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Full Text Citations For Award of
The Navy Cross 

 
To U.S. Navy Personnel
World War II

Navy Cross Citations U.S. Navy - World War II

 A 

 B 

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B

To All Who Shall See These Presents Greeting:

This is to Certify that
The President of the United States of America
Takes Pleasure in Presenting


THE NAVY CROSS
to

 

BACON, BARTON E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Barton E. Bacon, Jr., Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PICKEREL (SS-177), during the period from 8 December 1941 to 26 August 1942. While commanding the submarine PICKEREL during five patrols in the Asiatic theater, Commander Bacon on one occasion attacked a Japanese supply ship and a troop transport with great tactical skill, sinking both of them. In other actions during these patrols his excellent judgment and skill were responsible for heavy damage to a number of enemy ships. Commander Bacon's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: October 18, 1901 at Rockwood, Tennessee
Home Town: San Diego, California


BAER, DONALD G.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald G. Baer, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. LAPON (SS-260), on the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 4 September 1944 to 31 October 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Baer brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 4, 1915 at Uniontown, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Uniontown, Pennsylvania


BAILEY, BRYAN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Bryan Bailey, Jr. (0=347621), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THIRTH (VT-30), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), in action over Kure Harbor, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Ensign Bailey executed a determined and skillful attack on an enemy battleship in the face of extremely violent and concentrated antiaircraft fire from both surface vessels and shore batteries. Although his aircraft was struck and damaged by an explosive anti-aircraft shell during his bombing run, he nevertheless courageously pressed home his attack and scored two direct bomb hits on the battleship, thereby contributing to the material damage of an important enemy war vessel. His coolness and courage in the accomplishment of a hazardous mission were outstanding and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0530 (May 5, 1945)
Home Town: Wichita Falls, Texas
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Distinguished Flying Cross, 4@ Air Medals


BAILEY, WILFRED MAURICE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilfred Maurice Bailey, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bailey succeeded in scoring one of eight direct hits upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of CHITOSE class, in a strike so effectively disposed that the resulting successive hits upon this ship caused it's almost immediate sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bailey contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: April 21, 1924 at Stamford, Texas
Home Town: Wichita Falls, Texas


BAIN, JOHN BURTON
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Burton Bain, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. With accurate understanding of his objective and bold perseverance in attaining it, Ensign Bain destroyed one Japanese fighter plane and courageously attacked several others. His high devotion to duty in the performance of a dangerous and difficult task contributed measurably to the defense of our forces and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 308 (November 1942)

BAIN, JOHN BURTON
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to John Burton Bain, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942 during the "Air Battle of Midway." Ensign Bain was inadvertently separated from his section leader during the course of an initial assault against a large number of Japanese fighters. Nevertheless he pressed home six more consecutive attacks against numerically superior enemy fighters, shooting one down in flames and damaging or driving off the others. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Ensign Bain were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 311 (February 1943)
Born: January 10, 1918 at Franklin, Louisiana
Home Town: Belzoni, Mississippi
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BAKER, DANIEL WIRT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel Wirt Baker (0-278225), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron EIGHTEEN (VB-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 24 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier-based dive bomber, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baker participated in an attack which contributed materially to the annihilation of an enemy Battle Task Force. He scored a confirmed hit on a rapidly-maneuvering battleship, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. The action, in which he was an integral part, successfully accomplished in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft barrages, removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0764 (October 14, 1945)
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Crosses, Air Medal


BAKER, EARL PHILIP, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Earl Philip Baker, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. Randolph (CV-15), in operations against Japanese Naval Shipping in the Inland Sea of Japan at the Kure Naval Base on 24 July 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baker skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in an attack on a battleship-carrier, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit and near misses with his bombs which materially contributed to the sinking of this capital ship. His attack was made with courage and skill, without regard for his own safety and was at all times in the keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


*BAKER, JOHN DRAYTON (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Drayton Baker (0-104123), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CBV-5), in action against Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In company with three other fighters acting as escort for our own Torpedo Planes in an attack on an enemy carrier, Ensign Baker attacked and greatly assisted in the destruction of three enemy fighter planes. His daring and aggressiveness aided materially in the completion of the mission, resulting in the sinking of the carrier. That evening, as part of the combat air patrol, he attacked and dispersed a group of hostile Scouting Planes in the vicinity of our own carrier. He failed to return from this attack. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Born: May 31, 1915 at Plainfield, New Jersey
Home Town: Plainfield, New Jersey


BAKER, LEWIS RUSSELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lewis Russell Baker, Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as the Chief Electrician's Mate in the Steering Motor Room of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action when the ship was struck by a torpedo while making a turn with rudder full left in the Marshall Islands on 4 December 1943. Chief Electrician's Mate Baker, despite his injuries and the effects of Freon and CO2 gas and failing air supply, moved the rudder from about full left to 20 degrees left by electric power before his cables failed. After this he used the emergency hand operated hydraulic system, to bring the rudder from 20 degrees left to three degrees left. Despite injuries and the lack of adequate equipment, and fully aware that the hatch above the Steering Motor Room was covered with water and that escape was cut off, he steadfastly continued his efforts until the rudder was finally brought to amidships. His great personal valor in the face of grave peril and his devotion to duty were an inspiration to the other men at his station and was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 0573 (February 18, 1944)
Born: March 4, 1899 at Lovington, Illinois
Home Town: Champaign, Illinois


BAKER, LIONEL HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lionel Henry Baker, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Repair Ship U.S.S. VESTAL (AR-4), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Baker cared for the wounded in an outstanding manner, although suffering from shrapnel wounds himself. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Baker undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 26, 1913 at Sheguindah, Ontario, Canada
Home Town: Canisteo, New York


*BAKER, PAUL GERALD (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Paul Gerald Baker (0-146505), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWO (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. With utter disregard for personal safety, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baker fearlessly attacked enemy aircraft, destroying three and damaging one other. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baker's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Born: February 20, 1910 at Joy, Illinois
Home Town: Gardena, California


BAKER, WILDER DUPUY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wilder DuPuy Baker (0-8703), Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Force NINETY-FOUR (TF-94), in the Pacific theater of operations from June 1943 to March 1944. During this period, Rear Admiral Baker operated the forces under his command under adverse weather conditions, conducting the first surface bombardment of the Japanese home islands and led the first offensive operations into the Sea of Okhotak. His courage, professional ability and outstanding leadership were responsible for the successful completion of all operations undertaken against the enemy without casualties or damage to his own forces. Rear Admiral Baker's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01892 (May 14, 1944)
Born: July 22, 1890 at Topeka, Kansas
Home Town: Bay City, Michigan
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Silver Star (WWII)


BAKUTIS, FREDERICK EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Edward Bakutis (0-75028), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron TWENTY (VF-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Commander Bakutis led a small search attack group whose objective was to locate and attack an enemy task force. He located this force and reported its location to his base. The force consisted of two battleships, one heavy cruiser, and four destroyers and the attack he led was so skillfully executed that two of the battleships and one cruiser were damaged. The attack was made in the face of gunfire from the main batteries of the enemy force, and intense anti-aircraft fire. Commander Bakutis personally scored direct hits with his rockets on a battleship. His courage, aggressiveness, inspiring leadership and complete disregard for his own personal safety were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0793 (January 9, 1945)
Born: November 4, 1912 at Brockton, Massachusetts
Home Town: Brockton, Massachusetts
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Flying Cross, Legion of Merit, 6@ Air Medals, 2@ Bronze Stars


BALL, JOE FREDERICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joe Frederick Ball, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy PBY-5 Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron THIRTY-FOUR (VPB-34), after the U.S.S. COOPER (DD-695), was struck by a torpedo while engaging Japanese surface craft and barges in the waters of Ormoc Bay, Leyte, Philippine Islands on 3 December 1944. The COOPER broke in two and sank in less than a minute, resulting in the loss of 191 crew members and 168 survivors left struggling in the water. Lieutenant Ball and his crew were returning from a long-range reconnaissance mission and spotted the survivors floating in the bay. Lieutenant Ball landed his Catalina in the bay and proceeded over the next hour to pick up survivors within range of enemy shore fire. He rescued 56 sailors from the bay, and when the aircraft could hold no more he began a takeoff run that took three miles before liftoff could be achieved. He safely returned to his base with his passengers, many of them wounded. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


BANGS, LOUIS LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis Lee Bangs, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TEN (VB-10), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), while participating in aerial combat against the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands, during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. By his airmanship and cool courage in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Commander Bangs contributed materially to the infliction of extensive and costly damage on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive engagement and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 25, 1915 at Madison, Kansas
Home Town: Mullinville, Kansas


*BANGUST, JOSEPH (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Joseph Bangust (3812689), Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Waist Gunner of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron ONE HUNDRED ONE (VP-101), Patrol Wing TEN (PatWing-10), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces located near Jolo, in the Philippine Islands, on the morning of 27 December 1941. In the ensuing action, Japanese Zero fighters and anti-aircraft bursts filled the air around the harbor, but the U.S. Navy PBY-4 bombers made their approach, dropped their bombs and inflicted heavy damage upon several enemy war and merchant ships. Although he was wounded shortly after the approach was made, Aviation Machinist's Mate First Class Bangust remained at his station and continued to fire upon the Japanese Zero fighters until enemy bullets killed him at his post. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: May 30, 1915 at Niles, Ohio
Home Town: San Diego, California


BANISTER, ALAN B.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alan B. Banister (0-62009), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SAWFISH (SS-276), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 22 June 1944 to 15 August 1944, in enemy controlled waters. While on submarine patrol, despite unusually alert air screens maintained around a large enemy tanker of 9,500 tons, Commander Banister aggressively delivered a series of skillfully executed torpedo attacks to damage the tanker, before being forced to deep submergence by severe aerial bombing which prevented further attacks. Later, on 26 July 1944, Commander Banister contacted an enemy submarine of 1,900 tons. Sizing up the situation and realizing the necessity of an immediate attack, he aggressively delivered a spread of four torpedoes, three of which were direct hits and resulted in the sinking of this important enemy combatant unit. In spite of the severe enemy counterattacks, his intelligent and skillful evasive tactics enabled him to bring his ship to port undamaged. Commander Banister's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 05950 (October 26, 1944)

BANISTER, ALAN B.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Alan B. Banister (0-62009), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SAWFISH (SS-276), on the EIGHTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 9 September 1944 to 8 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Commander Banister's aggressive and excellently planned attacks against enemy shipping resulted in the sinking of enemy ships totaling more than 15,000 tons and in damaging shipping of more than 8,000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Banister brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01164 (February 9, 1945)
Born: February 4, 1905 at Grant, Indian Territory
Home Town: Hugo, Oklahoma
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


*BANKER, DONALD FRANCIS (MIA-KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Francis Banker (0-085095), Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber and Flight Leader in Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Skillfully directing his group in a strike against a large Japanese aircraft carrier and other surface units, Lieutenant Commander Banker boldly dived through the intense barrage of enemy anti-aircraft fire and aerial opposition and expertly maneuvered his planes at low altitude to score a direct hit on a carrier, contributing materially to her ultimate sinking. By his brilliant airmanship, indomitable courage and inspiring leadership, Lieutenant Commander Banker was instrumental in inflicting extensive damage upon the Japanese Fleet during the battle. His dauntless fighting spirit and unswerving devotion to duty throughout a period of decisive activity reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacificr: Serial 0765 (October 30, 1944)

*BANKER, DONALD FRANCIS (MIA-KIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donald Francis Banker (0-085095), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber and Squadron Commander in Bombing Squadron NINETEEN (VB-19), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), during offensive air operations against enemy Japanese forces in Manila Harbor, Philippine Islands, on 5 November 1944. Lieutenant Commander Banker led his flight in a vigorous, intensive attack against the Japanese fleet units. In bold defiance of the enemy's fierce aerial opposition, he plunged through withering antiaircraft fire to press home his attack. Accurately releasing his bomb load at perilously low altitude, he succeeded in scoring a direct hit on an enemy heavy cruiser which contributed materially to her destruction before his plane was shot down as he pulled out of his dive. Lieutenant Commander Banker's superb airmanship, indomitable fighting spirit and extreme courage in the face of tremendous odds during this and numerous other brilliantly executed strikes were essential factors in the extensive and costly damage inflicted on hostile shipping, shore installations and aircraft in the Pacific War Area. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Banker throughout these actions reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 341 (August 1945)
Born: September 23, 1917 at Duluth, Minnesota
Home Town: Duluth, Minnesota
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Distinguished Flying Cross (WWII), Purple Heart


BANTZ, REX LESOURC
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rex Lesourc Bantz, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bantz attacked and damaged a large enemy battleship, dropping his bomb at very close range which caused certain damage. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 338 (May 1945)
Born: December 16, 1916 at Coupeville, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington


BARBER, DONALD BLAIR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Blair Barber (0-337252), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VT-82), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action on 7 April 1945, in an attack against a powerful Japanese Task Force in the vicinity of Kyushu, Japan. Together with his Division Leader, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barber pressed home a coordinated two-plane attack which scored a torpedo hit on an enemy cruiser or large destroyer and contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel. The attack was made in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire of all calibers from other warships in the formation. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barber's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0592 (July 4, 1945)


BARBEY, DANIEL E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Daniel E. Barbey, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Amphibious Force, SEVENTH Fleet, during attacks on Lae and Finschhafen in New Guinea, on 4 September and 22 September 1943. Rear Admiral Barbey personally led his forces to the beachheads under relentless air attacks. He directed the brilliantly executed landings which ultimately resulted in victory for our forces. Rear Admiral Barbey's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 332 (November 1944)
Born: December 23, 1889 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Portland, Oregon


BARBOUR, LORAN ELI
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Loran Eli Barbour, Aviation Chief Ordnanceman, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while in serving as Acting Commanding Officer of Naval Combat Demolition Unit TWENTY-TWO (NCDU-22) during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Aviation Chief Ordnanceman Barbour, facing heavy machinegun and artillery fire, showed exceptional bravery, leadership and initiative in the placing of charges and the blowing of a fifty yard gap in enemy beach obstacles. Although severely wounded, he calmly directed marking of the gap through which troops could be landed, and directed his men after completion of their mission to assist in aiding the wounded and evacuating the casualties. The conduct of Aviation Chief Ordnanceman Barbour throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: November 16, 1914 at Bakersfield, California
Home Town: Vallejo, California


BARDEEN, BURTON L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Burton L. Bardeen (0-116792), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot and Division Leader of a carrier-based Photographic Team Plane embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action on 13 and 14 May 1945, during the Fleet action against Kyushu, Japan. Lieutenant Bardeen consistently obtained full coverage of targets assigned with unusual skill and ability. Airborne with his division over hostile territory eight hours of each day and subjected to enemy anti-aircraft fire as most of the seventeen defended airfields and industrial targets which he visited, he succeeded in acquiring photographic imagery vital to the conduct of the campaign against the area, enabling interpretation and assessment that would have been otherwise impossible. On 14 May 1945, he led his division in assuming station as rescue combat air patrol over a pilot and his aircrewmen downed in the Inland Sea of the home Empire, and remained on station until relieved by a special patrol dispatched for that purpose. In the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire he directed and led his division in a strafing attack against two enemy destroyers which were approaching the survivors under his protection, thereby diverting their course. Upon his relief he continued on his original mission and obtained the remaining photographic coverage desired. Lieutenant Bardeen's leadership, skill, and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0518 (July 1, 1945)


BARDELMEIER, JOYCE M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joyce M. Bardelmeier (0-337090), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber, in action on 24 June 1945, while deployed in in action against major units of the Japanese fleet lying within the strong defenses of Kure Naval Base, in Japan. After a dive through heavy clouds from 12,000 to 6,000 feet, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bardelmeier attacked alone through intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire a cruiser, scoring a direct hit on the stern of the warship and inflicting serious damage. By his bold attack to low altitude, although he was drawing all the fire of the cruiser's guns, and his determination with utter disregard for his own safety to place his bomb in a vital spot, were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02073 (October 13, 1945)


BARDEN, KENNETH PERRIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kenneth Perrin Barden (0-240512), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barden successfully carried out his attack and scored a direct torpedo hit on an enemy carrier. He carried out his action without regard for personal safety. His coolness, courage, and skill were inspiring and at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01092 (July 6, 1945)


BARFIELD, CHARLIE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charlie H. Barfield, Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron ONE (VF-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), on 24 July 1945, and deployed over Kure Naval Base, in the heart of the Japanese homeland. Ensign Barfield pressed home his attack in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire of all calibers from warships of many types augmented by a ring of shore-based batteries. By scoring a direct hit on a large enemy aircraft carrier, he contributed materially to the success of the Task Force attack. Ensign Barfield's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Air Task Force, Pacific Fleet: Serial 25215 (December 7, 1945)


*BARKER, JAMES DUDLEY (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Dudley Barker, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with a Rifle Company of the First Battalion, Second Marines, SECOND Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 20 November 1943. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Barker was seriously wounded while he was disembarking from an amphibious tractor on the strongly fortified Japanese beachhead. He refused medical attention and cared for his own wound. Undaunted by a constant hail of enemy machinegun and mortar fire, he administered first aid to wounded comrades on the beach in spite of his own intense pain. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Barker was urged to seek protection in a nearby dugout with other casualties, but he remained at his post until he was mortally wounded by an enemy sniper. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Barker undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 328 (July 1944)
Born: September 30, 1907 at Gebo, Wyoming
Home Town: Medical Lake, Washington


BARNARD, LLOYD GLYNN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lloyd Glynn Barnard (0-104527), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron 2 (VF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Bonin Islands, on 15 June 1944. As the assigned leader of a seven-plane fighter sweep in the vicinity of the Bonin Islands, Lieutenant Barnard distinguished himself for his leadership and personal valor in attacks upon a superior number of enemy planes. Despite adverse odds, he repeatedly led attacks and in a short period of time his flight destroyed seventeen single-engine enemy fighter planes of which he personally accounted for five. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0438 (August 20, 1944)
Born: July 25, 1919 at Donna, Texas
Home Town: Donna, Texas


*BARNES, DOYLE CLAYTON (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Doyle Clayton Barnes (0-137136), Machinist, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Machinist Barnes was launched to defend the ship against an imminent attack by Japanese Torpedo Planes. The situation had already become so critical that he made his take-off from the carrier deck amidst the blasts of the ship's five-inch guns, which were directing their fire at the incoming enemy planes. With marked coolness and indomitable courage, Machinist Barnes, immediately upon becoming airborne, pressed home attacks against two of the enemy planes, shooting down two Torpedo Planes. His aggressive attacks on the enemy planes were skillfully executed despite the intense anti-aircraft fire from our ships. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Machinist Doyle were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: April 5, 1912 at Oenaville, Texas
Home Town: Redondo Beach, California


BARNES, JAMES M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James M. Barnes (0-354857), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Night Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces on a Night Target Combat Air Patrol in the vicinity of the Island of Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, on 6 April 1945. During this flight Ensign Barnes intercepted three separate groups of enemy planes attacking our combatant vessels and landing craft and, with unusual skill and courage, shot down four of them. His courage in pressing home these attacks in the face of a superior number of enemy planes, and the skill which he exhibited in destroying them, was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0960 (July 6, 1945)
Home Town: New York, New York


BARNES, ROBERT JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert James Barnes, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned the Japanese battleship MUSASHI as a target, Ensign Barnes defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Barnes and the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 6, 1919 at San Bernardino, California
Home Town: Pasadena, California


BARNES, ROBERT M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert M. Barnes, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED EIGHT (VPB-108), in action against enemy forces on Japanese-held Marcus Island on 9 May 1945. Flying through extremely hazardous weather to participate in a strike against this enemy stronghold, Lieutenant Barnes braved intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from enemy gun emplacements and rifle fire which riddled his plane to press home his attack at a minimum altitude. Gallantly fighting his plane, he assisted in the destruction of two grounded enemy planes, strafed and bombed enemy installations with highly damaging results and inflicted severe casualties on hostile troops. His skilled airmanship, indomitable fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: September 8, 1912 at Concord, New Hampshire
Home Town: Cambridge, Massachusetts


BARNES, STANLEY MAITLAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stanley Maitlan Barnes, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron FIFTEEN (MTB-15), during the Tunisian and Sicilian Campaigns from 1 August 1943 to 20 August 1943. Lieutenant Commander Barnes ably administered, trained and courageously operated his squadron during the enemy's evacuation of Tunisia, and the preparatory phase, assault and final operations of the occupation of the Island of Sicily. PT boats of this squadron executed patrol and reconnaissance missions which were of inestimable value to our own forces. They also carried out many daring and damaging raids on shipping, seriously disrupting enemy sea communications. On many of these occasions, the task group was personally commanded by Lieutenant Commander Barnes whose skillful and fearless leadership was responsible for the outstanding success attained. Between 1 and 20 August 1943, he directed offensive sweeps along the North Coast of Sicily which culminated in the capture of the Eolie Islands and stoppage of enemy sea borne traffic thereby contributing materially to the rapid success of the SEVENTH Army towards Messina. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Commander Barnes were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Home Town: New Canaan, Connecticut


BARNES, WILLIAM WESLEY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Wesley Barnes, Jr. (0-83902), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), on 4 June 1942 during the "Air Battle of Midway," while flying combat air patrol over our surface ships. In company with his section leader, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barnes, in company with his Section Leader, pressed home the initial attack against an 18-plane formation of Japanese dive-bombers and fighters and on this single attack he shot down the leading enemy bomber and damages another. This courageous action marked the beginning of the utter confusion which quickly developed among the attacking Japanese planes as he repeated his aggressive attacks. Other friendly fighters subsequently rushed in to assist in the rout of the enemy planes whose objective was obviously our surface ships, including the U.S.S. YORKTOWN, which were only a short distance away. Through his skill and daring Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barnes personally shot down one and damaged two other enemy dive-bombers and one type "Zero" enemy fighter. In making his repeated attacks against the enemy planes, his own plane was severely damaged by machine gun fire from enemy planes; however, despite this grave difficulty he brought his plane back and landed it safely aboard a carrier. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barnes' courage, determination and utter disregard of personal safety were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3277 (August 16, 1942)
Born: March 19, 1914 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Lansdowne, Pennsylvania


*BARNETT, MARSHALL DAVID, JR. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Marshall David Barnett, Jr. (0-264306), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barnett fought his plane boldly and with relentless determination despite accurate and intense antiaircraft fire during a brilliantly executed attack on a Japanese light cruiser. With his plane badly damaged by a burst of hostile fire in the execution of his dive, he continued his same daring tactics and released his bomb load at perilously low altitude to score a direct hit on the enemy ship. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barnett contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 340 (July 1945)
Born: April 15, 1922 at Dallas, Texas
Home Town: Dallas, Texas


*BARNEY, BERNARD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bernard Barney, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. CONY (DD-508), in action against the enemy during the occupation of the Treasury Islands in the Solomons, on 27 October 1943. When the CONY sustained two direct hits on her main deck killing 8 of her men and wounding 10, while being attacked by about 25 enemy bombers, Seaman Second Class Barney assisted in bringing the raging flames under control. Although fatally burned, he then volunteered for the repair party and contributed materially to the survival of his ship in an extremely critical encounter. The conduct of Seaman Second Class Barney throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Born: January 26, 1924 at Brighton, New York
Home Town: Brighton, New York


BARNITZ, JAMES WANNER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Wanner Barnitz (0-121699), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. Leading a three-plane section Lieutenant Barnitz executed a determined attack in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from the entire enemy disposition, and obtained a direct hit on a battleship of the YAMATO Class. Lieutenant Barnitz' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0485 (December 19, 1944

BARNITZ, JAMES WANNER
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to James Wanner Barnitz (0-121699), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay in the Island of Luzon of the Philippine Group. On this occasion, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Barnitz courageously pressed an attack upon an enemy heavy cruiser of the NACHI Class. He made a direct hit upon this target which together with other hits in subsequent attacks led to the sinking of this vessel. Lieutenant Barnitz's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0682 (December 30, 1944)
Born: May 10, 1920 at Indianapolis, Indiana
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BARNUM, JACK P.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack P. Barnum, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Campaign on 24 August 1942. In an unsupported aerial torpedo raid against a Japanese task force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Barnum pressed home his attack through a bursting hail of fire from hostile anti-aircraft batteries. He contributed to the relentless fighting spirit and aggressive courage which enabled his squadron to score one certain hit and two estimated hits on an enemy aircraft carrier. His superb airmanship and unyielding devotion to duty aided greatly in the defeat of a persistent foe and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: April 13, 1916 at Youngstown, Ohio
Home Town: Poland, Ohio


*BARON, RICHARD S. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Richard S. Baron (0-058842), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as District Issuing Officer on the Staff of the Commander in Chief, SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands, during the bombardment of that station by enemy Japanese forces on 10 December 1941. Lieutenant Commander Baron entered a burning building at considerable risk to his life to recover confidential publications and carry them to safety to prevent their loss or the possibility of their falling into enemy hands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: January 22, 1901 at Lowell, Massachusetts
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


BARR, ERIC LLOYD, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eric Lloyd Barr, Jr. (0-73345), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLUEGILL (SS-242), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 1 April 1944 to 1 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. While Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLUEGILL on war patrol in enemy controlled waters, Commander Barr adeptly and daringly maneuvered his ship into firing position and by torpedo fire sank an enemy cruiser of the YUBARI class and one enemy merchant ship, with a total of 13,558 tons. Despite the great mental and physical strain n the long patrol in enemy waters he maneuvered his ship with great skill to press home the repeated attacks. Further, he maneuvered his ship away from the actions and prevented any damage to his ship by enemy anti-submarine vessels. Commander Barr's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet, Serial 01640 (June 23, 1944)

BARR, ERIC LLOYD, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Eric Lloyd Barr, Jr. (0-73345), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. BLUEGILL (SS-242), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 18 September to 25 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Sulu Sea and in the area off Manila, Philippine Islands. Throughout the entire patrol, Commander Barr displayed exceptional aggressiveness and great courage and skill in directing his submarine in six torpedo and two gun attacks against the enemy. He repeatedly attacked under the most intense enemy countermeasures, and was responsible for the arrival of another submarine who together with BLUEGILL, completely annihilated an enemy convoy. In two gun attacks, a coastal steamer was destroyed and two sea trucks heavily loaded, were damaged. Two other attacks were attempted. In the first, all torpedoes missed because of a radical zig on the part of the target; the second attack was frustrated by air cover which resulted in a very severe depth charge attack, during which flames from the exploding charges entered the torpedo loading hatch. Commander Barr's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet, Serial 01140 (April 3, 1945)
Born: May 2, 1912 at New London, Connecticut
Home Town: New London, Connecticut
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BARRE, LESTER JOHN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lester John Barre, Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. Surrounded by electrical fires, Quartermaster Second Class Barre worked tirelessly and with unflinching courage to free the jammed rudder and to lock it amidships. The conduct of Quartermaster Second Class Barre throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 9, 1914 at Orange, Texas
Home Town: Orange, Texas


BARTHOLOMEW, ALBERT A
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert A Bartholomew, Carpenter, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. CHICAGO (CA-29), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Rennell Island, Solomon Islands, on 29 and 30 January, 1943. During an attack on his ship by Japanese aircraft, Carpenter Bartholomew became aware of the perilous threat to the buoyancy and stability of his ship. Without thought for his own safety, he voluntarily entered a compartment flooded with about 5 feet of fuel oil and water, swimming nearly 30 feet through the liquid in a heavy concentration of oil fumes, in order to close a watertight door. The conduct of Carpenter Bartholomew throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 315 (June 1943)
Born: July 12, 1915 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Honolulu, Hawaii


BARTLES, EDWARD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward C. Bartles, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber, in operations against the enemy at the Japanese Naval Anchorage, Kure, Honshu, Japan, on 24 July 1945. While flying as wingman, Ensign Bartles skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in determined attacks against an enemy battleship, and in the face of intense and heavy anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and ground installations, scored a direct large-caliber bomb hit which contributed materially to the destruction of this vessel. On retiring from the target through anti-aircraft fire he and his section leader attacked and strafed two cargo vessels, 150 gross tonnage, south of the target, sinking one and damaging the other. Ensign Bartles' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01838 (September 17, 1945)


BARUZZINI, JOSEPH LOUIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Louis Baruzzini, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Kure Area of the Inland Sea of Japan, on 28 July 1945. Braving intense anti-aircraft fire from the enemy warships and shore batteries, Ensign Baruzzini executed a bold glide-bombing attack against the Japanese cruiser TONE to score a direct hit on the enemy vessel and contribute materially to the success of his squadron in beaching it. His expert airmanship, indomitable spirit and devotion to duty throughout reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baruzzini and the United States Naval Service.


BASH, TOM BRUCE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Tom Bruce Bash (0-83383), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces on 8 May 1942, in the Air Battle of the Coral Sea. In spite of heavy antiaircraft fire and concerted enemy fighter opposition, Ensign Bash closed to within a few hundred yards of the target to execute a fearless and determined attack. Scoring a hit on an enemy aircraft carrier, he thereby contributed to the severe damage and probable destruction of the vessel and aided materially in the success of the operation. Ensign Bash's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Born: September 12, 1914 at Mendon, Missouri
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri


BASKETT, THOMAS S.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas S. Baskett (0-74924), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TAUTOG (SS-199), a United States submarine, during the ELEVENTH war patrol of that vessel in enemy controlled waters during the period from 17 April 1944, to 21 May 1944. Despite extremely adverse weather conditions and strong enemy counter-measures, which included air support, Lieutenant Commander Baskett skillfully penetrated the strong enemy escort screens, and through his daring and aggressive determination, delivered smashing torpedo attacks against enemy shipping. As a result of these well-planned and brilliantly executed attacks he successfully sank four enemy freighters totaling 20,500 tons. Although severely depth-charged by enemy escorts, his skillful evasive tactics enabled him to escape and bring his ship to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 03596 (July 30, 1944)

BASKETT, THOMAS S.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Thomas S. Baskett (0-74924), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TENCH (SS-417), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 12 May 1945 to 17 June 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. With exceptional aggressiveness, great daring and a courageous spirit, Lieutenant Commander Baskett took advantage of every opportunity to inflict damage upon the enemy and delivered smashing torpedo and gun attacks which resulted in the sinking of four enemy ships and five small craft, for a total of 16,00 tons. He skillfully avoided extensive enemy counterattacks and brought his submarine back to port safely. Lieutenant Commander Baskett's conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Submarine Force Pacific Fleet, Serial 02175 (August 31, 1945)
Born: September 4, 1913 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Webster Groves, Missouri
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BASORE, HARRY HARRISON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harry Harrison Basore (0-83384), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane as Acting Commanding officer of Fighting Squadron SEVENTY-FOUR (VF-74), embarked from the U.S.S. KASAAN BAY (CVE-69), during the Allied invasion of Southern France in August 1944. In the period 15 August 1944, until 30 August 1944, Lieutenant Basore led with great skill and courage, ten offensive missions against enemy strong-points, motorized concentrations, and lines of communications. These flights were made in the face of intense, accurate gunfire from the ground but, nevertheless, were successful in causing large damage and creating much confusion among the enemy. While the leader of an eight-plane flight up the Rhone River on 27 August 1944, Lieutenant Basore made a solo reconnoitering run through heavy gunfire in the vicinity of Montelimar at an extremely low altitude in order to obtain needed information on the identity and movements of a heavy concentration of enemy motor transports in that area. This information could not be obtained from a safe altitude and he, refusing to endanger the pilots under his command, voluntarily directed them to remain aloft while he dove his plane at high speed through intense fire to a low altitude. Although his plane was hit by anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Basore obtained and accurately reported by radio, the desired information and subsequently returned safely with his flight to his carrier. As a direct result of his heroism and exceptional airmanship, valuable information concerning the movements of enemy ground forces was promptly reported. The skillful airmanship, courageous and determined action, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Basore were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, 8th Fleet: Serial 5674 (November 16, 1944)
Born: June 22, 1916 at Kingston, Arkansas
Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri


*BASS, HARRY BRINKLEY (KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harry Brinkley Bass, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Bass pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bass' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

*BASS, HARRY BRINKLEY (KIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Harry Brinkley Bass, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bass, leading a flight of his squadron, dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bass' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: July 4, 1916 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Prescott, Arkansas
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart


*BASS, HORACE ANCEL, JR. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Horace Ancel Bass, Jr. (0-106125), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Ensign Bass, while on combat air patrol over our ships, in company with his section leader attacked a large group of enemy dive-bombers which were attempting to attack our ships. While making their attack on the enemy dive-bombers, Ensign Bass and his section leader were attacked by an enemy dive-bomber that had been forced to jettison his bomb and an enemy type Zero fighter. In this action, with marked coolness and great skill, Ensign Bass maintained his position as protection against planes attacking his leader from the rear. He shot down the attacking dive-bomber and damaged the enemy fighter. His daring and skill further rendered it possible for his leader to shoot down another enemy dive-bomber. His own plane was hit several times by the machinegun fire from the enemy planes. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Ensign Bass were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3277 (August 16, 1942)
Born: September 22, 1915 at Roanoke, Virginia
Home Town: Roanoke, Virginia


BASS, RAYMOND HENRY
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Raymond Henry Bass (0-70221), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PLUNGER (SS-179), on the SIXTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period April to May 1943, in enemy controlled waters. By his skill, courage and aggressiveness, Lieutenant Commander Bass delivered torpedo attacks against an escorted convoy of five ships which resulted in sinking three of the ships and severely damaging two. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Bass brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01623 (July 11, 1943)

BASS, RAYMOND HENRY
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Raymond Henry Bass (0-70221), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PLUNGER (SS-179), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 14 January 1944 to 8 March 1944, in enemy controlled waters. With courage, skill and determination Lieutenant Commander Bass aggressively attacked heavily escorted enemy convoys. Despite severe enemy air and surface counterattacks, he tenaciously pursued his targets and launched successful torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of four enemy ships totaling over 22,500 tons. Although severely depth-charged by the thorough and persistent counterattacks, his outstanding evasive tactics enabled him to bring his ship to port undamaged. Lieutenant Commander Bass' conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 02267 (June 2, 1944)
Born: January 15, 1910 at Eagelette, Arkansas
Home Town: Thornton, Arkansas
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BASS, ROBERT WILLIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Willis Bass (0-8298294), Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Member of a Naval Combat Demolition Unit of the 7th Beach Battalion, during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Gunner's Mate Second Class Bass and his crew, although subjected to heavy artillery, machine gun and rifle fire, succeeded in blowing a fifty-yard gap through the beach obstacles. As a result of enemy fire seven of the twelve-man crew were killed or wounded and a large share of the extra work fell on Bass who performed the duties coolly and capably without regard to personal safety. Upon completion of the mission Gunner's Mate Bass further exposed himself to enemy fire and was wounded himself while carrying injured crew mates to safety. His display of courage and devotion to duty on this occasion reflects the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Naval Forces, Europe: Serial 7562 (September 7, 1944)
Born: December 17, 1924 at Columbia, South Carolina
Home Town: Durham, North Carolina


BASS, STEWART
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stewart Bass (0-31559), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane, in action on 7 April 1945, in operations against major units of the Japanese fleet off Kyushu, Japan. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bass participated in a difficult and daring attack which sank a Japanese light cruiser. Flying by instruments through a heavy overcast, he broke through the clouds only to be caught in a cone of intense anti-aircraft fire. Notwithstanding, he pressed home his attack to point-blank range and scored one of the five direct hits which caused the vessel to roll over and sink a minute later. While retiring, his plane was subjected to continued and intense anti-aircraft fire from the cruiser and an escorting destroyer, but by superior airmanship, he brought his plane and crew through unscathed. His skill, daring, and utter disregard for personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0508 (June 26, 1945)


*BASSETT, EDGAR R. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edgar R. Bassett (0-85741), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against Japanese forces during the period 4 to 8 May 1942. As a wingman in the division of fighters sent to protect our own aircraft bombing and torpedoing ships at Tulagi on 4 May, Ensign Bassett assisted his section leader in an attack on three enemy seaplanes and succeeded in shooting down one of them. Shortly following this action he participated in a strafing attack, pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire resulting in the setting afire and internal damaging of an enemy destroyer. On 7 May he piloted an airplane of the fighter escort for our Torpedo Planes in an attack on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea. He assisted his section leader in driving off enemy fighter attacks on our Torpedo Planes in which action four enemy planes were shot down. This effective protection allowed our Torpedo Planes to launch torpedoes and return from their attack unharmed and resulted in the sinking of the enemy carrier. That evening he accompanied a group of our fighters which attacked and dispersed a formation of enemy scout planes and backed up his section leader in shooting down one enemy plane. On 8 May, in the Coral Sea, while pilot of a fighter in the combat air patrol, he engaged enemy fighters which appeared over our forces and assisted his section leader in their destruction. Ensign Bassett's outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Born: March 10, 1914 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Hartsdale, New York


BATES, FREDERIC LEESON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederic Leeson Bates, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron EIGHT (VB-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the "Air Battle of Midway," on 6 June 1942. With utter disregard for his own personal safety and in the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bates participated in determined and effective bombing and strafing attacks on fleeing enemy Japanese forces, obtaining a successful hit on one of the enemy ships. His airmanship, courage and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 10, 1913 at Ontario, California
Home Town: Long Beach, California


BATES, RICHARD SIMS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Sims Bates, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron THIRTEEN (VT-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), during action against enemy Japanese Fleet units in the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. A daring and intrepid airman, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bates dauntlessly braved withering hostile antiaircraft fire to launch a smashing aerial torpedo attack against the enemy and, by his relentless determination and indomitable courage, succeeded in scoring a devastating hit on a Japanese battleship. His superb skill as an airman, resolute fighting spirit and brilliant combat tactics throughout this period of intense aerial activity reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Bates and the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 28, 1921 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Norfolk, Virginia


BATES, RICHARD WALLER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Waller Bates (0-9027), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Chief of Staff to a Flag Officer in Command of the Allied Forces in action against the enemy at the Battle of Surigao Strait, Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, 25 October 1944. By his wise counsel and assistance in the preparation of all plans, by keeping the Officer in Tactical Command informed relative to the current tactical situation and by his courage, aggressiveness, and determination under fire, he gave encouragement to the staff and to all with whom he came in contact during the action. Captain Bates rendered a contribution which was instrumental in the success of this difficult operation. His conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 13680 (December 7, 1944)
Born: January 16, 1892 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: Alameda, California


BATES, WILLIAM CARELTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Carelton Bates, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTEEN (VT-18), embarked from the U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bates successfully carried out his attack and scored a direct torpedo hit on an enemy carrier. He carried out his action without regard for personal safety. His coolness, courage, and skill were inspiring and at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01092 (July 6, 1945)


BATTEN, HUGH NASH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Hugh Nash Batten (0-326456), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against the enemy on Combat Air Patrol over our Task Force operating in the vicinity of Okinawa on 6 April 1945. During this flight Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Batten initiated an attack against nine enemy fighters and shot down four of them. His courage and skill in pressing home an attack against forces greatly superior in number was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0960 (July 6, 1945)


BATTEN, ROLLIN MORGAN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rollin Morgan Batten, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of Navy Observation Scout Plane, engaged in a rescue mission off Guam on 4 July 1944. With utter disregard for his own safety, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Batten fearlessly brought his plane down within a mile of many shore batteries, and, in the face of an intense barrage directed at him by the enemy guns, proceeded calmly and deliberately to rescue a downed pilot and his crewman who were swimming in the water and also under enemy gunfire. His intelligent and courageous appraisal of the situation was responsible for the successful rescue, after which he took off cross-wind with the additional load, under extremely difficult circumstances. His purpose was carried out chiefly by virtue of his own bravery and his conduct was thoroughly in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 00322 (July 18, 1944)
Born: March 27, 1916 at Denver, Colorado
Home Town: Caldwell, New Jersey


BAUER, LOUIS H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis H. Bauer (0-74997), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of FIGHTING SQUADRON SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the Solomon Islands campaign of August 1942. Lieutenant Bauer led his squadron in strafing shore objectives and in aerial combat against enemy aircraft with such boldness, determination, and skill that he and his squadron shot down a total of 41 enemy aircraft. His keen judgment in selecting his flight leaders and his personal courage and tenacity in the face of enemy aircraft opposition were superlative and in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3954 (October 30, 1942)
Born: September 22, 1911 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


BAUHOF, WILLIAM ROSS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Ross Bauhof (0-157922), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane, in action on 19 June 1944, in operations near the Marianas Islands. When our naval forces were heavily attacked by large numbers of enemy carrier-based planes, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bauhof pressed home determined attacks upon the enemy formation in the face of severe enemy fighter opposition, and single-handed shot down two enemy dive bombers, one fighter and one Torpedo Plane, and assisted in destroying another Torpedo Plane. His repeated attacks were so decisive as to materially aid in breaking up the enemy attacks and in establishing air superiority for our forces. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)
Born: March 29, 1922 at Lockhart, Texas
Home Town: Lockhart, Texas


BAUSINGER, ROBERT J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert J. Bausinger (0-395247), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane, in action on 28 July 1945, at the Kure Naval Base in the heart of the Japanese homeland. Ensign Bausinger pressed home his attack in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire of all calibers. He persisted in his attack even though hit while in his dive, shrapnel penetrating the cockpit of his plane as well as gear on his person. By scoring a direct hit on an enemy battleship he contributed materially to the success of the Task Force attack. His skill, determination and heroic conduct were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0952 (October 11, 1945)


*BAXTER, EUGENE EDWARD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Eugene Edward Baxter (0-3808979), Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman attached to the First Battalion, Second Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Guadalcanal, during the Solomon Islands Campaign from 7 August 1942 to 3 November 1942. On 9 October 1942, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Baxter displayed unusual valor and bravery while rescuing survivors lost when a Personnel Boat capsized in Lengo Channel off Guadalcanal. At that time he spent over an hour in shark-infested waters and personally accounted for ten of the fourteen survivors that were saved. On 3 November 1942 during the offensive against the Japanese beyond the Matanakau River on Guadalcanal, Pharmacist's Mate Baxter was killed while carrying a wounded Marine out of a ravine in the face of persistent enemy fire. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Baxter undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander, Southern Pacific Forces and Area: Serial 2977 (August 28, 1943)
Born: June 30, 1914 at Anaheim, California
Home Town: San Diego, California


BAXTER, FREMONT HARRISON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Fremont Harrison Baxter (0-130029), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Bomber in Composite Squadron THIRTY-SEVEN (VC-37), embarked from the U.S.S. SANGAMON (CVE-26), in operations against superior enemy surface units threatening our forces in near Samar in the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. After scoring a torpedo hit on an enemy heavy cruiser east of Samar Island, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baxter obtained vital tactical information on the enemy force and delivered it to the officer in tactical command. He then led an attack on another enemy heavy cruiser north of Samar and inflicted two damaging hits. These actins were carried out in a conspicuously heroic manner. By pressing home these aggressive attacks in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire with perseverance, skill and courage, his actions were greatly instrumental in the defeat of the enemy. His outstanding conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0815 (February 21, 1945)
Born: April 21, 1918 at Larned, Kansas
Home Town: Larned, Kansas


BAXTER, JAMES LANDRON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Landron Baxter, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Ensign Baxter pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy battleship to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 2, 1923 at Texarkana, Texas
Home Town: Texarkana, Texas


BAXTER, LOREN EDWIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Loren Edwin Baxter (0-363436), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in the action against major enemy fleet units in the Inland Sea of Japan, on 24 July 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Baxter skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a dive bombing attack against an enemy battleship. He pressed home his attack despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)


BAYERS, EDWARD HOWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Howard Bayers (0-103058), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Section Leader of Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Sighting two Zero Fighters on 4 June, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bayers, with bold aggressiveness and great personal risk, pressed home a persistent attack against these enemy aircraft until he had shot the leader down in flames. While diving to escape the surviving wingman, who had out- maneuvered him and gained the offensive, he sighted a Japanese Torpedo Plane approaching the U.S.S. YORKTOWN. Too intent upon protecting our aircraft carrier to be deterred by the threatening proximity of the enemy fighter, he intercepted the Torpedo Plane and destroyed it. Again, on 6 June, as member of an attack group assigned to repel a Japanese naval force, he defied a fierce barrage of concentrated antiaircraft fire to strafe and seriously damage an enemy destroyer. His superb initiative and expert airmanship aided greatly in the success of the United States forces.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3013 (July 16, 1942)
Born: January 23, 1909 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: Bethany Beach, Delaware


BAYLEY, FRANK S., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank S. Bayley, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Rescue Ship U.S.S. ROCKVILLE (EPCER-851), in operations against the enemy from April 1945 to June 1945, during the amphibious assault and capture of Okinawa. Demonstrating outstanding skill, inspiring leadership, and unfailing determination, Lieutenant Commander Bayley ably brought his ship to rescue survivors of burning and sinking vessels despite the hazards of frequent and violent air attacks by the enemy. He contributed materially to the success of a dangerously difficult operation in a conspicuously heroic manner. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific: Serial 03189 (December 3, 1945)


BEACH, EDWARD LATIMER, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Latimer Beach, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Executive Officer, Navigator and Assistant Approach Officer on board the U.S.S. TIRANTE (SS-420), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 3 March 1945 to 25 April 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the East china Sea. Lieutenant Commander Beach rendered valiant service to his commanding officer in penetrating mined and shoal-obstructed shallow waters in defiance of hostile shore-based radar stations and aircraft. By his excellent judgment and keen understanding of attack problems, he aided immeasurably in sending torpedoes into targets with deadly accuracy and contributed to the sinking of three Japanese cargo ships, one large transport, a hostile tanker, three patrol frigates, and one lugger, totaling 28,000 tons of shipping vital to the enemy's ability to prosecute the war. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Beach assisted in bringing his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 345 (December 1945)
Born: April 20, 1918 at New York, New York
Home Town: Palo Alto, California
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Silver Stars (WWII), Legion of Merit, 2@ Bronze Stars w/V


BEAKLEY, WALLACE MORRIS
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wallace Morris Beakley, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Commanding Officer of an Air Group, embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-7), in action on 7 August 1942, while deployed over Tulagi, in the Florida Island Group of the Solomon Islands. Lieutenant Commander Beakley's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 20, 1903 at Vineland, New Jersey
Home Town: Vineland, New Jersey


BEAN, ROY NEVELLE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy Nevelle Bean (0-337459), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 24 July 1945, in operations in the vicinity of Kure Harbor, Honshu, Japan. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bean participated in a dive bombing attack on enemy heavy naval units, scoring a direct hit on the enemy heavy cruiser with a one-thousand-pound bomb. He daringly and skillfully carried his bomb in through heavy and accurate enemy anti-aircraft fire from the heavy naval units. His courage and disregard for his personal safety were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02067 (October 12, 1945)


BEARDEN, HENRY CLAY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Clay Bearden (0-301183), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned an aircraft carrier as a target, Ensign Bearden defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Ensign Bearden and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 035 (January 20, 1945)
Born: December 10, 1921 at Selma, Alabama
Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee


BEARDMORE, CARLOS M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carlos M. Beardmore (0-383133), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers at the Kure Naval Base on 24 July 1945. Ensign Beardmore skillfully and courageously supported his division leader in a dive bombing attack on an enemy battleship. Despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from the enemy warships and from numerous shore batteries, he pressed home his attack to a perilously low level, scoring a direct hit which immeasurable contributed to critically damaging the battleship and to the success of the Task Force mission. His conspicuous skill and courage were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02018 (October 8, 1945)


BEATTY, FRANK EDMUND
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Edmund Beatty, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. COLUMBIA (CL-56), during a 36-hour period from midnight 30 October 1943 to noon 2 November 1943. During this period Task Force 39 of which the U.S.S. COLUMBIA was a unit, conducted the first daylight bombardment of the Shortland- Faisi-Ballale Area while subjected to heavy enemy shore battery fire and bombing attacks. The Task Force of which the U.S.S. COLUMBIA was a member, further, decisively defeated in night action, a heavier gunned enemy surface force composed of at least 4 cruisers, of which two were 8-inch cruisers, and 8 destroyers of which at least 1 cruiser and 4 destroyers were sunk and the remainder put to ignominious flight towards their bases with 2 cruisers and 2 destroyers heavily damaged and under hot pursuit by our forces. This defeat prevented the Japanese Task Force from bombarding our beachhead at Empress Augusta Bay, and destroying our transport and mine laying groups and thereby materially contributed to the successful establishment of our land and air forces in the Bougainville Island. The Task Force successfully fought off a heavy air attack by at least 67 Japanese dive and medium bombers with the destruction of at least 17 Japanese planes by the ship's anti-aircraft gunfire. During these actions the U.S.S. COLUMBIA received only negligible damage while inflicting severe damage and casualties to the enemy. By his fearlessness, calmness, and gallant determination on the exposed bridge of his ship Captain Beatty set an example of conduct under stress of battle that was an inspiration. His relentless fighting spirit and devotion to duty, maintained at great risk in the face of grave personal danger was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 337 (April 1945)
Born: June 17, 1894 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Coronado, California


BECK, JOHN W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John W. Beck (0-363317), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), and deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan on 28 July 1945. Opposed by intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from ships and shore batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Beck fearlessly and aggressively pressed home a successful glide-bombing attack scoring a direct hit on an enemy heavy cruiser which was subsequently beached to prevent sinking. His cool skill and bravery in executing this attack in the face of heavy opposition were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific, Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)


BECKER, ALBERT L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert L. Becker (0-73434), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. COBIA (SS-245), during that vessel's FIRST War Patrol from 26 June 1944 to 14 August 1944. By his clear thinking and intelligent planning Lieutenant Commander Becker skillfully penetrated strong enemy escort screens to press home aggressive and smartly executed torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of four enemy ships totaling 22,800 tons. His daring and tenacity during two surface gun engagements against an independent enemy vessel and a group of three armed patrol vessels resulted in the sinking of all four for a total of 1,450 tons. His coolness, quick thinking, and excellent seamanship during an attempt by one armed patrol vessel to ram his ship prevented serious damage and enabled him to escape. Although enemy depth-charge counter-attacks were severe and thoroughly conducted, his skillful evasive tactics enabled him to escape and bring his ship back to port with only minor damage. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 05950 (October 26, 1944)
Born: December 3, 1911 at Brokhaven, Mississippi
Home Town: Brookhaven, Mississippi


BECKER, CLAUDE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Claude Becker, Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action during the attack on the Light Cruiser U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by Japanese enemy bombers on 4 February 1942. Seaman Second Class Becker assisted in the removal of powder in the wake of the fire in adjacent compartments. He opened a hot and heavy hatch which permitted men to escape from compartments below the fire. The conduct of Seaman Second Class Becker throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 22, 1918 at Ogden, Utah
Home Town: Ogden, Utah


BECTON, FREDERICK JULIAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Julian Becton, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. LAFFEY (DD-459), in action against enemy Japanese forces off Okinawa, on 16 April 1945. With his ship under savage attack by thirty hostile planes, Commander Becton skillfully countered the fanatical enemy tactics, employing every conceivable maneuver and directing all his guns in an intense and unrelenting barrage of fire to protect his ship against the terrific onslaught. Crashed by six of the overwhelming aerial force which penetrated the deadly antiaircraft defense, the U.S.S. LAFFEY, under his valiant command fought fiercely for over two hours against the attackers, blasting eight of the enemy out of the sky. Although the explosions of the suicide planes and two additional bombs caused severe structural damage, loss of armament and heavy personnel casualties, Commander Becton retained complete control of his ship, coolly directing emergency repairs in the midst of furious combat, and emerged at the close of the action with his gallant warship afloat and still an effective fighting unit. His unremitting tenacity of purpose, courageous leadership and heroic devotion to duty under fire were inspiring to those who served with him and enhanced the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Des Ace, Arkansas


BEEBE, MARSHALL U.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Marshall U. Beebe, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of an carrier-based Navy Combat Plane embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 18 March 1945, while deployed over southern Kyushu, Japan. Lieutenant Commander Beebe led a flight of carrier-based fighter planes on a sweep over that area with the dual mission of destroying any airborne opposition and strafing air fields. During the course of the flight many enemy fighter planes were encountered and he and his squadron shot down a total of twenty-five enemy planes, probably destroyed three more and damaged others. He personally accounted for five enemy planes (fighters), all of which flamed and were seen to crash. During the same flight he led an attack, through anti-aircraft fire, on an airfield which resulted in the destruction of six parked aircraft and damage to airfield installations. His entire flight returned to the carrier without injury to any pilot or serious damage to any of our aircraft. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0792 (July 6, 1945)
Born: August 6, 1913 at Anaheim, California
Home Town: Anaheim, California


BEESON, DONALD RUSSELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald Russell Beeson (0-112005), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane and Division Leader of a Flight of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VT-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in the fleet action in the East China Sea on 7 April 1945. Lieutenant Beeson skillfully and courageously led his division in a low level coordinated torpedo attack against major units of a task force of the enemy fleet including a battleship, cruisers, and destroyers. During the action he attacked the enemy battleship in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit with his torpedo which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0792 (July 6, 1945)


*BEGOR, FAY BROUGHTON (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Fay Broughton Begor (0-182912), Lieutenant, Junior Grade (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as Medical Officer on board the Infantry Landing Craft U.S.S. LCI(L), THREE HUNDRED THIRTY-NINE (LCI(L)-339), that beached in the vicinity of Japanese occupied Lae, New Guinea, on 4 September 1943. Though his ship was attacked repeatedly by enemy aircraft, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Begor courageously continued to care for the wounded in the face of enemy bombing and strafing attacks, with total disregard for his personal safety, until he was fatally wounded. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Begor's professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 7611 (November 26, 1943)
Born: October 15, 1916 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


BEHL, JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Behl (0-379052), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Bomber embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in the attack on major units of the enemy fleet in the Kure Bay area of Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. In the face of extremely intense anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Behl piloted his plane in a glide bombing attack on an enemy aircraft carrier scoring two direct hits with his bombs. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Navy.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0526 (May 4, 1945)


BEHR, WILLIAM ANTHONY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Anthony Behr (0-104827), Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the operations of the U.S. Naval Forces against a Japanese Naval Task Force in the Solomon Islands area on 24 August 1942. Without regard for intense anti-aircraft fire and air opposition Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Behr delivered his dive bombing attack with utmost vigor and heroic determination. In so doing he contributed in an extraordinary measure to the provable destruction of a Japanese aircraft carrier. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3954
Born: March 29, 1920 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri


*BEHREND, CARL WILHELM (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Carl Wilhelm Behrend (334338), Machinist, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. HOUSTON (CA-30), in action on 14 October 1944, off Formosa, when the HOUSTON, received a torpedo hit in the engine space next adjoining his after fireroom battle station. Observing from the upper level by his own flashlight that a group of men was struggling in darkness and rapidly rising water to enter an escape door, he went immediately below to direct an orderly exit and to provide light. Though able at any moment to step to safety he thought only of his men, standing aside for late comers until water rose above his head and blocked his chance of escape. Machinist Behrend's utter disregard of self and resolute sacrifice for others was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 031793 (January 4, 1945)
Home Town: Princeton, New Jersey


BEHRENS, WILLIAM WOHLSEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Wohlsen Behrens (0-55422), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. HOUSTON (CA-30), during enemy air attacks on the evening of 14 October 1944, off Formosa. When his ship was torpedoed, dead in the water and dangerously stricken, Captain Behrens coolly supervised the evacuation of excess personnel, directed effective damage control measures and supervised the ship's being placed in tow by another cruiser. Subsequently his ship was again torpedoed in enemy air attacks on 16 October 1944. Again his cool action and unflagging determination were an inspiration to his officers and men, contributing in a large part to his ship's continued retirement to safety. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0301 (November 30, 1944)
Born: June 6, 1898 at Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Lancaster, Pennsylvania


BELL, DAVID BONAR
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David Bonar Bell (0-78628), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PARGO (SS-264), a United States Submarine, during the SEVENTH war patrol of that vessel from 15 January 1945 through 24 March 1945. Commander Bell's skillfully planned approaches and courageous attacks resulted in sinking extensive enemy shipping. In addition, he successfully conducted several special missions of great importance. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Bell brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04029 (May 6, 1945)

BELL, DAVID BONAR
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to David Bonar Bell (0-78628), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PARGO (SS-264), a United States Submarine, during the EIGHTH war patrol of that vessel in the enemy-controlled waters of the Sea of Japan, during the period 14 July 1945 through 9 September 1945. With great daring and heroic actions, fully realizing the many dangers involved. Commander Bell courageously took his submarine through strong anti-submarine barriers and into the Sea of Japan. Boldly attacking heavily escorted enemy convoys he launched torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking and damaging of over 11,000 tons of enemy shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Bell brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Submarine Force Pacific, Serial 02475 (October 10, 1945)
Born: November 16, 1913 at Fargo, North Dakota
Home Town: Fargo, North Dakota
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BELL, FORREST W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Forrest W. Bell (0-223870), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED FORTY-ONE (LCI(G)-341), a close-in fire support ship operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, on 17 February 1945, while participating in the pre-invasion bombardment of Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands. In the face of heavy fire from Japanese coastal defense guns, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bell skillfully maneuvered his ship close to the beach, directing continued heavy fire on assigned targets in a conspicuously heroic manner. Despite many personnel casualties and serious material damage he continued to fight his ship most effectively until ordered to withdraw. By his courage, skill in combat and determination he contributed materially to the success of a most difficult operation. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bell's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Amphibious Force Pacific, Serial 00409 (May 5, 1945)
Home Town: Lubbock, Texas


BELL, FREDERICK JACKSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Jackson Bell, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. GRAYSON (DD-435), during the Battle of Ontong, Java, against enemy Japanese forces on 24 August 1942. When his ship was subjected to repeated bombing and strafing attacks by enemy dive bombers at very close range, Commander Bell conned his vessel and directed the fire of his battery with outstanding efficiency, destroying at least two Japanese dive bombers and damaging others. Immediately following the engagement and during the night, he conducted a search for lost planes, taking his ship into enemy waters and away from the protections of friendly forces. Courageously exposing himself to attack by hostile air and surface units, he established the identity of the aircraft and, by flashing messages, directed our planes safely to the carriers, which had been forced to retire from the battle area, thereby saving a number of our aircraft from destruction. His devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: September 5, 1903 at Norfolk, Virginia
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland


*BELL, JAMES HENRY (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to James Henry Bell (0-121468), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Section Leader in Bombing Squadron SEVEN (VB-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sulu Sea in the Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying to extreme range from his carrier against major units of the fleet in the Philippine Islands area, Lieutenant Bell plunged to low altitude and pressed home his attack, despite intense anti-aircraft fire, in utter disregard of his own safety and scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01625 (December 4, 1944)
Born: December 19, 1918 at Penville, Indiana
Home Town: Elwood, Indiana


BELL, JOHN JULIUS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Julius Bell, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of a Scout Boat from the Transport Ship U.S.S. Harris (APA-2), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Preceding the assault on Safi on 8 November 1942, Ensign Bell skillfully maneuvered his boat in complete darkness from the transport area eight miles off the coast into position near the main jetty of the harbor. Despite enemy fire, he steadfastly maintained his station and continued to signal directions to the U.S.S. BERNADOU, the U.S.S. COLE, and the leading assault waves, in order to guide them to the harbor entrance and to the nearby beaches. The conduct of Ensign Bell throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: September 8, 1913 at Boonville, Missouri
Home Town: Houston, Texas

BENCE, JOHN F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John F. Bence (5515376), Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a member of the crew of a United States Patrol Craft on 28 March 1945, during pre-invasion operations near Okinawa. When a nearby friendly vessel struck an enemy mine, and was left in a sinking condition, he, after securing permission from his Commanding Officer plunged into the mine infested waters in an effort to aid survivors of the stricken vessel. After assisting six men to safety, another explosion occurred, which scattered burning oil over a large area. Despite his extreme personal danger, Quartermaster First Class Bence continued his life saving efforts until the ship had sunk from view and all survivors were safely aboard his ship. Through his exceptionally conspicuous and meritorious action, he contributed immeasurable to saving numerous lives, and proved to be a source of inspiration to all. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific: Serial 02560 (September 28, 1945)


BENNETT, CARTER LOWE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carter Lowe Bennett, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. PERMIT (SS-178), on the TENTH through TWELFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 23 August 1943 to June 1944, in enemy controlled waters. Fighting his ship with bold, tactical skill, Lieutenant Commander Bennett launched repeated, daring attacks against hostile forces and, maneuvering his vessel for maximum combat efficiency, succeeded in sinking or damaging an important amount of enemy shipping. His efficient and inspiring leadership, maintained despite the great mental and physical strain of prolonged patrols in alien waters, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 43 (November 28, 1945)

BENNETT, CARTER LOWE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Carter Lowe Bennett, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SEA OWL (SS-405), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 19 November 1944 to 15 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters in the Northeastern Part of the East China Sea. Conducting five successful torpedo attacks against Japanese anti-submarine vessels despite shallow waters and heavy enemy air activity, Commander Bennett contributed materially to the success of his ship in sinking a 1,500-ton Japanese destroyer and a 300-ton patrol craft and, executing skillful evasive tactics, he avoided intense enemy anti-submarine measures. By his outstanding leadership, courage and devotion to duty, Commander Bennett upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 02158 (March 15, 1945)
Born: August 8, 1909 at Nashville, Tennessee
Home Town: Nashville, Tennessee
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BENNETT, JOHN EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Edward Bennett, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), during an engagement with Japanese naval forces near Savo Island on the night of 12 - 13 November, 1942. Although suffering great pain from a severe wound sustained at the height of the battle, Lieutenant Bennett, with cool courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety, organized a party to fight fires which were raging in the ship's hanger while that area was still under hostile bombardment. His gallant initiative, maintained at great risk in the face of grave danger, was instrumental in minimizing damage to the ship and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 9, 1918 at Montpelier, Ohio
Home Town: Evanston, Illinois


BENNETT, THOMAS M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas M. Bennett (0-82654), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-SIX (VT-26), embarked from the U.S.S. SANTEE (CVE-29), in operations against the enemy. On 25 October 1944, Lieutenant Commander Bennett led a flight of planes in an attack against a large Japanese force consisting of battleships, cruiser, and escorting destroyers. Despite adverse weather conditions and a dangerously low fuel supply he searched determinedly for this force and upon location, initiated an immediate attack. He pressed home a vigorous attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire of all calibers. The well-coordinated and effective attack inflicted heavy damage on the Japanese vessels and contributed materially to the defeat of the enemy task force. His cool courage, expert professional skill and extraordinary heroism were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 14210 (December 16, 1944)
Born: December 9, 1915 at Eastport, Maryland
Home Town: Annapolis, Maryland


BENNETT, THOMAS MARTIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Martin Bennett, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Inland Sea of Japan, on 24 July 1945. Skillfully maneuvering his plane in a dive-bombing attack against an enemy battleship, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bennett pressed home his attack in the face of intense hostile anti-aircraft fire and succeeded in scoring a direct hit on the target. By his courage and determination in the completion of his mission, he contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His airmanship throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)


BENNETT, WALTER THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Walter Thomas Bennett (2872471), Coxswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as a Volunteer Member of the crew of a Higgins Boat used in the evacuation of a group of Marines from a beachhead on Guadalcanal, in the Solomon Islands, on 27 September 1942. Coxswain Bennett, although he knew that his boat was to be maneuvered into an exposed position for the purpose of drawing enemy fire away from the other boats being used to rescue the trapped Marines, courageously volunteered as a member of the crew. The lightly armed boat was made a target for the enemy fire during the evacuation and Coxswain Bennett was wounded just as the operation was completed. His gallant action, taken without regard for his own safety, contributed directly to the highly successful rescue, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Southern Pacific Force and Area: Serial 0408 (February 10, 1943)
Born: September 26, 1915 at Smith Grove, Kentucky
Home Town: Sugar Grove, Kentucky


BENSON, ROBERT HAINES
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Haines Benson (0-104476), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Ensign Benson took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)

BENSON, ROBERT HAINES
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Haines Benson (0-104476), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands on 24 August 1942. While piloting a bombing airplane, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Benson launched an attack against an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier, contributing effectively to the probable destruction of that vessel. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Benson's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)
Born: March 14, 1920 at San Francisco, California
Home Town: San Francisco, California
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BENSON, ROY S.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Roy S. Benson (0-62578), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TRIGGER (SS-237), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 3 December 1942 to 22 January 1943, in enemy controlled waters of the Sea of Japan. Lieutenant Commander Benson, by his skill and excellent judgment maneuvered his ship, undetected, into an assigned area or laying mines, successfully conducted the mine laying operation and observed the destruction of one 8,400 ton enemy vessel from the mines laid by his submarine. He then carried out aggressive and skillful torpedo attacks resulting in the sinking of 15,271 tons of enemy shipping. Despite enemy counter efforts Lieutenant Commander Benson brought his submarine through without damage to material or injury to personnel. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 32 (1943)

BENSON, ROY S.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Roy S. Benson (0-62578), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. TRIGGER (SS-237), on the FIFTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 30 April 1943 to 21 June 1943, in enemy controlled waters along the Japanese coast line. Lieutenant Commander Benson directed the operations and torpedo fire of his vessel with splendid initiative and expert tactical skill. On one occasion on 28 May 1943, his ship was responsible for severe damaging of an enemy aircraft carrier. Lieutenant Commander Benson contributed greatly to the success of his command in sinking an important amount of Japanese shipping. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Benson brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 324 (March 1944)
Born: December 7, 1906 at Concord, New Hampshire
Home Town: Concord, New Hampshire
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BERG, ADAM WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Adam William Berg (0-278522), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Berg's attack against an enemy fleet oiler was pressed home to a low altitude with determination and skill in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire. He scored direct hits with his bombs and contributed heavily to the destruction of the enemy ship. During retirement his excellent airmanship and coolness were instrumental in frustrating enemy fighters which made repeated attacks against his division. While returning to his own forces, his fuel exhausted, and he was forced to make a water landing in complete darkness. Both he and his air crewman escaped injury and were eventually rescued. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0583 (September 27, 1944)
Born: November 26, 1922 at Ozone Park, Queens, New York
Home Town: Ozone Park, Queens, New York


BERGER, NELS LUTHER ALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Nels Luther Alvin Berger (0-81628), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Berger, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Born: January 15, 1912 at Rembrandt, Iowa
Home Town: Sioux City, Iowa


BERGIN, CHARLES KNIESE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Kniese Bergin (0-61070), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MONSSEN (DD-798), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Although illuminated and subjected to enemy fire, Commander Bergin brought his ship to within short range of heavy enemy vessels, launched a daring torpedo attack which inflicted severe damage on the enemy, and retired without loss or injury. The successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Commander Bergin's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 3d Amphibious Force: Serial 00394 (December 26, 1944)
Born: January 25, 1904 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland


BERKEY, RUSSELL STANLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Russell Stanley Berkey (0-9670), Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Right Flank Commander, Allied Support Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. On board the U.S.S. PHOENIX (CL-46), Rear Admiral Berkey led his ships against the enemy battle-line in a conspicuously heroic manner. By his courage and determination he gave encouragement to his force in a manner that caused his action to be largely instrumental in the success of a most difficult operation. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Rear Admiral Berkey's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 13680 (December 7, 1944)
Born: August 4, 1893 at Goshen, Indiana
Home Town: Tulsa, Oklahoma


*BERKHEIMER, JACK STANLEY (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Jack Stanley Berkheimer (0-325660), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Night Fighter Plane, in action on 24 October 1944, in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands. Ensign Berkheimer intercepted and personally destroyed two enemy aircraft which were attempting to track the Task Force to which his carrier was attached. In spite of very adverse weather conditions, necessitating violent evasive action through clouds and squalls, and in the face of aggressive firing by the enemy, he courageously and persistently pressed home his attack to such close range that fragments from the second exploding enemy aircraft damaged his plane beyond repair. In destroying these aircraft he prevented the enemy from receiving information as to the movements of the Task Force. By his coolness under fire and despite the condition of his airplane he skillfully maneuvered his airplane to a safe night carrier landing. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0832 (December 21, 1944)
Born: July 30, 1924 at Bremerton, Washington
Home Town: Fremont, Ohio


*BERMINGHAM, JOHN MICHAEL (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Michael Bermingham (0-062695), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PEARY (DD-226), during operations in enemy waters of the Philippine Islands and later Dutch Timor waters during the period from 10 December 1941 to 19 February 1942. On 10 December, Lieutenant Commander Bermingham prepared the U.S.S. PEARY for important missions following the bombing attack on the Cavite Navy Yard, and maneuvered his ship skillfully though subjected to numerous intense attacks by enemy bombers and Torpedo Planes, so as to bring her to her destination with a minimum of damage. While moored at Darwin, Australia, on 19 February 1942, the PEARY fought valiantly against prolonged enemy dive bombing attacks until finally, after sustaining five bomb hits, she sank stern first. Lieutenant Commander Bermingham's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command reflect great credit upon himself and are in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 312 (March 1943)
Born: July 6, 1905 at New York, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


*BERRY, BERNARD F. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bernard F. Berry (0-130500), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-FOUR (VT-84), embarked from the U.S.S. BUNKER HILL (CV-17), during an attack against the Japanese Battleship Yamato off Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Displaying great skill and courage, Lieutenant Berry pressed home his torpedo attack and despite extremely intense antiaircraft fire from all caliber weapons on the battleship and the surrounding screen. His plane was very seriously damaged by this fire. His torpedo was one of thirteen dropped in a concerted attack by the squadron, which cored at least nine hits on the battleship almost simultaneously. Without flinching he carried his torpedo in to close range through adverse weather conditions and intense enemy fire which included the main batteries, contributing materially to the complete destruction of the capital ship a short time later. His courage, skill, determination and unswerving devotion to duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01003 (July 9, 1945)
Home Town: Louisiana


*BERRY, DAVID RENDER (KIA)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David Render Berry (0-083340), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on 10 March 1942. Ensign Berry pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on a light cruiser and scored a direct hit resulting in severe damage and probable destruction of the enemy vessel. By his superb airmanship and outstanding courage he contributed to the destruction of the three enemy ships and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)

*BERRY, DAVID RENDER (KIA)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to David Render Berry (0-083340), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Ensign Berry's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

BERRY, DAVID RENDER (MIA-KIA)
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to David Render Berry (0-083340), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Ensign Berry, with utter disregard for his own personal safety, participated in persistent and vigorous attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to the accomplishment of a vastly important objective contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Born: July 13, 1915 at Owensboro, Kentucky
Home Town: Bowling Green, Kentucky
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII), Purple Heart


BERTHOLF, CHARLES MARRINER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Marriner Bertholf (0-73522), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. CALLAGHAN (DD-792), from 25 March to 22 June 1945 in the vicinity of Okinawa. During this period of almost continuous action Commander Bertholf repeatedly placed his ship, with coolness and excellent judgment, and in spit of attacks from enemy planes, suicide boats, submarines and shore batteries, in position where it could be employed most effectively against the enemy. His ship was individually responsible for the destruction of one midget submarine and six enemy aircraft, and assisted in the destruction of many others, while continuing to furnish fire support to our forces ashore and protection to important units of the fleet which materially contributed to the success of our operations against the enemy. His determination, professional skill and heroic conduct were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Destroyers, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04068 (November 15, 1945)


BERTIE, JOHN ROBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Robert Bertie (0-263654), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for heroic conduct, superior airmanship, and utter disregard of personal safety in the execution of his mission as Pilot of a carrier-Based Navy Fighting Plane, assigned to destroy enemy aircraft at Tinian and Saipan Islands, on 22 February 1944. After participating in four strafing runs on enemy airfields, Ensign Bertie destroyed an enemy airborne ZEKE- Type fighter plane. Then, despite wounds in the left arm and left leg from airborne fire and anti-aircraft fire, and in spite of damage to his plane, he engaged and shot down a formation of two more ZEKE-Type fighter planes. He then, without compass, navigated his plane 130 miles back to base by means of the sun. Although weak from loss of blood, and with his left arm incapacitated, he succeeded in manually lowering his flaps and wheels, putting his guns on safety, and landing aboard. His superior airmanship, his aggressiveness and unswerving devotion to duty, and his disregard of personal safety in the execution of his mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01005 (March 16, 1944)
Born: May 17, 1923 at Mitchell, South Carolina
Home Town: Eau Claire, Wisconsin


BESSE, LORNE JACK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lorne Jack Besse, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VB-87), attached to the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kure, Japan, on 24 July 1945. Braving heavy enemy anti-aircraft fire from the ship and shore batteries which began during the approach to the target and continued in intensity throughout the attack and retirement, Lieutenant Besse skillfully pressed home his bombing run against the enemy battleship-aircraft carrier HYUGA, scoring a direct hit with a 1,000-pound bomb and contributing materially to the sinking of the hostile vessel. His airmanship and unswerving devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01812 (September 15, 1945)


BEST, RICHARD HALSEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Halsey Best, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Bomber and Squadron Commander in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Defying extreme danger from concentrated anti- aircraft barrage and powerful fighter opposition, Lieutenant Commander Best, with bold determination and courageous zeal, led his squadron in dive-bombing assaults against Japanese naval units. Flying at a distance from his own forces which rendered return unlikely because of probable fuel exhaustion, he pressed home his attacks with extreme disregard for his own personal safety. His gallant intrepidity and loyal devotion to duty contributed greatly to the success of our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3144 (August 7, 1942)
Born: March 24, 1910 at Bayonee, New Jersey
Home Town: East Orange, New Jersey


BEYER, AARON FREDERICK, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Aaron Frederick Beyer, Jr. (0-71273), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. RAYMOND (DE-341), in a surface engagement with a large task force of the Japanese Fleet near the Island of Samar in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. With outstanding skill, Lieutenant Commander Beyer maneuvered his little ship under intense fire from enemy heavy forces vastly superior in numbers, armament and armor. By his own courage and gallant determination, he gave encouragement to his officers and men during this crucial ordeal. His heroic actions have brought great distinction upon himself and his conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0678 (February 11, 1945)
Born: December 1, 1911 at Tyrone, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


BIGELOW, LAVELL MELDRUM
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to LaVell Meldrum Bigelow, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. In the face of heavy fire from a formation of Japanese cruisers and destroyers, Ensign Bigelow dived his airplane at a light cruiser and obtained a direct hit on it which resulted in serious damage to and probable destruction of that vessel. Ensign Bigelow's courage, skill, and complete disregard for his personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 318 (September 1943)

BIGELOW, LAVELL MELDRUM
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to LaVell Meldrum Bigelow, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in attacks on an enemy carrier in the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Ensign Bigelow's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)

BIGELOW, LAVELL MELDRUM
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to LaVell Meldrum Bigelow, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. Hancock (CV-19), in action against the enemy in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Lieutenant Commander Bigelow skillfully and courageously led a flight of bomber-fighters in a dive bombing attack against major units of the enemy fleet including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers, and destroyers. During the action, he attacked an enemy warship in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and shore batteries. Lieutenant Commander Bigelow scored a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to heavy and extensive damage to the warship which later settled to the bottom of the harbor. Lieutenant Commander Bigelow's skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: November 12, 1917 at Provo, Utah
Home Town: Provo, Utah
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BINFORD, THOMAS H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas H. Binford, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Destroyer Division FIFTY-EIGHT (DesDiv 58), in action against a greatly superior enemy Japanese naval force in the Badoeng Straits off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. Despite the heavy opposing fire of the enemy, Commander Binford, following a well-conceived plan, led his Division through a large, strongly escorted convoy, sank numerous enemy ships with torpedoes, damaged others with gun fire, and successfully retired his Division without major damage to his ship and with only one casualty to his personnel. The conduct of Commander Binford throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 303 (June 1942)
Born: August 25, 1896 at Durant, Mississippi
Home Town: Aberdeen, Mississippi


BINNING, EDWARD G.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward G. Binning, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Patrol Plane Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane in Patrol Squadron THIRTY-ONE (VP-31), based at Naval Air Station St. Lucia, British West Indies, while operating over the waters of the Caribbean Area, on 26 May 1942. While conducting a night antisubmarine patrol, Lieutenant Binning located a submarine on the surface and dropped three depth charges on it in two diving attacks. The submarine appeared to settle slowly in the water in a sinking conditions. The conduct of Lieutenant Binning throughout this action, the first night search and attack on enemy craft, reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 306 (September 1942)
Born: February 6, 1915 at Syracuse, New York
Home Town: New York, New York


BIRCH, ROBERT FEATHERSTONE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Featherstone Birch, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), during an attack against an enemy battleship in the Tokyo Bay Area, Japan, on 18 July 1945. Lieutenant Birch skillfully and courageously pressed his attack home in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire scoring a hit on the target which contributed materially to the severe damage suffered by the warship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)

BIRCH, ROBERT FEATHERSTONE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Featherstone Birch, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Inland Sea of Japan, on 24 July 1945. Leading a Division of nine dive bombers on a strike against an enemy battleship, Lieutenant Birch skillfully maneuvered in the face of intense hostile anti-aircraft fire and, pressing home his attack, scored a direct hit amidships which contributed materially to the subsequent sinking of the warship. His airmanship and determination in the completion of his mission reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Birch and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01863 (September 18, 1945)
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BISHEIMER, ALEXANDER JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Alexander Joseph Bisheimer, Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. EBERLE (DD-430), in action against the enemy in the Atlantic Ocean, on 10 March 1943. When an enemy blockade runner was intercepted, Gunner's Mate Second Class Bisheimer, as a member of a boarding party from the U.S.S. EBERLE, assisted in an effort to salvage her and obtain information regarding the enemy. Despite rapidly spreading fires, he remained on board the Blockade Runner until several explosions rocked the ship and forced him to dive overboard into the water from whence he was recovered. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: July 24, 1922 at Akron, Ohio
Home Town: Akron, Ohio


BISHOP, CLAUDE ULYSSES, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Claude Ulysses Bishop, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a United States Naval Advanced Reconnaissance Party, which was attacked by superior and overwhelming enemy ground forces between Pontorson and Dol, France, on 2 August 1944. Lieutenant Commander Bishop skillfully deployed and directed his men, who were untrained in infantry tactics, so as to prevent the encircling of the Reconnaissance Party and hold off the enemy until reinforcements arrived several hours later to cover the retreat of the party. After the death or injury of the Senior Officers, Lieutenant Commander Bishop assumed command of the party, contributing immeasurably toward saving the lives of the great majority of the naval and military personnel involved. Throughout the action, Lieutenant Commander Bishop did not fail to appreciate the superiority of the opposition and the relative inexperience of his own force and its lack of proper munitions. The orders he gave were clear and well-conceived, and he made sure that every possible officer and man received them. While directing the defense of the party and organizing the withdrawal to safe ground, he remained in dangerously exposed positions, and his gallant action and leadership inspired confidence in those under his command. By displaying such courage and resourcefulness he succeeded in withdrawing the Reconnaissance Party with the minimum of casualties, notwithstanding the overwhelming superiority of the opposition. His intrepidity and courageous leadership were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 12th Fleet: Serial 11306 (November 15, 1944)
Born: April 21, 1906 at Lawrenceburg, Kentucky
Home Town: Arlington, Massachusetts


BITTING, SOULE TRYON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Soule Tryon Bitting, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron TWENTY-SEVEN (VC-27), embarked from the U.S.S. SAVO ISLAND (CVE-78), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Leyte, Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Bitting led his torpedo division through heavy intense anti-aircraft fire, to register two torpedo hits on an enemy Cruiser. His perfect timing and execution caused much damage to the enemy, thereby preventing serious harm to his own forces. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0762 (February 18, 1945)
Born: January 7, 1916 at Grand Rapids, Michigan
Home Town: Grand Haven, Michigan


*BITZEGATO, NORMAN B. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Norman B. Bitzegato (0-383171), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. Ensign Bitzegato skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a bombing attack against a heavy cruiser and scored a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to major damage inflicted on the ship. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 033336 (August 10, 1945)


*BIVIN, VERNARD EUGENE (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Vernard Eugene Bivin (02873843), Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Heavy Cruiser U.S.S. SALT LAKE CITY (CA-25), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island, during the Battle of Cape Esperance, on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Although mortally wounded, Seaman First Class Bivin continued at his post as trainer on a broadside gun until a lull in the battle, performing his duties so well that the other members of his gun crew did not know he had been injured. Even as he collapsed, he was still trying to keep his pointers matched and his gun firing without cessation. His great courage and outstanding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave up his life in defense of his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: November 23, 1921 at Greenville, Kentucky
Home Town: Central City, Kentucky


BJARNASON, PAUL HENRIK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Henrik Bjarnason, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HENRY A. WILEY (DD-749), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa, on 4 and 5 May 1945. With his ship under numerous concentrated and determined attacks by hostile aircraft and Baka bombs, Commander Bjarnason gallantly fought his vessel and directed a skillfully coordinated offensive gunfire to destroy four enemy planes and two Baka bombs. His valiant leadership, courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Commander Bjarnason and the United States Naval Service.


BLACK, CLARENCE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clarence H. Black (0-128964), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while attached to Assault Force "U" engaged in the assault upon the coast of France on 6 June 1944. Although his beach was under incessant enemy artillery fire, his executive officer killed and all personnel ordered to take cover, Lieutenant Black fearlessly exposed himself in order to direct the incoming assault waves to successful landings. By his courageous actions he made possible the beaching of twenty-seven waves of assault craft. The bravery and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Black on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Naval Forces, Europe: Serial 7929 (September 13, 1944)
Born: August 2, 1911 at Beaumont, Texas
Home Town: Houston, Texas


BLACK, JOSEPH COOPER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Cooper Black (0-99955), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Participating in a vigorous strike against major units of the Japanese Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant Black boldly plunged through continuous, intense antiaircraft fire to carry out his attack and, expertly maneuvering to release his torpedo at close range, succeeded in scoring a damaging hit on an enemy battleship. By his superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and courage maintained in the face of tremendous opposition, Lieutenant Black contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage and destruction on the Japanese Fleet in this decisive battle, and his gallant devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0765 (October 30, 1944)

BLACK, JOSEPH COOPER
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Joseph Cooper Black (0-99955), Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Manila Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, on 5 November 1944. Participating in a bold aerial strike against a heavy Japanese cruiser of the NACHI Class, Lieutenant Commander Black pressed home a determined attack to and extremely close range and, despite intense anti-aircraft fire, scored a direct hit on the hostile ship. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0300 (December 21, 1944)
Born: February 24, 1914 at Hohenwald, Tennessee
Home Town: Powell Station, Tennessee
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BLACKBURN, JOHN THOMAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Thomas Blackburn (0-72292), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron SEVENTEEN (VF-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), while participating in aerial flights against the enemy in the New Britain theater. In thirty-two days Lieutenant Commander Blackburn flew thirty combat sorties, twenty-one of which were escort missions or fighter sweeps over the Rabaul area, and on thirteen of which he encountered enemy aircraft. On 26 January, when the bombers which he was escorting were intercepted by more than fifty enemy fighters, he destroyed one of them. On 30 January the light bombers he escorted were aggressively intercepted by twenty enemy fighters. In repeated attacks he destroyed two of them and probably shot down three more. On 9 February he led a flight of eight Corsairs which found an enemy ship at anchor and sank it with machine gun fire. His outstanding devotion to duty, his heroic conduct against numerically superior enemy forces, his daring and aggressive airmanship were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Southern Pacific Forces: Serial 0943 (April 20, 1944)


BLAIR, LEON NELSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leon Nelson Blair (0-57935), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Coordinated Attack Group of Submarines (Submarine Division 44), operating in waters west of the Marianas Islands and in the China Sea, south of Formosa, during the period from 16 May 1944 to 1 July 1944. By his outstanding administrative ability and knowledge of submarine warfare, and as a result of many material contributions and efficient handling of this attack group, the submarines under his command sank eight enemy ships totaling 63,200 tons and damaged two others totaling 11,900 tons. Much of the credit for these submarines' aggressiveness and successful attacks, in spite of severe enemy counter-measures, was largely due to his efficient administration and inspiring leadership in coordinating these submarines into an efficient attack force. Commander Blair's conduct was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04577 (September 3, 1944)
Born: May 17, 1899 at Ogdensburg, New York
Home Town: New London, Connecticut


BLAKE, FRANK WILLIAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank William Blake (0-325981), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber, in action on 24 October 1944, during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea. Ensign Blake participated in an attack which contributed materially to the annihilation of an enemy battleship, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. The action he was part of removed a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0533 (September 11, 1945)


*BLAKELY, EDWARD NOE (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Noe Blakely (0-073372), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SHARK (SS-314), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine, during the period 16 May 1944 to 17 June 1944, in enemy controlled waters west of the Mariana Islands, his first as Commanding Officer. With daring and aggressive determination in the face of unusually strong and alert enemy escorts, which included both air and surface craft, Commander Blakely skillfully executed three well-planned and brilliantly executed torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking of our enemy ships for a total of 32,200 tons and damaging of one 5,600 ton freighter. Skillful evasive action enabled him to escape enemy counter-measures and avoid damage to his ship. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Blakely brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04780 (September 11, 1944)
Born: May 17, 1912 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Brentwood, West Los Angeles, California
Personal Awards: Navy Crosses (WWII), Silver Star (WWII), Purple Heart


BLANCHARD, JAMES W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James W. Blanchard (0-61337), Commander [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ALBACORE (SS-218), during that vessel's NINTH War Patrol in enemy-controlled waters, from 29 May 1944 to 16 July 1944. Commander Blanchard skillfully and aggressive penetration of enemy escort screens maintained around a large enemy task force enabled him to launch a torpedo attack which resulted in the damaging of a large SKOKAKU class aircraft carrier of 29,800 tons. In an excellent and daring surface gun attack he destroyed a 1,000 ton inter- island enemy steamer, and shelled and damaged the phosphate works on Fais Island. His skillful evasive tactics during enemy counter-measures, and strafing and bombing by enemy planes, enabled him to escape and bring his ship to port without damage. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 05480 (October 9, 1944)


BLASER, FREDERICK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick Blaser, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in operations against Japanese Naval Shipping in the Inland Sea of Japan at the Kure Naval Base on 24 July 1945. Ensign Blaser skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in an attack on a battleship-carrier, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit and near miss with his bombs which materially contributed to the sinking of this capital ship. His attack was made with courage and skill, without regard for his own safety and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01849 (September 17, 1945)


BLEDSOE, ALBERT MACQUEEN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert MacQueen Bledsoe (0-17147), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. DENVER (CL-58), in action against enemy Japanese forces from 17 October 1944 to 29 October 1944, when that vessel supported the landings of our forces on Dinagat, Suluan and Leyte Islands. On 24 October the U.S.S. DENVER participated in the defense of Leyte Gulf during the Battle of Surigao Strait, which resulted in the sinking of at least one enemy battleship, a cruiser and six destroyers. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Through his professional skill and capable leadership, Captain Bledsoe's vessel performed all missions assigned to her in a highly efficient manner and contributed materially to our success. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 02465 (March 8, 1945)
Born: August 28, 1896 at Cleburne, Texas
Home Town: San Antonio, Texas


*BLEECH, OTTO ROSS (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Otto Ross Bleech (0-278304), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane, in action on 24 October 1944, during operations against major enemy fleet forces in the vicinity of the Central Philippine Islands. Skillfully flying his plane through extremely intense and accurate anti- aircraft fire Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bleech approached to close range and obtained a torpedo hit on an enemy heavy cruiser causing certain damage. His determination and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0451 (December 17, 1944)
Born: October 23, 1923 at St. Cloud, Florida
Home Town: Pahokee, Florida


BLICK, ROBERT E., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert E. Blick, Jr. (0-57463), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. SANTEE (CVE-29), Captain Blick was engaged in furnishing air support to amphibious attack groups landing on the shore of Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, from 18 to 27 October 1944. On 25 October 1944 his ship was hit by a Japanese suicide dive bomber and shortly afterwards was torpedoed by an enemy submarine. Under his courageous leadership the fire that ensued in the hangar was soon extinguished and the ship proceeded to launch flight after flight against the enemy fleet approaching Leyte Gulf from the east. These planes damaged the enemy ships and contributed to their turning away from the attack on our forces in Leyte Gulf. By his personal courage, skill in combat, and determination, he gave encouragement to his personnel in a manner that caused his actions to contribute to turning away the enemy fleet, thereby helping it win the critical Battle of Samar Island. His conduct throughout was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0193 (January 19, 1945)
Born: July 8, 1899 at Peru, Indiana
Home Town: Michigan City, Indiana


*BLIND, HOWARD JAMES (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Howard James Blind (0-108587), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and intrepidity in the line of his profession upon the occasion of a surfacing accident to the U.S.S. CREVALLE (SS-291), on 11 September 1944. As Officer of the Deck, upon reaching the bridge and observing that the ship was re-submerging with the upper conning tower hatch open Lieutenant Blind fought his way through a torrent of water and with complete disregard of his own safety struggled with the hatch until it was closed, although the ship had submerged at the time to a keel depth of 150 feet. His action was a major contributing factor to the saving of the ship and her crew and undoubtedly cost him his own life. His actions and conduct on this occasion was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 03215 (December 6, 1944)
Born: April 30, 1921 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Casper, Wyoming


BLINN, WELFORD CHARLES (POW)
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Welford Charles Blinn, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. POPE (DD-225), and for extreme courage and complete disregard for his own personal safety in the face of heavy opposition during the Battle of the Java Sea, on the night of 24 - 25 January 1942, in delivering a successful attack upon enemy Japanese forces off Balikpapan, Borneo, Netherlands East Indies. By skillful and precise handling of his ship, Lieutenant Commander Blinn aided in surprising and confusing the superior Japanese forces, and as a result, a great part of the enemy concentration was sunk or damaged by repeated torpedo and gunfire attacks. This action and the high morale of his command reflect most favorably on Lieutenant Commander Blinn's ability a leader and officer, and are in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 12, 1902 at Sparta, Ohio

BLINN, WELFORD CHARLES (POW)
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Welford Charles Blinn, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. POPE (DD-225), in action against enemy Japanese naval forces at Badoeng Straits off the Island of Bali, Netherlands East Indies, on the night of 19 - 20 February 1942. With his vessel illuminated by the enemy, and under heavy gunfire from enemy Japanese cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant Commander Blinn delivered a vigorous attack with guns and torpedoes, scoring several gun hits and at least two torpedo hits on the opposing forces. Following the attack, he displayed fine seamanship and excellent judgment in extricating the U.S.S. POPE from a situation of grave peril, thereby saving the ship from serious damage. This spirit of determination reflects great credit upon Lieutenant Commander Blinn, his command, and upon the United States Naval Service.

BLINN, WELFORD CHARLES (POW)
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Welford Charles Blinn, Captain [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. POPE (DD-225), in the Java Sea on 1 March 1942. Proceeding from Soerabaja as escort for two Allied Warships, Captain Blinn rendered heroic service when a large force of Japanese cruisers and destroyers attacked his formation. Undaunted by the superior firepower, he hurled the full fighting strength of his ship at the oncoming enemy, making full use of every facility at his command in an effort to overcome the attacking warships. With the other Allied ships put out of action during the bitter engagement, and with his own vessel sustaining some damage from enemy shellfire, he executed a strategic withdrawal and retired to the northeast. Within an hour his ship was once more under attack, challenged by enemy bombing planes. Directing a steady stream of deadly anti-aircraft fire against the viciously diving aircraft, he skillfully initiated evasive maneuvers at the commencement of each attack, continuing to give battle until the POPE, shuddering from a near miss on the eleventh bombing run, began to settle as a gaping hole was opened in the port side below the water line, and the port engine rendered inoperative. With but one engine functioning, Captain Blinn directed pre-abandon ship demolition operations and evacuation of the wounded. After the demolition charges had been set off and abandon ship operations completed, he gathered together the survivors in a motor whale boat and life rafts and succeeded in clearing the danger area prior to the POPE's destruction by enemy cruiser fire. His masterly ship-handling, inspiring leadership, and great personal valor in the face of overwhelming odds reflect the highest credit upon Captain Blinn, his command and the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 12, 1902 at Sparta, Ohio
Home Town: New Smyrna, Florida
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BLITCH, JOHN DEVEREUX
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Devereux Blitch (0-77143), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FOURTEEN (VB-14), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. While acting as strike leader of a force of carrier- based aircraft, Lieutenant Commander Blitch led his strike to the absolute maximum range of his dive bombing aircraft in search of units of the Japanese fleet. After sighting a group of enemy tankers but no major combatant units of the enemy force, he then led his flight on a search for enemy carriers fifty miles to the south, well-knowing that the fuel remaining in his dive bombing planes including his own plane would probably not permit a safe return to friendly forces. After failing to find enemy forces to the south, he led his aircraft back to the force of enemy tankers and destroyers and in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, of all types, and enemy fighter opposition, conducted an effective and damaging attack on them with the planes under his control, which resulted in the sinking of two tankers of supply ships, one destroyer, the damaging of two tankers and one destroyer, and the destruction of five enemy aircraft. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Blitch contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0543 (September 16, 1944)
Born: October 14, 1914 at Charleston, South Carolina
Home Town: Charleston, South Carolina


BLOOM, VICTOR A.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Victor A. Bloom (2033539), Motor Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Member of the crew of Motor Torpedo Boat ONE HUNDRED NINETY-ONE (PT-191). From September through December, 1943, Motor Machinist's Mate First Class Bloom participated actively in more than thirty combat patrols against Japanese barge traffic along the north coast of New Guinea and the west coast of New Britain. On these patrols his boat sank or destroyed 10 barges loaded with troops and supplies, 2 sketches, 1 lugger, 1 picket boat, and 2 enemy aircraft, frequently in the face of bitter resistance from the enemy craft and larger caliber shore guns. On three of these occasions his boat was hit by enemy fire. On the morning of 27 December 1943, while effecting a daylight reconnaissance of the coast of New Britain northwest of Arawe, his boat and PT-190 were attacked by 30 to 40 Japanese dive bombers and fighter planes. During the engagement, which lasted 45 minutes, all three of the engines in his boat were hit and damaged. Displaying exemplary coolness and gallantry and in disregard of personal safety he remained at his post although the engine room was filled with fumes from leaking gas and sprayed with hot water from damaged water jackets. With extraordinary skill and presence of mind he maintained all engines in an operative condition throughout the entire action. Perceiving that the gas tanks were hit and leaking he took immediate and successful action to prevent potential fire by shutting off the tank compartment and blanketing it with carbon dioxide. In the course of the action and in addition to his duties as engineer, he administered first aid to two injured members of the crew. The exceptional heroism, intrepidity, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Motor Machinist's Mate First Class Bloom were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0431 (February 26, 1944)
Born: February 14, 1916 at Saugus, Massachusetts
Home Town: Lynn, Massachusetts


BOESE, DONALD AUGUST JOHAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Donald August Johan Boese (0-354687), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VF-81), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in an attack against a major unit of the enemy fleet in the Tokyo Bay Area, on 17 February 1945. In the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Boese skillfully and courageously conducted his aircraft in a fighter-bomber attack against an enemy aircraft carrier, scoring a direct bomb hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0218 (March 20, 1945)
Born: June 16, 1921 at Holloway, Minnesota
Home Town: Holloway, Minnesota


BOGAN, GERALD FRANCIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gerald Francis Bogan, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Task Force 38.2, during offensive operations against enemy Japanese aircraft and shipping in the central Luzon area, in Philippine Waters, on 25 November 1944. When the ships under his command were under heavy enemy aerial attack, Rear Admiral Bogan maneuvered them with such skill and judgment that the least favorable target was presented to the enemy. With three of his carriers damaged, including two bomb hits on his own Flagship, he continued to fight his forces so skillfully and vigorously that eight enemy aircraft were shot down by ship's gun fire and the remaining enemy driven away. The conduct of Rear Admiral Bogan throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01203 (February 4, 1945)
Born: July 27, 1894 at Mackinac Island, Michigan
Home Town: Mackinac Island, Michigan


BOGAN, JAMES DURRWOOD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Durrwood Bogan (0-251400), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bogan pressed home a determined dive bombing attack on a hostile aircraft carrier and, accurately releasing his bomb load at perilously low altitude, scored a direct hit which contributed to its sinking. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bogan contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Born: July 29, 1918 at Coushatta, Louisiana
Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia


*BOLE, JOHN ARCHIBALD, JR. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Archibald Bole, Jr. (0-62013), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. AMBERJACK (SS-219), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine during the period 3 September 1942 to 30 October 1942, in enemy controlled waters. Lieutenant Commander Bole inflicted heavy losses to valuable enemy shipping. By his extraordinary heroism and intrepid and aggressive conduct of the patrol, three enemy vessels totaling 28,000 tons were sunk and two other enemy vessels totaling approximately 17,000 tons were damaged. On 7 October 1942, after damaging an enemy cargo ship, he came to the surface and conducted a determined pursuit for five hours, eventually destroying it in spite of the fact that the enemy was armed with a deck gun. On 10 October 1942, with great gallantry in the face of the enemy he proceeded to Kavieng Harbor and sank the 19,000 tone whale rendering ship Tonan Maru and damaged a 7,000 ton freighter, fully recognizing the dangers involved, but also realizing that the Tonan Maru had been used by the enemy for ferrying planes and was a very valuable target. On 19 September 1942 and again on 10 October 1942, his ship was strenuously depth charged by the enemy, but by the use of cool and skillful evasive tactics Lieutenant Commander Bole was able to escape with only minor damage to the AMBERJACK. Such actions on his part were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Born: March 28, 1906 at Elmhurst, L.I., New York
Home Town: New London, Connecticut


*BOLES, ROGER STANLEY (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Roger Stanley Boles (0-86062), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron NINETEEN (VF-19) embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 24 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. As leader of the fighter cover and support of a strike, Lieutenant Boles flew through hazardous weather over enemy territory to an inland sea area of the Philippine Islands where he led his group in strafing attacks that enabled the bomber and torpedo aircraft that he was escorting to hit and severely damage a battleship and three cruisers. He strafed two battleships and a destroyer from a level of 100 feet, which were firing intense and accurate anti-aircraft, and perceptibly reduced the amount of fire and its accuracy, thus enabling the bombing and Torpedo Planes to complete their attack. Lieutenant Boles outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0765 (October 30, 1944)
Born: February 7, 1917 at Santa Paula, California
Home Town: Santa Paula, California


BOLGER, JOSEPH FRANCIS
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Francis Bolger (0-56908), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), the Flagship of the Task Group, during sustained offensive operations against the enemy from 29 August 1944 to 9 November 1944. On 24, 25, and 26 October 1944, while this Task Group was in air striking distance of the main Japanese Battle Fleet and a large enemy carrier task force, Captain Bolger conducted operations on board his ship in such an outstanding and praiseworthy manner that enabled the full fighting strength of the ship and aircraft to be employed against the enemy forces. His courage and skill as demonstrated on 29 October 1944 when a Japanese plane made a suicide dive landing on the port gun gallery of his ship, was worthy of the highest praise. The efficient and prompt manner in which he immediately instituted measures to extinguish the fire caused by the crash and restore the ship to an immediate combat status was an inspiration to all personnel on board. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0356 (December 8, 1944)

BOLGER, JOSEPH FRANCIS
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Joseph Francis Bolger (0-56908), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. INTREPID (CV-11), during operations in Philippine waters when his ship was attacked by a heavy force of Japanese aircraft on 25 November 1944. With exceptional efficiency, Captain Bolger directed his ship after two enemy planes crashed on the flight deck. By his prompt actions he not only held losses to a minimum, but also provided sustained antiaircraft fire against continued aerial bombard. Captain Bolger's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 342 (September 1945)
Born: May 25, 1898 at Adams, Massachusetts
Home Town: Coronado, California
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BOLSER, GORDON E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Gordon E. Bolser, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of an airplane, and for extraordinary courage and disregard of his own safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on 7 December 1941. Although contact with the enemy meant almost certain destruction and despite the lack of any armament in this type plane, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bolser voluntarily piloted a JRS amphibian plane, equipped only with Springfield rifles in search for and to obtain information of the enemy forces. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bolser's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 21, 1910 at Boston, Massachusetts
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


BOMBERGER, GEORGE KREIDER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Kreider Bomberger (0-116793), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Section Leader in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Leading his section in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant Bomberger scored a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier which contributed to its sinking. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant Bomberger contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Born: April 8, 1917 at Lebanon, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Lebanon, Pennsylvania


BONZAGNI, HENRY VINCENT, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Vincent Bonzagni, Jr. (0-11500), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane, while leading a division of fighter aircraft against the enemy during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. Lieutenant Bonzagni successfully led his division on two strike missions and in cooperation with bombing and Torpedo Planes inflicted heavy damage on major units of the enemy fleet. He personally strafed an aircraft carrier which was left in a burning and sinking condition. This was accomplished through intense anti-aircraft fire. Again the same day he led his division in a strafing and bombing attack against an enemy battleship. He led his fighters in extended strafing attacks on nearby enemy cruisers and destroyers which were greatly hindering our bomber and torpedo aircraft by their concentrated anti-aircraft barrage. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 07806 (October 30, 1944)
Born: May 1, 1918 at Revere, Massachusetts
Home Town: Melrose, Massachusetts


BOOTH, CHARLES T., II
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles T. Booth, II, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron FORTY-ONE (VF-41), embarked from the U.S.S. RANGER (CV-4), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco, from 8 to 11 November 1942. Attacked by sixteen hostile fighters while raiding the Gazes airdrome, Lieutenant Commander Booth and his flight of eighteen planes shot nine of the interceptors out of the sky, damaged another, and destroyed fourteen aircraft on the ground. In addition to subsequent strafing raids which silenced enemy shore batteries near Port Lyautey and El Hank, he led a flight of eleven planes through a bursting hail of anti-aircraft fire to bombard two surfaced submarines and a light cruiser off Casablanca. Later, Lieutenant Commander Booth led four additional flights in successful attacks against hostile troops, planes in the air, and tank and truck columns. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 12, 1910 at Penacook, New Hampshire
Home Town: Lynn, Massachusetts


BOREN, HOWARD GILMORE, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard Gilmore Boren, Jr. (0-278525), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron FIFTY-ONE (VT-51), embarked from the U.S.S. SAN JACINTO (CVL-30), during the attacks by United States Naval Forces against a large Japanese Task Force of surface ships in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. During his final approach to launch his torpedo on an enemy carrier, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boren received a direct hit from intense enemy anti-aircraft fire which entirely removed his plane's port stabilizer and elevator and riddled its rudder and fin. This hit momentarily caused loss of control of his plane, but by unusual calmness and skill he regained control of his plane, made a 360 degree turn within the enemy screen and launched his attack on an enemy destroyer, obtaining a hit and severely damaging and probably sinking it. By continued good judgment, determination and great skill he successfully brought his plane back safely to base. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0540 (December 21, 1945)
Born: May 17, 1921 at Youngstown, Ohio
Home Town: Hubbard, Ohio


BORLEY, CLARENCE ALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clarence Alvin Borley (0-325881), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces while assigned to a fighter sweep mission against enemy aircraft in the vicinity of Formosa on 12 October 1944. Although greatly outnumbered by enemy aircraft, Ensign Borley, with great determination and skill, attacked and destroyed two enemy fighter airplanes and aided materially in the destruction of several others in aerial combat. He was later shot down by anti-aircraft fire during the same flight, while strafing anti-aircraft positions located near an airfield. Forced to land in the water, he was able to successfully evade capture by the enemy and he was later rescued by friendly forces. During this time in the water, while in his life jacket, he killed two of the enemy in a sampan who were attempting to capture him. His coolness, heroism, courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Untied States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0113 (February 26, 1945)
Born: July 17, 1924 at Williston, North Dakota
Home Town: Yakima, Washington


BORO, FRANK PETER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frank Peter Boro (0-250780), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in action on 26 October 1944, in the Philippine Islands during the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boro scored a direct hit on a rapidly maneuvering Japanese battleship. This hit was definitely confirmed by photographs. The action successfully carried out in the face of accurate anti-aircraft barrage and heavy cloud cover, helped in removing a serious threat to our ground forces in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0533 (September 11, 1945)


BORTZ, KILMER SCHMUCK
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Kilmer Schmuck Bortz (0-116755), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scout Dive Bomber and Division Leader in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. Leading his division in the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Bortz scored a direct hit on the enemy battleship MUSASHI, which caused serious damage. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant Bortz contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)

BORTZ, KILMER SCHMUCK
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Kilmer Schmuck Bortz (0-116755), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber and Division Leader in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Participating in a vigorous strike against a large enemy Task Force, Lieutenant Bortz boldly led his Division in the face of intense and continuous hostile anti-aircraft fire and aerial opposition and, skillfully maneuvering his plane, scored a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier, which contributed materially to its sinking. By his brilliant airmanship, daring initiative and gallant fighting spirit, maintained against tremendous odds, Lieutenant Bortz was instrumental in the infliction of overwhelming damage upon the Japanese Fleet during this historic battle. His outstanding courage and inspiring leadership reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0768 (January 31, 1945)
Born: October 9, 1919 at Akron, Ohio
Home Town: Washington, D.C.
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BOTHNE, ADOLPH M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Adolph M. Bothne, Boatswain, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving on board the Battleship U.S.S. OKLAHOMA (BB-37), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, on 7 December 1941. Upon the U.S.S. OKLAHOMA capsizing within ten minutes after the attack began, Boatswain Bothne pulled himself into a motor launch of which he acted as coxswain. By skillful handling, he succeeded in picking up a boatload of survivors from the water and landed them at Ford Island. He then returned to the vicinity of the U.S.S. OKLAHOMA and rescued another boatload of survivors, all who remained in sight of that area, and landed them at Ford Island also. Thereafter throughout the remainder of the attack, despite severe bombing and strafing, he patrolled the battleship line in search of more survivors. Furthermore, subsequent to the attack, he assisted most efficiently in fighting fires and in the rescue of personnel trapped in the U.S.S. OKLAHOMA. The conduct of Boatswain Bothne throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 304 (July 1942)
Born: April 18, 1905 at LaPorte, Minnesota
Home Town: LaPorte, Minnesota


BOTTJER, GEORGE EVERETT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Everett Bottjer (0-83946), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIVE (VT-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. These attacks, vigorously and persistently pressed home in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, and on 8 May opposed also by enemy fighters, resulted in the sinking or damaging of at least eight enemy Japanese vessels at Tulagi and the sinking of one carrier and the sinking or severe damaging of another in the Coral Sea. Ensign Bottjer's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)
Born: May 22, 1913 at Woodhaven, New York
Home Town: Coronado, California


BOTTOMLEY, HAROLD SIDNEY, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold Sidney Bottomley, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Lieutenant Bottomley took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: October 13, 1915 at Merchantville, New Jersey
Home Town: Merchantville, New Jersey


BOTTS, DOUGLAS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Douglas Botts (2016132), Shipfitter First Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action on 15 October 1942. While a raging fire was in progress, Shipfitter First Class Botts proceeded to and threw overboard hot unexploded shells and unburned powder charges, thereby preventing the explosion of this ammunition and consequent damage to the ship. He continued to combat the fire and search for other ammunition. His exceptional courage and determined actions removed a serious threat of damage to the ship and aided materially in bringing the fire under control. Ship Fitter First class Botts' conduct on this occasion was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3954 (October 30, 1942)
Born: September 24, 1920 at Medford, Massachusetts
Home Town: Roxbury, Massachusetts


BOULWARE, JOE WOOD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joe Wood Boulware, Captain [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, Attack Section THREE, Destroyer Squadron FIFTY-SIX, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Surigao Strait during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on the night of 24 - 25 October 1944. Leading his section through intense and prolonged enemy gunfire in a night torpedo attack against the flank of an advancing column of hostile battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Captain Boulware placed the section in a tactically advantageous position to deliver a well executed attack and retired without damage to his units. This successful attack contributed in large measure to eliminating an imminent and dangerous threat to our transports and other ships in Leyte Gulf. Captain Boulware's high professional skill, forceful leadership, and gallant devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: May 27, 1905 at Perry, Missouri
Home Town: Beverly Hills, California


BOURDON, THOMAS EARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Earl Bourdon (0-305793), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-ONE (VF-81), embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), during an attack against a major unit of the enemy fleet in the Tokyo Bay Area on 17 February 1945. In the face of intense anti- aircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bourdon skillfully and courageously conducted his aircraft in a fighter-bomber attack against an enemy aircraft carrier, scoring three rocket hits which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0218 (March 20, 1945)
Born: September 12, 1921 at Hastings, Michigan
Home Town: Muskegon, Michigan


BOURGEOIS, WILLIAM ARISTHIDE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Aristhide Bourgeois (0-321070), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVENTEEN (VB-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action on 19 March 1945. Participating in an attack on major units of the Japanese Fleet in Kure Bay, Japan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bourgeois dove through extremely intense anti-aircraft fire, scoring a direct hit on an enemy battleship. Recovering from his dive at less than 1,500 feet, he strafed enemy small craft and shore installations while making his retirement. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0510 (May 4, 1945)
Born: September 21, 1923 at Goodhope, Louisiana
Home Town: Goodhope, Louisiana


BOWEN, GEORGE HALDANE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George Haldane Bowen (0-145530), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIXTEEN (VB-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), while assigned to strike major Japanese Fleet Units on 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, in the Philippine Islands. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bowen pressed a dive bombing attack on an enemy aircraft carrier and obtained a direct bomb hit in the face of enemy air opposition and extremely intense and continuous anti-aircraft fire that appreciably contributed to the sinking of same. His courage, daring tactics and fearless devotion to duty were essential factors in the success of our forces and reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bowen and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0766 (October 30, 1944)
Born: May 25, 1919 at Arlington, Virginia
Home Town: New York, New York


BOWEN, JOHN RANDOLPH, II
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Randolph Bowen, II (0-84329), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Bomber and Flight Leader, in action on 28 July 1945, in a bombing strike against enemy warships and installations in and about the Kure Naval Base, Honshu, Japan. As Flight Leader Lieutenant Bowen pressed his attack with coolness and disregard of extreme personal danger. The attack was carried to a low level despite heavy, intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from heavily armed units of the enemy fleet and gun installations about the harbor, which resulted in three direct hits and three near misses on a Japanese Cruiser. He personally scored two direct hits and two near misses on the said cruiser, resulting in severe damage to same. His initiative, leadership, courage, and disregard for personal safety and determination to inflict damage upon the enemy in the execution of this mission were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01954 (September 26, 1945)


BOWEN, PAUL LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Leroy Bowen (199265), Chief Boatswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Flight Deck Boatswain aboard the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28), in action against the enemy on 25 November 1944, off the coast of the Philippine Islands. Chief Boatswain Bowen remained on his post under intense strafing attacks by enemy aircraft. After a violent explosion occurred near him he organized fire-fighting parties and personally led them in the extinguishing of fires in a bomb-laddened Torpedo Plane. Although injured by shrapnel, he heroically continued under further attack to direct fire fighting on the flight deck with disregard for his own personal safety. His inspiring leadership was instrumental in restoring the flight deck to operational status. His courage and skill were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0891 (January 12, 1945)
Born: July 22, 1910 at Oto, Iowa
Home Town: Lynn, Massachusetts


BOWERS, JOHN MICHAEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Michael Bowers, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. POGY (SS-266), on the TENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 2 July 1945 to 21 August 1945, in enemy controlled waters. Aggressively attacking the enemy at every opportunity, the Commanding Officer delivered a series of torpedo attacks which resulted in the sinking and damaging of over 22,000 tons of enemy shipping. He skillfully evaded all enemy countermeasures and brought his ship back to port safely. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Submarine Forces, Pacific: Serial 02525 (October 23, 1945)


BOWERS, THOMAS KENT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Kent Bowers, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and efficiency in time of stress while serving as Commander, Cavite Navy Yard, during the bombardment of that station in the Philippine Islands by enemy Japanese air forces beginning 10 December 1941, and during subsequent occupation by the Japanese of Manila Bay Area. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: February 1, 1911 at Portsmouth, Virginia
Home Town: Linden, Virginia


BOWLEY, CLARENCE MATHESON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clarence Matheson Bowley (0-62015), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PRICHETT (DD-561), and as commander of Destroyer Division FORTY-EIGHT (DesDiv 48), during operations against enemy forces in the vicinity of Okinawa, from 1 April 1945 to 23 June 1945. On 3 April Captain Bowley's ship was under heavy attack by many enemy airplanes for over three hours, but by his courage, skill and combat, and determination, Captain Bowley caused his ship to drive off the attacks, destroy three enemy planes and damage others. Although his ship was severely damaged in the action he continued to fight so effectively that further damage was prevented. He caused effective damage control measures to be taken that permitted the ship to remain on its vital mission until relieved. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, Destroyers, Pacific Fleet: Serial 04160 (November 25, 1945)


*BOWNIK, ARTHUR DONALD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Arthur Donald Bownik (8708822), Hospital Apprentice Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with the First Battalion, Fifth Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, on 12 May 1945. When the company to which Hospital Apprentice Second Class Bownik was attached was pinned down by extremely heavy enemy fire, he initiated an effort that saved two wounded comrades' lives. Moving fearlessly to the exposed position in front of the lines where the two wounded men lay, Hospital Apprentice Second Class Bownik heroically went to their rescue. With utter disregard for his own personal safety, he administered first aid while under intense enemy rifle fire. Although seriously wounded himself, he remained with the wounded men until they were able to be evacuated. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Hospital Apprentice Second Class Bownik undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 032564 (July 28, 1945)
Home Town: Minneapolis, Minnesota


BOYCE, THOMAS EWINGS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Ewings Boyce (0-121217), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVEN (VT-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane in a torpedo attack, Lieutenant Boyce flew in a glide bombing attack on a strong formation of the Japanese Fleet in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands in the Second Battle of the Philippines. He scored two damaging hits on a battleship at the center of the fleet formation by the exercise of fearless and skillful airmanship, in spite of the withering concentration of anti-aircraft fire through which he had to attack, and the evasive maneuvering of the battleship. His display of dauntless offensive spirit and courage were in a large measure responsible for the success of the attacks and were at all times in keeping with the highest tradition of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01060 (January 22, 1945)
Born: May 19, 1920 at Morrisdale, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Phillipsburg, Pennsylvania


BOYD, DAVID H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to David H. Boyd, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Chief Torpedoman's Mate], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. DUNCAN (DD-485), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. When the torpedo officer was mortally wounded and director control was lost after the firing of one torpedo, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, unhesitatingly mounted the tube and launched the remaining torpedoes. Scoring a direct hit in the side of a Japanese cruiser which had been damaged earlier in the engagement, he finished off the enemy vessel with a crumbling blast amidships that quickly sent it under. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boyd throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 316 (July 1943)
Born: February 23, 1899 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Parksley, Virginia


*BOYD, DONNAS HANK (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Donnas Hank Boyd (8454917), Coxswain, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Fleet Tug U.S.S. SONOMA (ATO-12), in remaining within a gasoline fire to release two men trapped inside a burning compartment of the SONOMA prior to its loss on 24 October 1944, in Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands. Though covered with burning gasoline, and with complete disregard for his own safety, Coxswain Donnas Hank Boyd courageously delayed in escape and exerted great presence of mind in remaining amidst the fires engulfing the midships section of the Sonoma to free two radiomen trapped inside the burning radio room, the door of which had been jammed by the several explosions that eventually caused the loss of the ship. Though suffering from extensive burns at the outset, his continued voluntary exposure augmented the seriousness of his injuries to a degree directly attributable to his death. The courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty displayed by Coxswain Boyd reflect great credit to the Naval Service.
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Sonoma File Pers 8249-MS (December 19, 1944)
Born: September 17, 1917 at Cherokee, Georgia
Home Town: Marblehill, Georgia


BOYD, EUGENE LORELL (POW)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Eugene Lorell Boyd (0-70804), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Fleet Tug U.S.S. GENESEE (AT-55), during the defense of Manila Bay, in the Philippine Islands, from 7 December 1941 to 25 February 1942. While exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by enemy Japanese air forces, Ensign Boyd directed the anti-aircraft batteries of his ship and conducted operations of strategic importance involving hazardous missions such as to bring great credit to his command and the U.S. Naval Service.
Commandant, 16th Naval District 281200 NCR 7859 (April 29, 1942)
Born: February 15, 1904 at Brookhaven, Mississippi
Home Town: Clinton, Illinois


BOYD, HERSCHEL FAYNE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Herschel Fayne Boyd (0-225627), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat THREE HUNDRED SIXTY-THREE (PT-363), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the rescue of a Navy Fighter Pilot shot down in Wasile Bay, Halmahera Island. On the afternoon of 16 September 1944, after attempts at rescue by airplane had been turned back by hostile anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boyd unhesitatingly volunteered to aid in this hazardous mission. Although the two participating Torpedo Boats were twice driven back by intense fire from numerous coast defense guns lining an 11-mile strait at the entrance of the passage, they finally succeeded in reaching their objective and in locating the pilot. Cool and courageous despite fierce Japanese fire which harassed the Torpedo Boat crews throughout the two and one-half hour operations, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boyd rendered gallant service during one of the most perilous rescues in the Southwest Pacific area. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boyd were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 03533 (December 24, 1944)


BOYD, PAUL W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul W. Boyd (0-354431), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during an attack against an enemy battleship in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Faced with great opposition from enemy shore and ship-based anti-aircraft batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boyd skillfully piloted his plane through intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, and with determination and courage pressed home a bombing attack on the enemy battleship and scored a direct hit which contributed heavily to the final sinking of that ship. His courage and determination were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 03533 (December 24, 1944)


BOYER, RANDOLPH BURTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Randolph Burton Boyer, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MORRIS (DD-417), during the engagement with enemy Japanese forces north of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October 1942. After enemy bombs and torpedoes had seriously damaged the task force carrier resulting in raging fires and a dangerous list on that vessel, Lieutenant Commander Boyer skillfully brought his ship alongside in a most seamanlike manner to assist in fighting fires on board with every means at his command. Although driven away by further enemy air attacks, he repeatedly returned to the side of the stricken carrier to continue rendering effective assistance. Later he maneuvered in the vicinity of the ship to evacuate and rescue survivors. His gallantry and intrepidity in action were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Southern Pacific Fleet: Serial 0029 (January 7, 1943)
Born: August 31, 1903 at Audubon, Minnesota
Home Town: Portsmouth, Virginia


BOYERS, FRANCIS D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis D. Boyers (0-337353), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Bomber in the attack of 28 July 1945, made by planes of the Second Carrier Task Force on enemy battleships, cruisers, and destroyers at Kure, Japan. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Boyers pressed his attack home in spite of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from heavy combat ships and shore batteries and, releasing his bombs at low altitude, scored two direct hits with five-hundred-pound bombs on the battleship HARUNA, inflicting material damage. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02060 (October 11, 1945)


BOYLE, FRANCIS D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis D. Boyle (0-73542), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. CHARR (SS-328), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 March 1945 to 21 May, 1945, in enemy controlled waters of the Southwest Pacific. Commander Boyle's able leadership of a coordinated group of submarines resulted in a very successful attack on an enemy task force after an arduous three-day chase. After one of the submarines under his command had obtained a hit on an enemy cruiser, Commander Boyle took his submarine in to close range and destroyed the enemy vessel. He then effected an escape despite a severe enemy depth charge attack. On another occasion he destroyed an enemy freighter in a surface engagement. His aggressiveness and conduct throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 04255 (July 23, 1945)

BRADBURY, EVERETT VERNON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Everett Vernon Bradbury (0-350901), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during an attack on an enemy heavy cruiser in the Inland Sea of Japan on 28 July 1945. Opposed by intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from ships and shore batteries, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bradbury fearlessly and aggressively pressed home a successful glide-bombing attack, scoring a direct hit on the enemy cruiser which was subsequently beached to prevent sinking. His cool skill and bravery in executing this attack in the face of heavy opposition were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)


BRADDY, ROBERT EDWARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Edward Braddy, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. BERNADOU (DD-1253), in leading the assault against hostile forces during the occupation of the harbor of Safi, French Morocco, 8 November 1943. In a remarkable demonstration of seamanship and resourcefulness, Lieutenant Commander Braddy navigated the Bernadou by a difficult and hazardous approach through unknown waters into the crowded harbor where she was beached to allow the immediate landing of troops. This exceptional feat was accomplished in almost total darkness while the ship was under the crossfire of three enemy coast defense batteries and several machine guns mounted on the harbor jetties without loss of embarked personnel and with only slight damage to the ship's hull. Lieutenant Commander Braddy's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: November 17, 1903 at Bristol, Florida
Home Town: Dublin, Georgia


BRADLEY, JOHN HENRY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Henry Bradley, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Corpsman attached to a Marine Rifle platoon of the Second Battalion, Twenty-Eighth Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, on 21 February 1945. During a furious assault by his company upon a strongly defended enemy zone at the base of Mt. Suribachi, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Bradley observed a Marine infantryman fall wounded in an open area under a pounding barrage by mortars, interlaced with a merciless crossfire from Machine guns. With complete disregard for his own safety, he ran through the intense fire to the side of the fallen Marine, examined his wounds and ascertained that an immediate administration of plasma was necessary to save the man's life. Unwilling to subject any of his comrades to the danger to which he had so valiantly exposed himself, he signaled would-be assistants to remain where they were. Placing himself in a position to shield the wounded man, he tied a plasma unit to a rifle planted upright in the sand and continued his life saving mission. The Marine's wounds bandaged and the condition of shock relieved by plasma, Bradley pulled the man thirty yards through intense enemy fire to a position of safety. His indomitable spirit, dauntless initiative, and heroic devotion to duty were an inspiration to those with who he served and were in keeping with the highest tradition of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 10, 1923 at Antigo, Wisconsin
Home Town: Appleton, Wisconsin


BRADLEY, PHILLIPS HASKELL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Phillips Haskell Bradley (0-290548), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Undaunted by intense enemy antiaircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bradley pressed home vigorous attacks upon an enemy carrier to score a direct hit upon the hostile vessel and inflict severe damage. His courage, expert airmanship and unwavering devotion to duty contributed to the success of his squadron in fulfilling this dangerous mission and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 033 (January 20, 1945)
Home Town: Rockport, Massachusetts


*BRADLEY, ROBERT GRAHAM (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert Graham Bradley (0-165385), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), during operations against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944. After his ship was hit with a bomb from an enemy aircraft, Lieutenant Bradley led efforts to control the resulting fires and explosions until conditions became unbearable and personnel on the after part of the ship were ordered to leave. He supervised the safe departure of his men, and he was among the last to leave, and after being rescued by a destroyer, returned to the ship and continued to fight fires and control explosions. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the naval service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01453 (November 17, 1944)
Born: September 26, 1921 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Arlington, Virginia


BRADLEY, RUSSELL J.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Russell J. Bradley, Aviation Radioman Third Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Radioman and Tail Gunner of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-8), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on 6 October 1942. On that date Aviation Radioman Third Class Bradley crashed at sea with the pilot and crew of his airplane; the pilot and air bomber being injured. Aviation Radioman Third Class Bradley volunteered to swim ashore and for 8 hours battled strong currents in shark-infested waters before reaching his destination. His outstanding courage and determination were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943)
Born: August 31, 1921 at Heavener, Oklahoma
Home Town: Sedalia, Colorado


*BRADLEY, THOMAS WALTER (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Thomas Walter Bradley (8452991), Pharmacist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman attached to the First Battalion, Twenty-Seventh Marines, FIFTH Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, on 4 March 1945. Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Bradley, with complete disregard for his own personal safety, moved forward of the front line in the face of a deadly barrage of mortar, artillery and machine gun fire in order to administer first aid to several wounded men. Finding one man seriously wounded and needing immediate medical attention, and knowing that it would be impossible for litter bearers to get through to the man, he carried the man to a defiladed area. Ignoring the please of several members of his company not to return to the front lines, he then returned to the same area and began rendering first aid to other wounded. By this time the enemy had successfully outflanked his position and he was subjected to an even heavier and more intense fire. By using hand grenades he helped the wounded until he himself became a casualty. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate Second Class Bradley undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 34921 (April 24, 1945)
Home Town: Sparta, Tennessee


BRADY, JULIAN H
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Julian H Brady (0-283202), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SEVEN (VT-7), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Philippine waters during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 26 October 1944. as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in a torpedo attack, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brady scored a destructive hit on a heavy cruiser of the Japanese Fleet, which contributed to its probable sinking. In the face of a severe barrage of anti-aircraft fire and the fast maneuvering of the target, he displayed outstanding skill and conspicuous unwavering courage in driving home his attack. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: November 11, 1923 at McComb, Mississippi
Home Town: McComb, Mississippi


BRADY, WALLACE ANTHONY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Wallace Anthony Brady, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of Landing Craft Infantry Gunboat FOUR HUNDRED FIFTY (LCI(G)-450), operating as a unit of LCI(G), Group EIGHT, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the close-in fire support operations against Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands on 17 February 1945. Determined to smash Japanese defenses, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brady fearlessly closed range to less than one thousand yards despite several large caliber hits from hostile shore batteries which started a serious fire, exploded ready ammunition aboard the 450 and wounded several of the crew. Firing a full rocket salvo well on the beach under terrific enemy fire, he resolutely remained on station and, directing a continuous barrage from his 40-mm and 20-mm batteries, effectively maintained a relentless bombardment of the strongly fortified Japanese positions until recurring fires and explosions aboard his gallantly fighting ship forced his withdrawal from the field of combat. By his great personal valor, indomitable fighting spirit and tenacious perseverance in the face of fanatic opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brady contributed materially to the success of this extremely hazardous mission and his aggressive leadership throughout the bitter engagement upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Home Town: Elroy, Wisconsin


BRANDEL, STUART L.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Stuart L. Brandel (0-174133), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Naval Gunfire Liaison Officer in the assault on the Coast of Normandy, France, on 6 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brandel was attached to the SIXTEENTH Regimental Combat Team and was scheduled to land in the second wave. The boat in which he was embarked was twice driven off in attempting to land, and half of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brandel's party was killed or wounded. Quickly grasping the situation, he set up his radio in the boat and established communications with a supporting cruiser. He was able to fire several very effective missions at a most critical juncture. Later he landed and finding his forward observer seriously wounded, he reorganized his party and took over the duties of forward observer in addition to his own. Although under heavy enemy gunfire he continued to call for and adjust fire which was of marked effect on enemy positions and aided materially in the advance of the army units to which he was attached. The performance of duty of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brandel on this occasion was in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service.
ComNavEu File P15-9: Serial 7511 (September 6, 1944)
Born: July 5, 1919 at Los Angeles, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


BRANDON, LEROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to LeRoy Brandon (6701322), Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman aboard the U.S.S. LST ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY-ONE (LST-181), during military operations against the enemy at Leyte, Philippine Islands, on 20 October 1944. When his ship received eleven direct hits from enemy artillery, igniting two trucks loaded with ammunition, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Brandon left his station and proceeded to the vicinity of the fire in an endeavor to reach the wounded, thereby exposing himself to bursting ammunition and hand grenades. While carrying one of the casualties away from the fire, he was severely wounded, but in spite of his injury continued to carry the casualty to the dressing station until he collapsed from loss of blood. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Brandon undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0122 (January 6, 1945)
Born: September 22, 1910 at Merrick, Oklahoma
Home Town: Durant, Oklahoma


*BRANNON, CHARLES E. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles E. Brannon (0-105955), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHT (VT-8), embarked from Naval Air Station Midway during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 and 5 June 1942. In the first attack against an enemy carrier of the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Brannon pressed home his attack in the face of withering fire from enemy Japanese fighters and anti-aircraft forces. Because of events attendant upon the Battle of Midway, there can be no doubt that he gallantly gave up his life in the service of his country. His courage and utter disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: August 2, 1919 at Montgomery, Alabama
Home Town: Montgomery, Alabama


BRANYON, HOWARD H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Howard H. Branyon, Chief Boatswain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving Commander of Patrol Ship YP-239, in the waters between Tulagi and Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, during the period from 1 September 1942 to 2 November 1942. Chief Boatswain Branyon was in command of a small auxiliary naval craft used in transporting essential men and supplies. His craft averaged at least one trip a day, many of the trips having been made under heavy enemy fire, and at night, under the most trying circumstances. In spite of the obstacles and great danger present, Chief Boatswain Branyon carried out his missions with extreme courage and skill, setting an example to his command. His unflinching leadership resulted in an uninterrupted flow of reinforcements and supplies without which the ground troops would have been greatly hampered. The conduct of Chief Boatswain Branyon throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 317 (August 1943) & 326 (May 1944)
Born: May 13, 1900 at Honey Path, South Carolina
Home Town: Spartanburg, South Carolina


BRASSFIELD, ARTHUR JAMES
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arthur James Brassfield, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-TWO (VF-42), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea from 5 to 8 May 1942. On 5 May while on combat air patrol, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brassfield intercepted and aggressively attacked an enemy 4-engine patrol bomber, assisting in its rapid destruction. On 7 May as part of the fighter escort for our scout bombers in an attack on an enemy carrier, he provided protection against enemy aircraft throughout the delivery of the attack which resulted in the sinking of the enemy vessel. On 8 May while on combat air patrol, he, in company with his wingman, aggressively attacked a formation of enemy fighters which were harassing his own forces. By his skillful and courageous action he succeeded in dispersing the formation and in destroying one of the enemy aircraft. He then braved strong enemy fighter protection in order to attack and destroy an enemy dive bomber which was attacking our surface forces. Slightly wounded and his plane badly damaged, he nevertheless succeeded in making a safe landing on the carrier after the attacking force had been driven off. In these engagements he displayed skill, leadership, aggressiveness and complete disregard of his own safety in order that he might carry out his assigned missions. His conduct throughout these actions reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2050 (May 8, 1942)

BRASSFIELD, ARTHUR JAMES
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Arthur James Brassfield, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron THREE (VF-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. In company with four other friendly fighter planes, Lieutenant Brassfield intercepted a formation of 18 Japanese dive bombers approaching the YORKTOWN. In the face of fierce opposing fire, he personally destroyed three of the enemy craft and damaged two others. Later, during the same action with the enemy, he vigorously attacked and shot down in flames a Japanese dive bomber which was strafing survivors of a Torpedo Plane that had made a forced landing. The outstanding courage and determined skill displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brassfield were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 310 (January 1943)
Born: September 21, 1910 at Browning, Missouri
Home Town: Browning, Missouri
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BRECKENRIDGE, RICHARD F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard F. Breckenridge, Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving on board the U.S.S. CUTTLEFISH (SS-171), during the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine in enemy controlled waters on 27 August 1942. On that date the CUTTLEFISH was underway in enemy controlled waters when the approach of Japanese naval units forced her to crash dive. The wheel of the locks for the hatch leading from the deck to the conning tower became jammed, however, and the hatch would not close sufficiently to keep out the seas. Quartermaster Second Class Breckenridge refused to leave his station and go below until he succeeded in securing the hatch. By his action, Quartermaster Second Class Breckenridge, risking drowning, saved the conning tower instruments from damage from the seas and enabled the submarine to continue on patrol during which 29,500 tons of Japanese shipping were sunk. The conduct of Quartermaster Second Class Breckenridge throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 314 (May 1943)
Born: July 22, 1921 at Tacoma, Washington
Home Town: Tacoma, Washington


BREGA, GIOVANNI F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Giovanni F. Brega (0-354986), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VT-87), embarked from the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), during a strike against an enemy battleship in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Although opposed by intense and accurate, heavy anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and adjacent shore batteries during his attack, Ensign Brega skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a coordinated bombing attack on the battleship, scoring a direct hit with his bombs which contributed greatly to the ultimate sinking of that vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01896 (September 22, 1945)


BREHM, HAROLD PAUL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold Paul Brehm, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron EIGHTY-SEVEN (VB-87), attached to the U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Kure, Japan, on 24 July 1945. Braving heavy enemy anti-aircraft fire from the ship and shore batteries which began during the approach to the target and continued in intensity throughout the attack and retirement, Lieutenant Brehm skillfully pressed home his bombing run against the enemy battleship-aircraft carrier HYUGA, scoring a direct hit with a 1,000-pound bomb and contributing materially to the sinking of the hostile vessel. His airmanship and unswerving devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01812 (September 15, 1945)


BRESLOVE, JOSEPH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Breslove, Jr. (0-106282), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in a carrier strike against major units of the Japanese Fleet at Yokosuka in Tokyo Bay on 18 July 1945. Lieutenant Breslove skillfully and courageously piloted his aircraft in a dive bombing attack on an enemy battleship. During this action, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, he scored a direct hit with his bomb which contributed materially to the damage of the vessel. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01702 (September 3, 1945)


BRETT, JAMES HENRY, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Henry Brett, Jr. (0-62017), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Commander Brett led his squadron 125 miles over uncharted mountains and jungles, to press home a successful attack in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire against enemy ships, sinking three of them. Lieutenant Commander Brett's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 6 (April 13, 1942)

BRETT, JAMES HENRY, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to James Henry Brett, Jr. (0-62017), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Commanding Officer of Torpedo Squadron TWO (VT-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. In the face of tremendous anti-aircraft barrage and opposed by numerous fighters, Lieutenant Commander Brett led his squadron to within extremely close range of the objective and delivered two highly successful attacks, destroying one enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and causing the probable destruction of another. Lieutenant Commander Brett's capable, determined leadership and the skill and efficiency displayed by his squadron were decisive contributions to the ultimate victory of our forces in this battle. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: October 1, 1905 at Cedartown, Georgia
Home Town: Statesboro, Georgia
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


*BREWER, CHARLES WALTER (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Charles Walter Brewer (0-073306), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron FIFTEEN (VF-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands on 19 June 1944. Commander Brewer led component parts of his squadron to intercept Japanese airplanes attempting to reach our fleet and personally accounted for 3 of the 60 enemy planes destroyed. Later, he led the six planes remaining aboard the ESSEX to Guam and, in the face of overwhelming odds, shot down two enemy planes and contributed to the destruction or rout of the remainder. Commander Brewer's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)
Born: April 19, 1911 at Clinton, Oklahoma
Home Town: Tulsa, Oklahoma


BRICE, ROBERT GREENLEAF
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Greenleaf Brice (0-263868), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly pressing home his attack to low altitude in the face of accurate and intense antiaircraft fire from the formidable enemy disposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brice succeeded in scoring a direct hit upon a Japanese aircraft carrier of ZUIKAKU class, contributing to its rapid sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brice contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0682 (December 30, 1944)

BRICE, ROBERT GREENLEAF
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert Greenleaf Brice (0-263868), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), during offensive air operations against enemy shipping on 5 November 1944, in Manila Bay in the Island of Luzon of the Philippine Group. On this occasion, in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brice courageously pressed an attack upon an enemy heavy cruiser of the NACHI Class. He made a direct hit upon this target which together with other hits in subsequent attacks led to the sinking of the vessel. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brice's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0682 (December 30, 1944)
Born: April 9, 1920 at Chicago, Illinois
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BRIDGERS, JOHN DAVID
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John David Bridgers (0-104530), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Scout Dive Bomber and Division Leader in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In command of fourteen airplanes Lieutenant Bridgers initiated the strike upon the enemy disposition and coordinated his dives perfectly with other attacking aircraft. In the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from the entire enemy formation, he obtained one of eight direct hits upon a carrier of the CHITOSE class. As leader of the dive bomber group, he so effectively disposed his aircraft that the resulting successive hits upon this ship caused it's almost immediate sinking. Undaunted in the face of relentless, devastating antiaircraft fire, he rendered gallant service during the bitterly fought engagement in which all carriers, a light cruiser and a destroyer of the enemy's task force were sunk and heavy bomb and torpedo damage inflicted on battleships and other important naval units. By his daring airmanship, exceptional courage and steadfast devotion to duty through a perilous assignment, Lieutenant Bridgers contributed materially to the sinking of this valuable enemy fighting unit and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0485 (February 7, 1945)
Born: July 4, 1920 at Kinston, North Carolina
Home Town: Greenville, North Carolina


BRIDGES, ROBERT ARTHUR
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Arthur Bridges (4124263), Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Member of an LCT Scout Boat during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Boatswain's Mate First Class Bridges, with disregard for his own safety, worked tirelessly in an effort to unload vehicles and personnel from a United States Landing Craft Tank, exposing himself in so doing to heavy machine gun and artillery fire. He further displayed heroism when, after assisting in the evacuation of the wounded from his own ship, he boarded another Landing Craft Tank and manned a twenty-millimeter gun to engage an enemy machine-gun nest, enabling soldiers to move forward on the beach without opposition from this emplacement. The outstanding courage and initiative displayed by Boatswain's Mate First Class Bridges on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Naval Forces, Europe: Serial 7517 (September 6, 1944)
Born: July 15, 1919 at White Bluff, Washington
Home Town: Wilmington, California


BRIDGET, FRANCIS JOSEPH (POW-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Francis Joseph Bridget (0-19086), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on the Staff of the Commander of Patrol Wing TEN (PatWing 10), during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Mariveles Area in December 1941. Although subjected to repeated and sustained enemy aerial attacks, Commander Bridget rendered outstanding services under the extremely hazardous and difficult conditions existing in that area. His skillful leadership and complete disregard for his own personal safety were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 2, 1897 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: South Orange, New Jersey


*BRIGHT, MARK KENNETH (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Mark Kenneth Bright (0-103989), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FIVE (VF-5), embarked from the U.S.S. SARATOGA (CV-3), in action against enemy Japanese forces while deployed over Guadalcanal and Tulagi, in the Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942. Upon sighting an enemy force of eleven dive bombers about to enter upon a diving attack against transports and other surface vessels, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bright played an important role in an attack upon them which resulted in the destruction of nine of them, thereby breaking up the enemy attack and preventing the enemy from registering any hits upon their targets. He personally shot down two of the enemy bombers, one of them while in its dive before its bombs had been released. He also assisted in destroying two other planes which crashed under the combined fire of his guns and those of other friendly pilots. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 28 (1943)
Born: February 8, 1919 at Lodi, California
Home Town: Anderson, Indiana
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Distinguished Flying Cross, 5@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


BRINGLE, WILLIAM F.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William F. Bringle, Commander [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane and Commanding Officer Of Observation Fighting Squadron ONE (VOF-1), embarked from the U.S.S. TULAGI (CVE-72), in action against enemy forces during the Allied invasion of southern France on 20 August 1944. Commander Bringle led his flight of eight planes against a hostile motorized concentration and skillfully maneuvered his group for maximum striking power and, pressing home his attacks with skill in the face of powerful anti-aircraft fire, contributed materially to the infliction of damage and destruction on seventy-five enemy motor vehicles. Leading a second strike against six heavily armed enemy trawlers in the Marseilles Area later the same day, he struck repeatedly at his target to assist in the beaching of four and the crippling of two additional enemy vessels. Fearlessly exposing himself to enemy antiaircraft fire which damaged his plane and forced him to land in the water on 25 August Commander Bringle continued to relay vital information to our forces regarding the fall of shot in the vicinity of three important hostile coastal batteries and, by his courageous efforts in the face of grave personal danger, contributed directly to the subsequent neutralization of these enemy emplacements. By his airmanship, initiative and devotion to duty throughout, Commander Bringle upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 23, 1913 at Covington, Tennessee
Home Town: Memphis, Tennessee


BRISCOE, ROBERT PEARCE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Pearce Briscoe (0-34560), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Cruiser U.S.S. DENVER (CL-58), during a 36-hour period from midnight 30 October 1943 to noon 2 November 1943. During this period Task Force 39 of which the U.S.S. DENVER was a unit, conducted the first daylight bombardment of the Shortland-Faisi-Ballale Area while subjected to heavy enemy shore battery fire and bombing attacks. The Task Force of which the U.S.S. DENVER was a member, further, decisively defeated in night action, a heavier gunned enemy surface force composed of at least 4 cruisers, of which two were 8-inch cruisers, and 8 destroyers of which at least 1 cruiser and 4 destroyers were sunk and the remainder put to ignominious flight towards their bases with 2 cruisers and 2 destroyers heavily damaged and under hot pursuit by our forces. This defeat prevented the Japanese Task Force from bombarding our beachhead at Empress Augusta Bay, and destroying our transport and mine laying groups and thereby materially contributed to the successful establishment of our land and air forces in the Bougainville Island. The Task Force successfully fought off a heavy air attack by at least 67 Japanese dive and medium bombers with the destruction of at least 17 Japanese planes by the ship's anti-aircraft gunfire. During these actions the U.S.S. DENVER received only negligible damage while inflicting severe damage and casualties to the enemy. By his fearlessness, calmness, and gallant determination on the exposed bridge of his ship Captain Briscoe set an example of conduct under stress of battle that was an inspiration. His relentless fighting spirit and devotion to duty, maintained at great risk in the face of grave personal danger was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01533 (February 7, 1945)
Born: February 19, 1897 at Centreville, Mississippi
Home Town: Liberty, Mississippi


BRISTOW, JESSE M.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jesse M. Bristow (0-156763), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron SEVENTEEN (VB-17), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in an attack on an enemy task force comprised of a battleship, cruisers and destroyers in the East China Sea on 7 April 1945. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bristow dove on the battleship through extremely intense anti-aircraft fire, and scored a direct hit with his bomb, contributing materially to the sinking of the vessel as a result of the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0510 (May 4, 1945)
Born: August 16, 1917 at St. Louis, Missouri
Home Town: University City, Missouri


BRITSON, RICHARD EARL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard Earl Britson, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-TWO (VF-82), attached to the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet and against Naval installations in the Japanese Inland Sea, on 19 March 1945. Escorting bomber and torpedo aircraft in a coordinated strike on the target, Lieutenant Britson pressed home a determined bombing and strafing attack on an enemy battleship and accompanying destroyers and, scoring a direct hit, seriously damaged the battleship. His inspiring leadership and devotion to the fulfillment of a hazardous mission were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0592 (July 4, 1945)


BROACH, JOHN C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John C. Broach, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. HAKE (SS-256), on the THIRD War Patrol of that submarine during the period 27 December 1943 to 21 February 1943, in enemy controlled waters. Commander Broach courageously and skillfully maneuvered his vessel into position from which to strike the enemy and aggressively attacked in the face of heavy and persistent enemy counter measures, sinking three enemy vessels totaling 16,472 tons and damaging an additional three vessels totaling 18,000 tons. Further, he sank one sampan and sloop by gunfire. He handled his ship expertly to avoid damage from enemy countermeasures and brought her safely to port without injury to ship or crew. His actions and conduct were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 01052 (May 7, 1944)
Born: July 29, 1904 at New Orleans, Louisiana
Home Town: Mobile, Alabama


BROACH, LEO DENSEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Leo Densel Broach (0-173735), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron THIRTEEN (VB-13), embarked from the U.S.S. FRANKLIN (CV-13), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Sibuyan Sea during the Air Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In the face of continuous and intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy air opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Broach pressed home a determined dive bombing attack on a hostile aircraft carrier and, accurately releasing his bomb load at perilously low altitude, scored a direct hit which contributed to its sinking. By his superb flying ability, indomitable fighting spirit and cool courage, maintained at great personal risk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Broach contributed immeasurably to the extensive and costly damage inflicted on the Japanese fleet in this vital war area. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0768 (January 4, 1945)
Born: November 24, 1922 at Schlater, Mississippi
Home Town: Webb, Mississippi


BROCATO, SAMUEL JOSEPH, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Samuel Joseph Brocato, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Wing Man on the Leader of two Fighter Planes in Fighting Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VF-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the vicinity of Okinawa on 6 April 1945. Maintaining a vigorous combat air patrol over our Task Force operating in this dangerous area, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brocato initiated an attack against nine hostile fighter planes and personally succeeded in destroying four of them. By his gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty in the face of greatly superior numbers, he contributed materially to the success of our operations and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0960 (July 6, 1945)


*BROCK, JOHN WILEY (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Wiley Brock (0-146504), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 June 1942. Participating in a vigorous and intensive assault against the Japanese invasion fleet, Ensign Brock pressed home his attack with relentless determination in the face of a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The unprecedented conditions under which his squadron launched its offensive were so exceptional that it is highly improbably the occasion may ever recur where other pilots of the service will be called upon to demonstrate an equal degree of gallantry and fortitude. His extreme disregard of personal safety contributed materially to the success of our forces and his loyal conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3144 (August 1, 1942)
Born: August 15, 1914 at New Brockton, Alabama
Home Town: Montgomery, Alabama


BROCK, ROBERT LEE
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Lee Brock (3371073), Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as a Machine Gunner on board the Minesweeper U.S.S. HERON (AM-10), in action against the enemy during operations in Dutch East Indies on 31 December 1941 when his ship was attacked by 15 hostile planes of different types. With extreme disregard of personal safety, Machinist's Mate Second Class Brock returned to his action station while bombs were falling near the ship and after the force of a bomb explosion had thrown him from the after machine gun platform to the main deck below. During protracted air attacks delivered against the U.S.S. HERON on 31 December 1941 in the Dutch East Indies, the ship being attacked by an overwhelming number of enemy aircraft of various types using bombs and torpedoes, Machinist's Mate Second Class Brock discharged his duties as After .50 Caliber Machine Gun Captain in a most efficient and commendable manner. Such action contributed not only to the survival of the ship but also to the fact that effective losses were sustained by the enemy aircraft. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander in Chief, Asiatic Fleet: (January 23, 1942)
Born: December 23, 1917 at DuQuoin, Illinois
Home Town: DuQuoin, Illinois


BROCKMAN, WILLIAM HERMAN, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Herman Brockman, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. NAUTILUS (SS-168), in the Battle of Midway. On 4 June 1942, Lieutenant Commander Brockman aggressively developed a contact with major enemy forces and doggedly pushed home a torpedo attack on a screened aircraft carrier against determined and repeated enemy counter measures by gunfire barrage, depth charging and bombing from the air. The attack culminated successfully and Lieutenant Commander Brockman is credited with closing and sinking of a 10,000 ton enemy aircraft carrier. His skill, determination, courage and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 3277 (August 16, 1942)

BROCKMAN, WILLIAM HERMAN, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William Herman Brockman, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. NAUTILUS (SS-168), on the FIRST War Patrol of that submarine from 10 June 1942 to 11 July 1942, in the Southwest Pacific. During a period of eleven days, while on station patrolling in enemy controlled waters, Lieutenant Commander Brockman delivered five attacks against the enemy and, in spite of having been driven down on three occasions, the NAUTILUS succeeded in sinking a 1,700-ton enemy Japanese destroyer and a 1,500-ton patrol vessel. Although severe anti-submarine measures had caused considerable material damage, Lieutenant Commander Brockman's extreme courage and expert seamanship enabled him to bring his ship and crew home safely without loss or injury, and his conduct throughout the performance of a difficult and dangerous mission was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 22 (October 23, 1942)

BROCKMAN, WILLIAM HERMAN, JR.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to William Herman Brockman, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. NAUTILUS (SS-168), during the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 13 December 1942 to 4 February 1943, in Japanese waters. Lieutenant Commander Brockman maneuvered his submarine close enough to Japan's shores for the crew to watch people swimming in the surf. His craft was credited with sinking a 10,000-ton enemy aircraft carrier, a 9,000-ton transport, and seven other enemy vessels. His skill, determination, courage and fortitude were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: November 18, 1904 at Baltimore, Maryland
Home Town: Groton, Connecticut
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BRODHEAD, JOHN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Brodhead, Jr. (0-99860), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scout Dive Bomber and Division Leader in Bombing Squadron FIFTEEN (VB-15), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. Fearlessly leading fourteen planes of his squadron, Lieutenant Brodhead pressed home a determined attack in the face of extremely intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire on an enemy battleship of the ISE class, personally scoring a direct hit. Coordinating with other type planes, he maneuvered his group into excellent position for attack, which resulted in several other damaging hits on the target. Lieutenant Brodhead's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0485 (December 19, 1944)
Born: December 6, 1917 at Springfield, Illinois
Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri


BRODIE, ROBERT J., JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert J. Brodie, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. DALLAS (DD-199), in action against hostile forces during the occupation of Port Lyautey, French Morocco, on 10 November 1942. In a remarkable demonstration of seamanship and resourcefulness, Lieutenant Commander Brodie, proceeding with a detachment of raider troops across a treacherous bar through heavy surf, entered the shallow Sebou River and by breaking a steel cable boom with the bow of his ship, forced his way, often literally ploughing through mud, ten miles up the river where he landed the raider troops at Port Lyautey airfield.
Born: December 2, 1904 at Owensboro, Kentucky
Home Town: Owensboro, Kentucky


*BRODY, ALLEN (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Allen Brody (0-), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Bomber, while participating in an aerial torpedo attack against a Japanese task force on 25 October 1944, in the Philippine Sea. Ensign Brody pressed home his attack in the face of intense and heavy anti-aircraft fire from the battleships and escorting cruisers and destroyers. He scored a direct hit on a Japanese battleship inflicting thereby material damage to a major fleet unit. This attack was made in conjunction with six other Torpedo Planes without benefit of diversionary bombing or strafing by our forces. His conduct, achievement, and disregard of personal safety was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0603 (December 23, 1945)
Born: February 28, 1921 at Brooklyn, New York
Home Town: Jamaica, New York


BRONN, CLYDE LEROY
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Clyde Leroy Bronn (0-130142), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in the vicinity of the Marianas Islands, on 20 June 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bronn flew in an attack to the limit of endurance against the enemy main fleet where he pressed home his attack through most intense anti-aircraft fire and fighter plane opposition, personally scoring three direct bomb hits immediately forward of the starboard beam on a large enemy aircraft carrier which eventually sank. Upon completion of this most successful attack he returned to his Task Group under most hazardous conditions and was obliged to make a night water landing. His mission was accomplished without loss of any personnel. His courage and skill above and beyond the call of duty were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0362 (July 8, 1944)

BRONN, CLYDE LEROY
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Clyde Leroy Bronn, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Plane, in action on 24 July 1944, while deployed over the Inland Sea of Japan. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bronn's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 7, 1921 at Roca, Nebraska
Home Town: Long Beach, California
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


*BROOKE, GEORGE MAGRUDER (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Magruder Brooke (0-34000), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the River Gunboat U.S.S. LUZON (PR-7), during the periods 7 to 22 December 1941, and from 30 December 1941 to 28 April 1942, in the Philippine Islands. While exposed to frequent horizontal and dive bombing attacks by enemy Japanese air forces, Commander Brooke directed the anti-aircraft batteries of his ship and conducted operations of strategic important involving hazardous missions such as to bring great credit to his command and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Commandant, 16th Naval District, Desp 281200-NCR-7859 (April 29, 1942)
Born: March 15, 1898 at Spokane, Washington
Home Town: Spokane, Washington


BROOKES, CHARLES S.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles S. Brookes (0-125277), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane of Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), attached to the U.S.S. RANDOLPH, during action against major units of the Japanese Fleet at the Kure Naval Base in the Inland Sea of Japan the morning of 24 July 1945. Gallantly leading his fourteen-plane flight in over the target area in bold defiance of a withering hail of antiaircraft fire set up from powerful guns on shore and ships in the harbor, Lieutenant Brookes skillfully maneuvered for maximum striking power and, diving relentlessly through the shattering barrage, released his bomb load at perilously low altitude to score a direct hit and two near misses on a Japanese battleship carrier. By his superb airmanship, aggressive determination and indomitable spirit, maintained in the face of tremendous odds, Lieutenant Brookes contributed materially to the sinking of a vital hostile Fleet unit and to the success of our aerial offensive against the Japanese homeland. His valiant devotion to duty throughout the fierce action reflects the highest credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01849 (September 17, 1945)

BROOKES, CHARLES S.
(Second Award)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Charles S. Brookes (0-125277), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action against the enemy over Kure Harbor, Japan, on 24 July 1945. Lieutenant Brookes' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


*BROOKS, BRADFORD MAITLAND (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Bradford Maitland Brooks (0-83929), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Navy Patrol Plane of Patrol-Bombing Squadron ONE HUNDRED SEVENTEEN (VPB-117). Lieutenant Commander Brooks, on 10 December 1944, as Patrol Plane Commander of a Navy Search Liberator, with fearless determination pressed home the war against the enemies of the United States, causing the destruction of three enemy aircraft in aerial combat. Because he had flown his lone plane on many long, grueling missions deep into enemy territory, often under the most hazardous conditions and in the face of enemy fire, his deep devotion to duty was inspiring. Having destroyed two enemy fighters, though severely wounded he continued to fight until his plane was so badly crippled that it would no longer remain in the air. Then, with his instrument panel shattered, three engines shot out, and the right rudder control useless, he landed without flaps with such superb skill that the lives of the majority of his crew were saved. His actions on this occasion showed the highest degree of professional skill, heroic courage under fire and determined devotion to duty, and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, VPB-117: Serial 0184 (February 9, 1945)
Home Town: Pacific Beach, California


BROOKS, WILLIAM COSTELLO, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Costello Brooks, Jr., Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Composite Squadron SIXTY-FIVE (VC-65), embarked from the U.S.S. ST. LO (CVE-63), during action against major Japanese forces during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. In the face of intense antiaircraft fire, Ensign Brooks pressed home two attacks against the enemy. He single-handedly attacked a heavy cruiser with depth bombs and, subsequently participating in a three-plane torpedo attack, scored a direct hit on an enemy battleship. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brooks and the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 13, 1920 at Alhambra, California
Home Town: Los Angeles, California


BROWDER, MAURICE E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Maurice E. Browder (0-56001), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Escort Carrier U.S.S. SANGAMON (CVE-26). Captain Browder was engaged in furnishing air support to amphibious attack groups landing on the shores of Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, from 18 to 29 October 1944. On 25 October 1944, while his ship was under almost constant air attack from suicide dive bombers, he repeatedly launched flight after flight against the enemy fleet approaching Leyte Gulf. These planes damaged the enemy ships and contributed to their turning away from this, the Battle of Samar Island. During this period he fought his ship so skillfully that only minor damage was received from repeated enemy air attacks. His conduct was in accordance with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0193 (January 19, 1945)
Born: October 22, 1897 at Indianapolis, Indiana
Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana


*BROWN, BURTON JAMES (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Burton James Brown (0-389399), Ensign, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Machine Gun Control Officer on board the Destroyer U.S.S. PORTERFIELD (DD-682), in action against the enemy during a night surface engagement on 26 February 1945, in the Pacific off the South East Coast of Japan. With the utmost disregard for his own personal safety, Ensign Brown refused to seek shelter from the intense enemy fire directed against the area in which he was controlling the battery, but remained fully exposed at all times. By his outstanding and courageous action he set an example that inspired not only his entire battery but all personnel aboard. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 032079 (March 12, 1945)
Home Town: Conneautville, Pennsylvania


BROWN, CARL ALLEN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carl Allen Brown, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY-SEVEN (VF-27), attached to the U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-24), in action against enemy Japanese Forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 24 October 1944. Skilled and aggressive in combat, Lieutenant Commander Brown participated in the interception of a large group of enemy planes attempting to attack our Task Force and pressed home his attack to shoot down five enemy planes and to inflict severe damage on an other. His high combat efficiency, courage and devotion to duty were instrumental in preventing damage to our ships and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 24, 1917 at Texarkana, Arkansas
Home Town: Texarkana, Texas


BROWN, CHARLES DONALD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Donald Brown (0-81305), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. RAZORBACK (SS-394), on the SECOND War Patrol of that submarine during the period 15 November 1944 to 15 January 1945, in enemy controlled waters. With outstanding skill and aggressiveness, Lieutenant Commander Brown launched brilliantly planned and smartly executed torpedo attacks which resulted in sinking over 20,000 tons of enemy shipping, and damaging an additional 5,000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Brown brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01876 (March 4, 1945)
Born: April 11, 1914 at Rhinelander, Wisconsin
Home Town: Rutherford, New Jersey


*BROWN, GEORGE PETER (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to George Peter Brown (0-125605), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Division Leader of a Flight of Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-FOUR (VT-24), embarked from the U.S.S. BELLEAU WOOD (CVL-24), n action against major units of the Japanese fleet west of the Marianas Islands during the first Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. With great skill, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Brown maneuvered his division into position and led it down against an enemy carrier, launching his torpedo from close range to score a confirmed hit in the face of heavy, accurate anti-aircraft fire, which was concentrated upon him as leader, and which inflicted severe damage to his plane, forcing his crew to abandon him, and wounding him severely. His attack, in conjunction with others, resulted in the sinking of the enemy vessel. His determined leadership, and outstanding courage were an inspiring example and were at all times thoroughly in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 03949 (August 13, 1944)
Born: November 1, 1918 at Lockport, New York
Home Town: Rochester, New York
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Air Medals, Purple Heart


BROWN, JACK PERSHING
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Pershing Brown (2954073), Chief Electrician's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving as Switchboard Operator in the Forward Distribution Room aboard the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action following the attack on that carrier during the Battle of the Coral Sea on 8 May 1942. Assisting in the evacuation of wounded, Chief Electrician's Mate Brown disregarded a head injury sustained from an explosion and carried on in the face of subsequent danger of total asphyxiation. Obtaining a spare gas mask and returning to his post, he was successful in the removal of two of his wounded shipmates to safety. His courageous conduct and strict devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2828 (June 29, 1942)
Born: May 20, 1919 at Bassett, Arkansas
Home Town: Bassett, Arkansas


BROWN, JAMES HARVEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to James Harvey Brown, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of this profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. AMMEN (DD-527), in action against enemy Japanese forces during a long period of hazardous radar picket duty in the vicinity of Okinawa from 20 April to 29 May 1945. In a situation unique in Naval warfare, Commander Brown aggressively fought his ship during twenty-seven engagements with attacking enemy aircraft and, skillfully carrying out defensive maneuvers, escaped with minor damage to his ship despite three plane crashes close aboard. With his vessel acting as a fighter director ship during much of this time, he contributed materially to the destruction of seven additional hostile aircraft by planes of our combat air patrol. By his inspiring leadership, Commander Brown kept his command ready for enemy attack day and night and, despite the tremendous mental strain on himself and his men, ably accomplished his assigned mission of providing early warning of enemy air attack to the main body of our Fleet. His gallant fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 17, 1912 at Chamberlain, South Dakota


*BROWN, MORRISON R. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Morrison R. Brown (0-101070), Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineering Officer aboard the Destroyer U.S.S. BORIE (DD-215), when that vessel attacked and sank an enemy submarine in the waters of the Caribbean Sea on the morning of 1 November 1943. To keep the engines of the BORIE operative in order to complete her mission, despite serious damage sustained during the prolonged battle, Lieutenant Brown remained steadfastly at his post, buffeted by debris in the heavy rolling of the vessel and with water pouring into the forward engine room. As the flooding increased and the compartment became untenable, he calmly ordered his men to safety while he stayed below, standing neck-deep in water at the throttle until the BORIE had completely destroyed the submarine. The conduct of Lieutenant Brown throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 325 (April 1944)
Born: October 12, 1916 at Swampscott, Massachusetts
Home Town: Miami Beach, Florida


BROWN, RUSSELL E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Russell E. Brown (0-306443), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), in action against enemy Japanese forces near the Island of Leyte, Central Philippine Islands, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Ensign Brown, as one of a flight of six fighter-plane pilots, boldly attacked a large task force of the Japanese Imperial Navy in a strike made without the aid of surface craft and in the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire. The smallness of their numbers rendered each plane a conspicuous target, yet despite the overwhelming odds, Ensign Brown lashed the enemy force with grim determination and with utter disregard for his personal safety. The strike, in which he participated so valiantly, resulted in diverting an enormous quantity of anti-aircraft fire that would have been hurled at the Torpedo Planes which followed. His action greatly enhanced the success of the torpedo attacks in which severe damage was inflicted upon capital ships of the Japanese Imperial Navy, and materially contributed to the retreat of the enemy fleet. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0845 (February 22, 1945)
Born: July 30, 1922 at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Home Town: Cambridge, Massachusetts


BROWN, THOMAS E.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas E. Brown (0-104355), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron FIVE (VB-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in a dive bombing attack on an enemy carrier during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. This attack, pressed home in the face of heavy anti- aircraft fire, resulted in sinking of the carrier. His gallant conduct greatly contributed to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 2885 (July 7, 1942)
Born: December 7, 1920 at Richton, Mississippi
Home Town: Jackson, Alabama


BROWN, THOMAS MARKHAM
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Thomas Markham Brown (0-59401), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Gunnery Officer aboard the Fleet Oiler U.S.S. NEOSHO (AO-23), when that ship was attacked by Japanese aircraft in the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942, and as acting Executive Officer during the trying days when she was in a sinking condition. His conspicuous courage and resourcefulness during the engagement was directly responsible for the destruction of three enemy planes and the damaging of at least four others. In the days subsequent to the attack, when preparations were being made to abandon ship, he assumed and performed the duties of Executive Officer in a thorough and efficient manner. His conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 02601 (August 27, 1942)
Born: March 7, 1905 at Cleveland, Ohio
Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio


BROWNE, GEORGE H.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to George H. Browne, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SNOOK (SS-279), on the SEVENTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 6 September 1944 to 18 November 1944, in enemy controlled waters of the Pacific War Area. By a series of aggressive and well-executed attacks, Commander Browne sank enemy ships totaling over 20,000 tons and damaged additional vessels for a total of over 8,000 tons. Through his experience and sound judgment Commander Browne brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 01165 (February 9, 1945)
Born: December 6, 1911 at New York, New York
Home Town: San Diego, California


*BROWNE, ROBERT T. (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert T. Browne (0-210798), Lieutenant, Junior Grade (MC), U.S. Navy (Reserve), for distinguished service in the line of his profession, extraordinary courage, and disregard of personal danger while serving as a Medical Officer on board the Destroyer U.S.S. JOHNSTON (DD-557), when his ship was attacked at sea in Philippine waters during the Battle of Samar on 25 October 1944. When word to abandon ship had been given, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Browne remained on board an additional fifteen minutes supplying injured men with life jackets, helping them off the ship, and caring for the wounded in the face of terrific salvos from hostile gun batteries. A calm and courageous leader, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Browne served as an inspiring example of fortitude and loyalty throughout the bitter engagement, sustaining until he was killed by enemy gunfire. By his gallant spirit of self sacrifice, he rendered valiant service to his shipmates at extreme risk to his own life. By his courage, determination, and untiring devotion to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Browne saved many lives. His professional ability, courage, and inspiring devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Medical Corps and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 03657 (December 31, 1944)
Born: October 2, 1916 at Detroit, Michigan
Home Town: Peoria, Illinois


BRUESTLE, LESTER KENNETH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lester Kenneth Bruestle (0-351088), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Torpedo Bomber in action against major units of the Japanese fleet in the vicinity of Kyushu, Japan, on 7 April 1945. Despite adverse weather conditions and in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, Ensign Bruestle skillfully and courageously piloted his plane in a successful torpedo attack on a light cruiser, scoring a direct hit which contributed materially to the sinking of the vessel immediately after the attack. His skill and courage were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0685 (July 4, 1945)
Home Town: Pelican Rapids, Minnesota


BRUNELLE, ALBERT WILFRED
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert Wilfred Brunelle, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as a Member of the crew of Motor Torpedo Boat FOUR HUNDRED NINETY-THREE (PT-493), when it attacked a Japanese Destroyer in Surigao Strait, Philippine Islands on 25 October 1944. During his ship's retirement from the attack, Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class Brunelle was on watch in the engine room when Japanese 4.7-inch shells twice passed through his compartment. Many items of machinery were wrecked, including the auxiliary generator, and a large hole was blown in the side of his ship below the water line. In utter disregard for his own personal safety, he took off his own life jacket and stuffed it into the hole in an attempt to stem the inrushing water. He made emergency repairs upon the machinery which enabled the boat, though apparently in a helpless condition, to maintain its course and escape from the enemy. His magnificent efforts, under the severest of conditions undoubtedly saved the lives of those on board who survived the enemy shelling. The exceptional heroism, intrepidity, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Motor Machinist's Mate Second Class Brunelle were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: March 8, 1923 at Woonsocket, Rhode Island
Home Town: Woonsocket, Rhode Island


BRUNMIER, CARLAND EDWARD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Carland Edward Brunmier, Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron FORTY-FOUR (VF-44), embarked from the U.S.S. LANGLEY (CV-27), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944. After one of our carriers had been seriously damaged, Lieutenant Commander Brunmier courageously led his division in a daring attack against twelve Japanese fighter planes within a much larger formation and, despite the overwhelming odds, succeeded in destroying three enemy planes, thereby contributing in large measure to the dispersal of the hostile forces at a critical time when it was within thirty miles of our surface units. By his splendid airmanship and gallant devotion to duty, Lieutenant Commander Brunmier upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0568 (December 22, 1944)
Born: May 13, 1918 at Corona, California
Home Town: Bloomington, California


*BRUNN, OTHELLO CHRISTIAN (POW-KIA)
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Othello Christian Brunn, Chief Pay Clerk (SC), U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving with the Supply Corps, SIXTEENTH Naval District, Cavite, Philippine Islands, following the Japanese bombing attack on the Cavite Naval Yard beginning on 10 December 1941. Chief Pay Clerk Brunn deliberately braved the danger of exploding munitions and burning buildings to remove official funds from the Navy Yard to a place of safety. In the latter part of the month Chief Pay Clerk Brunn obtained funds from Manila under hazardous circumstances during an intensive bombing, in order to pay off in full, the 6,000 former Navy Yard employees. The conduct of Chief Pay Clerk Brunn throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 302 (May 1942)
Born: July 4, 1903 at Van Buren, Arkansas
Home Town: San Diego, California


BRUNT, ROBERT ROY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Roy Brunt, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIXTEEN (VT-16), embarked from the U.S.S. RANDOLPH (CV-15), in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Inland Sea of Japan on 24 July 1945. Pressing home an aggressive attack against a hostile battleship-carrier in the Kure Naval Base, Lieutenant Brunt succeeded in scoring a direct hit and near misses despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, thereby contributing materially to the destruction of the hostile vessel. His skillful airmanship and courageous devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01849 (September 17, 1947)


BRUSH, FREDERICK JAMES
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Frederick James Brush (0-70049), Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane embarked from the U.S.S. WASP (CV-18), in action in the vicinity of Tokyo Bay on 17 February 1945. Commander Brush skillfully and courageously conducted and led a fighter bomber attack against an enemy aircraft carrier in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. During the attack, he scored one direct bomb hit and one near miss, thereby contributing materially to the sinking of the enemy warships. During the same flight he engaged in aerial combat and damaged one enemy fighter plane. His skill and courage and leadership were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0260 (March 15, 1945)
Born: July 29, 1908 at Susquehanna, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Susquehanna, Pennsylvania


BRUTON, HENRY CHESTER
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Chester Bruton (0-60171), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GREENLING (SS-213), in the successful conduct of an offensive war patrol during the SECOND War Patrol of that vessel from 10 July 1942 until 1 September 1942. In spite of strong enemy counter measures, Lieutenant Commander Bruton coolly and courageously pressed home every favorable attack opportunity and succeeded in sinking a total of 23,950 tons of enemy merchant shipping. During one depth charge attack, depth charges were dropping sufficiently close to jar personnel from their feet and to cause minor damage throughout the ship, but he brought his ship through and his crew home without loss and in splendid offensive spirits. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 24

BRUTON, HENRY CHESTER
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Henry Chester Bruton (0-60171), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GREENLING (SS-213). Lieutenant Commander Bruton conducted an aggressive and successful war patrol in enemy controlled waters, during the THIRD War Patrol of that vessel, from 23 September 1942 to 1 November 1942. He distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against armed enemy forces and by his skill, courage, aggressiveness and determination, succeeded in sinking a total of 32,050 tons of enemy shipping, besides damaging severely one converted aircraft carrier of 22,000 tons. Despite numerous patrol craft on anti-submarine patrol and enemy counter efforts, Lieutenant Commander Bruton brought his ship through unscathed and his crew home without loss or injury and in splendid offensive spirits. His courage and skill were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 03549(December 10, 1942)

BRUTON, HENRY CHESTER
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Henry Chester Bruton (0-60171), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. GREENLING (SS-213), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that vessel in enemy waters during the period 9 December 1942 through 31 January 1943. Lieutenant Commander Bruton adeptly and daringly maneuvered his ship into positions from which to strike the enemy, and aggressively attacked, sinking one 1,500 ton destroyer, three medium-sized cargo vessels, and one small escort vessel, a total of 20,700 tons, and damaging a large tanker of 9,000 tons. He handled his ship expertly to avoid damage from enemy counter measures. His actions and conduct are a continuation of his illustrious record, and are in keeping with the best traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Commander, Southwest Pacific Forces: Serial 0214 (February 18, 1943)
Born: February 15, 1905 at Belleville, Arkansas
Home Town: Little Rock, Arkansas
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BRYAN, BRADY LAWSON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Brady Lawson Bryan (416314), Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on board the Destroyer U.S.S. MEREDITH (DD-726), in saving the lives of four injured men by carrying them out of a totally dark, shattered and flooded engineroom under hazardous conditions, when that vessel struck an enemy mine while engaged in supporting the assault on the Coast of France on 8 June 1944. Chief Machinist's Mate Bryan was in charge of the watch in the after engineroom when the MEREDITH struck a mine. Although dazed, he made his way out of the engineroom, but upon learning that the twelve men of his watch were still below, he, with total disregard for his own safety, and realizing that the room was flooded to within four feet of the overhead, went below and succeeded in rescuing four badly injured members of the crew who otherwise would have gone down with the ship. The courage and decisive action displayed by Chief Machinist's Mate Bryan on this occasion were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Naval Forces, Europe: Serial 001403 (July 8, 1944)
Born: August 4, 1915 at Waterman, Texas
Home Town: Huntington, Texas


*BRYAN, HORACE DEWAIN (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Horace Dewain Bryan (0-278234), Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Combat Plane in Composite Squadron EIGHTY (VC-8), embarked from the U.S.S. MANILA BAY (CVE-61), in action against major units of the enemy Japanese Fleet in the Camotes Sea Area of the Philippine Islands, on 26 October 1944. Taking off from his parent carrier in pursuit of the fleeing remnants of the Japanese task force which had been heavily bettered by our carrier forces on the previous day, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bryan voluntarily carried out a long-range strike in company with planes from several other squadrons and, plunging through a heavy curtain of merciless anti-aircraft fire, upon contact with the enemy, executed a daring bomb attack to score two direct hits on a hostile cruiser, leaving the Japanese warship disabled and smoking heavily. Determined to annihilate the enemy force, he continued his bold tactics, releasing his rockets in a low altitude run which inflicted serous damage below the water line on an enemy destroyer. Stout-hearted and aggressive in the face of fanatic opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bryan, by his superb airmanship, indomitable fighting spirit and tenacious perseverance in the fulfillment of an urgent mission, contributed ,materially to the final rout of the Japanese Fleet and his undaunted courage throughout a period of fierce hostilities upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 02520 (March 4, 1945)
Born: December 8, 1921 at Walsh, Colorado
Home Town: Walsh, Colorado
Personal Awards: Navy Cross (WWII), Air Medal, Purple Heart


BUCHAN, ROBERT B.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert B. Buchan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces over enemy-controlled waters near Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Buchanan pressed home, in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire, a vigorous and determined dive bombing attack on enemy ships, sinking three of them. His outstanding courage, daring airmanship and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander In Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 6 (April 27, 1942)

BUCHAN, ROBERT B.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Robert B. Buchan, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWO (VB-2), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-2), in action against enemy Japanese forces during the Air Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 May 1942. In the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and fierce fighter opposition, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Buchan, leading a flight of his squadron, dived his plane at an enemy Japanese aircraft carrier and released his bomb with calm accuracy. By grim determination and expert appraisal of his objective, he contributed materially to the high percentage of hits inflicted by his particular squadron and assisted in ultimate destruction of the enemy carrier. His individual action was an important factor in the collective success of those United States Naval forces which engaged in the enemy in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Buchan's' outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 307 (October 1942)
Born: January 3, 1916 at Portland, Oregon
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BUCHANAN, CHARLES ALLEN
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Charles Allen Buchanan, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession, in action against the enemy on 12 April 1945, at Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.


BUCHANAN, ROBERT LESTER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Lester Buchanan (0-326183), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as the Pilot of a single- seater, carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Fighting Squadron TWENTY-NINE (VF-29), embarked from the U.S.S. CABOT (CVL-28). On 16 October 1944, in the vicinity of Formosa, Ensign Buchanan was a wingman in an eight-plane formation on Combat Air Patrol. In the face of a large formation of enemy aircraft approaching his own task group he courageously pressed home his attacks and succeeded in destroying five enemy planes without damage to himself. His fearless and aggressive action and his excellent marksmanship contributed greatly to the repulse of this enemy threat and were at all times in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0592 (December 23, 1944)
Born: October 19, 1921 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Clementon, New Jersey


BUCHER, RICHARD C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard C. Bucher (7530131), Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous devotion to duty while serving as a Medical Corpsman with a Rifle Company of the SIXTH Marine Division, in action against the enemy during operations on Orote Peninsula, Guam, Marianas Islands, on 29 July 1944. Without regard for his own personal safety, Hospital Apprentice First Class Bucher went to the aid of three wounded men despite heavy enemy fire from two pillboxes, saving the life of one of them who was bleeding to death. While applying first aid, he himself received a wound in the face that destroyed his right eye. He was pulled to safety and administered first aid. Shortly after first aid had been applied he declared that he was feeling better. Despite his painful wound and the loss of sight of one eye, he began to give first aid to the wounded again until he collapsed from exhaustion. By his courage and efforts in behalf of others at great risk to his own life, Hospital Apprentice First Class Bucher undoubtedly saved many lives, and his steadfast devotion to duty throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commanding General, Fleet Marine Forces, Pacific: Serial 0296/295 (February 5, 1945)
Home Town: Chaign, Illinois


BUCKLEW, PHIL HINKLE
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Phil Hinkle Bucklew, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as a Scout Boat Officer in action against enemy forces during the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Achieving a high degree of success in his capable and resourceful training of scout boat crews for the entire attack force, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bucklew participated in the actual invasion with outstanding courage. Undeterred by glaring searchlight illumination and withering blasts of hostile weapons, he proceeded through hazardous waters, located the designated beach and directed the assault boat wave. Utterly disregarding shore battery and machine-gun fire which repeatedly struck his vessel, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bucklew persevered in guiding subsequent waves to the proper beach. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bucklew throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 334 (January 1945)

BUCKLEW, PHIL HINKLE
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Phil Hinkle Bucklew, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Officer in Charge of an LCT Scout Boat during the amphibious assault on the Normandy Coast of France on 6 June 1944. Embarked in one of the first craft to approach the strongly defended cost, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bucklew successfully accomplished his highly important mission of locating the designated beaches and, despite rough surf and continuous harassing enemy fire, skillfully led the first wave of DD tanks, going in close to the beach and taking his station as guide. Firing his boat's rockets over the tanks at target objectives in support of the landings, he moved in closer to direct his guns at suspected hostile machine-gun nests in houses along the beach and subsequently, in the face of heavy enemy opposition, rescued wounded personnel from burning landing craft and regulated the flow of traffic throughout the morning and afternoon of D-Day. The conduct of Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Bucklew throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 333 (December 1944)
Born: December 18, 1914 at Columbus, Ohio
Home Town: Ashville, Ohio
Personal Awards: 2@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BUCKLEY, FRANKLIN D.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Franklin D. Buckley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of the Minesweeper U.S.S. HERON (AM-10), during operations in Dutch East Indies on 31 December 1941. When the U.S.S. Heron was attacked by 15 hostile planes of various types, Lieutenant Buckley directed the fire of the anti-aircraft battery and succeeded in destroying one bomber, damaging at least one more, and disrupted the effectiveness of the enemy efforts. The conduct of Lieutenant Buckley throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 303 (June 1942)
Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


BUDD, RALPH RANDOLPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Ralph Randolph Budd, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron ONE (VT-1), embarked from the U.S.S. BENNINGTON (CV-20), in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet at the heavily-defended Kure Naval Base, on 24 July 1945. Flying through intense, accurate anti-aircraft fire from numerous enemy warships and strategically located shore batteries which brought to bear on his plane during the entire bombing run and retirement, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Budd coolly singled out a converted battleship despite unfavorable weather which made target identification difficult and, pressing home a daring glide-bombing attack to low altitude, scored a direct hit on the hostile warship. By his gallant fighting spirit, he contributed materially to the success of a coordinated attack in which several capital ships of the Japanese Navy were severely damaged. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Budd's unswerving devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 02040 (October 9, 1945)
Home Town: Gillespie, Illinois


BUELL, HAROLD LLOYD
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Harold Lloyd Buell, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Flight Leader in Bombing Fighting Squadron TWO (VBF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), in action against the enemy fleet in the vicinity of the East Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. In the face of intense, accurate anti-aircraft fire, which blew a three-foot hole in his wing just after release, Lieutenant Buell led his division in a determined, devastating dive bombing attack, himself scoring a direct hit on the large enemy carrier under attack. Although wounded by a fragment from the shell that hit is wing, he flew his severely damaged plane through the night back to our carrier forces. By his brilliant airmanship, aggressive fighting spirit and unwavering devotion to duty, Lieutenant Buell contributed materially to the success of our operations in this historic engagement, and his great personal valor in the face of grave peril was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0438 (August 20, 1944)
Born: November 4, 1919 at Keokuk, Iowa
Home Town: Ottumwa, Iowa


BUIE, PAUL D.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul D. Buie, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane and Commanding Officer of Fighting Squadron 16 (VF-16), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action in the Marianasfrom 11 to 25 June 1944. Commander Buie's outstanding courage, daring airmanship and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: April 6, 1909 at Nashville, Georgia
Home Town: Nashville, Georgia


BULKELEY, JOHN DUNCAN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Duncan Bulkeley, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Commanding Officer of Motor Torpedo Boat THIRTY-FOUR (PT-34), Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron THREE (MTB-3), in connection with military operations against the Japanese enemy forces in the Philippine Area on 18 and 19 January 1942. Despite enemy machine gun fire, Lieutenant Bulkeley searched Binanga Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, for an enemy ship reported therein, located and sank the unidentified 5,000-ton enemy ship with torpedoes without serious damage to his ship or casualty to his crew. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Bulkeley were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: August 19, 1911 at New York, New York
Home Town: Hackettstown, New Jersey
Personal Awards: Medal of Honor (WWII), Navy Cross (WWII), 2@ Distinguished Service Crosses (WWII), Navy Distinguished Service Medal, 2@ Silver Stars (WWII), Purple Heart


BURACKER, WILLIAM HOUCK
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Houck Buracker (0-55970), Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Light Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. PRINCETON (CVL-23), during operations in the Western Pacific during the months of September and October 1944. By his courageous and inspiring leadership of his Carrier and Air Group, Captain Buracker contributed directly toward destroying a large part of the enemy's navy and air force. When his own ship was heavily damaged by superior enemy forces, he made a heroic and determined effort to save her, with utter disregard for his own safety, even in the face of three great explosions, which efforts were continued until the tactical situation demanded that she be sunk by our own fire. The conduct of Captain Buracker throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0427 (December 16, 1944)
Born: July 25, 1897 at Luray, Virginia
Home Town: Winchester, Massachusetts


BURCH, WILLIAM OSCAR, JR.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Oscar Burch, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Flight Leader in Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea, on 10 March 1942. Lieutenant Commander Burch fearlessly led his squadron over high mountains and dense jungles of New Guinea in a dive-bombing attack against three enemy airplane tenders or transports. He and his squadron scored seven direct hits and eight very near misses against the hostile vessels, one direct hit being made by Lieutenant Commander Burch personally, contributed materially to the sinking of the three Japanese ships.

BURCH, WILLIAM OSCAR, JR.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to William Oscar Burch, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Scouting Plane and Commanding Officer of Scouting Squadron FIVE (VS-5), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), in action against enemy Japanese forces at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942, and in the Battle of the Coral Sea on 7 and 8 May 1942. Due to Lieutenant Commander Burch's distinguished and capable leadership, the high combat efficiency attained by units under his command enabled them to deliver five aggressive and exceptionally successful dive-bombing attacks, the first at Tulagi Harbor on 4 May in which at least eight enemy Japanese vessels were destroyed or severely damaged, and later on 7 May, when an enemy carrier was sunk. On 8 May his squadron succeeded in sinking or severely damaging another enemy Japanese carrier and contributed materially to the success of our forces in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Lieutenant Commander Burch's conscientious devotion to duty and gallant self-command against formidable odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

BURCH, WILLIAM OSCAR, JR.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to William Oscar Burch, Jr., Lieutenant Commander [then Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Executive Officer of the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. TICONDEROGA (CV-14), when that ship was hit by an enemy Kamikaze airplane while deployed off Formosa, on 21 January 1945. Organizing fire-fighting crews on the hangar deck after his ship had been hit, Burch was the first to take a hose into the fire despite the billowing flames and continuous ammunition explosions although his clothes caught fire on two occasions. After the fire-fighting crews were functioning, he made his way to secondary control and manned his exposed battle station until severely wounded by shrapnel. Refusing to go to Sick Bay, he gave orders to be carried to the flight deck where he directed the fire fighting until the flames were under control. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: June 27, 1904 at Paducah, Kentucky
Home Town: Paducah, Kentucky
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BURFORD, WILLIAM P
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William P Burford, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for exceptional courage, presence of mind, and devotion to duty and disregard for his personal safety while serving as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. MONAGHAN (DD-354), during the Japanese attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, 7 December 1941. During the sortie of the U.S.S. MONAGHAN from Pearl Harbor, a Japanese submarine was sighted in the harbor. Despite the severe enemy bombing and strafing at the time, Lieutenant Commander Burford, through skillful handling of his ship at high speed in the shoal water and at a bend in the channel, attacked and destroyed the submarine by ramming and with depth charges; and completed the sortie from the harbor in an outstanding manner. The conduct of Lieutenant Commander Burford throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: February 12, 1901 at Walla Walla, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington


BURK, JOSEPH W.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph W. Burk, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while Commanding Motor Torpedo Boat THREE HUNDRED FORTY-SIX (PT-346). During the period November 1943 through January 1944, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burk made twenty-one combat patrols, courageously and aggressively pursuing Japanese barges along the north coast of New Guinea and the west coast of New Britain. He has participated in the destruction of 26 enemy barges, time and again in the face of heavy and accurate fire from shore emplacements. He has been bombed by enemy aircraft and sustained a direct hit on his boat by an enemy 3-inch shell. On 8 January 1944, in company with Motor Torpedo Boat 323, while engaged in attacking 10 enemy barges, fire from heavy shore batteries was encountered. As Officer-in-Tactical- Command, he left the barges and proceeded under the shore batteries, silenced them, and returned to press home the attack on the barges, completely destroying them. Two nights later in company with PT's 326 and 327, he successfully attacked and sank four heavily troop laden barges. One hundred sixty enemy troops are estimated to have been killed in this action which was bitterly resisted by the enemy, and one prisoner of war was taken. He has on two occasions successfully carried out secret missions far behind the enemy lines. The exceptional bravery, aggressive leadership, and outstanding devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burk were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: January 19, 1914 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Beverly, New Jersey


BURKE, ARLEIGH ALBERT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Arleigh Albert Burke, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of a Destroyer Squadron operating in the Northern Solomon Islands area during the period from midnight 30 October to noon 2 November 1943. Captain Burke's squadron, as a part of a task force, participated in the first bombardment of the Buka-Bonis area and in the first daylight bombardment of the Shortland area. During the night of November 1 - 2, a heavier gunned Japanese naval force was met and decisively defeated with the loss to the enemy of one cruiser and four destroyers sunk, and an additional two cruisers and two destroyers damaged. The action contributed much to the success of our operations at Empress Augusta Bay. Thereafter, a heavy air attack by sixty-seven enemy dive bombers was fought off with a total of seventeen enemy planes being destroyed. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: October 19, 1901 at Boulder, Colorado
Home Town: Boulder, Colorado


BURKE, EDMUND MICHAEL
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edmund Michael Burke, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with the Office of Strategic Services during combat operations against enemy force in enemy-occupied territory from 9 September 1944 to 17 October 1944. Landing by parachute behind hostile lines in Haute-Saone Province, France, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burke fearlessly led patriot recruits in three actions against an enemy force which was superior in number and fire power and, exercising courage and strategic ability, contributed materially to the capture of forty-eight hostile soldiers, the killing of a larger number of troops, the liberation of forty-three hostages and the capture of quantities of enemy material. In addition, he voluntarily carried out three exceptionally hazardous reconnaissance missions and repeatedly risked his life while crossing and re-crossing the enemy's lines time after time to procure vital information of great value to the attacking United States Forces. His gallant conduct, initiative and devotion to duty throughout this hazardous mission reflects great credit upon Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burke and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 0678 (May 9, 1949)


BURKE, EDWARD JOSEPH
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Joseph Burke, Captain, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. PLUNKETT (DD-431), during Landing Operations at Anzio, Italy, on 24 January 1944. When his ship was subjeced to the simultaneous heavy attacks of enemy bombers and torpedo planes, Captain Burke maneuvered his vessel with extreme skill and directed intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire on the hostile planes. Although the PLUNKETT suffered six near misses and a direct bomb hit during the sustained and vigorous engagement, he fought his ship so heroically that two of the enemy aircraft were destroyed and a third was observed retreating in smoke. Captain Burke's courageous leadershp and decisive action throughout reflect great credit upon himself, his command and the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Naval Forces HAW: Serial 3293 (May 20, 1944)
Born: November 2, 1907 at Larksville, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania


BURKE, LOUIS EDWARD, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Louis Edward Burke, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in action against enemy Japanese forces in Kure Harbor, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Skillfully leading his group in an attack on major enemy Fleet units including battleships, aircraft carriers, cruisers and destroyers, many of which were camouflaged, Lieutenant Commander Burke piloted his aircraft through intense anti-aircraft fire both from enemy warships in the harbor and batteries on shore to score a direct bomb hit on the battleship. By his skillful airmanship and courage, Lieutenant Commander Burke contributed materially to the severe damage done to this vessel and to its ultimate sinking. His outstanding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01701 (September 3, 1946)


BURKHART, CALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Calvin Burkhart, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber in Bombing Squadron TWENTY (VB-20), embarked from the U.S.S. ENTERPRISE (CV-6), during action against units of the Japanese Fleet in waters west of the Central Philippine Islands during the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Flying as wingman on a search and attack mission when an enemy task force was sighted and his division was assigned an aircraft carrier as a target, Lieutenant Burkhart defied the withering barrages of antiaircraft fire to dive low over the hostile warship and release his bombs at perilously low altitude to score direct hits which started fires and contributed materially to the infliction of extensive damage on the Japanese vessel. His superb airmanship, inspiring courage and unwavering devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Burkhart and the United States Naval Service.
Born: July 17, 1923 at Akron, Ohio
Home Town: Greeley, Colorado


BURLINGAME, CREED C.
(First Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Creed C. Burlingame, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SILVERSIDES (SS-236), during the First War Patrol of that vessel in the immediate vicinity of the enemy Japanese homeland during the period 30 April 1942 to 21 June 1942. Despite vigorous anti-submarine measures on the part of the enemy, Lieutenant Commander Burlingame, availing himself of every attack opportunity with courageous skill and efficiency, succeeded in sinking one 1,400-ton Japanese submarine and a total of 24,227 tons of enemy merchant shipping. After two offensives, the SILVERSIDES became a constant target for aggressive and prolonged counterattacks by the Japanese, but, under capable leadership and resourceful command, she came through without serious material damage. Lieutenant Commander Burlingame's calm fortitude and conscientious devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)

BURLINGAME, CREED C.
(Second Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Navy Cross to Creed C. Burlingame, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SILVERSIDES (SS-236), during the Second War Patrol of that vessel in enemy controlled waters during the period 15 July 1942 to 8 September 1942. Despite strong enemy countermeasures and unfavorable sea conditions, Lieutenant Commander Burlingame took advantage of every opportunity to strike the enemy and in a series of skillfully conducted attacks succeeded in sinking 15,250 tons of enemy shipping and seriously damaging an additional 5,750 tons, without casualty to personnel of his own command. Through his experience and sound judgment Lieutenant Commander Burlingame brought his ship safely back to port. His conduct throughout was an inspiration to his officers and men and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 313 (April 1943)

BURLINGAME, CREED C.
(Third Award)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting a Second Gold Star in lieu of a Third Award of the Navy Cross to Creed C. Burlingame, Captain [then Lieutenant Commander], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. SILVERSIDES (SS-236), on the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine during the period 17 December 1942 to 31 January 1943, in enemy Japanese-controlled waters. Skilled and tireless in the performance of duty, Captain Burlingame courageously launched a series of brilliant torpedo attacks to sink four enemy ships totaling 27, 785 tons and damaged an enemy submarine of 1995 tons. By his effective evasive tactics, he succeeded in escaping severe hostile countermeasures and in bringing his ship safe to port. Captain Burlingame's leadership, courage and devotion to the completion of each perilous mission reflect the highest credit upon himself, his command and the United States Naval Service.
Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet: Serial 0619 (November 18, 1945)
Born: February 27, 1905 at Louisville, Kentucky
Home Town: Georgetown, Kentucky
Personal Awards: 3@ Navy Crosses (WWII)


BURNETT, ROBERT WESLEY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Robert Wesley Burnett, Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Airplane in Torpedo Squadron TWENTY-EIGHT (VT-28), embarked from the U.S.S. MONTEREY (CVL-26), operating against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Marianas Islands during the First Battle of the Philippine Sea, on 20 June 1944. Cool and courageous in the face of intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire from numerous heavily armed enemy warships, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burnett carried out a bold low-level bombing attack against the enemy Fleet, resulting in four direct hits on a Japanese carrier. Returning to his Task Force after a 300-mile flight through darkness and unfavorable weather, he skillfully executed a safe landing in the sea. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burnett's aggressiveness, superb airmanship, daring combat tactics and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0289 (August 3, 1944)
Born: August 15, 1915 at Oakland, California
Home Town: Oakland, California


BURNS, EDWARD STITT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward Stitt Burns, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. HOWORTH (DD-592), in action against enemy Japanese forces while engaged in Transport Screening Operations off Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain, from 1 to 6 April 1945. Maintaining a constant vigil by day and by night, Commander Burns held his ship and her company at the peak of combat readiness and conducted the operations of his command with unfaltering skill and determination as he repeatedly drove off attacking enemy aircraft to provide effective protection for our transports during the assault and occupation of this fiercely defended outpost of the Japanese Empire. Subjected to an extremely heavy aerial assault on 6 April, he met the challenge of viciously diving kamikaze planes with the ready fire of his powerful gun batteries, splashing one suicide diver in flames and shooting down a second close aboard. When eight Japanese planes plunged in coordinated suicide attack against his ship, he maneuvered radically at high speed and delivered a tremendous volume of fire from all guns to destroy four additional enemy planes before a fifth succeeded in crashing the HOWORTH. Instantly initiating damage control measures, Commander Burns quickly minimized the damage to his gallant vessel and returned her safe to port. His indomitable leadership, superb shiphandling and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds throughout an extended period of intensive operations were important factors in the success of the Okinawa Operation and reflect the highest credit upon Commander Burns and upon the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 5th TaskFleet: Serial 01553 (September 13, 1945)


*BURNS, JOHN A. (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John A. Burns, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a Navy OS2U "Kingfisher" embarked from the Battleship U.S.S. NORTH CAROLINA (BB-55), in action against enemy Japanese forces near Truk, in the Pacific War Area on 30 April 1944. Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burns flew boldly to an area within close range of hostile shore batteries to rescue a pilot of a U.S. Navy airplane that had gone down in the vicinity, recovering the pilot as well as the pilot and two crewmen of a previously dispatched OS2U "Kingfisher" that had capsized during an earlier rescue attempt. After transferring the rescued airman to an United States Submarine, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burns returned a second time to rescue yet another downed pilot. Finding his aircraft too heavy and the waters too rough to take off, and while awaiting contact from the American submarine, two more United States Navy airplanes were hit and forced to ditch in the vicinity. Taxiing extensively from one life raft to another, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burns rescued the pilots of both aircraft and each of the two Avenger's two crewmen. By his daring initiative and dedication to duty, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Burns was able to effect the rescue of 10 Naval aviators. His conduct throughout this action reflects great credit upon himself, and was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Born: June 3, 1918 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home Town: Wynnewood, Pennsylvania


BURNS, JOHN SIMEON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Simeon Burns, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Acting Commanding Officer of the Destroyer U.S.S. WALKE (DD-416), in action against enemy Japanese forces during operations in the support of landings in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, from 6 to 14 January 1945. When his ship was severely damaged by a hostile suicide plane and the Commanding Officer fatally wounded, Lieutenant Burns assumed command and, with great initiative and ability, effected immediate temporary repairs which enabled the WALKE to continue operations against the enemy. Although handicapped by the loss of many key officers and men, he reorganized and directed his ship in the performance of her assigned duties, contributing substantially to the success of the Philippine Campaign. His courage and devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon Lieutenant Burns and the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 3332 (November 12, 1946)


BURNS, WILLIAM SHULER
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Shuler Burns, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron FIFTEEN (VT-15, embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese surface forces over the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands on 24 October 1944. Leading his division through intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Burns pressed home his attack to close range, scoring a hit and inflicting damage. His courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0451 (December 17, 1944)
Born: August 30, 1917 at Lebanon, Virginia
Home Town: Lancaster, Pennsylvania


*BURR, LELAND MOTHERSHEAD (KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Leland Mothershead Burr (0-128611), Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving as Staff Watch Officer on board the Transport Ship U.S.S. CALLAWAY (APA-35), Flagship of Transport Division TWENTY-SIX, when that vessel was struck by a Japanese plane off the Coast of Luzon, in the Philippine Islands, on 8 January 1945. At his post on the starboard wing of the bridge when the enemy craft exploded close by his station, starting raging fires and inflicting serious casualties on the ship's company, Lieutenant Commander Burr unhesitatingly rushed forward although his clothing was aflame, to aid crewmen trapped in the 20-mm. clipping room abaft the bridge and, disregarding the searing pain of burns received in the initial blast, resolutely entered the twisted, blazing compartment where ready ammunition was exploding violently. Carrying one man to safety, he gallantly forced his way back through the blinding smoke and scorching flames for the second casualty and succeeded in removing him despite additional burns sustained in his struggle to extricate the unconscious man. Steadfastly refusing medical care, he staunchly continued his valiant efforts, fighting the spreading fires and rendering assistance wherever possible until ordered to sick bay by his Commanding Officer. Unwavering in his devotion to duty, he insisted on briefing his replacement in the details of the beachmaster's responsibilities and lucidly discussed with the Attack Force Control Officer such problems as might arise during the coming assault against Luzon, ultimately lapsing into a coma from which he never recovered. Concerned only for the safety of his ship and her company, Lieutenant Commander Burr, by his indomitable determination and self-sacrificing conduct in the face of apparent disaster, served as an inspiring example to the officers and men with whom he served and his great personal courage throughout a critical period upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Authority: Board Serial 00190 (January 13, 1945)
Born: November 11, 1907 at Montclair, New Jersey
Home Town: Lincoln, Massachusetts


BURROWS, ALBERT C.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Albert C. Burrows, Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. WHALE (SS-238), during the FOURTH War Patrol of that submarine in the period 10 May 1943 to 21 June 1943, in waters of the shipping lanes between Japan, Truk, and Saipan. Taking timely advantage of every favorable attack opportunity, Commander Burrows, with courageous skill and persistent determination, succeeded in sinking four hostile freighters totaling 33,506 tons. Despite vigorous anti-submarine measures on the part of the enemy, he managed, by expert maneuvering, to bring his ship through an extremely hazardous period without serious material damage to herself or personal casualties to her crew. His superb seamanship and conscientious devotion to duty, maintained with utter disregard of personal safety, were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Authority: Board Serial 36 (July 8, 1943)
Born: September 23, 1905 at Shawnee, Oklahoma
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


BURRUS, JOHN CLINTON
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John Clinton Burrus, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron SIX (VT-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), in the attack on major units of the Japanese fleet in Kure Harbor, Japan, consisting of battleships, carriers and heavy cruisers, on 24 July 1945. Courageously leading his division through heavy anti-aircraft fire from enemy warships and strategically-placed shore batteries, Lieutenant Burrus pressed home a determined bombing attack on a large aircraft carrier and scored one of two direct hits obtained by his division on the enemy warship. Lieutenant Burrus' gallant fighting spirit and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions fo the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 01680 (September 1, 1945)
Born: December 15, 1903 at Washington, D.C.
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


BUSCK, VILHELM KLEIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Vilhelm Klein Busck, Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander, LST Group FIFTEEN during operations at Vella Lavella during the period 1 to 27 October 1943. On 1 October, when a ship under his command was set afire by dive-bombing attacks and her crew forced to abandon her, Commander Busck boarded the vessel alone and surveyed the extent of damage in the midst of flames and explosions from her ignited cargo of gasoline and ammunition. He expertly directed fire-fighting operations until repeated bombings rendered the ship untenable. Later, during the initial landing on the Treasury Islands, he calmly supervised unloading activities under hostile fire. Commander Busck's inspiring leadership and the valiant devotion to duty of his command contributed in large measure to the outstanding success of these vital missions and reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 336 (March 1945)
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


BUSH, BILLY
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Billy Bush, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber and Flight Leader in Bombing Fighting Squadron TWO (VBF-2), embarked from the U.S.S. HORNET (CV-12), during action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the First Battle of the Philippine Sea on 20 June 1944. Carrying out a dive bombing attack in the face of hostile anti-aircraft fire, Lieutenant Bush scored a direct hit to assist in destroying a large enemy carrier and, with his craft's fuel supply exhausted during the return to base, executed a water landing near his carrier. By his skill as an airman and devotion to duty, Lieutenant bush upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, Fast Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0438 (August 20, 1944)
Born: May 28, 1920 at Pueblo, Colorado
Home Town: Denver, Colorado


BUTEL, JOSEPH LOUIS
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Joseph Louis Butel, Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane of Fighting Squadron SIX (VF-6), embarked from the U.S.S. HANCOCK (CV-19), during action against enemy Japanese forces at Kure Harbor, Japan, on 25 July 1945. Undaunted by hazardous weather condition that closed in the target, Ensign Butel boldly plunged through a small opening in the clouds and, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, carried out an attack against major units of the Japanese Fleet, personally scoring a direct hit to leave a hostile battleship on fire and smoking. By his skill as an airman and devotion to duty, Ensign Butel upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 2d Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 1942 (September 26, 1945)


*BUTLER, JOHN CLARENCE (MIA-KIA)
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to John Clarence Butler (0-104236), Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron THREE (VB-3), embarked from the U.S.S. YORKTOWN (CV-5), during the "Air Battle of Midway," against enemy Japanese forces on 4 - 6 June 1942. Ensign Butler took part in dive-bombing attacks against Japanese naval forces in the Battle of Midway. Disregarding the extreme danger from intense anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighter opposition, he, vigorously and with heroic determination, pressed home his attacks against the Japanese invasion fleet thereby contributing in great measure to the glorious and decisive victory of our forces. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 309 (December 1942)
Born: February 2, 1921 at Liberty, Arizona
Home Town: Phoenix, Arizona


BUTLER, WILLIAM CLAYTON, JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to William Clayton Butler, Jr., Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving on board the Light Cruiser U.S.S. BOISE (CL-47), during action against enemy Japanese naval forces off Savo Island during the Battle of Cape Esperance on the night of 11 - 12 October 1942. Lieutenant Commander Butler's conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Born: October 5, 1907 at Bristol, Virginia
Home Town: Washington, D.C.


BUTT, NOAH BROWN, JR.
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Noah Brown Butt, Jr., Lieutenant, Junior Grade [then Ensign], U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Fighter Plane in Composite Squadron SEVENTY-SIX (VC-76), embarked from the U.S.S. PETROF BAY (CVE-80), during operations against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the Battle for Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944. Participating in a six-plane fighter strike carried out without surface support, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Butt boldly attacked the large enemy Task Force in the face of an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire. Despite the overwhelming odds and the fact that his plane made a conspicuous target due to the small number of planes in the strike, he lashed at the enemy with grim determination and succeeded in diverting an enormous quantity of anti-aircraft fire that otherwise would have been hurled at our Torpedo Planes which followed him in. By his action, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, Butt contributed greatly to the success of the torpedo attacks which resulted in the infliction of extensive damage upon capital ships of the Japanese Navy. His gallant fighting spirit, coolness under fire and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 7th Fleet: Serial 0845 (February 22, 1945)
Born: September 19, 1921 at Cocoa, Florida
Home Town: Roanoke, Virginia


BUTTS, JOHN L., JR.
Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to John L. Butts, Jr., Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Dive Bomber of Bombing Squadron SIX (VB-6), embarked from the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action on 24 October 1944, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippine Islands. His outstanding courage and determined skill were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Born: December 20, 1920 at Miami, Florida
Home Town: Sumterville, Florida


BYRNE, PAUL VINCENT
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Paul Vincent Byrne, Lieutenant [then Lieutenant, Junior Grade], U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane in Torpedo Squadron EIGHTY-THREE (VT-83), embarked from the U.S.S. ESSEX (CV-9), in action against enemy Japanese Fleet units at the Kure Naval Base, Honshu, Japan, on 19 March 1945. Participating in an attack on major ships of the enemy Fleet, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, Lieutenant Byrne pressed home his attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire to score a direct hit on an enemy aircraft carrier. His skill, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Commander, 1st Carrier Task Force, Pacific: Serial 0807 (July 6, 1945)
Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


BYROM, JACK ALVIN
Citation:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Jack Alvin Byrom, Chief Petty Officer, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while in charge of a Scout Boat from the Transport Ship U.S.S. JOSEPH T. DICKMAN (AP-26), during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from 8 to 11 November 1942. Preceding the assault on Fedala on 8 November, Chief Petty Officer Byrom skillfully maneuvered his craft in complete darkness from the transport area six miles off the coast toward the landing beach designated for the assault battalion of the Joseph T. Dickman. Despite a dangerous rock reef at the end of the beach and enemy batteries menacing the shore, he located his position and by prescribed signals guided incoming boat waves of troops. Although under fire from hostile forces, Chief Petty Officer Byrom gallantly maintained his station until his mission was accomplished, thereby contributing to the successful landing of our troops. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Navy of the United States.
Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin No. 319 (October 1943)
Born: March 28, 1914 at Durant, Oklahoma
Home Town: Durant, Oklahoma

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