Welcome to the Enhanced Research Library

  

   Pre-WW1 

Recipients Of The
Distinguished Service Cross

(This listing is as complete as we are able to provide from numerous resources, however it is possible that a few recipients may not be listed.  You can verify if someone received the Distinguished Service Cross from this list, but absence of a name should NOT be construed to definitively negate a veteran's claim to this award.)

132 Awards

Indian Campaigns (1861-1898) 7
Interim (1871-1898) 1
Spanish American War *1898) 30
Philippine Insurrection (1899-1913) 68
China - Boxer Rebellion (1900) 6
Interim (1899-1910) 8
Mexican Border Wars (1915-1918) 5
Interim (1910 - 1917) 7

 

NOTES: 
During the war with Mexico (May 13, 1846 to May 30, 1848) Congress established the Certificate of Merit as a means of recognizing "any private soldier who has distinguished himself by gallantry performed in the presence of the enemy." During the period a total of 539 Certificates of Merit were approved. Following the war it was generally assumed that the Certificate of Merit was ONLY for Mexican War service, and there remained no means of recognizing individual soldiers for their valorous or distinguished acts until the creation of the Medal of Honor during the Civil War.

Following the Civil War, from the Period June 22, 1874 through Feb. 10, 1892, Certificates of Merit were again approved to recognize extraordinary gallantry by a private soldier in the presence of the enemy. During this period a total of 462 Certificates of Merit were awarded for combat actions.

From Feb. 11, 1892 until July 9, 1918, changing criteria allowed for award of Certificates of Merit for "distinguished service whether in action or otherwise, of valuable character to the United States, as, for example, extraordinary exertion in the preservation of human life, or in the preservation of public property, or rescuing public property from destruction by fire or other-wise, or any hazardous service by which the Government is saved loss in men and material." Many of the 205 Certificates of Merit awarded under this new criteria were awarded for combat actions in the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and the Boxer Rebellion (China). Others were issued for a variety of life-saving or other admirable actions. (One must keep in mind that during this same period the Navy awarded Medals of Honor for non-combat acts of life-saving. For members of the U.S. Army, the Certificate of Merit was the ONLY means of recognizing such heroic acts, as the Army Medal of Honor was restricted to combat actions.)

In 1918 Congress authorized the first Pyramid of Honor, establishing a series of medals lower in precedence than the Medal of Honor to provide a better means of recognizing individual soldiers. Among the awards approved were the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal, and the Citation Star (which became the Silver Star). With the new Pyramid of Honor, the Certificate of Merit was disestablished by Act of Congress on July 9, 1918. At the same time, in legislation authorizing the Distinguished Service Medal, Congress directed that the "Distinguished Service Medal also be issued to all enlisted men of the Army to whom the certificate of merit has been granted... in lieu of such certificates of merit, and after the passage of this act the award of the certificate of merit for distinguished service shall cease...." As a result, a total of 271 soldiers and veterans who had previously received Certificates of Merit were awarded the D.S.M. in lieu of their Certificate of Merit.

By the Act of Congress on March 5, 1934, it was directed that: "The Distinguished Service Cross shall be issued to all enlisted men of the Army to whom the certificate of merit was issued" and that "those persons who have heretofore received the Distinguished Service Medal shall be issued the Distinguished Service Cross provided the Distinguished Service Medal is first surrendered to the War Department." Only 54 recipients of the Certificate of Merit who had seen their award upgraded to the D.S.M. applied for this final upgrade to the Distinguished Service Cross. Twenty-one other veterans whose application for the D.S.M. in lieu of the Certificate of Merit had not yet been finalized, also received the D.S.C. instead. These 75 men comprise all of the Pre-WWI recipients of the D.S.C. as a result of upgrades from either the Certificate of Merit, or from the Distinguished Service Medal that had been previously issued in lieu of the Certificate of Merit.

Added to these seventy-five recipients are the names of 5 soldiers who were awarded D.S.C.s for their actions in the Mexican Border Wars (1915-1918). Twenty soldiers who had distinguished themselves in the Philippine Insurrection and two who had distinguished themselves in China but who had not previously been awarded the Certificate of Merit, were also awarded D.S.C.s under General Orders. These comprise the 132 total recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross for actions prior to World War I.

 

 Alphabetical Roster of Recipients
By War or Period

Name

Rank

Date of Act

Notes

Battle-Incident

General Orders

     Indian Campaigns (1861-1898) - 7 Awards

Arrington, George

Private

  May 11, 1889

Infantry

Arizona

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Braden, Charles

2nd Lt.

  Aug. 11, 1873

Cavalry

Big Horn River , MT

GO 7, W.D., 1925

*Capron, Harry W.

Corporal

  Dec. 29, 1890

Cavalry

Wounded Knee Creek , SD

In Lieu of CM/DSM

*Hoff, John Van R.

Captain

  Dec. 29, 1890

Asst. Surgeon

Wounded Knee , SD

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Hubbard, John C.

Private

  April 28, 1882

Cavalry

Huachuca Mtns , AZ

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Kelly, Thomas

1st Sgt.

  Oct. 5 - 6, 1898

Infantry

Leech Lake , MN

GO 14, W.D., 1928

Kress, John A.

Captain

  July 8, 1878

Ordnance

Umatilla, OR

GO 7, W.D., 1925

     Interim (1871-1899) - 1 Award

1st Award
Young, John C.
DSC w/OLC (Span-Am)

Sergeant Major

  Nov. 19, 1896

Infantry

Fort Snelling , MN

In Lieu of CM/DSM

     Spanish American War (1898) - 30 Awards

Abele, Joseph E.

Private

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Allen, James

Lt. Colonel

  June 2 - 5, 1898

Signal Corps

Santiago , Cuba

GO 14, W.D., 1925

Arundell, Daniel

1st Sgt

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Bell, James Franklin
MOH (Philip pine Insurrection)

Major

  Aug. 10, 1898

Engineer

Manila

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Binckli,  Frederic

Private

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Bjornstad, Alfred W.

Captain

  Aug. 13, 1898

Infantry

Manila

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Byram, George L.

1st Lt.

  June 24, 1898

Cavalry

Las Guasimas , Cuba

GO 71, W.D., 1919

Conner, Lawrence B.

Private

  Aug. 2, 1898

Infantry

Manila

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Cook, William C.

Private

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Cooke, James H.

Sergeant

  July 2, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

GO 32, W.D., 1919

Gould, Clarence S.

1st Sgt.

  July 1, 1898

Cavalry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Knox, Thomas T.

Captain

  June 24, 1898

Cavalry

Las Guasimas , Cuba

GO 34, W.D., 1924

March, Peyton C.

1st Lt.

  Aug. 13, 1898

Artillery

Manila

GO 39, W.D., 1920

Marsh,  Robert J.

Musician

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

McMurphy, Frank P.

Corporal

July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Means, Rice W.

2nd Lt.

Aug. 9 & 10, 1898

Infantry

Manila

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Muir, Charles H.

1st Lt.

  July 2, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

GO 10, W.D., 1924

Nichols, Edward T.

1st Sgt.

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

O'Reilly, James F.

Corporal

  July 18, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

O'Rourke, John

1st Sgt.

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Ravenstine, George O.

Sergeant

  July 1, 1898

Cavalry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Rowan, Andrew S.

Captain

May 1898

Infantry

Cuba

GO 38, W.D., 1922

Shaffer, Samuel W.

Sergeant Major

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Sillman,  Robert H.

Sergeant

  Aug. 13, 1898

Artillery

Manila

GO 116, W.D., 1919

Smith, Jacob C.

Saddler Sgt.

  July 1, 1898

Cavalry

San Juan , Cuba

GO 14, W.D., 1925

Teter, Guy E.

Private

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Thornton, William

Corporal

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Villumsen, Hans

Sergeant

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

Santiago , Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Whitney, Henry H.

Captain

May 1898

Infantry

Puerto Rico

GO 19, W.D., 1922

2d Award
Young, John C.
DSC Interim 1871-1899)

Sgt. Maj.

  July 1, 1898

Infantry

El Caney, Cuba

In Lieu of CM/DSM

      Philippine Insurrection (1899-1913) - 68 Awards

Aloe, Alfred

1st Lt.

Sept. 22, 1900

Infantry

Mozambique, PI

GO 10, W.D., 1924

Anderson, Almer A.

Trumpeter

Nov. 9, 1912

Cavalry

Tagnig River, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Andrews, Charles F.

2nd Lt.

March 11, 1900

Infantry

, PI

GO 13, W.D., 1924

Barnes, Walter K.

Medic

June 3, 1900

Medical Corps

Bulacan, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Bassett, Daniel S.

Private

June 22, 1899

Infantry

San Felipe Church, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

1st Award
Bolles, Frank C.
DSC w/OLC (WWI)

2nd Lt.

Feb. 12, 1899

Infantry

Panay, PI

GO 14, W.D., 1923

Boyington, John E.

Private

Oct. 15, 1900

Infantry

, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

*Brickey, Wiley J.

1st Sgt.

Feb. 14, 1900

Infantry

Luzon, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Carner, George W.

Musician

Sept. 5, 1901

Infantry

Borac River, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Cody, Myron

Private

March 9, 1901

Infantry

Corkscrew Hill, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Connolly, Patrick A.

1st Lt.

Dec. 23, 1901

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 17, W.D., 1924

Copeland, Samuel

Private

Dec. 7, 1899

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Coston, Tony

Private

April 9, 1901

Infantry

Leyte, PI

GO 21, W.D., 1925

Davidson, Alexander H.

1st Lt.

Oct. 17, 1899

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 27, W.D., 1919

Drake, Charles B.

Captain

Feb. 14, 1904

Cavalry

Jolo, PI

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Ferguson, Arthur M.
MOH (Philippine Insurrection)

Corporal

April 26, 1899

Infantry

Calumpit

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Fisher, Ronald E.

2nd Lt.

May 3, 1905

Cavalry

PI

GO 3, W.D., 1922

Garrard, Floyd P.

Sergeant

June 27, 1910

Cavalry

Mindanao, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Gould,  Fred H.

Corporal

Jan. & Feb., 1902

Infantry

Samar, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Graham, Hugh A.

Private

Oct. 11, 1899

Cavalry

Pampanga River, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Harris, Henry L., Jr.

1st Lt.

May 3, 1905

Infantry

Jolo, PI

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Harrison,  Fred A.

Private

Dec. 31, 1901

Cavalry

Cavite Province, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Harty, Bernard A.

Private

July 4, 1909

Cavalry

Patian Island, PI

GO 14, W.D., 1925

Hennecke,  Frederick

Sergeant

Oct. 11, 1899

Infantry

Letye, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Herter, Otto

Private

March 27, 1903

Medical Corps

Rizal, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Hobbs, Horace P.

1st Lt.

May 5, 1905

Infantry

Jolo, PI

GO 4, W.D., 1923

Humphrey, Charles F., Jr.

1st Lt.

Aug. 16, 1899

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Jeffers, Solomon L.

1st Lt.

Jan. 25, 1900

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 7, W.D., 1925

Johnston, Gordon
MOH (Philippine Insurrection)

2nd Lt.

Feb. 1, 1900

Infantry

Leyte, PI

GO 13, W.D., 1924

Jordan, Joseph E.

Private

March 26, 1900

Infantry

Calbayog, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Keeney, Armar D.

Private

Sept. 10, 1907

Infantry

Panay, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

King, Edward L.

Captain

Oct. 6, 1899

Cavalry

Cavite Province, PI

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Kreger, Edward A.

Captain

March 10, 1900

Infantry

Los Banos, PI

GO 108, W.D., 1919

Leonard, Charles L.

Medic

April 8, 1903

Medical Corps

Mindanao, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Lewis, Converse R.

2nd Lt.

June 14, 1904

Infantry

Mindanao, PI

GO 111, W.D., 1919

Lewis, William F.

Captain

Jan. 7, 1905

Medical Corps

Jolo, PI

GO 4, W.D., 1923

Mahoney, Denis

Private

Aug. 16, 1899

Infantry

Guagua, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

McDonald, Wilbert L.

Sergeant

March 7, 1906

Infantry

Jolo, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

McMaster, George H.

1st Lt.

Dec. 7, 1899

Infantry

PI

GO 43, W.D., 1922

Miles, Perry L.

1st Lt.

Feb. 5, 1899

Infantry

Manila

GO 10, W.D., 1924

Miller, Claude H.

1st Lt.

Dec. 7, 1899

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Monroe, Edward M.

Private

Dec. 7, 1899

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Moreland, George

Private

Oct. 30, 1902

Infantry

Guimaras, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Morrow, Bishop L.

Sergeant

May 1, 1903

Infantry

Lake Lanao, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Myers, Leo A.

Private

July 2, 1909

Cavalry

Patian Island, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

O'Brien, James J.

Private

Feb. 2, 1901

Infantry

Batioto, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Odin, Arthur S.

Private

June 13, 1899

Infantry

Zapote River

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Olson, Roy C.

Corporal

March 7, 1906

Infantry

Mt. Bud-Dajo, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Parrott, Roger S.

2nd Lt.

July 4, 1909

Artillery

Patian Island, PI

GO 13, W.D., 1924

Pershing, John J.

B. Gen.

June 15, 1913

Infantry

Jolo, PI

GO Supplement, 1941

Philbin, Patrick

Sergeant

Dec. 31, 1900

Infantry

San Juan, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Remington,  Philip

2nd Lt.

Oct. 22, 1905

Infantry

Mindanao, PI

GO 4, W.D., 1923

Rhodes, Charles D.

Captain

Dec. 31, 1901

Cavalry

Luzon, PI

GO 126, W.D., 1919

Rice, George D.

Chaplain

May 2, 1902

Chaplain

Mindanao, PI

GO 14, W.D., 1925

Rings, William

Cook

March 26, 1900

Infantry

Analason Mtns., PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Sheen, Henry H.

Captain

Aug. 19, 1900

Infantry

Dasmarinas, PI

GO 118, W.D., 1919

Smith,  Robert H.

Private

March 26, 1900

Infantry

Analason Mtns., PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Staples, Frank

Private

May 4, 1903

Infantry

Pitacus, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Swan, Frank S.

Corporal

July 19, 1899

Infantry

Negros, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Treadway, Samuel

Corporal

April 9, 1904

Infantry

Mindanao, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Van Way, Charles W.

Captain

Nov. 2, 1900

Infantry

Luzon, PI

GO 44, W.D., 1919

Wendell, William

Sergeant

July 4, 1909

Cavalry

Patian Island, PI

GO 14, W.D., 1925

Whelan, John

Sergeant

May 2, 1902

Infantry

Bayang, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Willford, James W.

Sergeant

Sept. 1, 1901

Infantry

Samar, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Williams, Gus J.

Private

Dec. 7, 1899

Invantry

Luzon, PI

GO 3, W.D., 1925

Woods, George

Corporal

May 2, 1902

Infantry

Bayang, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Woods, Walter W.

Private

Feb. 13, 1904

Infantry

Mindanao, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Zink, Edward J.

QM Sgt

Jan. 22, 1904

Infantry

Mindanao, PI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

     China Boxer Rebellion (1900) - 6 Awards

Abbott, George F.

Corporal

July 13, 1900

Infantry

China

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Corning, John A.

Private

Sept. 4, 1900

Cavalry

Chang Ping Chow, China

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Davis, Albert

Sergeant

July 13, 1900

Infantry

Tientsin, China

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Frazier, Joseph

1st Lt.

July 13, 1900

Infantry

Tientsin

GO 3, W. D., 1925

Klein, Max

Private

July 13, 1900

Infantry

Tientsin, China

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Waldron, William H.

2nd Lt.

July 13, 1900

Infantry

Tientsin, China

GO 43, W.D., 1922

     Interim (1899-1910) - 8 Awards

Broadus, Lewis

1st Sgt.

July 3, 1906

Infantry

Fort Niobrara, NE

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Bryan, William

Sergeant

July 21, 1910

Artillery

Fort Monroe, VA

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Hickey, Edward J.

Private

Nov. 28, 1904

Quartermaster

West Point, NY

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Kahn, Joseph F.

Private

July 12, 1904

Infantry

Fort Liscum, AK

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Koenig, Edward

Private

July 13, 1905

Infantry

Governor's Island, NY

In Lieu of CM/DSM

McDowell, Winchester

Private

Dec. 8, 1905

Infantry

Lake Champlain, NY

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Metcalf, Charles K.

Medic

Sept. 8, 1900

Medical Corps

Galveston, TX

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Ohmer, Charles

Private

Feb. 28, 1899

Infantry

Adjuntas, PR

In Lieu of CM/DSM

     Mexican Border Wars (1915-1918) - 5 Awards

Castleman, James P.

1st Lt.

March 9, 1916

Cavalry

Mexican Border

GO 2, W.D., 1920

Fannin, Oliver W.

1st Lt.

Aug. 27, 1918

Infantry

Nogales, AZ

GO 44, W.D., 1919

Lavery, James Flavian

PFC

Aug. 27, 1918

Quartermaster

Nogales, AZ

GO 9, W.D., 1923

Smith, Herbert Reeves

SFC

Oct. 21, 1915

Signal Corps

Ojo de Agua, TX

GO 10, W.D., 1924

Tompkins, Frank

Major

March 9, 1916

Cavalry

Columbus, NM

GO 8, W.D., 1934

     Interim (1910-1917) - 7 Awards

Bowden, William H.

Corporal

June 25, 1912

Infantry

Wisconsin River, WI

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Davis, Harvey S.

Sergeant

Aug. 19, 1912

MOS

Fort Monroe, VA

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Keister, Guy A.

Private

May 7, 1911

Infantry

Lakeside, CA

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Olsen, Stanley R.

PFC

May 17, 1916

Cavalry

Chihuahua, Mexico

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Richardson, Clarence M.

Sergeant

Nov. 25, 1917

Artillery

Fort Washington, MD

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Schaus, Walter C.

Private

Aug. 27, 1915

Artillery

San Francisco, CA

In Lieu of CM/DSM

Vandervert, Claude R.

Sergeant

Sept. 28, 1914

Infantry

Vera Cruz, Mexico

In Lieu of CM/DSM


Pre-WWI D.S.C. Recipients

U. S. Army

Chronological List

Recipients by Home Town

 

.

Copyright 1999-2014 by HomeOfHeroes.com
     2115 West 13th Street - Pueblo, CO 81003

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Unless otherwise noted, all materials by C. Douglas Sterner

Home Page

Hall Of Heroes

MOH Community 

NEWS

Kidz Page

FEATURE STORIES
  Profiles In Courage | Wings of ValorThe Brotherhood of Soldiers At War | Go For Broke
 Pearl Harbor  | A Splendid Little War | Shinmiyangyo-Korea 1871 | Quick Links to MOH Stories

RECIPIENT WEB SITES
Barney Barnum  |  Jack Lucas  |  Mitch Paige  |  Wesley Fox  |  Sammy Davis
Roger Donlon
Peter Lemon  |  Drew Dix  |  Mike Novosel

Medal Of Honor Calendar  |  Books By MOH RecipientsSteve Ryan MOH Posters

What Does 
A Hero Look Like?

Click on Superman To Find out


FOOTNOTES
In
HISTORY

NEW
Looking for a Hero or trying to verify awards? We have posted the names of more than 120,000 recipients of the highest awards in a BRAND NEW FREE SECTION
DECORATIONS 1862 - Present
.

Military Medals & Awards 

Information and Images of ALL Military Medals
The Purple Heart 
How to Request Records/Medals Earned
  How to Obtain Military Records of a Family Member 

Honor Roll of America's Military Heroes


Brevet Medal


DSC 


Navy Cross 


Air Force Cross 

Distinguished Service Medals

Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force - Coast Guard - Merchant Marine



Silver Star

U.S. History and Information
The History Room | U.S. Flag HistoryHistory of the Flag |
How to Display the Flag
| The National Anthem | The Pledge of Allegiance The American Creed | The Seal of our Nation | Our National Symbol
Arthur MacArthur's Flag | William Carney's Flag | FDR's Flag of Liberation]

FLAG DAY           STATE FLAGS
American Presidents
U.S. Presidents | Inaugural Addresses

God & Country
ROOM

MY HERO Web Page Creator 
(Create a Tribute to the Hero in Your Own Life)

SEARCH
bn_search.jpg (3967 bytes)
OUR SITE

EDUCATIONAL

GAME ARCADE

OR
Quick Quiz

***
Electronic Post Cards
Talking Points 

Remembering 911
The Binch
Citizens Speak Out

BEYOND THE MEDAL

This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public!


 

HomeOfHeroes.com now has more than 25,000 pages of US History for you to view.