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NOTE - After 19 years online, may soon close it's doors.

Many of the HERO STORIES, history, citations and other information detailed in this website are, at least for now, available in PRINT or DIGITAL format from AMAZON.COM. The below comprise the nearly 4-dozen  "Home Of Heroes" books currently available.

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Medal of Honor Books

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This series of books contains the citations for ALL Medals of Honor awarded to that branch of service, with brief biographical data and photos of many of the recipients. Some of them also include citations for other awards, analysis of awards, data tables and analysis and more. These are LARGE volumes, each 8 1/2" x 11" and more than 500 pages each. Click on a book to find it on where you can find more details on what is contained in each book, as well as to get a free preview. Each volume is $24.95.

Heroes in the War on Terrorism

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These books contain the citations for nearly all of the awards of the Silve Star and higher to members of each branch of service in the War on Terrorism. Books include photos of most recipients, some biographical data, analysis of awards by rank, unit, date, and more.


With the 5 Medal of Honor volumes above, these compilations comprise a virtual 28-volume ENCYCLOPEDIA of decorated American heroes(15,000 pages)  with award citations, history, tables & analysis, and detailed indexes of ACEs, FLAG OFFICERS, and more. (Click on any book to see it in - $24.95 Each Volume)

United States Army Heroes

Distinguished Service Cross

Distinguished Service Medals
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1873 - 1941 Korea Vietnam 1862 - 1960 RVN - Present

United States Navy Heroes

Navy Cross Silver Star Navy Corpsmen
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1915 - 1941 WWII Korea - Present WWII

United States Marine Corps Heroes

Navy Cross Silver Star
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1915 - WWII Korea - Present 1900 - 1941 WWII 1947 - Korea Vietnam - Present

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The Defining Generation
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Visit My

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The Stars and Stripes

The Declaration of Independence severed all ties between the 13 American Colonies and Great Britain.  For almost a full year after that first Independence Day, the flag of the new nation still bore the Union Jack among its red and white stripes.  All of that changed on June 14, 1777 when the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution establishing a new design.  The name of the "United Colonies" having been changed in September of the previous year, the resolution read:


"Resolved, that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field representing a new constellation."



Ironically, the symbolism of the three colors found in the United States flag is set forth, not in the various resolutions authorizing the flag, but in a report Secretary of the Congress Charles Thompson wrote to define the Seal of our Nation.   In that report he stated:

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"The colors of the pales (the vertical stripes on the shield of the eagle) are those used in the flag of the United States of America;
WHITE signifies purity and innocence,
RED, hardiness & valour, and
BLUE, the color of the Chief*, signifies vigilance, perseverance & Justice."

(*The Chief is the blue band at the top of the shield.)

If you were with us in the Birth of A Nation exhibit, you remember how we learned that the leaders of the American revolution felt that their actions were somehow predestined by some higher power, that they not only had the right to declare independence from England but a destiny to do so.  This thinking led them to represent the 13 colonies by inserting stars in the field of blue, one star for each of the colonies.  They considered the union of these 13 individual "states" somewhat like a constellation in the heavens...several different stars arranged together to create a picture in the universe.  The picture the stars created in the field of blue was strictly symbolic, however.  The Congressional resolution establishing a flag of 13 red and white stripes and 13 stars in a field of blue did not establish HOW the stars should be arranged, or even how many points each star would have.  For this reason the earliest United States flags had a variety of designs.  On some, the "new constellation" was represented by 6-pointed stars, others by 5-pointed stars.

Most historians believe that Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey was largely responsible for not only the earlier Grand Union Flag, but that he was also responsible for the stars in the new flag.  At the time the resolution was approved for the new flag, Mr. Hopkinson was Chairman of the Continental Navy Board's Middle Department.  (Mr. Hopkinson was also instrumental in the design for the seal of our Nation.)  The first Navy Stars and Stripes flag displayed the 13 stars in alternating rows of three and two.  That is the flag you see at the top of this page.

The Betsy Ross Flag  

flag_13ross.gif (2950 bytes) Of course, most of us remember the story of Betsy Ross and quickly recognize the "Betsy Ross Flag" with the stars in a circle.  Betsy Ross made flags for the United States for 50 years.  During the American Revolution she made flags for the Pennsylvania State Navy as well as other military units.  The "Betsy Ross Flag" as seen here, however, did not appear until the early 1790s, and there is no solid evidence to support claims that Betsy Ross created the first stars and stripes.

Thus it was that the earliest Colonial armies served under a variety of differently designed flags.  On some the stars were displayed in rows of 4-5-4, on others the stars seemed to be scattered in the field of blue without any sense of order.  The Third Maryland Regiment was reported to have first used a flag similar to the one here as early as 1777.   We do know that such a flag, with a circle of 12 stars and one star in the center, was present as early as January 17, 1781 at the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina.   The original flag from that battle, with the stars arranged as seen here, now hangs in the Maryland State House.


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"We take the stars from Heaven, the red from out mother country, separating it by white stripes, thus showing that we have separated from her, and the white stripes shall go down to posterity representing liberty."  
George Washington

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The Bennington Flag

flag_13ben.gif (3335 bytes) While many historians today believe that the distinctive BENNINGTON FLAG may have been made for the 50th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence in 1826, there is strong evidence to indicate a flag similar to this was present on August 16, 1777 when General John Stark and his "Green Mountain Boys" defeated the 600 German mercenaries at Bennington, Vermont.  (You can see the flag of the Green Mountain Boys in our archives.)
This flag is sometimes referred to also as the "Fillmore Flag".  Nathan Fillmore took such a flag home from the battle of Bennington, where it was passed on through several generations of Fillmore's, including President Millard Fillmore.  The Fillmore flag is now on display at the Bennington Museum in Vermont.

The "Stars and Stripes" in its various forms inspired a generation through a five year struggle for independence.  Since 1776 no generation of Americans has been spared the responsibility of defending freedom...and more than ONE MILLION American's have died in defense of all our flag stands for.  The "new constellation"   envisioned by the Second Continental Congress in their resolution of June 14, 1777 found design in a new flag.  Unlike celestial constellations however, this new constellation was capable of way to

The Star Spangled Banner



Click on the NEXT arrow to go to the next page is this series on the history of our Flag. 

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The 15 Star Flag

[History of the Flag]  [13 Star Flag] [15 Star Flag] [Pre-Civil War Flags]
[Civil War Flags][20th Century Flags][Our 50 Star Flag] [Flag Day]
[Arthur MacArthur's Flag] [William Carney's Flag] [FDR's Flag of Liberation]


How to Display the Flag The National Anthem The Pledge of Allegiance
The American Creed The Seal of our Nation Our National Symbol
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Unless otherwise noted, all materials by C. Douglas Sterner

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Looking for a Hero or trying to verify awards? We have posted the names of more than 120,000 recipients of the highest awards in a BRAND NEW FREE SECTION
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This 5 Disc DVD Education Program has been distributed to over 17,500 Public & Private High Schools and is now available to the public! now has more than 25,000 pages of US History for you to view.



OUR FLAG, Joint Committee on Printing, United States Congress. 1989
Chronicle of America 1997 Dorling Kindersley
"Flag of the United States". Funk & Wagnals New Encyclopedia. 1986
The Citizens Flag Alliance, Inc.