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Full Text Citations For Award of
 
The Navy Cross to Members of the US Navy
 World War 1 
1298 Total Awards

Sinkings & Rescues

A total of 181 Navy Crosses were awarded for heroic actions during or in the aftermath of attacks at sea that resulted in the sinking of an American or Allied vessel.  Every effort was extended, often at great personal risk, to rescue survivors of these attacks.

The recipients listed below do not include the following, who are listed in the section on Chaplains and Corpsmen:

1 Chaplain and 3 Corpsmen were involved in the Florence H Rescue
2 Corpsmen were involved in the USS Mount Vernon Rescue.
1 Corpsman was involved in the USS Cassin Explosion.

A - C

Aldrich, Robert Wesley
Seaman, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Robert Wesley Aldrich, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the boat's crew of the U.S.S. Sultana at the time of the burning of the Florence "H". Aldrich went among the burning wreckage and exploding ammunition at great personal risk to rescue men who had been thrown into the water.

 

*Alicke, Rudolph
Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Machinist's Mate Rudolph Alicke, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in action with a German submarine, September 30, 1918. When that vessel was torpedoed, he remained below and performed duty in the engine room after the engineer officer on watch had deserted his post and gone on deck. Chief Machinist's Mate Alicke thereby lost his life.

 

*Ausburne, Charles L.
Electrician First Class, U.S. Navy
US Army Transport Antilles
Date Of Action:
October 17, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician First Class Charles L. Ausburne, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on the Army Transport Antilles when that vessel was torpedoed. At the emergency wireless stations, Electrician First Class Ausburne sent out distress signals until the vessel went down, thereby losing his life.

 

Avery, Charles E.
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Wilmore
Date Of Action:
September 12, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Charles E. Avery, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious service as commander of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Wilmore. On September 12, 1917, that ship was torpedoed, the after gun was wrecked by the explosion. The forward gun was manned. The ship sank in eight minutes. The commander of the Armed Guard was the last to leave. He fell into the water and was picked up. He is considered to have handled the situation in a highly commendable manner.

 

Aymar, Robert W.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Robert W. Aymar, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of t he crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of the Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Bailey, Fred C.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Senior Assistant Engineer, U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander Fred C. Bailey, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as senior assistant engineer of the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when that vessel was torpedoed on September 5, 1918. When the torpedo struck, Lieutenant Commander Bailey immediately rushed below, closed the main steam bulkhead stops, and shifted over the feed lines from groups flooded by the explosions, thus preventing the steam from
falling to a point where it would have been impossible to operate the main engines and maneuver the ship. This was a very important contribution toward the saving of the ship.

 

Beglin, William J.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
US.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman William J. Beglin, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer, to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of the Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Bickford, Archie M.
Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Covington
Date Of Action:
July 1, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Water Tender Archie M. Bickford, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on the U.S.S. Covington on
the occasion of the torpedoing of that vessel on July 1, 1918. Though at the time, in water up to his waist, and at the foot of the only escape ladder from the fire room, he attempted to reach the safety valves of his boilers in order to remove the menace of their explosion.

 

Blau, Thomas
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. May
Date Of Action:
August 8, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Thomas Blau, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as officer in charge of the party sent from the U.S.S. May to the Westward Ho, which had been torpedoed and abandoned by her crew, as a result of which this ship was salvaged and towed, stern-first, for a distance of 315 miles, and the ship and her valuable cargo saved.

 

Boot, Frank John
Chief Electrician, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. San Diego
Date Of Action:
July 19, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Electrician Frank John Boot, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. San Diego on the occasion of the mine explosion resulting in the loss of that vessel July 19, 1918. Upon feeling the shock of the explosion, Chief Electrician Boot proceeded at once to the dynamo room, where alone he made every effort to provide current for battle circuits and boat cranes. The dynamo room was partly flooded as a result of the explosion, but he kept his station as long as there was any possibility of service.

 

Bouchard, John M.
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. McCall
Date Of Action:
September 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class John M. Bouchard, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as a member of the crew of the U.S.S. McCall on September 9, 1918, the Canadian Pacific ocean service passenger S. S. Missanbie was torpedoed twice by a German sub. Boatswain's Mate Second Class Bouchard, with other members of the crew, rescued the survivors of the Missanbie at imminent risk of life, and for this heroic duty should be considered as having performed distinguished service in the line of duty.

 

Brant, William J.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Truxton
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class William J. Brant, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism
as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Truxton to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned int he harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of the Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Truxton's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves, and, assisted by boats from other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

Bratton, M. Gans
Chief Carpenter's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Carpenter's Mate M. Gans Bratton, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin, October 15, 1917. Chief Carpenter's Mate Bratton, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restating masts and improvising means of towing. They set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Brown, Henry C.
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Christabel
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class Henry C. Brown, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Christabel to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Christabel's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Brunssen, Louis F.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Louis F. Brunssen, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Burch, William E.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman William E. Burch, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service rendered when the U.S.S. William Rockefeller was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Burch remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. Burch went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns

 

*Burke, Raymond P.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Raymond P. Burke, U.S. Navy,
for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service rendered when the U.S.S. William Rockefeller was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Burke remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. Burke went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Burnett, Charles
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Westbridge
Date Of Action:
August 15, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate First Class Charles Burnett, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as a member of a party of volunteers under Lieutenant Connolly, which went on board the U.S.S. Westbridge after that vessel had been torpedoed on August 15, 1918, and remained on board under difficult conditions, until the vessel was brought into port.

 

Burns, Frank T.
Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate First Class Frank T. Burns, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Byrnes, James C., Jr.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
July 1, 1918 & August 15, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander James C. Byrnes, Jr., U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of
the U.S.S. Smith, operating in the war zone and protecting vitally important convoys of troops and cargo vessels through the area of submarine activity and in rescuing the crews of the torpedoed ships Covington, July 1, 1918 and Westbridge August 15, 1918.

 

Cargill, George B.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class George B. Cargill, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Carter, James P.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman James P. Carter, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Caudell, John Henry
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate John Henry Caudell, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service while a member of the
crew of the U.S.S. Smith which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been torpedoed and remained there five days, steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

Chambers, Raymond
Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Water Tender Raymond Chambers, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service, and marked efficiency, courage,
and zeal in the performance of duty in the fireroom of the U.S.S. Mount Vernon after that ship was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Childress, Paul
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Paul Childress, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Coleman, Daniel Joseph
Seaman, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Alcedo
Date Of Action:
November 5, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Daniel Joseph Coleman, U.S. Navy (Reserve
Forces), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on the U.S.S. Alcedo, when that vessel was torpedoed and sunk on November 5, 1917. After abandoning the ship Coleman had succeeded in getting on a crowded life raft, when another man approached the raft, Coleman, without hesitation, slipped off the raft and swam away in search of another raft or life boat, abandoning his place to another. He eventually found other support and was saved.

 

Connolly, James T.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman James T. Connolly, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and the explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Seaman Connolly, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulk heads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger
and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Connolly, Richard L.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Westbridge
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Richard L. Connolly, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession on the occasion of the torpedoing of
the Westbridge, when he, with a party of eight others remained on board for five days steering by hand and handling the lines from the tugs, while the ship was towed four hundred miles to port.

 

Conover, Gardiner
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, U.S.S. Moreni
Date Of Action:
June 12, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Gardiner Conover, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving as a member of the Armed Guard of the U.S.S. Moreni in an engagement with an enemy submarine on June 12, 1917. Though wounded early in the engagement, Conover continued to remain with his Gun's Crew, and by personal example and advice encouraged them to continue the fight, and was one of the last to leave the ship when she was abandoned.

 

Conroy, J. J.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
US.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain J. J. Conroy, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Cook, Frederick L.
Electrician First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician First Class Frederick L. Cook, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession. Frederick L. Cook remained at his post after all hands had left the ship sending out S.O.S. calls
while the ship was under fire, and it became necessary for him to jump overboard to reach one of the small boats.

 

Coon, Marvin L.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Marvin L. Coon, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Copassaki, Andrew
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Moreni
Date Of Action:
June 12, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Andrew Copassaki, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in command of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Moreni; especially for very prompt action engaging enemy submarine at 4 a. m. June 12, 1917. The ship, upon attack, was soon in flames, but crew continued to fight although outranged until driven to boats by flames. Moreni hit 45 times. The crew was cheered by Germans for their plucky fight.

 

Cram, George E.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Christabel
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant George E. Cram, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Christabel to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Christabel's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

D - G

Davis, John Leo
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Second Class John Leo Davis, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion of the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Davis, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restating masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Day, Roy Elmer
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. N-3
Date Of Action:
July 23, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Roy Elmer Day, U.S. Navy, for
extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving on the U.S.S. .N-3 on July 23, 1918, when that vessel was struck by a shell, starting a leak, and flooding the torpedo compartment. Chief Gunner's Mate Day showed conspicuous courage and presence of mind, taking prompt and efficient action to prevent flooding other compartments, and remaining at his post in the face of danger.

 

Delaney, James
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Campana
Date Of Action:
August 6, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate James Delaney, U.S. Navy, for
exceptionally meritorious service as commanding officer of the Armed Guard on the S.S. Campana in an engagement with an enemy submarine. On August 6, 1917 the S.S. Campana fought a submarine for four hours at long range with guns, and were compelled to abandon ship when ammunition ran out. The report indicates that the Armed Guard under Delaney's command showed proper zeal, and the situation was handled in a very satisfactory manner.

 

Donley, Charles Frederick
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate First Class Charles Frederick Donley, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent
out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crew of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Doyle, James M.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Gunnery Officer, U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander James M. Doyle, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as gunnery officer of the U.S.S.
Mount Vernon, upon the occasion of the torpedoing of that vessel on September 5, 1918.

 

Duffy, Paul Thomas
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Second Class Paul Thomas Duffy, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties; and also for the efficiency, courage, and zeal he displayed in aiding in saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when that ship was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Eastman, Ray
Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Water Tender Ray Eastman, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service and devotion to duty while serving on the U.S.S. Mount Vernon, when that vessel was torpedoed on September 5, 1918. Watertender Eastman was in a fireroom, and handled his men with coolness when water had gone out of sight in the boilers, lights extinguished and communications broken. His bearing and conduct set an example which was an important factor in maintaining discipline and contributed to the saving of the ship.

 

Eccleston, Howard R.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Howard R. Eccleston, U.S. Navy, for
extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Eller, Roscoe A.
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Roscoe A. Eller, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U. S.S. Cassin on October 15,1917. It was largely due to the coolness, leadership and devotion to duty of this man, and other members of the crew that the vessel was not lost. Chief Gunner's Mate Eller was untiring in his work
of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Ellison, Walter A.
Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Fireman First Class Walter A. Ellison, U.S. Navy, for
extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crew of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Fisher, Frank R.
Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Machinist's Mate Frank R. Fisher, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Cassin. After the torpedoing of
that vessel on the explosion on board, Chief Machinist's Mate Fisher went into a compartment from which smoke was pouring, and into which a magazine opened, together with two officers to inspect conditions in the magazine, and locate the source of the fire. Afterwards, with others, he was untiring in shoring up bulkheads, etc. setting a splendid example to others.

 

Flaut, Jesse A.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Jesse A. Flaut, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Flink, Charles
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Lake Owens
Date Of Action:
September 3, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Charles Flink, U.S. Navy, for distinguished
service in the line of his profession while serving as member of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Lake Owens. When that vessel was torpedoed on September 3, 1918, in the night, the commander of the guard was injured and rendered unconscious in his stateroom. Coxswain Flink took charge and manned the guns, but the submarine could not be seen. The merchant crew abandoned the ship, which was sinking rapidly. Flink then carried the unconscious commander to the boats, the main deck then being awash.

 

Floe, Sanford M.
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. McCall
Date Of Action:
September 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Second Class Sanford M. Floe, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as a member of the crew of the U.S.S. McCall on September 9, 1918, when the Canadian Pacific ocean service passenger S.S. Missanabie was torpedoed twice by a German sub. Gunner's
Mate Floe, with other members of the crew, rescued the survivors of the Missanabie at imminent risk of life, and for this heroic duty would be considered as having performed distinguished service in the line of duty.

 

Follis, John Joseph
Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Fireman First Class John Joseph Follis, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service, and for zeal and courage displayed in the engine room of the U.S.S. Mount Vernon, when that ship was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Frank, Harold M.
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Stewart
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class Harold M. Frank, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Stewart to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Stewart's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Freedman, Louis W.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
S.S. Lewis Luckenbach
Date Of Action:
October 11, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Louis W. Freedman, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and gallant conduct as radio operator of the Steamship Lewis Luckenbach on the occasion of an encounter with an enemy submarine on October 11, 1917. The radio antennae having been carried away by bursting shrapnel from the enemy, Freedman repaired this under fire and continued to maintain communication with the U.S.S. Nicholson until that vessel arrived and compelled the submarine to submerge.

 

Garrison, Columbus R.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Motano
Date Of Action:
July 31, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Columbus R. Garrison, U.S. Navy, for exceptional meritorious and distinguished service as commanding officer of the Armed Guard for the steamship Motano. The Motano was torpedoed and sunk by a submarine in the English Channel July 31, 1917, and the reports indicate that the commanding officer of the Armed Guard and the members of his force were imbued with proper zeal and that they were well trained and efficient.

 

Garvey, Frank B.
Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Third Class Frank B. Garvey, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Gates, Edwin G.
Chief Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Stewart
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Second Class Edwin G. Gates, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Stewart to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Stewart's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

*Gibson, Harry L.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Jacob Jones
Date Of Action:
December 6, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Harry L. Gibson, U.S. Navy,
for heroic conduct following the sinking of the Jacob Jones on December 6, 1917. Chief Boatswain's Mate Gibson displayed cheerful conduct and was an inspiration to the rest of the crew.

 

Gordon, John
Boilermaker, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boilermaker John Gordon, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Boilermaker Gordon, with other
members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up_ bulkheads, restaying masts and improvising means of towing. Boilermaker Gordon set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Greeley, Joseph M.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. McCall
Date Of Action:
September 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Joseph M. Greeley, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as a member of the crew of the U.S.S. McCall on September 9, 1918. The Canadian Pacific Ocean service passenger S.S. Missanabie was torpedoed twice by a German submarine. Seaman Greely, with other members of the crew rescued the survivors of the Missanabie at imminent risk of life and for this heroic duty should be considered as having performed distinguished service in the line of duty.

 

Griffin, Francis H.
Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Water Tender Francis H. Griffin, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service, and also for courageous conduct and devotion to duty as member of the crew of the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when that ship was torpedoed in. the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Gundlach, Francis K.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Idomenequs
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Francis K. Gundlach, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession for remaining on board
the U.S.S. Idomenequs, on which he was detailed a signalmaster, after that ship had been torpedoed by an enemy submarine, and abandoned by her crew, when it was found that there was a possibility of her remaining afloat.

H - L

Hale, Raymond W.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Raymond W. Hale, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Harrington, Fred
Chief Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Second Class Fred Harrington, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Harris, Haven F.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Dora
Date Of Action:
September 4, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Haven F. Harris, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in command of the Armed Guard on the S.S. Dora, at the time when the Dora was torpedoed and sunk by an enemy submarine, September 4,1918. Chief Boatswain's Mate Harris is commended
for his heroic conduct in handling the gun crew at the time and also for rescuing one of the men who had fallen from the rigging and fractured both legs.

 

Harris, William O.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign William O. Harris, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Hazzard, Norman K.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Norman K. Hazzard, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Heath, William A.
Blacksmith, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Blacksmith William A. Heath, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Blacksmith Heath, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restating masts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Heller, John C.
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Second Class John C. Heller, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Hennessey, William J.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
S.S. Actaeon
Date Of Action:
November 24, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain William J. Hennessey, U.S. Navy, for devotion to duty and heroic conduct when the steamer Actaeon was torpedoed by a German submarine and sunk on the night of November 24, 1917. Coxswain Hennessey remained at his gun until everyone else was leaving the ship. He also showed excellent conduct while adrift in a small boat.

 

Hodge, James
Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Water Tender James Hodge, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties in aiding in saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when that ship was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1917.

 

Hoffman, George
Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster Second Class George Hoffman, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of an explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Quartermaster Second Class Hoffman, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying massts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Homiak, Steif
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Armenia
Date Of Action:
December 5, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Steif Homiak, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in command of the Armed Guard on the S.S. Armenia when it was torpedoed off Lizard Light (City of Naples). The account of the torpedoing indicates that the members of the Armed Guard under
his command were imbued with the proper zeal, that they were trained, and efficient.

 

Hoover, Earl E.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Stewart
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Earl E. Hoover, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Stewart to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Stewart's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Hudson, Ben Francis
Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Machinist's Mate Ben Francis Hudson, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself in the performance of his duties in aiding in saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when that ship was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Huston, Myron E.
Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate First Class Myron E. Huston, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service when the U.S.S. William Rockefeller was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Gunner's Mate Huston remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. Huston went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Ihrig, Russell M.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. McCall
Date Of Action:
September 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Russell M. Ihrig, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic conduct as an officer of the U.S.S. McCall upon the occasion of the sinking of the British steamship Missanabie on September 9, 1918. The McCall, having gone to the assistance of the wrecked Missanabie, it became necessary to lower a small boat in a rough sea for the rescue of the passengers. Ensign Ihrig requested and received permission to take charge of this boat, and with a volunteer crew, under extremely difficult and dangerous conditions, succeeded in rescuing from the sea a number of survivors of the Missanabie, who but for such assistance so unselfishly and promptly given, must have drowned.

 

Johnson, Irvin
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Lewis Luckenbach
Date Of Action:
October 11, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Irvin Johnson, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious service in command of the Armed Guard of the steamship Lewis Luckenbach especially for very prompt action at 5.30 p.m., October
11, 1917, when an enemy submarine was sighted. The Armed Guard opened fire and it is believed that submarine was hit, as she submerged. At about 8 o'clock the ship was struck by a torpedo and started sinking. The crew and Armed Guard abandoned ship.

 

Johnston, Robert A.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Robert A. Johnston, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Johnstone, Roger
Yeoman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Yeoman Second Class Roger Johnstone, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Jones, Charles E.
Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Fireman First Class Charles E. Jones, U.S. Navy, for
extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Jones, Hayden H.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Hayden H. Jones, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Kasper, Laddie J.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Laddie J. Kasper, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service when the U.S.S. William Rockefeller was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Kasper remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. He went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until
called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Kelly, John J.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class J. J. Kelly, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Kelly, Lawrence J.
Chief Electrician, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Jacob Jones
Date Of Action:
December 6, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Electrician Lawrence J. Kelly, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service on board the U.S.S. Jacob Jones,
which was struck by a torpedo from an enemy submarine on the afternoon of December 6, 1917, until the last moment, in order to cut adrift splinter masts and life preservers. By remaining on board he greatly endangered his life.

 

King, Wallace A.
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Christabel
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class Wallace A. King, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Christabel to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Christabel's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Klein, Jacob H., Jr.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
May 31, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Commander Jacob H. Klein, Jr., U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of the U.S.S.
Smith, operating in the war zone and protecting vitally important convoys of troops and cargo ships through the area of submarine activity, and for resolute and skilful action in rescuing the crew of the U.S.S. President Lincoln, on May 31, 1918, after that ship had been torpedoed.

 

Lamberton, Roy F.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Truxton
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Roy F. Lamberton, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Truxton to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Truxton's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Lee, Oscar H.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Oscar H. Lee, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Wanderer to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Wanderer's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Lee, Walter Francis
Machinist's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Machinist's Mate Second Class Walter Francis Lee, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service while a member of the crew of the U.S.S. Smith, who voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been torpedoed and remained there five days steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance
of 400 miles.

 

Leeck, Walter Arthur
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Walter Arthur Leeck, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service while a member of the crew of the U.S.S. Smith which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been torpedoed and remained there five days steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct, the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

Leonhardt, Eugene F.
Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate First Class Eugene F. Leonhardt, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Gunner's Mate Leonhardt, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring
up bulkheads, restaying masts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Lind, Wallace L.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Executive Officer, U.S.S. President Lincoln
Date Of Action:
May 31, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander Wallace L. Lind, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as executive officer of the U.S.S. President Lincoln, in so efficiently organizing, instructing, and drilling the crew
of that vessel so that everything possible was done to save the ship after she was torpedoed on May 31, 1918.

 

Lindholm, William
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain William Lindholm, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Logan, Marion B.
Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Quartermaster Marion B. Logan, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service while a member of the crew of the U.S.S. Smith which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been
torpedoed and remained there five days steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct, the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

Lutomski, Stanley F.
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Stanley F. Lutomski, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties in aiding and saving the U. S. S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed on September 5, 1918.

 

*Lynch, Roscoe
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class Roscoe Lynch, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in action with a German submarine. September 30, 1918. When that vessel was torpedoed, Engineman Lynch remained below and performed duty in the engine room after the engineer officer on watch had deserted his post and gone on deck. Lynch thereby lost his life.

 

Lyons, Charles John
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Charles John Lyons, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service and devotion to duty while serving on the U.S.S. Mount Vernon, when that vessel was torpedoed on September 5, 1918. Chief Boatswain's Mate Lyons went to his station on the main deck to assist with collision mats, and under instructions went to the. forecastle to clear the dip rope. He went over the side in a bowline and succeeded under dangerous conditions.

M - P

Malone, Michael J.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Stewart
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Michael J. Malone, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Stewart to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Stewart's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Marray, Denis
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Denis Marray, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U. S. S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Coxswain Marray, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Martin, Carl C.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Carl C. Martin, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally
meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. William Rockefeller when that ship was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Martin remained at his station as pointer until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned.

 

Martin, Charley Francis
Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Atlantic Sun
Date Of Action:
March 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Quartermaster Charley Francis Martin, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in command of the Armed Guard on the S.S. Atlantic Sun. Very prompt action was taken by Chief Quartermaster Martin and the men under his command when this vessel was torpedoed amidships. It appears that the guns were used as long as they could be until the list of the ship interfered with them so that they became useless. The vessel
sank rapidly, and the Armed Guard commander was last to leave the ship.

 

Mathias, Frank M.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Frank M. Mathias, U.S. Navy,
for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

McCabe, George C.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Reid
Date Of Action:
July 1, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate George C. McCabe, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as a member of the crew of the U.S.S. Reid, and one of the working party sent on board the Covington which had been torpedoed. While assisting in salvage work, Chief Boatswain's Mate McCabe showed great courage and devotion to duty just before she was abandoned and while in a sinking condition with her lower rail awash.

 

McCabe, Harold E.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Harold E. McCabe, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

McCann, Edward Mitchell
Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Fireman First Class Edward Mitchell McCann, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin, on October 15, 1917. Chief Water Tender McCann, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring
up bulkheads, relaying masts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

McCauley, George S.
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
USS Wanderer
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class George S. McCauley, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the boat's crew of the U.S.S. Wanderer at the time of the burning of the
Florence H. Boatswain's Mate Macauley went among the burning wreckage and exploding ammunition at great risk to rescue men who had been thrown into the water.

 

McClaren, John Walter
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander John Walter McClaren, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in entering the after magazine of the U.S.S. Cassin to determine conditions there, when smoke was found to be pouring out of the handling room, after the explosion on the Cassin, following the torpedoing of that ship, on October 15, 1917.

 

McKinley, Andrew
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Andrew McKinley, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service while a member of the crew of the U.S.S. Smith, which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been torpedoed, and remained there five days, steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct, the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

Messier, Henry J.
Boatswain, U.S. Navy
Date Of Action:
October 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain Henry J. Messier, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession in volunteering to go on board the torpedoed British steamer Huntscliffe, on October 17, 1918, in the hope of saving that vessel, and remaining on board and continuing efforts at salvage until it became necessary to abandon the ship.

 

Metcalf, Martin K.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. O'Brien
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Commander Martin K. Metcalf, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. O'Brien, engaged in the important, exacting and hazardous duty of patrolling waters infested with enemy submarines and mines, in escorting and. protecting vitally important convoys of troops and supplies through these waters, and in offensive and defensive action, vigorously and unremittingly prosecuted against all forms of enemy naval activity; and particularly for good seamanship displayed on the
occasion of the rescue of the Captain and part of the crew of the Vandalia, following the torpedoing of that vessel.

 

Miller, Hans O. L.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Hans O. L. Miller, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Seaman Miller, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Mimms, Sam, Jr.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Sam Mimms, Jr., U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. William Rockefeller when that ship was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Mimms remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. He went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Moorhead, John R.
Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Third Class John R. Moorhead, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. William Rockefeller when that ship was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Gunner's Mate Moorhead remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. He went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Morris, Paul E.
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class Paul E. Morris, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Muller, Frank L.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Frank L. Muller, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and gallant service as an officer of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga
on the occasion of the engagement of that vessel with a submarine September 30, 1918.

 

Mulligan, Arthur I.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Arthur I. Mulligan, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the
U.S.S. William Rockefeller when that ship was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Mulligan remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. He went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Murphy, William Joseph
Chief Engineer, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Engineer William Joseph Murphy, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Engineman Murphy, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger
and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Music, Wallace F.
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class Wallace F. Music, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in action with a German Submarine, September 30, 1918. When that vessel was torpedoed, Engineman Music performed extra duty in the engine room, after the engineer officer on watch had abandoned his post.

 

Myers, John R.
Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Water Tender John R. Myers, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties and for the courage and zeal displayed in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Nielson, Charles Marienius
Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Third Class Charles Marienius Nielson, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties and for the courage and zeal displayed in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Nuttall, John Robert
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain John Robert Nuttall, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. Smith, which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been torpedoed and remained there five days steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct, the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

O'Brien, William F.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard U.S.A.T.C. Lucia
Date Of Action:
October 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate William F. O'Brien, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in command of the Armed Guard on U.S.A.T.C, Lucia when it was torpedoed on October 17, 1918. The crew was capable and dependable under critical conditions. Chief Boatswain's Mate O'Brien, with his men, remained on duty 21 hours after the ship was struck, taking no time off for sleep and only a few moments for food, which was brought to their station.

 

O'Douherty, James Patrick
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class James Patrick O'Douherty, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Oehl, Alfred H.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Alfred H. Oehl, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Boatswain's Mate Oehl, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Olsen, Norman
Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster Second Class Norman Olsen, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Opperud, Edward
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
S.S. City of Wilmington
Date Of Action:
April 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Edward Opperud, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the gun crew of the City Of Wilmington, which was destroyed by fire on April 13, 1918. Opperud was commended for the faithful, efficient, and courageous performance of his duties.

 

Osterhouse, Harry
Chief Turret Captain, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Petrolite
Date Of Action:
June 10, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Turret Captain Harry Osterhouse, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in command of the Armed Guard of the steamship Petrolite, which was attacked by enemy submarine. Submarine came to surface and opened fire. The Armed Guard did not have opportunity to open fire on submarine. Part of Petrolite's gun crew was picked up by a British ship and assisted in defense of the English vessel, of which mention was made in dispatches of British Admiralty.

 

Owens, Rufus Wallace
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Rufus Wallace Owens, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Boatswain's Mate Owens, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Parker, Jacob Stanley
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Jacob Stanley Parker, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. Smith, which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had
been torpedoed and remained there five days steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct, the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

*Patterson, William C.
Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Fireman First Class William C. Patterson, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in action with a German submarine, September 30, 1918. When that vessel was torpedoed; Fireman First Class Patterson went below and took charge in the fire room and kept up steam
after the regular fire room watch had deserted the fire room, and thereby lost his life.

 

Pedeson, Olaf
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
US.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Olaf Pedeson, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Peterman, Walter G.
Chief Electrician, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Electrician Walter G. Peterman, U.S. Navy, for
extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Electrician Peterman, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

R - S

Reinlein, Frank G.
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Machinist's Mate First Class Frank G. Reinlein, U.S.
Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Rickey, William Stephen
Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Water Tender William Stephen Rickey, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties, and for the courage and zeal displayed in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when this ship was torpedoed on September 5, 1918.

 

Riley, Joseph
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Montanan
Date Of Action:
August 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Joseph Riley, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commander of the Armed Guard
of the S.S. Montanan. On August 15, 1917, two torpedoes were sighted and the vessel was maneuvered so that they missed; a third torpedo, however struck the ship and exploded. The submarine was sighted. The explosion jammed the forward gun and the after gun could not be trained in the direction of the attack. The Commander of the Armed Guard secured confidential papers and finally jumped overboard. The Commander of the Armed Guard is considered to have handled the situation in a highly commendable manner.

 

Ringelman, Gustave A.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Gustave A. Ringelman, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism as an officer of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga
during the engagement of that vessel with an enemy submarine, September 30, 1918.

 

Robbins, Walter
Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Machinist's Mate Walter Robbins, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Machinist's Mate Robbins, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Rockwell, Sherburne B.
Ensign, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Sherburne B. Rockwell, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Rogers, John W.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
S.S. Florence H
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman John W. Rogers, U.S. Navy, for heroic conduct and devotion to duty while serving as a member of the Armed Guard of the S.S.
Florence H on April 17, 1918, when that ship, loaded with explosives blew up in Quiberon Bay, France. Rogers at the risk of his life remained on the deck throwing loose wood over the side to assist men in the water and after going overboard, gave up the timer to which he was clinging to save others.

 

Roman, Stanley F.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. McCall
Date Of Action:
September 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Stanley F. Roman, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. McCall. On September 9, 1918, the Canadian Pacific ocean service passenger S.S. Missanabie was torpedoed twice by a German sub. Chief Boatswain's Mate Roman, with other members of the crew, rescued the survivors of the Missanabie at imminent risk of life, and for this heroic duty should be considered
as having performed "distinguished service in the line of duty."

 

Ryan, Claude H.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Tyler
Date Of Action:
May 2, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Claude H. Ryan, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as commander of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Tyler, and also for the heroic manner in which he conducted himself on the night of May 2, at the time the ship was torpedoed, and at all times. In
commending him the master of the Tyler stated: "No praise can be too good for him."

 

Samuelson, Albert F.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
S.S. Actaeon
Date Of Action:
November 24, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Albert F. Samuelson, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and heroic conduct when the steamer Actaeon was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine on November 24, 1917. Seaman Samuelson proceeded to his gun without waiting for orders, and subsequently while adrift in the small boats stood additional watches for men who were too sick to perform this duty.

 

Sanders, David T.
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Reid
Date Of Action:
July 1, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate First Class David T. Sanders, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. Reid and one of the working party sent on board the Covington which had been torpedoed. While assisting in salvage work, Boatswain's Mate Sanders showed great courage and devotion to duty just before she was abandoned and while in a sinking condition with her lower rail awash.

 

Sanghove, Clifford J.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Clifford J. Sanghove, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism as an officer of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga, during the engagement of that vessel with an enemy submarine, September 30, 1918.

 

Saunders, James A.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant James A. Saunder, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of the torpedoing of the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15,1917. Following the explosion, it was found that smoke was pouring out of the handling room, immediately adjoining the magazine. Lieutenant Saunders, Lieutenant J. W. McClaran, and Chief Machinist's Mate F. R.
Fisher went into the compartment, well knowing what degree of danger might be incurred in so doing, opened and inspected the magazine and located the course of the fire, which was found to be outside of the magazine.

 

Schaperow, James H.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate James H. Schaperow, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Schroeder, William H.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class William H. Schroeder, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. William Rockefeller when that ship was sunk by a torpedo on the night of May 18, 1918. Seaman Schroeder remained at his station until the ship was so far down at the stern end that the guns could not be manned. He went to the magazines, opened the same, and stood by until called to see that ammunition was sent to the guns.

 

Schwimmer, Charles Edwin
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class Charles Edwin Schwimmer, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Scott, Harry Alonza
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class Harry Alonza Scott, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the courage and zeal displayed in the engine room after the U.S.S. Mount Vernon was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Sears, Claire G.
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Cubore
Date Of Action:
August 15, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate Claire G. Sears, U.S. Navy, for
distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Cubore. On August 15, 1918, that ship was torpedoed. The guns were manned but the submarine was not sighted. The Commander of the Armed Guard secured confidential papers and threw them overboard, went below to see all persons were out of the ship, and was the last man to leave. The Commander of the Armed Guard is considered to have handled the situation in a highly commendable manner.

 

Shabouth, Anthony
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Whipple
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Anthony Shabouth, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Whipple to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Whipple's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Shatto, Lawrence
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Truxton
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Lawrence Shatto, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Truxton to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Truxton's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Shea, Patrick Francis
Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Water Tender Patrick Francis Shea, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Shuey, Ralph Waldo E.
Chief Yeoman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Yeoman Ralph Waldo E. Shuey, U.S. Navy, for
extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Yeoman Shuey, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Simpson, C. Isaac
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Date Of Action:
October 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate C. Isaac Simpson, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession in volunteering to go on board the torpedoed British steamer, Huntscliffe on October 17, 1918, in the hope of saving that vessel under difficult conditions and remaining on board until the vessel sank.

 

Smitha, Carl Thomas
Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Water Tender Carl Thomas Smitha, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for the splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Snow, Herbert E.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Christabel
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Herbert E. Snow, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism in charge of a boat sent out from the U.S.S. Christabel to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The officers and crews of the Christabel's boats drove their boats into the burning mass and succeeded in saving the lives of many men, who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Sorensen, Peter K.
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Platuria
Date Of Action:
September 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate Peter K. Sorensen, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Platuria. On September 15, 1917, a torpedo was sighted just before it struck the ship. The boats on one side were wrecked by the explosion and the ship listed heavily and turned bottom up in seven minutes. The commander of the Armed Guard jumped off the bridge as the vessel was going down, and was rescued. The enemy submarine came to the surface and picked up men in the water. The commander of the Armed Guard is considered to have handled the situation in a highly commendable manner.

 

Spear, Evans F.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. McCall
Date Of Action:
September 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Evans F. Spear, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. McCall. On September 9, 1918, the Canadian Pacific ocean service passenger
S.S. Missanabie was torpedoed twice by a German submarine. Coxswain Spear, with other members of the crew, rescued the survivors of the Missanabie at imminent risk of life, and for this heroic duty should be considered as having performed "distinguished service in the line of duty."

 

Stanbaugh, Mortimer G.
Water Tender, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Water Tender Mortimer G. Stanbaugh, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service and for splendid manner in which he conducted himself and performed his duties in aiding and saving the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when she was torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean on September 5, 1918.

 

Staton, Adolphus C.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Executive Officer, U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Commander Adolphus C. Staton, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as executive officer of the U.S.S. Mount Vernon when that vessel was torpedoed on September 5, 1918. The discipline
manifested by the officers and crew of the Mount Vernon was excellent, and it is considered that the high state of efficiency found to prevail under the trying conditions of the torpedoing and subsequently was largely due to the energy and zeal of this officer.

 

Stawitzki, John F.
Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Gunner's Mate John F. Stawitzki, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Chief Gunner's Mate Stawitzki, with other members of the crew, was untiring in his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Stephens, John H.
Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. William Rockefeller
Date Of Action:
May 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate First Class John H. Stephens, U.S.
Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the crew of the U.S.S. William Rockefeller, which was torpedoed and sunk on May 18, 1918, by an enemy submarine. Boatswain's Mate Stephens was commended for the highly satisfactory and exceptional manner in the performance of his duty until ordered by the commanding officer to abandon the ship.

 

Sullivan, Thomas P.
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Thomas P. Sullivan, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

T - Z

*Thomas, Clarence C.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Vacuum
Date Of Action:
April 28, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Clarence C. Thomas, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious service in command of the Armed Guard of the S.S. Vacuum, when that ship was torpedoed about 10.30 a. m. April 28, 1917. The ship started sinking so fast it was impracticable to open fire, and all hands took to boats. Lieutenant Thomas died from exposure in an open boat. It is believed that Lieutenant Thomas was first officer lost in the war.

 

Todd, Walter Homer
Carpenter's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Smith
Date Of Action:
August 15 - 20, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Carpenter's Mate Third Class Walter Homer Todd, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the
crew of the U.S.S. Smith, which voluntarily went aboard the Westbridge after she had been torpedoed and remained there five days steering the damaged vessel by hand. Due to heroic conduct, the Westbridge was brought into port from a distance of 400 miles.

 

Trainor, Harold W.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Truxton
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Harold W. Trainor, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S.
Truxton to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Truxton's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Trautner, Joseph B.
Chief Master at Arms, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Lewis Luckenbach
Date Of Action:
October 11, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Master at Arms Joseph B. Trautner, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession and for heroic action as commander of the Armed Guard of Steamship Lewis Luckenbach in an engagement with an enemy submarine on October 11, 1917. That vessel was attacked by an enemy submarine, and the engagement lasted four hours, during which nine shells struck the ship, started fires and damaged it. Upon the arrival of the U.S. Destroyer Nicholson in response to wireless calls the submarine submerged and the ship was saved.

 

Udolfsky, David
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Reid
Date Of Action:
July 1, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Second Class David Udolfsky, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as member of the U.S.S. Reid and one of the working party sent on board the Covington, which had been torpedoed. While assisting in salvage work, Gunner's Mate Udolfsky showed great courage and devotion to duty just before she was abandoned and while in a sinking condition with her lower rail awash.

 

Van Horn, Evans C.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
U.S.S. Christabel
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Evans C. Van Horn, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Christabel to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Christabel's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Wacker, Vincent M.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Vincent M. Wacker, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Walker, Daniel
Boatswain's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Boatswain's Mate Second Class Daniel Walker, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the
U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Walker, Lloyd
Seaman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Stewart
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Lloyd Walker, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Stewart to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Stewart's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Warren, Gregory A.
Coxswain, U.S. Navy
Date Of Action:
October 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Coxswain Gregory A. Warren, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession in volunteering to go on board the torpedoed British steamer Huntscliffe on October 17, 1918, in the hope of saving that vessel under difficult conditions and remaining on board until the vessel sank.

 

Wassberg, Hilding F.
Gunner's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Sultana
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Gunner's Mate Second Class Hilding F. Wassberg, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Sultana to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Sultana's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Waterhouse, Harry
Chief Turret Captain, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Petrolite
Date Of Action:
June 10, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Turret Captain Harry Waterhouse, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as commanding officer of the Armed Guard of the steamship Petrolite, at the time of the sinking of the Petrolite by
a submarine. The account of the torpedoing indicates that members of the Armed Guard under his command were imbued with proper zeal and that they were well trained and efficient, and that he handled the situation in a most excellent manner.

 

Weber, John
Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Armed Guard, S.S. Santa Maria
Date Of Action:
February 25, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Boatswain's Mate John Weber, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of Armed Guard of the S.S. Santa Maria. On February 25, 1918, the ship was torpedoed in the night, an attempt to beach her failed, and the ship had to be abandoned. The merchant crew left the ship, but the Armed Guard remained on board at gun stations, until the ship was awash, then the escort came alongside and took off the guard, the ship sinking immediately thereafter. The commander of the Armed Guard is regarded as having handled the situation in a highly commendable manner.

 

Weichbrodt, Edward Henry
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Cassin
Date Of Action:
October 15, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Machinist's Mate First Class Edward Henry Weichbrodt, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty on the occasion of the torpedoing of and explosion on the U.S.S. Cassin on October 15, 1917. Machinist's Mate Weichbrodt, with other members of the crew, was untiring in
his work of shoring up bulkheads, restaying masts, and improvising means of towing. He set an example to the younger and less experienced members of the crew.

 

Wentworth, Emerson B.
Chief Yeoman, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Mount Vernon
Date Of Action:
September 5, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Yeoman Emerson B. Wentworth, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service and devotion to duty while serving on the U.S.S. Mount Vernon, when that vessel was torpedoed September 5, 1918. Chief Yeoman Wentworth went to his station at the forward fire control to assume charge, and was on the ladder leading to it, when the ship was struck. By admonitions and physical exertions he forced men back to their stations and duties, materially aiding the proper operation of the fire control and displaying high qualities of leadership.

 

Whitmarsh, Ross P.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
S.S. Dwinsk
Date Of Action:
June 18, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Ross P. Whitmarsh, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in. the line of his profession as the officer in charge of an open boat which put off from the steamship Dwinsk after the torpedoing of that vessel and
remained afloat for 10 days, much of the time in a raging storm, before being rescued. Lieutenant Whitmarsh's courage and hopefulness under these trying and perilous conditions set an example to others in the boat, maintaining a spirit of cheerfulness when the chances of rescue seemed almost negligible.

 

Willoughby, Edward J.
Carpenter's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Ticonderoga
Date Of Action:
September 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Carpenter's Mate First Class Edward J. Willoughby, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in action with a German Submarine, September 30, 1918. When that vessel was torpedoed, Carpenter's Mate First Class Willoughby continued to perform his duty in sounding holds and transmitting orders, after being wounded, until the order was given to abandon the ship.

 

Wilson, Harold R.
Seaman Second Class, U.S. Navy
U.S.S. Corona
Date Of Action:
April 17, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Seaman Second Class Harold R. Wilson, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism as a member of the crew of boats sent out from the U.S.S. Corona to the rescue of men from the
Florence H, which vessel, loaded with explosives, was burned in the harbor of Quiberon on the night of the 17th of April, 1918. Almost immediately after the outbreak of fire the water in the vicinity of Florence H was covered with burning powder boxes, many of which exploded, scattering flames throughout the wreckage. The crews of the Corona's boats drove their boats into the burning mass without thought of danger to themselves and, assisted by boats from the other ships present in the harbor, succeeded in saving the lives of many men who, but for the help so promptly and heroically extended, must have perished in the wreckage.

 

Windsor, Charles Clifford
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S.S. May
Date Of Action:
August 8, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander Charles Clifford Windsor, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of the U.S.S. May, operating in the war zone, and particularly for his splendid seamanship in salvaging the U.S.S. Westward Ho, after that ship had been torpedoed
on August 8, 1918, when he towed this vessel stern-first for a distance of 300 miles, saving the ship and her valuable cargo.

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