craft to score a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier, contributing materially to its sinking. By his brilliant airmanship, daring initiative and gallant fighting spirit, maintained against tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carlon was instrumental in the infliction of overwhelming damage upon the Japanese fleet during this historic battle. His outstanding courage and inspiring leadership reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
COMSECCARRIERTASKFOR: Serial 0768 (January 31, 1945)
Born: December 19, 1922 at Fallon, Nevada
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


CARLSON, NILS ANDERS ADELSTEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nils Anders Adelsten Carlson (o-325620), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet at Yokosuka, Tokyo Bay, Japan, on 18 July 1945. Skillfully maneuvering his aircraft in a dive-bombing attack on an enemy battleship, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carlson pressed home his attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire and scored a direct bomb hit on the target, thereby contributing materially to the infliction of damage on the warship. His airmanship, courage and determination throughout the attack were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01702 (September 3, 1945)


CARMICHAEL, JOSEPH RIK, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Rik Carmichael, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Chief Engineer on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 11 May 1945. When his ship was struck twice during determined enemy air attacks, Lieutenant Commander Carmichael led his force in combating fires and repairing damage, thereby maintaining the ship's maneuverability and fire-main pressure. By his professional skill, courage and devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Carmichael contributed materially to the saving of his ship and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0715 (October 6, 1945)
Born: June 13, 1915 at Eureka, Utah


CARMICHAEL, ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Carmichael, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Air Group ONE (AG-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CVL-10), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Flying at extreme range from base to participate in a daring strike on a hostile aircraft carrier, Lieutenant Carmichael fought his plane gallantly against enemy intercepting aircraft and, going in low despite the intense hostile anti-aircraft fire, he launched a brilliantly executed dive-bombing attack which resulted in the scoring of three direct and two probably hits on the enemy warship. With his fuel supply nearly exhausted, he succeeded in making a safe night carrier landing under the most hazardous conditions. Lieutenant Carmichael's great personal valor and aggressive fighting spirit in the fulfillment of a dangerous mission reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0439 (August 20, 1944)
Born: March 21, 1921 at Farmington, Minnesota
Home Town: East Bernard, Texas


CARNEY, ROBERT BOSTWICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Bostwick Carney, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Aide and Chief of Staff to the Commander, THIRD Fleet, in action against enemy Japanese forces from 23 to 26 October 1944. Rear Admiral Carney was instrumental in formulating plans by which task forces of the THIRD Fleet executed a series of successful operations against major Japanese task forces in the vicinity of Mindoro, the Sulu Sea, northeast of Luzon, and off the Central Philippines, resulting in the sinking and damaging of the major portion of Japanese capital ships and carrier aircraft of the Japanese navy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 346 (January 1946)
Born: March 26, 1895 at Vallejo, California
Home Town: Coronado, California


CARR, GEORGE RAINES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Raines Carr, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 19 June 1944. During repeated attacks upon numerous enemy air groups, Lieutenant Carr pressed home vigorous counterattacks against the outnumbering enemy forces and, despite constant fighter opposition, shot down five of the enemy dive bombers and damaged many others, thereby assisting materially in the total destruction by his squadron, of sixty-seven enemy aircraft. By his superb airmanship and gallant fighting spirit, he contributed to the defenses of our forces in t he area, and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0280 (August 3, 1944)
Born: November 17, 1916 at Hopkins, Florida
Home Town: St. Petersburg, Florida


*CARROLL, WELLS WORTH (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wells Worth Carroll (0-174926), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Damage Control Officer aboard the Escort Carrier U.S.S. LISCOME BAY (CVE-56), when that vessel was sunk near Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands on 24 November 1943. Severely wounded when the LISCOME BAY was struck by a torpedo, Lieutenant Commander Carroll refused medical attention and courageously attempted to operate the fire-protection apparatus and to restore pressure in the fire mains despite continuous ammunition explosions and raging flames. He supervised the evacuation of several wounded men and encouraged others less seriously injured than himself. He refused to allow a shipmate to endanger himself by searching for a life jacket for him. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Carroll throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 331 (October 1944)
Born: November 14, 1895 at Grand Rapids, Michigan
Home Town: Manhassett, Long Island, New York


CARSON, JOSEPH MALCOLM
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Malcolm Carson, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as while serving as Chief of Staff for Task Group 77.4, in action against the enemy on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. Captain Carson's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 22, 1901 at Enniskillen, Ireland
Home Town: Front Royal, Virginia


CARTER, DAVID LEWIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Lewis Carter, Lieutenant [the Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against warships of the enemy Japanese Fleet in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Countering fierce enemy fighter opposition and flying through intense anti-aircraft fire from guns of all calibers including Japanese battleship and cruiser main battery fire, Lieutenant Carter pressed daringly to within point-blank range of the largest in a well-coordinated attack to score a direct hit on a hostile carrier. By his airmanship and devotion to duty throughout this hazardous engagement, Lieutenant Carter contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet and to the success of this decisive engagement, thereby upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0279 (August 5, 1944)
Born: May 24, 1918 at Mount Hope, West Virginia
Home Town: Charleston, West Virginia


CARTER, GRAYSON B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Grayson B. Carter, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, LST Flotilla FIVE during amphibious landing operations at Vella Lavella in the Solomon Islands during August 1943. Captain Carter so skillfully handled and directed his forces that they suffered only minor damage and few casualties. He improvised and carried out detailed measures to increase defensive-offensive measures in the landing of both personnel and material. Captain Carter's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: November 16, 1897 at San Diego, California
Home Town: San Diego, California


CARTER, JAMES DANIEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Daniel Carter, Lieutenant Commander (MC), [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Battalion Surgeon of the Second Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, FOURTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, from 19 February to 16 March 1945. Subjected to a heavy enemy mortar, artillery and high velocity anti-tank barrage falling on the aid station on 21 February, Lieutenant Commander Carter continued to treat six casualties despite at least ten direct hits on the aid station. Although wounded during this attack, he supervised his patients' evacuation to covered positions. During the period of bombardment, he treated over sixty casualties although it was impossible to move about without being exposed to air-bursting artillery shells. On 24 February, Lieutenant Commander Carter again braved heavy fire to organize an advance aid station and administer first aid to ten casualties lying in an exposed location. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Carter saved many lives from certain death. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: New York, New York


CARTER, JOHN WARREN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Warren Carter, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINE (VT-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Flying on instruments through a heavy overcast in a daring torpedo attack against the Japanese battleship YAMATO and four screening destroyers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carter broke through the clouds and carried out a perfect torpedo run at point-blank range to score a direct hit on the port quarter of the battleship, thereby contributing materially to its sinking a few minutes later. Forced to fly through a cross-fire of intense anti-aircraft fire during his retirement from the attack, he brought his plane and crew through unscathed. By his superior airmanship and gallant fighting spirit, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Carter upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0508 (June 28, 1945)


CARTER, MELVIN REED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Melvin Reed Carter, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), attached to the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the East China Sea, 7 April 1945. Participating in the initial strike against a hostile Task Force, Ensign Carter pressed home a determined attack on a screening destroyer and then climbed for altitude to repeat the strike on another large destroyer. Through his skilled tactics, he scored a direct hit which contributed materially to the sinking of a Japanese battleship, heavy cruiser, light cruiser and three destroyers. His outstanding airmanship and devotion to the fulfillment of a perilous assignment were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Navel Service.


CARVER, LAMAR P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lamar P. Carver, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FORTY-ONE (VS-41), embarked from the U.S.S. RANGER (CV-4), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 9 November 1942. In the early morning of 8 November, Lieutenant Commander Carver, leading a division of planes on an offensive mission over Casablanca harbor, sighted a nest of hostile submarines. Despite intense anti-aircraft fire, he skillfully maneuvered his division into position and executed an accurate dive-bombing attack, personally making one of the two direct hits which resulted in the sinking of two undersea craft. Again the same day, he led another dive-bombing attack on a group of hostile surface vessels which were being engaged by our ships and, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, several near-misses were scored by his command. His outstanding leadership and fearless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: March 18, 1906 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Moline, Illinois


CASSEDY, HIRAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hiram Cassedy, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEARAVEN (SS-196), during the rescue of an Australian aviator stranded on the Island of Timor when the Japanese invaded the Southwest Pacific Islands in the Spring of 1942. While on patrol on 18 - 19 April 1942, Lieutenant Cassedy was directed to evacuate a number of airmen of the Royal Australian Air Force from Timor, Netherlands East Indies. The island was occupied by the enemy. Enemy forces were aware of the presence of the party of distressed aviators and operations were in progress to capture the group. Lieutenant Cassedy safely conducted his vessel to the rendezvous under hazardous conditions of navigation and by virtue of thorough preparations and excellent foresight effected a contact with the Australians. Although the area was under constant enemy patrol his vessel remained undetected. Under trying conditions and with the utmost pertinacity he directed the recovery of the aviators who were in an emaciated and fever-ridden state. He then took his ship past Japanese patrols and carried the aviators to a point of safety. The exceptional heroism displayed by Lieutenant Cassedy and the officers and men of the U.S.S. SEARAVEN is a tribute to his leadership and skill and is in accord with the best traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: July 4, 1908 at Brookhaven, Mississippi
Home Town: Brookhaven, Mississippi


*CATES, WILLIAM FINNIE (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Finnie Cates (06401733), Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island in the Solomons on the night of on November 12 and 13 1942. His grim perseverance and relentless devotion to duty in the face of certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his own life in the defense of his country.
Born: April 30, 1916 at Drummonds, Tennessee
Home Town: Tripton, Tennessee


CATHEY, GILBERT EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gilbert Eugene Cathey, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Inland Sea of Japan, on 24 July 1945. Leading a section of three dive bombers on a strike against an enemy battleship, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cathey skillfully maneuvered in the face of intense hostile anti-aircraft fire and, pressing home his attack, scored a direct hit which contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His airmanship and determination in the completion of his mission reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cathey and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01865 (September 18, 1945)


*CAVALLARO, SALVATORE J. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Salvatore J. Cavallaro, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of a Scout Boat attached to the Transport Ship U.S.S. LYON (AP-71), during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Undeterred by glaring enemy searchlights and gunfire, and by the prevailing adverse weather conditions, Ensign Cavallaro skillfully directed the first assault boat wave ashore and, with complete disregard for his own personal safety in the continuous fire from enemy shore batteries, carried on throughout the night and the early daylight hours in order to direct succeeding boat waves to the proper beaches.
Born: September 6, 1920 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


CAVENAGH, ROBERT W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert W. Cavenagh, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. STANLEY (DD-478), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces at Empress Augusta Bay, off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, on the night of 1 - 2 November 1943. With his Task Force engaging a Japanese surface force of superior fire power, Commander Cavenagh sought out and engaged six Japanese warships, pressing home vigorous and unrelenting attacks. He hurled the full fighting strength of his ship against the enemy and, by his inspiring leadership and skilled combat tactics, evoked the indomitable fighting spirit which enabled his officers and men to contribute materially to the sinking of four ships and the serious damaging of two others, thereby aiding in the establishment of our beachhead on Bougainville Island. Commander Cavenagh's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.


*CECIL, CHARLES PURCELL (KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Purcell Cecil, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron FIVE, during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. Captain Cecil conducted his group so that units under his command maneuvered skillfully in forming a tight defensive screen around a United States carrier in spite of intense and violent action sustained for an hour and a half. Captain Cecil's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)

*CECIL, CHARLES PURCELL (KIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Purcell Cecil, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. HELENA (CL-50), during operations in Kula Gulf, Solomon Islands, on 5 and 6 July 1943. Commanding his warship during landing operations on New Georgia island, Captain Cecil skillfully maneuvered his ship through submarine-infested waters and effectively bombarded Japanese shore batteries in the face of intense gun and torpedo fire. Twenty-four hours later the Helena participated in an engagement with a numerically superior force and contributed materially to the sinking or severe damaging of all the enemy ships before she was struck by a torpedo. Captain Cecil, calmly and without confusion, directed the abandonment of his sinking ship, and continued supervision of rescue operations from a small life raft. Captain Cecil's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: September 4, 1893 at Louisville, Kentucky
Home Town: Flat Rock, North Carolina
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart


CEVOLI, RICHARD LEO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Leo Cevoli, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTEEN (VF-18), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the Battle for Leyte Gulf from 24 to 26 October 1944. Diving with eight other fighters through intense anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Cevoli strafed the largest ship of an enemy battleship force in the Sibuyan Sea, silencing many anti-aircraft weapons and inflicting casualties on enemy personnel. Attacking a Japanese carrier force off Northeastern Luzon the following day, he dived through a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire and seriously damaged the carrier with a 500-pound bomb hit. Again participating in an attack on the enemy's battleship force in the Sibuyan Sea, Lieutenant Cevoli disregarded the terrific anti-aircraft opposition and scored a near- miss on a KONGO Class battleship with a 500-pound bomb. Then, pulling out he made a second run to strafe a destroyer, silencing its anti-aircraft weapons and thereby contributing to our successful bombing and torpedo attacks which followed. Lieutenant Cevoli's outstanding courage and determination were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01410
Born: 1919 at East Greenwich, Rhode Island
Home Town: North Kingstown, Rhode Island


CHAFFE, ROBERT DOWNING
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Downing Chaffe, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), and deployed over Samar in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Chaffe's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 29, 1921 at Ardmore, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Paoli, Pennsylvania


*CHAFFEE, DAVIS ELLIOTT (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Davis Elliott Chaffee (0-104298), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. Ensign Chaffee attacked an enemy aircraft carrier and pressed home his attack, in spite of heavy anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, to within a few hundred yards of his target. His determined and fearless attack resulted in a hit, contributing to the damage and probable destruction of the carrier and to the victory attained by our forces. Ensign Chaffee's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (December 1942)
Born: May 5, 1915 at Hartland Township, Ohio
Home Town: Sandusky, Ohio


CHAMBERS, JOHN BARRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Barry Chambers, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands, on 11 November 1944. Striking against enemy shipping, Lieutenant Chambers braved extremely heavy and accurate hostile anti-aircraft fire to deliver his attack and obtain a torpedo hit on a heavy cruiser, leaving it damaged and in a sinking condition. His courage, expert airmanship and unswerving devotion to duty contributed materially to the success of an important mission and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0878 (January 11, 1945)
Born: October 9, 1918 at Webster City, Iowa
Home Town: Webster City, Iowa


CHAMBERS, JOHN SHEEVER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Sheever Chambers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Skillfully maneuvering his plane in a dive-bombing attack against an enemy battleship, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Chambers pressed home his attack in the face of intense hostile anti-aircraft fire and succeeded in scoring a direct bomb hit on the target. By his courage and determination in the completion of his mission, he contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. By his' courage and determination in the completion of his mission, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Chambers contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His airmanship throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)


CHAMPLIN, MALCOLM MCGREOR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Malcolm McGreor Champlin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the period 8 December 1941 to 11 March 1942, in the Philippine Islands. On 25 December 1941, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Champlin proceeded to Manila from Corregidor and carried out the important and very difficult mission of destroying all bulk fuel oil, Diesel oil and aviation gasoline without setting fire to the city or pumping it into the harbor, thereby displaying initiative, tact, and resourcefulness to a very high degree. On 27 December 1941, he proceeded to Sangley Point from Corregidor in charge of a party which carried out the very difficult and hazardous mission of destroying the ammunition dump at Sunset Beach (including one hundred mines whose construction was of a highly confidential nature), together with other military stores and equipment at Cavite and Sangley Point. Failure to destroy the foregoing would have resulted in very grave military consequences. Throughout the period of 8 December 1941 to 11 March 1942, in carrying out his duties as Flag Lieutenant he also carried out many other assignments on Corregidor, Bataan and Mariveles. He showed a particularly high degree of efficiency in time of stress.
Born: April 13, 1911 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Sonoma, California


CHAMPLIN, NORMAN DAVID
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Norman David Champlin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 6, 1919 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Plainwell, Michigan


*CHANDLER, THEODORE EDSON (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Theodore Edson Chandler (0-009050), Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Cruiser Division FOUR, aboard the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. LOUISVILLE (CA-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Lingayen Gulf, Philippine Islands, on 6 January 1945. Rear Admiral Chandler skillfully coordinated the fire of his division with that of other heavy naval units during the initial bombardment of Luzon prior to scheduled landing operations at Lingayen. While he was observing the progress of operations from an exposed position on the flag bridge, a Japanese suicide bomber attacked and hit his cruiser, setting the flag bridge afire. Rear Admiral Chandler emerged from the raging inferno with his clothing ablaze, but steadfastly continued to direct his units until compelled by his chief of staff to proceed to the dressing station for treatment of severe burns, to which he succumbed the following day. The conduct of Rear Admiral Chandler throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 344 (November 1945)
Born: December 26, 1894 at Annapolis, Maryland
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star (WWII), 2@ Legion of Merit, Purple Heart


CHAPMAN, JOHN HERSEY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Hersey Chapman, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Bombing Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-FIVE (VBF-85), embarked from the U.S.S. SHANGRI-LA (CV-38), during a strike at enemy Japanese Naval Forces, near Kure Harbor, Honshu, Japan, on 24 July 1945. Displaying great daring and airmanship despite intense and extremely accurate anti-aircraft fire from enemy ship and shore installations, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Chapman pressed home his attack and scored a direct hit with a 1,000-pound bomb on the enemy cruiser, TONE. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Chapman's courage and devotion to duty reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02067 (October 12, 1945)


CHAPMAN, MELVIN LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Melvin Leroy Chapman, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in operations against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. Courageous and skilful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, Lieutenant Chapman boldly pressed home a hazardous dive-bombing attack on a Japanese aircraft carrier and, accurately placing his bomb, scored a direct hit upon his target, despite its desperate evasive tactics. A superb and intrepid airman, he contributed directly to the sinking of the enemy aircraft carrier and played a gallant part in strenuous aerial operations during this critical period of the Pacific War. His courage, daring tactics, and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Chapman and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0766 (October 30, 1944)
Born: July 10, 1921 at El Reno, Oklahoma
Home Town: San Francisco, California


CHAPPELL, LUCIUS H.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lucius H. Chappell, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SCULPIN (SS-191), on the Second War Patrol of that submarine during on 4 and 6 February 1942, in enemy controlled waters off Java. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Chappell brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

CHAPPELL, LUCIUS H.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Lucius H. Chappell, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SCULPIN (SS-191), on the THIRD, FOURTH, and FIFTH War Patrols of that submarine during the period 26 February 1942 to 18 October 1942, in enemy controlled waters of the South China Sea and the Solomon Islands. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Chappell brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 20, 1905 at Columbus, Georgia
Home Town: Columbus, Georgia
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CHAPPLE, WREFORD GOSS
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wreford Goss Chapple, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-38 (SS-143), on the First War Patrol of that submarine during the period 8 December 1941 to 14 January 1942, in enemy controlled waters off the west coast of Mindoro. On 12 December the U.S.S. S-38 reported sinking the first Japanese ship. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Chapple brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

CHAPPLE, WREFORD GOSS
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Wreford Goss Chapple, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PERMIT (SS-178), during operations in the Pacific War Area. During war patrols of that vessel in 1943, Commander Chapple sank two ships and, in two other attacks, inflicted severe damage on two freighters. Commander Chapple displayed aggressive leadership and skill as commanding officer of his submarine while operating in enemy waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Chapple brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 321 (December 1943)
Born: March 19, 1908 at Billings, Montana
Home Town: Billings, Montana
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CHASE, GORDON PERCIVAL
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon Percival Chase, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Flight Leader and Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 24 July 1945. Courageously leading a dive-bombing attack against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Commander Chase selected a hostile battleship as his target and, fighting his plane gallantly in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and shore batteries, scored a direct bomb hit which contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the hostile vessel, which later settled to the bottom of the Harbor. Commander Chase's skilled airmanship, determination and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02001 (October 4, 1945)

CHASE, GORDON PERCIVAL
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Gordon Percival Chase, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Flight Leader and Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Courageously leading a dive-bombing attack against major units of the enemy Fleet including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Commander Chase selected a hostile battleship as his target and, fighting his plane gallantly in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and shore batteries, scored a direct bob hit which contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the hostile vessel, which later settled to the bottom of the Harbor. Commander Chase's skilled airmanship, determination and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02001 (October 4, 1945)
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CHAUVEL, ARTHUR LOUIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur Louis Chauvel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese Forces during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea on 24 October 1944. Braving intense anti-aircraft fire to press home a vigorous dive-bombing attack, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Chauvel succeeded in scoring a direct hit on a tightly maneuvering enemy battleship. By his outstanding airmanship and courageous fighting spirit, he aided in removing a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippines, and his unwavering devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0535 (September 11, 1945)
Born: October 9, 1921 at Santa Barbara, California
Home Town: Santa Barbara, California


*CHECK, LEONARD JOSEPH (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leonard Joseph Check (0-077727), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron SEVEN (VF-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands Area on 29 October 1944. Intercepting an enemy formation of seven bombers and eight fighters while leading his divisions on combat air patrol over an Allied Task Group, Lieutenant Commander Check, accompanied by his wingman, skillfully maneuvered his plane for a direct overhead run and, selecting one of the dive bombers as a target, poured a deadly stream of fire into the hostile craft, shooting it down in flames. Continuing alone in pursuit of the enemy bombers as his flight engaged the fighters, he spotted two additional bombers approaching the Task Group and, plunging to the attack, trailed one of the planes with blazing guns until it crashed into the sea. Pulling out of this successful run to find himself only 500 feet above the water and working desperately to clear his jammed guns as he proceeded up through a heavy cloud formation, he sighted another bomber threatening the friendly vessels and, immediately closing range and bringing his guns to bear, blasted the hostile craft out of the sky. Again working his guns and gaining altitude as he ordered his division to join-up, he observed still another bomber making a run on the Task Group and delivered a short blast of fire into the hostile bomber's engine, causing the plane to nose over, burst into flames and hit the water. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and indomitable fighting spirit, maintained throughout eight minutes of furious action, Lieutenant Commander Check prevented the enemy formation of fifteen planes from making a run on the Task Group and contributed materially to the success of our sustained drive against the Japanese in the Pacific War Theater. His valiant devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 0689 (March 30, 1946)
Born: March 4, 1911 at Berwick, North Dakota
Home Town: Williston, North Dakota
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Legion of Merit, 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


CHEEK, MARION CASE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Marion Case Cheek, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with the SIXTEENTH Naval District, Naval Intelligence, throughout activities conducted in the Philippine Islands during 1941 and 1942. Prior to the evacuation of Manila, Lieutenant Commander Cheek's services had been valuable in ordinary responsibilities as well as in certain special undertakings. Lieutenant Commander Cheek collaborated in important liaison work and more particularly in matters directly involving combat, volunteering for reconnaissance trips in small craft, and on several occasions was under fire. His counsel and sound judgment were important contributions to the campaign in the Far East.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: October 18, 1888 at Ripley, Tennessee
Home Town: San Francisco, California


CHEEK, TOM FRED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Tom Fred Cheek (0-137138), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the "Battle of Midway, on 4 June 1942. While engaged as Section Leader of a fighter escort for our torpedo planes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cheek, en route toward an assault upon three enemy aircraft carriers, was viciously intercepted by a superior force of Japanese fighter planes. By employment of skillful tactics and maneuvers he repeatedly diverted the attacking fighters from the formation of torpedo planes and eventually shot one down. Although he became separated from his wingman in the course of the action, he continued to press home his attacks, in the face of powerful anti-aircraft fire and without assistance from other friendly planes, then successfully found his carrier and safely landed aboard. His courageous devotion to duty, maintained at great personal risk against tremendous odds, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 19 (October 14, 1942)
Born: April 15, 1917 at Harrison, Arkansas
Home Town: Eau Gallie, Florida


CHICKERING, HOWELL DRESCHER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howell Drescher Chickering, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LCS FIFTY-ONE (LCS(L)-51), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the amphibious assault on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 16 April 1945. With his ship operating as a member of the group under violent attacks by enemy suicide planes, Lieutenant Chickering continued to deliver an accurate and intense barrage from his guns and succeeded in shooting down six hostile aircraft. Later, he brought his own damaged ship alongside a disabled and burning destroyer and assisted in extinguishing the fires and in transferring wounded personnel. His inspiring leadership and gallant devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Chickering and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific: Serial 02431 (September 23, 1945)


CHRISTENSEN, WILBUR NEAL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilbur Neal Christensen, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant Christensen defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Christensen and the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 30, 1920 at Riverside, California
Home Town: Colton, California


CHRISTIAN, CLIFFORD LUTHER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clifford Luther Christian, Radioman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Escort Carrier U.S.S. MANILA BAY (CVE-61), in action against the enemy on 5 January 1945, in the China Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.


CHRISTIANSEN, JOHN S.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John S. Christiansen, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 18 July 1945, while deployed over Kokusuka, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


*CHRISTIE, ALEXANDER ALBERT (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Alexander Albert Christie (0-202618), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Ship's Carpenter on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), when that vessel was attacked and sunk by enemy Japanese aircraft off the east coast of Luzon, Philippine Islands, during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 24 October 1944. Immediately after a hostile dive bomber penetrated our screen and scored a direct hit on his carrier, starting raging fires and a series of violent explosions and killing or wounding many members of the crew, Ensign Christie, despite the resulting confusion and the danger of further imminent detonations, gallantly proceeded below decks through smoke-filled passageways and promptly initiated and directed fire fighting and damage control measures, thereafter attempting the rescue of trapped and burned personnel following a blast in another part of the ship. Voluntarily accompanying the Air Officer to the hangar area which was being rocked by explosions, he was among the first to arrive at the scene and, boldly entering the after section where fires were rapidly spreading to a torpedo workshop and bomb stowage, labored tirelessly and with superb courage to extinguish the blaze. His outstanding fortitude, great personal valor and self-sacrificing devotion to the completion of an extremely perilous task reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Christie and the United States Naval Service.
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Princeton: Serial 014 (November 17, 1944)
Born: April 16, 1913 at Herrin, Illinois
Home Town: Bremerton, Washington


CHRISTIE, WILLIAM FRANCIS
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Francis Christie, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Christie's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)

CHRISTIE, WILLIAM FRANCIS
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William Francis Christie, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 6 June 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety and in the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant Christie participated in determined and effective strafing and bombing attacks on fleeing Japanese forces in the Battle of Midway, obtaining a successful hit amidships on a Japanese vessel which caused terrific explosions, thereby contributing to the destruction of that vessel and the victory achieved by our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: August 3, 1916 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Flint, Michigan
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CHRISTMAN, ELWYN LEWIS (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Elwyn Lewis Christman, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VP-101), Patrol Wing TEN (PatWing-10), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces located near Jolo, in the Philippine Islands, on the morning of 27 December 1941. During an air attack on enemy ships when anti-aircraft Fire broke up the formation of PBY-4 Catalinas, Lieutenant Christman followed through alone and made a drop on an enemy vessel at 1,000 feet, before his badly damaged aircraft caught fire. Three members of the crew bailed out, but three others remained at their posts while Christman made an emergency water landing, and then led his surviving comrades to shore. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: July 14, 1915 at Monitor, Oregon
Home Town: San Diego, California


*CHRISTOPHER, HAROLD JENSEN (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harold Jensen Christopher, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Ensign Christopher, realizing his services at his regular battle station on the U.S.S. NEVADA were not needed at the time, he, on his own initiative, assumed duties on the five-inch broadside battery and effectively controlled his part of that battery until killed by a bomb explosion. The conduct of Ensign Christopher throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: November 6, 1919 at Dwight, Illinois
Home Town: Evanston, Illinois


CHRISTOPHER, THOMAS A.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas A. Christopher, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron THIRTY-FOUR (VP-4), operating in the Bismarck Sea in the vicinity of strongly-defended Japanese bases on the nights of 31 December 1943 and 22 January 1944. On 31 December 1944 Lieutenant Commander Christopher attacked and damaged one enemy vessel during a night patrol. Again, on 22 January 1944 he attacked and damaged an enemy vessel at night, receiving damage from heavy AA fire resulting in injury to one crewmember. Lieutenant Commander Christopher pressed home his attacks despite adverse weather conditions, enemy aircraft and heavy antiaircraft fire which damaged his plane on both occasions. His leadership in seeking out the enemy and pressing home the attack under heavy fire, his outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 330 (September 1944)

CHRISTOPHER, THOMAS A.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas A. Christopher, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron THIRTY-FOUR (VP-4), operating in the Bismarck Sea in the vicinity of strongly-defended Japanese bases on 15 January 1944. Lieutenant Commander Christopher led a five-aircraft attack on a strongly escorted enemy convoy attempting to cross the straits. He made a masthead attack at extremely close range and personally accounted for one 6,800-ton merchantman, while the remainder of the flight destroyed two more. His leadership in seeking out the enemy and pressing home the attack under heavy fire, his outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 24, 1911 at Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Home Town: Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CHUNG-HOON, GORDON PAIEA
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon Paiea Chung-Hoon, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. SIGSBEE (DD-502), a unit of an Advanced Picket Group, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 14 April 1945. Although his ship suffered major damage when struck by an enemy plane and all power was lost, Commander Chung-Hoon coolly carried out defensive maneuvers and directed his anti-aircraft batteries in delivering prolonged and effective fire against the continued heavy enemy air attack. Afterwards, he supervised damage- control procedure which resulted in his ship being made sea-worthy for a safe return to port under its own restored power. Commander Chung-Hoon's gallant fighting spirit, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0534 (1945)
Born: at Hawaii Home Town: Hawaii

 

*CLAGGETT, BLADEN DULANEY (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bladen Dulaney Claggett, Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. DACE (ss-247), in her FIFTH War Patrol in enemy-controlled waters, from 1 September 1944 to 6 November 1944. Commander Claggett displayed outstanding ability and great courage in three persistent attacks against the enemy, in which three large vessels were sunk. He evaded the enemy escorts through the skill and excellent fighting spirit of his ship. During his patrol, he made a successful rescue of the entire crew of the U.S.S. DARTER, which had been grounded on a shoal. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States of America.
Born: December 18, 1912 at Frederick County, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland


CLANCY, ROBERT LAWRENCE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Lawrence Clancy, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea on 25 October 1944. Braving intense anti-aircraft fire and adverse weather conditions, Lieutenant Clancy pressed home a vigorous attack to score a hit on an enemy battleship with his full bomb load, thereby contributing materially to the annihilation of a hostile Task Force. By his outstanding airmanship and courageous fighting spirit, Lieutenant Clancy aided in removing a serious threat to our ground forces and his unswerving devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0533 (September 11, 1945)


CLAPP, EDWARD SYLVESTER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Sylvester Clapp, Signalman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in the Pacific War Area on 15 October 1942. Signalman Second Class Clapp's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 3, 1906 at Atwood, Illinois
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


CLAREY, BERNARD A.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bernard A. Clarey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PINTADO (SS-387), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 16 May 1944 to 1 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Clarey brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

CLAREY, BERNARD A.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Bernard A. Clarey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PINTADO (SS-387), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 24 July 1944 to 14 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Clarey brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 4, 1912 at Oskaloosa, Iowa
Home Town: Oskaloosa, Iowa
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CLAREY, BERNARD A.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Bernard A. Clarey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PINTADO (SS-387), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 October 1944 to 1 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters in the South China Sea. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Clarey brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 4, 1912 at Oskaloosa, Iowa
Home Town: Oskaloosa, Iowa
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


*CLARK, CARLTON HOWARD (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carlton Howard Clark, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron ELEVEN (VP-11), in action against the enemy from 5 through 11 September 1942, in the Solomon Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: June 17, 1914 at Corbin, Kentucky
Home Town: Corbin, Kentucky


CLARK, CHARLES ROBERT, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Robert Clark, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SENNET (SS-408), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 1 July 1945 to 9 August 1945, in enemy controlled waters the Sea of Japan. Fully realizing the dangers involved, Lieutenant Commander Clark fearlessly penetrated strong enemy anti-submarine barriers to take his submarine into supposedly inviolable waters and launch successfully aggressive torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of four freighters totaling approximately 25,000 tons. After the expenditure of all torpedoes, he escaped through the hazardous waters, bringing his vessel safe to port. His resolute tactics and zealous devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Clark and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Submarine Force Pacific Fleet: Serial 02352 (September 21, 1945)


CLARK, DOUGLAS ALAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Douglas Alan Clark, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Flight Leader in Fighting Squadron THIRTY (VF-30), attached to the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Japanese Home Islands on 21 March 1945. Leading a combat air patrol protecting the Task Force, Lieutenant Commander Clark directed his squadron in a devastating attack on a large enemy bomber formation despite the presence of high enemy fighter cover. Although his flight was greatly outnumbered by the enemy, he personally shot down one hostile fighter and damaged another, thereby aiding in turning back the threat to the security of our Task Force and contributing to the destruction of the enemy bombers without the loss of a single friendly plane. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


CLARK, HENRY EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Eugene Clark, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Division Leader in Torpedo Bombing Squadron SEVENTEEN (VTB-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Kure Bay Area of Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Braving intense enemy anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Clark led his division in a glide-bombing run against major units of the Japanese Fleet and, scoring a direct hit on a heavy cruiser with one of his bombs, contributed materially to the success of his squadron. Lieutenant Clark's skilled airmanship, courage and devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0526 (May 4, 1945)


CLARK, JOSEPH JAMES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph James Clark, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Task Group 58.1, in action against the enemy on 4 August 1944, in the Bonin Islands. Rear Admiral Clark's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 12, 1893 at Pryor, Oklahoma
Home Town: Jacksonville, Florida


CLARK, LAWRENCE ARTHUR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Arthur Clark, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kyushu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Intercepting a hostile fighter plane diving on one of our combatant vessels, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clark pursued this enemy craft through violent maneuvers at low altitude in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and downed the plane only a few hundred feet from its target. By his expert airmanship and excellent fighting spirit, he averted possible loss of life and damage to one of our ships and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0516 (June 4, 1945)
Born: February 8, 1923 at Bell, California
Home Town: Bell, California


CLARK, ROBERT BOOTH
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Booth Clark, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron FOURTEEN (VP-14), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands, on 26 August 1942. While flying a patrol mission Lieutenant Clark reported the position of an enemy task force north of the Solomon Islands while his aircraft was engaging an attack of eight Japanese Zero fighters. By superb handling of his aircraft he was able to maneuver his plane into a position which enabled his waist gunners to shoot down two of the enemy planes and drive off the others. Despite serious damage to his Patrol Plane and casualties among his crew, he made a difficult crash landing at Ontong, Java, where he managed the meager resources available on the island until, after seven days, he and his crew were rescued. Lieutenant Clark's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 12, 1916 at Pomona, California
Home Town: Pomona, California


CLARK, WARREN JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Warren James Clark, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clark participated in a vigorous and determined attack on enemy ships, pressing home his attack to low altitude and making a direct hit on a Japanese battleship, contributing to the sinking of that enemy warship. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clark contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: June 30, 1920 at Canby, Minnesota
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


CLARKE, JOHN M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John M. Clarke, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Dive Bomber, in in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea, on 8 May 1942. Despite machine-gun fire from an enemy dive bomber, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clarke boldly closed the range to attack and, directing his fire deliberately and accurately, shot down the enemy plane in flames. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: March 12, 1919 at Billings, Montana
Home Town: Long Beach, California


CLARKE, ROBERT CLEMINSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Cleminson Clarke, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Composite Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VC-21), embarked from the escort carrier U.S.S. MARCUS ISLAND (CVE-77), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet during the Battle off Samar, on 25 October 1944. Leading his division in bombing and strafing runs against major units of the enemy Fleet despite intense anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Commander Clarke boldly pressed home his attack and made a direct hit on an enemy battleship with his bomb. On the recovery from his dive, he led his division in a sustained strafing attack on an enemy destroyer and, despite a heavy curtain of opposing fire, inflicted damage on its bridge. Lieutenant Commander Clarke's courage, airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 02424 (March 6, 1945)
Born: March 3, 1918 at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Albuquerque, New Mexico


CLELAND, COOK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cook Cleland, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Leading his section in a daring strike against two enemy carriers far from home base, Lieutenant Cleland maneuvered for advantageous striking position and, carrying out his attack with outstanding skill in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire and relentless aerial opposition, contributed materially to the sinking of one of the enemy carriers, the probable sinking of the second and to the destruction of two attacking hostile planes. Then, leading his section on the long and hazardous return flight to base, he succeeded in effecting a safe night landing on board the LEXINGTON. By his airmanship, courage and devotion to duty throughout this hazardous operation, Lieutenant Cleland upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Born: December 24, 1916 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio


CLEMENTSON, MERRILL K.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Merrill K. Clementson, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLUEBACK (SS-326), on a War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Clementson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 12, 1910 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


CLIETT, ROBERT LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Lee Cliett, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Bombing Squadron ONE (VFB-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet at the Kure Naval Base, Japan, on 28 July 1945. In the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from numerous warships and from several strategically-located shore batteries, Lieutenant Commander Cliett courageously led his four-plane division through adverse weather in a well-coordinated attack against a heavy cruiser. Pressing home to low altitude, he scored a direct hit on the hostile vessel while other planes in his division obtained a second hit and a near miss, inflicting serious damage. By his airmanship and aggressive fighting spirit, Lieutenant Commander Cliett contributed materially to the success of an epic strike in which all capital ships of the Japanese Fleet near Kure were either sunk or damaged. His devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Division Task Force: Serial 02030 (October 12, 1945)


CLIFFORD, JOHN KINGDOM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Kingdom Clifford (0-104656), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against an enemy Japanese naval Task Force in the Solomon Islands Area on 24 August 1942. Delivering a vigorous and determined attack against a Japanese aircraft carrier, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clifford, by his aggressive fire, contributed materially to the probable destruction of that vessel in spite of intense anti-aircraft opposition. His courage in combat and his conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 18, 1915 at Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington


CLINTON, ROBERT JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Joseph Clinton, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Leading fifteen dive bombers on a strike against an enemy battleship, Lieutenant Commander Clinton skillfully maneuvered the squadron into position for attack and, pressing home his attack in the face of intense hostile anti-aircraft fire, scored a hit which contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His leadership and professional skill throughout reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Clinton and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)


*CLIVE, RICHARD HOWARD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard Howard Clive (0-173465), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against twenty-three units of the Japanese Fleet in the Sibuyan Area, during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 24 October 1944. An aggressive and intrepid airman, experienced in combat flying, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clive immediately made a daring run on his target in bold defiance of the intense withering barrages of anti-aircraft fire from all warships in the force and, pressing home his determined, relentless attack at perilously low altitude, scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship. By his superb flying ability, his indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Clive contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese during this and numerous other brilliantly executed strikes against Japanese shipping and shore installations in the Pacific War Area. His valiant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, VB-13: Serial o25 (November 2, 1944)
Born: July 28, 1921 at Salt Lake City, Utah
Home Town: Los Angeles, California
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Distinguished Flying Cross, 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


COATS, ROBERT CHARLES
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Charles Coats, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SEVENTEEN (VF-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 18 May 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


COBB, PHILIP WALKER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Philip Walker Cobb, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of Midway during the period 4 to 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from a concentrated barrage of anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Ensign Cobb, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

COBB, PHILIP WALKER
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Philip Walker Cobb, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during action with a Japanese Naval Task Force in the Solomon Islands, on 24 August 1942. With complete disregard for his own personal safety, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cobb launched a determined and vigorous attack against an enemy aircraft carrier, contributing effectively to the probable destruction of that vessel. His aggressive action, maintained in the face of withering anti-aircraft fire and violent fighter opposition, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 24, 1918 at Indianapolis, Indiana
Home Town: Saginaw, Michigan
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


COCHRAN, ERNEST HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ernest Henry Cochran, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Ensign Cochran gallantly pursued and pressed home a daring attack on an enemy ship in the face of an intense and accurate barrage of fire, including projectiles from the main batteries of the enemy vessel. With bold determination and utter disregard for his own safety, he drove home his attack which resulted in serious damage to a major enemy warship. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: October 13, 1919 at Starksville, Mississippi
Home Town: Kosciuska, Mississippi


COCHRAN, JACK COWAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Cowan Cochran, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron FOURTEEN (VT-14), attached to the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Boldly carrying the fight to important enemy fleet units, Ensign Cochran effectively attacked six enemy oilers and, expertly maneuvering his plane at an extremely low altitude despite enemy fighters and intense antiaircraft fire, scored three direct hits on a large hostile tanker, contributing materially to the destruction of the Japanese ship in a maze of explosions and flame. Skilled and courageous, he piloted his plane through the darkness on the hazardous and return flight to make a safe landing on board a friendly carrier. Ensign Cochran's expert airmanship, daring combat tactics and unswerving devotion to duty were important factors in the inflicting of heavy damage on the enemy during this historic engagement, and his gallant fortitude throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval service.
Born: July 3, 1921 at Dinuba, California
Home Town: Dinuba, California


COE, JAMES W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James W. Coe, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-39 (SS-144) during the FIRST through the FOURTH War Patrols in the Southwest Pacific from 8 December 1941 through March 1942, and as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SKIPJACK (SS-184), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 14 April 1942 to 17 May 1942, in enemy controlled waters at Cam Ranh Bay. While conducting war patrols as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. S-39, Lieutenant Commander Coe boldly and successfully delivered an attack under hazardous and difficult conditions which resulted in the sinking of an armed enemy auxiliary vessel in Philippine waters, and later, a large enemy naval tanker in the Java Sea. Furthermore, while Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SKIPJACK, he skillfully evaded enemy naval and air patrols to deliver a vigorous and effectively executed attack against enemy vessels, armed or escorted by anti-submarine craft. In these engagements, the SKIPJACK succeeded in destroying two large enemy auxiliaries and an enemy Japanese transport in the South China Sea and seriously damaging and presumably sinking another enemy armed auxiliary. Lieutenant Commander Coe displayed the outstanding characteristics of a leader, and the aggressive and intrepid spirit of a fine seaman which were in keeping with the traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: June 13, 1909 at Richmond, Indiana
Home Town: Richmond, Indiana


COFFEE, DOYLE MURRAY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Doyle Murray Coffee, Captain [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BEALE (DD-471), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the night Battle of Surigao Strait, on 24 - 25 October 1944. When the large enemy Task Force, consisting of battleships, cruisers and destroyers was discovered coming through the Surigao Strait, Captain Coffee courageously took his ship into action. Skillfully maneuvering in the congested seaway while directing the firing of his gun and torpedo batteries, he scored numerous hits on the powerful enemy ships which, implementing the fire of our battleships and cruisers, resulted in the enemy's eventual destruction. By his gallant fighting spirit, Captain Coffee contributed materially to the great victory achieved by our forces in this historic night engagement, and his fortitude and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 28, 1908 at Gordon County, Georgia
Home Town: West Point, Georgia


COFFIN, ALBERT PEYTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Peyton Coffin, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron TEN (VT-10), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in combat action against enemy Japanese naval forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 13 to 15 November 1942. Gallantly leading his squadron against a Japanese battleship of the KONGO Class, Lieutenant Coffin launched a skillful and daring attack, and despite heavy anti-aircraft fire and an umbrella of enemy fighters, scored three torpedo hits, which stopped the enemy vessel and prevented it from shelling the aircraft installations of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal. After this brilliant achievement, he again personally led five subsequent attacks on major Japanese forces with highly successful results. Lieutenant Coffin's outstanding performance of duty and dauntless courage were an inspiration to the officers and men fighting on Guadalcanal, and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, South Pacific Forces: Serial 00228 (January 21, 1943)
Born: October 19, 1911 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana


COGHLAN, THOMAS JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas James Coghlan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Bombing Squadron SEVENTEEN (VTB-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Kure Bat Area of Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Braving intense enemy anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Coghlan participated in a glide-bombing attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet and, scoring a direct bomb hit on the hostile battleship, contributed materially to the damage sustained by that vessel which was left smoking heavily. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Coghlan's skilled airmanship, courage and devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0526 (May 4, 1945)
Born: June 7, 1920 at Kan Ka Kee, Illinois
Home Town: Kan Ka Kee, Illinois


COLE, CYRUS CHURCHILL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Cyrus Churchill Cole, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BALAO (SS-285), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 6 February 1944 to 19 March 1945, in enemy Japanese-controlled waters of New Guinea. Skillfully maneuvering his ship into a favorable position to strike, Lieutenant Commander Cole penetrated the escort screens despite severe enemy opposition and launched a daring and aggressive torpedo attack to sink four enemy ships totaling more than 20,000 tons. Although severely depth-charged and fired upon by enemy guns, he courageously and expertly directed his vessel and succeeded in bringing her to port without serious injury to the ship or crew. Lieutenant Commander Cole's leadership and devotion to the fulfillment of his hazardous mission reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Pacific Fleet Board Awards: Serial 61 (June 2, 1944)
Born: August 19, 1913 at Manila, Philippine Islands
Home Town: San Diego, California


COLE, JOHN SANFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Sanford Cole, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. Participating in a vigorous strike against a large enemy Task Force, Lieutenant Cole boldly fought his plane through intense and continuous hostile anti-aircraft fire and aerial opposition and skillfully maneuvered his craft to score a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier, contributing materially to its sinking. By his brilliant airmanship, daring initiative and gallant fighting spirit, maintained against tremendous odds, Lieutenant Cole was instrumental in the infliction of overwhelming damage upon the Japanese Fleet during this historic battle. His outstanding courage and inspiring leadership reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0768 (January 31, 1945)
Born: May 21, 1920 at Boise, Idaho
Home Town: Milwaukee, Wisconsin


COLE, WILLIAM M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William M. Cole, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. FLETCHER (DD-445), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Commander Cole was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Commander Cole contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: January 10, 1903 at Chester, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Media, Pennsylvania


COLEMAN, KARL B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Karl B. Coleman, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman attached to the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion during action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on 8, 13 and 14 September 1942. On 8 September Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Coleman moved forward under heavy hostile artillery, machine-gun and sniper fire to render aid to a comrade, thereby saving his life. Again, on 13 September, as a company corpsman attached to a front-line company, he exposed himself constantly to enemy fire from all directions to care for and evacuate the wounded. As a result of his dauntless courage and outstanding devotion to duty, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Coleman undoubtedly saved the lives of many of the injured who otherwise might have perished. His courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: February 24, 1921 at Toler, Kentucky
Home Town: Toler, Kentucky


COLEMAN, ROBERT LOUIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Louis Coleman, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer In Charge of the U.S.S. LST THREE HUNDRED ELEVEN (LST-311), during the amphibious assault on Sicily, 10 July 1943. When another landing ship was struck by an aerial bomb off the beach near Gela, Lieutenant Commander Coleman, observing the ignition of a cargo of ammunition loaded on trucks, unhesitatingly brought his own vessel close aboard and fought desperately to help control the rapid spread of the flames. Forced to withdraw when his own ship became imperiled by exploding shells and realizing that the fire was inextinguishable, he returned shortly afterward, placed the bow of the LST 311 alongside the stern of the stricken vessel and rescued forty men who otherwise might have been lost. Lieutenant Coleman's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: August 28, 1913 at New Philadelphia, Ohio
Home Town: New Philadelphia, Ohio


COLEMAN, THADDEUS T., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thaddeus T. Coleman, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action on 7 April 1945, while deployed over Kyushu, Japan. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


COLEY, LEWIS E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis E. Coley, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. ALDEN (DD-211), in a torpedo attack against superior enemy Japanese forces in the Java Sea on 27 February 1942. Skillfully maneuvering his ship, torpedo hits were scored on Japanese cruisers in the face of heavy gunfire from the enemy, marking a courageous and determined handling of his ship. Lieutenant Commander Coley's aggressive spirit and high type of leadership in action are in accord with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: October 2, 1899 at Alexander City, Alabama
Home Town: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma


*COLGAN, WILLIAM WINFIELD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William Winfield Colgan, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 4 October 1944. Realizing that many wounded men were pinned down by intense enemy machine-gun, rifle and mortar fire, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Colgan unhesitatingly proceeded far in front of his own lines in order to administer first aid to the casualties. When our troops were forced to withdraw from untenable positions, he courageously exposed himself to a withering barrage from Japanese guns and directed the men to take cover until a protective smoke screen could be lowered, then skillfully supervised evacuation of the wounded until he was fatally struck down by Japanese fire. Pharmacist's Mate Colgan's daring initiative and great personal valor in the face of grave peril were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 339 (June 1945)
Born: February 3, 1924 at Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Home Town: Carteret, New Jersey


COLLINS, CASTOR BEAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Castor Bean Collins, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Torpedo Squadron TEN (VT-10), attached to the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. An aggressive combat pilot, Lieutenant Collins boldly led a section of carrier-based torpedo bombers on an aerial strike against the main Japanese Fleet and, selecting an enemy aircraft carrier as his target, pressed home fierce attacks in the face of ferocious fighter opposition and devastating anti-aircraft fire from surround Japanese warships. Personally driving an enemy fighter away from a friendly plane with his guns he also scored two direct hits on the enemy carrier and caused a terrific explosion, thereby assisting essentially in the probably sinking of the hostile ship. By his brilliant airmanship, courageous initiative and resourceful command, Lieutenant Collins contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force Pacific: Serial 0247 (July 13, 1944)
Born: May 31, 1920 at Austin, Texas
Home Town: Silver City, New Mexico


COLLINS, ROSS THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ross Thomas Collins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron ONE (VB-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet at Kure Naval Base, Japan, on 28 July 1945. In the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from many warships and numerous strategically-placed shore batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Collins courageously launched a low-altitude dive bombing attack against an ISE Class battleship, scoring one direct hit and inflicting heavy damage on the enemy vessel. While retiring from the run, he strafed and silenced a gun installation which was laying down a barrage across the retirement course of friendly planes withdrawing from the target area. By his airmanship, gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Collins upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02022 (October 8, 1945)


COLLINS, WILLIAM JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William James Collins, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron NINE (VT-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Flying by instruments through a solid overcast in a brilliant torpedo attack against the enemy battleship YAMATO and four screening destroyers, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Collins broke through the clouds and carried out a perfect torpedo run at point-blank range to score a direct hit squarely amidships on the battleship, thereby contributing materially to the sinking of the vessel a few minutes later. Although his plane had been hit while retiring from the attack through a cross-fire of intense anti-aircraft fire from the hostile warships, he brought his plane and crew through unscathed. By his superior airmanship and determined fighting spirit, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Collins upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0508 (June 28, 1945)


COLLINS, WILLIAM MAGILL, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Magill Collins, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Squadron Leader in Fighting Squadron EIGHT (VF-8), embarked from the U.S.S. Bunker Hill (CV-17), in action against enemy Japanese forces over Formosa on 12 October 1944. Commander Collins led the 14 planes of his carrier-based squadron on a fighter sweep, unhesitatingly directing them into combat against approximately 50 enemy fighters. Under his outstanding and aggressive leadership, his squadron shot down in flames five of the enemy without loss to any of their own. Commander Collins then led his squadron in their safe return to their base. Commander Collins' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: August 8, 1911 at Madison, Wisconsin
Home Town: Chevy Chase, Maryland


COLLINS, WILLIAM NEIL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Neil Collins, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Section Leader in Torpedo Squadron FORTY-SEVEN (VT-47), embarked from the U.S.S. BATAAN (CVL-29), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the East China Sea near Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Although wounded by a burst of anti-aircraft fire which damaged his plane as he launched his dive, Lieutenant Collins resolutely continued a bold and determined attack against a Japanese battleship despite opposition from the heavy concentration of main and auxiliary batteries aboard the warships of the enemy Task Force, releasing his torpedoes at low altitude over the target to score a direct hit on the hostile vessel. Extensively damaging one of the enemy's major surface units, Lieutenant Collins rendered invaluable assistance in the sinking of a powerful warship and, by his superb airmanship and courageous conduct at grave personal risk throughout a perilous mission, contributed immeasurably to his squadron's success in a crippling strike against remnants of the one-vaunted Japanese Fleet in its own home waters. His daring aggressiveness, indomitable fighting spirit and gallant devotion to duty under fire were inspiring to those with whom he served and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0949 (July 6, 1945)


CONE, JAMES I.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James I. Cone, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Sky Control Officer on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on 12 and 13 November 1942. When the guns of his battery came under heavy fire and could no longer be controlled by director, Lieutenant Commander Cone, with resolute determination and utter disregard of personal safety, abandoned his own station and exposed himself to continuous shellfire in an effort to put all undamaged guns back into action. Afterward, at great personal risk in the face of grave danger, he labored tirelessly to control damage, fight fires, attend the wounded and direct removal of the dead. His courageous initiative, maintained above and beyond the call of duty, contributed in large measure to the victory achieved by our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 31, 1908 at White Springs, Florida
Home Town: White Springs, Florida


CONKEY, GEORGE L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George L. Conkey, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. EUGENE E. ELMORE (DE-686), in action against an enemy submarine in the Atlantic War Area on 29 May 1944. Conning his ship with daring and skill, Commander Conkey engaged a German submarine and struck heavily and effectively throughout the aggressive action to secure a decisive victory. In the concentrated night action in which U.S.S. BLOCK ISLAND was sunk and U.S.S. BARR torpedoed, he detected U-549 in the act of firing a third torpedo at the crippled aircraft carrier and unhesitatingly maneuvered to ram, forcing the enemy to break off the attack. After the submarine submerged, he avoided a torpedo launched at his vessel and immediately assumed the offensive against the U-boat, which was in a favorable position to launch torpedoes at our vulnerable ships engaged in rescuing 951 survivors of the stricken carrier. Skillfully taking over contact on the enemy submarine reported by one of the rescue destroyer escorts, Commander Conkey delivered four separate aggressive underwater attacks, resulting in the sinking of U-549. He then went to the rescue of the badly damaged U.S.S. BARR, taking off half of her crew and towing the destroyer escort back to port. Through his outstanding courage and professional skill Commander Conkey was directly instrumental in saving three vessels from probable torpedoing, in preventing the sinking of one destroyer escort, in making possible the rescue of 951 survivors, and in destroying and enemy submarine. His heroic actions throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


CONKLIN, EUGENE VINCENT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Vincent Conklin, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Participating in a long- range attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Conklin skillfully maneuvered his plane to evade determined fighter opposition and intense enemy anti-aircraft fire in the ensuing action and assisted essentially in the sinking of a large enemy aircraft carrier, and the probable sinking of another large carrier and in shooting down two enemy fighter planes. Upon fulfillment of the critical mission, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Conklin succeeded in completing the long return flight to base and in effecting a safe night landing aboard the LEXINGTON. His cool courage, skilled airmanship and devotion to duty throughout this decisive action reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Conklin and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Born: December 4, 1923 at Chanute, Kansas
Home Town: Chanute, Kansas


CONKLIN, RAYMOND FOSTER
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Foster Conklin, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in action on 7 August 1943, at Tulagi. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 2, 1916 at Osawatomie, Kansas
Home Town: Osawatomie, Kansas


CONLEY, THOMAS FRANCIS, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Francis Conley, Jr., Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Attack Section TWO, Destroyer Squadron FIFTY-SIX (DesRon 56), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Battle of Surigao Strait, on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Leading his section through intense and prolonged enemy gunfire in a night torpedo attack against the flank of an advancing column of hostile battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Captain Conley placed the section in a tactically advantageous position to deliver a well-executed attack and retired without damage to his units. By his leadership and courage, he contributed directly to the decisive defeat of the enemy forces and his devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0647 (February 9, 1945)
Born: October 25, 1904 at Bridgeport, Connecticut
Home Town: Bridgeport, Connecticut


CONNALLY, CLEM B.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clem B. Connally, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Ensign Connally dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Ensign Connally's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: January 6, 1917 at Waco, Texas
Home Town: Waco, Texas


*CONNER, LEON STEVENS (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leon Stevens Conner (0-251429), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber in in Composite Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VC-81), embarked from the U.S.S. NATOMA BAY (CVE-62), while engaging a strong enemy Japanese Fleet in the Battle of Samar Island off the east coast of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of withering antiaircraft fire from the hostile warships, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Conner pressed home his attack, scoring a direct bomb hit on a Japanese battleship, a near miss on a heavy cruiser, aided in a direct hit on another heavy cruiser and straddled a light cruiser with his bombs. His attack of attack came at a time when enemy shell fire was inflicting heavy damage on our escort carriers. His personal heroism and devotion to duty contributed to the saving of our ships from further serious damage and his conduct throughout the attack was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 345 (December 1945)
Born: November 24, 1920 at Enterprise, Alabama
Home Town: Highland Park, Illinois


CONNOLLY, BARTHOLOMEW J., III
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bartholomew J. Connolly, III, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat ONE HUNDRED FIFTEEN (PT-115), which engaged a force of Japanese cruisers and destroyers off the Guadalcanal coast on the night of 14 - 15 January 1943. Ensign Connolly by his skill and daring made a direct torpedo hit on one enemy destroyer from close range sinking or seriously damaging it thereby. On the night of 1 - 2 February 1943, in company with PT-59 and PT-37, he engaged a similar Japanese force. The group found themselves surrounded by twelve enemy destroyers. Ensign Connolly with great determination and daring closed one of them to within 500 yards scoring two torpedo hits. He fired his two remaining torpedoes at another ship with unobserved results and made good his escape through a rain of enemy shells with no casualties. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Ensign Connolly were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 6, 1921 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


CONNORS, GERALD MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gerald Martin Connors, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED SIXTY-NINE (LCI(G)-369), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Vigilant and determined, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Connors penetrated the spreading curtain of devastating gunfire from powerful Japanese coastal positions to close the beach and deliver a steady barrage, blasting the enemy's fortifications with unrelenting aggressiveness for more than an hour. With his firepower reduced as operational casualties disabled his main battery, he steadfastly remained on station and intensified the rate of fire from his 20-mm. guns until the heavy battery was again in operation. Ordered to withdraw from the field of combat when fires flared and the 469 began shipping water as a result of enemy gunfire, he effected damage control in a matter of minutes and, voluntarily returning to the firing line, again closed the beach in bold defiance of the pounding fury of Japanese shore batteries and continued to bombard defensive positions, persistently delivering heavy and short range fire despite additional hits and increasing personnel casualties resulting from the incessant counterfire. By his dauntless courage, indomitable fighting spirit and outstanding professional skill, Lieutenant Connors contributed materially to the success of this extremely hazardous mission and his valiant leadership throughout upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Toledo, Ohio


CONROY, THOMAS JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Joseph Conroy, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY-TWO (VF-22), embarked from the U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 24 October 1944. A daring and intrepid airman, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Conroy participated in the interception of a large group of enemy planes attempting to attack our Task Force and pressed home his attack to shoot down SIX planes and to inflict severe damage on three others. Although his plane was struck several times by enemy fire, he continued to engage the enemy until his ammunition and fuel were exhausted. His high combat efficiency, courage and devotion to duty were instrumental in preventing damage to our ships and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Conroy and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0738 (January 4, 1945)
Born: September 7, 1923 at Staten Island, New York
Home Town: Staten Island, New York


COOK, GEORGE CARLTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Carlton Cook, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the submarine U.S.S. SEARAVEN (SS-196), during the rescue of an Australian aviator stranded on the Island of Timor when the Japanese invaded the southwest Pacific Islands in the Spring of 1942. While on patrol on 18 - 19 April 1942, the SEARAVEN was directed to evacuate a number of airmen of the Royal Australian Air Force from Timor, Netherlands East Indies. Despite the fact that enemy forces were present in the vicinity and also were searching for the grounded aviators, Ensign Cook unhesitatingly swam ashore through the surf and after considerable difficulty and with great danger to himself, made contact with the Australians. Thereafter he made several trips through the surf, superintended the transfer of the sick and wounded men to the U.S.S. SEARAVEN and, in complete disregard for his own safety, rescued two from drowning. Ensign Cook displayed extraordinary heroism under exceptionally trying conditions. His actions were in complete disregard of his personal safety and are an inspiring example of devotion to duty. His high courage and fine leadership on this occasion are in accord with the best traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)
Born: February 21, 1918 at Milton, Massachusetts
Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts


COOK, LAWRENCE BLANCHARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lawrence Blanchard Cook, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. NEWCOMB (DD-586), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. When a formidable column of Japanese battleships, cruisers and destroyers was encountered advancing through the Strait in the darkness of the early morning hours, Commander Cook daringly and with brilliant tactical ability directed the ship against fierce and prolonged enemy gunfire and, skillfully placing his ship in an advantageous striking position despite extremely hazardous conditions, launched a devastating, accurate torpedo attack, subsequently withdrawing from the area without damage to his vessel. By his forceful leadership and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of tremendous odds, Commander Cook contributed materially to the decisive defeat of the aggressive enemy force and his valiant conduct throughout reflects great credit upon himself, his gallant command and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: September 13, 1907 at Lowell, Massachusetts
Home Town: Nashua, New Hampshire


COOK, MORRILL I., JR. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Morrill I. Cook, Jr. (0-099662), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHT (VF-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. During the attack on our surface units by a strong force of enemy Japanese aircraft, Ensign Cook participated in the defense of our forces and with utter disregard for his own personal safety, courageously engaged and shot down two of the enemy attacking planes. This action, performed with fearless determination, contributed materially to the success attained by our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 30, 1918 at Little Rock, Arkansas
Home Town: Clay Center, Kansas


COOK, ORVILLE MELVIN
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Orville Melvin Cook, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Participating in a long-range attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cook skillfully maneuvered his plane to evade determined fighter opposition and intense enemy anti-aircraft fire in the ensuing action and assisted essentially in the sinking of a large enemy aircraft carrier, in the probable sinking of another large carrier and in shooting down two enemy fighter planes. Upon fulfillment of the critical mission, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cook succeeded in completing the long return flight to base and in effecting a safe night landing aboard the LEXINGTON. His cool courage, skilled airmanship and devotion to duty throughout this decisive action reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cook and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)

COOK, ORVILLE MELVIN
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Orville Melvin Cook, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Tokyo Bay Area, Japan, on 18 July 1945. Participating in a dive-bombing attack against an enemy battleship at the Yokosuka Naval Base, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, cook skillfully pressed home his attack in the face of intense hostile anti-aircraft fire and scored a direct hit on the target. By his aggressive airmanship and courage under fire, he contributed materially to the infliction of severe damage on the warship and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01865 (September 18, 1945)
Born: March 11, 1922 at Bagley, Wisconsin
Home Town: Savanna, Illinois
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


COOK, PAUL PENISTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Peniston Cook, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cook defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cook and the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: October 26, 1921 at La Grange, Georgia
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia


*COOK, RAYMOND B (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Raymond B Cook (0-121555), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), during operations against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet during the Battle off Cape Engano in the Philippine Area, on 25 October 1944. Launched at dawn from his parent carrier when the northern prong of the Japanese Fleet, proceeding of the Island of Luzon, swung from a south-easterly to a northerly course in an effort to escape the powerful units of our Third Fleet, Lieutenant Cook led his division in pursuit of the fleeing enemy Task Force and, initiating an extremely hazardous glide-bombing attack against the enemy disposition, plunged through a heavy curtain of merciless anti-aircraft fire to score a direct hit on a Japanese aircraft carrier which was later observed to sink. Stout-hearted and indomitable in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Cook, by his daring initiative, bold combat tactics and superb airmanship, contributed essentially to the sinking of an important enemy warship and his great personal valor and resolute conduct throughout this bitterly-fought engagement upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0747 (January 4, 1945)
Born: December 3, 1917 at Palmyra, New York
Home Town: Palmyra, New York
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Distinguished Flying Cross, 3@ Air Medals


*COOLBAUGH, WALTER WESLEY (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Walter Wesley Coolbaugh, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. Ensign Coolbaugh engaged in three dive bombing attacks, two on enemy Japanese forces in Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and the third on an enemy aircraft carrier in the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. Pressing home these attacks in the face of tremendous anti- aircraft fire, Ensign Coolbaugh, by his skill and determination, assisted greatly in the sinking of the carrier and in the sinking or severe damaging of eight other enemy vessels. His conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds contributed materially to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: August 1, 1918 at Ransom, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Clark's Summit, Pennsylvania


*COONER, BUNYAN RANDOLPH (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bunyan Randolph Cooner (0-099943), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Ensign Cooner took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: February 27, 1914 at Columbia, South Carolina
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


COOPER, JACOB ELLIOTT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jacob Elliott Cooper, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. JOHN D. FORD (DD-228), and for extreme courage and complete disregard for his own personal safety in the face of heavy opposition during the Battle of Makassar Strait, on the night of 23 - 24 January 1942, in delivering a successful attack upon enemy Japanese forces off Balikpapan, Borneo, Netherlands East Indies. Lieutenant Commander Cooper directed his destroyer through a large concentration of enemy craft and succeeded by his skillful maneuvering in inflicting heavy damage on the enemy. This action and the high morale of his command reflect most favorably on Lieutenant Commander Cooper's ability a leader and officer, and are in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)

COOPER, JACOB ELLIOTT
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Jacob Elliott Cooper, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. JOHN D. FORD (DD-228), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces at Badoeng Straits off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. Lieutenant Commander Cooper delivered a well-directed and gallant attack by gun and torpedo fire against a vastly superior force of enemy vessels. Although the ship which he commanded was illuminated by the enemy and under heavy fire, its fire scored several hits which damaged the enemy ships and silenced their fire. Lieutenant Commander Cooper's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of this vital mission and reflects great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)
Born: March 20, 1902 at Bristol, Florida
Home Town: Columbus, Georgia
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


COOPER, JAMES SAMUEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Samuel Cooper, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Lieutenant Cooper defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Cooper and the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 1, 1917 at Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Home Town: Elizabeth City, North Carolina


COOPER, JOSHUA W.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joshua W. Cooper, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BENNION (DD-662), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Cooper's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 15, 1906 at Surry, Virginia
Home Town: Salisbury, Maryland


COOPER, WILLIAM GOODWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Goodwin Cooper, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. McCALLA (DD-488), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Commander Cooper brought his vessel successfully through this battle, directing the fire of his guns with telling accuracy. After retirement of the task force, he remained at the scene of the engagement and directed a vigilant search for our ships which were missing. Locating the U.S.S. DUNCAN, from whose blazing hull explosions were heard, he cautiously approached and left a salvage party aboard, then continued his search for other ships which might need assistance. Finally returning to the DUNCAN and realizing she was beyond saving, Commander Cooper made sure she would not fall into the hands of the enemy. At dawn, he sighted and began picking up survivors. Despite the ever-present danger of enemy ships and aircraft which might be in the vicinity, he continued his extremely hazardous rescue operations until noon, when a total of nearly 200 officers and enlisted men had been placed safely aboard. Commander Cooper's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: July 22, 1903 at Savannah, Georgia
Home Town: Savannah, Georgia


COPELAND, ROBERT WITCHER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Witcher Copeland, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. SAMUEL B. ROBERTS (DE-413), in a surface action with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet off the Island of Samar, in Philippine waters, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Against an enemy force vastly superior in numbers, armament and armor, with cool deliberation Lieutenant Commander Copeland closed to within 4,000 yards of a heavy cruiser to deliver a torpedo attack on the rapidly advancing enemy who had taken him under fire from their large caliber guns. By his heroic action, he thus diverted enemy fire to himself from the almost defenseless vessels which he was protecting. Although his ship was lost in this engagement, his heroic actions were instrumental in turning back, sorely crippled, a vastly superior enemy force. His extraordinary courage and magnificent fighting spirit in the face of terrific odds will live forever in the memory of the officers and men who served with him that day. His conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)
Born: September 9, 1910 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington


CORBUS, JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Corbus, Captain [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BOWFIN (SS-287), on the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 16 July 1944 to 13 September 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Skillfully penetrating escort screens, Captain Corbus pressed home aggressive torpedo and gun attack against the enemy, sinking nine hostile ships, including two destroyers for a total of 26,700 tons. In a unique torpedo attack against the landing at Minami Daito Kima Island, he destroyed a concrete dock and a bus loaded with a Japanese liberty party. Despite severe enemy countermeasures he executed evasive tactics to avoid damage to his ship and bring her back to port. His great personal valor, leadership and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Captain Corbus and the United States Naval Service.
Pacific Fleet Board Awards: Serial 79 (October 10, 1944)
Born: October 25, 1907 at Vallejo, California
Home Town: Vallejo, California


CORDINER, DOUGLAS L. L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Douglas L. L. Cordiner, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. DASHIELL (DD-659), in action against the enemy on 14 April 1945, at Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.


COREY, HOWARD GRANT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard Grant Corey, Captain [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. KILLEN (DD-593), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the night Battle of Surigao Strait, on 24 - 25 October 1944. When the large enemy Task Force, consisting of battleships, cruisers and destroyers, was discovered coming through Surigao Straits, Captain Corey courageously took his ship into action. Skillfully maneuvering in the congested seaway while directing the firing of his gun and torpedo batteries, he scored numerous hits on the powerful enemy ships which, implementing the fire of our battleships and cruisers, resulted in the enemy's eventual destruction. By his gallant fighting spirit, Captain Corey contributed materially to the great victory achieved by our forces in this historic night engagement, and his fortitude and unswerving devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0191 (January 9, 1945)
Born: May 29, 1907 at Chattanooga, Tennessee
Home Town: Coronado, California


COREY, RICHARD LIFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Liford Corey, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VB-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet in the East China Sea near Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Participating in the initial bombing strike, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Corey braved intense anti-aircraft fire and adverse weather conditions to press home a determined attack and, by his courage and airmanship, contributed materially to the damage inflicted on an enemy cruiser. His aggressive fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0592 (July 4, 1945)


*CORL, HARRY LEE (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harry Lee Corl (0-146618), Machinist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THREE (VT-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. During participation in a Torpedo Plane assault on Japanese naval units, Machinist Corl, observing his Squadron Commander crash in flames, gallantly took the lead of the squadron and pressed home the attack to a point where it became relatively certain that the successful accomplishment of his mission would entail a great loss of life. Nevertheless, by his courageous initiative and aggressive leadership, he enabled his squadron to reach its objective and score several hits on enemy aircraft carriers. His loyal devotion to duty and utter disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: March 26, 1914 at Lambertsville, Michigan
Home Town: Saginaw, Michigan


CORNELL, WALLACE GORDON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wallace Gordon Cornell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Patrol Craft FOUR HUNDRED EIGHTY-SEVEN (PC-487), in combat against an enemy Japanese submarine in the vicinity of the Aleutian Islands, Territory of Alaska, on 10 June 1943. While escorting two ships, Lieutenant Cornell, despite the low visibility prevailing in that area, made contact with a hostile submarine. Skillfully attacking the enemy craft with depth charges, he forces her to the surface, then turned and, at full speed, rammed the submarine and passed completely over her. After repeating these daring tactics he opened fire with his three-inch and 20-mm. guns, scoring direct hits and sending the Japanese craft, stern first, to her destruction. With the bow of his ship partly flooded, her bulkheads stove in, and seams leaking dangerously, he directed the control of damage and brought his ship safely into port under her own power. By his superb seamanship and great courage, Lieutenant Cornell upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Northern Pacific Forces: Serial 0437 (June 16, 1943)
Born: April 13, 1912 at Staten Island, New York
Home Town: Staten Island, New York


CORSI, ALBERT JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Joseph Corsi, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Landing Craft-Infantry TWO HUNDRED NINETEEN (LCI-219), during operations against the enemy off the coast of Normandy, France, on 11 June 1944. When his ship was riddled by explosions of an aerial bomb, Lieutenant Commander Corsi rallied the wounded members of his crew and despite severe wounds from shrapnel splinters in his head, neck and leg, attempted to beach his ship with the assistance of a Submarine Chaser. Fighting fires throughout his vessel and aiding in the removal of the wounded until it was apparent that the LCI was about to capsize and sink, he ordered his men to abandon ship and, after all personnel had been evacuated, left the sinking ship and shortly thereafter collapsed from his serious wounds. Lieutenant Commander Corsi's courage, leadership and gallant devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 1779 (June 27, 1946)


COSGROVE, ROBERT DONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Donald Cosgrove, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against the enemy Japanese Fleet during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 24 October 1944. Skillfully leading his division into the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Cosgrove pressed home a close-range attack to obtain a torpedo hit on a hostile battleship. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0451 (December 17, 1944)
Born: June 9, 1919 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: New Orleans, Louisiana


COTRELL, LEWIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis Cotrell, Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. SMITH (DD- 378), in action against the enemy during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces north of the Santa Cruz, Islands, on 26 October 1942. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: February 27, 1919 at Choteau, Montana
Home Town: St. Ignatius, Montana


COUSINS, RALPH WYNNE
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Wynne Cousins, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against the enemy on 7 May 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: July 24, 1915 at Eldorado, Oklahoma
Home Town: Evanston, Illinois


COWARD, JESSE GRANT
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse Grant Coward, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. STERRETT (DD-407), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Commander Coward was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Commander Coward contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)

COWARD, JESSE GRANT
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Jesse Grant Coward, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Squadron FIFTY-FOUR, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Coward' high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 10, 1900 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Richmond Hill, Long Island, New York
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


COX, GEORGE EMERSON, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Emerson Cox, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat FORTY-ONE (PT-41), Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron THREE (MBT-3), when that vessel together with the U.S.S. PT-34 made an effective torpedo attack on a Japanese cruiser screened by four enemy destroyers in the Philippine Islands on 8 April 1941. Despite heavy shell fire opposition and having expended all his torpedoes, Ensign Cox attacked with machine gun fire on the disengaged side of the cruiser thereby drawing the hostile fire from PT-34. His actions in thus heroically exposing his position to aid materially in the attack of the accompanying Motor Torpedo Boat, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: October 16, 1914 at Niagara Falls, New York
Home Town: Watertown, New York
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Distinguished Service Cross (WWII), 2@ Silver Stars (WWII)


COX, JOHN RICHARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Richard Cox, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of the U.S.S. YMS-24, during minesweeping operations in support of the invasion of Southern France on 16 August 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cox took charge when his commanding officer became a casualty and labored to save his ship after her bow had been blown off by a mine. Failing in this, he directed the removal of the wounded and risked his life by entering every compartment in search of missing or trapped men. When another mine exploded under the stern of one of the rescue vessels alongside, he jumped into the water between the two foundering craft and rescued a critically injured man who was in danger of drowning. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cox throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: April 14, 1913 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


COX, ROBERT L.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert L. Cox, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with FOURTH Amphibious Corps, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 20 May 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Cox undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


COX, WILLIAM RUFFIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Ruffin Cox, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. McGOWAN (DD-678), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet during the battle of Surigao Strait, Philippine Islands, from 24 to 25 October 1944. With United States Destroyer units deployed in a flanking maneuver as tactically disposed PT boats opened fire on a formidable column of Japanese battleships, cruisers and destroyers advancing under cover of darkness towards our waiting forces, Commander Cox placed the McGOWAN in an advantageous striking position within close range of the enemy force. Although silhouetted by the illuminating glare of star shells and under fire, he launched his torpedoes with precise timing in the first sudden, coordinated attack, surprised the enemy and rendered him vulnerable to the smashing blows of our heavy Naval units. Subsequently retiring without damage from the furious engagement which resulted in the sinking of two Japanese battleships and three destroyers before effective return fire could be brought to bear upon our Task Force, Commander Cox by his forceful leadership, professional ability and determination in the face of tremendous odds, contributed materially to the decisive defeat of the enemy force. His courage and devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 3d Amphibious Force: Serial 00394 (December 26, 1944)
Born: April 15, 1911 at Tarboro, North Carolina
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


COYE, JOHN S., JR.
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John S. Coye, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SILVERSIDES (SS-236), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 5 October 1943 to 8 November 1943, in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Coye brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

COYE, JOHN S., JR.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John S. Coye, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SILVERSIDES (SS-236), on the EIGHTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 29 December 1943 to 2 January 1944, in enemy controlled waters near Palau. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Coye brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

COYE, JOHN S., JR.
(Third Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to John S. Coye, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SILVERSIDES (SS-236), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 26 April 1944 to 11 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Coye brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 24, 1911 at Berkeley, California
Home Town: Worcester County, Massachusetts
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CRAIG, CLEMENT MELVIN
(First Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clement Melvin Craig, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 26 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

CRAIG, CLEMENT MELVIN
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Clement Melvin Craig, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron TWENTY-TWO (VF-22), embarked from the U.S.S. COWPENS (CVL-25), in action on 21 January 1945, while deployed in the Pacific War Area. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 4, 1914 at Indianapolis, Indiana
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


CRAIG, DONALD MUNRO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Munro Craig, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a division of Motor Torpedo Boats engaged in operations against the enemy convoys off the West Coast of Italy and the South Coast of France in June and July 1944. Lieutenant Craig led his group on six missions against enemy convoys attempting to maintain supply lines to Axis armies in Northern Italy. He skillfully and with the utmost courage and determination disposed his forces on these operations to seek out the enemy and intercept and destroy his shipping. On all occasions he patrolled well within enemy coastal waters and conducted his attacks with great daring and effectiveness with minimum damage to his own forces. In the final success of these operations, he accounted for the sinking of one corvette, one coaster and three F-lighters and the severe damaging of one small ammunition ship, two MAS boats and one or more F-lighters, thereby seriously cutting off enemy reinforcements of supplies and other essential materials to the front lines. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Craig were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 10, 1919 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Carmel-by-the-Sea, California


*CRAIG, JOHN RICH (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Rich Craig (0-063273), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GRAMPUS (SS-207), during the FOURTH and FIFTH War Patrols of that submarine during the period 2 October 1942 to 19 January 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Solomon Islands Area. Despite the great mental and physical strain of prolonged patrols in enemy-controlled waters, Lieutenant Commander Craig launched repeated, daring attacks on Japanese shipping, sinking two enemy transports and one cargo ship, totaling 24,000 tons, and damaging three enemy destroyers. His efficient and inspiring leadership and the loyal devotion to duty of the men under his command throughout the period made possible the successful accomplishment of a vital and hazardous mission. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Craig brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: September 13, 1906 at Jacksonville, Florida
Home Town: St. Petersburg, Florida


CRAIG, WILLIAM D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William D. Craig, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against enemy Japanese forces on 2 April 1945, at Okinawa, in the Ryukyu Islands. Lieutenant Craig's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.


CRAIGHILL, ROBERT RUTHERFORD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Rutherford Craighill, Captain [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BROWN (DD-546), assigned to Radar Picket duty and subsequently as a Radar Picket Support Vessel, in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa Jima, from 10 April to 18 May 1945, and from 16 June to 20 June 1945. With his ship a frequent target for many air raids launched against the expeditionary forces at Okinawa, Captain Craighill continued to perform the vital functions of providing early air warning and fighter direction which together with his ship's own gunfire, accounted for large numbers of enemy planes and prevented air attacks in strength on the Naval forces off the beachhead. Throughout the long and arduous campaign, he directed his batteries in destroying seven hostile planes and assisting in downing eight more. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Destroyers, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04005 (November 30, 1945)


CRAIN, EDWARD LILLO, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Lillo Crain, Jr., Lieutenant (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as a Surgeon of the First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima, Ryukyu Islands, on 9 May 1945. Observing a number of untreated casualties lying in a valley to his front, Lieutenant Crain braved heavy machine- gun and mortar fire which had prevented stretcher bearers from reaching the wounded men, to move into the valley and administer first aid. Despite intensified fire from enemy-held caves surrounding three sides of the valley, he courageously moved from man to man under constant observation from the enemy and administered medical aid to all the men, remaining in this exposed position for over five hours. When an amphibian tractor was finally able to break through, he personally assisted in carrying the wounded and ably supervised the evacuation until the last casualty had been moved to safety. By his professional ability, fortitude and intrepid spirit in the face of intense hostile fire, Lieutenant Crain upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific: Serial 61804 (August 17, 1945)


CRAPSER, STUART ETHELWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stuart Ethelward Crapser, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in operations against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crapser boldly pressed home a hazardous dive-bombing attack on a Japanese aircraft carrier and, accurately placing his bomb, scored a direct hit upon his target, despite its desperate evasive tactics. A superb and intrepid airman, he contributed directly to the sinking of the enemy aircraft and played a gallant part in strenuous aerial operations during this critical period of the Pacific War. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crapser and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0766 (October 30, 1944)
Born: August 25, 1920 at Poughkeepsie, New York
Home Town: Springfield, Massachusetts


CRAWFORD, JAMES TAYLOR
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Taylor Crawford, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against Japanese forces during an attack on units of the hostile Fleet at anchor in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Although severely wounded by anti-aircraft fire before reaching the attack position, Lieutenant Commander Crawford courageously led his division to a vantage point from which a successful attack on major units of the enemy Fleet was launched in the face of heavy and accurate anti-aircraft fire, resulting in direct hits on an enemy carrier, an escort carrier and a battleship. After leading his division to successful retirement and safe return, he reported his own injury. By his outstanding airmanship, and aggressive fighting spirit, Lieutenant Commander Crawford contributed materially to the success of the mission and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0481 (April 30, 1945)

CRAWFORD, JAMES TAYLOR
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to James Taylor Crawford, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VB-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet anchored in Kure Harbor, Honshu, Japan, on 18 July 1945. Flying as the Squadron Leader of the flight of dive bombers, Lieutenant Commander Crawford skillfully and courageously directed a highly coordinated bombing attack on the Japanese battleship NAGATO. Braving intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from both ship and shore batteries, he maneuvered his plane for maximum striking power and, pressing home his own attack, scored a direct bomb hit and severely damaged the hostile warship. His superb airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01692 (September 1, 1945)
Born: December 18, 1917 at Williston, Tennessee
Home Town: Memphis, Tennessee
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart


*CREAMER, WILLIAM E. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to William E. Creamer (0-084085), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Grimly aware of the hazardous consequences of flying without fighter protection, and with insufficient fuel to return to his carrier, Ensign Creamer, resolutely, and with no thought of his own life, delivered an effective torpedo attached against violent assaults of enemy Japanese aircraft and against an almost solid barrage of antiaircraft fire. His courageous action, carried out with a gallant spirit of self-sacrifice and a conscientious devotion to the fulfillment of his mission, was a determining factor in the defeat of the enemy forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: December 1, 1916 at York, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Riverside, California


*CRELLIN, CONRAD WESLEY (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Conrad Wesley Crellin (0-263694), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. In the face of intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from the whole enemy formation, under extremely hazardous combat conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crellin participated in a bombing attack on a Japanese battleship. Fearlessly maneuvering through withering hostile fire of all calibers, he pressed home his attack and, by his expert airmanship, obtained a direct hit which caused certain damage, before his plane crashed into the sea as a result of an accurate burst from hostile guns. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crellin's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)
Born: September 21, 1922 at Wakefield, Nebraska
Home Town: Los Angeles, California
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


CRENSHAW, JAMES R, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James R Crenshaw, Jr., Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron ONE (VT-1), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Participating in a bold strike against an enemy aircraft carrier, Lieutenant Crenshaw flew through intense anti-aircraft fire and strong fighter opposition and, with other members of his squadron made a brilliantly executed torpedo close-range attack which resulted in two direct hits on this vital enemy carrier. Although his plane was hit and seriously damaged by a heavy anti-aircraft shell, he skillfully returned to his Task Group and made a safe carrier landing after nightfall. Lieutenant Crenshaw's superb airmanship and indomitable fighting spirit were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0439 (August 20, 1944)
Born: December 20, 1920 at Orlando, Florida
Home Town: Orlando, Florida


CROCKER, JOHN A.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John A. Crocker, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), and deployed over Samar in the Philippine Islands, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 24, 1916 at Exeter, Virginia
Home Town: Narrows, Virginia


CROCKER, JOHN HOWARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Howard Crocker, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in operations against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. Courageous and skillful in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crocker boldly pressed home a hazardous dive-bombing attack on a Japanese aircraft carrier and, accurately placing his bomb, scored a direct hit upon his target, despite its desperate evasive tactics. A superb and intrepid airman, he contributed directly to the sinking of the enemy aircraft carrier and played a gallant part in strenuous aerial operations during this critical period of the Pacific War. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crocker and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0766 (March 20, 1946)
Born: July 7, 1921 at Tulsa, Oklahoma
Home Town: Tulsa, Oklahoma


*CROMMELIN, CHARLES LAURENCE (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Laurence Crommelin (0-070011), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Fighter Plane and Commander of AIR GROUP TWELVE (AG-12), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), during the first attack on Japan by Naval carrier-based planes on 17 February 1945. Acting as Strike Leader for a coordinated attack on a vital aircraft engine plant in the Tokyo area, Commander Crommelin courageously refused to turn back when he discovered, upon reaching the Japanese coast, that his engine was operating at greatly reduced power and he knew extremely adverse weather conditions made necessary a long trip over the Japanese mainland to the target area. Pressing home the attack in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire and fighter opposition, he was last to leave the target area, taking damage assessment photographs before delivering his own rocket and strafing attack. Commander Crommelin, by his outstanding professional skill, inspiring leadership and gallant devotion to duty, contributed materially to the serious damage of an important enemy installation, thus upholding the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0540 (September 12, 1945)
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, Purple Heart


CROMMELIN, RICHARD GUNTER (MIA-KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Gunter Crommelin (0-81127), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. As leader of a section of the combat air patrol on 7 May, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crommelin conducted a determined and decisive attack against an enemy Japanese four-engine patrol plane which resulted in the destruction of that plane, thereby preventing the detection of our forces by the enemy. His aggressive spirit of fearlessness in facing great odds to make eight successive attacks against six enemy fighters attacking our surface forces and harassing our anti-Torpedo Plane patrol resulted in the destruction of two enemy fighters and severe damage to several others. His conduct in these engagements was characterized by unusual leadership, prompt and sound judgment in the accomplishment of his mission and a complete disregard for his own personal safety.

CROMMELIN, RICHARD GUNTER (MIA-KIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Richard Gunter Crommelin (0-81127), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Through his courage, skill and perseverance Lieutenant Crommelin played an important part in the disruption of a bombing attack directed against the U.S.S. YORKTOWN by a formation of eighteen Japanese dive bombers with fighter escort. Intercepting and vigorously attacking the fighters, he personally shot one down in flames and damaged another, thus helping prevent further damage to the other friendly craft engaged in breaking up the dive-bombing attack. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Lieutenant Crommelin were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 8, 1917 at Montgomery, Alabama
Home Town: Wetumpka, Alabama
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Legion of Merit, 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


CROSBY, JOHN THEODORE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Theodore Crosby, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTEEN (VF-18), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), in action on 16 April 1945. During a patrol in the vicinity of Okinawa Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crosby sighted twenty enemy fighters headed in the direction of our forces and dove to intercept. In the encounter that followed he shot down four enemy planes and emerged without injury to his plane or himself although, having become separated from his division, he fought single handed during most of the engagement. The first fighter he attacked burst into flames and crashed. A second plane engaged him in a head on run but his bullets scored hits on the enemy plane which, burning about the engine, went down. Regaining altitude he opened fire on a third fighter which also fell into the sea ablaze. The fourth plane he attacked broke apart in midair, concluding the engagement. Later in the same flight he dove on an enemy dive bomber which crashed on the shore of Okinawa as a result of his fire. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


*CROSS, FREDERICK CUSHING, JR. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Frederick Cushing Cross, Jr. (0-106924), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a Navy PV-1 airplane in Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED TWENTY-EIGHT (VB-128), Fleet Air Wing NINE, United States Atlantic Fleet, during an engagement with an enemy submarine on 7 August 1943. Although he sustained mortal wounds and his aircraft's starboard engine was shattered by a direct hit during the approach to a hostile submarine, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cross, undeterred by his extremely painful injuries and the hazards of concentrated enemy gunfire, pressed home an aggressive attack, dropping his depth bombs in a stick across the ship's bow and possibly damaging the undersea craft. After struggling in vain to maintain flight, he succeeded in effecting a perfect water landing, thus enabling his co-pilot and radio operator to survive and subsequently to attain safety. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cross' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 324 (March 1944)
Born: July 8, 1917 at Lunenburg, Massachusetts
Home Town: Lunenburg, Massachusetts


CROSS, WILLIAM EUGENE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Eugene Cross (0-364102), Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Kure Area of the Inland Sea of Japan, on 24 July 1945. Encountering intense anti-aircraft fire from hostile shore batteries as he approached the target, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cross participated in a coordinated strike against the Japanese battleship HYUGA and, in the face of a heavy barrage of fire from the formidable warship, pressed home a vigorous attack to score two direct hits on the hostile vessel. By his expert airmanship, indomitable spirit and devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cross contributed materially to the success of his squadron in sinking the enemy ship and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)


*CROUTER, MARK HANNA (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Mark Hanna Crouter (0-055937), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on the night of 12 and 13 November 1942. Although suffering from severe wounds received at the outset of the engagement, Commander Crouter, with sturdy endurance and courageous disregard for his own personal safety, remained aboard his ship rather than submit to transfer for medical treatment. Determined to render further assistance in the conduct of the SAN FRANCISCO, despite intense pain and waning strength, he carried on with grim perseverance until he was killed during the course of night action against the enemy. His unyielding devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: October 3, 1897 at Baker, Oregon
Home Town: Union, Oregon
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


CROW, ROGER CURTIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roger Curtis Crow, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands on 24 August 1942. Participating in a vigorous and persistent dive-bombing attack against a Japanese aircraft carrier, Ensign Crow, fighting through a bursting hail of anti-aircraft fire and violent aerial opposition, contributed to the serious damaging of the enemy vessel. Aggressively attacking hostile aircraft during return flight to his own carrier, he shot down three and effectively damaged two. His relentless fighting spirit and courageous devotion to duty, maintained with complete disregard for his own personal safety, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: March 25, 1919 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio


CROWLEY, HERBERT DANIEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herbert Daniel Crowley, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-ONE (VT-21), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands on 19 and 25 October 1944. Braving intense anti-aircraft fire to press home an attack on enemy shipping in Manila Harbor on 19 October, Lieutenant Crowley aided in the damaging of a large tanker and a cargo ship. Flying in low over his target in the face of fierce opposition during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October, he dropped his torpedo at close range to score a direct and damaging hit on an aircraft carrier. By his outstanding ability as an airman, courage and devotion to duty, Lieutenant Crowley contributed to the infliction of costly damage upon the enemy and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0582 (December 22, 1944)
Born: March 13, 1921 at Watertown, Massachusetts
Home Town: Sherborn, Massachusetts


*CROWLEY, JOHN D. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John D. Crowley, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. FLIER (SS-250), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 21 May 1944 to 5 July 1944, in enemy controlled waters west of Luzon in the Philippine Islands. Taking advantage of every favorable attack with alert skill and courageous efficiency, Commander Crowley inflicted a loss of thousands of tons of valuable Japanese shipping sunk or damaged. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Crowley brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 333 (December 1944)
Born: September 24, 1908 at Springfield, Massachusetts
Home Town: Springfield, Massachusetts


CRUISE, EDGAR ALLEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edgar Allen Cruise (0-57515), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Air Officer of the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action with enemy Japanese forces in the Tulagi-Guadalcanal Area, on 7 and 8 August and 23 and 24 August 1942. By his highly efficient, judicious and foresighted planning, Commander Cruise skillfully directed the operations of the Air Department which resulted in brilliantly coordinated and successful aerial activities against the Japanese forces on 7 - 8 August, and which occasioned the repulse with heavy losses of strong enemy units converging on Tulagi and Guadalcanal on 23 - 24 August. His intrepid fighting spirit and inspiring devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 20, 1899 at Hebron, Nebraska
Home Town: Hebron, Nebraska


CRUMLEY, JEROME CHARLES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jerome Charles Crumley, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. In the face of heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crumley participated in a vigorous and determined glide-bombing attack on an enemy battleship, scoring a direct hit which caused certain damage. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Crumley contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: November 3, 1922 at St. Paul, Minnesota
Home Town: St. Paul, Minnesota


CRUZE, JACK D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack D. Cruze, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Catalina Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron ELEVEN (VP-11), operating over the Solomon Sea and the vicinity of the Bismarck Archipelago from 1 to 16 November 1943. Flying under hazardous weather conditions and in the face of heavy antiaircraft opposition, Lieutenant Cruze skillfully located the enemy and, maneuvering his plane for maximum tactical advantage, delivered an accurate hit on a hostile cargo ship, destroyed a wharf and inflicted severe damage on many barges. On the night of 16 November, when he sighted a large force of enemy vessels, he promptly and fearlessly maneuvered his plane for a low-altitude bombing attack and, approaching his target through a barrage of withering antiaircraft fire, scored two direct and punishing hits, destroying or seriously damaging a valuable transport. Lieutenant Cruze's splendid airmanship, valorous initiative and unswerving devotion to duty at great personal risk were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)


*CULLEN, WILFORD J. (KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Wilford J. Cullen, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 18 May 1945. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Third Class Cullen undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Home Town: Bakersfield, California


*CUMMINGS, DAMON MORRIS (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Damon Morris Cummings (0-070295), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession on the Staff of the Commander, South Pacific Force, serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. On this occasion the force to which Lieutenant Commander Cummings was attached engaged at close quarters and defeated a superior enemy force, inflicting heavy damage upon them and preventing the accomplishment of their intended mission. This daring and intrepid attack, brilliantly executed, led to a great victory for his country's forces. By his indomitable fighting spirit, expert seamanship, and gallant devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Cummings contributed largely to the success of the battle and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: January 30, 1910 at Belvidere, Illinois
Home Town: La Jolla, California


CUMMINGS, RALPH WALDO
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Waldo Cummings, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron TEN (VT-10), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Participating in a daring strike against the main Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant Cummings selected an enemy aircraft carrier as his target and, fearlessly pressing home his attacks in the face of fierce fighter opposition and intense anti- aircraft fire from surrounding warships, succeeded in scoring a direct hit on the enemy carrier and caused a terrific explosion, assisting essentially in the probable sinking of the hostile ship. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unswerving devotion to duty, Lieutenant Cummings contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0247 (July 15, 1944)
Born: January 20, 1916 at Polk, Nebraska
Home Town: Benedict, Nebraska


CUNNINGHAM, DANIEL GERALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel Gerald Cunningham, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SEVENTEEN (VF-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), operating against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 26 January 1944 to 26 February 1944. Upon encountering a numerically superior force of enemy aircraft while escorting a flight of bombers on an extremely hazardous mission over the strongly defended Lakuani Airfield, Lieutenant Cunningham unhesitatingly maneuvered his plane into advantageous striking position and, fighting skillfully with daring aggressiveness, shot down two of the enemy fighters. On another occasion, while preceding a bomber strike against Japanese shipping and harbor installations, he and another pilot engaged sixteen hostile Zeroes and, fearlessly pressing home a brilliant, powerful attack, destroyed four of the enemy planes. Lieutenant Cunningham's superb airmanship, gallant disregard for personal safety and unflinching courage in the face of overwhelming odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Southern Pacific: Serial 0788 (April 1, 1944)
Born: July 3, 1919 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


CUNNINGHAM, WINFIELD SCOTT (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Winfield Scott Cunningham, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Commanding Officer, Naval Air Station, Wake Island, where he was responsible for directing defenses of that post during the Japanese siege from 7 through 22 December 1941, against impossible odds. Commander Cunningham's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: February 16, 1900 at Rockbridge, Wisconsin
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland


CURRY, RUSSELL EDGAR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Russell Edgar Curry (o-104401), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against an enemy Japanese naval Task Force in the Solomon Islands Area, on 24 August 1942. Delivering a vigorous and determined attack against a Japanese aircraft carrier, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Curry, by his aggressive fire, contributed materially to the probable destruction of that vessel in spite of intense anti-aircraft opposition. His courage in combat and his conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 1, 1917 at Chico, California
Home Town: Oakland, California


CURTIS, NED BIGELOW
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ned Bigelow Curtis, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. NEVADA (BB-36), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Acting on orders to evacuate the control officers starboard antiaircraft battery of a battleship, Corpsman Curtis climbed the foremast to the director under heavy enemy bombing and strafing which were causing heavy casualties. He disregarded orders of the wounded officer, Ensign Joseph K. Taussig, Jr., to go below. Placing him in a stretcher, and with the assistance of other men, he lowered him three deck levels to the boat deck when other means of descent were blocked by a serious fire caused by a bomb hit. He was burned so severely as to cause his subsequent removal to a hospital. The conduct of Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Curtis throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 6, 1920 at Flint, Michigan
Home Town: San Pedro, California


CURTRIGHT, JESSE LEONARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse Leonard Curtright, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle off Samar, on 25 October 1944. Participating in the initial strike at dawn against the Japanese Task Force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Curtright executed a series of hazardous strafing attacks against the hostile vessels, fearlessly defying intense anti-aircraft fire in a desperate attempt to render aid to our Fleet units which were being subjected to fierce shellfire attack by the enemy ships. By his initiative, courage and devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Curtright upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0830 (February 22, 1945)
Born: January 19, 1922 at Yakima, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington


CURTS, MAURICE EDWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Maurice Edwin Curts, Rear Admiral [then Captain], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. COLUMBIA (CL-56), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the amphibious landings on Leyte and during the Battle for Leyte Gulf from 17 to 29 October 1944. Skillfully directing his ship in an assignment of vital importance, Rear Admiral Curts courageously maneuvered through enemy-infested waters during the approach on Leyte Gulf and, continually providing alert and effective defense for our invasion forces against hostile air attacks, furnished close-in bombardment support for the actual landings. In the course of this action, his ship assisted in the sinking of at least one Japanese battleship, a cruiser and six destroyers, thereby contributing materially to the success of our operations in this area. By his courageous leadership and gallant devotion to duty, Rear Admiral Curts upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet (March 1945)
Born: March 25, 1898 at Flint, Michigan
Home Town: Flint, Michigan


CUSHING, STEPHEN WALKER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stephen Walker Cushing, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron NINE (VF-9), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-10), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the East China Sea, on 7 April 1945. Braving intense enemy anti- aircraft fire and adverse weather conditions, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cushing pressed home a low-level bombing attack and scored a direct hit on an enemy cruiser, causing extensive damage and contributing materially to the ultimate destruction of the hostile vessel. Following this action, he strafed an enemy destroyer to silence the hostile ship's anti-aircraft guns, thereby affording the following bombing and torpedo planes a margin of safety. His expert airmanship, courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Cushing and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0570 (July 2, 1945)


CUSHMAN, KENT MANNING
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kent Manning Cushman, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), attached to the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Leading his section in a long-range attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet, Lieutenant Commander Cushman maneuvered his plane to evade determined fighter resistance and intense antiaircraft fire in the ensuing action and, striking at a large enemy aircraft carrier, scored two direct bomb hits on the bow of the hostile vessel which eventually sank. Upon completion of the critical mission, Lieutenant Commander Cushman succeeded in returning with his flight to his Task Group under extremely adverse conditions. His cool courage, professional skill and leadership reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Commander Cushman and the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 12, 1918 at Cheney, Washington
Home Town: Eatonville, Washington


CUTTER, SLADE D.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAHORSE (SS-304), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 20 October 1943 to 12 December 1943, in enemy controlled waters. Alert and aggressive as he navigated dangerous seas in search of Japanese shipping, Commander Cutter conducted bold attacks against the enemy and, maintaining a high standard of efficiency throughout this important patrol, succeeded in sinking nine vessels totaling 48,000 tons, and in damaging another ship of 4,800 tons. He inspired confidence and maximum effort among the officers and men of his command, inflicting heavy losses upon the enemy and bringing his ship back to port undamaged despite intensive hostile countermeasures. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAHORSE (SS-304), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 6 January 1944 to 16 February 1944, in enemy controlled waters. In spite of the thorough enemy aircraft patrols and intensive methods in which the Japanese conducted their anti-submarine measures, he aggressively attacked and successfully delivered damaging torpedo attacks against heavily escorted enemy convoys, sinking five enemy ships totaling over 30,000 tons. On one occasion, it was necessary to pursue an enemy convoy over a period of eighty hours and only by exceptional determination and skill was he able to penetrate the escort screen and sink two freighters, evading severe enemy counter-attacks to bring his ship back to port undamaged. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAHORSE (SS-304), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 28 March 1944 to 27 April 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. Lieutenant Commander Cutter launched repeated torpedo attacks to sink four hostile ships totaling over 25,000 tons and to damage an enemy submarine of over 600 tons. Although subjected to severe depth charging and aerial bombing, he skillfully evaded the enemy and brought his ship safe to port. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.

CUTTER, SLADE D.
(Fourth Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Third Gold Star in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Navy Cross to Slade D. Cutter, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEAHORSE (SS-304), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 3 July 1944 to 19 July 1944, in enemy Japanese-controlled waters. Penetrating heavy and unusually alert escort screens, Commander Cutter pressed home well planned and executed torpedo attacks to sink six enemy ships totaling 37,000 tons and damaged an additional ship of 4,000 tons. Undaunted by severe enemy anti-submarine measures, he directed his vessel and succeeded in bringing her safe to port. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 1, 1911 at Oswego, Illinois
Home Town: New London, Connecticut
Personal Awards: 4@ Navy Crosses (WWII), 2@ Silver Stars (WWII), Bronze Star

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