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Full Text Citations For Award of
 
The Navy Cross to Members of the US Navy
 World War 1 
1298 Total Awards

Naval Aviation

A total of 120 Navy Crosses were awarded to Naval Aviators flying seaplanes, bombers, and dirigibles in combat actions and patrols.

A - C

Almour, George W.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant George W. Almour, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Bartlett, Harold T.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander Harold T. Bartlett, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator engaged in active operations co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc. Attached to the Northern Bombing Groups.

 

Bassett, Charles C.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Charles C. Bassett, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to
the Northern Bombing Group in active operations co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, and railroad junctions.

 

Beach, Charles F.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Engineer Officer, U.S. Air Station, Montchic
Date Of Action:
September - World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Charles F. Beach, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Engineer Officer of the U.S. air Statin at Montchic, and as a participant in a number of raids with the British Squadron including several combats with enemy airplanes.

 

Benjamin, Henry R.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Henry R. Benjamin, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Bernstein, Dudley
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
July 19 & 29, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Machinist's Mate First Class Dudley Bernstein, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession in airplane fights over the North Sea, on July 29, 1918, when an enemy submarine was attacked and probably damaged, and on July 19, 1918 when another submarine was attacked.

 

Beswick, Howard A.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Howard A. Beswick, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for exceptionally meritorious service on patrol and convoy duty while serving as pilot of seaplanes in the vicinity of Wexford, Ireland.

 

Blair, William M.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) William M. Blair, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Burnham, Addison C., Jr.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Commander of a Dirigible, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Addison C. Burnham, Jr., U.S. Navy
(Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of a dirigible engaged in patrol and convoy nights, in the war zone, in which operations he did exceptional work, pushing his flights to the limits of physical and material endurance.

 

Callan, John L.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander John L. Callan, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Campbell, Hugh G.
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Hugh G. Campbell, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of airplanes, in which capacity he showed exceptional daring and fought several times within the enemy's lines, attacking at low altitudes.

 

Carpenter, Hobart C.
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class Hobart C. Carpenter, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of
the Northern Bombing Groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front from June to November 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Carson, Julian F.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Julian F. Carson, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service in the line of his profession as pilot of seaplanes, especially in an engagement with an enemy submarine on August 13,1918, when although under fire from the submarine he was imbued with such coolness and skill that he was able to disable the submarine by dropping bombs and force her to return to port.

 

Chord, Amos
Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner, French Aviation Unit (Attached), U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster First Class Amos Chord, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in the French Unit of the U. S. Naval Aviation Service. Quartermaster Chord took part in an engagement with an enemy submarine on August 13, 1918, off Dunkirk and displayed courage and daring in answering enemy shell fire with a machine gun.

 

Clark, Robert H.
Quartermaster, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster Robert H. Clark, U.S. Navy (Reserve
Forces), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as a pilot in a seaplane stationed at Porto Corsini, Italy. Quartermaster Clark showed marked courage and exceptional flying ability, and took part in raids over enemy territory under fire.

 

Coash, Russell F.
Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Observer, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster First Class Russell F. Coash, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as an observer in an airplane flight over the North Sea. On August 13, 1918, he released bombs which seriously damaged a submarine.

 

Compo, George L.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign George L. Compo, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Correy, William M.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander William M. Correy, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as an air pilot making many daring nights
over the enemy's lines, also for untiring and efficient efforts toward the organization of U.S. Naval Aviation, foreign service, and the building up of the northern bombing project.

 

Culbert, Frederick P.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Capitaine Caussin, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
April 25, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Frederick P. Culbert, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism on the occasion of the fall of the French dirigible Capitaine Caussin on April 25, 1918. Two of the crew of the dirigible were in the nose of the machine and jumped overboard immediately. Being encumbered by their fur-lined coats and boots they called for help, and Lieutenant Commander Maxfield went to their assistance. When he in turn called for help Lieutenant Culbert went overboard and swam to the assistance of the three who were in danger of drowning.

D - K

Davison, Harry P.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Unit U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Harry P. Davison, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

DeCernea, Edward
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Edward DeCernea, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service in the line of his profession as pilot of seaplanes engaged on anti-submarine patrol and especially for an attack upon an enemy submarine on August 13, 1918, in which the submarine is believed to have been destroyed.

 

Delano, Merrill P.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Commander of a Dirigible, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Merrill P. Delano, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer
of a dirigible engaged in patrol and convoy flights, in the war zone, in which operations he did exceptional work, pushing his fights to the limits of physical and material endurance.

 

Desgranges, Harry E.
Engineman Second Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Engineman Second Class Harry E. Desgranges, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of
the Northern Bombing Groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front from June to November 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Duffett, Wayne
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Unit U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Wayne Duffett, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Easterwood, Jesse L.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Jesse L. Easterwood, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Fahey, Charles
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Charles Fahey, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes to the Northern Bombing Group inactive operations, cooperating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc

 

Fallon, Nugent
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Nugent Fallon, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of a seaplane operating with the Royal Air Force Station at Felixstowe, England. Lieutenant Nugent participated in several successful offensive patrols over the North Sea and made one
of the first experimental flights from towing lighters. He made one raid over Heligoland Bight, in company with several other British seaplanes during which one enemy seaplane was destroyed.

 

Fellers, William M.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Observer, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign William M. Fellers, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism as an observer in a seaplane which was being utilized for the test of a new method of aerodynamic control. Realizing the pilot was practically helpless to control the machine, Lieutenant Fellers nevertheless accompanied the pilot into the air and they continued the experiment in order that the test might be complete.

 

Froas, Paul E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Aviator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Paul E. Froas, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as an aviator, engaged in the hazardous duty of bombing enemy submarines from the base at Wexford, Ireland.

 

Frothingham, Philip B.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Philip B. Frothingham, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to
the Northern Bombing Group in active operations cooperating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc.

 

Gardner, Alfred
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Commander of a Dirigible, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Alfred Gardner, U.S. Navy (Reserve
Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of a dirigible engaged in patrol and convoy flights, in the war zone, in which operations his did exceptional work, pushing his flights to the limits of physical and material endurance and upon one occasion broke all records for length of flight for her type of ship.

 

Garvey, Edward T.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Aviator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Edward T. Garvey, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service as an aviator, engaged in the hazardous duty of bombing enemy submarines from aeroplanes from the base at Wexford, Ireland.

 

Gaston, William
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Aviator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) William Gaston, U.S. Navy (Reserve
Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator operating with U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service, and with the British school of night bombing. Lieutenant Gaston made several raids over enemy lines.

 

Gates, Carroll W.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Carroll W. Gates, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Hale, David C.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Davis C. Hale, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France, cooperating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front, from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Haviland, Willis B.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Willis B. Haviland, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Hodges, Charles E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Charles E. Hodges, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to
the Northern Bombing Group in active operations co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc.

 

Holliday, Thomas C.
Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy
French Unit (Attached), US Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
May 6, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster First Class Thomas C. Holliday, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in the French Unit, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces. On May 6, 1918, the seaplane in which he, with two officers, had been making an antisubmarine patrol, was wrecked near Dunkirk. In spite of injuries to himself, Quartermaster First Class Holliday dived repeatedly to rescue the officers.

 

Hoyt, Henry W.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Balloon Observer, U.S.S. Huntington
Date Of Action:
September 17, 1917

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Henry W. Hoyt, U.S. Navy, for heroism and devotion to duty in the line of his profession, while serving on the U.S.S. Huntington, when that vessel arrived in the war zone on September 17, 1917, he went
up as observer in a captive balloon, known to be of an unsatisfactory type, and notwithstanding the danger, remained in the balloon during rain squalls followed by a stiff breeze, which caused the balloon to descend and deflate, rendering it unstable. The balloon was reeled in, but rolled about and pitched violently, injuring the observer, and finally the basket dragged under water. Lieutenant Hoyt was finally rescued from his desperate position by an enlisted man who went overboard from the ship.

 

Huey, Sidney L.
Electrician First Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician First Class Sidney L. Huey, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France, cooperating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory, and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Ingalls, Davis S.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September 15, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Davis S. Ingalls, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as pilot of an aeroplane when on September 15, 1918, he led a flight of five machines on a low bombing raid on an enemy aerodrome. On the homeward journey he shot down a two-seater enemy aeroplane in flames. He further participated in two other low bombing raids and upon still another occasion shot down an enemy kite-balloon in flames near Ostend.

 

James, Alvah L.
Chief Machinist's Mate, U.S. Navy
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Machinist's Mate Alvah L. James, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Johansen, Elmer L.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Elmer L. Johansen, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Johnson, Albert R.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Albert R. Johnson, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a pilot operating with U. S.
Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service, and with Royal Air Force. Lieutenant (j.g.) Johnson took part in many bombing raids over the North Sea and the enemy coast.

 

Jones, Jay Rucker
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
Observer, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Machinist's Mate First Class Jay Rucker Jones, U.S.
Navy, for distinguished and heroic service in the line of his profession as an observer in the U. S. Naval Aviation Forces, with a record of ten hours over the German lines. Machinist's Mate Jones took part in aerial combats with enemy planes.

 

Judd, David E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign David E. Judd, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to the Northern Bombing Group in active operations cooperating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc.

 

Kennedy, Charles W.
Electrician First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician First Class Charles W. Kennedy, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Keyes, Kenneth B.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Kenneth B. Keyes, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a naval aviator attached to the British royal air station at Felixstowe, England, and especially for his services on the
occasion of the encounter with a number of enemy machines during which one of these machines was destroyed and another one seriously damaged.

 

Kilmer, Oliver P.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Oliver P. Kilmer, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Knowles, George W.
Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Quartermaster George W. Knowles, U.S. Navy,
for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as a pilot in a seaplane stationed at Porto Corsini, Italy. Chief Quartermaster Knowles showed marked courage and exceptional flying ability, and took part in raids over enemy territory under fire.

L - P

Lawrence, Arthur N.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Arthur N. Lawrence, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator operating with the United States and British air forces in the war zone. Lieutenant (j.g.) Lawrence took part in many raids
over the enemy's lines.

 

Lee, Benjamin
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Benjamin Lee, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator operating with the U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service, engaged in patrolling the waters of the war zone, escorting and protecting troop and cargo ships and operating against enemy submarines.

 

Lee, Lewis H.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Lewis H. Lee, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator operating with the U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service, engaged in patrolling the waters of the war zone, escorting and protecting troop and cargo ships and operating against enemy submarines.

 

Lehan, Ralph A.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
October, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Ralph A. Lehan, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces),
for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in the line of his profession as an aviator, engaged in patrolling over enemy submarines in October, 1918.

 

Little, Charles G.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Commander of a Dirigible, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Charles G. Little, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer
of a dirigible engaged in patrol and convoy flights, in the war zone, in which operations he did exceptional work, pushing his flights to the limits of physical and material endurance.

 

Loomis, Ralph Lane
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Ralph Lane Loomis, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Lovett, Robert A.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
October & November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Robert A. Lovett, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession in connection with the organization of the northern bombing group, and for active and daring raids over the enemy line in Belgium against submarine bases at Ostend and Zeebrugge, and for raids made in co-operation with the allied armies during the retirement of the enemy on the Belgian front during October and November, 1918.

 

Ludlow, George H.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Chase Plane, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 21, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign George H. Ludlow, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism as pilot of a chase plane on August 21, 1918, in a
patrol for dropping propaganda on Pola, and in an attack on a superior force of land planes.

 

Lynch, Francis R. V.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Francis R. V. Lynch, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a member of the U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service. Lieutenant (j.g.) Lynch was engaged in patrolling the waters of the war zone, escorting and protecting troop and cargo ships, and operating against enemy submarines.

 

*MacLeisch, Kenneth
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
October, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Kenneth MacLeisch, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as a pilot attached to the U. S. Naval Aviation Force
in the war zone. Lieutenant MacLeisch took part in operations against the enemy forces on land and was shot down and killed in the drive in Flanders during October, 1918.

 

Maxfield, Lewis H.
Commander, U.S. Navy
Capitaine Caussin, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
April 25, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Commander Lewis H. Maxfield, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism on the occasion of the fall of a French dirigible in which he was acting as direction pilot. Two enlisted men in the nose of the dirigible went overboard when it struck the water. Being encumbered by their fur-lined suits and boots, both men called for help, and Commander Maxfield jumped overboard and went to their assistance. The dirigible drifted away and he had much difficulty in keeping them up, but succeeded in doing so until help arrived.

 

McCormack, Alexander A.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Alexander A. McCormack, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service in the line of his profession as a pilot of airplanes serving with the U.S. Naval Aviation Forces in Europe and with the Royal Air Force. Lieutenant McCormack took part in raids over enemy lines and was killed in making a forced landing from one of these raids.

 

McCrary, Frank R.
Commander, U.S. Navy
US Naval Aviation (Ireland)
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Commander Frank R. McCrary, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as commanding officer of a U. S. Naval Aviation detachment in Ireland.

 

McDonnell, Edward O.
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander Edward O. McDonnell, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as a pilot attached to U.S. Naval Aviation
Forces abroad. Lieutenant Commander McDonnell took an important and valuable part in organizing U. S. Northern Bombing Groups. Lieutenant Commander McDonnell made several extremely hazardous flights over the Alps in machines which were known to be structurally imperfect.

 

McIlwaine, Archibald G., Jr.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Archibald G. McIlwaine, Jr., U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

McKinnon, Thomas N.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Thomas N. McKinnon, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to
the Northern Bombing Group in active operations co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc.

 

McNamara, John F.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Aviator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign John F. McNamara, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a member of the U. S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service, engaged in patrolling the waters of the war zone, escorting and protecting troop and cargo ships, and operating against enemy submarines.

 

Morgan, David P.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) David P. Morgan, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Moseley, George C.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign George C. Moseley, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an air pilot operating with the United
States, British and French aviation forces. Ensign Moseley took part in many raids over the enemy lines.

 

Multanen, Emil H.
Electrician Third Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician Third Class Emil H. Multanen, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Murray, Cecil D.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Cecil D. Murray, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an air pilot operating with United States and British forces. Lieutenant Murray took part in raids over enemy lines in co-operation with British Squadron No. 214.

 

Murray, Charles P.
Electrician First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician First Class Charles P. Murray, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of
airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Neal, Albert Alphonse
Motor Machinist First Class, U.S. Navy
Observer, French Aviation Unit (Attached), US Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 11, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Motor Machinist First Class Albert Alphonse Neal, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in the French Unit of the U. S. Naval Aviation Forces as an observer. On August 11, 1918, Machinist's Mate Neal took part with an officer in successfully bombing an enemy submarine off Dunkirk. It is believed the submarine was destroyed.

 

Nisbet, James A.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign James A. Nisbet, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

O'Connor, Cornelius J.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Cornelius J. O'Connor, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a pilot of seaplanes making flights for patrolling the sea and bombing enemy coasts, showing at all times a high spirit of courage and of duty.

 

*O'Gorman, Matthew E.
Yeoman First Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Yeoman First Class Matthew E. O'Gorman, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front, from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Otis, James S.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) James S. Otis, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Page, Schuyler C., Jr.
Electrician Second Class, U.S. Navy
Observer, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician Second Class Schuyler C. Page, Jr., U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as an observer in airplanes in bombing raids over the North Sea in numerous patrol flights, and on two occasions, when enemy submarines were bombed.

 

Palmer, Clyde N.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Clyde N. Palmer, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to
the Northern Bombing Group in active operations co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc.

 

Parker, Austin
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Austin Parker, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

*Potter, Steven
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
March 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Steven Potter, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator attached to the British Royal Air Force. Ensign Potter participated in a number of offensive patrols in the North Sea and on March 13, 1918, shot down and destroyed an enemy seaplane. He was himself shot down in flames in the North Sea on April 25, 1918.

 

*Pou, Edwin S.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
September 17 & October 26, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Edwin S. Pou, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot on September 17 and October 26, 1918, in bombing operations against enemy submarines, on one of which occasions the submarine attacked was officially reported as haying been destroyed. Later Ensign Pou lost his life in a seaplane accident.

 

Purdy, Herbert McLean
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
September 21, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Herbert McLean Purdy, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as pilot of an airplane acting in the war zone, and especially for the bombing of an enemy submarine on September 21,1918, with the result that the submarine is believed to have been destroyed.

R - Z

Roe, George T.(POW)
Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
May 30, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Commander George T. Roe, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service and extraordinary heroism as an aviator
attached to the British Royal Air Force. Ensign Roe participated in many offensive patrols over the North Sea. On May 30, 1918, the seaplane in which Ensign Roe was second pilot made a forced landing in the North Sea, owing to engine trouble. While the crew were engaged in making temporary repairs, five enemy seaplanes appeared and opened fire. Ensign Roe and his companions heroically returned the fire and continued to fight until two of the crew had been killed and three were knocked overboard. After destroying their machine the remaining survivors were picked up by the German seaplanes and taken to the enemy naval base at Borken, where they were made prisoners of war.

 

Rollhaus, Philip Edward
Electrician Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Radio Operator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
July 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician Third Class Philip Edward Rollhaus, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as radio operator in an aeroplane over the North Sea on July 9, 1918, when an enemy submarine was successfully attacked.

 

Ropke, Harry A.
Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy
Observer, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Machinist's Mate First Class Harry A. Ropke, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and exceptionally meritorious service in the line of his profession as an aviation observer; especially for heroic action in bombing and destroying enemy submarines. Machinist's Mate Ropke was badly injured in an accident while returning from a bombing raid. The pilot of this plane was killed. Machinist's Mate Ropke was awarded the Croix de Guerre with star by the French Government.

 

Schieffelin, John J.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) John J. Schieffelin, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator with the U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service, engaged in patrolling the waters of the war zone, escorting and protecting troop and cargo ships, and operating against enemy submarines.

 

Schoonmaker, Earl
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Earl Schoonmaker, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity Ensign Shoonmaker made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy
coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Seiler, Walter L.
Quartermaster First Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner, French Aviation Unit (Attached), U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
August 13, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster First Class Walter L. Seiler, U.S. Navy, for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty while serving in the French Unit of the U.S. Naval Aviation Service. Quartermaster Seiler took part in an engagement with an enemy submarine on August 13, 1918, off Dunkirk and displayed courage and daring in answering enemy shell fire with a machine gun.

 

Shaw, George W.
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) George W. Shaw, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a pilot of seaplanes, patrolling and convoying in the vicinity of Wexford, Ireland. Lieutenant (j.g.) Shaw assisted in trailing and bombing a submarine during very bad weather.

 

Sistare, Reginal W.
Electrician Third Class, U.S. Navy
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician Third Class Reginal W. Sistare, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of
the Northern Bombing groups in France, co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front, from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory, and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Smith, A. K.
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign A. K. Smith, U.S. Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of seaplanes serving in the Adriatic, where he carried out numerous flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts.

 

Smith, Alvin W.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Alvin W. Smith, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Smith, Eugene M.
Quartermaster, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster Eugene M. Smith, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty as a pilot in a seaplane stationed at Porto Corsini, Italy. Quartermaster Smith showed marked courage and exceptional flying ability, and took part in raids over enemy territory under fire.

 

Smith, Kenneth R.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
April 22, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Kenneth R. Smith, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as pilot of a seaplane on April 22, 1918,
when he bombed and damaged an enemy submarine off the coast of France.

 

Sprague, William G.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, US Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
October 26, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign William G. Sprague, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession on October 26, 1918, as pilot of a seaplane, in attacking and probably destroying an enemy submarine, sighted by him near an important convoy, which he thus efficiently protected. Ensign Sprague was killed in a landing accident when coming back from this action.

 

Stanley, John
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign John Stanley, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Staub, John F.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, US Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
July 9, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign John F. Staub, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as a pilot of a seaplane, carrying out a large number of hazardous war patrol flights in the vicinity of enemy coasts with skill and daring; and especially on the occasion of the attack on a submarine on July 9, 1918, when as observer of the seaplane, he dropped bombs, which either destroyed or seriously damaged the submarine.

 

Stocker, Robert M.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
September - November, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Robert M. Stocker, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator of land planes attached to
the Northern Bombing Group in active operations co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian front during September, October and November, 1918, bombing enemy bases, aerodromes, submarine bases, ammunition dumps, railroad junctions, etc.

 

Stone, Emory A.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, US Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
March 16, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Emory A. Stone, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces),
for extraordinary heroism as pilot of a British seaplane on March 16, 1918. The plane, with Ensign Stone as pilot and Sub-lieutenant Eric Moore, U.N.A.S., as observer, was engaged on convoy patrol and while in pursuit of a supposed submarine was obliged to make a landing in the sea so rough that the machine released with messages and one of these reached home and gave news of the situation, but although a search was at once instituted, the men were not rescued until they had clung to the wrecked plane for 82 hours without food or water, enduring their sufferings with splendid courage and fortitude.

 

Stuart, Kimberley
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Kimberley Stuart, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights, for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

*Sturtevant, Albert D.
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Albert D. Sturtevant, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator attached to the Royal Air Force station at Felixstowe, England, making a great many offensive patrol flights over the
North Sea and was shot down when engaged gallantly in combat with a number of enemy planes.

 

Taber, Leslie R.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Leslie R. Taber, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces),
for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Taggart, John E.
Electrician Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Radio Operator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
July 19, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Electrician Third Class John E. Taggart, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as radio operator in an airplane over the North Sea on July 19, 1918, when an enemy submarine was successfully attacked.

 

Talbot, Albert B.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Commander of a Dirigible, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Albert B. Talbot, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer
of a dirigible engaged in patrol and convoy flights, in the war zone, in which operations he did exceptional work, pushing his flights to the limits of physical and material endurance.

 

Talliaferro, Albert P.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Albert P. Talliaferro, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high Spirit of duty.

 

Taylor, Elmer B.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Elmer B. Taylor, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces),
for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Taylor, Mosely
Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Aviator, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (j.g.) Mosely Taylor, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator operating in the war zone with the United States and British air forces. Lieutenant Taylor took part in many raids over the enemy's lines.

 

Tice, Roswell L. C.
Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Mechanic, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Quartermaster Roswell L. C. Tice, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in the line of his profession at the naval air station, Wexford, Ireland. Quartermaster Tice was a wonderful leader and worker. Being in charge of hangar mechanics, he is largely responsible for the "no accident," "no casualty list" of operations. Many times he worked during rain and gale at night in the open to keep machines in excellent condition.

 

Tinkham, Edward D.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Edward D. Tinkham, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he
made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Underwood, Austin M.
Chief Electrician, U.S. Navy
Gunner/Observer, Northern Bombing Groups
Date Of Action:
June - November 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Chief Electrician Austin M. Underwood, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic services as a gunner and observer of airplanes of the Northern Bombing Groups in France co-operating with the Allied Armies on the Belgian Front, from June to November, 1918, in bombing raids over enemy territory and in action against enemy aircraft.

 

Van Vliet, William C.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign William C. Van Vliet, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as an aviator operating with U.S. Naval
and French aviation forces. Ensign Van Vliet took part in a number of combats with enemy airplanes, and in attacks upon enemy batteries and trenches.

 

Varini, Giochino
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Giochino Varini, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity he made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Walton, Mark W.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant Mark W. Walton, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity Lieutenant Walton made many flights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

*Weed, Walker Ten Eyke
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Seaplane Z-312 U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
February 26, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Walker Ten Eyke Weed, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for extraordinary heroism on February 26, 1918, when the seaplane Z-312 fell to the ground and burst into flames. Ensign Weed having extricated himself from the wreckage and reached a point of safety, perceived that his observer was still imprisoned in the wreckage and surrounded by flames of burning gasoline. He at once returned to the burning machine and succeeded in extricating the observer, suffering injuries from burning which later resulted in his death.

 

West, W. Malcom
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign W. Malcom West, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity Ensign West made many nights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

White, Walter
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, Seaplane Detachment, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Walter White, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a seaplane pilot in which capacity Ensign White made many nights for patrolling the sea and bombing the enemy coasts, showing at all times courage and a high spirit of duty.

 

Whitehouse, William P.
Lieutenant, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Commander of a Dirigible, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant William P. Whitehouse, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of a dirigible engaged in patrol and convoy nights, in the war zone, in which operations he did exceptional work, pushing his flights to the limits of physical and material endurance.

 

Whiting, Kenneth
Commander, U.S. Navy
Commanding Officer, U.S. Naval Air Station, Killingholme, England
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Commander Kenneth Whiting, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility as commanding officer of the first U.S. aeronautical detachment to reach France, and later in command of the important U.S. naval air station at Killingholme, England.

 

Wilcox, Harold M.
Ensign, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces)
Pilot, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
World War I

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Harold M. Wilcox, U.S. Navy (Reserve Forces), for distinguished and heroic service as a member of the U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, foreign service. engaged in patrolling the waters of the war zone, escorting and protecting troop and cargo ships, and operating against enemy submarines.

 

Williams, Obed E.
Ensign, U.S. Navy
Observer, U.S. Naval Aviation Forces
Date Of Action:
April 23, 1918

Citation:
The Navy Cross is awarded to Ensign Obed E. Williams, U.S. Navy, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in the line of his profession as an
aviation observer; especially for heroic action in taking part in operations on April 23, 1918, bombing an enemy submarine, which was reported as having been destroyed. Ensign Williams was also awarded the Croix de Guerre with palm.

 

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